keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Feeding

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735496/low-level-prenatal-toxin-exposures-and-breastfeeding-duration-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Casey B Rosen-Carole, Peggy Auinger, Cynthia R Howard, Elizabeth A Brownell, Bruce P Lanphear
Introduction Maternal exposure to tobacco smoke is associated with shortened breastfeeding duration, but few studies have examined the effects on breastfeeding outcomes of low level exposures to other toxic chemicals. Moreover, it is unclear if passive smoking is associated with duration of breastfeeding. Our objective was therefore to examine the effect of low-level prenatal exposures to common environmental toxins (tobacco smoke, lead, and phthalates) on breastfeeding exclusivity and duration. Methods We conducted an analysis of data from the Health Outcomes and Measures of the Environment (HOME) Study...
July 22, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735425/influence-of-host-plant-on-thaumetopoea-pityocampa-gut-bacterial-community
#2
Cinzia P Strano, Antonino Malacrinò, Orlando Campolo, Vincenzo Palmeri
Microbial communities associated to the gut of insects are attracting an increasing interest, mainly because of their role in influencing several host life-traits. The characterization of the gut microbial community is pivotal for understanding insect ecology and, thus, to develop novel pest management strategies. The pine processionary moth, Thaumetopoea pytiocampa (Denis & Schiff.) (Lepidoptera: Thaumetopoeidae), is a severe defoliator of pine forests, able to feed on several pine species. In this work, we performed a metabarcoding analysis to investigate, for the first time, the diversity of the gut bacterial community of pine processionary larvae associated with three different host pine species (Pinus halepensis, Pinus nigra subsp...
July 22, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735391/toward-a-resilient-functional-microbiome-drought-tolerance-alleviating-microbes-for-sustainable-agriculture
#3
Venkatachalam Lakshmanan, Prasun Ray, Kelly D Craven
In recent years, the utilization of novel sequencing techniques opened a new field of research into plant microbiota and was used to explore a wide diversity of microorganisms both inside and outside of plant host tissues, i.e., the endosphere and rhizosphere, respectively. An early realization from such research was that species richness and diversity of the plant microbiome are both greater than believed even a few years ago, and soil is likely home to the most abundant and diverse microbial habitats known...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735389/the-fundamental-role-of-reactive-oxygen-species-in-plant-stress-response
#4
Michael Liebthal, Karl-Josef Dietz
Chemical, physical, and biotic factors continuously vary in the natural environment. Such parameters are considered as stressors if the magnitude of their change exceeds the current acclimation norm of the plant. Activation of genetic programs allows for conditional expansion of the acclimation norm and depends on specific sensing mechanisms, intracellular communication, and regulation. The redox and reactive oxygen species (ROS) network plays a fundamental role in directing the acclimation response. These highly reactive compounds like H2O2 are generated and scavenged under normal conditions and participate in realizing a basal acclimation level...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735384/influence-of-feeding-inorganic-vanadium-on-growth-performance-endocrine-variables-and-biomarkers-of-bone-health-in-crossbred-calves
#5
Ravi Prakash Pal, Veena Mani, Deepika Tripathi, Rajesh Kumar, Neelam J Kewalramani
The nutritional essentialities of transition element vanadium (V) as micro-nutrient in farm animals have not yet been established, though in rat model, vanadium as vanadate has been reported to exert insulin-mimetic effect and shown to be needed for proper development of bones. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of V supplementation on growth performance, plasma hormones and bone health status in calves. Twenty-four crossbred calves (body weight 72.83 ± 2.5 kg; age 3-9 months) were blocked in four groups and randomly assigned to four treatment groups (n = 6) on body weight and age basis...
July 22, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735298/foxp1-related-intellectual-disability-syndrome-a-recognisable-entity
#6
Ilse Meerschaut, Daniel Rochefort, Nicole Revençu, Justine Pètre, Christina Corsello, Guy A Rouleau, Fadi F Hamdan, Jacques L Michaud, Jenny Morton, Jessica Radley, Nicola Ragge, Sixto García-Miñaúr, Pablo Lapunzina, Maria Palomares Bralo, Maria Ángeles Mori, Stéphanie Moortgat, Valérie Benoit, Sandrine Mary, Nele Bockaert, Ann Oostra, Olivier Vanakker, Milen Velinov, Thomy Jl de Ravel, Djalila Mekahli, Jonathan Sebat, Keith K Vaux, Nataliya DiDonato, Andrea K Hanson-Kahn, Louanne Hudgins, Bruno Dallapiccola, Antonio Novelli, Luigi Tarani, Joris Andrieux, Michael J Parker, Katherine Neas, Berten Ceulemans, An-Sofie Schoonjans, Darina Prchalova, Marketa Havlovicova, Miroslava Hancarova, Magdalena Budisteanu, Annelies Dheedene, Björn Menten, Patrick A Dion, Damien Lederer, Bert Callewaert
BACKGROUND: Mutations in forkhead box protein P1 (FOXP1) cause intellectual disability (ID) and specific language impairment (SLI), with or without autistic features (MIM: 613670). Despite multiple case reports no specific phenotype emerged so far. METHODS: We correlate clinical and molecular data of 25 novel and 23 previously reported patients with FOXP1 defects. We evaluated FOXP1 activity by an in vitro luciferase model and assessed protein stability in vitro by western blotting...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735079/synthesis-and-characterization-of-nanoparticles-conjugated-tannase-and-using-it-for-enhancement-of-antibacterial-activity-of-tannase-produced-by-serratia-marcescens
#7
D Sahira Nsayef Muslim, Ziyad Abbas Dham, D Nadheer J Mohammed
Fourteen isolates of Serratia marcescens were collected from patients suffering from septicemia. All theseisolates revealed different levels in tannase production. Tannase was partially purified from Serratia marcescens b9 by precipitation method at 70% saturation of ammonium sulfate. Au, Pt, SnO2 and SiO2 nanoparticles were prepared by laser ablation and examined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction pattern and UV-Visible absorption spectroscopy. Conjugation of SiO2 nanoparticles to tannase by feeding and pulses methods were prepared and characterized by TEM, X-ray diffraction pattern and UV-Visible spectrum...
July 19, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735073/from-minutes-to-days-the-ability-of-sows-sus-scrofa-to-estimate-time-intervals
#8
Natascha Fuhrer, Lorenz Gygax
Time estimation helps allocating time to different tasks and to plan behavioural sequences. It may also be relevant to animal welfare if it enables animals assessing the duration of a negative situation. Here, we investigated the ability of dry sows to estimate short and long time periods. We used a variant of the peak-interval procedure and the choice between 2 resources of different quality and replenishment rates to assess time periods in the order of minutes and days, respectively. In the minute-experiment, the sows were trained to expect an interruption while feeding at the end of an interval...
July 19, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735066/exclusive-breastfeeding-at-three-months-and-infant-sleep-wake-behaviors-at-two-weeks-three-and-six-months
#9
Bárbara Figueiredo, Cláudia Castro Dias, Tiago Miguel Pinto, Tiffany Field
This study assessed infant sleep-wake behavior at two weeks, three and six months as function of feeding method at three months (exclusively breastfed, partially breastfed, and exclusively formula fed infants). Mothers of 163 first-born, full-term, normal birth weight, healthy infants completed socio-demographic, depression, anxiety, and infant sleep-wake behavior measures. No effects were found for sleep arrangements, depression or anxiety, on feeding methods and sleep-wake behavior at three months. At two weeks exclusively breastfed infants at three months spent more hours sleeping and less hours awake during the 24-h period than partially breastfed infants...
July 20, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735045/multiplexed-capillary-microfluidic-immunoassay-with-smartphone-data-acquisition-for-parallel-mycotoxin-detection
#10
Jessica M D Machado, Ruben R G Soares, Virginia Chu, João P Conde
The field of microfluidics holds great promise for the development of simple and portable lab-on-a-chip systems. The use of capillarity as a means of fluidic manipulation in lab-on-a-chip systems can potentially reduce the complexity of the instrumentation and allow the development of user-friendly devices for point-of-need analyses. In this work, a PDMS microchannel-based, colorimetric, autonomous capillary chip provides a multiplexed and semi-quantitative immunodetection assay. Results are acquired using a standard smartphone camera and analyzed with a simple gray scale quantification procedure...
July 15, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735032/a-prospective-study-of-breastfeeding-intentions-of-healthy-weight-and-overweight-women-as-predictors-of-breastfeeding-outcomes
#11
Susan J de Jersey, Kimberley Mallan, Justine Forster, Lynne A Daniels
OBJECTIVE: Women with a higher BMI are at increased risk of breastfeeding for a shorter duration, however it is unclear if weight status itself or other factors such as feeding intentions are responsible for early breastfeeding cessation. The aim of this study was determine the influence of maternal pre-pregnancy weight status on infant feeding intentions during pregnancy using a validated scale and assess whether high intentions to exclusively breastfeed measured during pregnancy predicted feeding mode at discharge and at 4 months postpartum in both healthy weight (Hwt) (BMI< 25kg/m(2)) and overweight (Owt)(BMI > 25kg/m(2)) women...
July 5, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735010/maternal-age-affects-offspring-nutrient-dynamics
#12
Doriane Muller, David Giron, Emmanuel Desouhant, Benjamin Rey, Jérôme Casas, Nicolas Lefrique, Bertanne Visser
The internal physiological state of a mother can have major effects on her fitness and that of her offspring. We show that maternal effects in the parasitic wasp Eupelmus vuilleti become apparent when old mothers provision their eggs with less protein, sugar and lipid. Feeding from a host after hatching allows the offspring of old mothers to overcome initial shortages in sugars and lipids, but adult offspring of old mothers still emerged with lower protein and glycogen quantities. Reduced egg provisioning by old mothers had adverse consequences for the nutrient composition of adult female offspring, despite larval feeding from a high-quality host...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735009/serotonergic-network-in-the-subesophageal-zone-modulates-the-motor-pattern-for-food-intake-in-drosophila
#13
Andreas Schoofs, Sebastian Hückesfeld, Michael J Pankratz
The functional organization of central motor circuits underlying feeding behaviors is not well understood. We have combined electrophysiological and genetic approaches to investigate the regulatory networks upstream of the motor program underlying food intake in the Drosophila larval central nervous system. We discovered that the serotonergic network of the CNS is able to set the motor rhythm frequency of pharyngeal pumping. Pharmacological experiments verified that modulation of the feeding motor pattern is based on the release of serotonin...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735003/feeding-strategies-for-tuning-poly-3-hydroxybutyrate-co-4-hydroxybutyrate-monomeric-composition-and-productivity-using-burkholderia-sacchari
#14
Rodrigo S Raposo, M Catarina M D de Almeida, M M R da Fonseca, M Teresa Cesário
Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-4-hydroxybutyrate) (P(3HB-4HB)) co-polymers were produced at bench-scale in fed-batch cultivations by Burkholderia sacchari from glucose (main carbon-source) and gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) as co-substrate. As P(3HB-4HB) properties highly depend on the 4-hydroxybutyrate (4HB) molar fraction, it is advantageous to have a thorough knowledge of the process in order to promote the production of the targeted final product. In this work, polymers with a 4HB molar percentage ranging from 1...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734861/low-food-allergy-prevalence-despite-delayed-introduction-of-allergenic-foods-data-from-the-gusto-cohort
#15
Elizabeth Huiwen Tham, Bee Wah Lee, Yiong Huak Chan, Evelyn Xiu Ling Loo, Jia Ying Toh, Anne Goh, Oon Hoe Teoh, Fabian Yap, Kok Hian Tan, Keith M Godfrey, Mary Foong Fong Chong, Hugo P S Van Bever, Yap Seng Chong, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek
BACKGROUND: There is mounting evidence that early introduction of allergenic food decreases the risk of food allergy development, especially in high-risk infants with eczema. However, there is a lack of data to suggest whether this association holds true in Asian populations. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the timing of introduction of allergenic foods and food allergy outcomes in infants in the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) study...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734847/noise-optimized-virtual-monoenergetic-dual-energy-ct-improves-diagnostic-accuracy-for-the-detection-of-active-arterial-bleeding-of-the-abdomen
#16
Simon S Martin, Julian L Wichmann, Jan-Erik Scholtz, Doris Leithner, Tommaso D'Angelo, Hendrik Weyer, Christian Booz, Lukas Lenga, Thomas J Vogl, Moritz H Albrecht
PURPOSE: To evaluate diagnostic accuracy of a noise-optimized virtual monoenergetic imaging (VMI+) reconstruction technique for detection of active arterial abdominal bleeding on dual-energy (DE) CT angiography compared with standard image reconstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: DE CT angiography data sets of 71 patients (46 men; age 63.6 y ± 13.3) with suspected arterial bleeding of the abdomen or pelvis were reconstructed with standard linearly blended (F_0.5), VMI+, and traditional virtual monoenergetic imaging (VMI) algorithms in 10-keV increments from 40 to 100 keV...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734610/towards-integral-utilization-of-grape-pomace-from-winemaking-process-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Carolina Beres, Gislaine N S Costa, Ignacio Cabezudo, Nina K da Silva-James, Aline S C Teles, Ana P G Cruz, Caroline Mellinger-Silva, Renata V Tonon, Lourdes M C Cabral, Suely P Freitas
Grape is the main fruit crop in several countries. Although many grape-based food products can be found in the market, studies have shown that around 75% of the world grape production is destined for the wine industry. Grape pomace is an abundant by-product from the wine industry, which consists of the remaining skin, seeds and stalks and represents around 25% of total grape weight used in the winemaking process. In countries such as Italy, France and Spain, where wine production is more relevant, the annual grape pomace generation can reach nearly 1200 tonnes per year...
July 19, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734602/fatty-acids-vitamins-and-cholesterol-content-and-sensory-properties-of-cheese-made-with-milk-from-sheep-fed-rapeseed-oilcake
#18
A I Nájera, M A Bustamante, M Albisu, I Valdivielso, G Amores, N Mandaluniz, J Arranz, L J R Barron, M de Renobales
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of rapeseed oilcake used for feeding sheep on the content of fatty acids (FA), tocopherols, retinoids, and cholesterol of milk and cheese, and on the sensory properties of cheese. Indoor animal feeding (in winter) is the highest cost of production for cheesemakers, and the inclusion of locally produced rapeseed oilcake in the concentrate feed formulation can reduce the cost of cheese production, as long as the quality of the cheese is not altered. The experiment was carried out in March (mid lactation) with 72 Latxa sheep from an experimental farm located in the Basque Country (northern Spain)...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734365/automatic-feed-phase-identification-in-multivariate-bioprocess-profiles-by-sequential-binary-classification
#19
Ramin Nikzad-Langerodi, Edwin Lughofer, Susanne Saminger-Platz, Thomas Zahel, Patrick Sagmeister, Christoph Herwig
In this paper, we propose a new strategy for retrospective identification of feed phases from online sensor-data enriched feed profiles of an Escherichia Coli (E. coli) fed-batch fermentation process. In contrast to conventional (static), data-driven multi-class machine learning (ML), we exploit process knowledge in order to constrain our classification system yielding more parsimonious models compared to static ML approaches. In particular, we enforce unidirectionality on a set of binary, multivariate classifiers trained to discriminate between adjacent feed phases by linking the classifiers through a one-way switch...
August 22, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734042/multivariate-optimization-of-conditions-for-digestion-of-wet-feeds-for-dogs-and-cats-using-a-closed-digester-block-and-multielement-determination-by-icp-oes
#20
Dayara Virgínia Lino Ávila, Sidnei Oliveira Souza, Silvlvânio Silvlvério Lopes Costa, Carlos Alexandre Borges Garcia, José do Patrocínio Hora Alvlves, Rennan Geovanny Oliveira Araujo, Elisangela Andrade Passos
A full 2⁴ factorial design was applied to find the best combination of diluted reagents (HNO₃ and H₂O₂), time, and temperature for the digestion of samples of wet feed for dogs and cats using a closed digestion block. The residual carbon concentration (RCC) was used as the response in the factorial design. All variables and their interactions significantly influenced the digestion of the feed samples, as indicated by the RCC. The conditions established for the digestion of 0.05 g (dry mass) wet feed samples were the addition of 3...
July 21, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
keyword
keyword
3776
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"