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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122039/is-humility-a-sentiment
#1
Aaron C Weidman, Jessica L Tracy
Gervais & Fessler reintroduce the concept of a sentiment as a framework for conceptualizing contempt, a construct with both attitudinal and emotional components. We propose that humility might also fit this mold. We review recent findings regarding the antecedents, phenomenology, and functional consequences of humility, and discuss why conceptualizing it as a sentiment may advance our understanding of this construct.
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120037/independent-recruitment-of-a-novel-seed-dispersal-system-by-camel-crickets-in-achlorophyllous-plants
#2
Kenji Suetsugu
The seeds of most heterotrophic plants, commonly referred to as dust seeds, are typically dispersed in the air like dust particles. Therefore, little attention has been paid to how seeds of heterotrophic plants are dispersed, owing to the notion that wind dispersal is the dominant strategy. However, inconspicuous but fleshy, indehiscent fruit can be observed in distantly related plants that have independently evolved full heterotrophy. Here I investigated the seed dispersal system in three unrelated fully heterotrophic plants with fleshy, indehiscent fruits (Yoania amagiensis, Monotropastrum humile and Phacellanthus tubiflorus) by direct observation, a differential exclusion experiment of fruit feeders and investigation on seed viability through the digestive tract...
November 9, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117784/lucky-competent-or-a-just-a-cheat-interactive-effects-of-honesty-humility-and-moral-cues-on-cheating-behavior
#3
Emmanuelle P Kleinlogel, Joerg Dietz, John Antonakis
Despite substantial research on cheating, how and when individual predispositions figure into cheating behavior remains unclear. In Study 1, we investigated to what extent Honesty-Humility predicted cheating behavior. As expected, individuals high on Honesty-Humility were less likely to cheat than were individuals low on this trait. In Study 2, integrating arguments from personality research about traits with arguments from behavioral ethics about moral primes, we examined how Honesty-Humility and situational primes interacted to affect cheating...
November 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114346/enhanced-skills-in-global-health-and-health-equity-guidelines-for-curriculum-development
#4
Russell Dawe, Andrea Pike, Monica Kidd, Praseedha Janakiram, Eileen Nicolle, Jill Allison
Introduction: Global health addresses health inequities in the care of underserved populations, both domestic and international. Given that health systems with a strong primary care foundation are the most equitable, effective and efficient, family medicine is uniquely positioned to engage in global health. However, there are no nationally recognized standards in Canada for postgraduate family medicine training in global health. Objective: To generate consensus on the essential components of a Global Health/Health Equity Enhanced Skills Program in family medicine...
April 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094959/leader-humility-and-team-creativity-the-role-of-team-information-sharing-psychological-safety-and-power-distance
#5
Jia Hu, Berrin Erdogan, Kaifeng Jiang, Talya N Bauer, Songbo Liu
In this study, we identify leader humility, characterized by being open to admitting one's limitations, shortcomings, and mistakes, and showing appreciation and giving credit to followers, as a critical leader characteristic relevant for team creativity. Integrating the literatures on creativity and leadership, we explore the relationship between leader humility and team creativity, treating team psychological safety and team information sharing as mediators. Further, we hypothesize and examine team power distance as a moderator of the relationship...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094759/taxonomy-and-structure-of-the-romanian-personality-lexicon
#6
Vlad Burtăverde, Boele De Raad
We identified 1746 personality-relevant trait-adjectives in a Romanian dictionary, of which 412 were classified as descriptors of dispositions by 10 judges. Self-ratings were collected from 515 participants on those 412 adjectives, and the ratings were factored using principal components analysis. Solutions with different numbers of factors were analysed. The two- and three-factor solutions, respectively, confirmed the Big Two and Big Three of personality traits. A five-factor solution reflected the Big Five model with a fifth factor emphasising Rebelliousness versus Conventionality...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073326/humility-forgiveness-and-emerging-adult-female-romantic-relationships
#7
Chance A Bell, Frank D Fincham
Among a sample of emerging adult females (N = 152) we empirically examined the role of humility and forgiveness in romantic relationships. We specifically tested a model linking perceived humility to relationship satisfaction with self-forgiveness and partner-forgiveness. Participants in a romantic relationship completed measures of self-reported humility, self-forgiveness, partner-forgiveness, and relationship satisfaction. Serial mediation analyses were conducted using path analysis to test the following sequence, humility self-forgiveness partner-forgiveness relationship satisfaction...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065813/enter-as-an-outsider-teaching-organizational-humility
#8
John F Clabby
The concept of cultural humility acknowledges the enormous task of becoming culturally competent by encouraging curiosity about the context within which others live. For physicians, this includes curiosity about the organizations in which they work as Outsiders in settings such as a new hospital or patients' homes. However, efforts to train healthcare professionals in cultural competence are often de-emphasized due to the pressure learners feel to acquire Medical Knowledge and clinical skills. Little time is devoted to address the significance of cultural humility for fully appreciating the experiences of others...
May 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064860/global-voyeurism-or-sustainable-ethical-practice
#9
Cris Finn, Mary Jo Coast
This is a conceptual article exploring global voyeurism and service, overlaying ethical considerations in service within the profession of forensic nursing. Key elements considered include examining and reflecting on personal motivations, benefits, and consequences of service when viewed through an ethical perspective. Through this article we seek to examine the relationships between poverty tourism and service, while better supporting individual forensic nurses in their quest to align their actions with the ethical and practice comportment standards within the profession of nursing service globally...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056753/post-normal-institutional-identities-quality-assurance-reflexivity-and-ethos-of-care
#10
Ângela Guimarães Pereira, Andrea Saltelli
This paper suggests adopting a 'post-normal science' (PNS) style and practice in scientific advice, and motivate the urgency of this methodological stance with the increasing complexity, and polarisation affecting the use of science-based evidence for policy. We reflect on challenges and opportunities faced by a 'boundary organisation' that interfaces between science and policy, taking as example the European Commission's Directorate General Joint Research Centre, whose mission is stated as that to be the "in-house science service"...
August 2017: Futures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051330/cross-cultural-differences-in-communication-about-a-dying-child
#11
Donald Cochran, Sarosh Saleem, Sumaira Khowaja-Punjwani, John D Lantos
There are more migrants, refugees, and immigrants adrift in the world today than at any time in the recent past. Doctors and hospitals must care for people from many different cultures, countries, and religious backgrounds. We sometimes find our own deeply held beliefs and values challenged. In this "Ethics Rounds," we present a case in which a Pakistani immigrant family faces a tragic medical situation and wants to deal with it in ways that might be normative in their own culture but are aberrant in ours. We asked the American doctors and 2 Pakistani health professionals to think through the issues...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028465/cultivating-humility-and-diagnostic-openness-in-clinical-judgment
#12
John R Stone
In this case, a physician rejects a patient's concerns that tainted water is harming the patient and her community. Stereotypes and biases regarding socioeconomic class and race/ethnicity, constraining diagnostic frameworks, and fixed first impressions could skew the physician's judgment. This paper narratively illustrates how cultivating humility could help the physician truly hear the patient's suggestions. The discussion builds on the multifaceted concept of cultural humility as a lifelong journey that addresses not only stereotypes and biases but also power inequalities and community inequities...
October 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980831/the-hexaco-personality-inventory-validation-and-psychometric-properties-in-the-serbian-language
#13
Janko Međedović, Petar Čolović, Bojana M Dinić, Snežana Smederevac
The aim of this research is to validate the HEXACO model of personality in the Serbian language through psychometric validation of the 100-item version of the HEXACO-PI-R. The research was conducted on 2 independent samples, the first comprising 1,217 participants from a community sample (55.5% females; average age = 31.77 years), and the second 345 undergraduate students (65% females; average age = 21 years). Besides the HEXACO-PI-R, 2 questionnaires were applied for the purposes of convergent validation: the Big Five Plus Two (BF+2), measuring 7 lexical personality dimensions (applied in Sample 1), and the Big Five Inventory (BFI; applied in Sample 2)...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973757/structure-and-genetic-diversity-of-anacardium-humile-anacardiaceae-a-tropical-shrub
#14
L G Cota, P A Moreira, M M Brandão, V A Royo, A F Melo Junior, E V Menezes, D A Oliveira
Anacardium humile Saint Hilaire is a tropical shrub native to the Cerrado biome. It is a fruiting species with biological, medicinal, and socioeconomic significance. Thus, knowing how the genetic variability of natural populations is organized allows for the establishment of strategies for conservation and the sustainable use of the species and its biome. Six microsatellite loci previously developed from Anacardium occidentale were used to investigate the spatial genetic structure and genetic diversity of eight natural A...
September 27, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972825/the-wisdom-in-virtue-pursuit-of-virtue-predicts-wise-reasoning-about-personal-conflicts
#15
Alex C Huynh, Harrison Oakes, Garrett R Shay, Ian McGregor
Most people can reason relatively wisely about others' social conflicts, but often struggle to do so about their own (i.e., Solomon's paradox). We suggest that true wisdom should involve the ability to reason wisely about both others' and one's own social conflicts, and we investigated the pursuit of virtue as a construct that predicts this broader capacity for wisdom. Results across two studies support prior findings regarding Solomon's paradox: Participants ( N = 623) more strongly endorsed wise-reasoning strategies (e...
September 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967726/how-to-define-the-therapeutic-limits
#16
Alberto Cester, Monica Maselli, Francesco Bolzetta
With the advance of technological progress and the increase in life expectancy, it is nowadays mandatory to define what is the therapeutic limit. Every day each physician must take therapeutic decisions on the basis of his scientific knowledge, but also of his own conscience and sense of limits. They can not avoid to consider the global risk of death, disability and morbidity in more advanced age, especially in the field of cardiology and cardiac surgery. In these subjects, both fit that frail, is necessary not only an evaluation for adequate risk assessment, but also a multidimensional assessment performed with advanced tools...
July 18, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937118/how-can-we-provide-person-centred-dental-care
#17
N Apelian, J N Vergnes, R Hovey, C Bedos
Patient- or person-centred care is the current paradigm in the health profession yet there is still no clear understanding of what it means or how it could be implemented in dentistry. Building on a previously proposed person-centred model in clinical dentistry, in this article a person-centred dental clinical approach is presented. The approach consists of three guiding principles - humility, hospitality and mindfulness - that influence the different processes of the dental clinical encounter: connecting, examining, sharing, and intervening...
September 22, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933874/wisdom-bias-and-balance-toward-a-process-sensitive-measurement-of-wisdom-related-cognition
#18
Justin P Brienza, Franki Y H Kung, Henri C Santos, D Ramona Bobocel, Igor Grossmann
Philosophers and behavioral scientists refer to wisdom as unbiased reasoning that guides one toward a balance of interests and promotes a good life. However, major instruments developed to test wisdom appear biased, and it is unclear whether they capture balance-related tendencies. We examined whether shifting from global, de-contextualized reports to state-level reports about concrete situations provides a less biased method to assess wise reasoning (e.g., intellectual humility, recognition of uncertainty and change, consideration of the broader context at hand and perspectives of others, integration of these perspectives or compromise), which may be aligned with the notion of balancing interests...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922467/intelligence-and-neurophysiological-markers-of-error-monitoring-relate-to-children-s-intellectual-humility
#19
Judith H Danovitch, Megan Fisher, Hans Schroder, David Z Hambrick, Jason Moser
This study explored developmental and individual differences in intellectual humility (IH) among 127 children ages 6-8. IH was operationalized as children's assessment of their knowledge and willingness to delegate scientific questions to experts. Children completed measures of IH, theory of mind, motivational framework, and intelligence, and neurophysiological measures indexing early (error-related negativity [ERN]) and later (error positivity [Pe]) error-monitoring processes related to cognitive control. Children's knowledge self-assessment correlated with question delegation, and older children showed greater IH than younger children...
September 18, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922000/humblebragging-a-distinct-and-ineffective-self-presentation-strategy
#20
Ovul Sezer, Francesca Gino, Michael I Norton
Self-presentation is a fundamental aspect of social life, with myriad critical outcomes dependent on others' impressions. We identify and offer the first empirical investigation of a prevalent, yet understudied, self-presentation strategy: humblebragging. Across 9 studies, including a week-long diary study and a field experiment, we identify humblebragging-bragging masked by a complaint or humility-as a common, conceptually distinct, and ineffective form of self-presentation. We first document the ubiquity of humblebragging across several domains, from everyday life to social media...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
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