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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340716/congenital-blindness-limits-allocentric-to-egocentric-switching-ability
#1
Gennaro Ruggiero, Francesco Ruotolo, Tina Iachini
Many everyday spatial activities require the cooperation or switching between egocentric (subject-to-object) and allocentric (object-to-object) spatial representations. The literature on blind people has reported that the lack of vision (congenital blindness) may limit the capacity to represent allocentric spatial information. However, research has mainly focused on the selective involvement of egocentric or allocentric representations, not the switching between them. Here we investigated the effect of visual deprivation on the ability to switch between spatial frames of reference...
January 16, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322194/spanish-fly-cantharidin-s-alter-ego
#2
Benjamin Falck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314092/bayesian-analysis-of-multimethod-ego-depletion-studies-favours-the-null-hypothesis
#3
Joseph L Etherton, Randall Osborne, Katelyn Stephenson, Morgan Grace, Chas Jones, Alessandro De Nadai
Ego-depletion refers to the purported decrease in performance on a task requiring self-control after engaging in a previous task involving self-control, with self-control proposed to be a limited resource. Despite many published studies consistent with this hypothesis, recurrent null findings within our laboratory and indications of publication bias have called into question the validity of the depletion effect. This project used three depletion protocols involved three different depleting initial tasks followed by three different self-control tasks as dependent measures (total n = 840)...
January 4, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314025/disrupted-narrative-and-narrative-symbol
#4
Georgije Vuletić
In this article a specific type of narrative, which often appears in analytic sessions, is discussed. It is characterized by a seemingly ordinary, everyday topic and by a peculiar disruption of the narrative flow. The threefold structure of this type of narrative is described, along with its main characteristics. One element of this type of narrative is very similar to symbolic content or complex symbolic structures, e.g. dreams, the sort of material that can be used for the purpose of interpretation. The similarities as well as the differences are elaborated in the article...
February 2018: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304965/editorial-commentary-prognosticators-for-outcomes-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction%C3%A2-time-to-beat-a-different-dead-horse
#5
EDITORIAL
Richard B Meredick
The outcomes of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, be it single or double bundle, continue to be analyzed with exhaustion. There is strong evidence regarding the measurable effects of femoral tunnel position as well as the contributions that age, time to surgery, and concomitant pathology have on outcomes of this procedure. We are surgeons with big egos. We like to think that what we do in surgery is all that dictates the outcome. Maybe it is time to broaden the focus of our investigation.
January 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295006/seeking-help-from-police-for-intimate-partner-violence-applying-a-relationship-phase-framework-to-the-exploration-of-victims-evolving-needs
#6
Kim M Shearson
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a pervasive social problem requiring multiple levels of intervention across sectors. Women experiencing IPV often seek assistance from police. Such help-seeking efforts are frequently perceived as problematic by both victims and police. A deeper understanding of victims' needs than is currently evident in the literature is needed to facilitate an appropriate, victim-centered police response across a diverse range of victim presentations. Applying a symbolic interactionist and feminist perspective and guided by a constructivist grounded theory approach, this qualitative study aimed to explore the application of Landenburger's model of entrapment in and recovery from violent relationships to understand victims' help-seeking needs when accessing police services...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287731/predictors-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-burn-patients-in-pakistan-the-role-of-reconstructive-surgery-in-post-burn-psychosocial-adjustment
#7
Ahmed Waqas, Nahal Raza, Termina Zahid, Abdul Rehman, Tooba Hamid, Ayesha Hanif, Mehak Jamal, Ayesha Farrukh, Abeera Azam, Marvee Turk, Muhammad Ashraf Chaudhry
BACKGROUND: Burns are a common cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is among the most prevalent psychopathologies documented among burn patients. However, little is known regarding the risk factors for post-burn PTSD outside the well-documented Western world context. The present study aims to elucidate the biopsychosocial correlates of PTSD among burn patients in Pakistan. METHODS: A total 343 burn patients were evaluated across four teaching hospitals in the Punjab province of Pakistan between August and December of 2016...
December 26, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285400/structural-insight-into-the-ragulator-complex-which-anchors-mtorc1-to-the-lysosomal-membrane
#8
Zongkai Mu, Lei Wang, Wei Deng, Jiawei Wang, Geng Wu
The mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) signal-transduction pathway plays a key role in regulating many aspects of metabolic processes. The central player of the mTOR signaling pathway, mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1), is recruited by the pentameric Ragulator complex and the heterodimeric Rag GTPase complex to the lysosomal membrane and thereafter activated. Here, we determined the crystal structure of the human Ragulator complex, which shows that Lamtor1 possesses a belt-like shape and wraps the other four subunits around...
2017: Cell Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250011/importance-of-the-motivational-climate-in-goal-enjoyment-and-the-causes-of-success-in-handball-players
#9
Antonio Granero-Gallegos, Manuel Gómez-López, Nuria Rodríguez-Suárez, J Arturo Abraldes, Marianna Alesi, Antonino Bianco
The purpose of the study is to examine the effects of the motivational climate created by the coach and perceived by a group of young handball players on their goal orientations, their beliefs regarding reasons for success and their self-satisfaction. The study participants were 159 young handball players. Players were administered a battery composed of tests to measure the above-mentioned motivational constructs. Results showed that a perceived mastery-oriented motivational climate was positively related to a task-centered goal orientation, enjoyment, and a belief that success may be achieved through effort...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235936/ego-involvement-increases-doping-likelihood
#10
Christopher Ring, Maria Kavussanu
Achievement goal theory provides a framework to help understand how individuals behave in achievement contexts, such as sport. Evidence concerning the role of motivation in the decision to use banned performance enhancing substances (i.e., doping) is equivocal on this issue. The extant literature shows that dispositional goal orientation has been weakly and inconsistently associated with doping intention and use. It is possible that goal involvement, which describes the situational motivational state, is a stronger determinant of doping intention...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233177/influences-of-perfectionism-and-motivational-climate-on-attitudes-towards-doping-among-korean-national-athletes-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Moonjung Bae, Jungjoong Yoon, Hyunyong Kang, Taegyu Kim
BACKGROUND: The motives for elite athletes to dope are related primarily to maintaining and improving their physical performance. Especially, elite athletes training to compete in the Olympics may feel unique situational pressure, which may in turn induce powerful motivation for doping and predict doping behavior. This study aimed to investigate possible factors associated with attitudes towards doping in Korean national athletes who competed in the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. METHODS: A total of 198 athletes (95 female, 103 male) completed the questionnaire, which covered demographic information, doping-related experiences, Performance Enhancement Attitude Scale (PEAS), Perfectionism in Sports Scale (PSS; coach's criticism, concern over mistakes, and personal standards), and Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire-2 (PMCSQ-2; ego-involving and task-involving climates)...
December 12, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218771/menopause-related-appendicular-bone-loss-is-mainly-cortical-and-results-in-increased-cortical-porosity
#12
Åshild Bjørnerem, Xiaofang Wang, Minh Bui, Ali Ghasem-Zadeh, John L Hopper, Roger Zebaze, Ego Seeman
After menopause, remodeling becomes unbalanced and rapid. Each of the many remodeling transactions deposits less bone than it resorbed, producing microstructural deterioration. Trabecular bone is said to be lost more rapidly than cortical bone. However, because 80% of the skeleton is cortical, we hypothesized that most menopause-related bone loss and changes in bone microstructure are cortical, not trabecular in origin, and are the result of intracortical remodeling. Distal tibial and distal radial microstructure were quantified during 3...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214873/a-highly-sensitive-mir-195-nanobiosensor-for-early-detection-of-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Zahra Aghili, Navid Nasirizadeh, Adeleh Divsalar, Shahram Shoeibi, Parichehreh Yaghmaei
Early detection of Parkinson's disease (PD), as a dangerous neurodegenerative disease, is a key factor in the therapy or prevention of further development of this disease. We developed an electrochemical nanobiosensor for early detection of PD based on the quantification of circulating biomarker, miR-195. Exfoliated graphene oxide (EGO) and gold nanowires (GNWs) were used to modify the surface of screen-printed carbon electrode. A single-strand thiolated probe was designed for specific hybridization with target miRNA (miR-195), and doxorubicin was used as an electrochemical indicator for differential pulse voltammetry measurements...
December 7, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206224/efficient-encoding-of-motion-is-mediated-by-gap-junctions-in-the-fly-visual-system
#14
Siwei Wang, Alexander Borst, Noga Zaslavsky, Naftali Tishby, Idan Segev
Understanding the computational implications of specific synaptic connectivity patterns is a fundamental goal in neuroscience. In particular, the computational role of ubiquitous electrical synapses operating via gap junctions remains elusive. In the fly visual system, the cells in the vertical-system network, which play a key role in visual processing, primarily connect to each other via axonal gap junctions. This network therefore provides a unique opportunity to explore the functional role of gap junctions in sensory information processing...
December 4, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204131/-leave-your-ego-at-the-door-a-narrative-investigation-into-effective-wingsuit-flying
#15
Cedric Arijs, Stiliani Chroni, Eric Brymer, David Carless
In recent years there has been a rapid growth in interest in extreme sports. For the most part research has focused on understanding motivations for participation in extreme sports and very little research has attempted to investigate the psychological structure of effective performance. Those few studies that have attempted to explore this issue have tested models designed for traditional sport on adventure sports. However, extreme sports are not the same as adventure sports or traditional sports. This study employed a narrative approach to investigate experiences of effective performance in the extreme sport of proximity wingsuit flying...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193238/experiences-of-living-with-a-sexually-transmitted-disease-an-integrative-review
#16
REVIEW
Toni Haapa, Tarja Suominen, Eija Paavilainen, Jari Kylmä
PURPOSE: This integrative review describes experiences related to living with a sexually transmitted disease (STD). DESIGN: The data search was conducted using the CINAHL, MEDLINE (Ovid), PsycINFO and PubMed databases between the years 2000 and 2016. A manual search was also used. The retrieved data consisted of 33 original articles which were analysed using deductive and inductive content analysis. RESULTS: Based on the results, an infected person has a need for information about STDs and experiences emotions such as a loss of purity and control over his/her body...
November 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187805/how-friends-involvement-in-crime-affects-the-risk-of-offending-and-victimization
#17
Josja J Rokven, Gijs de Boer, Jochem Tolsma, Stijn Ruiter
This article examines how friends' involvement in crime influences such involvement in those around them, as offenders or victims, and the extent to which such friendship effects vary with contact frequency, friendship intimacy, and geographical proximity. To test our hypotheses we used four waves from the Dutch panel survey CrimeNL, which includes ego-centered network measures in each wave for respondents aged between 16 and 45. To test our hypotheses, fixed-effects panel models were employed. The results show that living in close proximity to delinquent friends increases people's own risk of offending, and daily interaction with these friends decreases the risk of victimization...
November 2017: European Journal of Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186726/-death-anxiety-and-its-importance-for-psychiatry
#18
Georg Juckel, Paraskevi Mavrogiorgou
Inner dealing with the question of death as well as death anxiety accompany human beings from the beginning, which is reflected by the different philosophical and religious positions. It is obvious that work on this issue is sparse in the field of psychiatric disorders. Due to the few literatures it can however be assumed that death anxiety plays a greater role within the changed thoughts and feelings of psychiatric patients, whose intensity we probably determine and assess in non-sufficient manner yet. The terms are defined and the problematic of ego destruction in patients with schizophrenia as expression of death anxiety is specifically discussed...
November 29, 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174562/an-even-distribution-of-protein-intake-daily-promotes-protein-adequacy-but-does-not-influence-nutritional-status-in-institutionalized-elderly
#19
Michael Tieland, Janne Beelen, Anna C M Laan, Shirley Poon, Lisette C P G M de Groot, Ego Seeman, Xiaofang Wang, Sandra Iuliano
OBJECTIVE: Although it has been established that sufficient protein is required to maintain good nutritional status and support healthy aging, it is not clear if the pattern of protein consumption may also influence nutritional status, especially in institutionalized elderly who are at risk of malnutrition. Therefore, we aim to determine the association between protein intake distribution and nutritional status in institutionalized elderly people. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study among 481 institutionalized older adults...
November 21, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165146/association-between-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-severity-and-ego-structure-of-the-nanai-people
#20
Yoko Ota, Natalia Korshunova, Masashi Demura, Midori Katsuyama, Hironobu Katsuyama, Sri Ratna Rahayu, Kiyofumi Saijoh
BACKGROUND: A man-made chemical disaster occurred in the Amur River, leading to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the Nanai people indigenous to the river's surrounding area. PTSD severity measured by the total scores of Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) (Total-I) and Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) (Total-C) were not always identical in terms of demographic and ethnocultural characters. It is possible that the results derived using the Total-I and Total-C may differ for persons with different backgrounds and/or individual characteristics...
July 10, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
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