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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433490/evaluating-health-of-emerging-economies-through-the-eyes-of-heart-valve-disease-in%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-transcatheter-era
#1
REVIEW
Sameer Arora, Cassandra J Ramm, Amol A Bahekar, John P Vavalle
China and India are the 2 fastest growing major world economies. However, they suffer from great differences in health policies, demographics, and rates of population growth. Whereas China has seen a steep decline in rheumatic heart disease (RHD) and a rise in life expectancy, India continues to suffer from a significant burden of RHD due to insufficient distribution of economic prosperity to health care, denser population, and ineffective application of World Health Organization RHD prevention guidelines. As China faces the burden of the world's largest geriatric population, focus has shifted to calcific aortic stenosis for which it prepares by expansions in the field of transcatheter aortic valve replacement...
April 19, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433260/future-and-potential-spending-on-health-2015-40-development-assistance-for-health-and-government-prepaid-private-and-out-of-pocket-health-spending-in-184-countries
#2
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The amount of resources, particularly prepaid resources, available for health can affect access to health care and health outcomes. Although health spending tends to increase with economic development, tremendous variation exists among health financing systems. Estimates of future spending can be beneficial for policy makers and planners, and can identify financing gaps. In this study, we estimate future gross domestic product (GDP), all-sector government spending, and health spending disaggregated by source, and we compare expected future spending to potential future spending...
April 19, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433256/evolution-and-patterns-of-global-health-financing-1995-2014-development-assistance-for-health-and-government-prepaid-private-and-out-of-pocket-health-spending-in-184-countries
#3
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: An adequate amount of prepaid resources for health is important to ensure access to health services and for the pursuit of universal health coverage. Previous studies on global health financing have described the relationship between economic development and health financing. In this study, we further explore global health financing trends and examine how the sources of funds used, types of services purchased, and development assistance for health disbursed change with economic development...
April 19, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433120/additional-cost-because-of-pneumonia-in-nursing-home-residents-results-from-the-incidence-of-pneumonia-and-related-consequences-in-nursing-home-resident-study
#4
Nadège Costa, Emiel O Hoogendijk, Michael Mounié, Robert Bourrel, Yves Rolland, Bruno Vellas, Laurent Molinier, Matteo Cesari
OBJECTIVES: Pneumonia is a frequent condition in older people. Our aim was to examine the total healthcare cost related to pneumonia in nursing home (NH) residents over a 1-year follow-up period. DESIGN: This was a prospective, longitudinal, observational, and multicenter study that was a part of the Incidence of Pneumonia and related Consequences in Nursing Home Resident study. SETTING: Thirteen NHs located in Languedoc Roussillon and Midi-Pyrénées regions in France were included...
May 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431619/age-sex-and-race-ethnic-temporal-trends-in-metabolic-syndrome-prevalence-among-individuals-with-myocardial-infarction-or-stroke-in-the-united-states
#5
Alain Lekoubou, Bruce Ovbiagele, Daniela Markovic, Nerses Sanossian, Amytis Towfighi
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome (MetS), an independent risk factor for myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke, affects 1 in 3 adults in the United States. Recent trends in MetS prevalence among MI and stroke survivors are unknown. METHODS: We assessed age, sex, race/ethnicity, and socio-economic status specific trends in rates of MetS among adults ≥18years who participated in National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 1999-2010 and who fasted for 8h (n=12,502)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431515/the-effectiveness-of-creating-an-online-life-story-book-on-persons-with-early-dementia-and-their-informal-caregivers-a-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Teuntje R Elfrink, Sytse U Zuidema, Miriam Kunz, Gerben J Westerhof
BACKGROUND: Dementia has a high burden for patients, informal caregivers and society. Given changes in care systems, more persons with dementia will live longer at home. However, living at home (with dementia) with a good quality of life is not easy to achieve. Dementia is often accompanied by neuropsychiatric symptoms like apathy, agitation, depression, and anxiety, which have a negative impact on quality of life. Whereas cognitive deterioration can hardly be influenced, it is possible to reduce neuropsychiatric symptoms...
April 21, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431502/inequalities-in-health-care-utilization-for-common-childhood-illnesses-in-ethiopia-evidence-from-the-2011-ethiopian-demographic-and-health-survey
#7
Asmamaw Atnafu Ayalneh, Dagnachew Muluye Fetene, Tae Jin Lee
BACKGROUND: Globally, 5.9 million children under the age of five died in 2015. More than half and almost one-third of those deaths occurred in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, respectively. Diarrhea and Pneumonia, which were the major causes of the problem, accounted for more than two million deaths of the world's youngest children every year. Like other developing countries, child health services utilization is low in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to identify the determinant factors for the inequalities in medical treatment seeking behavior for common childhood illnesses in Ethiopia...
April 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431484/who-5-well-being-index-as-screening-instrument-for-psychological-comorbidity-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorder
#8
Fadi Ismail, Karin Lange, Marit Gillig, Katarzyna Zinken, Lena Schwabe, Meike Stiesch, Michael Eisenburger
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare the WHO-Five Well-Being Index (WHO-5) with the Oral Health Impact Profile-49 (OHIP-49) questionnaire as screening tools to detect psychological comorbidity in TMDs. METHODS: A TMD group (92 patients, 42.8 ± 17.1 yrs) and a control group (90 patients of the Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, 38.9 ± 10.1 yrs) completed the WHO-5 and the OHIP-49 questionnaire. RESULTS: The patients with TMD reported significantly greater OHIP-49 sum scores than controls (47...
April 21, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431415/potential-impact-of-affordable-care-act-related-insurance-expansion-on-trauma-care-reimbursement
#9
John W Scott, Pooja U Neiman, Peter A Najjar, Thomas C Tsai, Kirstin W Scott, Mark G Shrime, David M Cutler, Ali Salim, Adil H Haider
BACKGROUND: Nearly one quarter of trauma patients are uninsured and hospitals recoup less than 20% of inpatient costs for their care. This study examines changes to hospital reimbursement for inpatient trauma care if the full coverage expansion provisions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) were in effect. METHODS: We abstracted nonelderly adults (ages 18-64 years) admitted for trauma from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample during 2010-the last year before most major ACA coverage expansion policies...
May 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431333/regeneration-and-health-a-structured-rapid-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
G McCartney, W Hearty, M Taulbut, R Mitchell, R Dryden, C Collins
OBJECTIVE: To identify and synthesise what is known about the impacts of regeneration on health, health inequalities and their socio-economic determinants. STUDY DESIGN: Rapid, structured literature review. METHODS: A rapid, structured approach was undertaken to identifying relevant studies involving a search of peer-reviewed literature databases, an Internet search to identify relevant grey literature, and a review of articles citing two key systematic reviews...
April 17, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429659/sex-differences-in-disease-specific-health-status-measures-in-patients-with-symptomatic-peripheral-artery-disease-data-from-the-portrait-study
#11
Mazen Roumia, Herbert D Aronow, Peter Soukas, Kensey Gosch, Kim G Smolderen, John A Spertus, J Dawn Abbott
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is associated with poor health status (symptoms, functioning, quality of life (QOL)). Whether sex differences exist in PAD-specific health status is unknown. In patients presenting to a specialty clinic with new-onset or recent exacerbation of PAD, we examined sex differences as assessed by the Peripheral Artery Questionnaire (PAQ). The Patient-centered Outcomes Related to TReatment Practices in Peripheral Arterial Disease: Investigating Trajectories (PORTRAIT) study is a multicenter, international prospective study of patients with new or worsening PAD symptoms...
April 2017: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429631/household-food-insecurity-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-sagamu-nigeria-a-preliminary-study
#12
Oluwafolahan O Sholeye, Victor J Animasahun, Albert A Salako, Bankole K Oyewole
BACKGROUND: Household food insecurity has been associated with increased risk of transmission of HIV infection and poor treatment outcomes. This study therefore determined the prevalence of household food insecurity and its associated factors among people living with HIV in Sagamu, Ogun State, Nigeria. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among 244 adult clients accessing care and support at the teaching hospital in Sagamu, Nigeria, selected via systematic sampling...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429485/the-place-of-periodontal-examination-and-referral-in-general-medicine
#13
REVIEW
Samuel Chan, Graham M Pasternak, Malcolm J West
In many countries, dental services, unlike other health-care services, are not covered by the principle of universal access. It is only in the last couple of decades that there has been a greater interaction between medicine and dentistry. Various health-care systems worldwide may provide public dental services to the young and the disadvantaged, but few provide access to all. Public policy does not appear to appreciate the vast economic, health and social implications of poor oral health on the overall health of an individual...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428815/service-user-and-care-giver-involvement-in-mental-health-system-strengthening-in-nepal-a-qualitative-study-on-barriers-and-facilitating-factors
#14
Dristy Gurung, Nawaraj Upadhyaya, Jananee Magar, Nir Prakash Giri, Charlotte Hanlon, Mark J D Jordans
BACKGROUND: Service user and caregiver involvement has become an increasingly common strategy to enhance mental health outcomes, and has been incorporated in the mental healthpolicies of many developed nations. However, this practice is non-existent or fragmented in low and middle income countries (LMICs). Instances of service user and caregiver involvement have been rising slowly in a few LMICs, but are rarely described in the literature. Very little is known about the context of user and caregiver participation in mental health system strengthening processes in a low-income, disaster- and conflict-affected state such as Nepal...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428160/simulated-conversations-with-virtual-humans-to-improve-patient-provider-communication-and-reduce-unnecessary-prescriptions-for-antibiotics-a-repeated-measure-pilot-study
#15
Antoinette Schoenthaler, Glenn Albright, Judith Hibbard, Ron Goldman
BACKGROUND: Despite clear evidence that antibiotics do not cure viral infections, the problem of unnecessary prescribing of antibiotics in ambulatory care persists, and in some cases, prescribing patterns have increased. The overuse of antibiotics for treating viral infections has created numerous economic and clinical consequences including increased medical costs due to unnecessary hospitalizations, antibiotic resistance, disruption of gut bacteria, and obesity. Recent research has underscored the importance of collaborative patient-provider communication as a means to reduce the high rates of unnecessary prescriptions for antibiotics...
April 19, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427593/economic-outcomes-of-bioresorbable%C3%A2-vascular-scaffolds-versus%C3%A2-everolimus-eluting-stents-in-patients%C3%A2-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-1-year-results-from-the-absorb%C3%A2-iii-trial
#16
Suzanne J Baron, Yang Lei, Khaja Chinnakondepalli, Katherine Vilain, Elizabeth A Magnuson, Dean J Kereiakes, Stephen G Ellis, Gregg W Stone, David J Cohen
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the economic impact of the Absorb bioresorbable vascular scaffold compared with the Xience everolimus-eluting stent in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. BACKGROUND: The ABSORB III trial (Everolimus-Eluting Bioresorbable Scaffolds for Coronary Artery Disease) demonstrated that the Absorb scaffold was noninferior to the Xience stent with respect to target lesion failure at 1 year. Whether health care costs differ between the Absorb scaffold and the Xience stent is unknown...
April 24, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426186/issue-at-the-heart-of-advancing-the-de-adoption-of-low-value-care-proceedings-from-an-expert-roundtable
#17
Janet Weiner, Rebecka Rosenquist
Identifying and paying for value has become a recurrent theme of health care reforms. Its corollary, reducing the prevalence of, and resources directed to, ineffective or marginally effective care, has received far less attention. In July 2016, the University of Pennsylvania’s Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics (LDI) convened a diverse set of national leaders and stakeholders representing industry, think-tanks, provider and patient groups, and academic experts to tackle how health systems, payers, and providers can spur the ‘de-adoption’ of medical practices and technologies no longer considered valuable...
April 2017: LDI Issue Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425906/the-canadian-dementia-challenge-ensuring-optimal-care-and-services-for-those-at-risk-or-with-dementia-throughout-the-country
#18
Howard H Feldman, Carole A Estabrooks
In the next 15 years, Canada is predicted to face a doubling in its population affected by dementia. By 2038, an estimated 1.1 million Canadians will be experiencing dementia, with unprecedented impact on social, economic and health landscapes. In September 2015, the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences convened a Forum, with the specific thematic goals of reviewing progress towards effective dementia treatment and prevention, improved systems of care, advanced living and built environments, and impactful technology developments...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425110/neural-tube-defects-risk-factors-and-preventive-measures
#19
REVIEW
Atsuo Kondo, Takuya Matsuo, Nobuhito Morota, Atsuya S Kondo, Ikuyo Okai, Hiromi Fukuda
For the last 25 years, it has been proven that the occurrence or recurrence of neural tube defects can be prevented with the administration of folic acid before and early pregnancy. At present, over 80 countries in the world, except Japan, have mandated the fortification of wheat flour and/or rice with folic acid, which has resulted in a significant reduction in the prevalence of neural tube defects. In 2000, the Japanese government recommended folic acid 400 µg daily for young women of childbearing age and women who are planning to conceive...
April 19, 2017: Congenital Anomalies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425000/medical-care-screening-and-regularization-of-sub-saharan-irregular-migrants-affected-by-hepatitis-b-in-france-and-italy
#20
Cecilia Santilli
Both in France and in Italy hepatitis B is present mostly among the migrant population coming from sub-Saharan Africa and mainly among those migrants having a poor socio-economic background. This article is aimed at assaying the impact of public policies adopted by France and Italy for migrants' health on the treatment of migrants with HBV. The article is based on semi-structured interviews conducted with 30 immigrant adults taken into care by two associations dealing with medical, psychological and social issues of immigrants applying for a residence permit, mainly asylum seekers...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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