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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475200/cardiovascular-associations-with-abnormal-brain-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-neonates-with-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-undergoing-therapeutic-hypothermia-and-rewarming
#1
Kiran S More, Pankaj Sakhuja, Regan E Giesinger, Joseph Y Ting, Matthew Keyzers, Jesal N Sheth, Anie Lapointe, Amish Jain, Aideen M Moore, Steven P Miller, Patrick J McNamara
OBJECTIVE:  This article compares hemodynamic characteristics of neonates with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) receiving therapeutic hypothermia (TH) with normal versus abnormal brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS:  Serial echocardiography (echo) was performed within 24 hours, after 48 to 72 hours of cooling, within 24 hours of normothermia, and after starting feeds. Pulmonary hemodynamics, cardiac output, and ventricular function were evaluated...
February 23, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475160/immunotoxicity-of-ochratoxin-a-and-aflatoxin-b1-in-combination-is-associated-with-the-nuclear-factor-kappa-b-signaling-pathway-in-3d4-21-cells
#2
Lili Hou, Fang Gan, Xuan Zhou, Yajiao Zhou, Gang Qian, Zixuan Liu, Kehe Huang
The co-contamination of cereals, grains, crops, and animal feeds by mycotoxins is a universal problem. Humans and animals are exposed to several mycotoxins simultaneously as evidenced by extensive studies on this topic. Yet, most studies have addressed the effects of mycotoxins individually. Aflatoxin B1 and ochratoxin A can induce immunotoxicity. However, it remains unclear whether a combination of these mycotoxins aggravates immunotoxicity and the potential mechanism underlying this effect. In this study, we used the cell line 3D4/21, swine alveolus macrophages and innate immune cell...
February 3, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475129/effects-of-short-term-feeding-of-different-sources-of-fatty-acids-in-pre-mating-diets-on-reproductive-performance-and-blood-metabolites-of-fat-tailed-iranian-afshari-ewes
#3
H Mirzaei-Alamouti, Z Mohammadi, M H Shahir, M Vazirigohar, M Mansouryar
The effects of dietary omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids (FAs) in pre-mating diets on reproductive performances and metabolic status of ewes have not been well investigated. Therefore, this study investigated the effect of supplementing different source of FAs on different aspects of reproductive performance of fat-tailed Iranian Afshari ewes. Thirty-two cycling, multiparous Afshari ewes were divided into four groups and fed one of the isocaloric and isonitrogenous diets supplemented with Sunflower oil (SFO), Fish oil (FO), calcium salt of palm oil (CaPO) and/or an equal mixture of SFO + FO (SFOFO)...
February 15, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475106/combining-biotechnology-with-circular-bioeconomy-from-poultry-swine-cattle-brewery-dairy-and-urban-wastewaters-to-biohydrogen
#4
Alice Ferreira, Paula Marques, Belina Ribeiro, Paula Assemany, Henrique Vieira de Mendonça, Ana Barata, Ana Cristina Oliveira, Alberto Reis, Helena M Pinheiro, Luisa Gouveia
The ability of microalgae to grow in nutrient-rich environments and to accumulate nutrients from wastewaters (WW) makes them attractive for the sustainable and low-cost treatment of WW. The valuable biomass produced can be further used for the generation of bioenergy, animal feed, fertilizers, and biopolymers, among others. In this study, Scenedesmus obliquus was able to remove nutrients from different wastewaters (poultry, swine and cattle breeding, brewery and dairy industries, and urban) with removal ranges of 95-100% for nitrogen, 63-99% for phosphorus and 48-70% for chemical oxygen demand...
February 20, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474980/a-case-of-dextrocardia-following-maternal-exposure-to-generic-fingolimod-during-the-first-trimester-of-pregnancy
#5
Samira Navardi, Mohammad Ali Sahraian
Fingolimod, taken orally once per day, is approved for the treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS). It should be stopped at least two months before conception as it is not considered safe during pregnancy or when breast feeding. In vitro and animal studies have found a possibly increased risk of congenital abnormalities following exposure to Fingolimod. Here, we report a 34-year-old female, with a 10-year history of MS who had unexpected pregnancy with exposure to generic Fingolimod during the first 7 weeks...
February 14, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474931/alpha-syntrophin-null-mice-are-protected-from-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis-in-the-methionine-choline-deficient-diet-model-but-not-the-atherogenic-diet-model
#6
Lisa Rein-Fischboeck, Elisabeth M Haberl, Rebekka Pohl, Verena Schmid, Susanne Feder, Sabrina Krautbauer, Gerhard Liebisch, Christa Buechler
Adipose tissue dysfunction contributes to the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The adapter protein alpha-syntrophin (SNTA) is expressed in adipocytes. Knock-down of SNTA increases preadipocyte proliferation and formation of small lipid droplets, which are both characteristics of healthy adipose tissue. To elucidate a potential protective role of SNTA in NASH, SNTA null mice were fed a methionine-choline-deficient (MCD) diet or an atherogenic diet which are widely used as preclinical NASH models...
February 20, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474852/forming-groups-of-aggressive-sows-based-on-a-predictive-test-of-aggression-does-not-affect-overall-sow-aggression-or-welfare
#7
Megan Verdon, R S Morrison, P H Hemsworth
This experiment examined the effects of group composition on sow aggressive behaviour and welfare. Over 6 time replicates, 360 sows (parity 1-6) were mixed into groups (10 sows per pen, 1.8 m2 /sow) composed of animals that were predicted to be aggressive (n = 18 pens) or groups composed of animals that were randomly selected (n = 18 pens). Aggressive sows were selected based on a model-pig test that has been shown to be related to the aggressive behaviour of parity 2 sows when subsequently mixed in groups...
February 20, 2018: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474563/effects-of-heat-stress-during-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-infection-on-metabolic-responses-in-growing-pigs
#8
K M Seelenbinder, L D Zhao, M D Hanigan, M W Hulver, R P McMillan, L H Baumgard, J T Selsby, J W Ross, N K Gabler, R P Rhoads
Heat stress and immune challenges negatively impact nutrient allocation and metabolism in swine, especially due to elevated heat load. In order to assess the effects of heat stress during porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infection on metabolism, 9-week old crossbred barrows were individually housed, fed ad libitum, divided into four treatments: thermo-neutral (TN), thermo-neutral PRRSV infected (TP), heat stress (HS), and heat stress PRRSV infected (HP), and subjected to two experimental phases...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474561/pcr-based-gut-content-analysis-to-detect-predation-of-eriococcus-ironsidei-hemiptera-eriococcidae-by-coccinellidae-species-in-macadamia-nut-orchards-in-hawaii
#9
Rosemary Gutierrez-Coarite, Nicole M Yoneishi, Ishakh Pulakkatu-Thodi, Javier Mollinedo, Bernarda Calla, Mark G Wright, Scott M Geib
Macadamia felted coccid, Eriococcus ironsidei (Williams) (Hemiptera: Eriococcidae) was first found infesting macadamia trees in the island of Hawaii in 2005. Macadamia felted coccid infests all above-ground parts of trees to feed and reproduce. Their feeding activity distorts and stunts new growth which causes yellow spotting on older leaves, and when population densities become high, branch dieback occurs. Different predatory beetles have been observed in macadamia nut trees infested by E. ironsidei, the most abundant were Halmus chalybeus, Curinus coeruleus, Scymnodes lividigaster, Rhyzobius forestieri, and Sticholotis ruficeps...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474484/transgenerational-effects-of-prenatal-restricted-diet-on-gene-expression-and-histone-modifications-in-the-rat
#10
Joanna Nowacka-Woszuk, Izabela Szczerbal, Anna M Malinowska, Agata Chmurzynska
Dietary triggers acting on a developing fetus can affect the functioning of the body in later life; this can be observed on various levels, including epigenetic modifications and gene expression. Early-life programmed changes may be transmitted to successive generations. In this study, the impact of prenatal restricted diet was studied in four generations of rats. We hypothesized that this diet can induce changes in the expression of major genes involved in two epigenetic mechanisms: DNA methylation and histone modifications...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474467/pre-ingestive-selection-capacity-and-endoscopic-analysis-in-the-sympatric-bivalves-mulinia-edulis-and-mytilus-chilensis-exposed-to-diets-containing-toxic-and-non-toxic-dinoflagellates
#11
Jorge M Navarro, John Widdows, Oscar R Chaparro, Alejandro Ortíz, Carla Mellado, Paola A Villanueva
This study investigates the effects of toxic and non-toxic dinoflatellates on two sympatric bivalves, the clam Mulinia edulis and the mussel Mytilus chilensis. Groups of bivalves were fed one of three diets: (i) the toxic paralytic shellfish producing (PSP) Alexandrium catenella + Isochrysis galbana; (ii) the non-toxic Alexandrium affine + Isochrysis galbana and (iii) the control diet of Isochrysis galbana. Several physiological traits were measured, such as, clearance rate, pre-ingestive selection efficiency and particle transport velocity in the gill...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474382/the-turkish-neonatal-jaundice-online-registry-a-national-root-cause-analysis
#12
Omer Erdeve, Emel Okulu, Ozgur Olukman, Dilek Ulubas, Gokhan Buyukkale, Fatma Narter, Gaffari Tunc, Begum Atasay, Nazli Dilay Gultekin, Saadet Arsan, Esin Koc
BACKGROUND: Neonatal jaundice (NNJ) is common, but few root cause analyses based on national quality registries have been performed. An online registry was established to estimate the incidence of NNJ in Turkey and to facilitate a root cause analysis of NNJ and its complications. METHODS: A multicenter prospective study was conducted on otherwise healthy newborns born at ≥35 weeks of gestation and hospitalized for only NNJ in 50 collaborator neonatal intensive care units across Turkey over a 1-year period...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474149/fruit-flies-as-potential-vectors-of-foodborne-illness
#13
E P Black, G J Hinrichs, S J Barcay, D B Gardner
Fruit flies are a familiar sight in many food service facilities. Although they have been long considered as "nuisance pests," some of their typical daily activities suggest they may pose a potential public health threat. The aim of this study was to provide evidence of the ability of small flies to transfer bacteria from a contaminated source, food, or waste to surfaces or ready-to-eat food. Laboratory experiments were conducted by using purpose-built fly enclosures to assess the bacterial transfer capability of fruit flies...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474144/investigation-of-nonionophoric-coccidiostat-residues-in-feed-as-a-consequence-of-carryover
#14
Loredana Annunziata, Pierina Visciano, Arianna Stramenga, Maria Novella Colagrande, Guido Campana, Giampiero Scortichini, Giacomo Migliorati, Dario Compagnone
Residues of nonionophoric coccidiostats at carryover concentrations in feedstuffs collected from feed mills or animal farms in central Italy were detected as part of the official controls carried out from 2011 through 2016. The 118 samples were collected on the production line or during feed distribution and storage to determine the sampling sites at major risk of cross-contamination. For determination of nonionophoric coccidiostats, a fast, easy, and cheap method was developed and validated. Feed samples were extracted with acetonitrile-methanol and directly injected for liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473916/effects-of-diets-differing-in-composition-of-18-c-fatty-acids-on-adipose-tissue-thermogenic-gene-expression-in-mice-fed-high-fat-diets
#15
Sunhye Shin, Kolapo M Ajuwon
Dietary fatty acids play important roles in the regulation of fat accumulation or metabolic phenotype of adipocytes, either as brown or beige fat. However, a systematic comparison of effects of diets with different composition of 18-C fatty acids on browning/beiging phenotype has not been done. In this study, we compared the effects of different dietary fats, rich in specific 18-carbon fatty acids, on thermogenesis and lipid metabolism. Male C57BL/6 mice were fed a control diet containing 5.6% kcal fat from lard and 4...
February 23, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473903/the-role-of-culex-pipiens-l-diptera-culicidae-in-virus-transmission-in-europe
#16
REVIEW
Victor A Brugman, Luis M Hernández-Triana, Jolyon M Medlock, Anthony R Fooks, Simon Carpenter, Nicholas Johnson
Over the past three decades, a range of mosquito-borne viruses that threaten public and veterinary health have emerged or re-emerged in Europe. Mosquito surveillance activities have highlighted the Culex pipiens species complex as being critical for the maintenance of a number of these viruses. This species complex contains morphologically similar forms that exhibit variation in phenotypes that can influence the probability of virus transmission. Critical amongst these is the choice of host on which to feed, with different forms showing different feeding preferences...
February 23, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473848/bovine-%C3%AE-lactalbumin-hydrolysates-%C3%AE-lah-ameliorate-adipose-insulin-resistance-and-inflammation-in-high-fat-diet-fed-c57bl-6j-mice
#17
Jing Gao, Jiajia Song, Min Du, Xueying Mao
Obesity-induced adipose inflammation has been demonstrated to be a key cause of insulin resistance. Peptides derived from bovine α-lactalbumin have been shown to inhibit the activities of dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) and angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), scavenge 2,2'-azinobis [3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonate] (ABTS⁺) radical and stimulate glucagon-like peptide-2 secretion. In the present study, the effects of bovine α-lactalbumin hydrolysates (α-LAH) on adipose insulin resistance and inflammation induced by high-fat diet (HFD) were investigated...
February 23, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473655/characterisation-of-the-genetic-factors-affecting-quinolizidine-alkaloid-biosynthesis-and-its-response-to-abiotic-stress-in-narrow-leafed-lupin-lupinus-angustifolius-l
#18
Karen M Frick, Rhonda C Foley, Lars G Kamphuis, Kadambot H M Siddique, Gagan Garg, Karam B Singh
Quinolizidine alkaloids (QAs) are toxic secondary metabolites that complicate the end-use of narrow-leafed lupin (NLL; Lupinus angustifolius L.) grain, as levels sometimes exceed the industry limit for its use as a food and feed source. The genotypic and environmental influences on QA production in NLL are poorly understood. Here, the expression of QA biosynthetic genes was analysed in vegetative and reproductive tissues of bitter (high-QA) and sweet (low-QA) accessions. It was demonstrated that sweet accessions are characterised by lower QA biosynthetic gene expression exclusively in leaf and stem tissues than bitter NLL, consistent with the hypothesis that QAs are predominantly produced in aerial tissues and transported to seeds, rather than synthesised within the seed itself...
February 23, 2018: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473362/-effects-of-electroacupuncture-on-expression-of-cd36-in-peritoneal-macrophages-of-rabbits-with-atherosclerosis
#19
Zedong Cheng, Yulou Ning, Rui Wang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on the expressions of CD36 gene and protein in peritoneal macrophages of atherosclerotic rabbits, and to explore the mechanism of acupuncture regulation of atherosclerosis. METHODS: A total of 26 male New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into a blank group (7 rabbits) and a model group (19 rabbits). The rabbits in the blank group were fed with common feedstuff, and those in the model group were applied with high fat diet and arteria carotis communis bullon injury...
February 12, 2018: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473221/supplementation-of-broiler-diets-with-high-levels-of-microbial-protease-and-phytase-enables-partial-replacement-of-commercial-soybean-meal-with-raw-full-fat-soybean
#20
M M Erdaw, R A Perez-Maldonado, P A Iji
A 3 × 3 + 1 factorial, involving three levels of protease (0, 15,000 or 30,000 PROT/kg) and three levels of phytase (1,000, 2,000 or 3,000 FYT/kg), was used to evaluate the effect of replacing commercial soybean meal (SBM) with raw, full-fat soybean (RFSB) at 75 g/kg of diet for broilers. A control diet was used for comparison. Each treatment was replicated six times, with nine birds per replicate. The concentration of trypsin inhibitors (TIs) in the test diets was approximately 10,193.4 TIU/kg. Regardless of enzyme supplementation, feed intake (FI) and body weight gain (BWG) of birds in the control group were superior to those on the test diets...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
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