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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668026/nicu-graduates-the-role-of-the-allied-health-team-in-follow-up
#1
Jane L Orton, Joy E Olsen, Katherine Ong, Rochelle Lester, Alicia J Spittle
Infants who graduate from the neonatal intensive care unit, including those infants born preterm and/or with brain injury, are at increased risk of long-term neurodevelopmental impairments. The developmental allied health team, consisting of physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech pathology, is crucial in early evaluation of gross motor, fine motor, feeding, and language development. Surveillance of neurodevelopment in the first year of life is essential to ensure early detection of specific developmental delays and impairments, and to ensure timely referral for early intervention...
April 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668024/nutrition-considerations-after-nicu-discharge
#2
Taylor Peters, Cecelia Pompeii-Wolfe
Preterm infants are at high nutrition risk during neonatal intensive care and well after discharge. Nutrition care should be individualized and provided by a multidisciplinary team including a dietitian. Breast milk, the gold standard for feeding, may not meet the increased needs of preterm infants and may require fortification or supplementation. Decisions regarding formula choice and calorie concentration can also be challenging and require individualization based on growth, intake, and individual need. Developmental milestones should be considered during the initation of complementary food...
April 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667877/practices-and-values-regarding-milk-consumption-among-pre-schoolers-in-bangkok
#3
Jomkwan Yothasamut, Laura Camfield, Michael Pfeil
PURPOSE: Thai government agencies and the business sector have been promoting milk consumption. Considering the robust and continual movements by those actors to promote milk consumption among children in Thailand at the national level, this study aims to investigate milk-consumption practices and values towards milk consumption at pre-school, family and individual levels. METHODS: This cross-sectional qualitative study employs observation and interview methods, along with the Ecological System Theory as a framework...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667872/detecting-european-rabbit-oryctolagus-cuniculus-disease-outbreaks-by-monitoring-digital-media
#4
David E Peacock, Tiggy L Grillo
  Digital media and digital search tools offer simple and effective means to monitor for pathogens and disease outbreaks in target organisms. Using tools such as Rich Site Summary feeds, and Google News and Google Scholar specific key word searches, international digital media were actively monitored from 2012 to 2016 for pathogens and disease outbreaks in the taxonomic order Lagomorpha, with a specific focus on the European rabbit ( Oryctolagus cuniculus). The primary objective was identifying pathogens for assessment as potential new biocontrol agents for Australia's pest populations of the European rabbit...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667441/long-term-consumption-of-western-diet-contributes-to-endothelial-dysfunction-and-aortic-remodeling-in-rats-implication-of-rho-kinase-signaling
#5
Rania A Elrashidy, Jing Zhang, Guiming Liu
Western diet (WD), rich in saturated fat and sugars, has become a risk factor for obesity and metabolic syndrome, however, its effect on endothelial function and vascular remodeling is not fully elucidated. Recent evidence suggests cross-talk between Rho kinase (ROCK) pathway and cardiovascular system. We aimed to investigate the effect of WD on aortic remodeling and the contribution of ROCK signaling. Eight week old male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed either standard chow diet (SD) or high fructose/ high-fat diet, typically as in WD...
April 18, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667336/optimal-breastfeeding-durations-for-hiv-exposed-infants-the-impact-of-maternal-art-use-infant-mortality-and-replacement-feeding-risk
#6
Divya Mallampati, Rachel L MacLean, Roger Shapiro, Francois Dabis, Barbara Engelsmann, Kenneth A Freedberg, Valeriane Leroy, Shahin Lockman, Rochelle Walensky, Nigel Rollins, Andrea Ciaranello
INTRODUCTION: In 2010, the WHO recommended women living with HIV breastfeed for 12 months while taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) to balance breastfeeding benefits against HIV transmission risks. To inform the 2016 WHO guidelines, we updated prior research on the impact of breastfeeding duration on HIV-free infant survival (HFS) by incorporating maternal ART duration, infant/child mortality and mother-to-child transmission data. METHODS: Using the Cost-Effectiveness of Preventing AIDS Complications (CEPAC)-Infant model, we simulated the impact of breastfeeding duration on 24-month HFS among HIV-exposed, uninfected infants...
April 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667318/physicochemical-property-guidelines-for-modern-agrochemicals
#7
Yu Zhang, Beth Lorsbach, Scott Castetter, William T Lambert, Jeremy Kister, Nick X Wang, Carla Klittich, Joshua Roth, Thomas C Sparks, Mike R Loso
The relentless need for the discovery and development of new agrochemicals continues due to driving forces such as loss of existing products through the development of resistance, the necessity for products with more favorable environmental and toxicological profiles, shifting pest spectra, and the changing agricultural needs and practices of the farming community. These new challenges underscore the demand for novel, high quality starting points to accelerate the discovery of new agrochemicals that address market challenges...
April 17, 2018: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667009/encapsulating-viability-of-multi-strain-lactobacilli-as-potential-probiotic-in-pigs
#8
Sudthidol Piyadeatsoontorn, Rutjawate Taharnklaew, Tewa Upathanpreecha, Pairat Sornplang
Important aspects of the selection of probiotics to be used for mixing in animal feed include host species specificity and probiotic cell survival during production and storage of their products. The research was to screen and investigate some probiotic properties of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from pig fecal samples. One hundred and thirty-eight representative LAB isolates, which were isolated from 51 pig fecal samples, were tested for acid and bile tolerance, antimicrobial susceptibility, antibacterial activity, potential adhesion to the cell surface, and survival rates when stored in varied microencapsulation forms: freeze-dried, spray-dried, and micro-beads...
April 17, 2018: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666938/multigene-phylogeny-and-cell-evolution-of-chromist-infrakingdom-rhizaria-contrasting-cell-organisation-of-sister-phyla-cercozoa-and-retaria
#9
Thomas Cavalier-Smith, Ema E Chao, Rhodri Lewis
Infrakingdom Rhizaria is one of four major subgroups with distinct cell body plans that comprise eukaryotic kingdom Chromista. Unlike other chromists, Rhizaria are mostly heterotrophic flagellates, amoebae or amoeboflagellates, commonly with reticulose (net-like) or filose (thread-like) feeding pseudopodia; uniquely for eukaryotes, cilia have proximal ciliary transition-zone hub-lattices. They comprise predominantly flagellate phylum Cercozoa and reticulopodial phylum Retaria, whose exact phylogenetic relationship has been uncertain...
April 17, 2018: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666693/removal-of-nasogastric-tube-accidentally-stitched-to-roux-en-y-oesophagojejunostomy-following-a-radical-gastrectomy-for-stomach-cancer-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Ayman Z Azzam, Kareem A Azzam, Tarek Amin
Nasogastric tubes (NGTs) are important for feeding, stenting and decompression after gastrointestinal surgeries, particularly in the upper gastrointestinal tract. Resistance in the removal of a NGT is a rare surgical complication and may be due to a knot in the tube or a stitch anchoring the tube to an anastomosis . We report a 41-year-old male patient who was admitted to the King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, in 2015 with stomach cancer. He underwent a radical total gastrectomy with a Roux-en-Y oesophagojejunostomy...
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666593/interaction-in-spoken-word-recognition-models-feedback-helps
#11
James S Magnuson, Daniel Mirman, Sahil Luthra, Ted Strauss, Harlan D Harris
Human perception, cognition, and action requires fast integration of bottom-up signals with top-down knowledge and context. A key theoretical perspective in cognitive science is the interactive activation hypothesis: forward and backward flow in bidirectionally connected neural networks allows humans and other biological systems to approximate optimal integration of bottom-up and top-down information under real-world constraints. An alternative view is that online feedback is neither necessary nor helpful; purely feed forward alternatives can be constructed for any feedback system, and online feedback could not improve processing and would preclude veridical perception...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666528/effect-of-pregelatination-on-rheology-cooking-and-antioxidant-activity-of-pasta
#12
Aasima Rafiq, Savita Sharma, Baljit Singh
The present study explores the possibility of using twin screw extruder for preparation of pregelatinized pasta. The effects of extrusion parameters feed moisture (28 and 32%), barrel temperature (60-105 °C) and screw speed (100-200 rpm) on pregelatinized pasta were investigated. Prepared pasta was analysed for quality characteristics in terms of cooking quality, degree of gelatinization, color, texture, pasting properties, bioactive composition. Results indicated that higher screw speed improved the cooking quality of pasta and decreased gruel solid loss...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666350/case-report-of-newborn-with-de-novo-partial-trisomy-2q31-2-37-3-and-monosomy-9p24-3
#13
Maurizia Colangelo, Melissa Alfonsi, Chiara Palka, Eleonora Zio Zio, Silvana Di Renzo, Paolo Guanciali-Franchi, Giandomenico Palka
We describe a newborn female with a de novo duplication of chromosomes 2q31.2 and 2q37.3, and a de novo monosomy 9p24.3. The clinical findings of this patient include congenital heart defects, dysmorphic facial features, hypotonia, feeding difficulties and microcephaly. Ultrasonographic prenatal findings were negative for foetal malformations. Only a mild pyelectasis was reported. This is the first report of molecular cytogenetic characterization of a partial trisomy 2q31.2-37.3 with monosomy 9p24.3.
March 2018: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666347/marker-assisted-introgression-of-opaque2-allele-for-rapid-conversion-of-elite-hybrids-into-quality-protein-maize
#14
Firoz Hossain, Vignesh Muthusamy, Neha Pandey, Ashish K Vishwakarma, Aanchal Baveja, Rajkumar U Zunjare, Nepolean Thirunavukkarasu, Supradip Saha, Kanchikeri M Manjaiah Manjaiah, Boddupalli M Prasanna, Hari S Gupta
Maize is a valuable source of food and feed worldwide. Maize endosperm protein is, however nutritionally poor due to the reduced levels of two essential amino acids, lysine and tryptophan. In this study, recessive opaque2 (o2) allele that confers enhanced endosperm lysine and tryptophan, was introgressed using marker-assisted backcross breeding into three normal inbred lines (HKI323, HKI1105 and HKI1128). These are the parental lines of three popular medium-maturing single cross hybrids (HM4, HM8 and HM9) in India...
March 2018: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666152/phenylmethimazole-abrogates-diet-induced-inflammation-glucose-intolerance-and-nafld
#15
Ashley Patton, Tyler Church, Caroline Wilson, Jean Thuma, Douglas J Goetz, Darlene E Berryman, Edward O List, Frank L Schwartz, Kelly D McCall
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the hepatic manifestation of both metabolic and inflammatory diseases and has become the leading chronic liver disease worldwide. High fat (HF) diets promote an increased uptake and storage of free fatty acids (FFAs) and triglycerides (TGs) in hepatocytes, which initiates steatosis and induces lipotoxicity, inflammation, and insulin resistance. Activation and signaling of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) by FFAs induces inflammation evident in NAFLD and insulin resistance...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666141/examining-the-effectiveness-of-consuming-flour-made-from-agronomically-biofortified-wheat-zincol-2016-nr-421-for-improving-zn-status-in-women-in-a-low-resource-setting-in-pakistan-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-double-blind-controlled-cross-over-trial-bizifed
#16
Nicola M Lowe, Muhammad Jaffar Khan, Martin R Broadley, Munir H Zia, Harry J McArdle, Edward J M Joy, Heather Ohly, Babar Shahzad, Ubaid Ullah, Gul Kabana, Rashid Medhi, Mukhtiar Zaman Afridi
INTRODUCTION: Dietary zinc (Zn) deficiency is a global problem, particularly in low-income and middle-income countries where access to rich, animal-source foods of Zn is limited due to poverty. In Pakistan, Zn deficiency affects over 40% of the adult female population, resulting in suboptimal immune status and increased likelihood of complications during pregnancy. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We are conducting a double-blind, randomised controlled feeding study with cross-over design in a low-resource setting in Pakistan...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665769/sublethal-chronic-effects-of-oral-dietary-exposure-to-deltamethrin-in-swiss-albino-mice
#17
Anita Tewari, R S Banga, Jps Gill
The hazards of dietary exposure to environmentally relevant levels of deltamethrin are poorly understood though studies enunciate the acute toxicity hazards. In this study, prolonged exposure to low levels of deltamethrin in mice was investigated. The mice were exposed daily via gavage method for 60 days. Four doses (0.1, 0.05, 0.01, and 0.005 mg/kg bwt/d) were selected, which are equal to or less than the maximum residue limits for deltamethrin permitted in animal food/feed. Liver, kidney, lungs, spleen, and testes were collected on day 61 for histology, residue, and biochemical analysis (aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALKP), total bilirubin (TBIL), total proteins (TPs), cholesterol (CHOL), urea, and creatinine)...
January 1, 2018: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665471/comparison-between-liquid-chromatography-and-supercritical-fluid-chromatography-coupled-to-mass-spectrometry-for-beta-agonists-screening-in-feeding-stuff
#18
L Herpin, E Bichon, L Rambaud, F Monteau, B Le Bizec
β-agonistic drugs have been forbidden as growth promoters in rearing animals in Europe since the late 1980s (Dir 96/22/EC). Specific and sensitive analytical methods based on UHPLC-MS/MS allow to monitor a large set of these substances. However, optimal performances are not observed for all the target analytes, especially for those exhibiting the highest polarities. We developed an SFC-MS/MS approach to cover the huge elution window of β-agonists, from the most polar which are usually eluted in the void volume when using reversed phase chromatography in conventional HPLC to the most apolar ones...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665351/neuroendocrine-response-to-gaba-b-receptor-agonism-in-alcohol-dependent-individuals-results-from-a-combined-outpatient-and-human-laboratory-experiment
#19
Mehdi Farokhnia, Mikela B Sheskier, Mary R Lee, April N Le, Erick Singley, Sofia Bouhlal, Timmy Ton, Zhen Zhao, Lorenzo Leggio
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), the main inhibitory neurotransmitter in the nervous system, plays an important role in biobehavioral processes that regulate alcohol seeking, food intake, and stress response. The metabotropic GABA-B receptor has been investigated as a potential therapeutic target for alcohol use disorder, by using orthosteric agonists (e.g., baclofen) and positive allosteric modulators. Whether and how pharmacological manipulation of the GABA-B receptor, in combination with alcohol intake, may affect feeding- and stress-related neuroendocrine pathways remains unknown...
April 14, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665338/parental-experience-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-infants-with-cleft-palate-comparing-parental-and-clinical-priorities
#20
Karen Davies, Yin-Ling Lin, Anne-Marie Glenny, Peter Callery, Iain A Bruce
OBJECTIVE: To identify outcomes relating to sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) that are relevant to parents, during the early weeks of caring for infants with cleft palate (CP), and compare these with clinical outcomes identified in a systematic search of research literature. DESIGN: A qualitative study using telephone/face-to-face interviews with parents explored their understanding of breathing and respiratory effort in infants with CP. SETTING: Care provided by 3 specialist cleft centers in the United Kingdom, with study conducted in parents' homes...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
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