keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ego

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905255/rumination-and-self-reflection-in-stress-narratives-and-relations-to-psychological-functioning
#1
Kelly A Marin, Elena K Rotondo
The longitudinal study aims to expand what is known about the costs and benefits of narrating stressful experiences by exploring changes in rumination within the narrative process and comparing it to changes in self-reflection. Rumination (e.g., brooding, self-criticism, and negative emotions) and self-reflection were measured in stress narratives of 56 college students. There were several goals: (1) examine changes in narrative rumination and narrative self-reflection over 3 days of writing, (2) examine the relations among the changes in narrative rumination variables and narrative self-reflection and (3) examine how changes in narrative rumination and narrative self-reflection relate to multiple measures of psychological functioning...
January 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893748/communication-with-family-and-friends-across-the-life-course
#2
Tamas David-Barrett, Janos Kertesz, Anna Rotkirch, Asim Ghosh, Kunal Bhattacharya, Daniel Monsivais, Kimmo Kaski
Each stage of the human life course is characterised by a distinctive pattern of social relations. We study how the intensity and importance of the closest social contacts vary across the life course, using a large database of mobile communication from a European country. We first determine the most likely social relationship type from these mobile phone records by relating the age and gender of the caller and recipient to the frequency, length, and direction of calls. We then show how communication patterns between parents and children, romantic partner, and friends vary across the six main stages of the adult family life course...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889276/perceived-effectiveness-of-messages-promoting-hand-hygiene
#3
Ronald E Taylor
Eighty-six infection control specialists evaluated 24 messages promoting hand hygiene (HH). Brief, simple messages using appeals to social situations and to ego (self-efficacy) were rated as most likely to increase HH compliance.
November 24, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886731/social-capital-friendship-networks-and-youth-unemployment
#4
Martin Hällsten, Christofer Edling, Jens Rydgren
Youth unemployment is a contemporary social problem in many societies. Youths often have limited access to information about jobs and limited social influence, yet little is known about the relationship between social capital and unemployment risk among youth. We study the effect of social capital on unemployment risk in a sample of 19 year olds of Swedish, Iranian, and Yugoslavian origin living in Sweden (N = 1590). We distinguish between two dimensions of social capital: occupational contact networks and friendship networks...
January 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881966/the-effect-of-implicit-preferences-on-food-consumption-moderating-role-of-ego-depletion-and-impulsivity
#5
Yan Wang, Jinglei Zhu, Yi Hu, Yuan Fang, Guosen Wang, Xianghua Cui, Lei Wang
Ego depletion has been found to moderate the effect of implicit preferences on food consumption, such that implicit preferences predict consumption only under a depleted state. The present study tested how trait impulsivity impacts the effect of implicit preferences on food consumption in a depleted condition. Trait impulsivity was measured by means of self-report and a stop signal task. Results showed that both self-reported impulsivity and behavioral impulsivity moderated the 'depletion and then eating according to implicit preferences' effect, albeit in different ways...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879169/goal-orientation-and-well-being-in-college-athletes-the-importance-of-athletic-social-connectedness
#6
Heidi A Wayment, Andrew Schrack Walters
The present study examined the ability of an interpersonal construct called athletic connectedness to mediate the relationship between task and ego goal orientations and well-being. We operationalised athletic social connectedness as a sense of social belonging and sense of connection with teammates. We hypothesised that athletic social connectedness would be positively associated with task goals, negatively associated with ego goals, and would at least partially mediate the relationship between achievement goals and well-being...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875714/the-role-of-ego-resiliency-in-the-relationship-between-social-anxiety-and-problem-solving-ability-among-south-korean-nursing-students
#7
Won-Hee Jun, Gyungjoo Lee
BACKGROUND: Problem-solving is a core ability that nursing students should develop during their education. There is a need to better understand the importance of problem-solving and the factors related to it among nursing students. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify the role of ego-resiliency in the relationship between social anxiety and problem-solving ability in Korean nursing students. METHODS: Data were collected from a total of 329 nursing students who were enrolled in three nursing programs in South Korea, using a self-administrated questionnaire...
November 12, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859147/cultural-competence-and-social-relationships-a-social-network-analysis
#8
M Dauvrin, V Lorant
AIM: This study investigated the role of social relationships in the sharing of cultural competence by testing two hypotheses: cultural competence is a socially shared behaviour; and central healthcare professionals are more culturally competent than non-central healthcare professionals. BACKGROUND: Sustaining cultural competence in healthcare services relies on the assumption that being culturally competent is a socially shared behaviour among health professionals...
November 11, 2016: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846655/-alienation-differential-psychopathology-of-ego-disturbances
#9
M Bodatsch, J Kuhn
Alienation, i. e. disorders of the inner experience of integrity, continuity, and agency, represents a feature of both psychotic and non-psychotic disorders. Thereby, ego disturbances are thought to be specific for schizophrenia. Depersonalisation, in contrast, has been reported in schizophrenia as well as a neurotic, probably distinct syndrome. The differentiation of psychotic vs. non-psychotic alienation is often all but trivial. The present paper provides an overview of the historical roots and the psychopathological conceptualizations of alienation...
November 2016: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818631/peripheral-processing-facilitates-optic-flow-based-depth-perception
#10
Jinglin Li, Jens P Lindemann, Martin Egelhaaf
Flying insects, such as flies or bees, rely on consistent information regarding the depth structure of the environment when performing their flight maneuvers in cluttered natural environments. These behaviors include avoiding collisions, approaching targets or spatial navigation. Insects are thought to obtain depth information visually from the retinal image displacements ("optic flow") during translational ego-motion. Optic flow in the insect visual system is processed by a mechanism that can be modeled by correlation-type elementary motion detectors (EMDs)...
2016: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810568/dignity-therapy-and-life-review-for-palliative-care-patients-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Dean Vuksanovic, Heather J Green, Murray Dyck, Shirley A Morrissey
CONTEXT: Dignity Therapy (DT) is a psychotherapeutic intervention with increasing evidence of acceptability and utility in palliative care settings. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the legacy creation component of DT by comparing this intervention with Life Review (LR) and Waitlist Control (WC) groups. METHODS: Seventy adults with advanced terminal disease were randomly allocated to DT, LR or WC followed by DT, of which 56 completed the study protocol...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809561/frequency-and-outcomes-of-incidental-breast-lesions-detected-on-abdominal-mri-over-a-7-year-period
#12
Vinay Prabhu, Chloe M Chhor, Islamiat O Ego-Osuala, Jennifer M Xiao, Nicole M Hindman, Andrew B Rosenkrantz
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the frequency and outcomes of incidental breast lesions detected on abdominal MRI examinations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Abdominal MRI reports for 11,462 women imaged at our institution from November 2007 through December 2014 were reviewed to identify those reporting an incidental breast lesion. Available breast imaging and pathology results were assessed to identify outcomes in these lesions. RESULTS: Incidental breast lesions were described in the MRI reports of 292 (3%) patients who underwent abdominal MRI during the study period; breast imaging was recommended for 192 of these 292 (66%) patients...
November 3, 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807531/effect-of-a-16-week-pilates-exercise-program-on-the-ego-resiliency-and-depression-in-elderly-women
#13
Su Yeon Roh
This study aims to examine the effect of a 16-week Pilates exercise program on the ego resiliency and depression in elderly women. Before participating in Pilates exercise programs, researcher explained the purpose and the intention of the research to elderly women who were willing to participate in this research. A total of 148 elderly women agreed to participate in the program and they filled in ego resiliency and depression questionnaires. Then, the elderly participated in the 16-week Pilates exercise program and completed the same questionnaires afterwards...
October 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802258/pediatric-cancer-patients-treatment-related-distress-and-longer-term-anxiety-an-individual-differences-perspective
#14
Christopher J Trentacosta, Felicity W K Harper, Terrance L Albrecht, Jeffrey W Taub, Sean Phipps, Louis A Penner
OBJECTIVE: Although distress during treatment procedures and longer-term treatment-related anxiety are among the most common cancer-related stressors for children and their families, they are not invariant. This study examined whether individual differences in temperament and personality play a role in how children respond to treatment procedures. Attention control, a facet of the effortful control dimension of temperament, and the personality attribute ego-resilience were hypothesized to predict lower levels of distress during procedures...
November 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792029/qualitative-job-stress-and-ego-aptitude-in%C3%A2-male-scientific-researchers
#15
Yu Sakagami
BACKGROUND: Job environments have been fundamentally changed by globalization and modern technological innovation. Qualitative workload is expected to increase more than quantitative workload through this rapid technological innovation. Especially, in developed countries, qualitative workload is expected to become a primary job-related stress factor in the near future. Therefore, it is essential to clarify the characteristics of qualitative workload and to determine how to cope with it effectively...
October 22, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786271/homophily-in-coauthorship-networks-of-east-european-sociologists
#16
Marian-Gabriel Hâncean, Matjaž Perc
We study to what degree and how homophily and network properties affect individual citation counts of researchers in the sociology departments of three East European countries, namely Poland, Romania, and Slovenia. We built first-order personal coauthorship networks out of the Web of Science publication records. Each sociologist is assigned as a focal node or ego, while her coauthors are alters. We analyze the data using structural measurements methods, hierarchical regression models, and we make visualizations based on the clustered graph technique...
October 27, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774263/child-ego-state-is-associated-with-high-prevalence-of-repeated-hospitalizations-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#17
Kiyotaka Yanagihara, Yoshiharu Kinugasa, Kinya Shirota, Yoshiaki Inoue, Hiroshige Ishii, Fumiyo Tsunoda, Masaaki Iwata, Shinobu Sugihara, Shinya Takeda, Masayuki Hirai, Asao Mimura, Masahiko Kato, Kazuhiro Yamamoto
AIMS: Inadequate self-care management is a leading cause of re-hospitalization in patients with heart failure (HF). Psychological factors such as some ego functions interfere with self-care behaviour modification, leading to poor outcomes in patients with several chronic diseases. However, characteristics of ego states in patients with repeated hospitalization for HF remain undefined. METHODS AND RESULTS: The present study enrolled 40 HF outpatients with previous history of HF hospitalization and receiving self-care management...
March 2016: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773948/gendered-social-capital-in-a-johannesburg-township
#18
Tyler W Myroniuk
Social capital research rarely takes a gendered approach. This article explores how black women and men from a marginalized community in Johannesburg, South Africa, rely on family, friends, and community members to survive and strategize for the future by utilizing social capital. The results from 30 semi-structured interviews and ego network mapping illustrate that gender moderates the type of social capital used and benefits associated with bonding and bridging social capital in important ways. This research builds upon knowledge of gendered advantages and disadvantages in social networks and informs researchers how women and men survive in pervasive poverty...
2016: Sociological Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772981/the-mythology-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-insufficiency
#19
Sonali Shah, Cherie Chiang, Ken Sikaris, Ego Seeman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763661/a-strange-fire-an-exploration-of-psycho-spiritual-development-aided-by-jungian-analysis-and-vedanta
#20
David Sagar, Marcus West
This paper explores the process of psychological and spiritual development through a series of active imaginations arising from the author's 'psycho-spiritual quest', a process of transformation in which the individual progressively frees themselves from the ego's identifications and may be afforded a vision of the 'self as consciousness', as described by Vedanta. The author describes how this quest was facilitated by the disciplines of Transcendental Meditation, Jungian analysis and Vedanta, and how these three disciplines can work together to foster psycho-spiritual development...
November 2016: Journal of Analytical Psychology
keyword
keyword
37742
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"