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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915463/the-our-hope-approach-for-ethics-and-communication-about-neonatal-neurological-injury
#1
REVIEW
Eric Racine, Emily Bell, Barbara Farlow, Steven Miller, Antoine Payot, Lisa Anne Rasmussen, Michael I Shevell, Donna Thomson, Pia Wintermark
Predicting neurological outcomes of neonates with acute brain injury is an essential component of shared decision-making, in order to guide the development of treatment goals and appropriate care plans. It can aid parents in imagining the child's future, and guide timely and ongoing treatment decisions, including shifting treatment goals and focusing on comfort care. However, numerous challenges have been reported with respect to evidence-based practices for prognostication such as biases about prognosis among clinicians...
December 4, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895609/to-fake-or-not-to-fake-antecedents-to-interview-faking-warning-instructions-and-its-impact-on-applicant-reactions
#2
Stephanie J Law, Joshua Bourdage, Thomas A O'Neill
In the present study, we examined the antecedents and processes that impact job interviewees' decisions to engage in deceptive impression management (i.e., interview faking). Willingness and capacity to engage in faking were found to be the processes underlying the decision to use deceptive impression management in the interview. We also examined a personality antecedent to this behavior, Honesty-Humility, which was negatively related to the use of deceptive impression management through increased willingness to engage in these behaviors...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876106/hubris-and-humility-effect-and-the-domain-masculine-intelligence-type-in-two-countries-colombia-and-the-uk
#3
Josephine Storek, Adrian Furnham
Spanish-speaking Colombian (n = 50) and English-speaking British (N = 52) adults completed a self-assessed intelligence measure that yielded a score on domain-masculine intelligence (DMIQ), a composite of mathematical/logical and spatial intelligences. They also completed a Sex Role inventory in order to establish their masculinity and femininity. Males in both countries gave significantly higher self-estimates (Colombia: Males 110.36, Females 100.75, d = .94; England: Males 114.37, Females 105.75, d = .86; both p < ...
November 23, 2016: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849366/predicting-smartphone-operating-system-from-personality-and-individual-differences
#4
Heather Shaw, David A Ellis, Libby-Rae Kendrick, Fenja Ziegler, Richard Wiseman
Android and iPhone devices account for over 90 percent of all smartphones sold worldwide. Despite being very similar in functionality, current discourse and marketing campaigns suggest that key individual differences exist between users of these two devices; however, this has never been investigated empirically. This is surprising, as smartphones continue to gain momentum across a variety of research disciplines. In this article, we consider if individual differences exist between these two distinct groups...
December 2016: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831700/normative-personality-trait-development-in-adulthood-a-6-year-cohort-sequential-growth-model
#5
Petar Milojev, Chris G Sibley
The present study investigated patterns of normative change in personality traits across the adult life span (19 through 74 years of age). We examined change in extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, openness to experience and honesty-humility using data from the first 6 annual waves of the New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study (N = 10,416; 61.1% female, average age = 49.46). We present a cohort-sequential latent growth model assessing patterns of mean-level change due to both aging and cohort effects...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818848/an-examination-of-cultural-competence-training-in-us-medical-education-guided-by-the-tool-for-assessing-cultural-competence-training
#6
Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan, Jordan B Hearod, Kim Tran, Keith C Norris, Dedra Buchwald
In the United States, medical students must demonstrate a standard level of "cultural competence," upon graduation. Cultural competence is most often defined as a set of congruent behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, organization, or among professionals that enables effective work in cross-cultural situations. The Association of American Medical Colleges developed the Tool for Assessing Cultural Competence Training (TACCT) to assist schools in developing and evaluating cultural competence curricula to meet these requirements...
2016: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812847/needs-priorities-and-recommendations-for-engaging-underrepresented-populations-in-clinical-research-a-community-perspective
#7
Jennifer Cunningham Erves, Tilicia L Mayo-Gamble, Alecia Malin-Fair, Alaina Boyer, Yvonne Joosten, Yolanda C Vaughn, Lisa Sherden, Patrick Luther, Stephania Miller, Consuelo H Wilkins
Engaging underrepresented groups in outcomes research is a public health priority for reducing health and health care disparities; yet, engaging these groups is challenging. Failure to involve these underrepresented populations in research further exacerbates these disparities. This article presents the health and research priorities of diverse groups of underrepresented populations in biomedical research, their concerns for participating in research, and strategies to engage them in their healthcare and research studies...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806228/lessons-in-uncertainty-and-humility-clinical-trials-involving-hypertension
#8
Marc A Pfeffer, John J V McMurray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752981/cultural-humility-and-hospital-safety-culture
#9
Joshua N Hook, David Boan, Don E Davis, Jamie D Aten, John M Ruiz, Thomas Maryon
Hospital safety culture is an integral part of providing high quality care for patients, as well as promoting a safe and healthy environment for healthcare workers. In this article, we explore the extent to which cultural humility, which involves openness to cultural diverse individuals and groups, is related to hospital safety culture. A sample of 2011 hospital employees from four hospitals completed measures of organizational cultural humility and hospital safety culture. Higher perceptions of organizational cultural humility were associated with higher levels of general perceptions of hospital safety, as well as more positive ratings on non-punitive response to error (i...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721491/using-spatially-explicit-surveillance-models-to-provide-confidence-in-the-eradication-of-an-invasive-ant
#10
Darren F Ward, Dean P Anderson, Mandy C Barron
Effective detection plays an important role in the surveillance and management of invasive species. Invasive ants are very difficult to eradicate and are prone to imperfect detection because of their small size and cryptic nature. Here we demonstrate the use of spatially explicit surveillance models to estimate the probability that Argentine ants (Linepithema humile) have been eradicated from an offshore island site, given their absence across four surveys and three surveillance methods, conducted since ant control was applied...
October 10, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720264/aats-2016-ethics-forum-working-virtues-in-surgical-practice
#11
Larry R Churchill
Moral virtues are the complement to ethical principles. They constitute the elements of character that drive habits and daily routines. Certain virtues are especially important in surgery, shaping surgical practice even when no big decisions are at hand. Eight virtues are described and the work they do is explored: trustworthiness, equanimity, empathy, advocacy, compassion, courage, humility, and hope.
September 17, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693154/tracking-the-route-of-phenanthrene-uptake-in-mosses-an-experimental-trial
#12
V Spagnuolo, F Figlioli, F De Nicola, F Capozzi, S Giordano
In recent decades, mosses have been used as native species or as transplants in monitoring a wide range of pollutants from inorganic (i.e. metals and metalloids) to organic contaminants (mainly polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons-PAHs). To implement the use of mosses as biomonitors of PAHs, one important issue is the study of the interactions between these compounds and moss tissues. In this study we investigated the mode of phenanthrene uptake in four moss species (Amblystegium humile, Plagiomnium affine, Hypnum cupressiforme and a clone of Sphagnum palustre) and its movements from air to plant surface and within the biomonitors, using fluorescent and confocal microscopy...
September 29, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27691784/personal-value-preferences-group-identifications-and-cultural-practices-of-palestinian-israelis-working-in-close-contact-with-jewish-israelis
#13
Eugene Tartakovsky, Ayat Abu Kheit
The present study investigates the connection between personal value preferences, group identifications, and cultural practices among Palestinian Israelis working in close contact with the Jewish population in Israel. One hundred twenty-two Palestinian Israelis participated in the study. The participants were employed in different professional positions in the Tel Aviv Metropolitan area, and were recruited to the study using the snowball technique. A stronger national identification was associated with a higher preference for the security and conformity values, and a lower preference for the humility values...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687959/effect-of-irradiation-on-queen-survivorship-and-reproduction-in-the-invasive-fire-ant-solenopsis-invicta-hymenoptera-formicidae-and-a-proposed-phytosanitary-irradiation-treatment-for-ants
#14
Peter A Follett, Sol Porcel, Luis A Calcaterra
We studied radiation tolerance in queens of the red imported fire ant Solenopsis invicta Buren (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) to identify a dose that prevents reproduction. Virgin or fertile queens were collected from Santa Fe and Formosa provinces in Argentina and reared in the laboratory in microcolonies. Virgin queens were irradiated at 0 (control), 70, 90, 120, or 150 Gy, and fertile queens were irradiated at 0, 60, 125, and 190 Gy, and then followed for 11 wk in the microcolonies to evaluate survival and reproduction...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682451/science-outside-the-lab-helping-graduate-students-in-science-and-engineering-understand-the-complexities-of-science-policy
#15
Michael J Bernstein, Kiera Reifschneider, Ira Bennett, Jameson M Wetmore
Helping scientists and engineers challenge received assumptions about how science, engineering, and society relate is a critical cornerstone for macroethics education. Scientific and engineering research are frequently framed as first steps of a value-free linear model that inexorably leads to societal benefit. Social studies of science and assessments of scientific and engineering research speak to the need for a more critical approach to the noble intentions underlying these assumptions. "Science Outside the Lab" is a program designed to help early-career scientists and engineers understand the complexities of science and engineering policy...
September 28, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650023/-the-humble-physician
#16
P C Barnhoorn
A good physician is a humble physician. Humility can be defined as the middle ground between meekness and vanity, or the insight that what we know and what we are capable of is incomplete. This insight is needed to develop a realistic self-image and to prevent unprofessional behaviour among doctors.
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618409/initiating-and-utilizing-shared-leadership-in-teams-the-role-of-leader-humility-team-proactive-personality-and-team-performance-capability
#17
Chia-Yen Chad Chiu, Bradley P Owens, Paul E Tesluk
The present study was designed to produce novel theoretical insight regarding how leader humility and team member characteristics foster the conditions that promote shared leadership and when shared leadership relates to team effectiveness. Drawing on social information processing theory and adaptive leadership theory, we propose that leader humility facilitates shared leadership by promoting leadership-claiming and leadership-granting interactions among team members. We also apply dominance complementary theory to propose that team proactive personality strengthens the impact of leader humility on shared leadership...
December 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611794/adelina-anthony-interview-with-aimee-carrillo-rowe
#18
Adelina Anthony, Aimee Carrillo Rowe
This interview explores how performing artist, activist, writer, director, performer Adelina Anthony stages queer women of color affects as a complex terrain to mobilize a decolonial imaginary. Anthony's characters are complex, contradictory, surly, and resilient with whom audience members connect and feel deeply. Especially for queer women of color, who rarely get to see their own experiences on film or on stage, Anthony's work provides a critical forum for discussing, imagining, naming, and envisioning the connections between our personal struggles and broader forces of imperialism, heterosexual capitalism, and settler colonialism...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609074/-unavoidable-satisfactions-the-analyst-s-pleasure
#19
Michael Shulman
Analysts have often described their work as depriving, painful, and hard to endure, while its pleasures have been the subject of little commentary. The real history and ongoing temptations of boundary violation long ago made the gratifications of psychoanalytic work a matter of anxiety. Analysts' pleasure in their work was problematized. Some of this problematizing is necessary because of real risk, but much of it is not only unnecessary but misleading and destructive. Psychoanalysts pursue achievement of a unique form of human intimacy, yet acquired habits of professional modesty and humility have encouraged the illusion that analyzing can occur without desire or ambition on the analyst's part...
August 2016: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589818/wisdom-and-humility
#20
Valerie Tiberius
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
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