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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663396/internet-trolling-and-everyday-sadism-parallel-effects-on-pain-perception-and-moral-judgment
#1
Erin E Buckels, Paul D Trapnell, Tamara Andjelovic, Delroy L Paulhus
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the association between online trolling and sadistic personality; and provide evidence that the reward and rationalization processes at work in sadism are likewise manifest in online trolling. METHOD: Online respondents (total N = 1,715) completed self-report measures of personality and trolling behavior. They subsequently engaged in one of two judgment tasks. In Study 1, respondents viewed stimuli depicting scenes of emotional/physical suffering, and provided ratings of (a) perceived pain intensity and (b) pleasure experienced while viewing the photos...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487335/gender-bias-in-clinicians-pathologization-of-atypical-sexuality-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-mental-health-professionals
#2
Johannes Fuss, Peer Briken, Verena Klein
The psychiatric classification of "normal" versus disordered sexual behavior has been a subject of some dispute. Although atypical sexual interests have been viewed traditionally as typically male, epidemiological data indicate its presence in both genders. We examined how gender and sexual orientation influence whether or not atypical sexual behavior is classified as a mental disorder. Mental health professionals (N = 546) were presented with five case vignettes where subjects exhibit paraphilic behaviors; one case with psychotic symptoms served as the control condition...
February 27, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448863/mental-health-literacy-sub-clinical-personality-disorders-and-job-fit
#3
Adrian Furnham, Kelly Petropoulou
BACKGROUND: This study looked at lay theories of how people with sub-clinical personality disorders experience the world of work. AIMS: The aim was to investigate the paradox that subclinical and clinical personality disorders are seen as beneficial for success, rather than a handicap in certain jobs. METHODS: In all, 230 participants read 14 vignettes derived from Oldham and Morris's book describing DSMIII personality disorders for a popular audience...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294688/is-investigative-awareness-a-distinctive-feature-of-sexual-sadism
#4
Kylie Reale, Eric Beauregard, Melissa Martineau
Sadistic offenders are often described as individuals who are forensically aware, who carefully plan their offenses, and preselect the location of their crime. Despite this emphasis on strategies to avoid police detection, no study has specifically examined whether this behavior or trait was specific to sadistic offenders. Utilizing a sample of 350 cases of sexual homicide from Canada, sadistic sexual homicide offenders (SHOs) are compared with nonsadistic SHOs on their investigative awareness. Results from logistic regression analyses show that sadistic SHOs are more likely to use various precautions to avoid detection and select a deserted location, in comparison with nonsadistic offenders...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251185/homicide-concealed-strangulation-after-bobbing-reins-in-sexually-sadistic-homicide
#5
M Chauhan, M Pradhan, C Behera, A Aggrawal, S Naagar, T D Dogra
This case of sexually motivated homicide combined the perpetrator's obliteration of his victim's identity along with his attempt at concealment of the corpse and sexual gratification following ligature strangulation of a young unidentified female from a minority Indian state. Sexual bondage was evident with characteristic body tying in a typical posture to fuel the killer's sexual arousal and gratification before, during and then after strangling his victim with a scarf. The victim's body was left in a sack packed with vegetables and transported from the crime site and found abandoned in a park...
March 2018: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204815/sadistic-offender-or-sexual-sadism-taxometric-evidence-for-a-dimensional-structure-of-sexual-sadism
#6
Nicholas Longpré, Jean-Pierre Guay, Raymond A Knight, Massil Benbouriche
Severe sexual sadism is a disorder of sexual preferences that focuses on humiliation and domination of the victim, sometimes causing grievous injury or death. Because offenders with high levels of sadism represent a risk to both reoffend and cause considerable harm should they reoffend, a diagnosis of sexual sadism has serious implications. The actual diagnosis of sexual sadism is fraught with problems (i.e., low reliability and validity) and exhibits poor consistency across assessments and studies (Levenson, 2004; Marshall, Kennedy, & Yates, 2002a)...
February 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187725/mobbing-bullying-at-work-in-italy-characteristics-of-successful-court-cases
#7
Daniela Acquadro Maran, Silvia Bernardelli, Antonella Varetto
BACKGROUND: Mobbing (bullying at work) refers to a form of psychological harassment that occurs in the workplace, in which the victim must be systematically and continuously persecuted for a long period of time. The aim of this work is to analyze the court judgments related to mobbing. METHODS: The data, collected from a website that included judgments from an Italian court, were analyzed according to the literature, identifying the type of victims, consequences, methods of harassment, type of mobbers, and compensation decided by the court...
January 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058955/mtc-sadism-scale-toward-a-dimensional-assessment-of-severe-sexual-sadism-with-behavioral-markers
#8
Nicholas Longpré, Jean-Pierre Guay, Raymond A Knight
Sadism was initially described as the experience of sexual pleasure produced by acts of cruelty and bodily punishment. Sadism was conceptualized as if sadists were fundamentally different from nonsadists. Recent studies have suggested that sadism is distributed as a dimension rather than as a category. The aim of the current study was to assess the psychometric properties the MTC Sexual Sadism Scale. Our analyses were conducted on a sample of 486 sexual offenders assessed at a correctional institution in Massachusetts...
October 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963465/the-oxytocinergic-system-modulates-sadistic-context-dependent-empathy-in-humans
#9
Siyang Luo, Yiyi Zhu, Ying Xu, Qianting Kong
The oxytocinergic system is crucial for sociality and well-being and is associated with empathy. It is suggested that the oxytocinergic system exerts context- and person-dependent effects. We examined how sexual sadistic contexts influenced the effects of the oxytocinergic system on empathic-related behaviors and brain activity in healthy adults. Combining genetic neuroimaging, pharmacological techniques and a psychological paradigm of empathy, we recorded EEG neural responses in female OXTR rs53756 G/G and A/A carriers and measured subjective empathic ratings after intranasal administration of oxytocin/placebo in healthy male adults during the perception of painful facial expressions in sadistic/general social contexts...
September 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919277/-accomplices-under-influence-teachers-lovers-incestigators-or-pimps%C3%A2-who-are-females-child-abusers
#10
Virginie Cailleau, Bérangère Thirioux, Ghina Harika-Germaneau, Nematollah Jaafari
According to victimization surveys, the percentage of females among child abusers is much higher than 2 or 5% as usually reported in the devoted literature. The under-estimated percentage of child sexual abuses committed by females would result from the dissimulation of sexual acts within nursing care, a gender bias in favor of women among child protection system professionals and low disclosures. Sexual abuses committed by females are often more harmful for children than sexual abuses committed by males. Although a few female child abusers suffers from psychiatric disorders, most of them are psychologically and emotionally dependent from a man or have psychopathic, manipulative and sometimes sadistic personality traits...
December 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903691/sadism-the-intuitive-system-and-antisocial-punishment-in-the-public-goods-game
#11
Stefan Pfattheicher, Johannes Keller, Goran Knezevic
In public goods situations, a specific destructive behavior emerges when individuals face the possibility of punishing others: antisocial punishment, that is, costly punishing cooperative individuals. So far, little is known about the (intuitive or reflective) processes underlying antisocial punishment. Building on the Social Heuristics Hypothesis and arguing that antisocial punishment reflects the basic characteristics of sadism, namely, aggressive behavior to dominate and to harm other individuals it is assumed that everyday sadists intuitively engage in antisocial punishment...
March 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854056/bdsm-role-fluidity-a-mixed-methods-approach-to-investigating-switches-within-dominant-submissive-binaries
#12
Katherine Martinez
This mixed-methods study of BDSM investigates the nuances of BDSM participants' role identities, role frequencies, and role fluidities-shifts in identities and play across time, location, scene, and play partner. Data were gathered from 202 online surveys and 25 semistructured interviews about participants' roles given their gender and sexual identities. These data reveal that men tend to self-identify as Dominant, Master, Top, or Sadist (DMTS) and always perform dominant roles, while women tend to self-identify as Submissive, Slave, Bottom, or Masochist (SSBM) and always perform submissive roles...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689133/the-european-politics-of-animal-experimentation-from-victorian-britain-to-stop-vivisection
#13
Pierre-Luc Germain, Luca Chiapperino, Giuseppe Testa
This paper identifies a common political struggle behind debates on the validity and permissibility of animal experimentation, through an analysis of two recent European case studies: the Italian implementation of the European Directive 2010/63/EC regulating the use of animals in science, and the recent European Citizens' Initiative (ECI) 'Stop Vivisection'. Drawing from a historical parallel with Victorian antivivisectionism, we highlight important threads in our case studies that mark the often neglected specificities of debates on animal experimentation...
July 6, 2017: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639845/between-the-pew-and-the-pulpit-can-personality-measures-help-identify-sexually-abusive-clergy
#14
Aria Amrom, Cynthia Calkins, Jamison Fargo
There has been limited conclusive research examining the personality characteristics of clergy who perpetrate abuse. To address this dearth of research, the current study aimed to develop a personality profile that distinguishes clergy members who sexually abuse children from other clergy. Personality and psychopathology were assessed using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) and the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III (MCMI-III). Data were analyzed from a sample of clergy members, who comprised four comparison groups: clergy members referred to treatment for (a) child sexual abuse, (b) sexual misconduct with adults, (c) general clinical problems, or (d) routine employment evaluations with no previously identified clinical or sexual issues...
June 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461869/personality-patterns-and-smoking-behavior-among-students-in-tabriz-iran
#15
Ali Fakharri, Ali Jahani, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Mostafa Farahbakhsh, Asghar Mohammadpour Asl
INTRODUCTION: Psychological factors have always been considered for their role on risk taking behavior such as substance abuse, risky driving and smoking. The aim of this study was to determine the association between smoking behavior and potential personality patterns among high school students in Tabriz, Iran. METHODS: Through a multistage sampling in a cross-sectional study, 1000 students were enrolled to represent the final grade high school student population of Tabriz, Iran in 2013...
March 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066905/implications-of-genital-mutilation-at-autopsy
#16
Roger W Byard
Given the potential significance of mutilation of the external genitalia in medicolegal fatalities, a review of the literature was undertaken to identify subcategories. Such mutilations may have been sustained sometime before death, around the time of death, or after death. The most common type of ante mortem genital mutilations involves cultural practices such as male circumcision. Less common male mutilations such as subincisions are tribally based. Female genital mutilation is found particularly in African, Middle Eastern, or Asian populations...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990636/factitious-disorder-in-a-patient-claiming-to-be-a-sexually-sadistic-serial-killer
#17
Christopher A Fischer, Mace Beckson, Park Dietz
Factitious disorder involves the conscious simulation of psychological or physiological symptoms of illness, for the purpose of fulfilling the unconscious desire to be taken care of or to assume the "sick role." Typically patients with factitious disorder simulate conditions that are designed to arouse feelings of empathy in care providers with the intention to engage them in caretaking. However, patients might also simulate conditions that arouse revulsion or rejection and still meet full diagnostic criteria for factitious disorder...
May 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808535/combating-the-sting-of-rejection-with-the-pleasure-of-revenge-a-new-look-at-how-emotion-shapes-aggression
#18
David S Chester, C Nathan DeWall
How does emotion explain the relationship between social rejection and aggression? Rejection reliably damages mood, leaving individuals motivated to repair their negatively valenced affective state. Retaliatory aggression is often a pleasant experience. Rejected individuals may then harness revenge's associated positive affect to repair their mood. Across 6 studies (total N = 1,516), we tested the prediction that the rejection-aggression link is motivated by expected and actual mood repair. Further, we predicted that this mood repair would occur through the positive affect of retaliatory aggression...
March 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754917/masochism-and-its-rhythm
#19
Giuseppe Civitarese
Over five years, from 1919 to 1924, Freud dealt with masochism in three texts written in close proximity: "A Child Is Being Beaten," Beyond the Pleasure Principle, and "The Economic Problem of Masochism." Initially Freud explains masochism as incestuous fixation on the father and regression to pregenital, sadistic ways of loving. Subsequently he considers it primarily as subservient to the death drive. This paper starts from an idea present in two of the three texts, but not developed by Freud, in which he refers to the role that the "qualitative" element of rhythm could play in the occurrence of pleasure in masochism...
October 17, 2016: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587762/seneca-on-anger-mercy-and-sadistic-homicide-in-100-words
#20
John H M Crichton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
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