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Arrogance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915991/adolescent-and-parental-reactions-to-puberty-in-nigeria-and-kenya-a-cross-cultural-and-intergenerational-comparison
#1
Bamidele M Bello, Adesegun O Fatusi, Oluwatomi E Adepoju, Beatrice W Maina, Caroline W Kabiru, Marni Sommer, Kristin Mmari
PURPOSE: This qualitative study assesses the cross-cultural and intergenerational reactions of young adolescents and parents to puberty in Ile-Ife, Nigeria, and Nairobi, Kenya. METHODS: Sixty-six boys and girls (aged 11-13 years) and their parents participated in narrative interviews conducted in English or local languages in two urban poor settings in Ile-Ife and Nairobi. All interviews were recorded, transcribed, translated, and uploaded into Atlas.ti software for coding and analysis...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857578/awe-and-humility
#2
Jennifer E Stellar, Amie Gordon, Craig L Anderson, Paul K Piff, Galen D McNeil, Dacher Keltner
Humility is a foundational virtue that counters selfish inclinations such as entitlement, arrogance, and narcissism (Tangney, 2000). We hypothesize that experiences of awe promote greater humility. Guided by an appraisal-tendency framework of emotion, we propose that when individuals encounter an entity that is vast and challenges their worldview, they feel awe, which leads to self-diminishment and subsequently humility. In support of these claims, awe-prone individuals were rated as more humble by friends (Study 1) and reported greater humility across a 2-week period (Study 2), controlling for other positive emotions...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813478/development-and-validation-of-a-multi-dimensional-measure-of-intellectual-humility
#3
Mark Alfano, Kathryn Iurino, Paul Stey, Brian Robinson, Markus Christen, Feng Yu, Daniel Lapsley
This paper presents five studies on the development and validation of a scale of intellectual humility. This scale captures cognitive, affective, behavioral, and motivational components of the construct that have been identified by various philosophers in their conceptual analyses of intellectual humility. We find that intellectual humility has four core dimensions: Open-mindedness (versus Arrogance), Intellectual Modesty (versus Vanity), Corrigibility (versus Fragility), and Engagement (versus Boredom). These dimensions display adequate self-informant agreement, and adequate convergent, divergent, and discriminant validity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799002/intolerance-and-violence-against-doctors
#4
REVIEW
Meharban Singh
Intolerance and grouse against doctors is a global phenomenon but India seems to lead the world in violence against doctors. According to World Health Organization, about 8-38% healthcare workers suffer physical violence at some point in their careers. Many more are verbally abused or threatened. Public is almost behaving like health sector terrorists. The spate of increasing attacks on doctors by damaging their property and causing physical injury is not acceptable by any civilized society. The public is becoming increasingly intolerant to a large number of social issues because of poor governance and vote bank politics...
August 11, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752949/haitian-people-s-expectations-regarding-post-disaster-humanitarian-aid-teams-actions
#5
Lonzozou Kpanake, Ronald Jean-Jacques, Paul Clay Sorum, Etienne Mullet
The way people at the receiving end of humanitarian assistance perceive this intervention may provide invaluable bottom-up feedback to improve the quality of the intervention. We analyzed and mapped Haitians' views regarding international humanitarian aid in cases of natural disaster. Two hundred fifty participants-137 women and 113 men aged 18-67-who had suffered from the consequences of the earthquake in 2010 were presented with a series of vignettes depicting a humanitarian team's action and were asked to what extent these actions corresponded to what ought to be expected from an international aid mission...
July 28, 2017: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748749/spyridon-magginas-1839-1920-and-one-of-the-first-successful-radical-nephrectomies
#6
Antonis A Kousoulis, Gregory Tsoucalas
Spyridon Magginas was among the Greek doctors of the turn of the century who trained abroad with the hope of returning to their native country to offer their services. He became a professor in the "Othonion University" of Athens to promote surgery among young physicians. He was raised in an upper social class family and, reportedly, had an arrogant behaviour, which occasionally led him to have ineffective patient interactions. His patient, and an important Greek writer, Emmanuel Rhoides, nicknamed him the "surgeon beast" for neglecting his case...
July 1, 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683114/evidence-for-arrogance-on-the-relative-importance-of-expertise-outcome-and-manner
#7
Maxim Milyavsky, Arie W Kruglanski, Marina Chernikova, Noa Schori-Eyal
Arrogant behavior is as old as human nature. Nonetheless, the factors that cause people to be perceived as arrogant have received very little research attention. In this paper, we focused on a typical manifestation of arrogance: dismissive behavior. In particular, we explored the conditions under which a person who dismissed advice would be perceived as arrogant. We examined two factors: the advisee's competence, and the manner in which he or she dismissed the advice. The effect of the advisee's competence was tested by manipulating two competence cues: relative expertise, and the outcome of the advice dismissal (i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192860/amplitude-of-low-frequency-fluctuations-during-resting-state-differentially-predicts-authentic-and-hubristic-pride
#8
Feng Kong, Qiaolin He, Xiqin Liu, Xiayu Chen, Xu Wang, Jingjing Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Pride is an important, self-conscious emotion composed of two distinct conceptual facets: arrogant, egotistic "hubristic pride," and pro-social, achievement-oriented "authentic pride." However, little is known about the neural basis of the two facets of pride. Here, we investigated the association between spontaneous brain activity and these two facets of pride in resting state. METHOD: We measured 276 participants on authentic and hubristic pride. The fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (fALFF) was used to identify pride-related regions...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183332/mothers-views-about-sexual-health-education-for-their-adolescent-daughters-a-qualitative-study
#9
Mohsen Shams, Sa'adat Parhizkar, Ali Mousavizadeh, Masoumeh Majdpour
BACKGROUND: Given that mothers play a role in the sexual education of their daughters, it is important to understand their views of sexual health and related programs. This study was aimed at exploring mothers' perspectives regarding sexual health education for their adolescent daughters in Mahshahr, Iran. METHODS: In this qualitative study, in-depth interviews with ten key informants and five focus group discussions involving 28 mothers with daughters aged 12-18 were conducted...
February 10, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869775/plant-virus-infection-and-the-ubiquitin-proteasome-machinery-arms-race-along-the-endoplasmic-reticulum
#10
REVIEW
Jeanmarie Verchot
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is central to plant virus replication, translation, maturation, and egress. Ubiquitin modification of ER associated cellular and viral proteins, alongside the actions of the 26S proteasome, are vital for the regulation of infection. Viruses can arrogate ER associated ubiquitination as well as cytosolic ubiquitin ligases with the purpose of directing the ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) to new targets. Such targets include necessary modification of viral proteins which may stabilize certain complexes, or modification of Argonaute to suppress gene silencing...
November 19, 2016: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573665/an-error-of-arrogance
#11
Alessandro Stievano, Douglas Olsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2016: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573497/aspirational-characteristics-for-effective-leadership-of-improvement-teams
#12
REVIEW
Lane F Donnelly
Working on quality improvement has become an innate part of managing a pediatric radiology service. To help radiologists effectively lead improvement teams, eight aspirational characteristics are discussed. These are: 1) Be a good listener, 2) Effectively communicate around an accountability cycle, 3) Stress simplicity: Prioritization and pace, 4) Expend energy to optimize people development, 5) Lead with optimism, 6) Create a culture of wellness and sustainability, 7) Have a progressive attitude toward failure and 8) Project humility over arrogance...
January 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27495926/antimicrobial-agents-optimising-the-ecological-balance
#13
EDITORIAL
Sze-Ann Woon, Dale Fisher
BACKGROUND: There is no more challenging a group of pharmaceuticals than antimicrobials. With the antibiotic era came great optimism as countless deaths were prevented from what were previously fatal conditions. Although antimicrobial resistance was quickly identified, the abundance of antibiotics entering the market helped cement attitudes of arrogance as the "battle against pestilence appeared won". Opposite emotions soon followed as many heralded the return of the pre-antibiotic era, suggesting that the "antibiotic pipeline had dried up" and that our existing armament would soon be rendered worthless...
August 5, 2016: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27252253/stephanie-de-giorgio-hates-arrogance-and-knuckle-cracking
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27129440/reduced-frontal-cortex-thickness-and-cortical-volume-associated-with-pathological-narcissism
#15
Yu Mao, Na Sang, Yongchao Wang, Xin Hou, Hui Huang, Dongtao Wei, Jinfu Zhang, Jiang Qiu
Pathological narcissism is often characterized by arrogant behavior, a lack of empathy, and willingness to exploit other individuals. Generally, individuals with high levels of narcissism are more likely to suffer mental disorders. However, the brain structural basis of individual pathological narcissism trait among healthy people has not yet been investigated with surface-based morphometry. Thus, in this study, we investigated the relationship between cortical thickness (CT), cortical volume (CV), and individual pathological narcissism in a large healthy sample of 176 college students...
July 22, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27120725/-criticism-of-physicians-by-johannes-gregorius-macer-szepsius-1530-after-1579
#16
Šimon František, László András Magyar
Humanist author J. G. Macer Szepsius (1530-after 1579) born in Szepsi, Upper Hungary (today Slovakia, Moldava and Bodvou) lived in Krakow and was a typical author of Latin occasional poetry. In a part of his work De vera gloria libellus (Booklet on the true glory) published in 1562 he deals with certain professions and criticizes them. Physicians are described as being garrulus (loquacious), mendicus (beggar), and having a big belly due to a luxury. The Physician doesn´t read books, is lazy and not characterized by his knowledge, but rather by ignorance, arrogance and pride...
February 7, 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27096484/-assessing-unbearable-suffering-in-relation-to-euthanasia
#17
Henri Wijsbek
Dutch law permits physicians to perform euthanasia, provided they fulfil six criteria of due care. Prominent among these is the requirement that they are convinced that the patient is suffering unbearably. But how can they be sure of that? The problem seems to be that this criterion is too subjective on two scores: it makes the patient dependent on the empathic capacities of his physician, and it would be arrogant for the physician to deny that the patient is suffering unbearably if that is what the patient tells them...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26995448/the-missing-skull-professor-lundborg-and-the-mismeasure-of-grandma
#18
Henrik Kylin
What is science? Or, more pertinently, what is good science? This question is central for all practitioners of science and one of the most important to convey to our students. For those of us working in interdisciplinary settings - my own department covers everything from humanities to political and natural science - the question becomes even more complicated when traditions from different disciplines collide. For me personally, whenever I think too highly of my own research and risk deviating into bad scientific practices, I think of my paternal grandmother, Elsa...
June 2016: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26883472/evidence-based-or-arrogance-based-medicine
#19
LETTER
Muhammad Khizar Rafiq, Chris Mcdermott, Pamela Shaw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26830544/the-relationship-between-physician-humility-physician-patient-communication-and-patient-health
#20
Peter M Ruberton, Ho P Huynh, Tricia A Miller, Elliott Kruse, Joseph Chancellor, Sonja Lyubomirsky
OBJECTIVE: Cultural portrayals of physicians suggest an unclear and even contradictory role for humility in the physician-patient relationship. Despite the social importance of humility, however, little empirical research has linked humility in physicians with patient outcomes or the characteristics of the doctor-patient visit. The present study investigated the relationship between physician humility, physician-patient communication, and patients' perceptions of their health during a planned medical visit...
July 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
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