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Schema therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035800/exploring-mechanisms-of-change-in-schema-therapy-for-chronic-depression
#1
Fritz Renner, Robert DeRubeis, Arnoud Arntz, Frenk Peeters, Jill Lobbestael, Marcus J H Huibers
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The underlying mechanisms of symptom change in schema therapy (ST) for chronic major depressive disorder (cMDD) have not been studied. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of two potentially important mechanisms of symptom change, maladaptive schemas (proxied by negative idiosyncratic core-beliefs) and the therapeutic alliance. METHODS: We drew data from a single-case series of ST for cMDD. Patients with cMDD (N = 20) received on average 78 repeated weekly assessments over a course of up to 65 individual sessions of ST...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023992/therapy-related-chronic-myelomonocytic-leukemia-cmml-molecular-cytogenetic-and-clinical-distinctions-from-de-novo-cmml
#2
Mrinal M Patnaik, Rangit Vallapureddy, Fevzi F Yalniz, Curtis A Hanson, Rhett P Ketterling, Terra L Lasho, Christy Finke, Aref Al-Kali, Naseema Gangat, Ayalew Tefferi
Therapy related myeloid neoplasms (t-MN) including therapy related myelodysplastic syndromes (t-MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (t-AML) are associated with aggressive disease biologies and poor outcomes. In this large (n=497) and informative (inclusive of molecular and cytogenetic information) chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) patient cohort, we demonstrate key biological insights and an independent prognostic impact for t-CMML. T-CMML was diagnosed in 9% of patients and occurred approximately 7 years after exposure to prior chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy...
October 11, 2017: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988711/in%C3%A2-vivo-selection-of-a-computationally-designed-schema-aav-library-yields-a-novel-variant-for-infection-of-adult-neural-stem-cells-in-the-svz
#3
David S Ojala, Sabrina Sun, Jorge L Santiago-Ortiz, Mikhail G Shapiro, Philip A Romero, David V Schaffer
Directed evolution continues to expand the capabilities of complex biomolecules for a range of applications, such as adeno-associated virus vectors for gene therapy; however, advances in library design and selection strategies are key to develop variants that overcome barriers to clinical translation. To address this need, we applied structure-guided SCHEMA recombination of the multimeric adeno-associated virus (AAV) capsid to generate a highly diversified chimeric library with minimal structural disruption...
September 8, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959500/phase-1-study-of-inotuzumab-ozogamicin-combined-with-r-gdp-for-the-treatment-of-patients-with-relapsed-refractory-cd22-b-cell-non-hodgkin-lymphoma
#4
Randeep Sangha, Andrew Davies, Nam H Dang, Michinori Ogura, David A MacDonald, Revathi Ananthakrishnan, M Luisa Paccagnella, Erik Vandendries, Joseph Boni, Yeow Tee Goh
Objective: To evaluate safety, tolerability, and preliminary activity of inotuzumab ozogamicin (InO) plus rituximab, gemcitabine, dexamethasone, and cisplatin (R-GDP) in patients with relapsed/refractory CD22+ B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Methods: Patients received InO plus R-GDP (21-day cycle; six-cycle maximum) using up-and-down dose-escalation schema for gemcitabine and cisplatin to define the highest dosage regimen(s) with acceptable toxicity (Part 1; n = 27). Part 2 (n = 10) confirmed safety and tolerability; Part 3 (n = 18) evaluated preliminary efficacy...
2017: Journal of drug assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919394/concomitant-chemotherapy-and-radiotherapy-with-sbrt-boost-for-unresectable-stage-iii-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-phase-i-study
#5
Kristin A Higgins, Rathi N Pillai, Zhengjia Chen, Sibo Tian, Chao Zhang, Pretesh Patel, Suchita Pakkala, Jay Shelton, Seth D Force, Felix G Fernandez, Conor E Steuer, Taofeek K Owonikoko, Suresh S Ramalingam, Jeffrey D Bradley, Walter J Curran
PURPOSE: Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) is now the standard of care in medically inoperable stage I non-small cell lung cancer, yielding high rates of local control. It is unknown if SBRT can be safely utilized in the locally advanced NSCLC setting. This multi-institution phase I study evaluated the safety of 44 Gy conventionally fractionated thoracic radiation with concurrent chemotherapy plus a dose escalated SBRT boost to both the primary tumor and involved mediastinal lymph nodes...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833873/early-maladaptive-schemas-associated-with-dimensional-and-categorical-psychopathology-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#6
Álvaro Frías, Sara Navarro, Carol Palma, Núria Farriols, Ferrán Aliaga, Ana Salvador, Elena Aluco, Bárbara Martínez, Laia Solves
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the foundations for a schema-focused therapy model for the treatment of borderline personality disorder. METHODS: The sample consisted of 102 borderline personality disorder outpatients. Dimensional psychopathology was assessed using the Scale for Suicidal Ideation, the Aggression Questionnaire, and the Symptom CheckList Revised. Categorical psychopathology was measured using the structured clinical interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition Axis I Disorders, Patient Edition...
August 17, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799876/melanoma-brain-metastasis-the-impact-of-stereotactic-radiosurgery-braf-mutational-status-and-targeted-and-or-immune-based-therapies-on-treatment-outcome
#7
Rupesh Kotecha, Jacob A Miller, Vyshak A Venur, Alireza M Mohammadi, Samuel T Chao, John H Suh, Gene H Barnett, Erin S Murphy, Pauline Funchain, Jennifer S Yu, Michael A Vogelbaum, Lilyana Angelov, Manmeet S Ahluwalia
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to investigate the impact of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), BRAF status, and targeted and immune-based therapies on the recurrence patterns and factors associated with overall survival (OS) among patients with melanoma brain metastasis (MBM). METHODS A total of 366 patients were treated for 1336 MBMs; a lesion-based analysis was performed on 793 SRS lesions. The BRAF status was available for 78 patients: 35 had BRAF (mut) and 43 had BRAF wild-type ( BRAF-WT) lesions. The Kaplan-Meier method evaluated unadjusted OS; cumulative incidence analysis determined the incidences of local failure (LF), distant failure, and radiation necrosis (RN), with death as a competing risk...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782433/relational-schemas-as-mediators-of-innovative-moments-in-symptom-improvement-in-major-depression
#8
João Batista, Joana Silva, Sara Freitas, Daniela Alves, Anabela Machado, Inês Sousa, Pablo Fernández-Navarro, Carina Magalhães, Miguel M Gonçalves
OBJECTIVES: Innovative moments (IMs) are exceptions to the maladaptive framework of meaning that typically motivates clients to seek psychotherapy, and previous studies have shown that IMs are associated with psychotherapy outcomes. While IMs are exceptions that occur at the level of the therapeutic conversation, relational schemas are more stable patterns, and their increased flexibility may facilitate change during psychotherapy. With this in mind, we tested the hypothesis that IMs contribute to outcomes by improving the flexibility of relational schemas...
August 5, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733263/consolidation-therapy-for-newly-diagnosed-pediatric-patients-with-high-risk-neuroblastoma-using-busulfan-melphalan-autologous-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-anti-gd2-antibody-granulocyte-macrophage-colony-stimulating-factor-interleukin-2-and-haploidentical
#9
Aimee C Talleur, Brandon M Triplett, Sara Federico, Ewelina Mamcarz, William Janssen, Jianrong Wu, David Shook, Wing Leung, Wayne L Furman
The treatment of pediatric high-risk neuroblastoma is intensive and multimodal. Despite the introduction of immunotherapy for minimal residual disease, survival rates remain suboptimal and new therapies are needed. As part of a phase 2 trial, we are using a consolidation therapy regimen that combines a busulfan/melphalan conditioning schema, autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (AHCT), and experimental immunotherapy with hu14.18K322A (a humanized anti-GD2 monoclonal antibody), granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), and IL-2, with or without the adoptive transfer of haploidentical natural killer cells (NKs)...
July 18, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655531/results-of-the-third-aieop-cooperative-protocol-on-wilms-tumor-tw2003-and-related-considerations
#10
Filippo Spreafico, Davide Biasoni, Salvatore Lo Vullo, Lorenza Gandola, Paolo D'Angelo, Monica Terenziani, Maurizio Bianchi, Massimo Provenzi, Paolo Indolfi, Andrea Pession, Marilina Nantron, Andrea Di Cataldo, Carlo Morosi, Daniela Perotti, Serena Catania, Franca Fossati Bellani, Paola Collini
PURPOSE: TW2003, the third Italian prospective study on Wilms tumor, aimed to improve survival in patients with stage III-IV tumors, de-escalate therapy for stage I-II nonanaplastic tumors, refine the risk stratification of therapy, and develop a national infrastructure for biobanking and central pathology review. MATERIALS AND METHODS: TW2003 recruited children 18 years old or younger with primary intrarenal tumors. Local physicians chose nephrectomy with or without preoperative chemotherapy as the initial treatment based on the risk of unsafe and/or incomplete immediate surgery...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628549/a-classification-system-to-guide-physical-therapy-management-in-huntington-disease-a-case-series
#11
Nora E Fritz, Monica Busse, Karen Jones, Hanan Khalil, Lori Quinn
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Individuals with Huntington disease (HD), a rare neurological disease, experience impairments in mobility and cognition throughout their disease course. The Medical Research Council framework provides a schema that can be applied to the development and evaluation of complex interventions, such as those provided by physical therapists. Treatment-based classifications, based on expert consensus and available literature, are helpful in guiding physical therapy management across the stages of HD...
July 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604277/validation-of-schema-coping-inventory-and-schema-mode-inventory-in-adolescents
#12
Marjolein F van Wijk-Herbrink, Jeffrey Roelofs, Nick J Broers, Marleen M Rijkeboer, Arnoud Arntz, David P Bernstein
This study investigated whether the schema therapy constructs of schema coping and schema modes have validity in adolescents. We examined the validity and reliability of the Schema Coping Inventory (SCI) and an 80-item version of the Schema Mode Inventory (SMI) in a mixed sample of adolescents. Confirmatory factor analyses showed that the first-order factor structures of the SCI and SMI were replicated, but that the hypothesized higher-order models of the SMI were not confirmed. Instead, we proposed an alternative higher-order model of Internalizing, Externalizing, Overachieving, and Healthy modes...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592975/prognostic-factors-and-treatment-of-pediatric-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#13
REVIEW
Jae Wook Lee, Bin Cho
The event-free survival (EFS) for pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) has shown remarkable improvement in the past several decades. In Korea also, a recent study showed 10-year EFS of 78.5%. Much of the improved outcome for pediatric ALL stems from the accurate identification of prognostic factors, the designation of risk group based on these factors, and treatment of appropriate duration and intensity according to risk group, done within the setting of cooperative clinical trials. The schema of first-line therapy for ALL remains mostly unchanged, although many groups have now reported on the elimination of cranial irradiation in all patients with low rates of central nervous system relapse...
May 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586264/practical-considerations-for-chimeric-antigen-receptor-design-and-delivery
#14
Robyn A A Oldham, Jeffrey A Medin
The development of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-modified immune cells has become a highly active field of research since the introduction of this approach in 1989. New ideas are constantly being proposed and tested, resulting in CARs that are more effective and specialized. Areas covered: Many aspects of CAR design and administration can be varied in order to achieve the best possible outcomes; optimization of this therapeutic schema is an active area of research. Here, the authors summarize the work that has been carried out thus far to assess different adaptations for each portion of the CAR itself...
June 16, 2017: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561665/new-classification-for-central-nervous-system-tumors-implications-for-diagnosis-and-therapy
#15
Christine E Fuller, David T W Jones, Mark W Kieran
The 2016 World Health Organization Classification of Tumors of the Central Nervous System (WHO 2016) represents a noteworthy divergence from prior classification schemas. This new classification introduced the concept of "integrated diagnoses" based on a marriage of both phenotypic (microscopic) and genotypic parameters, with the intended goals of improving diagnostic accuracy and patient management. The result is a major restructuring in many of the brain tumor categories, with the codification of multiple new tumor entities and subgroups...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555557/-psychological-treatments-for-borderline-personality-disorder-a-review-of-cognitive-behavioral-oriented-therapies
#16
REVIEW
Sofia Marques, Daniel Barrocas, Daniel Rijo
INTRODUCTION: Borderline personality disorder is the most common personality disorder, with a global prevalence rate between 1.6% and 6%. It is characterized by affective disturbance and impulsivity, which lead to a high number of self-harm behaviors and great amount of health services use. International guidelines recommend psychotherapy as the primary treatment for borderline personality disorder. This paper reviews evidence about the effects and efficacy of cognitive-behavioral oriented psychological treatments for borderline personality disorder...
April 28, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539464/phase-ib-pilot-study-to-evaluate-reparixin-in-combination-with-weekly-paclitaxel-in-patients-with-her-2-negative-metastatic-breast-cancer
#17
Anne F Schott, Lori J Goldstein, Massimo Cristofanilli, Pier Adelchi Ruffini, Susan McCanna, James M Reuben, Raymond P Perez, Giraldo Kato, Max Wicha
Purpose: Chemokine receptor 1 (CXCR1) is recognized as an actionable receptor selectively expressed by breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs). Reparixin is an investigational allosteric inhibitor of chemokine receptors 1 and 2 (CXCR1/2), and demonstrates activity against BCSCs in human breast cancer xenografts. This phase Ib clinical trial examined dose, safety, and pharmacokinetics of paclitaxel plus reparixin therapy, and explored effects of reparixin on BCSCs in patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) (trial registration ID: NCT02001974)...
September 15, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535084/impact-of-initial-csf-findings-on-outcome-among-patients-with-national-cancer-institute-standard-and-high-risk-b-cell-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-a-report-from-the-children-s-oncology-group
#18
Naomi Winick, Meenakshi Devidas, Si Chen, Kelly Maloney, Eric Larsen, Leonard Mattano, Michael J Borowitz, Andrew Carroll, Julie M Gastier-Foster, Nyla A Heerema, Cheryl Willman, Brent Wood, Mignon L Loh, Elizabeth Raetz, Stephen P Hunger, William L Carroll
Purpose To determine the prognostic significance of blasts, and of white and red blood cells, in CSF samples at diagnosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), a uniform CSF and risk group classification schema was incorporated into Children's Oncology Group B-cell ALL (B-ALL) clinical trials. Methods CSF status was designated as follows: CNS1, no blasts; CNS2a to 2c, < 5 WBCs/μL and blasts with/without ≥ 10 RBCs/μL or ≥ 5 WBCs/μL plus blasts, with WBCs ≥ 5 times the number of RBCs; CNS3a to 3c, ≥ 5 WBCs/μL plus blasts with/without ≥ 10 RBCs/μL or clinical signs of CNS disease...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527713/stability-or-instability-in-avoidant-personality-disorder-mode-fluctuations-within-schema-therapy-sessions
#19
Ofer Peled, Eran Bar-Kalifa, Eshkol Rafaeli
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Avoidant personality disorder (APD) is among the most prevalent personality disorders, but has received relatively little empirical attention. This study aims to characterize the frequency, intensity, and fluctuation patterns seen in the modes (self-states) of APD clients over the course of schema therapy (ST), a psychotherapy approach developed especially for personality disorders. METHOD: The newly-developed client mode rating scale (CMRS) was used to code every 5-min segment (n = 645) of 60 ST sessions...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524911/cancer-related-acute-pain-a-systematic-review-of-evidence-based-interventions-for-putting-evidence-into-practice
#20
Thiruppavai Sundaramurthi, Natalie Gallagher, Bethany Sterling
BACKGROUND: Identifying and implementing evidence-based interventions for cancer-related acute pain can decrease adverse effects and improve quality of life. 
. OBJECTIVES: This article presents current evidence supporting interventions to reduce cancer-related acute pain. 
. METHODS: PubMed and CINAHL® databases were searched to identify studies addressing interventions to manage acute pain in patients with cancer. The interventions are categorized according to the Putting Evidence Into Practice classification schema...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
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