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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227836/exerciser-for-rehabilitation-of-the-arm-era-development-and-unique-features-of-a-3d-end-effector-robot
#1
Marie-Helene Milot, Mathieu Hamel, Philippe-Olivier Provost, Julien Bernier-Ouellet, Maxime Dupuis, Dominic Letourneau, Simon Briere, Francois Michaud, Marie-Helene Milot, Mathieu Hamel, Philippe-Olivier Provost, Julien Bernier-Ouellet, Maxime Dupuis, Dominic Letourneau, Simon Briere, Francois Michaud, Philippe-Olivier Provost, Dominic Letourneau, Maxime Dupuis, Marie-Helene Milot, Francois Michaud, Mathieu Hamel, Julien Bernier-Ouellet, Simon Briere
Stroke is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide. Consequently, many stroke survivors exhibit difficulties undergoing voluntary movement in their affected upper limb, compromising their functional performance and level of independence. To minimize the negative impact of stroke disabilities, exercises are recognized as a key element in post-stroke rehabilitation. In order to provide the practice of exercises in a uniform and controlled manner as well as increasing the efficiency of therapists' interventions, robotic training has been found, and continues to prove itself, as an innovative intervention for post-stroke rehabilitation...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227689/robotic-system-with-multiplex-power-transmission-for-mri-guided-percutaneous-interventions
#2
Yang Wang, Sungmin Kim, Everette C Burdette, Peter Kazanzides, Iulian Iordachita, Yang Wang, Sungmin Kim, Everette C Burdette, Peter Kazanzides, Iulian Iordachita, Sungmin Kim, Peter Kazanzides, Everette C Burdette, Iulian Iordachita, Yang Wang
In minimally invasive prostate percutaneous interventions, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) compatible robotic assistive systems developed over the years tend to have multiple degrees of freedom (DOF) to accomplish complex surgical tasks. This paper presents a novel design of an MRI-compatible transmission that allows one driving motor to control a multiplexed DOF robot system. The transmission could reduce the number of motors in the system, while maintaining the functionality of the system, by controlling each motion sequentially rather than simultaneously...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227687/characteristic-of-a-force-sensing-guide-wire-for-minimally-invasive-cardiac-surgery
#3
N Stefanova, M Hessinger, T Opitz, R Werthschutzky, N Stefanova, M Hessinger, T Opitz, R Werthschutzky, N Stefanova, M Hessinger, T Opitz
In minimal invasive cardiac surgery (MICS), the surgeon is missing haptic feedback of the guide wire for navigation through the vessels. A wide range of guide wires with various properties and performance characteristics are available to reduce the risk of complications during the intervention. This paper presents a force sensing guide wire for cardiac catheterization, which provides the surgeon a haptic feedback on the guide wire tip. Three conventional wires for the recanalization of chronic total coronary occlusions (CTO) are investigated and general design requirements for the force sensing guide wire are determined...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226729/passive-artifact-behavior-prediction-of-interventional-tools-in-high-field-mri-using-a-0-55t-portable-benchtop-mr-scanner
#4
H Abadi, J Krug, A Illanes, M Friebe, H Abadi, J Krug, A Illanes, M Friebe, J Krug, M Friebe, A Illanes, H Abadi
Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for guiding minimally invasive interventions requires surgical devices which on one hand are visible in the MR image but on the other hand do not generate large artifacts, which distort the overall imaging process. Passive markers are one way to visualize devices such as catheters or biopsy needles in MRI. The evaluation of newly developed passive markers usually requires access to high-field MRI scanners (1.5 T and 3 T). This makes the practical evaluation time-consuming and expensive...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226581/automatic-lumbar-vertebrae-detection-based-on-feature-fusion-deep-learning-for-partial-occluded-c-arm-x-ray-images
#5
Yang Li, Wei Liang, Yinlong Zhang, Haibo An, Jindong Tan, Yang Li, Wei Liang, Yinlong Zhang, Haibo An, Jindong Tan, Yang Li, Wei Liang, Jindong Tan, Yinlong Zhang, Haibo An
Automatic and accurate lumbar vertebrae detection is an essential step of image-guided minimally invasive spine surgery (IG-MISS). However, traditional methods still require human intervention due to the similarity of vertebrae, abnormal pathological conditions and uncertain imaging angle. In this paper, we present a novel convolutional neural network (CNN) model to automatically detect lumbar vertebrae for C-arm X-ray images. Training data is augmented by DRR and automatic segmentation of ROI is able to reduce the computational complexity...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225375/impact-of-a-child-life-and-music-therapy-procedural-support-intervention-on-parental-perception-of-their-child-s-distress-during-intravenous-placement
#6
Gabriela S Ortiz, Todd OʼConnor, Jessa Carey, Adam Vella, Audrey Paul, Diane Rode, Alan Weinberg
OBJECTIVES: Child life specialists and music therapists have a unique and integral role in providing psychosocial care to pediatric patients and families. These professionals are trained to provide clinical interventions that support coping and adjustment and reduce the risk of psychological trauma related to hospital visits and health care encounters. The researchers devised a multimodal approach using a combined child life and music therapy intervention to address procedure-related distress in patients receiving intravenous (IV) placement in the pediatric emergency department...
February 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225373/outer-retinal-tubulation-a-case-series
#7
Leticia A Rousso, Julie A Rodman, Brad Sutton, Diana L Shechtman
PURPOSE: The advent of spectral domain optical coherence tomography has led to superb imaging capabilities in addition to enhanced visualization of the retinal layers. Such advancements have led to the identification of a variety of new retinal conditions, including outer retinal tubulations (ORTs). ORTs are ovoid hyporeflective spaces located in the outer retina. The pathogenesis is unclear but seems to involve sublethal injury to the photoreceptors leading to a compensatory reorganization of the photoreceptor layer with the neighboring ellipsoid zone resulting in a hyperreflective border surrounding a central lumen...
March 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225152/topical-phenytoin-for-treating-pressure-ulcers
#8
REVIEW
Xiang Yong Hao, Hong Ling Li, He Su, Hui Cai, Tian Kang Guo, Ruifeng Liu, Lei Jiang, Yan Fei Shen
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers are common in clinical practice and pose a significant health problem worldwide. Apart from causing suffering to patients, they also result in longer hospital stays and increase the cost of health care. A variety of methods are used for treating pressure ulcers, including pressure relief, patient repositioning, biophysical strategies, nutritional supplementation, debridement, topical negative pressure, and local treatments including dressings, ointments and creams such as bacitracin, silver sulphadiazine, neomycin, and phenytoin...
February 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224443/report-of-the-clinical-and-functional-primary-outcomes-in-men-of-the-acl-sports-trial-similar-outcomes-in-men-receiving-secondary-prevention-with-and-without-perturbation-training-1-and-2-years-after-acl-reconstruction
#9
Amelia J H Arundale, Kathleen Cummer, Jacob J Capin, Ryan Zarzycki, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
BACKGROUND: Athletes often are cleared to return to activities 6 months after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction; however, knee function measures continue to improve up to 2 years after surgery. Interventions beyond standard care may facilitate successful return to preinjury activities and improve functional outcomes. Perturbation training has been used in nonoperative ACL injury and preoperative ACL reconstruction rehabilitation, but has not been examined in postoperative ACL reconstruction rehabilitation, specifically return to sport rehabilitation...
February 21, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224442/report-of-the-primary-outcomes-for-gait-mechanics-in-men-of-the-acl-sports-trial-secondary-prevention-with-and-without-perturbation-training-does-not-restore-gait-symmetry-in-men-1-or-2-years-after-acl-reconstruction
#10
Jacob John Capin, Ryan Zarzycki, Amelia Arundale, Kathleen Cummer, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
BACKGROUND: Movement asymmetries during walking are common after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and reconstruction and may influence the early development of posttraumatic osteoarthritis. Preoperative neuromuscular training (like perturbation training, which is neuromuscular training requiring selective muscle activation in response to surface perturbations) improves gait asymmetries and functional outcomes among people who are ACL-deficient, but the effect of postoperative perturbation training on gait mechanics after ACL reconstruction is unknown...
February 21, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223856/uncertainties-around-incretin-based-therapies-a-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Bader Al Tulaihi, Samia Alhabib
Background: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic debilitating and non-communicable disease. It has several long-term outcomes that are associated with various end organ damage, mainly the heart, blood vessels, eyes, nerves, and kidneys. There are different modalities of treatment of diabetes. The recent incretin-based therapies provided an innovative class of drugs including GLP-1 receptor agonists and DPP-4 inhibitors. This review aims to summarize the available evidence of their effectiveness. Method: This is a narrative review...
January 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223001/rethinking-ckd-evaluation-should-we-be-quantifying-basal-or-stimulated-gfr-to-maximize-precision-and-sensitivity
#12
Bruce A Molitoris
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an increasing clinical problem. Although clinical risk factors and biomarkers for the development and progression of CKD have been identified, there is no commercial surveillance technology to definitively diagnose and quantify the severity and progressive loss of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in CKD. This has limited the study of potential therapies to late stages of CKD when FDA-registerable events are more likely. Because patient outcomes, including the rate of CKD progression, correlate with disease severity and effective therapy may require early intervention, being able to diagnose and stratify patients by their level of decreased kidney function early on is key for translational progress...
February 17, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222805/use-of-activity-tracking-in-major-visceral-surgery-the-enhanced-perioperative-mobilization-epm-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Steffen Wolk, Theresa Meißner, Sebastian Linke, Benjamin Müssle, Ann Wierick, Andreas Bogner, Dorothée Sturm, Nuh N Rahbari, Marius Distler, Jürgen Weitz, Thilo Welsch
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programs are aimed at minimizing postoperative stress and accelerating postoperative recovery by implementing multiple perioperative principles. "Early mobilization" is one such principle, but the quality of assessment and monitoring is poor, and evidence of improved outcome is lacking. Activity trackers allow precise monitoring and automatic feedback to the patients to enhance their motivation for early mobilization. The aim of the study is to monitor and increase the postoperative mobilization of patients by giving them continuous automatic feedback in the form of a step count using activity-tracking wristbands...
February 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222454/clinical-inquiries-can-mobile-technology-improve-weight-loss-in-overweight-and-obese-patients
#14
Lisa M Harris, Anne Mounsey, Joan Nashelsky
Yes, this technology can help in the short term. Mobile technology compared with minimal or no intervention increases short-term (⟨6 months) weight loss (1.4 to 2.7 kg) in overweight and obese patients. Interventions that combine nonelectronic measures with mobile technology increase weight loss more effectively (3.7 kg) than no intervention.
February 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222412/low-risk-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-patients-who-underwent-near-total-thyroidectomy-without-prophylactic-central-compartment-lymph-node-dissection-and-were-ablated-with-low-dose-50mci-rai-had-excellent-10-year-prognosis
#15
Marina Michalaki, Panagiotis Bountouris, Nikolaos D Roupas, Anastasia Theodoropoulou, Niki Agalianou, Theodoros Alexandrides, Kostas Markou
BACKGROUND: The current trend in the management of low risk differentiated thyroid carcinoma is to follow less aggressive strategies. OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term morbidity and mortality outcomes of low-risk papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) patients undergoing minimal intervention. DESIGN: We retrospectively analyzed 137 patients with low-risk PTC (stage I: n=77; stage II: n=60). Of these patients, 107 (Group 1) had macro-PTC and underwent near-total thyroidectomy and received postoperatively 50mCi RAI...
October 2016: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221907/salmonella-presence-in-mandibular-mesenteric-and-subiliac-lymph-nodes-collected-from-sheep-and-goats-in-the-united-states
#16
Keelyn E Hanlon, Markus F Miller, Lacey M Guillen, Mindy M Brashears
Even though often underappreciated in the United States, meat derived from goats and lambs is a valuable global commodity. Although extensive studies have been conducted examining pathogen prevalence in beef, pork, and poultry species, less research is available about pathogen presence in small ruminants. Understanding the presence of Salmonella in small ruminants can influence processing method improvements for these species to minimize food safety risks. The objective of this study was to establish the Salmonella presence in lymph nodes from sheep (n = 311) and goats (n =357) in the United States...
November 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221665/totally-percutaneous-versus-surgical-cut-down-femoral-artery-access-for-elective-bifurcated-abdominal-endovascular-aneurysm-repair
#17
REVIEW
Madelaine Gimzewska, Alexander Ir Jackson, Su Ern Yeoh, Mike Clarke
BACKGROUND: Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are a vascular condition with significant risk attached, particularly if they rupture. It is, therefore, critical to identify and repair these as an elective procedure before they rupture and require emergency surgery. Repair has traditionally been an open surgical technique that required a large incision across the abdomen. Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repairs (EVARs) are now a common alternative. In this procedure, the common femoral artery is exposed via a cut-down approach and a graft introduced to the aneurysm in this way...
February 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221300/patient-experience-of-wearing-compression-garments-post-burn-injury-a-review-of-the-literature
#18
Nicole Coghlan, Jodie Copley, Tammy Aplin, Jenny Strong
This review was conducted to critically appraise the literature regarding the patient's lived experience of, and adherence to, wearing compression garments post burn injury. Scholarly articles were identified from searches of the following databases: Pubmed, Cochrane Central, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and OT Seeker. Combinations of key words including compression therapy/garment, pressure therapy/garment, burn(s), adherence, and patient experience were utilized. Retrieved studies were included in the review if they were written in English, reported on adult burn populations, and the patient's lived experience of wearing compression garments...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221153/ultra-mini-pnl-ump-material-indications-technique-advantages-and-results
#19
Janak D Desai
Stone disease has afflicted mankind since centuries; records from ancient civilisations of India and Egypt have shown stones in human bodies. The scientific mind of humans has always made smart endeavours to remove the kidney stones. From large instruments made like the beaks of different animals and birds in 600 BC (Indian civilisation) to extremely sophisticated and miniaturised endoscopic intruments of today the human race has travelled a long way. The theme has always been to remove the stones with minimal morbidity and mortality and with minimum pain to the patient...
January 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220904/recent-advances-in-occupational-and-environmental-health-hazards-of-workers-exposed-to-gasoline-compounds
#20
REVIEW
Christopher E Ekpenyong, Asuquo E Asuquo
The impact of health and environmental hazards, associated with the constituents of gasoline, on occupationally exposed workers has been recorded over the past few decades. However, the scientific literature on their pathogenic potential remains incomplete, which could affect the current understanding of the associated health risks. This review provides current information based on recently improved research techniques to evaluate gasoline toxicity profiles for humans. Our current knowledge provides insight into the intricate mechanism of gasoline-induced adverse effects, including the formation of reactive metabolites via bio-activation and subsequent generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidative stress, which are involved in multiple mechanisms that are central to the aetiology of gasoline-induced toxicity...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
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