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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816684/a-multiobjective-evolutionary-algorithm-based-on-structural-and-attribute-similarities-for-community-detection-in-attributed-networks
#1
Zhangtao Li, Jing Liu, Kai Wu
Most of the existing community detection algorithms are based on vertex connectivity. While in many real networks, each vertex usually has one or more attributes describing its properties which are often homogeneous in a cluster. Such networks can be modeled as attributed graphs, whose attributes sometimes are equally important to topological structure in graph clustering. One important challenge is to detect communities considering both topological structure and vertex properties simultaneously. To this propose, a multiobjective evolutionary algorithm based on structural and attribute similarities (MOEA-SA) is first proposed to solve the attributed graph clustering problems in this paper...
August 16, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813348/moral-behavior-in-sport
#2
REVIEW
Maria Kavussanu, Nicholas Stanger
In this review paper, we provide an overview of recent research on prosocial and antisocial behaviors, in the context of sport, focusing mainly on antecedents and consequences of these behaviors. Motivational variables such as task orientation, mastery climate, autonomous motivation, and autonomy supportive climate are likely to promote prosocial behavior, whereas ego orientation, performance climate, controlled motivation, and controlling climate may lead to antisocial behavior. The effects of some motivational variables (i...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813338/self-talk-effectiveness-and-attention
#3
REVIEW
Antonis Hatzigeorgiadis, Evangelos Galanis
Self-talk interventions in sport have been receiving increased research attention in recent years. The findings have provided robust support that self-talk strategies enhance sport performance. Identifying the mechanisms that explain the beneficial effects of self-talk is important for developing a comprehensive self-talk theory and informing practice. Among the mechanisms proposed to explaining the effectiveness of self-talk, is its attentional effects. This article reviews the literature considering the effects of self-talk on attention...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813329/ego-depletion-in-sports-highlighting-the-importance-of-self-control-strength-for-high-level-sport-performance
#4
REVIEW
Chris Englert
Athletes are constantly confronted with self-control demands, but previous research has delivered sound empirical evidence that athletes are not always capable of dealing with these demands. According to the strength model of self-control, individuals have a limited amount of self-control strength, which can become temporarily depleted following self-control demands (e.g., attention regulation). When self-control strength is depleted, that is, in a state of ego depletion, athletes are less persistent during strenuous physical exercise, are less likely to follow their exercise regimens, and tend to perform worse under pressure...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803723/perceived-social-support-among-patients-with-burn-injuries-a-perspective-from-the-developing-world
#5
Ahmed Waqas, Marvee Turk, Sadiq Naveed, Atif Amin, Harriet Kiwanuka, Neha Shafique, Muhammad Ashraf Chaudhry
BACKGROUND: Social support is among the most well-established predictors of post-burn psychopathology after burn. Despite a disproportionately large burden of burns in the developing world, the nature of social support among burn patients in this context remains elusive. We, therefore, seek to investigate social support and its biopsychosocial determinants among patients with burn injuries in Pakistan. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 343 patients presenting with burn injuries at four teaching hospitals in the Punjab province of Pakistan was conducted...
August 10, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803004/-just-blood-donors-a-study-on-the-multi-affiliations-of-blood-donors
#6
Sara Alfieri, Maura Pozzi, Elena Marta, Vincenzo Saturni, Giovanni Aresi, Paolo Guiddi
BACKGROUND: The present work proposes to explore a phenomenon well known in the world of blood donation, but little explored by literature: multi-affiliations. By that term, in this paper we mean blood donors' engagement in multiple associations of various natures (donation, recreation, sports, etc.) simultaneously. The first objective proposes to explore the phenomenon of multi-affiliations in descriptive terms; the second is to look into the differences-in terms of motivations, family-work-volunteerism reconciliation, life satisfaction, and membership satisfaction-between those who "only" carry out blood donation activity and those who instead participate in multiple associative realities concurrently...
July 25, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801868/resilience-in-women-who-experience-domestic-violence
#7
Konstantinos Tsirigotis, Joanna Łuczak
Violence in the family constitutes a serious social and psychological problem with harmful consequences leading, among others, to changes in the psychological functioning of the victim and, secondarily, also the perpetrator. The aim of this study was to examine resilience in women experiencing domestic violence. The "Ego Resiliency Scale" (ERS) was used to study the group of women suffering domestic violence. The study group included 52 women aged 30-65 years (mean age: 40.15) using assistance of the Crisis Intervention Centre due to experienced domestic violence...
August 12, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790963/too-exhausted-to-perform-at-the-highest-level-on-the-importance-of-self-control-strength-in-educational-settings
#8
REVIEW
Chris Englert, Alafia Zavery, Alex Bertrams
In order to perform at the highest level in educational settings (e.g., students in testing situations), individuals often have to control their impulses or desires (e.g., to study for an upcoming test or to prepare a course instead of spending time with the peer group). Previous research suggests that the ability to exert self-control is an important predictor of performance and behavior in educational contexts. According to the strength model, all self-control acts are based on one global energy pool whose capacity is assumed to be limited...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776658/the-possessions-at-loudun-tracking-the-discourse-of-dissociation
#9
Craig E Stephenson
Embedded in the history of dissociation is the best known case of possession in European history, the 17(th) century possessions at Loudun, France (1632-1638). The exorcisms and the trial drew crowds from all over Europe, the outcome prefiguring the direction in which the Western science of mind would be carried. The published debate about the possessed and obsessed Ursuline nuns of Loudun spans four centuries. One can track how theorizing about dissociation changed over time, with psychological contributions by Jean Martin Charcot, Georges Gilles de la Tourette, Pierre Janet, Michel Foucault and Michel de Certeau...
September 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771072/comparative-associations-between-achieved-bicultural-identity-achieved-ego-identity-and-achieved-religious-identity-and-adaptation-among-australian-adolescent-muslims
#10
Hisham M Abu-Rayya, Maram H Abu-Rayya, Fiona A White, Richard Walker
This study examined the comparative roles of biculturalism, ego identity, and religious identity in the adaptation of Australian adolescent Muslims. A total of 504 high school Muslim students studying at high schools in metropolitan Sydney and Melbourne, Australia, took part in this study which required them to complete a self-report questionnaire. Analyses indicated that adolescent Muslims' achieved religious identity seems to play a more important role in shaping their psychological and socio-cultural adaptation compared to adolescents' achieved bicultural identity...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769546/the-development-of-the-mind-a-three-month-old-infant
#11
Simone Setterberg
Infant mental development occurs in interplay with a caregiver. The infant establishes an inner world, a psyche, by using his or her caregiver as transitional mental space for the development of a sense of self. This mental progress occurs simultaneously with motor elaboration, pre-conditioned by neurophysiological maturation. The bodily holding function of the caregiver, through initial skin-to-skin contact, enables the infant to develop a sense of bodily self. The pivotal role of the body as a first place of ego development is illustrated by the vignette of Nino, a 3-month-old infant whose caregiver is unable to provide the necessary physical contact, and therefore insufficiently containing the young infant...
February 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766971/a-concept-analysis-of-resilience-integrating-genetics
#12
Kosuke Niitsu, Julia F Houfek, Cecilia R Barron, Scott F Stoltenberg, Kevin A Kupzyk, Michael J Rice
Although clinicians and researchers are interested in the phenomenon of resilience, there is no agreed-upon definition of resilience. Scientific evidence suggests that resilience is influenced by intrapersonal (e.g. personality traits) and environmental (e.g. social support) variables. A concept analysis was conducted to better understand the meaning of resilience. In this analysis, the antecedent of resilience was a potentially traumatic event; the defining attributes were ego-resiliency, emotion regulation, social support, and heredity; and the consequences were none to mild psychopathological symptoms and positive adaptation...
August 2, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751660/something-was-lost-in-freud-s-beyond-the-pleasure-principle-a-ferenczian-reading
#13
Raluca Soreanu
Freud's Beyond the Pleasure Principle (1920) brought a lot of new possibilities to psychoanalytic theory, but also a series of losses. While I recognize the importance of the death drive as a metapsychological construct, I argue that the first thing that went missing with the arrival of this groundbreaking Freudian text is the theorization of the ego instincts or the self-preservative drives. Freud never articulated some plausible inheritors of the ego instincts. I follow the Budapest School, and especially the voice of Sándor Ferenczi, for addressing this loss...
July 27, 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738816/disease-activity-resilience-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-chinese-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-multi-center-cross-sectional-study
#14
Li Liu, Xin Xu, Neili Xu, Lie Wang
BACKGROUND: Positive psychological constructs that can moderate or mediate the negative impact of disease activity on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have not been explored widely. This study aimed to assess the associations of disease activity, resilience with HRQOL and the moderating and mediating roles of resilience among Chinese RA patients. METHODS: A multi-center, cross-sectional study was conducted in RA inpatients in northeast of China...
July 24, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724937/bootstrap-quantification-of-estimation-uncertainties-in-network-degree-distributions
#15
Yulia R Gel, Vyacheslav Lyubchich, L Leticia Ramirez Ramirez
We propose a new method of nonparametric bootstrap to quantify estimation uncertainties in functions of network degree distribution in large ultra sparse networks. Both network degree distribution and network order are assumed to be unknown. The key idea is based on adaptation of the "blocking" argument, developed for bootstrapping of time series and re-tiling of spatial data, to random networks. We first sample a set of multiple ego networks of varying orders that form a patch, or a network block analogue, and then resample the data within patches...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716395/-it-ruined-my-life-the-effects-of-the-war-on-drugs-on-people-who-inject-drugs-pwid-in-rural-puerto-rico
#16
R Abadie, C Gelpi-Acosta, C Davila, A Rivera, M Welch-Lazoritz, K Dombrowski
BACKGROUND: The War on Drugs has raised the incarceration rates of racial minorities for non-violent drug-related crimes, profoundly stigmatized drug users, and redirected resources from drug prevention and treatment to militarizing federal and local law enforcement. Yet, while some states consider shifting their punitive approach to drug use, to one based on drug treatment and rehabilitation, nothing suggests that these policy shifts are being replicated in Puerto Rico. METHODS: This paper utilizes data from 360 PWID residing in four rural towns in the mountainous area of central Puerto Rico...
July 14, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715663/a-laboratory-model-of-impulsivity-and-alcohol-use-in-late-adolescence
#17
Matthew J Gullo, Natalie J Loxton, Therese Price, Joanne Voisey, Ross McD Young, Jason P Connor
Impulsivity is a core characteristic of externalizing problems and a robust predictor of alcohol use in adolescence. There is little evidence on the causal mechanisms through which impulsivity influences drinking or how they are affected by key social factors (peer influence). This study reports the development of the first comprehensive laboratory model of adolescent impulsivity and alcohol use. One-hundred and twenty adolescents (50% female) of legal drinking age (M = 19.47 years, SD = 1.12) in Australia (18+ years) were subjected to 1 of 3 experimental manipulations to increase impulsive behavior (reward cue exposure, negative mood induction, ego depletion)...
July 8, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713457/personal-and-social-responsibility-among-athletes-the-role-of-self-determination-achievement-goals-and-engagement
#18
Paulo Martins, António Rosado, Vítor Ferreira, Rui Biscaia
The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between motivation, engagement and personal and social responsibility among athletes. Based on the literature, a survey was conducted including measures of motivation, considering task orientation and ego orientation, intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, and amotivation. We also measured the components of engagement (dedication, confidence, vigor and enthusiasm) and the components of personal and social responsibility. A total of 517 athletes from different types of sports participated in the study...
June 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703260/-publish-amp-perish-research-on-research-and-researchers
#19
J K Tijdink
In the last years many people have questioned the reliability of research results and the societal relevance of much of today's clinical research; they are critical too about the current publication culture in which scientists are judged according to the number of articles they have published, impact factors and citations.<br/> AIM: To make a close study of the publication culture that now prevails in the Dutch biomedical sciences. <br/> METHOD: Discussion of results described in the thesis entitled 'Publish and Perish; research on research and researchers'...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703108/niepe%C3%A5-ny-wrodzony-zwrot-jelita-i-niezwykle-rzadki-przypadek-niepe%C3%A5-nego-zwrotu-jelita-doros%C3%A5-ego-chorego-z-objawami-wysokiej-niedro%C3%A5-no%C3%A5-ci-przewodu-pokarmowego
#20
Franciszek Rachel, Andrzej Łapiński, Dariusz Szczerba, Krystian Gutterch
Autorzy przedstawiają 21 -letniego chorego z niepełnym zwrotem jelit z objawami przewlekłej niedrożności górnego odcinka przewodu pokarmowego i trudności diagnostyczne. Rozstrzygającym badaniem była TK jamy brzusznej z kontrastem. Po operacji sposobem Ladda chory został wyleczony.
June 30, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
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