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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344677/is-vitamin-d-deficiency-a-public-health-concern-for-low-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-literature-review
#1
Kevin D Cashman, Tony Sheehy, Colette M O'Neill
PURPOSE: Vitamin D deficiency has been receiving increasing attention as a potential public health concern in low and lower-middle income countries (LMICs), of which there are currently 83. We aimed to conduct a comprehensive systematic literature review (SLR) of available data on vitamin D status and prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in all 83 LMICs. METHODS: We followed the general methodology for SLRs in the area of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D. Highest priority was placed on identifying relevant population-based studies, followed by cross-sectional studies, and to a lesser extent case-control studies...
January 17, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342981/current-evidence-on-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-obese-children-what-does-the-evidence-from-saudi-arabia-tell-us
#2
Asma M Alaklabi, Naser A Alsharairi
Obesity and vitamin D deficiency represent major health problems among Saudi children, and have been linked to chronic diseases. Obese children are at risk of developing vitamin D deficiency, which appears to have negative influences on energy homeostasis, impeded bone mineralisation, insulin resistance and inflammation. Evidence supporting the association between vitamin D deficiency of obese children and metabolic syndrome has not specifically been studied in early childhood. The mechanisms through which vitamin D deficiency is associated with metabolic syndrome in obese children needs further elucidation...
January 15, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342407/vitamin-d-and-iron-deficiencies-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy
#3
C Le Roy, S Barja, C Sepúlveda, M L Guzmán, M Olivarez, M J Figueroa, M Alvarez
INTRODUCTION: Children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) are at a greater risk of malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies. Two deficiencies that we can study and treat are vitaminD (VD) and iron deficiencies; however, no studies have described these deficiencies in Chile. OBJECTIVE: To describe the status of VD and iron in patients with CP and evaluate the relationship with certain factors associated with deficiencies of these micronutrients. PATIENTS AND METHOD: We performed a descriptive, cross-sectional study including 69 patients aged between 2 and 21years, from two public hospitals...
January 13, 2018: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341053/-the-use-of-anticonvulsants-and-the-levels-of-folate-vitamin-b12-and-homocysteine
#4
D Dinç, P F J Schulte
BACKGROUND Patients with epilepsy who use anticonvulsants frequently show low levels of folate and vitamin B12 and high levels of homocysteine. Patients with bipolar disorder use some anticonvulsants as mood stabilisers.<br/> AIM: To determine whether some anticonvulsants lower folate and vitamin B12 and raise homocysteine levels.<br/> METHOD: Systematic literature search to determine the relation between the anticonvulsants valproic acid, carbamazepine, lamotrigine and topiramate on the one hand and blood levels of folate, vitamin B12 and homocysteine on the other hand...
2018: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338758/vitamin-d-status-and-dental-caries-in-healthy-swedish-children
#5
Johanna Gyll, Karin Ridell, Inger Öhlund, Pia Karlsland Åkeson, Ingegerd Johansson, Pernilla Lif Holgerson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338670/vitamin-a-and-vitamin-d-deficiencies-exacerbate-symptoms-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#6
Min Guo, Jiang Zhu, Ting Yang, Xi Lai, Yuxi Lei, Jie Chen, Tingyu Li
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to investigate the vitamin A (VA) and vitamin D (VD) levels in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and to determine whether co-deficiency of VA and VD exacerbates clinical symptoms in autistic children. METHODS: The Autism Behavior Checklist, Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS), and Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) were used to assess the symptoms of 332 children diagnosed as ASD. And the Gesell Developmental Scale (GDS) was used to evaluate neurodevelopment in children with ASD...
January 16, 2018: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333826/vitamin-d-deficiency-in-pediatric-clinical-practice
#7
Gustavo Cediel, Johanna Pacheco-Acosta, Carlos CastiUo-Durdn
INTRODUCTION: Vitamin D research suggests it has a role in disorders other than bone metabolism. OBJECTIVE: To update the information on vitamin D deficiency (VDD) in pediatric clinical disorders. METHODS: Search in virtual libraries, giving priority to clinical and longitudinal studies and meta-analyses on VDD in the pediatric age group published in the past 20 years. The terms "vitamin D deficiency", "children and adolescents" (both in Spanish and English) were used as search descriptors...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321080/prenatal-vitamin-d-status-and-offspring-s-growth-adiposity-and-metabolic-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Christina Santamaria, Wei Guang Bi, Line Leduc, Negar Tabatabaei, Prévost Jantchou, Zhong-Cheng Luo, François Audibert, Anne Monique Nuyt, Shu Qin Wei
In this systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies, we aimed to estimate the associations between prenatal vitamin D status and offspring growth, adiposity and metabolic health. We searched the literature in human studies on prenatal vitamin D status and offspring growth in PubMed, up to July 2017. Studies were selected according to their methodological quality and outcomes of interest (anthropometry, fat mass and diabetes in offspring). The inverse variance method was used to calculate the pooled mean difference (MD) with 95 % CI for continuous outcomes, and the Mantel-Haenszel method was used to calculate the pooled OR with 95 % CI for dichotomous outcomes...
January 11, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315663/circulating-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-nasopharyngeal-airway-metabolome-and-bronchiolitis-severity
#9
Kohei Hasegawa, Christopher J Stewart, Juan C Celedón, Jonathan M Mansbach, Courtney Tierney, Carlos A Camargo
Low circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels are a risk factor for acute respiratory infection (e.g., bronchiolitis) in children. However, little is known about the relation of circulating 25OHD with the many downstream functional molecules in target organs - such as the airway - and with clinical outcomes. In this prospective multicenter study of infants (age <1 year) hospitalized with bronchiolitis, we measured serum 25OHD levels and profiled the metabolome of 144 nasopharyngeal airway samples. Among 254 metabolites identified, we defined a set of 20 metabolites that are related to lower serum 25OHD and higher vitamin D-binding protein levels...
January 9, 2018: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314705/effect-of-enhanced-homestead-food-production-and-aquaculture-on-dietary-intakes-of-women-and-children-in-rural-cambodia-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Vashti Verbowski, Zaman Talukder, Kroeun Hou, Ly Sok Hoing, Kristina Michaux, Victoria Anderson, Rosalind Gibson, Kathy H Li, Larry D Lynd, Judy McLean, Tim J Green, Susan I Barr
The Cambodian diet is low in nutrient-dense animal-source foods. Enhanced homestead food production (EHFP) and aquaculture, which increase availability of nutrient-dense foods, are promising interventions to improve dietary intake. This study examined the effect of EHFP with or without aquaculture on dietary intake and prevalence of inadequate intake of select nutrients among women and children living in rural Cambodia, compared to controls. In a registered, cluster randomized controlled trial in Prey Veng, Cambodia, 10 households in each of 90 villages (n = 900) were randomized by village to receive EHFP, EHFP plus aquaculture, or control...
January 5, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302265/the-effect-of-low-dose-intravenous-bisphosphonate-treatment-on-osteoporosis-in-children-with-quadriplegic-cerebral-palsy
#11
Soon Jeong Moon, Young Min An, Soon Ki Kim, Young Se Kwon, Ji Eun Lee
Purpose: Quadriplegic children with cerebral palsy are more susceptible to osteoporosis because of various risk factors that interfere with bone metabolism. Pamidronate is effective for pediatric osteoporosis, but there are no guidelines for optimal dosage or duration of treatment in quadriplegic children with osteoporosis. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of low-dose pamidronate treatment in these patients. Methods: Ten quadriplegic patients on antiepileptic drugs (6 male, 4 female patients; mean age, 10...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301185/a-lack-of-association-between-vitamin-d-binding-protein-and-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentrations-in-pediatric-type-1-diabetes-without-microalbuminuria
#12
Hwa Young Kim, Young Ah Lee, Hae Woon Jung, Min Jeoung Gu, Ji Young Kim, Gyung Min Lee, Jieun Lee, Ju Young Yoon, Sei Won Yang, Choong Ho Shin
PURPOSE: Vitamin D deficiency is reported to be more common in type 1 diabetes patients and might be associated with the increased urinary loss of vitamin D binding protein (VDBP) consequent to impaired 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) circulation. We aimed to evaluate the possible increased urinary loss of VDBP, a correlation between VDBP and circulating 25(OH)D level, and risk factors influencing low vitamin D level in pediatric type 1 diabetes patients without microalbuminuria. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of subjects who visited Seoul National University Children's Hospital between January and March 2013...
December 2017: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299606/association-of-maternal-use-of-folic-acid-and-multivitamin-supplements-in-the-periods-before-and-during-pregnancy-with-the-risk-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-offspring
#13
Stephen Z Levine, Arad Kodesh, Alexander Viktorin, Lauren Smith, Rudolf Uher, Abraham Reichenberg, Sven Sandin
Importance: The association of maternal use of folic acid and multivitamin supplements before and during pregnancy with the risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in offspring is unclear. Objective: To examine the associations between the use of maternal folic acid and multivitamin supplements before and during pregnancy and the risk of ASD in offspring. Design, Setting, and Participants: A case-control cohort study of 45 300 Israeli children born between January 1, 2003, and December 31, 2007, were followed up from birth to January 26, 2015, for the risk of ASD...
January 3, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290348/total-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-increases-among-consumers-of-frozen-fruit-and-vegetables
#14
Maureen Storey, Patricia Anderson
OBJECTIVE: Consumption of fruits and vegetables (FV) remains lower than recommended by the 2015 to 2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. The aim of this study was to assess average FV and frozen FV consumption and the effect on nutrient intakes across sex and 10 age categories. METHODS: Nutrient intake from foods and consumption of FV were estimated using combined data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011 to 2014 and the Food Pattern Equivalents Database 2011 to 2012...
February 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290007/bone-geometry-quality-and-bone-markers-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Roberto Franceschi, Silvia Longhi, Vittoria Cauvin, Angelo Fassio, Giuseppe Gallo, Fiorenzo Lupi, Petra Reinstadler, Antonio Fanolla, Davide Gatti, Giorgio Radetti
Adults with Type 1 diabetes mellitus show a high risk of bone fracture, probably as a consequence of a decreased bone mass and microarchitectural bone alterations. The aim of the study was to investigate the potential negative effects of type 1 diabetes on bone geometry, quality, and bone markers in a group of children and adolescents. 96 children, mean age 10.5 ± 3.1 years, agreed to participate to the study. Bone geometry was evaluated on digitalized X-rays at the level of the 2nd metacarpal bone. The following parameters were investigated and expressed as SDS: outer diameter (D), inner diameter (d), cortical area (CA), and medullary area (MA)...
December 30, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284239/the-potential-impact-of-the-hypovitaminosis-d-on-metabolic-complications-in-obese-adolescents-preliminary-results
#16
Malgorzata Wojcik, Dominika Janus, Anna Kalicka-Kasperczyk, Krystyna Sztefko, Jerzy B Starzyk
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Vitamin D deficiency is common in obesity; however, its contribution in the development of metabolic complications remains uncertain. The aim of the study was to examine the relationships between vitamin D status and metabolic complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The results of blood pressure measurements, biochemical tests and ultrasound of the liver were compared in both groups. The study was conducted at the Children's University Hospital in Krakow, Poland...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282177/vitamin-d-deficiency-and-atopic-dermatitis-consider-disease-race-and-body-mass
#17
Kavita Darji, Courtney Tobin, Zachary T Bryan, Mathew Jansenn, Eric Armbrecht, Elaine Siegfried
Vitamin D deficiency causes rickets, but has been associated with various diseases, including atopic dermatitis (AD). This study analyzes serum vitamin D in pediatric medical center patients with AD and potential confounding factors. At Cardinal Glennon Children's Hospital, charts of 665 children with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels taken between 2009 and 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. Defining vitamin D deficiency as <20 ng/mL, neither average 25-hydroxyvitamin D nor deficiency prevalence varied among disease groups, except for cystic fibrosis (CF), which demonstrated significantly higher average vitamin D and lower deficiency prevalence...
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279788/diet-lung-function-and-asthma-exacerbations-in-puerto-rican-children
#18
Yueh-Ying Han, Erick Forno, Maria Alvarez, Angel Colón-Semidey, Edna Acosta-Perez, Glorisa Canino, Juan C Celedón
Changes in dietary patterns may partly explain the epidemic of asthma in industrialized countries. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between dietary patterns and lung function and asthma exacerbations in Puerto Rican children. This is a case-control study of 678 Puerto Rican children (ages 6-14 years) in San Juan (Puerto Rico). All participants completed a respiratory health questionnaire and a 75-item food frequency questionnaire. Food items were aggregated into 7 groups: fruits, vegetables, grains, protein, dairy, fats, and sweets...
December 1, 2017: Pediatric Allergy, Immunology, and Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274201/itraq-based-proteomic-analysis-reveals-protein-profile-in-plasma-from-children-with-autism
#19
Liming Shen, Kaoyuan Zhang, Chengyun Feng, Youjiao Chen, Shuiming Li, Javed Iqbal, Liping Liao, Yuxi Zhao, Jian Zhai
PURPOSE: Autism is a childhood neurological disorder with poorly understood etiology and pathology. This study is designed to identify differentially expressed proteins which might serve as potential biomarkers for autism. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We performed iTRAQ (isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation) analysis for normal and autistic children's plasma of the same age group. RESULTS: The results showed that 24 differentially expressed proteins were identified between autistic subjects and controls...
December 23, 2017: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273135/complex-relationships-between-vitamin-d-and-allergic-sensitization-among-puerto-rican-2-year-old-children
#20
Srimathi Kannan, Matthew S Perzanowski, Harish B Ganguri, Dolores Acevedo-Garcia, Luis M Acosta, Molly Spatcher, Adnan Divjan, Ginger L Chew
BACKGROUND: In the United States, Puerto Ricans have a higher prevalence of asthma than other Latino ethnicities. Low vitamin D levels for children living in northern climates could be a factor. OBJECTIVE: To assess serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] distributions (a marker of vitamin D) and associations among vitamin D, allergic sensitization, early wheeze, and home/demographic factors. METHODS: Puerto Rican infants born in New York City, with a maternal history of atopy, were enrolled in a birth cohort...
January 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
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