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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787508/impact-of-a-required-service-learning-curriculum-on-preclinical-students
#1
Christopher P Forest, Désirée A Lie
PURPOSE: The impact of brief service-learning curricula on physician assistant (PA) students is not well reported. This study explores student learning immediately and then one to 2 years after a preclinical service-learning experience through written reflections and a survey. METHODS: The 16-hour curriculum within a behavioral science course involved community immersion and engagement with underserved clients. Reflections written by students from 3 consecutive classes were coded for major themes, and theme frequency was assessed...
June 2018: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781636/exploring-the-affective-impact-boundary-conditions-and-antecedents-of-leader-humility
#2
Lin Wang, Bradley P Owens, Junchao Jason Li, Lihua Shi
In this article, the authors further develop the theory of leader humility by exploring the affective impact, a vital boundary condition, and the antecedents of leader humility. Specifically, they (a) theorize how leader humility can enhance followers' performance by increasing their relational energy and decreasing their emotional exhaustion, (b) test perceived leader power in the organization as an important boundary condition of leader humility effectiveness, and (c) establish leader's incremental theory of the self (i...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743230/proactive-strategies-to-address-health-equity-and-disparities-recommendations-from-a-bi-national-symposium
#3
Jeannie Haggerty, Marshall H Chin, Alan Katz, Kue Young, Jonathan Foley, Antoine Groulx, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable, Jeff Turnbull, Jennifer E DeVoe, Uche Uchendo
INTRODUCTION: Health inequities persist in Canada and the United States. Both countries show differential health status and health care quality by social characteristics, making zip or postal code a greater predictor of health than genetics. Many social determinants of health overlap in the same individuals or communities, exacerbating their vulnerability. Many of the contributing factors and problems are structural and evade simple solutions. METHODS: In March 2017 a binational Canada-US symposium was held in Washington DC involving 150 primary care thought leaders, including clinicians, researchers, patients, and policy makers to address transformation in integrated primary care...
May 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741210/language-barriers-and-epistemic-injustice-in-healthcare-settings
#4
Yael Peled
Contemporary realities of global population movement increasingly bring to the fore the challenge of quality and equitable health provision across language barriers. While this linguistic challenge is not unique to immigration contexts and is likewise shared by health systems responding to the needs of aboriginal peoples and other historical linguistic minorities, the expanding multilingual landscape of receiving societies renders this challenge even more critical, owing to limited or even non-existing familiarity of modern and often monolingual health systems with the particular needs of new linguistic minorities...
May 9, 2018: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720956/leaders-expressed-humility-and-followers-feedback-seeking-the-mediating-effects-of-perceived-image-cost-and-moderating-effects-of-power-distance-orientation
#5
Jing Qian, Xiaoyan Li, Baihe Song, Bin Wang, Menghan Wang, Shumeng Chang, Yujiao Xiong
We developed and tested a model to identify the role of leaders' expressed humility on employees' feedback-seeking processes. The data used in our study was from a sample of 248 employees and 57 of their immediate supervisors. The results revealed that: (1) leader's expressed humility positively related to employees' feedback seeking mediated by employees' perceived image cost; and (2) power distance orientation moderated the relationship between leader's expressed humility and employees' perceived image costs, such that the relationship was stronger when the power distance orientation was lower rather than higher...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713908/when-to-trust-our-learners-clinical-teachers-perceptions-of-decision-variables-in-the-entrustment-process
#6
Chantal C M A Duijn, Lisanne S Welink, Harold G J Bok, Olle T J Ten Cate
INTRODUCTION: Clinical training programs increasingly use entrustable professional activities (EPAs) as focus of assessment. However, questions remain about which information should ground decisions to trust learners. This qualitative study aimed to identify decision variables in the workplace that clinical teachers find relevant in the elaboration of the entrustment decision processes. The findings can substantiate entrustment decision-making in the clinical workplace. METHODS: Focus groups were conducted with medical and veterinary clinical teachers, using the structured consensus method of the Nominal Group Technique to generate decision variables...
April 30, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702333/an-exploratory-study-of-long-haul-truck-drivers-secondary-tasks-and-reasons-for-performing-them
#7
Tobias Iseland, Emma Johansson, Siri Skoog, Anna M Dåderman
Research on drivers has shown how certain visual-manual secondary tasks, unrelated to driving, increase the risk of being involved in crashes. The purpose of the study was to investigate (1) if long-haul truck drivers in Sweden engage in secondary tasks while driving, what tasks are performed and how frequently, (2) the drivers' self-perceived reason/s for performing them, and (3) if psychological factors might reveal reasons for their engaging in secondary tasks. The study comprised 13 long-haul truck drivers and was conducted through observations, interviews, and questionnaires...
April 24, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699463/humility-a-concept-in-cultural-sensitivity
#8
Norma G Cuellar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689329/sesquiterpenes-and-diterpenes-with-cytotoxic-activities-from-the-aerial-parts-of-carpesium-humile
#9
Dong-Dong Xu, Yuan Yan, Chun-Xiao Jiang, Jing-Jing Liang, Hong-Fang Li, Quan-Xiang Wu, Ying Zhu
Carpesium humile Winkl is an endemic Chinese species and no previous phytochemical studies have been reported for this species. Two new germacranolides (1 and 2) and a new phytane diterpene (5), together with five known compounds (two sesquiterpenoids and three diterpenoids), were isolated from the aerial part of C. humile. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis. The conformations and absolute configurations of 1 and 2 were established by combinative analysis of NMR, CD exciton chirality, and X-ray crystallography data...
April 21, 2018: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681004/religious-and-spiritual-salience-well-being-and-psychosocial-functioning-among-psychotherapy-clients-moderator-effects-for-humility
#10
David R Paine, Steven J Sandage, Elizabeth G Ruffing, Peter C Hill
A number of studies have examined the mediating factors in the relationship between religion and spirituality (R/S) and psychological health. Humility is a virtue that has been positively correlated with R/S variables, measures of well-being, and indicators of psychosocial functioning. In this study, we investigate dispositional humility as a potential moderator in the relationship between religious and spiritual salience and (1) well-being and (2) psychosocial functioning outcomes in a clinical sample. Results indicated that dispositional humility significantly moderated the relationships tested...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680413/freedom-with-responsibility-a-consensus-strategy-for-preventing-injury-death-and-disability-from-firearm-violence
#11
Ronald M Stewart, Deborah A Kuhls, Michael F Rotondo, Eileen M Bulger
Reducing violence-related, intentional injury (including intentional firearm-related injury) requires a multifaceted, integrated public health approach. This requires engagement, responsibility and partnership across disciplines, geographic regions, and philosophic differences. A commitment to the values of civility, professionalism, humility and mutual respect are required.
April 18, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650201/spirituality-in-adolescents-with-cancer
#12
Sembiring Lina Mahayati, Allenidekania, Hayati Happy
OBJECTIVE: As adolescents with cancer are at risk of experiencing spiritual distress, they tend to have unique spiritual needs. Spirituality plays a significant role for adolescents with cancer as it contributes to increased comfort and calmness, and better coping mechanisms when confronted with the illness, which indirectly improves the adolescent's quality of life. This study aimed to explore spiritual experiences in adolescents with cancer. METHOD: A qualitative study using a phenomenology approach was conducted...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648894/controlling-for-response-bias-in-self-ratings-of-personality-a-comparison-of-impression-management-scales-and-the-overclaiming-technique
#13
Sascha Müller, Morten Moshagen
Self-serving response distortions pose a threat to the validity of personality scales. A common approach to deal with this issue is to rely on impression management (IM) scales. More recently, the overclaiming technique (OCT) has been proposed as an alternative and arguably superior measure of such biases. In this study (N = 162), we tested these approaches in the context of self- and other-ratings using the HEXACO personality inventory. To the extent that the OCT and IM scales can be considered valid measures of response distortions, they are expected to account for inflated self-ratings in particular for those personality dimensions that are prone to socially desirable responding...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629811/transgender-patients-what-radiologists-need-to-know
#14
John S Sowinski, Richard B Gunderman
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this article are to examine a few of the barriers the transgender population faces in achieving equitable health care, to suggest ways radiologists and radiology staff can help to address these obstacles and provide high-quality care to transgender patients, and to discuss a number of evidence-based guidelines regarding appropriate imaging and screening tests for the transgender population. CONCLUSION: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals face numerous health care disparities, including stigmatization and discrimination in health care environments...
April 9, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618533/truth-as-humility-nourishing-compassion-through-wisdom
#15
John L Young
Among the strengths of forensic psychiatry as a profession is its ability to support lively discussion of critical questions, such as how to characterize its own essence and whether it belongs to the practice of medicine. The American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law is fortunate that Michael Norko has taken the occasion of his presidential address to describe in depth the results of the advanced stage of his probing on a truly spiritual level the fundamental place of compassion in the practice of forensic psychiatry...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578910/multisource-evaluation-of-surgeon-behavior-is-associated-with-malpractice-claims
#16
Janaka Lagoo, William R Berry, Kate Miller, Brandon J Neal, Luke Sato, Keith D Lillemoe, Gerard M Doherty, James R Kasser, Elliot L Chaikof, Atul A Gawande, Alex B Haynes
OBJECTIVE: We merged direct, multisource, and systematic assessments of surgeon behavior with malpractice claims, to analyze the relationship between surgeon 360-degree reviews and malpractice history. BACKGROUND: Previous work suggests that malpractice claims are associated with a poor physician-patient relationship, which is likely related to behaviors captured by 360-degree review. We hypothesize that 360-degree review results are associated with malpractice claims...
March 23, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570923/cultural-factors-influencing-japanese-nurses-assertive-communication-part-2-hierarchy-and-power
#17
Mieko Omura, Teresa E Stone, Tracy Levett-Jones
Hierarchy and power characterize health-care relationships around the world, constituting a barrier to assertive communication and a risk to patient safety. This issue is more problematic and complex in countries such as Japan, where deep-seated cultural values related to hierarchy and power persist. The current paper is the second of two that present the findings from a study exploring Japanese nurses' views and experiences of how cultural values impact assertive communication for health-care professionals...
March 23, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568494/hubris-and-sciences
#18
Eleftherios P Diamandis, Nick Bouras
There has been an increasing awareness of the importance of leadership and decision making, including scientists and academics, over recent times. By whom and how decisions are made can have serious implications across all levels of society. Several people have been successful in their life and have been inflicted by excessive pride and self-confidence. There are times when the manifestations of such behaviours demonstrate noticeable signs of narcissism and on extreme cases, hubris. Hubris is an old concept originated from the Greek mythology...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565626/the-multicultural-orientation-framework-a-narrative-review
#19
Don E Davis, Cirleen DeBlaere, Jesse Owen, Joshua N Hook, David P Rivera, Elise Choe, D R Van Tongeren, Everett L Worthington, Vanessa Placeres
After several decades of slow progress, researchers are beginning to make advances in linking constructs based on the multicultural competencies tradition-especially those focused on qualities of the therapist-to therapy outcomes. The multicultural orientation framework was developed in response to several trends within the multicultural competencies tradition, with a particular emphasis on integrating the multicultural competencies tradition into research on psychotherapy process. We provide a narrative review of studies that include one of the three constructs (i...
March 2018: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565620/extending-the-multicultural-orientation-mco-framework-to-group-psychotherapy-a-clinical-illustration
#20
D Martin Kivlighan, Norah A Chapman
Multicultural group work has received growing attention over the past two decades; however, there is a lack of conceptual frameworks to guide therapists' cultural processes within group therapy at present. As such, we extend the multicultural orientation (MCO) to group therapy in an effort to provide a conceptual framework for group therapists to effectively engage multicultural group work. The MCO framework was developed in an effort to operationalize therapists' cultural processes of cultural humility, cultural comfort, and cultural opportunity...
March 2018: Psychotherapy
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