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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763431/the-efficacy-of-life-review-therapy-combined-with-memory-specificity-training-lrt-mst-targeting-cancer-patients-in-palliative-care-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Gitta Kleijn, Birgit I Lissenberg-Witte, Ernst T Bohlmeijer, Bas Steunenberg, Kitty Knipscheer-Kuijpers, Vincent Willemsen, Annemarie Becker, Egbert F Smit, Corien M Eeltink, Anna M E Bruynzeel, Maurice van der Vorst, Remco de Bree, C René Leemans, Michiel W M van den Brekel, Pim Cuijpers, Irma M Verdonck-de Leeuw
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an intervention combining Life Review Therapy (LRT) and Memory Specificity Training (MST) (LRT-MST) to improve ego-integrity and despair among cancer patients in palliative care. METHODS: In this multicentre randomized controlled trial, cancer patients in palliative care were randomized to the intervention group (LRT-MST; n = 55) or waiting-list control group (n = 52). LRT-MST is a 4-session home-based psychological intervention that aims to retrieve specific positive memories, to re-evaluate life events and to reconstruct the story of a patient's life, including the diagnosis of incurable cancer...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755184/financial-and-emotional-support-in-close-personal-ties-among-central-asian-migrant-women-in-russia
#2
Olga Kornienko, Victor Agadjanian, Cecilia Menjívar, Natalia Zotova
This study advances research on the role of personal networks as sources of financial and emotional support in immigrants' close personal ties beyond the immediate family. Because resource scarcity experienced by members of immigrant communities is likely to disrupt normatively expected reciprocal support, we explored multi-level predictors of exchange processes with personal network members that involve (1) only receiving support, (2) only providing support, and (3) reciprocal support exchanges. We focus on an understudied case of Central Asian migrant women in the Russian Federation using a sample of 607 women from three ethnic groups-Kyrgyz, Tajik, Uzbek-who were surveyed in two large Russian cities-Nizhny Novgorod and Kazan...
May 2018: Social Networks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749973/difficult-people-who-is-perceived-to-be-demanding-in-personal-networks-and-why-are-they-there
#3
Shira Offer, Claude S Fischer
Why do people maintain ties with individuals whom they find difficult? Standard network theories imply that such alters are avoided or dropped. Drawing on a survey of over 1,100 diverse respondents who described over 12,000 relationships, we examined which among those ties respondents nominated as a person whom they "sometimes find demanding or difficult." Those so listed composed about 15 percent of all alters in the network. After holding ego and alter traits constant, close kin, especially women relatives and aging parents, were especially likely to be named as difficult alters...
February 2018: American Sociological Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740086/similar-but-separate-systems-underlie-perceptual-bistability-in-vision-and-audition
#4
Susan L Denham, Dávid Farkas, Raymond van Ee, Mihaela Taranu, Zsuzsanna Kocsis, Marina Wimmer, David Carmel, István Winkler
The dynamics of perceptual bistability, the phenomenon in which perception switches between different interpretations of an unchanging stimulus, are characterised by very similar properties across a wide range of qualitatively different paradigms. This suggests that perceptual switching may be triggered by some common source. However, it is also possible that perceptual switching may arise from a distributed system, whose components vary according to the specifics of the perceptual experiences involved. Here we used a visual and an auditory task to determine whether individuals show cross-modal commonalities in perceptual switching...
May 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739296/the-ego-defensive-role-of-legitimacy-how-threat-based-justifications-protect-the-self-esteem-of-discriminators
#5
Cicero Roberto Pereira, José Luis Álvaro, Jorge Vala
This article analyzes the ego-defensive role played by legitimation, by examining the hypothesis that threat-based justifications attenuate the negative effect on an individual's self-esteem caused by his or her becoming aware of his or her own discriminatory behavior. Across three studies (including a pilot experiment), participants who were led to believe that they had acted in a discriminatory way experienced a decrease in their self-esteem. In Study 1 ( N = 116), this effect was nullified when discrimination was justified by either symbolic or realistic threat perceptions...
May 1, 2018: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733228/children-and-unhealthy-food-consumption-an-application-of-the-theory-of-normative-social-behavior
#6
Kira Varava
Childhood obesity is a growing problem in the United States. This study used the theory of normative social behavior (TNSB) to better understand how social norms affect the eating behavior of children. Past studies have applied TNSB to adolescents, but not to younger children and not in the context of eating behavior. Participants were 166 children between the ages of 8 and 11 years. They completed questionnaires with TNSB measures (descriptive norms, injunctive norms, outcome expectations, peer communication, group identity, and ego involvement)...
May 7, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724008/emotional-intelligence-motivational-climate-and-levels-of-anxiety-in-athletes-from-different-categories-of-sports-analysis-through-structural-equations
#7
Manuel Castro-Sánchez, Félix Zurita-Ortega, Ramón Chacón-Cuberos, Carlos Javier López-Gutiérrez, Edson Zafra-Santos
(1) Background: Psychological factors can strongly affect the athletes’ performance. Therefore, currently the role of the sports psychologist is particularly relevant, being in charge of training the athlete’s psychological factors. This study aims at analysing the connections between motivational climate in sport, anxiety and emotional intelligence depending on the type of sport practised (individual/team) by means of a multigroup structural equations analysis. (2) 372 semi-professional Spanish athletes took part in this investigation, analysing motivational climate (PMCSQ-2), emotional intelligence (SSRI) and levels of anxiety (STAI)...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722599/champions-are-racers-not-pacers-an-analysis-of-qualification-patterns-of-olympic-and-iaaf-world-championship-middle-distance-runners
#8
Brian Hanley, Florentina J Hettinga
The aim of this study was to analyse qualification patterns in middle distance running and identify whether athletes adopt theoretically optimal tactics, or whether the will to win overrides these. The performances of 295 men and 258 women finalists in the Olympic and IAAF World Championship 800 m and 1500 m events from 1999 to 2017 were analysed across all three rounds of competition. Finishing position, time and ranking amongst all competitors were found for each athlete. Position in the final was correlated with finishing position in the heats and semi-finals (all P < 0...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719721/exercise-stereotypes-and-fatigue-in-people-living-with-hiv-does-self-efficacy-play-a-mediating-or-a-moderating-role
#9
Laura Gray, Aïna Chalabaev, Jacques Durant, Eric Rosenthal, Christian Pradier, Martin Duracinsky, Isabelle Rouanet, Laura Schuft, Serge S Colson, Fabienne d'Arripe-Longueville
Background: Recent research suggests that exercise stereotypes may influence physical activity through ego depletion and internalization mechanisms. The objective of this study was to better understand exercise stereotypes mechanisms among people living with HIV (PLHIV) by further examining the role of exercise self-efficacy and perceived physical fatigue in the relationship between exercise stereotypes and physical activity. Methods: Three hundred five people living with HIV were recruited to provide data on their stereotypes related to exercise, exercise self-efficacy, perceived physical fatigue as well as their level of physical activity (PA)...
2018: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709003/mindset-switching-increases-the-use-of-want-based-over-should-based-behaviors
#10
Jin Yan, Nan-Nan Zhang, Dai-Xuan Xu
This study examines the consequences of mindset switching on behavioral choices in want/should conflicts. Building on the insights of the ego depletion literature, we propose that mindset switching depletes individuals' self-control resources and therefore prompts the choice of want behavior, which provides immediate pleasure, over should behavior, which provides long-term utility. Four laboratory experiments with university students that stimulated individuals to switch mindsets were conducted to test our hypotheses...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706923/ego-depletion-does-not-interfere-with-working-memory-performance
#11
Ranjit K Singh, Anja S Göritz
Ego depletion happens if exerting self-control reduces a person's capacity to subsequently control themselves. Previous research has suggested that ego depletion not only interferes with subsequent self-control but also with working memory. However, recent meta-analytical evidence casts doubt onto this. The present study tackles the question if ego depletion does interfere with working memory performance. We induced ego depletion in two ways: using an e-crossing task and using a Stroop task. We then measured working memory performance using the letter-number sequencing task...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705289/generativity-affects-fear-of-death-through-ego-integrity-in-german-czech-and-cameroonian-older-adults
#12
Holger Busch, Jan Hofer, Iva Poláčková Šolcová, Peter Tavel
This cross-cultural study examined a potential direct effect of generativity and indirect effect through ego integrity on fear of death. In sum, 617 adults aged 60-86 from Germany, the Czech Republic, and Cameroon provided self-report information on their generative concern, ego integrity, and fear of death. Whereas it had no direct effect, generativity had an indirect effect on fear of death: It was associated with increased ego integrity which, in turn, was associated with reduced fear of death. This pattern was verified for the three cultural groups via structural equation modeling...
April 18, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704419/changes-in-ego-strength-in-patients-with-neurotic-and-personality-disorders-treated-with-a-short-term-comprehensive-psychodynamic-psychotherapy
#13
Katarzyna Cyranka, Krzysztof Rutkowski, Michał Mielimąka, Jerzy A Sobański, Katarzyna Klasa, Łukasz Müldner-Nieckowski, Edyta Dembińska, Bogna Smiatek-Mazgaj, Paweł Rodziński
OBJECTIVES: Analysis of changes in ego strength in the course of group psychotherapy in patients treated with neurotic and selected personality disorders (F40-F61, ICD-10). METHODS: 82 patients (61 women and 21 men) participated in the study. They underwent intensive short-term group psychotherapy treatment in a day hospital for neurotic and behavioural disorders. The assessment of the patients' personality functioning was carried out at the onset and the end of the psychotherapy...
February 28, 2018: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698392/gtr-ego-independent-torc1-activation-is-achieved-through-a-glutamine-sensitive-interaction-with-pib2-on-the-vacuolar-membrane
#14
Hirofumi Ukai, Yasuhiro Araki, Shintaro Kira, Yu Oikawa, Alexander I May, Takeshi Noda
TORC1 is a central regulator of cell growth in response to amino acids. The role of the evolutionarily conserved Gtr/Rag pathway in the regulation of TORC1 is well-established. Recent genetic studies suggest that an additional regulatory pathway, depending on the activity of Pib2, plays a role in TORC1 activation independently of the Gtr/Rag pathway. However, the interplay between the Pib2 pathway and the Gtr/Rag pathway remains unclear. In this study, we show that Pib2 and Gtr/Ego form distinct complexes with TORC1 in a mutually exclusive manner, implying dedicated functional relationships between TORC1 and Pib2 or Gtr/Rag in response to specific amino acids...
April 2018: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694976/studying-effects-and-process-in-psychotherapy-for-personality-disorders
#15
Franz Caspar
This presentation gives an overview of the methods used for research on the process and outcome of psychotherapy. Possibilities as well as difficulties will be discussed, such as the conflict between internal and external validity and standardized versus individualized procedures as some of the issues deserving particular attention for research on psychotherapy for personality disorder patients. It is argued that good psychotherapy research is also good psychotherapy research for personality disorders, with heterogeneity, ego-syntony, and ambivalent motivation needing special attention...
April 25, 2018: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673230/tightly-coupled-gnss-vision-using-a-sky-pointing-camera-for-vehicle-navigation-in-urban-areas
#16
Paul Verlaine Gakne, Kyle O'Keefe
This paper presents a method of fusing the ego-motion of a robot or a land vehicle estimated from an upward-facing camera with Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) signals for navigation purposes in urban environments. A sky-pointing camera is mounted on the top of a car and synchronized with a GNSS receiver. The advantages of this configuration are two-fold: firstly, for the GNSS signals, the upward-facing camera will be used to classify the acquired images into sky and non-sky (also known as segmentation)...
April 17, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672596/factors-associated-with-disclosing-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-sexual-behaviors-and-hiv-positive-status-a-study-based-on-a-social-network-analysis-in-nanjing-china
#17
Lusi Chen, Dashuai Lian, Bei Wang
OBJECTIVE: We explored the factors associated with disclosure of men who have with sex with men (MSM) behaviors and HIV-positive status among HIV-positive MSM in Nanjing, China. METHODS: Social network analysis and epidemiological methods were combined in this pilot study. Information about participants' (egos') characteristics and behaviors and their social network members (alters) were collected through interview-administered questionnaires. General estimating equation logistic regression analysis was applied in both univariate and multivariate analysis...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669462/the-negative-feedback-dysregulation-effect-losses-of-motor-control-in-response-to-negative-feedback
#18
Robert J Klein, Michael D Robinson
Negative feedback has paradoxical features to it. This form of feedback can have informational value under some circumstances, but it can also threaten the ego, potentially upsetting behaviour as a result. To investigate possible consequences of the latter type, two experiments (total N = 159) presented positive or negative feedback within a sequence-prediction task that could not be solved. Following feedback, participants had to control their behaviours as effectively as possible in a motor control task...
April 19, 2018: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667122/the-gene-editing-of-super-ego
#19
Bjørn Hofmann
New emerging biotechnologies, such as gene editing, vastly extend our ability to alter the human being. This comes together with strong aspirations to improve humans not only physically, but also mentally, morally, and socially. These conjoined ambitions aggregate to what can be labelled "the gene editing of super-ego." This article investigates a general way used to argue for new biotechnologies, such as gene-editing: if it is safe and efficacious to implement technology X for the purpose of a common good Y, why should we not do so? This is a rhetorical question with a conditional, and may be dismissed as such...
April 17, 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652612/quiet-ego-self-regulatory-skills-and-perceived-stress-in-college-students
#20
Heidi A Wayment, Keragan Cavolo
OBJECTIVE: Examine the unique contributions of self-control and grit subscales (perseverance, interest consistency) as potential mediators of the relationship between quiet ego characteristics and less perceived stress in college students. PARTICIPANTS: Data from 1117 college students were collected between October, 2015 and May, 2016. METHODS: The sample was split randomly into exploratory and confirmatory samples. Multiple mediator models were tested with PROCESS module (SPSS v...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
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