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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912159/changes-in-the-self-during-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Bree Gregory, Lorna Peters
A consistent feature across cognitive-behavioural models of social anxiety disorder (SAD) is the central role of the self in the emergence and maintenance of the disorder. The strong emphasis placed on the self in these models and related empirical research has also been reflected in evidence-based treatments for the disorder. This systematic review provides an overview of the empirical literature investigating the role of self-related constructs (e.g., self-beliefs, self-images, self-focused attention) proposed in cognitive models of SAD, before examining how these constructs are modified during and following CBT for SAD...
November 23, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878966/risk-adapted-stratification-for-optimally-intensive-treatment-assignment-of-pediatric-patients-with-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-is-an-effective-strategy-in-developing-countries
#2
Asim F Belgaumi, Mohammed Anas, Khawar S Siddiqui, Mohammed F Akhter, Amani Al-Kofide
BACKGROUND: Pediatric patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in developing countries (DCs) present with greater tumor load even at lower stages and with comorbidities that impact therapy delivery. This causes toxic mortality with "standard" intensive protocols or recurrences with "gentler" treatment. OBJECTIVES: We developed and evaluated a risk stratification schema that guides intensity of therapy. DESIGN/METHODS: Sixty-nine patients were prospectively assigned to five risk groups (A-E; n = 6, 15, 16, 15, and 17) following staging and treated with protocols of risk-stratified intensity...
November 23, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862056/integrating-social-justice-into-the-practice-of-cbft-a-critical-look-at-family-schemas
#3
Elizabeth O Parker, Teresa McDowell
Many families come to therapy struggling with the negative consequence of social inequity. Family therapy modalities have been developed to address these negative consequences and attend to power and social equity (Transformative family therapy: Just families in a just society. Boston, MA: Pearson Education; Socio-emotional relationship therapy. New York, NY: Springer). We argue that many family therapy modalities can be adapted to include social equity (Applying critical social theory in family therapy practice...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844506/a-comparison-of-pre-dropout-and-temporary-rupture-sessions-in-psychotherapy
#4
I Volkan Gülüm, Gonca Soygüt, Jeremy D Safran
: Although numerous studies have investigated the relationship between the therapeutic alliance and dropout, most have focused on the relationship between alliance quality and psychotherapy outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To compare sessions with therapeutic alliance ruptures and two sessions prior to treatment dropout (pre-dropout) in terms of rupture subtypes, psychotherapists' behavior, attitudes, and session content. METHOD: We implemented quantitative methods to select the sessions and qualitative methods to analyze them...
November 15, 2016: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812733/specific-toxicity-after-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-to-the-central-chest-a%C3%A2-comprehensive-review
#5
REVIEW
Feras Oskan, Gerd Becker, Martin Bleif
The toxicity of stereotactic body radiation therapy in the central chest remains an unsettled issue. The collected data concerning the observed complications are poorly understood and are limited in their quantity and quality, thus hampering a precise delineation of treatment-specific toxicity. The majority of complications scored as toxicity grade 5, namely respiratory failure and fatal hemoptysis, are most likely related to multiple competing risks and occurred at different dose fractionation schemas, e...
November 3, 2016: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779289/-cost-effectiveness-of-psychotherapy-for-personality-disorders-a-systematic-review-on-economic-evaluation-studies
#6
P Wetzelaer, J Lokkerbol, A Arntz, A van Asselt, S Evers
So far, there has not been a complete overview of the cost-effectiveness of psychotherapy for patients with a personality disorder.<br/> AIM: To provide an overview of scientific literature on the cost-effectiveness of psychotherapy for patients with a personality disorder.<br/> METHOD: We reviewed the literature systematically, searching the NHS EED, PubMed and PsycINFO databases. We concentrated solely on full economic evaluations of treatments in which all patients had a personality disorder...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770282/platinum-salts-in-advanced-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#7
Fausto Petrelli, Sandro Barni, Giacomo Bregni, Filippo de Braud, Serena Di Cosimo
BACKGROUND: The interest in platinum salts in breast cancer (BC) therapy has been recently renewed as inhibition of DNA damage response may enhance the effects of DNA-damaging agents in BC tumors with high genomic instability. The present systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials were performed to assess the efficacy and safety of therapy with platinum salts in patients with locally advanced or metastatic (hereinafter advanced) BC. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, SCOPUS, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, and CINAHL for phase II/III clinical trials that assessed efficacy of platinum-based therapy in patients with advanced BC...
October 21, 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768128/developing-a-hypnotic-relaxation-intervention-to-improve-body-image-a-feasibility-study
#8
Alison Cieslak, Gary Elkins, Tanima Banerjee, Jessica Marsack, Kimberly Hickman, Alisa Johnson, Norah Henry, Debra Barton
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine the content, feasibility, and best outcome of a mind-body intervention involving self-directed hypnotic relaxation to target body image.
. DESIGN: A five-week, uncontrolled, unblinded feasibility intervention study.
. SETTING: Behavioral therapy offices in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and Waco, Texas.
. SAMPLE: 10 female breast cancer survivors and 1 breast and gynecologic cancer survivor...
November 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745720/-can-we-do-therapy-without-a-therapist-active-components-of-computer-based-cbt-for-depression
#9
G Iakimova, S Dimitrova, T Burté
OBJECTIVES: Computer-delivered Cognitive Behavioral Therapies (C-CBT) are emerging as therapeutic techniques which contribute to overcome the barriers of health care access in adult populations with depression. The C-CBTs provide CBT techniques in a highly structured format comprising a number of educational lessons, homework, multimedia illustrations and supplementary materials via interactive computer interfaces. Programs are often administrated with a minimal or regular support provided by a clinician or a technician via email, telephone, online forums, or during face-to-face consultations...
October 10, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717405/group-schema-therapy-versus-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder-with-comorbid-avoidant-personality-disorder-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Astrid Baljé, Anja Greeven, Anne van Giezen, Kees Korrelboom, Arnoud Arntz, Philip Spinhoven
BACKGROUND: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) with comorbid avoidant personality disorder (APD) has a high prevalence and is associated with serious psychosocial problems and high societal costs. When patients suffer from both SAD and APD, the Dutch multidisciplinary guidelines for personality disorders advise offering prolonged cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Recently there is increasing evidence for the effectiveness of schema therapy (ST) for personality disorders such as borderline personality disorder and cluster C personality disorders...
October 8, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683567/emotion-regulation-in-schema-therapy-and-dialectical-behavior-therapy
#11
Eva Fassbinder, Ulrich Schweiger, Desiree Martius, Odette Brand-de Wilde, Arnoud Arntz
Schema therapy (ST) and dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) have both shown to be effective treatment methods especially for borderline personality disorder. Both, ST and DBT, have their roots in cognitive behavioral therapy and aim at helping patient to deal with emotional dysregulation. However, there are major differences in the terminology, explanatory models and techniques used in the both methods. This article gives an overview of the major therapeutic techniques used in ST and DBT with respect to emotion regulation and systematically puts them in the context of James Gross' process model of emotion regulation...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650765/using-serum-urate-as-a-validated-surrogate-end-point-for-flares-in-patients-with-gout-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-regression-analysis
#12
Melanie B Morillon, Lisa Stamp, William Taylor, Jaap Fransen, Nicola Dalbeth, Jasvinder A Singh, Robin Christensen, Marissa Lassere
INTRODUCTION: Gout is the most common inflammatory arthritis in men over 40 years of age. Long-term urate-lowering therapy is considered a key strategy for effective gout management. The primary outcome measure for efficacy in clinical trials of urate-lowering therapy is serum urate levels, effectively acting as a surrogate for patient-centred outcomes such as frequency of gout attacks or pain. Yet it is not clearly demonstrated that the strength of the relationship between serum urate and clinically relevant outcomes is sufficiently strong for serum urate to be considered an adequate surrogate...
September 20, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629844/assessment-of-sequential-and-standard-triple-therapy-in-treatment-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-children-dependent-on-bacteria-sensitivity-to-antibiotics
#13
Barbara M Iwańczak, Agnieszka Borys-Iwanicka, Monika Biernat, Grażyna Gościniak
BACKGROUND: In the last decade a 10-day schema of sequential therapy of Helicobacter pylori infection based on proton pomp inhibitor (PPI), amoxicillin (AMO), clarithromycin (CLA) and metronidazole (MET) has been introduced. Many studies have emphasized greater efficacy of this therapy in comparison to the efficacy of the standard 7-day triple therapy (PPI + AMO + CLA or MET). OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the sequential and standard triple therapy...
July 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625603/intensive-treatment-with-ultrasound-visual-feedback-for-speech-sound-errors-in-childhood-apraxia
#14
Jonathan L Preston, Megan C Leece, Edwin Maas
Ultrasound imaging is an adjunct to traditional speech therapy that has shown to be beneficial in the remediation of speech sound errors. Ultrasound biofeedback can be utilized during therapy to provide clients with additional knowledge about their tongue shapes when attempting to produce sounds that are erroneous. The additional feedback may assist children with childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) in stabilizing motor patterns, thereby facilitating more consistent and accurate productions of sounds and syllables...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607323/the-clinical-spectrum-of-kaposiform-hemangioendothelioma-and-tufted-angioma
#15
Stacy E Croteau, Deepti Gupta
Kasposiform hemoangioendothelioma (KHE) and tufted angioma (TA) are classifed as vascular tumors with locally aggressive and benign growth potential, respectively, within the classification schema proposed by the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies. A unique feature of these vascular tumors is the risk of Kasabach-Merritt phenomenon (KMP), a severe thrombocytopenia with mild to moderate coagulopathy resulting from intralesional platelet trapping. As with many vascular anomalies, accurate description of clinical course, responses to therapy, and long-term outcomes have been hindered by lesion misidentification, imprecise nomenclature, and lack of prospective, randomized clinical trials to assess therapeutic efficacy...
September 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576548/cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-children-and-adolescents-can-attachment-theory-contribute-to-its-efficacy
#16
Guy Bosmans
Meta-analyses consistently demonstrate that cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) provides effective evidence-based treatment for children and adolescents with emotional and behaviour problems. Also consistent across meta-analyses is the observation that CBT treatment effects are often medium in size. This observation has instigated a search for factors that could help explain the limited treatment effects and that could be focused upon to enhance CBT treatment outcomes. The current qualitative review focuses on the parent-child attachment relationship as one factor that could be relevant to enhance CBT treatment effects...
August 30, 2016: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573409/schema-therapy-for-personality-disorders-a-qualitative-study-of-patients-and-therapists-perspectives
#17
Noor de Klerk, Tineke A Abma, Lotte L M Bamelis, Arnoud Arntz
BACKGROUND: Several studies have evaluated the (cost) effectiveness of schema therapy for personality disorders, but little research has been done on the perspectives of patients and therapists. AIM: The present study aims to explore patients' and therapists' perspectives on schema therapy. METHOD: Qualitative data were collected through in-depth semi-structured interviews with 15 patients and a focus group of 8 therapists. A thematic analysis was performed...
January 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508522/n-terminal-fragment-of-the-type-b-natriuretic-peptide-nt-probnp-contributes-to-a-simple-new-frailty-score-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-multiple-myeloma
#18
Paolo Milani, S Vincent Rajkumar, Giampaolo Merlini, Shaji Kumar, Morie A Gertz, Giovanni Palladini, Martha Q Lacy, Francis K Buadi, Suzanne R Hayman, Nelson Leung, David Dingli, John A Lust, Yi Lin, Prashant Kapoor, Ronald S Go, Yi L Hwa, Wilson I Gonsalves, Steven R Zeldenrust, Robert A Kyle, Angela Dispenzieri
Multiple myeloma (MM) patient frailty has been delineated primarily by age and ECOG performance score (PS) and recently by the IMWG frailty score based on functional status [Activity of Daily Living (ADL) and Instrumental-ADL scores], comorbidities [Charlson-comorbidity-index (CCI)] and age. It was hypothesized that N-terminal natriuretic peptide type B (NT-proBNP) might be both a more convenient measure of frailty and a predictor of overall survival (OS). Three-hundred and fifty-one consecutive symptomatic MM patients who were seen at Mayo Clinic within 30 days of diagnosis and who had blood stored were eligible...
November 2016: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471611/prioritization-schema-for-immunotherapy-clinical-trials-in-glioblastoma
#19
REVIEW
Tiffany R Hodges, Sherise D Ferguson, Hillary G Caruso, Gary Kohanbash, Shouhao Zhou, Timothy F Cloughesy, Mitchel S Berger, George H Poste, Mustafa Khasraw, Sujuan Ba, Tao Jiang, Tom Mikkelson, W K Alfred Yung, John F de Groot, Howard Fine, Lewis C Cantley, Ingo K Mellinghoff, Duane A Mitchell, Hideho Okada, Amy B Heimberger
BACKGROUND: Emerging immunotherapeutic strategies for the treatment of glioblastoma (GBM) such as dendritic cell (DC) vaccines, heat shock proteins, peptide vaccines, and adoptive T-cell therapeutics, to name a few, have transitioned from the bench to clinical trials. With upcoming strategies and developing therapeutics, it is challenging to critically evaluate the practical, clinical potential of individual approaches and to advise patients on the most promising clinical trials. METHODS: The authors propose a system to prioritize such therapies in an organized and data-driven fashion...
June 2016: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401891/sarcomas-associated-with-genetic-cancer-predisposition-syndromes-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Mohamad Farid, Joanne Ngeow
UNLABELLED: : Sarcomas are rare mesenchymal malignancies that demonstrate great clinical and biological heterogeneity. A variety of sarcomas develop in the context of well-defined heritable cancer predisposition syndromes, associations that are often overlooked, given the rarity and diversity of sarcomas and the equivalent relative infrequency of cancer genetic syndromes. This review describes in detail selected heritable cancer predisposition syndromes that are known to be associated with sarcomas...
August 2016: Oncologist
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