keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Egocentric

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786022/personality-traits-predict-a-medical-student-preference-to-pursue-a-career-in-surgery
#1
Maria Rosaria Anna Muscatello, Antonio Bruno, Giovanni Genovese, Giuseppa Gallo, Rocco Antonio Zoccali, Fortunato Battaglia
Background: In this study, we examined the impact of personality traits, assessed with the psychopathic personality inventory revised version (PPI-R), on medical students' likelihood of selecting a surgical specialty. Methods: This is a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study of 360 4th -year medical students at a single university. We used the PPI-R previously developed to evaluate "adaptive" traits within nonclinical (student) populations. Students were asked to express their specialty of choice...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781895/psychological-community-integration-of-individuals-with-serious-mental-illness
#2
Rohini Pahwa, Liat Kriegel
As different facets of community integration as well as psychological and social integration are important dimensions of recovery for individuals with serious mental illness (SMI). The primary aim of the study was to explore psychological integration for individuals with SMI into the mental health and mainstream (i.e., non-mental health) communities and its association with their social integration into both communities. The study used self-report and egocentric social network data from 60 individuals with SMI receiving community-based mental health services...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767303/the-neural-signatures-of-egocentric-bias-in-normative-decision-making
#3
Chunliang Feng, Xue Feng, Li Wang, Lili Wang, Ruolei Gu, Aiping Ni, Gopikrishna Deshpande, Zhihao Li, Yue-Jia Luo
Bargaining parties often disagree on what fair is, due to the reason that people are prone to believe that what favors oneself is fair, i.e., an egocentric bias. In this study, we investigated the neural signatures underlying egocentric bias in fairness decision-making, conjoining an adapted ultimatum game (UG) with event-related fMRI and functional connectivity. Participants earned monetary rewards with a partner in a production stage, wherein their contributions to the earnings were manipulated. Afterwards, the joint earnings were randomly divided, and the distribution was presented simultaneously with contribution information to participants, who accepted/rejected distributions of earnings as the same manner in standard UG...
May 16, 2018: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757730/egocentric-temporal-action-proposals
#4
Shao Huang, Weiqiang Wang, Shengfeng He, Rynson W H Lau
We present an approach to localize generic actions in egocentric videos, called temporal action proposals (TAPs), for accelerating the action recognition step. An egocentric TAP refers to a sequence of frames that may contain a generic action performed by the wearer of a head-mounted camera, e.g., taking a knife, spreading jam, pouring milk, or cutting carrots. Inspired by object proposals, this paper aims at generating a small number of TAPs, thereby replacing the popular sliding window strategy, for localizing all action events in the input video...
February 2018: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755378/the-architectonic-experience-of-body-and-space-in-augmented-interiors
#5
Isabella Pasqualini, Maria Laura Blefari, Tej Tadi, Andrea Serino, Olaf Blanke
The environment shapes our experience of space in constant interaction with the body. Architectonic interiors amplify the perception of space through the bodily senses; an effect also known as embodiment. The interaction of the bodily senses with the space surrounding the body can be tested experimentally through the manipulation of multisensory stimulation and measured via a range of behaviors related to bodily self-consciousness. Many studies have used Virtual Reality to show that visuotactile conflicts mediated via a virtual body or avatar can disrupt the unified subjective experience of the body and self...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755158/a-comparative-study-of-segregation-patterns-in-belgium-denmark-the-netherlands-and-sweden-neighbourhood-concentration-and-representation-of-non-european-migrants
#6
Eva K Andersson, Bo Malmberg, Rafael Costa, Bart Sleutjes, Marcin Jan Stonawski, Helga A G de Valk
In this paper, we use geo-coded, individual-level register data on four European countries to compute comparative measures of segregation that are independent of existing geographical sub-divisions. The focus is on non-European migrants, for whom aggregates of egocentric neighbourhoods (with different population counts) are used to assess small-scale, medium-scale, and large-scale segregation patterns. At the smallest scale level, corresponding to neighbourhoods with 200 persons, patterns of over- and under-representation are strikingly similar...
2018: European Journal of Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735678/dopamine-receptors-mediate-strategy-abandoning-via-modulation-of-a-specific-prelimbic-cortex-nucleus-accumbens-pathway-in-mice
#7
Qiaoling Cui, Qian Li, Hongyan Geng, Lei Chen, Nancy Y Ip, Ya Ke, Wing-Ho Yung
The ability to abandon old strategies and adopt new ones is essential for survival in a constantly changing environment. While previous studies suggest the importance of the prefrontal cortex and some subcortical areas in the generation of strategy-switching flexibility, the fine neural circuitry and receptor mechanisms involved are not fully understood. In this study, we showed that optogenetic excitation and inhibition of the prelimbic cortex-nucleus accumbens (NAc) pathway in the mouse respectively enhances and suppresses strategy-switching ability in a cross-modal spatial-egocentric task...
May 7, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734006/disentangling-the-visual-motor-and-representational-effects-of-vestibular-input
#8
Naotoshi Abekawa, Elisa R Ferrè, Maria Gallagher, Hiroaki Gomi, Patrick Haggard
The body midline provides a basic reference for egocentric representation of external space. Clinical observations have suggested that vestibular information underpins egocentric representations. Here we aimed to clarify whether and how vestibular inputs contribute to egocentric representation in healthy volunteers. In a psychophysical task, participants were asked to judge whether visual stimuli were located to the left or to the right of their body midline. Artificial vestibular stimulation was applied to stimulate the vestibular organs...
April 12, 2018: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704414/level-of-personality-integration-in-psychopathy
#9
Lidia Cierpiałkowska, Jarosław Groth, Paweł Kleka
OBJECTIVES: Aim of this research was to determine whether differences in clinical picture of psychopathy (on the basis of which subtypes of psychopathy are identified) reflect differences in pathology of personality organization (integration) according to O. Kernberg. METHODS: The research was conducted on 417 subjects, of whom 88.5% were criminals, 11.5% - non-criminals. Psychopathic Personality Inventory-Revised (PPI-R), developed by S.O. Lilienfeld, was used to assess level of psychopathy while personality organization level was assessed by Borderline Personality Inventory (BPI) developed by F...
February 28, 2018: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698043/flexible-egocentricity-asymmetric-switch-costs-on-a-perspective-taking-task
#10
Steven Samuel, Karen Roehr-Brackin, Sarah Jelbert, Nicola S Clayton
We gave 40 participants a task in which they needed to select target objects from an array according to the instructions of either an informed director (who shared their perspective of the array) or an ignorant director (whose view of the array was restricted due to barriers). Importantly, sometimes only one of the directors was visible, and on some trials when both directors were present, participants were required to switch between perspectives. We found that participants were faster to select items from the informed director's perspective than the ignorant director's perspective, but that they slowed when there was a visible but inactive second director...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690819/the-influence-of-rightward-and-leftward-spatial-deviations-of-spatial-attention-on-emotional-picture-recognition
#11
Aleksandra Mańkowska, Michał Harciarek, John B Williamson, Kenneth M Heilman
OBJECTIVES: Several studies have reported that positive emotions are primarily mediated by the left hemisphere and negative emotions by the right hemisphere. Since each hemisphere primarily allocates attention toward the contralateral hemispace, we wanted to learn how inducing a spatial attentional orienting bias to right and left egocentric hemispace might influence the recognition and perception of visually presented emotional scenes. METHOD: Participants were 42 healthy, right-handed young adults...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682239/diagnostic-relevance-of-spatial-orientation-for-vascular-dementia-a-case-study
#12
Gillian Coughlan, Emma Flanagan, Stephen Jeffs, Maxime Bertoux, Hugo Spiers, Eneida Mioshi, Michael Hornberger
Spatial orientation is emerging as an early and reliable cognitive biomarker of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathophysiology. However, no evidence exists as to whether spatial orientation is also affected in vascular dementia (VaD). Objective: To examine allocentric (map-based) and egocentric (viewpoint-based) spatial orientation in an early stage VaD case. Methods: A spatial test battery was administered following clinical and neuropsychological cognitive evaluation...
January 2018: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680933/explaining-hiv-risk-multiplexity-a-social-network-analysis
#13
Marisa Felsher, Emmanuel Koku
Risk multiplexity (i.e., overlap in drug-use, needle exchange and sexual relations) is a known risk factor for HIV. However, little is known about predictors of multiplexity. This study uses egocentric data from the Colorado Springs study to examine how individual, behavioral and social network factors influence engagement in multiplex risk behavior. Analyses revealed that compared to Whites, Hispanics were significantly more likely to engage in risk multiplexity and Blacks less so. Respondents who were similar to each other (e...
April 21, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679797/the-effects-of-feedback-format-and-egocentric-allocentric-relative-phase-on-coordination-stability
#14
John Pickavance, Arianne Azmoodeh, Andrew D Wilson
The stability of coordinated rhythmic movement is primarily affected by the required mean relative phase. In general, symmetrical coordination is more stable than asymmetrical coordination; however, there are two ways to define relative phase and the associated symmetries. The first is in an egocentric frame of reference, with symmetry defined relative to the sagittal plane down the midline of the body. The second is in an allocentric frame of reference, with symmetry defined in terms of the relative direction of motion...
June 2018: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673867/structural-differences-in-hippocampal-and-entorhinal-gray-matter-volume-support-individual-differences-in-first-person-navigational-ability
#15
Katherine R Sherrill, Elizabeth R Chrastil, Irem Aselcioglu, Michael E Hasselmo, Chantal E Stern
The ability to update position and orientation to reach a goal is crucial to spatial navigation and individuals vary considerably in this ability. The current structural MRI study used voxel-based morphometry (VBM) analysis to relate individual differences in human brain morphology to performance in an active navigation task that relied on updating position and orientation in a landmark-free environment. Goal-directed navigation took place from either a first person perspective, similar to a person walking through the landmark-free environment, or Survey perspective, a bird's eye view...
April 16, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671625/the-selfishness-questionnaire-egocentric-adaptive-and-pathological-forms-of-selfishness
#16
Adrian Raine, Stepheni Uh
Despite its importance in society, there is virtually no standardized research on the personality trait of selfishness, in part due to the absence of an assessment instrument. The central aim of this study was to develop a brief (2-3 min) self-report personality measure of selfishness with three main subtypes: egocentric, adaptive, and pathological. Questionnaires were administered to an undergraduate sample, with replicability and generalizability tested on a community population. A confirmatory factor analysis supported the existence of the three hypothesized forms of selfishness...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652600/social-network-analysis-for-assessing-college-aged-adults-health-a-systematic-review
#17
Megan S Patterson, Patricia Go Odson
OBJECTIVE: Social network analysis (SNA) is a useful, emerging method for studying health. College students are especially prone to social influence when it comes to health. This review aimed to identify network variables related to college student health and determine how SNA was used in the literature. PARTICIPANTS: A systematic review of relevant literature was conducted in October 2015. METHODS: Studies employing egocentric or whole network analysis to study college student health were included...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643763/no-gender-differences-in-egocentric-and-allocentric-environmental-transformation-after-compensating-for-male-advantage-by-manipulating-familiarity
#18
Raffaella Nori, Laura Piccardi, Andrea Maialetti, Mirco Goro, Andrea Rossetti, Ornella Argento, Cecilia Guariglia
The present study has two-fold aims: to investigate whether gender differences persist even when more time is given to acquire spatial information; to assess the gender effect when the retrieval phase requires recalling the pathway from the same or a different reference perspective (egocentric or allocentric). Specifically, we analyse the performance of men and women while learning a path from a map or by observing an experimenter in a real environment. We then asked them to reproduce the learned path using the same reference system (map learning vs...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622015/empathy-is-proprioceptive-the-bodily-fundament-of-empathy-a-philosophical-contribution-to-medical-education
#19
Florian Schmidsberger, Henriette Löffler-Stastka
BACKGROUND: The current philosophical debate on empathy entails accounts of theory of mind and simulation as well as a phenomenological opposition. The first focuses on a detached observation of others from a 3rd person perspective and formulates the common claim that there is no direct access to the mental and emotional life of others, only simulation or analogy can grant access to the emotions and behaviour of others. The philosophical respectively phenomenological account of Fuchs instead opposes by focusing personal interaction within a 1st or 2nd person perspective claiming that the emotions of others are experienceable through bodily expression and bodily resonance...
April 5, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620401/perspective-mistaking-accurately-understanding-the-mind-of-another-requires-getting-perspective-not-taking-perspective
#20
Tal Eyal, Mary Steffel, Nicholas Epley
Taking another person's perspective is widely presumed to increase interpersonal understanding. Very few experiments, however, have actually tested whether perspective taking increases accuracy when predicting another person's thoughts, feelings, attitudes, or other mental states. Those that do yield inconsistent results, or they confound accuracy with egocentrism. Here we report 25 experiments testing whether being instructed to adopt another person's perspective increases interpersonal insight. These experiments include a wide range of accuracy tests that disentangle egocentrism and accuracy, such as predicting another person's emotions from facial expressions and body postures, predicting fake versus genuine smiles, predicting when a person is lying or telling the truth, and predicting a spouse's activity preferences and consumer attitudes...
April 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
keyword
keyword
37741
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"