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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090471/hair-zinc-level-analysis-and-correlative-micronutrients-in-children-presenting-with-malnutrition-and-poor-growth
#1
Tae Hwan Han, Jin Lee, Yong Joo Kim
PURPOSE: Zinc deficiency can induce serious clinical problems in the gastrointestinal (GI) system and immune system and can affect growth and development. It is more severe in younger patients. Chronic zinc deficiency is reflected more precisely in hair than in serum. We studied hair zinc levels and other hair and serum micronutrients in chronic malnourished children to identify which micronutrients are affected or correlated with the other ones. METHODS: Hair mineral analyses were performed in 56 children (age, 1-15 years) presenting with malnutrition, poor growth, poor appetite, anorexia, with/without other GI symptoms (diarrhea, abdominal pain, constipation) from August 2012 to March 2015...
December 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078918/dietary-practices-of-children-and-adolescents-with-down-syndrome
#2
Marina Lummertz Magenis, Alessandra Gonçalves Machado, Angela Martinha Bongiolo, Marco Antonio da Silva, Kamila Castro, Ingrid Dalira Schweigert Perry
The aim of this study was to assess dietary intake, breastfeeding history, weight at birth and current weight in children and adolescents with Down syndrome (DS). Therefore, a cross-sectional, controlled study with 19 DS participants and 19 controls without DS matched by gender and age was performed. Except for vitamin D, a lower or the same frequency of insufficient intake in other micronutrients was noted in participants compared with controls. The DS group had a reduced exclusive breastfeeding duration and increased carbohydrate and caloric intake...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078791/effects-of-stem-cell-transplantation-on-bone-mineral-density-and-vitamin-d-status-in-children-with-thalassemia-major
#3
Dilek Gürlek Gökçebay, Namik Ozbek, Arzu Yazal Erdem, Vildan Culha, Nese Yarali, Pamir Isik, Zekai Avci, Fatih Azik, Fatma Demirel, Bahattin Tunc
HSCT is a curative treatment in TM, but conditioning and immunosuppressive treatment may affect bone metabolism. In this retrospective study, we aimed to compare BMD, vitamin D status, and growth in children with TM who underwent HSCT to those in children with TD TM. Twenty-three children with TM who underwent HSCT (mean age 7.1 years [1.03-14.7]) and 24 children with TD thalassemia (mean age 9.8 years [1.6-14]) were recruited. Lumbar spine BMD of TD thalassemia patients was higher than those in patients who had HSCT at both baseline and second-year assessments (P=...
January 12, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077342/can-stoss-therapy-be-used-in-children-with-vitamin-d-deficiency-or-insufficiency-without-rickets
#4
Cemil Koçyiğit, Gönül Çatlı, Gülberat İnce, Elif Büşra Özkan, Bumin Nuri Dündar
OBJECTIVE: Stoss treatment has also been suggested due to non-skeletal benefits of vitamin D in adults, but no sufficient data are present about the optimal dose of vitamin D replacement in children with vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency without rickets. This study aimed to compare efficiency/side effects of two different stoss therapy regimens (10.000 IU/kg and 300.000 IU vitamin-D3) administered in children with vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency without rickets. METHODS: Sixty-four children who had vitamin-D deficiency/insufficiency were studied...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067591/association-between-vitamin-d-receptor-polymorphism-and-serum-vitamin-d-levels-in-children-with-low-energy-fractures
#5
Michal Karpiński, Anna Galicka, Robert Milewski, Janusz Popko, Vladimir Badmaev, Sidney J Stohs
OBJECTIVE: Fractures of bones, especially forearm fractures, are very common in children and their number is increasing. This study was designed to determine the impact of vitamin D serum levels and vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphisms on the occurrence of low-energy fractures in children. METHODS: The study group consisted of 100 children with clinically relevant bone fractures and a control group consisted of 127 children without fractures. Total vitamin D [25(OH)D3 plus 25(OH)D2] serum concentrations were evaluated in every patient...
January 9, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064271/vitamin-d-deficiency-and-parathyroid-response-in-critically-ill-children-authors-reply
#6
Satish K Shah, Rakesh Lodha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064270/vitamin-d-deficiency-and-parathyroid-response-in-critically-ill-children
#7
Anirban Mandal, Puneet Kaur Sahi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058102/prevalence-demographic-characteristics-and-associated-risk-factors-of-malnutrition-among-0-5-aged-children-a-cross-sectional-study-from-van-eastern-turkey
#8
Baran Serdar Kizilyildiz, Bülent Sönmez, Kamuran Karaman, Burhan Beger, Adnan Mercen, Süleyman Alioglu, Yasar Cesur
Malnutrition in childhood is a dramatic indicator of poor socio-economical status worldwide. To recognize and reveal the socio-demographic features is crucial, especially for developing countries. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence and association with sociodemographic variables of malnutrition in 0-5 years old children in Van, Turkey. A total of 702 children are included in this cross-sectional study. Demographic features of subject including age, gender, family characteristics and other data were obtained...
November 17, 2016: Pediatric Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056273/-study-on-the-contribution-rate-of-follow-up-formula-to-the-nutrient-intake-of-infants-and-young-children-aged-7-24-months-in-china
#9
H Z Li, H X Jia, D Liang, T T Deng, L T Niu, J H Han
Objective: To determine the contribution of follow-up formula (FUF) to the nutrient intake of 7-24-month-old infants and young children. Methods: The cluster random sampling method and the convenience sampling method were used in combination, and geographic and economic factors were taken into consideration. Four areas of China (Beijing, Hebei, Guangxi, Guangdong) were selected, with 120 infants chosen from each of these areas (half of which were 7-12 months old, and half were 13-24 months old). A dietary survey was completed by a continuous 24-hour weighing method over two days...
January 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053376/vitamin-d-deficiency-among-pediatric-osteoarticular-tuberculosis-patients
#10
Pradeep Kumar Dabla, Anil Agarwal, Madhusudan Mishra, Shikha Sharma
OBJECTIVES: We prospectively investigated serum 25 hydroxy vitamin D concentrations in children suffering from osteoarticular tuberculosis. The age or sex correlation to vitamin D levels in affected subjects was also calculated. METHODS: Twenty five untreated children with osteoarticular tuberculosis were taken as cases along with equal number of age and sex matched 'healthy' controls. The following laboratory references for defining the vitamin D status were used (<30 nmol/L = deficiency; 30-75 nmol/L = insufficiency; > 75 nmol/L = sufficiency)...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052885/a-micronutrient-fortified-young-child-formula-improves-the-iron-and-vitamin-d-status-of-healthy-young-european-children-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-trial
#11
Marjolijn D Akkermans, Simone Rbm Eussen, Judith M van der Horst-Graat, Ruurd M van Elburg, Johannes B van Goudoever, Frank Brus
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency (ID) and vitamin D deficiency (VDD) are common among young European children because of low dietary intakes and low compliance to vitamin D supplementation policies. Milk is a common drink for young European children. Studies evaluating the effect of milk fortification on iron and vitamin D status in these children are scarce. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the effect of a micronutrient-fortified young-child formula (YCF) on the iron and vitamin D status of young European children...
January 4, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049269/nutrient-intake-and-dietary-patterns-in-children-2-5-5-years-of-age-with-picky-eating-behaviours-and-low-weight-for-height
#12
Sheri Volger, Xiaoyang Sheng, Ling M Tong, Dongmei Zhao, Ting Fan, Feng Zhang, John Ge, Wing Man Ho, Nicholas P Hays, Manjiang P Yao
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Picky eating behaviours are common in young children and may adversely affect dietary intake. This study examined the adequacy of dietary patterns and nutrient intake in preschool-aged children in China and Hong Kong with picky eating behaviours and weight-for-height in the lowest quartile of the WHO Growth Standards. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Dietary intake was assessed using baseline 3-day food records from a multicenter, randomized trial in Chinese children (N=151) ages 2...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038884/photoprotection-in-specific-populations-children-and-people-of-color
#13
Tania Cestari, Kesha Buster
Improved education on appropriate photoprotection in children is vital. Photoprotection for these individuals should include seeking shade, the use of physical agents (clothing, hat, sunglasses), and application of sunscreens on exposed areas. Avoidance of the use of tanning beds is an important component of education for teenagers. Ultraviolet radiation exposure induces DNA damage and photoaging in all skin types, including people of color. The extent of such damage is inversely related to constitutive skin pigmentation...
December 23, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031546/sunlight-exposure-and-vitamin-d-status-in-breastfed-infants
#14
Pinky Meena, Aashima Dabas, Dheeraj Shah, Rajeev Kumar Malhotra, S V Madhu, Piyush Gupta
OBJECTIVE: To correlate the sunlight exposure in first 6 months to vitamin D status at 6 months of age in predominantly breastfed infants; and to quantify the sunlight exposure required to achieve serum 25(OH)D level > 20 ng/mL, by 6 months of age. DESIGN: Prospective cohort. SETTING: Tertiary care hospital predominantly catering to urban poor population in Delhi. PARTICIPANTS: 132 healthy infants, delivered at term, and predominantly breastfed were enrolled at 6-8 weeks of age...
December 5, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028397/vitamin-d-status-insulin-resistance-leptin-to-adiponectin-ratio-in-adolescents-results-of-a-1-year-lifestyle-intervention
#15
Christine Rambhojan, Laurent Larifla, Josiane Clepier, Elodie Bouaziz-Amar, Fritz-Line Velayoudom-Cephise, Anne Blanchet-Deverly, Christophe Armand, Jean Plumasseau, Jean-Marc Lacorte, Lydia Foucan
AIM: We aimed to study the relationships between circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], insulin resistance and leptin-to-adiponectin (L/A) ratio in Guadeloupean children and adolescents and to analyse the changes in 25(OH)D levels after a 1-year lifestyle intervention program. METHODS: 25(OH)D concentrations were measured via a chemiluminescence assay. Cardiometabolic risk factors, homoeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and adipokines were measured...
December 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027916/vitamin-d-in-saudi-arabia-prevalence-distribution-and-disease-associations
#16
REVIEW
Nasser M Al-Daghri
More than 33 years have passed since the first paper highlighting vitamin D deficiency as a public health concern in Saudi Arabia was published in 1983. Despite "early" detection,it wasn't until the year 2010 where the interest in vitamin D research grew exponentially worldwide and was finally visible in Saudi clinical and academic areas. Since then,many landmark studies have been generated with regards to the physiologic functions of vitamin D,both skeletal and extra-skeletal. This review is limited to the prevalence,distribution A systematic review on the prevalence studies done in KSA from 2011 to 2016 was done and revealed that the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency (<50nmol/l) in Saudi Arabia among different populations (adults,children and adolescents,newborns and pregnant/lactating women) is 81...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027915/developmental-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-autism-putative-pathogenic-mechanisms
#17
REVIEW
Asad Ali, Xiaoying Cui, Darryl Eyles
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disease that presents in early life. Despite a considerable amount of studies, the neurobiological mechanisms underlying autism remain obscure. Both genetic and environmental factors are involved in the development of autism. Vitamin D deficiency is emerging as a consistently reported risk factor in children. One reason for the prominence now being given to this risk factor is that it would appear to interact with several other epidemiological risk factors for autism. Vitamin D is an active neurosteroid and plays crucial neuroprotective roles in the developing brain...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027627/association-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-with-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-children-implications-for-the-asia-pacific-region
#18
Indah K Murni, Dian C Sulistyoningrum, Vicka Oktaria
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D deficiency significantly affects cardiovascular disease risk. Cardiovascular disease is epidemic in nature. Because the prevalence of cardiovascular disease has been increasing in children, it has been changing from an adulthood disease to a childhood disease. Therefore, formulating an effective prevention strategy against cardiovascular disease development in children is crucial. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: From PubMed, we identified and reviewed studies evaluating the association of vitamin D deficiency with cardiovascular disease risk in children...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025694/low-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-irish-toddlers-despite-northerly-latitude-and-a-high-prevalence-of-inadequate-intakes
#19
Carol Ní Chaoimh, Elaine K McCarthy, Jonathan O'B Hourihane, Louise C Kenny, Alan D Irvine, Deirdre M Murray, Mairead E Kiely
PURPOSE: While reports of inadequate vitamin D intakes among young children are widespread, data on the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency are inconsistent. We aimed to quantify vitamin D intake and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations in children aged 2 years in the prospective Cork BASELINE Birth Cohort Study. METHODS: Serum 25(OH)D was analysed using UPLC-MS/MS in 741 children living in Cork, Ireland (51°N). Two-day weighed food diaries were collected in 467 children, and 294 provided both a blood sample and a food diary...
December 26, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017448/25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentrations-asthma-and-eczema-in-childhood-the-generation-r-study
#20
Ilse I M Tromp, Oscar H Franco, Edith H van den Hooven, Annemieke C Heijboer, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Liesbeth Duijts, Johan C de Jongste, Henriëtte A Moll, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong
BACKGROUND & AIMS: A role of vitamin D in the development of respiratory and allergic disease in children remains unclear. It may be likely that vitamin D has an effect on airway inflammation, but only few studies examined the effect in children. We aimed to examine whether serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH) vitamin D) concentrations are associated with the fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO), airway interrupter resistance (Rint), physician diagnosed asthma ever, wheezing and eczema in a population-based cohort study in 6 year old children...
December 8, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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