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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077312/the-effect-of-calf-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-and-intermittent-pneumatic-compression-on-thigh-microcirculation
#1
Shayan Bahadori, Tikki Immins, Thomas W Wainwright
OBJECTIVE: This study compares the effectiveness of a neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) device and an intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) device on enhancing microcirculatory blood flow in the thigh of healthy individuals, when stimulation is carried out peripherally at the calf. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood microcirculation of ten healthy individuals was recorded using laser speckle contrast imaging (LSCI) technique. A region of interest (ROI) was marked on each participant thigh...
January 8, 2017: Microvascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051969/effects-of-adding-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-to-traditional-military-amputee-rehabilitation
#2
Laura A Talbot, Emily Brede, E Jeffrey Metter
BACKGROUND: Traumatic transtibial amputations lead to an early decline in the use and weight bearing of the residual limb. These changes result in progressive quadriceps muscle atrophy with strength loss that affects standing and walking. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) may be useful as an adjunct to amputee prosthetic rehabilitation to maintain quadriceps muscle strength and mass. The objective of this pilot study was to compare the effects of a home-based NMES rehabilitation program plus the traditional military amputee rehabilitation program (TMARP) to the effects of TMARP alone on quadriceps muscle strength, functional mobility, and pain in military service members after a combat-related lower extremity amputation...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031759/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-of-the-lower-limbs-combined-with-pulmonary-rehabilitation-on-exercise-tolerance-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#3
Cezary Kucio, Justyna Niesporek, Ewa Kucio, Dominika Narloch, Bartosz Węgrzyn
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a systemic disease with multiple extrapulmonary manifestations including impeded skeletal muscle function, leading to decreased muscular strength and endurance in patients with COPD. Pulmonary rehabilitation eases the symptoms of the condition and produces increased muscular endurance. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) may serve as a treatment alternative to traditional pulmonary rehabilitation. The aim of the study was to assess the effects of NMES combined with pulmonary rehabilitation on exercise tolerance in patients in comparison with pulmonary rehabilitation alone...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990239/towards-parameters-and-protocols-to-recommend-fes-cycling-in-cases-of-paraplegia-a-preliminary-report
#4
Juliana Araujo Guimarães, Lucas Oliveira da Fonseca, Clarissa Cardoso Dos Santos-Couto-Paz, Antônio Padilha Lanari Bó, Charles Fattal, Christine Azevedo-Coste, Emerson Fachin-Martins
Functional Electrical Stimulation assisted cycling (FES-Cycling) is increasingly becoming an alternative option recommended to people with spinal cord injury struggling with paraplegia and interested in practicing sports. In order to propose preconditions to guide FES-Cycling recommendation, we aimed to investigate some features and their potential relationships with responsiveness to Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES). Fourteen volunteers attended a public recruitment forum to be assessed about their responsiveness through the 16-sessions of NMES...
June 13, 2016: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932876/effectiveness-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-for-the-rehabilitation-of-moderate-to-severe-copd-a-meta-analysis
#5
Rong-Chang Chen, Xiao-Ying Li, Li-Li Guan, Bing-Peng Guo, Wei-Liang Wu, Zi-Qing Zhou, Ya-Ting Huo, Xin Chen, Lu-Qian Zhou
PURPOSE: Patients with COPD often experience skeletal muscle dysfunction. For those who are unable or unwilling to undertake physical training, neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) may provide an alternative method of rehabilitation. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to investigate the controversial topic of whether this therapy is effective in patients with moderate-to-severe COPD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We pooled data from nine trials published between January 9, 2002 and January 4, 2016 across PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Google Scholar, and relevant websites for randomized controlled trials...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919609/randomised-controlled-trial-potential-benefit-of-a-footplate-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-device-in-patients-with-chronic-venous-disease
#6
R Ravikumar, K J Williams, A Babber, T R A Lane, H M Moore, A H Davies
OBJECTIVES: Chronic venous disease (CVD) is common, affecting a quarter of the population. Current conservative methods of treatment aim to prevent progression of disease by reducing ambulatory venous pressure. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) refers to the use of electrical impulses to elicit muscle contraction. This pilot randomised controlled trial investigates the effect of a footplate NMES device (REVITIVE) on venous flow parameters, limb oedema, and quality of life outcome measures in patients with CVD...
December 2, 2016: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887891/high-intake-of-nonmilk-extrinsic-sugars-is-associated-with-protein-and-micronutrient-dilution-in-home-dwelling-and-institutionalized-older-people
#7
Satu K Jyväkorpi, Kaisu H Pitkälä, Taija M Puranen, Mikko P Björkman, Hannu Kautiainen, Timo E Strandberg, Helena Soini, Merja H Suominen
BACKGROUND: High dietary sugar intake may compromise protein and micronutrient intakes in people with low energy intakes. The results of micronutrient dilution studies in older people have been few and conflicting. We examined the nutritional status and nutrient intakes associated with nonmilk extrinsic sugars (NMES) intakes in older people representing a broad spectrum of both healthy and vulnerable older populations. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: This cross-sectional study combined five Finnish data sets covering home-dwelling (n = 526) and institutionalized (n = 374) older people...
November 22, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883244/a-redox-switchable-germylene-and-its-ligating-properties-in-selected-transition-metal-complexes
#8
Florian Walz, Eric Moos, Delphine Garnier, Ralf Köppe, Christopher E Anson, Frank Breher
The synthesis, structure, and full characterization of a redox-switchable germylene based on a [3]ferrocenophane ligand arrangement, [Fc(NMes)2 Ge] (4), is presented. The mesityl (Mes)-substituted title compound is readily available from Fc(NHMes)2 (2) and Ge{N(SiMe3 )2 }2 , or from the dilithiated, highly air- and moisture-sensitive compound Fc(NLiMes)2 ⋅3 Et2 O (3) and GeCl2 . Cyclic voltammetry studies are provided for 4, confirming the above-mentioned view of a redox-switchable germylene metalloligand...
November 24, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862023/fatigue-reduction-during-aggregated-and-distributed-sequential-stimulation
#9
Austin J Bergquist, Vishvek Babbar, Saima Ali, Milos R Popovic, Kei Masani
INTRODUCTION: Transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) can generate muscle contractions for rehabilitation and exercise. However, NMES-evoked contractions are limited by fatigue when they are delivered "conventionally" (CONV) using a single active electrode. Researchers have developed "sequential" (SEQ) stimulation, involving rotation of pulses between multiple "aggregated" (AGGR-SEQ) or "distributed" (DISTR-SEQ) active electrodes, to reduce fatigue (torque-decline) by reducing motor unit discharge rates...
November 11, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859286/effects-of-electrical-stimulation-on-vocal-functions-in-patients-with-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#10
Thomas Law, Kathy Y-S Lee, Rita W-M Wong, Yeptain Leung, Peter K-M Ku, Eddy W-Y Wong, Hok-Nam Li, Louisa K-Y Ng, C Andrew van Hasselt, Michael C-F Tong
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) on vocal functions in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma following radiation therapy. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized controlled trial. METHODS: One hundred forty newly treated NPC patients were recruited and randomized into NMES or traditional swallowing exercise (TE) group. Participants received intensive NMES or traditional swallowing therapy and were followed up until 12 months postrandomization...
November 12, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853486/magnetic-resonance-imaging-features-of-idiopathic-granulomatous-mastitis-a-retrospective-analysis
#11
Necdet Poyraz, Ganime Dilek Emlik, Abdussamet Batur, Ebubekir Gundes, Suat Keskin
BACKGROUND: Granulomatous mastitis is a rare and benign inflammatory breast disease that may clinically and radiologically mimic breast cancer. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the features of idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) on breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with mammographic and sonographic findings. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 20 patients with IGM who had been diagnosed by needle core or excisional biopsy at a single institution between 2006 and 2012...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845664/the-time-varying-nature-of-electromechanical-delay-and-muscle-control-effectiveness-in-response-to-stimulation-induced-fatigue
#12
Ryan J Downey, Manelle Merad, Eric J Gonzalez, Warren E Dixon
Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES) and Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) are commonly prescribed rehabilitative therapies. Closed-loop NMES holds the promise to yield more accurate limb control, which could enable new rehabilitative procedures. However, NMES/FES can rapidly fatigue muscle, which limits potential treatments and presents several control challenges. Specifically, the stimulation intensity-force relation changes as the muscle fatigues. Additionally, the delayed response between the application of stimulation and muscle force production, termed electromechanical delay (EMD), may increase with fatigue...
November 8, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834612/the-effectiveness-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-in-improving-voluntary-activation-of-the-quadriceps-a-critically-appraised-topic
#13
Cody B Bremner, William R Holcomb, Christopher D Brown, Melanie E Perreault
: Clinical Scenario: Orthopedic knee conditions are regularly treated in sports medicine clinics. Rehabilitation protocols for these conditions are often designed to address the associated quadriceps strength deficits. Despite these efforts, patients with orthopedic knee conditions often fail to completely regain their quadriceps strength. Disinhibitory modalities have recently been suggested as a clinical tool that can be used to counteract the negative effects of arthrogenic muscle inhibition (AMI), which is believed to limit the effectiveness of therapeutic exercise...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832594/high-frequency-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-modulates-interhemispheric-inhibition-in-healthy-humans
#14
Nicolas Gueugneau, Sidney Grosprêtre, Paul J Stapley, Romuald Lepers
High frequency neuromuscular electrical stimulation (HF NMES) induces muscular contractions through neural mechanisms that partially match physiological motor control. Indeed, a portion of the contraction arises from central mechanisms, whereby spinal motoneurons are recruited through the evoked sensory volley. However, the involvement of supraspinal centers of motor control during such a stimulation remained poorly understood. Therefore, we tested whether a single HF NMES session applied to the upper limb influences interhemispheric inhibition (IHI) from left to right motor cortex (M1)...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821435/what-can-be-learned-from-recent-new-drug-applications-a-systematic-review-of-drug-interaction-data-for-drugs-approved-by-the-us-fda-in-2015
#15
Jingjing Yu, Zhu Zhou, Katie H Owens, Tasha K Ritchie, Isabelle Ragueneau-Majlessi
As a follow up to previous reviews, the aim of the present analysis was to systematically examine all drug metabolism, transport, pharmacokinetics (PK), and drug-drug interaction (DDI) data available in the 33 new drug applications (NDAs) approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2015, using the University of Washington Drug Interaction Database, and to highlight the significant findings. In vitro, a majority of the new molecular entities (NMEs) were found to be substrates or inhibitors/inducers of at least one drug metabolizing enzyme or transporter...
January 2017: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818472/a-single-session-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-enhances-vascular-endothelial-function-and-peripheral-blood-circulation-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#16
Shinya Tanaka, Takashi Masuda, Kentaro Kamiya, Nobuaki Hamazaki, Ayako Akiyama, Yumi Kamada, Emi Maekawa, Chiharu Noda, Minako Yamaoka-Tojo, Junya Ako
This study aimed to investigate whether a single session of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) can enhance vascular endothelial function and peripheral blood circulation in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Thirty-four male patients with AMI were alternately assigned to 2 groups, and received NMES with muscle contraction (NMES group, n = 17) or without muscle contraction (control group, n = 17) after admission. NMES was performed for quadriceps and gastrocnemius muscles of both legs for 30 minutes...
December 2, 2016: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815950/a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-nmes-use-for-recovery-after-elective-total-hip-replacement-surgery
#17
Jerome J Castellano, Ana-Marie Rojas, Raj Karia, Tracey Hunter, James Slover, Alex Moroz
Early physical activity has been proven to accelerate functional recovery after total hip replacement (THR). Weightbearing intolerance secondary to postoperative pain inhibits participation in physical therapy and limits the achievement of functional independence. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) has been shown to improve pain and accelerate recovery. This study focused on the effects of NMES on weightbearing pain. The primary objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of NMES versus placebo in the reduction of pain and the use of opiate medications in the treatment of patients during weightbearing exercises after THR...
November 2016: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813169/heavier-group-13-metal-i-heterocycles-stabilized-by-sterically-demanding-diiminophosphinates-a-structurally-characterized-monomer-dimer-pair-for-gallium
#18
Andrew L Hawley, C André Ohlin, Lea Fohlmeister, Andreas Stasch
We have synthesized and characterized the monomeric diiminophosphinate-stabilized Group 13 metal(I) complexes [(Dip) LE:], (Dip) L=Ph2 P(NDip)2 , Dip=2,6-iPr2 C6 H3 ; E=Ga (1), In (2) and Tl (3). In addition, we structurally characterized the dimeric complex [((Dip) LGa)2 ], 12 . Similar synthetic attempts using (Mes) L=Ph2 P(NMes)2 , Mes=2,4,6-Me3 C6 H2 afforded product mixtures from which the mixed oxidation state species [((Mes) L)3 Ga4 I3 ] 4 was isolated. [(Dip) LGa:] 1 is converted with dry air to the gallium(III) oxide species [((Dip) LGaO)2 ] 5...
November 3, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793340/neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-may-attenuate-muscle-proteolysis-after-cardiovascular-surgery-a-preliminary-study
#19
Kotaro Iwatsu, Yuki Iida, Yuji Kono, Takenori Yamazaki, Akihiko Usui, Sumio Yamada
OBJECTIVE: To explore the efficacy of postoperative neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) on muscle protein degradation and muscle weakness in patients after cardiovascular surgery. METHODS: Sixty-one patients underwent NMES daily from postoperative days (PODs) 1 to 5 in addition to postoperative mobilization program (NMES group), and 41 patients underwent postoperative mobilization program only (non-NMES group). The primary outcome was the concentration of 3-methylhistidine (3-MH) in 24-hour urine corrected for urinary creatinine content (3-MH/Cre) from PODs 1 to 5...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789768/neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-prior-to-presleep-protein-feeding-stimulates-the-use-of-protein-derived-amino-acids-for-overnight-muscle-protein-synthesis
#20
Marlou L Dirks, Bart B L Groen, Rinske Franssen, Janneau van Kranenburg, Luc J C van Loon
: Short periods of muscle disuse result in substantial skeletal muscle atrophy. Recently, we showed that both neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) as well as presleep dietary protein ingestion represent effective strategies to stimulate muscle protein synthesis rates. In this study, we test our hypothesis that NMES can augment the use of presleep protein-derived amino acids for overnight muscle protein synthesis in older men. Twenty healthy, older [69 ± 1 (SE) yr] men were subjected to 24 h of bed rest, starting at 8:00 AM...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
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