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Belén Barajas Iglesias, Ignacio Jáuregui Lobera, Isabel Laporta Herrero, Miguel Ángel Santed Germán
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies provide relevant information about the relationship between personality and eating disorders (ED). The involvement of personality factors in the etiology and maintenance of ED indicates the need of emphasizing the study of the adolescent's personality when diagnosed of ED. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to analyze the adolescent's personality profiles that differ significantly in anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN), and to explore the most common profiles and their associations with those subtypes of eating disorders (ED)...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Feng Kong, Qiaolin He, Xiqin Liu, Xiayu Chen, Xu Wang, Jingjing Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Pride is an important, self-conscious emotion composed of two distinct conceptual facets: arrogant, egotistic "hubristic pride," and pro-social, achievement-oriented "authentic pride." However, little is known about the neural basis of the two facets of pride. Here, we investigated the association between spontaneous brain activity and these two facets of pride in resting state. METHOD: We measured 276 participants on authentic and hubristic pride...
April 2018: Journal of Personality
Sara García-Sánchez, Josep Lluís Matalí, María Martín-Fernández, Marta Pardo, Maria Lleras, Carmina Castellano-Tejedor, Josep Maria Haro
Cannabis is the illicit substance most widely used by adolescents. Certain personality traits such as impulsivity and sensation seeking, and the subjective effects experienced after substance use (e.g. euphoria or relaxation) have been identified as some of the main etiological factors of consumption. This study aims to categorize a sample of adolescent cannabis users based on their most dominant personality traits (internalizing and externalizing profile). Then, to make a comparison of both profiles considering a set of variables related to consumption, clinical severity and subjective effects experienced...
October 6, 2016: Adicciones
Shi-Yun Ho, Eddie M W Tong, Lile Jia
Research demonstrates that there are 2 distinct facets of pride: the prosocial, achievement-oriented form of pride known as authentic pride, and the self-aggrandizing, egotistical form of pride known as hubristic pride. This research examined whether authentic pride and hubristic pride have divergent effects on delay of gratification. Support was found for the prediction that authentic pride would facilitate the ability to delay gratification, whereas hubristic pride would undermine it. Also, self-transcendent value affirmation was demonstrated to moderate the effects of pride on delayed gratification...
December 2016: Emotion
Zawar Hussain Khichi, Muhammad Humayun, Kanwal Kumar N Prithiani, Qazi Muhammad Akbar, Ghulam Qadir Kaheri
BACKGROUND: Man has been egotist by nature and from Ancient time man has been endeavouring to bring under power other human beings. With the passage of time and growth of civilization this trend has been increased. Now there are more dangerous ways of violence and torture in use for twisting and turning people around. Inflection of fabricated injuries is one of the ways for fulfilment of his lust. Incidence of fabricated injuries is related with crime rate in any society, and this practice is carried out through out the world...
July 2009: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Matt Ffytche
The unconscious is implicated in Romantic and liberal discourses of autonomous individuality, and these insinuate themselves in complex ways into Freud's descriptions of the psyche. Focusing on "The Interpretation of Dreams," the paper examines the fortunes of notions such as autonomy and selfhood, beginning with a consideration of Freud's languages of determinism, and moving on to the theory of the wish. In particular it examines ambiguities in the accounts of sexual and egotistical wishes, and in the portrayal of egotism itself...
2007: Psychoanalysis and History
Gerald W Grumet
This essay examines the lives of five great scientists who contributed enormously to mankind. Although their lives were vastly different, they all trod a final common pathway in securing scientific breakthroughs. These were stubborn, egotistical, tenacious, work-oriented people who could not be deterred by obstacles of any sort. They exemplify the unbreakable spirit required to achieve greatness. A surprising finding is the extent of hostility they all aroused from closed-minded people in society who were upset by the implications of their new ideas...
June 2008: Psychological Reports
Luis H Toledo-Pereyra
Harvey Cushing (1869-1939) is considered one of the great surgical innovators of his generation. His strong determination, self-driven attitude, intense desire to succeed, and clear intellect aided him in his ascent to the top of a new field of medicine, neurosurgery. His innovative force is characterized within the context of his personality and the development of the specialty. Details associated with his innovative spirit, as well as the discipline's history, and Cushing's immense contributions to neurosurgery are discussed...
May 2008: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
Stephanie R Penney, Marlene M Moretti, Kimberley S Da Silva
This study investigated the psychometric properties and predictive validity of three self-report scales (the Psychopathy Content Scale, the Psychopathy-16 scale, and the Egotistic scale) derived from the Millon Adolescent Clinical Inventory (MACI) to screen for the presence of psychopathic and narcissistic personality characteristics. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed in a sample of 173 clinic-referred adolescents (ages 12-17), results from which suggested that these scales are multidimensional in nature...
April 2008: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Bertrand Kiefer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2007: Revue Médicale Suisse
F L Rosenfeldt, J T Dowling, S Pepe, M J Fullerton
Engaging in the scientific publication process can be for both altruistic and egotistical reasons; publication advances the state of scientific knowledge while advancing your institution and your career. Writing for publication means setting aside a location and time dedicated entirely to the process of planning and writing. It is easiest to begin with the Methods section, then the Results, followed by the Discussion, which is the most challenging part of a paper. A realistic assessment of the value of the article will determine the level of journal into which it is likely to gain acceptance...
October 2000: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Kathleen D Vohs, Roy F Baumeister, Natalie J Ciarocco
Self-presentation may require self-regulation, especially when familiar or dispositional tendencies must be overridden in service of the desired impression. Studies 1-4 showed that self-presentation under challenging conditions or according to counter-normative patterns (presenting oneself modestly to strangers, boastfully to friends, contrary to gender norms, to a skeptical audience, or while being a racial token) led to impaired self-regulation later, suggesting that those self-presentations depleted self-regulatory resources...
April 2005: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1964: Journal of Urology
Glenn Flores
Cinematic depictions of physicians potentially can affect public expectations and the patient-physician relationship, but little attention has been devoted to portrayals of physicians in movies. The objective of the study was the analysis of cinematic depictions of physicians to determine common demographic attributes of movie physicians, major themes, and whether portrayals have changed over time. All movies released on videotape with physicians as main characters and readily available to the public were viewed in their entirety...
July 2002: Journal of the National Medical Association
M I Zaichenko, N G Mikhailova, Raigorodskii YuV
Male Wistar rats were separated according to the "emotional resonance" method (groups of animals avoiding ("altruists") and not avoiding ("egotists") the pain cries of partner rats) and neuron activity in the prefrontal areas of the cortex was studied in the right and left hemispheres. Assessments were made of changes in the frequency of nerve cell spike activity (in relation to the baseline activity of neurons in sated animals) in rats subjected to one day of food deprivation and after electrical stimulation of emotionally positive (lateral hypothalamus) and negative (tegmentum of the midbrain) brain structures and after exposure to the pain cries of partner rats...
May 2001: Neuroscience and Behavioral Physiology
K Kerfoot
Authentic humility is strategic for the success of leaders. It is strategic from the perspective of the egotistically free relationship humility establishes with the staff, patients, and others. The lack of strategic humility explains the inevitable downfall of people who are motivated to lead by power and status. It also explains why leaders who always remember where they came from, and who are motivated by what they can do for patients and staff, succeed.
July 1998: Nursing Economic$
V Sigusch
The affluent societies of the Western world have witnessed a tremendous cultural and social transformation of sexuality during the 1980s and 1990s, a process I refer to as the neosexual revolution. Up to now, this recoding and reassessment of sexuality has proceeded rather slowly and quietly. Yet both its real and its symbolic effects may indeed be more consequential than those brought about in the course of the rapid, noisy sexual revolution of the 1960s and 1970s. The neosexual revolution is dismantling the old patterns of sexuality and reassembling them anew...
August 1998: Archives of Sexual Behavior
A Sinha
The pressures of developing and maintaining intricate social relationships may have led to the evolution of enhanced cognitive abilities in many nonhuman primates. Knowledge of the dominance ranks and social relationships of other individuals, in particular, is important in evaluating one's position in the rank hierarchy and affiliative networks. Triadic interactions offer an excellent opportunity to examine whether decisions are taken by individuals on the basis of such knowledge. Allogrooming supplants among wild female bonnet macaques (macaca radiata) usually involved the subordinate female of a grooming dyad retreating at the approach of a female dominant to both members of the dyad...
April 29, 1998: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
A Fernández Montoya, J de Dios Luna del Castillo, A López Berrio, A Rodríguez Fernández
OBJECTIVE: To know and compare the beliefs, attitudes and motivations of donors and non-donors in relation with blood donation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Transversal study by questionnaires administered to 197 blood donors and 303 non-donors. The questionnaires gathered: sociodemographic data, beliefs and attitudes (using a Likert scale), and motivations and demotivations (using upon questions). The responses were analysed using different descriptive analyses and bivariant tests, and factorial analysis and discriminant analysis were performed as multivariant analyses...
December 1996: Sangre
R F Baumeister, T F Heatherton, D M Tice
The tendency for people with high self-esteem to make inflated assessments and predictions about themselves carries the risk of making commitments that exceed capabilities, thus leading to failure. Ss chose their performance contingencies in a framework where larger rewards were linked to a greater risk of failure. In the absence of ego threat, Ss with high self-esteem showed superior self-regulation: They set appropriate goals and performed effectively. Ego threat, however, caused Ss with high self-esteem to set inappropriate, risky goals that were beyond their performance capabilities so they ended up with smaller rewards than Ss with low self-esteem...
January 1993: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
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