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Gina J Ferris, Stephanie Fabbro, Alejandro Gru, Jessica Kaffenberger
We present an original case report of a 58-year-old man with a history of histiocytoid Sweet and myelodysplastic syndrome who presented with a new onset of tender plaques on his oral commissures. A biopsy revealed a dense dermal neutrophilic infiltrate, leukocytoclasis without frank vasculitis, and, most notably, the presence of many xanthomatized cells. Clinical presentation and histologic features were most consistent with an acute neutrophilic dermatosis, which we believe to be a xanthomized variant of Sweet syndrome...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Gillian Roga, Madhukhara Jithendriya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
Masaya Iwamuro, Takehiro Tanaka, Fumio Otsuka, Hiroyuki Okada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Internal Medicine
Eftychia Platsidaki, Anargyros Kouris, Efthymia Agiasofitou, Christina Antoniou, Georgios Kontochristopoulos
Background: Xanthelasma palpebrarum refers to xanthomas that occur more often near the inner canthus of the eyelid. Periorbital hyperpigmentation presents as a dark area surrounding the eyelids. Objective: In the present study, the authors examined the prevalence and the associated factors of periorbital hyperpigmentation among patients with xanthelasma. Methods: One hundred and fourteen patients with xanthelasma palpebrarum were examined for the presence of dark circles. Detailed questionnaires regarding the history of diabetes, hypothyroidism, smoking status, and weight were completed by all patients...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
Thumanoon Ruangchaijatuporn, Eric Y Chang, Christine B Chung
A 56-year-old man presented with a painless prepatellar mass of the left knee. MR images demonstrated a large, well-defined mass with heterogeneous intermediate signal intensity on T1- and proton density-weighted images. Mild, heterogeneous enhancement was noted after the intravenous administration of gadolinium. Diagnostic imaging included atypical soft-tissue infection, fibrogranulomatous reaction, gouty tophus, rheumatoid nodule and xanthoma or possibly malignancy. The histopathological examination revealed sarcoidosis involving the prepatellar bursa...
October 6, 2016: Skeletal Radiology
Cristina Díaz Del Arco, Ángel Álvarez Sánchez, M Jesús Fernández Aceñero
Gastrointestinal xanthomas are infrequent non-neoplastic lesions characterized by the accumulation of foam cells in the lamina propria. They are commonly seen in association with dyslipidemia, chemotherapy or radiotherapy, and infections in immunosuppressed patients. However, no clear connection to hyperlipidemia has been found. They occur more frequently in the stomach, and are very rare in the small bowel and esophagus. We identified all cases of non-gastric xanthoma or xanthomatosis reported in the English literature by searching the PubMed database and retrospectively reviewed the clinical, endoscopic, and histopathologic features of the 11 cases of non-gastric gastrointestinal xanthomas diagnosed in our hospital...
September 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
Junpei Koge, Shintaro Hayashi, Hiroo Yamaguchi, Takahisa Tateishi, Hiroyuki Murai, Jun-Ichi Kira
A 37-old-male with a history of early childhood mental retardation was admitted to our hospital. He experienced recurrent syncopes at 23 years old, and at age 35 gait disturbance and hearing impairment developed gradually and worsened over time. His grandparents were in a consanguineous marriage. He was of short stature and absent of tendon xanthomas. Neurological examinations revealed scanning speech, dysphagia, right sensorineural hearing loss, spasticity in both upper and lower extremities, and spastic gait...
September 28, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Charlotte Koopal, Frank L J Visseren, A David Marais, Jan Westerink, Wilko Spiering
Tendon xanthoma are most commonly associated with Familial Hypercholesterolemia, but the differential diagnosis includes sitosterolemia and cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX). The case presented here is of a 48-year old male with large tendon xanthomas attributable to CTX. CTX is a rare, recessive disorder caused by mutations in the CYP27A1 gene. The resultant defect in bile acid synthesis leads to cholestanol deposition in different tissues in the body, including tendons. CTX is associated with neurologic symptoms and a reduced life expectancy...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
Muhammad Kashif, Hanesh Kumar, Misbahuddin Khaja
BACKGROUND: Eruptive xanthomas are benign skin lesions caused by localized deposition of lipids in the dermis. The lesions are generally caused by elevated levels of serum triglycerides that leak through the capillaries and are phagocytosed by macrophages in the dermis. Clinical manifestation varies from asymptomatic skin lesions to intense pruritus and tenderness. METHODS: We present a case of a middle-aged man admitted with diabetic ketoacidosis secondary to noncompliance with insulin...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Matan Rothschild, Greg Duhon, Rashid Riaz, Vybhav Jetty, Naila Goldenberg, Charles J Glueck, Ping Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
Andrii Dinets, Dmytro Unukovych, Vasyl Khrapach, Olga Zakhartseva, Volodymyr Sulik, Edgar Kaminskyi, Olexandr Khrapach, Ani Meloyan, Lubov Zakhartseva, Volodymyr Mishalov
A suspicious breast mass was intra-operatively found in a female patient previously operated for breast augmentation with the Poly Implant Prothèse (PIP) implants. The neoplasm was verified as xanthoma and an asymptomatic microrupture of PIP was also detected. This report discusses possible association of breast xanthoma with PIP implant rupture.
2016: Case Reports in Plastic Surgery & Hand Surgery
Hossein Kavoussi, Ali Ebrahimi, Mansour Rezaei, Mazaher Ramezani, Behnaz Najafi, Reza Kavoussi
BACKGROUND: Although many factors are involved in the etiology of xanthelasma palpebrum, lipid disorder is strongly associated with its induction. Xanthelasma palpebrum, the most common type of xanthoma, usually presents in middle-aged females and results in aesthetic problems. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate thelipid profile and important clinical aspects of xanthelasma palpebrum patients. METHODS: In this descriptive study, we enrolled 42xanthelasma palpebrumpatients, and 42 cases of non-inflammatory skin disorders as thecontrol group, matched for age and gender...
July 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
Fabienne Parente, Matthew Vesnaver, Rami Massie, Alexis Baass
Tendinous xanthomas are often thought to be pathognomonic for familial hypercholesterolemia. In this report, we present the case of a young man with a normal lipid profile and Achilles tendon xanthoma. Biochemical and genetic studies confirmed the diagnosis of cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis in this patient. Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis is a rare autosomal recessive disease associated with xanthoma in tendons and the brain as well as progressive neurologic deficits. Unfortunately, this rare form of reversible dementia is thought to be underdiagnosed...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
Nivedita Patni, Julie Brothers, Chao Xing, Abhimanyu Garg
Type I hyperlipoproteinemia (T1HLP) usually presents with extreme hypertriglyceridemia, recurrent episodes of acute pancreatitis, lipemia retinalis, and cutaneous eruptive xanthomas. We report a unique 10-year-old male of Indian origin who presented in neonatal period with transient obstructive jaundice and xanthomas in the pancreas and kidneys. Serum triglycerides stabilized with extremely low-fat diet although he subsequently developed pancreatic atrophy. Extreme hypertriglyceridemia failed to respond to treatment with fenofibrate, fish oil, and orlistat...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
Claudio Rabacchi, Federico Bigazzi, Mariarita Puntoni, Francesco Sbrana, Tiziana Sampietro, Patrizia Tarugi, Stefano Bertolini, Sebastiano Calandra
BACKGROUND: Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia is a rare clinical phenotype with a variable expression, which is characterized by extremely elevated plasma low-density lipoprotein (LDL), tendon and skin xanthomas, and a progressive atherosclerosis. In 95% of patients, homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia is due to mutations in low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) gene, which abolish (receptor-negative) or greatly reduce (receptor-defective) LDLR function. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was the molecular and phenotypic characterization of 4 siblings with severe hypercholesterolemia...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
Madhura Milind Killedar, Aslam A Shivani, Usha Shinde
Idiopathic scrotal calcinosis (ISC) is a rare benign condition which presents with multiple, asymptomatic, and painless nodules on the scrotal skin wall. The lesions have been attributed as sebaceous cysts, calcified steatocystoma, fibroma, atheroma, and xanthoma. Shapiro et al. reviewed the histologic data and found no evidence of an epithelial lining, residual cysts, and lipid or organisms, and concluded that the calcification was idiopathic introducing the term "idiopathic scrotal calcinosis." We have studied four cases of idiopathic scrotal calcinosis, one of which had scrotal calcinosis involving the whole of the scrotum...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
H Chu, H J Kim, M G Lee
Colloid milium and colloid degeneration encompass a spectrum of rare dermatologic diseases that share a common histopathological finding of dermal colloid depositions. Nodular colloid degeneration or paracolloid is a rare subtype that presents as nodular, plaque-like lesions usually on chronically sun-exposed skin(1, 2) . We present a case of nodular colloid degeneration or paracolloid that occurred on the face and scalp. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
August 23, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Adalberto Serrano, Vicente Pascual
INTRODUCTION: The clinical inertia in the screening and treatment of patients at high or very high cardiovascular risk leads to the failure to achieve LDLc targets in this population. The aim of the DIANA study was to determine the opinion of doctors about the screening for dyslipidaemia, the usual practice, and the differences between Primary Care physicians and other specialties. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire, using the modified Delphi method, included four blocks on dyslipidemic patients with impaired glucose metabolism...
August 16, 2016: Semergen
Louis J Soslowsky, George W Fryhofer
Hypercholesterolemia is a serious health problem that is associated not only with heart disease, but also tendon pathology. In high cholesterol environments (e.g. familial hyperlipidemia), lipids accumulate within the tendon extracellular matrix and form deposits called xanthomas. Lipid-related changes are known to affect several tendon mechanical properties, including stiffness and modulus, in uninjured and injured tendons, alike. Mechanisms to explain these cholesterol-related changes are multiple, including alterations in tenocyte gene and protein expression, matrix turnover, tissue vascularity, and cytokine production...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Guang-Zhi Yang, Jing Li, Lu-Ping Wang
BACKGROUND: Xanthoma disseminatum (XD) is a rare benign histiocytic proliferating disease of non-Langerhans cell origin, which is clinically mainly characterized by cutaneous or mucous lesions. Although XD is acknowledged of one systematic disease, involvement of the central nervous system is quite rare. CASE PRESENTATION: We presented one 34-year-old Chinese female with disseminated intracranial XD without cutaneous or oral mucosal papules and masses of the other organs...
2016: Diagnostic Pathology
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