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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709385/recurrent-childhood-animal-cruelty-and-its-link-to-recurrent-adult-interpersonal-violence
#1
Caleb E Trentham, Christopher Hensley, Christina Policastro
In the early 1960s, researchers began to examine the potential link between childhood animal cruelty and future interpersonal violence. Findings since then have been inconsistent in establishing a relationship between the two. This may be due to researchers failing to measure the recurrency of childhood animal abuse and the recurrency of later violent acts committed in adulthood. The current study, using data from 257 inmates at a medium-security prison in a Southern state, is a replication of research conducted by Tallichet and Hensley, and Hensley, Tallichet, and Dutkiewicz, which examined this recurrency issue...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690372/on-seizing-the-source-toward-a-phenomenology-of-religious-violence
#2
Michael Staudigl
In this paper I argue that we need to analyze 'religious violence' in the 'post-secular context' in a twofold way: rather than simply viewing it in terms of mere irrationality, senselessness, atavism, or monstrosity - terms which, as we witness today on an immense scale, are strongly endorsed by the contemporary theater of cruelty committed in the name of religion - we also need to understand it in terms of an 'originary supplement' of 'disengaged reason'. In order to confront its specificity beyond traditional explanations of violence, I propose an integrated phenomenological account of religion that traces the phenomenality of religion in terms of a correlation between the originary givenness of transcendence and capable man's creative capacities to respond to it...
October 19, 2016: Int J Philos Stud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659065/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-cats-testing-positive-for-feline-immunodeficiency-virus-and-feline-leukaemia-virus-infection-in-cats-entering-an-animal-shelter-in-new-zealand
#3
M C Gates, S Vigeant, A Dale
AIMS: To estimate the prevalence of cats testing positive for antibodies to feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and feline leukaemia virus (FeLV) antigens in domestic cats entering a New Zealand animal shelter, based on a commercial point-of-care ELISA, to identify risk factors associated with cats testing positive, and to compare the results obtained from the ELISA with those obtained using PCR-based testing. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was performed on 388 cats entering the Royal New Zealand Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RNZSPCA) animal shelter in Auckland, New Zealand between 7 February 2014 and 30 May 2014...
June 28, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562091/cyberbullying-in-children-and-youth-implications-for-health-and-clinical-practice
#4
Tracy Vaillancourt, Robert Faris, Faye Mishna
We review the recent literature on cyberbullying and its effects on victimised youth, identifying key points. We conclude that cyberbullying, while following many of the underlying dynamics of more traditional forms of bullying, features some unique qualities that can both magnify the damage caused and make it more difficult to detect. These features include the pervasive, never-ending nature of cyberbullying and the ability to quickly reach large audiences. The potential for anonymity and the related distance afforded by screens and devices compared to in-person interaction allow the cruelty of cyberbullying to go unchecked...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481256/childhood-attachment-to-pets-associations-between-pet-attachment-attitudes-to-animals-compassion-and-humane-behaviour
#5
Roxanne D Hawkins, Joanne M Williams, Scottish Society For The Prevention Of Cruelty To Animals Scottish Spca
Attachment to pets has an important role in children's social, emotional, and cognitive development, mental health, well-being, and quality of life. This study examined associations between childhood attachment to pets and caring and friendship behaviour, compassion, and attitudes towards animals. This study also examined socio-demographic differences, particularly pet ownership and pet type. A self-report survey of over one thousand 7 to 12 year-olds in Scotland, UK, revealed that the majority of children are strongly attached to their pets, but attachment scores differ depending on pet type and child gender...
May 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407279/orangutan-trade-confiscations-and-lack-of-prosecutions-in-indonesia
#6
Vincent Nijman
Prosecuting and sentencing law breakers punishes the offender and acts as a deterrent for future law breakers. With thousands of Sumatran and Bornean orangutans (Pongo abelii and P. pygmaeus) having entered private and government rescue centers and facilities, I evaluate the role of successful prosecution in orangutan conservation in Indonesia. Orangutans have been protected in Indonesian since 1931 and they are not allowed to be traded or to be kept as pets. In the period 1993-2016 at least 440 orangutans were formally confiscated, and many more were "donated" to law enforcement agencies...
April 13, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385741/mps-call-for-tougher-cruelty-sentences
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 8, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385740/cruelty-investigations-rise-in-2016
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 8, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368662/assessing-effectiveness-of-a-nonhuman-animal-welfare-education-program-for-primary-school-children
#9
Roxanne D Hawkins, Joanne M Williams
Nonhuman animal welfare education aims to promote positive relationships between children and animals and thus improve animal welfare, yet few scientific evaluations of these programs exist. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of an education program developed by the Scottish Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA) that included 4 interventions focusing on pets (companion animals), wild animals, farm animals, and general animal rescues. Knowledge, attachment to pets, and attitudes and beliefs about animal minds were assessed at pretest, posttest, and delayed posttest using a questionnaire administered to 1,217 Scottish children aged 7 to 13 years old...
July 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346050/perception-of-canine-welfare-concerns-among-veterinary-students-practitioners-and-behavior-specialists-in-spain
#10
Isabel Luño, Jorge Palacio, Sylvia García-Belenguer, Ángela González-Martínez, Belén Rosado
Veterinarians are well placed to supervise and ensure canine welfare. However, the perception of animal welfare among veterinarians may vary depending on the level of training and professional practice, including the specialization in animal behavior and welfare. The aim of this study was to survey the perception of canine welfare among veterinarians, including students, practitioners, and behavior specialists. A scale-based questionnaire including 12 issues affecting canine welfare was adapted from Yeates and Main and distributed to first-year (n=50) and fifth-year veterinary students (n=50), as well as veterinary practitioners (n=260) and specialists in behavioral medicine (n=50)...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255036/calls-for-the-profession-to-support-tougher-cruelty-sentencing
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 4, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255034/it-is-time-to-take-animal-cruelty-out-of-the-too-difficult-box
#12
Adele Waters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 4, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243759/did-king-herod-suffer-from-a-rheumatic-disease
#13
Cianna Leatherwood, Richard S Panush
Herod the Great was appointed "king of Jews," to govern Judea, by the Roman Emperor and Senate. He lived from 73/74 BCE to 4 CE. He died with an illness and symptoms that have been the source of considerable speculation. Richard Strauss depicted Herod in his classic opera, "Salome." That opera was derived from a play of the same name by Oscar Wilde, which was based on an 1876 painting, "Salome Dancing Before Herod," by Gustave Moreau. The operatic Herod was afflicted with an illness characterized by dementia, hallucinations, paranoia, alcoholism (from drinking the Emperor's wine), violence, twitches, and sterility; different interpretations showed him also with falls, chills, shaking, thirst, forgetfulness, and sleepiness, for which we suggest the novel diagnosis of chronic lead intoxication (which can manifest to rheumatologists as saturnine gout)...
February 27, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235912/charity-campaigns-for-tougher-sentences-for-animal-cruelty
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 25, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218670/religion-and-animal-welfare-an-islamic-perspective
#15
REVIEW
Sira Abdul Rahman
Islam is a comprehensive religion guiding the lives of its followers through sets of rules governing the personal, social, and public aspects through the verses of the Holy Qur'an and Hadiths, the compilation of the traditions of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh), the two main documents that serve as guidelines. Islam is explicit with regard to using animals for human purposes and there is a rich tradition of the Prophet Mohammad's (pbuh) concern for animals to be found in the Hadith and Sunna. Islam has also laid down rules for humane slaughter...
February 17, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078976/beyond-purity
#16
Roger Giner-Sorolla, Hanah A Chapman
Previous studies support a link between moral disgust and impurity, whereas anger is linked to harm. We challenged these strict correspondences by showing that disgust is activated in response to information about moral character, even for harm violations. By contrast, anger is activated in response to information about actions, including their moral wrongness and consequences. Study 1 examined disgust and anger in response to an action that suggests bad moral character (animal cruelty) versus an action that is seen as inherently more wrong (domestic abuse)...
January 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916513/empathy-and-its-discontents
#17
REVIEW
Paul Bloom
What role does the experience of feeling what you think others are feeling - often known as 'empathy' - have in moral deliberation and moral action? Empathy has many fans and there is abundant evidence that it can motivate prosocial behavior. However, empathy is narrow in its focus, rendering it innumerate and subject to bias. It can motivate cruelty and aggression and lead to burnout and exhaustion. Compassion is distinct from empathy in its neural instantiation and its behavioral consequences and is a better prod to moral action, particularly in the modern world we live in...
January 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827879/owners-perceptions-of-their-animal-s-behavioural-response-to-the-loss-of-an-animal-companion
#18
Jessica K Walker, Natalie K Waran, Clive J C Phillips
The loss of a companion animal is recognised as being associated with experiences of grief by the owner, but it is unclear how other animals in the household may be affected by such a loss. Our aim was to investigate companion animals' behavioural responses to the loss of a companion through owner-report. A questionnaire was distributed via, and advertised within, publications produced by the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) across Australia and New Zealand, and through a selection of veterinary clinics within New Zealand...
November 3, 2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827535/safewalk-improving-enrichment-and-adoption-rates-for-shelter-dogs-by-changing-human-behavior
#19
Terri M Bright, Louise Hadden
Shelter dogs are typically cared for by staff and volunteers. At the Boston location of the Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, prior to 2009, any member of the public who was older than 16 years of age and attended 1 orientation could walk dogs available for adoption. There was no systematic method of training volunteers or staff to walk unruly, strong, or fearful dogs, nor was there any organized system of enrichment in the form of in-kennel or out-of-kennel training for the population of 20 to 40 dogs in the shelter...
January 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739581/identification-of-risk-for-severe-psychiatric-comorbidity-in-pediatric-epilepsy
#20
Jana E Jones, Prabha Siddarth, Dace Almane, Suresh Gurbani, Bruce P Hermann, Rochelle Caplan
OBJECTIVE: This study identified items on the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) that predict those children and adolescents with epilepsy at highest risk for multiple psychiatric diagnoses. METHODS: Three hundred twenty-eight children, ages 5-18 years, and their parents participated in separate structured psychiatric interviews about the children, which yielded Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) diagnoses...
November 2016: Epilepsia
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