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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349804/integrity-situational-judgement-test-for-medical-school-selection-judging-what-to-do-versus-what-not-to-do
#1
Wendy E de Leng, Karen M Stegers-Jager, Marise Ph Born, Axel P N Themmen
CONTEXT: Despite their widespread use in medical school selection, there remains a lack of clarity on exactly what situational judgement tests (SJTs) measure. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to develop an SJT that measures integrity by combining critical incident interviews (inductive approach) with an innovative deductive approach. The deductive approach guided the development of the SJT according to two established theoretical models, of which one was positively related to integrity (honesty-humility [HH]) and one was negatively related to integrity (cognitive distortions [CD])...
January 19, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329403/host-tree-selection-by-the-invasive-argentine-ant-hymenoptera-formicidae-in-relation-to-honeydew-producing-insects
#2
Yugo Seko, Daisuke Hayasaka, Atsushi Nishino, Taizo Uchida, Francisco Sánchez-Bayo, Takuo Sawahata
The Argentine ant, Linepithema humile (Mayr; Hymenoptera: Formicidae), is one of the world's most hazardous invasive species, and thus its eradication from Japan is important. Physical and chemical controls can be expensive and cause strong adverse effects on local terrestrial ecosystems regardless of their high efficacy. Here, presence/absence of host-tree selection by Argentine ants was investigated to understand the ant-honeydew-producing insects interactions in order to develop new cultural controls compatible with biodiversity conservation...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325815/intersectionality-and-the-lgbt-cancer-patient
#3
REVIEW
Penny Damaskos, Beau Amaya, RuthAnn Gordon, Chasity Burrows Walters
OBJECTIVES: To present the ways in which race, ethnicity, class, gender, and sexual orientation interact in the context of cancer risk, access to care, and treatment by health care providers. Cancer risk factors, access to care, and treatment for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) patients are discussed within the context of intersectionality and cultural humility. DATA SOURCES: Peer reviewed articles, cancer organizations, and clinical practice. CONCLUSION: LGBT patients have multiple identities that intersect to create unique experiences...
January 8, 2018: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314478/navigating-systems-ideas-for-health-practice-towards-a-common-learning-device
#4
Martin Reynolds, Eric Sarriot, Robert Chad Swanson, Evan Rusoja
Systems thinking and reference to complexity science have gained currency in health sector practice and research. The extent to which such ideas might represent a mere passing fad or might more usefully be mobilized to tackle wicked problems in health systems is a concern underpinning this paper. Developing the usefulness of the systems idea requires appreciating how systems ideas are used essentially as constructs conceptually bounded by practitioners. Systems are used for purposes of understanding and engaging the reality of health issues, with the intent of transforming the reality into one that is more manageable, equitable, and sustainable...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314385/from-humiliation-to-humility
#5
EDITORIAL
David Isaacs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303749/developing-an-attitude-of-humility
#6
EDITORIAL
Roger D Winland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288878/distributive-justice-an-ethical-priority-in-global-palliative-care
#7
Rachel A Hadler, William E Rosa
Providing care to cancer patients in resource-poor settings often demands complex trade-offs regarding resource allocation. It is estimated that over 60% of all cancer deaths worldwide occur in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where channels to care and appropriate symptom management interventions are overstressed or obsolete. Concepts of distributive justice underlie much of global health policy. As appetites for expanding global palliative care services increase so do questions of fair and culturally appropriate distribution...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279222/aggression-prevention-and-reduction-in-diverse-cultures-and-contexts
#8
REVIEW
Farida Anwar, Douglas P Fry, Ingrida Grigaitytė
It is not as difficult to prevent and reduce violence as commonly assumed. The examination of peaceful societies and nonviolent social movements provides insight on how core values and norms like humility, respect for others, love and caring, forgiveness, and patience are fundamental in promoting peace. Additionally, nonviolent attitudes actualized through nonviolent models and non-punitive childrearing practices can help socialize children to become nonviolent adults. At the group level, the commitment to nonviolence by individuals using methods of sit-ins, boycotts, strikes, work slow-downs, civil disobedience, marches, and demonstrations in struggles against violence and oppression can bring about positive social change...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242573/extremely-premature-birth-informed-written-consent-and-the-greek-ideal-of-sophrosyne
#9
Joseph W Kaempf, Kevin Dirksen
Most extremely premature infants die in the intensive care unit or suffer significant neurologic impairment. Many therapies result in unhealthy consequences, and the emotional and financial turmoil for families warrant reappraisal of our motives. Shared decision-making and informed consent in preference-sensitive conditions imply the family: (a) understands the medical problem, (b) grasps the risks and benefits of each therapy, (c) has the opportunity to ask questions and reflect upon options, (d) knows their values and preferences are understood, and (e) accepts or declines therapies without judgment or penalty...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239513/without-or-without-pheromone-habituation-possible-differences-between-insect-orders
#10
David Maxwell Suckling, Lloyd D Stringer, Alfredo Jiménez-Pérez, Gimme H Walter, Nicola Sullivan, Ashraf M El-Sayed
BACKGROUND: Habituation to sex pheromones is one of the key mechanisms in mating disruption, an insect control tactic. Male moths often show reduced sexual response after pre-exposure to female sex pheromone. Mating disruption is relatively rare in insect orders other than Lepidoptera. RESULTS: As a positive control we confirmed habituation in a moth (Epiphyas postvittana) using 24 h pre-exposure to sex pheromone to reduce subsequent activation behaviour. We then tested the impact of pre-exposure to sex or trail pheromone on subsequent behavioural response with insects from three other orders...
December 14, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229692/residency-training-the-need-for-an-integrated-diversity-curriculum-for-neurology-residency
#11
Nicole Rosendale, S Andrew Josephson
BACKGROUND: Providing culturally responsive care to an increasingly multicultural population is essential and requires formal cultural humility training for residents. We sought to understand the current prevalence and need for this type of training within neurology programs and to pilot an integrated curriculum locally. NEEDS ASSESSMENT: We surveyed via email all program directors of academic neurology programs nationally regarding the prevalence of and need for formal cultural responsiveness training...
December 12, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227389/learning-cultural-humility-through-stories-and-global-service-learning
#12
Stephanie Matthew, Eloise Hockett, Linda Samek
Service-learning experiences are utilized by nursing programs to increase cultural learning for students. Through storytelling, the concept of cultural humility can be explained to students preparing for upcoming intercultural experiences. This case study describes the experience of nursing students and educators on their first service-learning trip to Kenya, and how intercultural issues were navigated as students developed cultural humility. The story now is shared in preparation for subsequent international student nursing trips...
January 2018: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200729/rapid-quantitative-analysis-of-naringenin-in-the-fruit-bodies-of-inonotus-vaninii-by-two-phase-acid-hydrolysis-followed-by-reversed-phase-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-ultra-violet
#13
Xia Guohua, Ruirong Pan, Rui Bao, Yanru Ge, Cunshan Zhou, Yuping Shen
Introduction: Sanghuang is one of mystical traditional Chinese medicines recorded earliest 2000 years ago, that included various fungi of Inonotus genus and was well-known for antitumor effect in modern medicine. Inonotus vaninii is grown in natural forest of Northeastern China merely and used as Sanghuang commercially, but it has no quality control specification until now. This study was to establish a rapid method of two-phase acid hydrolysis followed by reversed phase-high performance liquid chromatography-ultra violet (RP-HPLC-UV) to quantify naringenin in the fruit body of I...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198766/the-adolescent-champion-model-primary-care-becomes-adolescent-centered-via-targeted-quality-improvement
#14
Margaret Riley, Vani Patterson, Jennifer C Lane, Katharine McDonald Won, Lauren Ranalli
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of implementing the Adolescent Champion model, a novel quality improvement program targeted at helping primary care sites become more adolescent-centered. STUDY DESIGN: Nine primary care sites from pediatrics, family medicine, and medicine-pediatrics implemented the Adolescent Champion model. Each site identified a multidisciplinary champion team to undergo training on adolescent-centered care, deliver prepackaged trainings to other staff and providers, make youth-friendly site changes, implement a standardized flow to confidentially screen for risky behaviors, and complete a quality improvement project regarding confidentiality practices...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195654/hubris-to-humility-tonal-volume-and-the-fundamentality-of-psychophysical-quantities
#15
Alistair M C Isaac
Psychophysics measures the attributes of perceptual experience. The question of whether some of these attributes should be interpreted as more fundamental, or "real," than others has been answered differently throughout its history. The operationism of Stevens and Boring answers "no," reacting to the perceived vacuity of earlier debates about fundamentality. The subsequent rise of multidimensional scaling (MDS) implicitly answers "yes" in its insistence that psychophysical data be represented in spaces of low dimensionality...
October 2017: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192107/practising-humility-how-philosophy-can-inform-general-practice
#16
Chris Murphy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161305/impact-of-austropuccinia-psidii-myrtle-rust-on-myrtaceae-rich-wet-sclerophyll-forests-in-south-east-queensland
#17
Geoff Pegg, Tamara Taylor, Peter Entwistle, Gordon Guymer, Fiona Giblin, Angus Carnegie
In April 2010, Austropuccinia psidii (formerly Puccinia psidii) was detected for the first time in Australia on the central coast of New South Wales. The fungus spread rapidly along the east coast and can now be found infecting vegetation in a range of native forest ecosystems with disease impacts ranging from minor leaf spots to severe shoot and stem blight and tree dieback. Localised extinction of some plant species has been recorded. In 2014, the impact of A. psidii was observed for the first time in a wet sclerophyll site with a rainforest understory, dominated by species of Myrtaceae, in Tallebudgera Valley, south east Queensland, Australia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161208/power-that-builds-others-and-power-that-breaks-effects-of-power-and-humility-on-altruism-and-incivility-in-female-employees
#18
David J Yoon, Steven M Farmer
Building on the approach/inhibition theory of power and the situated focus theory of power, we examine the roles of positional and personal power on altruism and incivility in workplace dyads. Results from a field study in daycare centers showed that legitimate power (a dimension of positional power) was positively associated with incivility. In contrast, personal power-referent power and expert power-was positively associated altruism and was negatively associated with incivility. Referent power was a stronger predictor of both altruism and incivility for individuals with low humility than those with high humility...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157511/subtypes-of-homicide-offenders-based-on-psychopathic-traits
#19
Marija Pajevic, Borjanka Batinic, Nikola Stevanovic
The aim of the present study was to explore the subtypes of offenders based on psychopathic traits in a sample of 127 adult homicide offenders (n=40.3% convicted of murder, n=32.6% convicted of aggravated murder, n=27.1% convicted of attempted murder). A two-step cluster analysis of the four factors of psychopathy yielded three clusters, which were then compared on the general dimensions of personality defined by the HEXACO model, intelligence, sadism and psychopathology variables conceptualized by the MMPI-202...
November 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122039/is-humility-a-sentiment
#20
Aaron C Weidman, Jessica L Tracy
Gervais & Fessler reintroduce the concept of a sentiment as a framework for conceptualizing contempt, a construct with both attitudinal and emotional components. We propose that humility might also fit this mold. We review recent findings regarding the antecedents, phenomenology, and functional consequences of humility, and discuss why conceptualizing it as a sentiment may advance our understanding of this construct.
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
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