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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429909/association-between-maternal-vitamin-d-status-during-pregnancy-and-offspring-cognitive-function-during-childhood-and-adolescence
#1
Sargoor R Veena, Ghattu V Krishnaveni, Krishnamachari Srinivasan, Kotrangada P Thajna, Bhavya G Hegde, Catharine R Gale, Caroline Hd Fall
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Animal studies have demonstrated poor cognitive outcomes in offspring in relation to maternal vitamin D deficiency before and/or during pregnancy. Human studies linking maternal vitamin D status during pregnancy with offspring cognitive function are limited. We aimed to test the hypothesis that lower maternal vitamin D status during pregnancy is associated with poor offspring cognitive ability in an Indian population. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Cognitive function was assessed in children from the Mysore Parthenon birth cohort during childhood (age 9-10 years; n=468) and adolescence (age 13-14 years; n=472) using 3 core tests from the Kaufman Assessment Battery for children and additional tests measuring learning, long-term retrieval/ storage, short-term memory, reasoning, verbal fluency, visuo-spatial ability, and attention and concentration...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429367/can-type-1-diabetes-progression-be-halted-possible-role-of-high-dose-vitamin-d-and-omega-3-fatty-acids
#2
F Cadario, S Savastio, A M Rizzo, D Carrera, G Bona And C Ricordi
In Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) in children, close to the onset the requirements of insulin are often reduced. This represents a transient recovery of endogenous insulin secretion named "honeymoon" because transient and followed by a progressive decline in C-peptide secretion. This case report describes the effect of administration of high dose vitamin D and Ω-3 fatty acids on T1D progression in a 8-year-old child. At today after one year and a half from the onset of T1D, the subject shows a near-normal blood glucose with the administration of 1...
April 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426828/consumption-of-fortified-infant-foods-reduces-dietary-diversity-but-has-a-positive-effect-on-subsequent-growth-in-infants-from-sumedang-district-indonesia
#3
Aly Diana, Simonette R Mallard, Jillian J Haszard, Dwi Monik Purnamasari, Ikrimah Nurulazmi, Pratami D Herliani, Gaga I Nugraha, Rosalind S Gibson, Lisa Houghton
Stunting and underweight among under-five children in Indonesia are common, raising public health concerns. Whether inappropriate complementary feeding (CF) practices compromise optimal growth during late infancy in Indonesia is uncertain. Therefore we characterized and evaluated CF practices in Indonesian infants and investigated their relationship with subsequent growth. We enrolled breastfed infants at 6 months of age (n = 230); and followed them at 9 (n = 202) and 12 months of age (n = 190). We collected socio-demographic and anthropometric data and two-day in-home weighed food records...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421785/association-between-vitamin-d-levels-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-obese-children-and-adolescents
#4
Ali Gul, Samet Ozer, Resul Yılmaz, Ergun Sonmezgoz, Tuba Kasap, Sahin Takcı, Osman Demir
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Childhood obesity is associated with an increased risk of chronic disease. We aimed to determine the association between vitamin D deficiency and cardiovascular risks in obese children. METHOD: The studied children were selected from obese children who were followed up at obesity clinic, aged 6-17 years. Basic demographic information and laboratory data were collected retrospectively from hospital records. RESULTS: A total of 310 students (178 [57...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416062/-growing-pains-are-well-known-but-the-cause-remains-unclear
#5
Fie Brantbjerg Tinning, Lise Hestbæk, Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen
A common complaint from children is growing pains: a mild to severe pain located primarily in the legs and being most intense in evenings and during sleep. The diagnosis is based on the characteristics of the pain and careful clinical examination. The pain disappears as the child grows up. Research has suggested that the pain occurs more often in children who suffer from vitamin D deficiency, low bone density, low pain threshold, restless legs syndrome and in children who were breastfed for less than 40 days from birth...
April 17, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411961/nutrition-in-the-first-1000-days-and-respiratory-health-a-descriptive-review-of-the-last-five-years-literature
#6
REVIEW
E Verduci, A Martelli, V L Miniello, M Landi, B Mariani, M Brambilla, L Diaferio, D G Peroni
The aim of this paper is to discuss the current evidence regarding short and long-term health respiratory effects of nutrients and dietary patterns during the first 1000 days from conception. Population of interest included children from birth to two years and their mothers (during pregnancy and lactation). Studies were searched on MEDLINE® and Cochrane database, inserting individually and using the Boolean ANDs and ORs, 'nutrients', 'micronutrients', 'LC-PUFA', 'Mediterranean Diet', 'human milk', 'complementary food', 'pregnancy', 'respiratory disease', 'pulmonary disease', 'asthma', 'epigenetics', 'first 1000 days', 'maternal diet' and 'respiratory health'...
April 12, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404834/promotion-of-orange-fleshed-sweet-potato-increased-vitamin-a-intakes-and-reduced-the-odds-of-low-retinol-binding-protein-among-postpartum-kenyan-women
#7
Amy Webb Girard, Frederick Grant, Michelle Watkinson, Haile Selassie Okuku, Rose Wanjala, Donald Cole, Carol Levin, Jan Low
Background: Orange-fleshed sweet potato (OFSP) improves vitamin A (VA) status of young children; research with pregnant and lactating women is limited.Objective: We examined the effectiveness of the Mama SASHA (Sweetpotato Action for Security and Health in Africa) program to improve nutrition knowledge, diets, and nutritional status of pregnant and lactating women (PLW) in Western Kenya.Methods: Eight health facilities were allocated to the Mama SASHA intervention or comparison arms. PLW in intervention facilities received enhanced nutrition counseling at health clinics, were linked with community-based maternal support groups, and received vouchers for OFSP vine cuttings...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403955/french-prenatal-vitamin-d-recommended-supplementation-enough-or-not
#8
P-F Ceccaldi, H Pejoan, N Breau, D Diallo, G Ducarme, O Poujade, C Davitian, D Luton
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of current recommended vitamin D prenatal supplementation on blood cord 25(OH)D level in a French cohort and to determine population at risk of higher needs. DESIGN AND SETTING: An observational prospective study was conducted in teaching hospital including two large groups of newborns, one born after summer and another after winter period. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Three hundred and ninety-nine mother/newborns pairs were enrolled and blood cord results were available for 225 newborns in the post-summer group and 174 newborns in the post-winter group...
January 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403940/vitamin-d-replacement-in-children-adolescents-and-pregnant-women-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
REVIEW
Marlene Chakhtoura, Sara El Ghandour, Khaled Shawwa, Elie A Akl, Asma Arabi, Ziyad Mahfoud, Robert Habib, Hassan Hoballah, Ghada El Hajj Fuleihan
INTRODUCTION: Hypovitaminosis D affects one-third to two-thirds of children and pregnant women from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate in infants, children, adolescents and pregnant women, from the MENA region, the effect of supplementation with different vitamin D doses on the change in 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level reached, and other skeletal and non-skeletal outcomes. METHODS: This is a systematic review of randomized controlled trials of vitamin D supplementation conducted in the MENA region...
May 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401345/vitamin-d-in-european-children-statement-from-the-european-academy-of-paediatrics-eap
#10
Zachi Grossman, Adamos Hadjipanayis, Tom Stiris, Stefano Del Torso, Jean-Christophe Mercier, Arunas Valiulis, Raanan Shamir
Vitamin D is synthesized in human skin upon sun exposure and is also a nutrient. It regulates calcium and phosphate metabolism and is essential for the maintenance of bone health. Vitamin D supplementation during infancy, in order to prevent rickets, is universally accepted. Many human cell types carry vitamin D receptor, this being a drive for conducting studies on the possible association between vitamin D status and other diseases. Studies have affirmed that a considerable number of healthy European children may be vitamin D deficient, especially in high-risk groups (darker pigmented skin, living in areas with reduced sun exposure and other disorders)...
April 12, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401055/effect-of-the-baseline-vitamin-d-level-on-growth-outcome-in-pediatric-crohn-disease
#11
Eun Joo Lee, Jin Soo Moon, Jae Sung Ko, Hye Ran Yang, Ju Young Jang, Ju Whi Kim, Kyung Jae Lee
PURPOSE: Vitamin D deficiency is common in Crohn disease (CD). The aim of the study was to examine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and evaluate the association between vitamin D status and growth outcome in Korean pediatric CD patients. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 17 children younger than 18 years old diagnosed with CD were enrolled and their serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25[OH]D) was checked between 2011 and 2015. We categorized the patients into two groups, Group 1 and Group 2...
March 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399539/pigment-epithelium-derived-factor-declines-in-response-to-an-oral-glucose-load-and-is-correlated-with-vitamin-d-and-bmi-but-not-diabetes-status-in-children-and-young-adults
#12
Allison C Sylvetsky, Najy T Issa, Avinash Chandran, Rebecca J Brown, Hussam J Alamri, Gabriella Aitcheson, Mary Walter, Kristina I Rother
BACKGROUND: Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) is associated with obesity and diabetes complications in adults, yet little is known about PEDF in younger individuals. We investigated the relationship between PEDF and various metabolic biomarkers in young healthy volunteers (HV) and similar-aged patients with diabetes (type 1 and type 2). METHODS: A fasting blood sample was collected in 48 HV, 11 patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D), and 11 patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) 12-25 years of age...
April 11, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399423/bone-mineral-density-and-vitamin-d-concentration-the-challenges-in-taking-care-of-children-and-adolescents-infected-with-hiv
#13
Fabiana Bononi Carmo, Maria Teresa Terreri, Regina Célia de Menezes Succi, Suenia Vasconcelos Beltrão, Aida de Fátima Tomé Barbosa Gouvea, Erica Regina Cruz Paulino, Daisy Maria Machado
The increase in life expectancy for patients living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has resulted in health complications related to a chronic disease. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of bone mineral density (BMD) alterations and vitamin D concentrations in HIV-infected children and adolescents and to verify the variations in those parameters during a 12-month interval. METHODS: A prospective cohort study with a dual period of evaluation was conducted in 57 patients perinatally HIV-infected and one patient with sexual abuse in early infancy...
April 8, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393739/prenatal-exposure-to-vitamin-d-from-fortified-margarine-and-risk-of-fractures-in-late-childhood-period-and-cohort-results-from-222-000-subjects-in-the-d-tect-observational-study
#14
Mina Nicole Händel, Peder Frederiksen, Clive Osmond, Cyrus Cooper, Bo Abrahamsen, Berit L Heitmann
Prenatal low vitamin D may have consequences for bone health. By means of a nationwide mandatory vitamin D fortification programme, we examined the risk of fractures among 10-18-year-old children from proximate birth cohorts born around the date of the termination of the programme. For all subjects born in Denmark during 1983-1988, civil registration numbers were linked to the Danish National Patient Registry for incident and recurrent fractures occurring at ages 10-18 years. Multiplicative Poisson models were used to examine the association between birth cohort and fracture rates...
April 10, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390266/relationship-between-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-inflammatory-cytokines-in-paediatric-sickle-cell-disease
#15
Samuel Ademola Adegoke, Olufemi Samuel Smith, Adekunle D Adekile, Maria Stella Figueiredo
BACKGROUND: Alteration in the concentration of inflammatory cytokines may contribute to pathogenesis in sickle cell anaemia (SCA). Vitamin D may suppress pro-inflammatory cytokines and enhance anti-inflammatory cytokines. OBJECTIVE: To compare steady state levels of pro-and anti-inflammatory cytokines of Nigerian SCA children with age- and sex-matched healthy controls, and determine the relationship with 25-hydroxyvitamin-D (25-OHD). Effects of three months of vitamin D supplementation on cytokines of SCA children with suboptimal 25-OHD were also evaluated...
April 5, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389119/nutritional-status-among-adolescent-girls-in-children-s-homes-anthropometry-and-dietary-patterns
#16
Tone Berg, Christine Magala-Nyago, Per Ole Iversen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition is widespread among disadvantaged people in low-income countries like Uganda. Children and adolescents living in children's homes are considered an especially vulnerable group, and malnutrition among girls is of particular concern since it has intergenerational consequences. Virtually no information exists about the nutritional status of adolescent girls living in children's homes in Uganda. We therefore conducted a cross-sectional study to assess the nutritional status by evaluating anthropometric indicators, body composition and dietary patterns...
March 25, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388723/high-sclerostin-and-dickkopf-1-dkk-1-serum-levels-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Maria Felicia Faienza, Annamaria Ventura, Maurizio Delvecchio, Anna Fusillo, Laura Piacente, Gabriella Aceto, Graziana Colaianni, Silvia Colucci, Luciano Cavallo, Maria Grano, Giacomina Brunetti
Context: Childhood type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is associated with decreased bone mass. Sclerostin and dickkopf-1 (DKK-1) are Wnt inhibitors that regulate bone formation. Objective: To evaluate sclerostin and DKK-1 levels in T1DM children and to analyze the influence of glycemic control on bone health. Design and setting: Cross-sectional study conducted at a clinical research center. Participants: One hundred and six T1DM subjects (12...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387318/comparative-analysis-of-nutritional-guidelines-for-vitamin-d
#18
REVIEW
Roger Bouillon
Vitamin D is essential for calcium and bone homeostasis. Humans are largely dependent on UVB-radiation-induced photosynthesis of vitamin D, as few foods contain vitamin D. However, the same radiation that produces vitamin D is also carcinogenic, albeit with a long lag time, and causes DNA damage. In view of the increasing life expectancy, avoiding excessive sun exposure is prudent. Several groups of people have a shortfall between their requirements for vitamin D and their combined endogenous synthesis and intake from natural foods, and therefore need vitamin D supplementation...
April 7, 2017: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386818/potential-risk-factors-for-vitamin-d-levels-in-medium-and-long-term-use-of-antiepileptic-drugs-in-childhood
#19
Edibe Pempegül Yildiz, Şükran Poyrazoglu, Gonca Bektas, Aslı Derya Kardelen, Nur Aydinli
Antiepileptic drugs (AED) have potential side effects through vitamin-D. Prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency and potential risk factors for the longitudinal changes of vitamin D levels compared to its baseline levels under AED treatment were investigated in this study. This retrospective study includes patients whose AED therapy were started in only autumn months, between 2000 and 2014. Detailed assessment of neurologic diagnosis and brain MRI findings, ambulatory status, types and durations of AED treatment, and baseline bone health blood tests (vitamin-D, alkaline phosphatase, calcium, and phosphate levels) were obtained on all patients...
April 6, 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382877/common-genetic-variants-are-associated-with-lower-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentrations-across-the-year-among-children-at-northern-latitudes
#20
Rikke A Petersen, Lesli H Larsen, Camilla T Damsgaard, Louise B Sørensen, Mads F Hjorth, Rikke Andersen, Inge Tetens, Henrik Krarup, Christian Ritz, Arne Astrup, Kim F Michaelsen, Christian Mølgaard
In a longitudinal study including 642 healthy 8-11-year-old Danish children, we investigated associations between vitamin D dependent SNP and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations across a school year (August-June). Serum 25(OH)D was measured three times for every child, which approximated measurements in three seasons (autumn, winter, spring). Dietary and supplement intake, physical activity, BMI and parathyroid hormone were likewise measured at each time point. In all, eleven SNP in four vitamin D-related genes: Cytochrome P450 subfamily IIR1 (CYP2R1); 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase/nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide synthetase-1(DHCR7/NADSYN1); group-specific complement (GC); and vitamin D receptor were genotyped...
April 6, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
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