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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937118/how-can-we-provide-person-centred-dental-care
#1
N Apelian, J N Vergnes, R Hovey, C Bedos
Patient- or person-centred care is the current paradigm in the health profession yet there is still no clear understanding of what it means or how it could be implemented in dentistry. Building on a previously proposed person-centred model in clinical dentistry, in this article a person-centred dental clinical approach is presented. The approach consists of three guiding principles - humility, hospitality and mindfulness - that influence the different processes of the dental clinical encounter: connecting, examining, sharing, and intervening...
September 22, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933874/wisdom-bias-and-balance-toward-a-process-sensitive-measurement-of-wisdom-related-cognition
#2
Justin P Brienza, Franki Y H Kung, Henri C Santos, D Ramona Bobocel, Igor Grossmann
Philosophers and behavioral scientists refer to wisdom as unbiased reasoning that guides one toward a balance of interests and promotes a good life. However, major instruments developed to test wisdom appear biased, and it is unclear whether they capture balance-related tendencies. We examined whether shifting from global, de-contextualized reports to state-level reports about concrete situations provides a less biased method to assess wise reasoning (e.g., intellectual humility, recognition of uncertainty and change, consideration of the broader context at hand and perspectives of others, integration of these perspectives or compromise), which may be aligned with the notion of balancing interests...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922467/intelligence-and-neurophysiological-markers-of-error-monitoring-relate-to-children-s-intellectual-humility
#3
Judith H Danovitch, Megan Fisher, Hans Schroder, David Z Hambrick, Jason Moser
This study explored developmental and individual differences in intellectual humility (IH) among 127 children ages 6-8. IH was operationalized as children's assessment of their knowledge and willingness to delegate scientific questions to experts. Children completed measures of IH, theory of mind, motivational framework, and intelligence, and neurophysiological measures indexing early (error-related negativity [ERN]) and later (error positivity [Pe]) error-monitoring processes related to cognitive control. Children's knowledge self-assessment correlated with question delegation, and older children showed greater IH than younger children...
September 18, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922000/humblebragging-a-distinct-and-ineffective-self-presentation-strategy
#4
Ovul Sezer, Francesca Gino, Michael I Norton
Self-presentation is a fundamental aspect of social life, with myriad critical outcomes dependent on others' impressions. We identify and offer the first empirical investigation of a prevalent, yet understudied, self-presentation strategy: humblebragging. Across 9 studies, including a week-long diary study and a field experiment, we identify humblebragging-bragging masked by a complaint or humility-as a common, conceptually distinct, and ineffective form of self-presentation. We first document the ubiquity of humblebragging across several domains, from everyday life to social media...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903672/cognitive-and-interpersonal-features-of-intellectual-humility
#5
Mark R Leary, Kate J Diebels, Erin K Davisson, Katrina P Jongman-Sereno, Jennifer C Isherwood, Kaitlin T Raimi, Samantha A Deffler, Rick H Hoyle
Four studies examined intellectual humility-the degree to which people recognize that their beliefs might be wrong. Using a new Intellectual Humility (IH) Scale, Study 1 showed that intellectual humility was associated with variables related to openness, curiosity, tolerance of ambiguity, and low dogmatism. Study 2 revealed that participants high in intellectual humility were less certain that their beliefs about religion were correct and judged people less on the basis of their religious opinions. In Study 3, participants high in intellectual humility were less inclined to think that politicians who changed their attitudes were "flip-flopping," and Study 4 showed that people high in intellectual humility were more attuned to the strength of persuasive arguments than those who were low...
June 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900581/medical-school-hotline-connecting-with-patients-through-humanism-and-humility
#6
Kamal Masaki, William Lt Fong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876446/use-of-simulation-to-integrate-cultural-humility-into-advanced-health-assessment-for-nurse-practitioner-students
#7
Abraham N Ndiwane, Nancy C Baker, Antonia Makosky, Patricia Reidy, Anthony J Guarino
BACKGROUND: Increasing cultural humility among nursing students requires the application of knowledge and skills. The integration of an Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) offered nurse practitioner students practice in simulation. METHOD: This learning activity included pre- and postassessments of knowledge regarding cultural issues and level of student satisfaction. Course content included an exemplar video and a simulation interview with an African American standardized patient...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872533/what-s-important-honesty-and-humility
#8
Brian Shaw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857578/awe-and-humility
#9
Jennifer E Stellar, Amie Gordon, Craig L Anderson, Paul K Piff, Galen D McNeil, Dacher Keltner
Humility is a foundational virtue that counters selfish inclinations such as entitlement, arrogance, and narcissism (Tangney, 2000). We hypothesize that experiences of awe promote greater humility. Guided by an appraisal-tendency framework of emotion, we propose that when individuals encounter an entity that is vast and challenges their worldview, they feel awe, which leads to self-diminishment and subsequently humility. In support of these claims, awe-prone individuals were rated as more humble by friends (Study 1) and reported greater humility across a 2-week period (Study 2), controlling for other positive emotions...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831573/native-predators-living-in-invaded-areas-responses-of-terrestrial-amphibian-species-to-an-argentine-ant-invasion
#10
Paloma Alvarez-Blanco, Stephane Caut, Xim Cerdá, Elena Angulo
Predator-prey interactions play a key role in the success and impacts of invasive species. However, the effects of invasive preys on native predators have been poorly studied. Here, we first reviewed hypotheses describing potential relationships between native predators and invasive preys. Second, we examined how an invasive prey, the Argentine ant (Linepithema humile), affected a native terrestrial amphibian community. In the field, we looked at the structure of the amphibian community in invaded versus uninvaded areas and characterized amphibian trophic ecology...
August 22, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826335/building-nursing-and-midwifery-capacity-through-rwanda-s-human-resources-for-health-program
#11
Glorieuse Uwizeye, Donatilla Mukamana, Michael Relf, William Rosa, Mi Ja Kim, Philomene Uwimana, Helen Ewing, Paul Munyiginya, Renee Pyburn, Nanyombi Lubimbi, Anita Collins, Isabelle Soulé, Kelly Burke, Josette Niyokindi, Patricia Moreland
Global disparities in the quantity, distribution, and skills of health workers worldwide pose a threat to attainment of the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030 and deepens already existing global health inequities. Rwanda and other low-resource countries face a critical shortage of health professionals, particularly nurses and midwives. This article describes the Human Resources for Health (HRH) Program in Rwanda, a collaboration between the Ministry of Health of Rwanda and a U.S. consortium of academic institutions...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813766/extenuating-circumstances-children-of-the-nations-a-capstone-in-humility-compassion-and-patient-care
#12
Elizabeth Hultgren, Elizabeth Helsper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813478/development-and-validation-of-a-multi-dimensional-measure-of-intellectual-humility
#13
Mark Alfano, Kathryn Iurino, Paul Stey, Brian Robinson, Markus Christen, Feng Yu, Daniel Lapsley
This paper presents five studies on the development and validation of a scale of intellectual humility. This scale captures cognitive, affective, behavioral, and motivational components of the construct that have been identified by various philosophers in their conceptual analyses of intellectual humility. We find that intellectual humility has four core dimensions: Open-mindedness (versus Arrogance), Intellectual Modesty (versus Vanity), Corrigibility (versus Fragility), and Engagement (versus Boredom). These dimensions display adequate self-informant agreement, and adequate convergent, divergent, and discriminant validity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746761/de-extinction-and-conservation
#14
Gregory E Kaebnick, Bruce Jennings
We are living in what is widely considered the sixth major extinction. Most ecologists believe that biodiversity is disappearing at an alarming rate, with up to 150 species going extinct per day according to scientists working with the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity. Part of the reason the loss signified by biological extinction feels painful is that it seems irremediable. These creatures are gone, and there's nothing to be done about it. In recent years, however, the possibility has been broached that, just possibly, something can be done, in at least some cases...
July 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727961/psychology-s-replication-crisis-and-the-grant-culture-righting-the-ship
#15
Scott O Lilienfeld
The past several years have been a time for soul searching in psychology, as we have gradually come to grips with the reality that some of our cherished findings are less robust than we had assumed. Nevertheless, the replication crisis highlights the operation of psychological science at its best, as it reflects our growing humility. At the same time, institutional variables, especially the growing emphasis on external funding as an expectation or de facto requirement for faculty tenure and promotion, pose largely unappreciated hazards for psychological science, including (a) incentives for engaging in questionable research practices, (b) a single-minded focus on programmatic research, (c) intellectual hyperspecialization, (d) disincentives for conducting direct replications, (e) stifling of creativity and intellectual risk taking, (f) researchers promising more than they can deliver, and (g) diminished time for thinking deeply...
July 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727690/demographic-and-psychological-correlates-of-satisfaction-with-healthcare-access-in-new-zealand
#16
Carol Hj Lee, Chris G Sibley
AIMS: To explore the distribution of New Zealanders' satisfaction with their healthcare access and identify various demographic and psychological factors associated with this satisfaction. METHODS: 15,822 participants responded to the 2014/15 New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study (NZAVS) survey. This survey included questions on participants' demographic and psychological characteristics, and an item asking for their level of satisfaction with "your access to healthcare when you need it"...
July 21, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713316/leader-humility-and-team-innovation-investigating-the-substituting-role-of-task-interdependence-and-the-mediating-role-of-team-voice-climate
#17
Wenxing Liu, Jianghua Mao, Xiao Chen
Leadership has been found to be linked with team innovation. Based on social information processing theory and substitutes for leadership theory, this paper examines the influence of leader humility on team innovation. Results from 90 teams showed that leader humility will enhance team innovation by fostering team voice climate. Further, task interdependence substitutes the effect of leader humility on team innovation through an indirect way via team voice climate. This study discussed the theoretical and practical implementations of these observations...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700776/the-linear-nail-streak-a-lesson-in-cultural-humility
#18
Neil S Prose
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675197/james-parkinson-s-chimera-syndrome-or-disease
#19
P A Kempster, B Hurwitz, A J Lees
It is 200 years since James Parkinson published An Essay on the Shaking Palsy. While his monograph continues to be acclaimed for its precedence and clarity of description, what is often overlooked is the originality of Parkinson's ideas. Here we show that he appreciated the weakness of the systematic 18th century nosologies, which presupposed that medical species, the building blocks of these Linnaean taxonomic schemes, were as distinct as plant and animal species; and that Parkinson made a conceptual leap about combinations of clinical phenomena in recurring patterns, now recognised to be one of the germs of neurological thinking about syndromes...
June 2017: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665298/a-change-in-editorship
#20
EDITORIAL
Gordon F Tomaselli
This edition of the Journal of Clinical Investigation marks the transition to a new editorial team from Johns Hopkins University. It is with great humility and excitement that we assume the mantle of the leading translational science journal in the world and the flagship of the American Society for Clinical Investigation.
June 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
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