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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346113/wisdom-in-context
#1
Igor Grossmann
Philosophers and psychological scientists have converged on the idea that wisdom involves certain aspects of thinking (e.g., intellectual humility, recognition of uncertainty and change), enabling application of knowledge to life challenges. Empirical evidence indicates that people's ability to think wisely varies dramatically across experiential contexts that they encounter over the life span. Moreover, wise thinking varies from one situation to another, with self-focused contexts inhibiting wise thinking...
March 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337165/motivation-measures-in-sport-a-critical-review-and-bibliometric-analysis
#2
Rachel B Clancy, Matthew P Herring, Mark J Campbell
Motivation is widely-researched, in both sport psychology and other fields. As rigorous measurement is essential to understanding this latent construct, a critical appraisal of measurement instruments is needed. Thus, the purpose of this review was to evaluate the six most highly cited motivation measures in sport. Peer-reviewed articles published prior to August 2016 were searched to identify the six most highly cited motivation questionnaires in sport: Sport Motivation Scale (SMS), Intrinsic Motivation Inventory (IMI), Situational Motivational Scale (SIMS), Perceptions of Success Questionnaire (POSQ), Behavioural Regulation in Sport Questionnaire (BRSQ), and Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire (TEOSQ)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337155/impact-of-different-e-cigarette-generation-and-models-on-cognitive-performances-craving-and-gesture-a-randomized-cross-over-trial-cogecig
#3
Pasquale Caponnetto, Marilena Maglia, Maria Concetta Cannella, Lucio Inguscio, Mariachiara Buonocore, Claudio Scoglio, Riccardo Polosa, Valeria Vinci
Introduction: Most electronic-cigarettes (e-cigarette) are designed to look like traditional cigarettes and simulate the visual, sensory, and behavioral aspects of smoking traditional cigarettes. This research aimed to explore whether different e-cigarette models and smokers' usual classic cigarettes can impact on cognitive performances, craving and gesture. Methods: The study is randomized cross-over trial designed to compare cognitive performances, craving, and gesture in subjects who used first generation electronic cigarettes, second generation electronic cigarettes with their usual cigarettes...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330590/ego-id-and-ireland
#4
Brendan D Kelly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327215/perceptions-versus-interpretations-and-domains-for-self-fulfilling-prophesies
#5
Jennifer Church
I suggest two ways in which Jussim's extensive discussion (in his 2012 book) could be enriched: first, by exploring the distinction between perceptual judgments and interpretive judgments; second, by considering the power of expectations to be self-fulfilling in the case of young children and the case of fragile egos.
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327090/investigating-young-women-s-motivations-to-engage-in-early-mammography-screening-in-switzerland-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Nanon H M Labrie, Ramona Ludolph, Peter J Schulz
BACKGROUND: The scientific and public debate concerning organized mammography screening is unprecedentedly strong. With research evidence concerning its efficacy being ambiguous, the recommendations pertaining to the age-thresholds for program inclusion vary between - and even within - countries. Data shows that young women who are not yet eligible for systematic screening, have opportunistic mammograms relatively often and, moreover, want to be included in organized programs. Yet, to date, little is known about the precise motivations underlying young women's desire and intentions to go for, not medically indicated, mammographic screening...
March 21, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325146/hypersexuality-as-a-neuropsychiatric-disorder-the-neurobiology-and-treatment-options
#7
Hatta Sidi, Muna Asiff, Jaya Kumar, Srijit Das, Nurul Hazwani Hatta, Cesar Alfonso
Hypersexuality refers to abnormally increased or extreme involvement in any sexual activity. It is clinically challenging, presents trans-diagnostically and there is extensive medical literature addressing nosology, pathogenesis and neuropsychiatric aspects. Classification includes deviant behaviours, diagnosable entities related to impulsivity, and obsessional phenomena. Some clinicians view an increase in sexual desire as 'normal' while psychodynamic theorists consider it ego-defensive at times alleviating unconscious anxiety rooted in intrapsychic conflicts...
March 21, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323145/increased-cortical-porosity-is-associated-with-daily-not-weekly-administration-of-equivalent-doses-of-teriparatide
#8
Roger Zebaze, Ryoko Takao-Kawabata, Yu Peng, Ali Ghasem Zadeh, Kyoko Hirano, Hiroshi Yamane, Aya Takakura, Yukihiro Isogai, Toshinori Ishizuya, Ego Seeman
INTRODUCTION: The pharmacokinetic profile of parathyroid hormone (PTH) determines its effects on bone resorption and formation. When administered intermittently, anabolic effects are favored in comparison with the continuous treatment. Among the intermittent treatment regimens, lower frequency of administration may have a lower effect on bone remodeling. We therefore hypothesized that weekly administration of teriparatide will produce less increase in intracortical remodeling and porosity than reported using daily treatment...
March 16, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320392/prenatal-and-post-natal-cost-of-small-for-gestational-age-infants-a-national-study
#9
Alicia Marzouk, Antoine Filipovic-Pierucci, Olivier Baud, Vassilis Tsatsaris, Anne Ego, Marie-Aline Charles, François Goffinet, Danièle Evain-Brion, Isabelle Durand-Zaleski
BACKGROUND: Small for gestational age (SGA) infants are at increased risk for preterm birth morbidities as well as a range of adverse perinatal outcomes that result in part from associated premature birth. We sought to evaluate the costs of SGA versus appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants in France from pregnancy through the first year of life and separate the contributions of prematurity from the contribution of foetal growth on costs. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional population-based study using national hospital discharge data from French public and private hospitals...
March 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315413/akr1-attenuates-methylmercury-toxicity-through-the-palmitoylation-of-meh1-as-a-subunit-of-the-yeast-ego-complex
#10
Zhi-Ting Zhang, Yousuke Ogiwara, Yuichi Ito, Akinori Hikida, Nobuhiko Miura, Shusuke Kuge, Akira Naganuma, Gi-Wook Hwang
BACKGROUND: We previously reported that palmitoyltransferase activity of Akr1 is required for alleviation of methylmercury toxicity in yeast. In this study, we identified a factor that alleviates methylmercury toxicity among the substrate proteins palmitoylated by Akr1, and investigated the role of this factor in methylmercury toxicity. METHODS: Gene disruption and site-directed mutagenesis were used to examine the relationship of methylmercury toxicity and vacuole function...
March 14, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298888/reaching-and-grasping-a-glass-of-water-by-locked-in-als-patients-through-a-bci-controlled-humanoid-robot
#11
Rossella Spataro, Antonio Chella, Brendan Allison, Marcello Giardina, Rosario Sorbello, Salvatore Tramonte, Christoph Guger, Vincenzo La Bella
Locked-in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) patients are fully dependent on caregivers for any daily need. At this stage, basic communication and environmental control may not be possible even with commonly used augmentative and alternative communication devices. Brain Computer Interface (BCI) technology allows users to modulate brain activity for communication and control of machines and devices, without requiring a motor control. In the last several years, numerous articles have described how persons with ALS could effectively use BCIs for different goals, usually spelling...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293205/commentary-misguided-effort-with-elusive-implications-and-a-multi-lab-pre-registered-replication-of-the-ego-depletion-effect
#12
COMMENT
Aaron Drummond, Michael C Philipp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291837/associations-of-perceived-social-support-and-positive-psychological-resources-with-fatigue-symptom-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#13
NeiLi Xu, Shuai Zhao, HongXia Xue, WenYi Fu, Li Liu, TianQi Zhang, Rui Huang, Ning Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the association between perceived social support (PSS) and fatigue and the roles of hope, optimism, general self-efficacy and resilience as mediators or moderators on PSS-fatigue association among Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients in China. METHODS: A multi-center, cross-sectional study was conducted withinpatients diagnosed with RA in northeast China, in which 305 eligible inpatients were enrolled. The Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, Herth Hope Index, Life Orientation Test Revised, General Self-Efficacy Scale and Ego-Resiliency Scale were completed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278743/networks-of-self-defining-memories-as-a-contributing-factor-to-emotional-openness
#14
Iliane Houle, Frederick L Philippe, Serge Lecours, Josiane Roulez
Emotional openness is characterised by a capacity to tolerate threatening self-relevant material and an interest towards new emotional situations. We investigated how specific networks of memories could be an important contributing factor to emotional openness. At Phase 1, participants completed measures of personality traits and emotional intelligence, described a self-defining memory, provided other memories associated with it, and rated the valence of each of their memories. A score assessing the complexity of this memory network, comprising the number of memories reported and their valence diversity, was created...
February 6, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277947/dissociation-in-families-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence
#15
Alison Miller
This paper, using an illustrative case study, presents the hypothesis that cyclical spouse abusers suffer from a dissociative condition (or perhaps a personality disorder in which dissociation is a prominent feature) that results from disorganized attachment. The partner of the spouse abuser tries various unsuccessful strategies to appease her spouse in order to change his behavior. If the relationship lasts for years, she adapts by developing a milder but parallel dissociative process, developing chains of state-dependent memory and resultant ego states for the different phases of the domestic abuse cycle...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275850/analysis-of-swedish-forest-owners-information-and-knowledge-sharing-networks-for-decision-making-insights-for-climate-change-communication-and-adaptation
#16
Karin André, Julia Baird, Åsa Gerger Swartling, Gregor Vulturius, Ryan Plummer
To further the understanding of climate change adaptation processes, more attention needs to be paid to the various contextual factors that shape whether and how climate-related knowledge and information is received and acted upon by actors involved. This study sets out to examine the characteristics of forest owners' in Sweden, the information and knowledge-sharing networks they draw upon for decision-making, and their perceptions of climate risks, their forests' resilience, the need for adaptation, and perceived adaptive capacity...
March 8, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270313/medical-ego-inflation-and-a-lesson-from-mom
#17
Warren R Heymann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266776/gestational-age-at-diagnosis-of-early-onset-fetal-growth-restriction-and-impact-on-management-and-survival-a-population-based-cohort-study
#18
I Monier, P-Y Ancel, A Ego, I Guellec, P-H Jarreau, M Kaminski, F Goffinet, J Zeitlin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of gestational age (GA) at diagnosis of fetal growth restriction (FGR) on obstetric management and rates of live birth and survival for very preterm infants with early-onset FGR. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: All maternity units in 25 French regions in 2011. POPULATION: Fetuses diagnosed with FGR before 28 weeks of gestation among singleton births between 22 and 31 weeks of gestation without severe congenital anomalies...
March 7, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261798/early-and-deep-two-independent-paradigms
#19
Martine Girard
Did Winnicott replace or transform Freud's metapsychology? The author's aim is to explore more deeply the views developed in a previous paper based solely on Winnicott. Here the author draws on other studies to respond to two questions recently posed by Fulgencio concerning the meaning of the term metapsychology and the existence of a new topography in Winnicott's work. For many authors, Winnicott does not reject Freudian metapsychology and says nothing new in this field; in the field of paediatric anthropology, however, he focuses on dependence, and in the field of the living embodiment of the drives on being and self as different from ego...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261132/the-debate-on-the-ego-depletion-effect-evidence-from-meta-analysis-with-the-p-uniform-method
#20
Desirée Blázquez, Juan Botella, Manuel Suero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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