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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652938/cost-of-malaria-treatment-and-health-seeking-behaviour-of-children-under-five-years-in-the-upper-west-region-of-ghana
#1
Maxwell Ayindenaba Dalaba, Paul Welaga, Abraham Oduro, Laata Latif Danchaka, Chieko Matsubara
BACKGROUND: There is limited knowledge on cost of treating malaria in children under-five years in northern Ghana which poses a challenge in determining whether interventions such as the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) and Community-based Health Planning and Services (CHPS) have reduced the economic burden of malaria to households or not. This study examined the malaria care seeking and cost of treatment in children under-five years in the Upper West Region of Ghana. METHODS: The study used a cross-sectional, quantitative design and data were collected between July and August 2016 in three districts in the Upper West Region of Ghana...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652896/a-cohort-study-of-the-effects-of-older-adult-care-dependence-upon-household-economic-functioning-in-peru-mexico-and-china
#2
Maëlenn M Guerchet, Mariella Guerra, Yueqin Huang, Peter Lloyd-Sherlock, Ana Luisa Sosa, Richard Uwakwe, Isaac Acosta, Peter Ezeah, Sara Gallardo, Zhaorui Liu, Rosie Mayston, Veronica Montes de Oca, Hong Wang, Martin J Prince
BACKGROUND: While links between disability and poverty are well established, there have been few longitudinal studies to clarify direction of causality, particularly among older adults in low and middle income countries. We aimed to study the effect of care dependence among older adult residents on the economic functioning of their households, in catchment area survey sites in Peru, Mexico and China. METHODS: Households were classified from the evolution of the needs for care of older residents, over two previous community surveys, as 'incident care', 'chronic care' or 'no care', and followed up three years later to ascertain economic outcomes (household income, consumption, economic strain, satisfaction with economic circumstances, healthcare expenditure and residents giving up work or education to care)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652882/association-between-supplementary-private-health-insurance-and-visits-to-physician-offices-versus-hospital-outpatient-departments-among-adults-with-diabetes-in-the-universal-public-insurance-system
#3
Chang Hoon You, Ji Heon Choi, Sungwook Kang, Eun-Hwan Oh, Young Dae Kwon
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease with a high prevalence across the world as well as in South Korea. Most cases of diabetes can be adequately managed at physician offices, but many diabetes patients receive outpatient care at hospitals. This study examines the relationship between supplementary private health insurance (SPHI) ownership and the use of hospitals among diabetes outpatients within the universal public health insurance scheme. METHODS: Data from the 2011 Korea Health Panel, a nationally representative sample of Korean individuals, was used...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652816/the-emergency-medical-system-in-greece-opening-aeolus-bag-of-winds
#4
Ourania S Kotsiou, David S Srivastava, Panagiotis Kotsios, Aristomenis K Exadaktylos, Konstantinos I Gourgoulianis
An Emergency Medical Service (EMS) system must encompass a spectrum of care, with dedicated pre-hospital and in-hospital medical facilities. It has to be organised in such a way as to include all necessary services—such as triage accurate initial assessment, prompt resuscitation, efficient management of emergency cases, and transport to definitive care. The global economic downturn has had a direct effect on the health sector and poses additional threats to the healthcare system. Greece is one of the hardest-hit countries...
April 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652770/psychiatric-services-and-the-homeless-changing-the-paradigm
#5
Ira D Glick, Mark Olfson
Given the changes in our society and worldwide massive migrations across borders, this article argues that we need to change the paradigm of how we think about "the homeless," that is, to rethink our approach to not only those who cannot afford housing, the "economically homeless," but especially important also the larger group-those with chronic, serious medical-psychiatric-addictive disorders, the "medically/mentally ill homeless." We must place a greater emphasis on providing mental health services along with housing, legal, general medical, employment, and other services...
May 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651309/causes-of-differences-in-the-uptake-of-cardiac-implantation-electronic-devices-in-slovenia-in-comparison-to-other-countries
#6
Valentina Prevolnik Rupel, Renata Erker, Marko Divjak
Introduction: The purpose of this study is to analyse and present the causes of the differences in crude utilization rate in cardiac implantation electronic devices, specifically pacemakers and automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillators, across 5 European countries, with a specific emphasis on Slovenia. Methods: Based on the results of the analysis of the uptake of cardiac implantation electronic devices across countries studied in MedtecHTA project, the targeted interviews were conducted to explain the factors that impact the differences and explain data in Slovenia...
March 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650018/health-conditions-and-lifestyle-risk-factors-of-adults-living-in-puerto-rico-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Josiemer Mattei, Martha Tamez, Carlos F Ríos-Bedoya, Rui S Xiao, Katherine L Tucker, José F Rodríguez-Orengo
BACKGROUND: Puerto Rico is experiencing an economic and healthcare crisis, yet there are scarce recent and comprehensive reports on the population's health profile. We aimed to describe prevalent risk factors and health conditions of adults living in Puerto Rico and assess their interrelationship. METHODS: Participants (n = 380) aged 30-75y recruited from a 2015 convenience sample in primary care clinics in the San Juan, Puerto Rico metropolitan area answered cross-sectional interviewer-administered questionnaires on sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle behaviors, self-reported medically-diagnosed diseases, health services, and psychosocial factors...
April 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649904/economic-burden-of-treatment-failure-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-patients
#8
Song Wang, Marie-Hélène Lafeuille, Patrick Lefebvre, Hela Romdhani, Bruno Emond, Mekré Senbetta
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed healthcare costs of first-line treatment failure (TF) in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), a subtype of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. METHODS: Pre-diagnosis treatment-naïve adults with ≥2 CLL diagnoses initiated on an antineoplastic agent (index date) after their first CLL diagnosis with ≥12 and ≥6 months of continuous observation pre- and post-index, respectively, were selected from the Truven Health MarketScan® Research Databases...
April 12, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649285/cost-of-gastroenteritis-in-australia-a-healthcare-perspective
#9
S Fiona Barker, Ella Zomer, Joanne O'Toole, Martha Sinclair, Katherine Gibney, Danny Liew, Karin Leder
BACKGROUND: Acute gastroenteritis illness is a common illness that causes considerable morbidity, but current estimates of the cost to the Australian healthcare system are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the current healthcare utilisation and direct public healthcare system costs attributable to acute gastroenteritis illness in Australia. METHODS: This is an incidence-based cost-of-illness study focused on quantifying direct health care costs using a bottom-up approach...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649226/assessing-the-efficacy-of-fathead-minnows-pimephales-promelas-for-mosquito-control
#10
Ryan T Watchorn, Thomas Maechtle, Bradley C Fedy
Mosquitoes function as important vectors for many diseases globally and can have substantial negative economic, environmental, and health impacts. Specifically, West Nile virus (WNv) is a significant and increasing threat to wildlife populations and human health throughout North America. Mosquito control is an important means of controlling the spread of WNv, as the virus is primarily spread between avian and mosquito vectors. This is of particular concern for avian host species such as the Greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus), in which WNv negatively impacts fitness parameters...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648944/parents-concerns-regarding-the-growth-characteristics-of-their-adolescents-a-qualitative-inquiry-in-iran
#11
Mohammad Ali Cheraghi, Parvaneh Rezasoltani, AbouAli Vedadhir, Ziba Taghizadeh, Seyyed Hossein Samadanifard
In recent times, parents have become increasingly concerned, both subjectively and objectively, about their adolescents' body height/weight growth. Parent-adolescent interactions about this issue and the potential socio-psychological consequences of such interactions should be considered as an important influencing factor on the future of adolescents' sexual and reproductive health. To achieve a greater understanding of such concerns, it is necessary to further elucidate parents' experiences on this topic, so as to expand the existing literature...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648594/active-case-finding-for-communicable-diseases-in-prison-settings-increasing-testing-coverage-and-uptake-among-the-prison-population-in-the-european-union-european-economic-area
#12
Lara Tavoschi, Hilde Vroling, Giordano Madeddu, Sergio Babudieri, Roberto Monarca, Marije Vonk Noordegraaf-Schouten, Netta Beer, Joana Gomes Dias, Éamonn O'Moore, Dagmar Hedrich, Anouk Oordt-Speets
Prison populations are disproportionally affected by communicable diseases when compared with the general community because of a complex mix of socioeconomic determinants and environmental factors. Tailored and adequate health care provision in prisons has the potential to reach vulnerable and underserved groups and address their complex needs. We investigated the available evidence on modalities and effectiveness of active case-finding interventions in prisons by searching PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for records on prison and active case finding with no language limit...
April 10, 2018: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643263/health-state-utilities-for-patient-s-current-health-from-bipolar-type-i-disorder
#13
Masoumeh Banihashemian, Arash Rashidian, Faeze Gholamian, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Najmeh Moradi, Homayoun Amini
BACKGROUND: Bipolar Type I Disorder (BID) is a disabling mental disorder among young adults that places enormous psychological, social, and economic burdens on patients, their families, and health care systems and decreases quality of life (QOL). Few studies have investigated the quality-adjusted life-years (QALY), health state preferences, and utilities in patients with BID. AIM OF STUDY: The aim of this study was to elicit health state utilities for current health among a sample of individuals with BID irrespective of their clinical conditions at the time of evaluation...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642905/high-use-of-private-providers-for-first-healthcare-seeking-by-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-in-yangon-myanmar
#14
Sucitro Dwijayana Sidharta, Jason Dean-Chen Yin, Joanne Su-Yin Yoong, Mishal Sameer Khan
BACKGROUND: Drug resistance is a growing challenge to tuberculosis (TB) control worldwide, but particularly salient to countries such as Myanmar, where the health system is fragmented across the public and private sector. A recent systematic review has identified a critical lack of evidence for local policymaking, particularly in relation to drivers of drug-resistance that could be the target of preventative efforts. To address this gap from a health systems perspective, our study investigates the healthcare-seeking behavior and preferences of recently diagnosed patients with drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB), focusing on the use of private versus public healthcare providers...
April 11, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642858/vaginal-birth-after-caesarean-versus-elective-repeat-caesarean-delivery-after-one-previous-caesarean-section-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-in-four-european-countries
#15
Maaike Fobelets, Katrien Beeckman, Gilles Faron, Déirdre Daly, Cecily Begley, Koen Putman
BACKGROUND: The OptiBIRTH study incorporates a multicentre cluster randomised trial in 15 hospital sites across three European countries. The trial was designed to test a complex intervention aimed at improving vaginal birth after caesarean section (VBAC) rates through increasing women's involvement in their care. Prior to developing a robust standardised model to conduct the health economic analysis, an analysis of a hypothetical cohort was performed to estimate the costs and health effects of VBAC compared to elective repeat caesarean delivery (ERCD) for low-risk women in four European countries...
April 11, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642656/socio-economic-disparities-and-difficulties-to-access-to-healthcare-services-among-canadian-children-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders-and-disabilities
#16
Sana Raouafi, Sofiane Achiche, Maxime Raison
Objectives: The aim of this study is to identify the association between levels of severity of nurodevelopmental disorders and disabilities (NDD/D) in children, their household socio-economic status (SES), and the frequency of visits to a healthcare provider; and (2) to examine how the severity of disability differs with these determinants among NDD/D subgroups, to make a social policy change and improve access to health care system. Methods: The data from the 2006 Participation and Activity Limitation Survey (PALS) on children (5-14y), collected by Statistics Canada, was analyzed (n= 7,072 and weighted n = 340,340)...
March 29, 2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629365/physiotherapy-in-bangladesh-inequality-begets-inequality
#17
Firoz Ahmed Mamin, Rieke Hayes
Background: The demand for health services in developing countries often outweighs provision. This article describes the present condition of physiotherapy in Bangladesh. Physiotherapy is not recognized as a profession by the government. There is no single registration and regulation body. The health-related and economic benefits of physiotherapy are not felt by the majority of Bangladeshi citizens. Areas covered: The burden of disease is changing, and Bangladesh needs a profession that specializes in physical rehabilitation to face these challenges...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629287/infrequent-use-of-medicinal-plants-from-india-in-snakebite-treatment
#18
REVIEW
Manali Sughosh Upasani, Sughosh Vishweshwar Upasani, Vishal Gokul Beldar, Chetana Gokul Beldar, Pranjal P Gujarathi
Snakes have fascinated humankind for millennia. Snakebites are a serious medical, social, and economic problem that are experienced worldwide; however, they are most serious in tropical and subtropical countries. The reasons for this are 1) the presence of more species of the most dangerous snakes, 2) the inaccessibility of immediate medical treatment, and 3) poor health care. The goal of this study was to collect information concerning rare, less utilized, and less studied medicinal plants. More than 100 plants were found to have potential to be utilized as anti-snake venom across India...
March 2018: Integrative Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628039/-economic-impact-of-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia
#19
David Cantarero Prieto
Increased life expectancy has had a corresponding socioeconomic impact due to the ageing population and, among other issues, has increased the incidence of diseases related to cognitive impairment, such as dementia. These changes particularly affect the most developed countries. Any analysis of economic costs aiming to study patients with health problems related to cognitive impairment or dementia should consider the reality of the distinct phases of these disorders and should be conducted from the perspective of the payer, that is, the publicly-funded healthcare system...
June 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627802/cost-effectiveness-of-insulin-pumps-compared-with-multiple-daily-injections-both-provided-with-structured-education-for-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-a-health-economic-analysis-of-the-relative-effectiveness-of-pumps-over-structured-education-repose-randomised
#20
Daniel John Pollard, Alan Brennan, Simon Dixon, Norman Waugh, Jackie Elliott, Simon Heller, Ellen Lee, Michael Campbell, Hasan Basarir, David White
OBJECTIVES: To assess the long-term cost-effectiveness of insulin pumps and Dose Adjustment for Normal Eating (pumps+DAFNE) compared with multiple daily insulin injections and DAFNE (MDI+DAFNE) for adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in the UK. METHODS: We undertook a cost-utility analysis using the Sheffield Type 1 Diabetes Policy Model and data from the Relative Effectiveness of Pumps over Structured Education (REPOSE) trial to estimate the lifetime incidence of diabetic complications, intervention-based resource use and associated effects on costs and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs)...
April 7, 2018: BMJ Open
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