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Xiao-Xiao Lian, Xiao-Xia Guo
To investigate the herbal prescription rules of Professor Jiang Liangduo in the treatment of abdominal mass based on the traditional Chinese medicine inheritance support system software (TCMISS) of version 2.5, find out new herbal formulas for the treatment of abdominal mass, and then provide new reference to its traditional Chinese medicine therapy. By the method of retrospective study, one hundred and thirty-two outpatient prescriptions of Professor Jiang for the treatment of abdominal mass were collected to establish a typical database with TCMISS...
January 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Edward H Reynolds
The word hysteria originated in the Corpus Hippocraticum (c420 BCE) as a natural explanation for a variety of diseases in women linked in the Greco-Roman mind to an animate or inanimate womb, but which in the last five centuries has evolved to describe an elusive disorder of brain ± mind in men and women, currently referred to by neurologists as "functional neurological disorder". The Babylonians, Assyrians and Egyptians had no knowledge of brain or psychological function. Babylonian and Assyrian descriptions of disease and behaviour include only rare examples suggestive of modern hysteria...
February 17, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
S C Donnelly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
Yi-Quan Yan, Juan Xie, Jing-Fu Wang, Zhao-Feng Shi, Xiang Zhang, Yong-Ping Du, Xing-Cheng Zhao
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most malignant diseases worldwide. The unfavorable clinical outcome and poor prognosis are due to high rates of recurrence and metastasis after treatments. Some scholars of traditional Chinese medicine suggested that endogenous wind-evil had played an important role in metastasis of malignant tumor. Therefore, the drug of dispelling wind-evil could be used to prevent cancer metastasis and improve the poor prognosis. So we wondered whether Scorpion, one of the most important wind calming drugs, has antitumor effect especially in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and metastasis of HCC in this research...
January 1, 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
Shizue Ohsawa, John Vaughen, Tatsushi Igaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 26, 2018: Developmental Cell
Kurt Gray, Stephen Anderson, Cameron M Doyle, Neil Hester, Peter Schmitt, Andrew J Vonasch, Scott T Allison, Joshua C Jackson
Many people believe in immortality, but who is perceived to live on and how exactly do they live on? Seven studies reveal that good- and evil-doers are perceived to possess more immortality-albeit different kinds. Good-doers have "transcendent" immortality, with their souls persisting beyond space and time; evil-doers have "trapped" immortality, with their souls persisting on Earth, bound to a physical location. Studies 1 to 4 reveal bidirectional links between perceptions of morality and type of immortality...
February 1, 2018: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
Simge Zeyneloğlu, Sezer Kısa
AIM: Researchers used descriptive study design to examine the traditional practices of women in relation to maternal and newborn care in the postpartum period. METHODS: 523 postpartum women included who were between 15 and 49years of age, had at least one child, and had no medical complications that affect the mother-infant health. A questionnaire was used to collect data. Comparisons were made between the responses about the women's knowledge of traditional practices and other variables...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Makoto Suzuki
For research and development (R&D) of new drugs, animal experimentation is indispensable, and research institutes, pharmaceutical companies, or contract research organizations routinely conduct preclinical studies of efficacy, safety, or metabolism using laboratory animals. However, animal experimentation entails some organizational risks. One is the suspension of R&D of a new drug, because in the course of clinical studies it becomes apparent that the drug has limited efficacy, unexpected side effects, and/or unexpected metabolites...
2018: Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica
Gabriel Lavorato-Neto, Larissa Rodrigues, Egberto Ribeiro Turato, Claudinei José Gomes Campos
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the meanings attributed by nursing professionals in psychiatry to spirituality and its relationship with care. METHOD: Clinical-qualitative, with appreciation of symbolic meanings. We interviewed 18 individuals for a semi-structured script of open questions and the data were analyzed in the light of psychoanalytic hermeneutics. The discussion was undertaken with the overlap of understanding of the sacred symbol, psychological and the meaning of life...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Shizue Ohsawa, John Vaughen, Tatsushi Igaki
Epithelial tissues robustly respond to internal and external stressors via dynamic cellular rearrangements. Cell extrusion acts as a key regulator of epithelial homeostasis by removing apoptotic cells, orchestrating morphogenesis, and mediating competitive cellular battles during tumorigenesis. Here, we delineate the diverse functions of cell extrusion during development and disease. We emphasize the expanding role for apoptotic cell extrusion in exerting morphogenetic forces, as well as the strong intersection of cell extrusion with cell competition, a homeostatic mechanism that eliminates aberrant or unfit cells...
February 5, 2018: Developmental Cell
Rajesh Rajesh, Rajesh Tampi
Steven R, a 21-year-old man, visited the clinic accompanied by his mother. He did not speak much, and his mother provided his history. Over the previous 2 months, she had overheard him whispering in an agitated voice, even though no one else was nearby. And, lately, he refused to answer or make calls on his cell phone, claiming that if he did it would activate a deadly chip that had been implanted in his brain by evil aliens. He also stopped attending classes at the community college. He occasionally had a few beers with his friends, but he had never been known to abuse alcohol or use other recreational drugs...
February 2018: Journal of Family Practice
Matthias Wicki, Kimberly A Mallett, Marina Delgrande Jordan, Racheal Reavy, Rob Turrisi, Aurélie Archimi, Emmanuel Kuntsche
Alcohol use and risky single occasion drinking are common among adolescents and are associated with a higher risk of various negative social, physical, academic, or sexual consequences. Studies have shown that among college students, willingness to experience negative consequences is associated with a higher likelihood of experiencing these consequences in the future. However, it remains unclear how experiencing negative consequences influences adolescents' willingness to experience them again. Based on a representative sample of 1,333 alcohol-using 14- to 15-year-olds (47...
February 1, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
Matthew J Loscalzo
Illness, health and wellness happens in social contexts. The present political environment is highly divisive and plays to the most primitive fears of people. Never have the stakes been so high. History is replete with putative leaders who create walls that separate people in ways that inevitably leads to dehumanization, suffering and eventually violence. Timely and openly shared psychosocial insights by experts in mental health into the evil consequences of "wall builders" are essential to the physical, mental and spiritual health of individuals and nations...
February 1, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Kai Yang, Geng-Zhe Yu
The recognition and use of Aconitum carmichaeli have undergone various changes from the pre-Qin period to Tang dynasty. From "the drug of evil" to "the leader of hundreds of medicine ", people's understanding of A. carmichaeli is more and more deep and specific. The medicinal values of A. Carmichaeli have been excavated, and it is widely used in brewing skill, agricultural production, Taoism, Buddhism and festival customs. Its function is becoming more and more diversified and routinized. By studying it, we can glimpse some rules in the evolution of traditional Chinese medicine, for instance relationships between drugs and poisons, drugs and non-drug; the inheritance and integration of medical books' recording; the generalization and routinization of Chinese medicinal medicines' functions, and so on...
December 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Hai-Jian Yuan, Wei Li, Jian-Ming Jin, Jing-Jing Chen, Jun Jiang, Hui Wang, Xiao-Bin Jia, Liang Feng
Guizhi Decoction was one of the most commonly used traditional Chinese Medicine which possesses the effects of "jie-ji-fa-biao, regulating Ying and Wei". It was mainly used to treat mind-cold due to exogenous evils such as fever, headache, sweating, hate the wind, et al. Modern studies indicated that the chemical constituents of Guizhi decoction mainly include phenylpropanoid, monoterpenes, organic acids, flavonoids, triterpenoid saponins and so on. Pharmacological experimental studies had shown that Guizhi decoction could play a big role in dual-directional regulation on sweat gland, body temperature, immune function, gastrointestinal peristalsis, and blood pressure, and could also play the role of anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiviral, anti-allergic, analgesic, hypoglycemic, and cardiovascular protection...
December 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
H Kittler, P Tschandl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
Suyun Li, Jingsheng Zhao
The forming and development of traditional reinforcing and reducing method of acupuncture was rooted in traditional culture of China, and was based on the ancients' special understanding of nature, life and diseases, therefore its principle and methods were inevitably influenced by philosophy culture and medicine concept at that time. With deep study on Inner Canon of Huangdi and representative reinforcing and reducing method of acupuncture, the implied ideological concept, including contradiction view and profit-loss view in ancient dialectic, yin-yang balance theory, concept of life flow, monophyletic theory of qi , theory of existence of disease-evil, yin-yang astrology theory, theory of inter-promotion of five elements, were summarized and analyzed...
November 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Shangqing Li, Aiai Dong, Zhijun Hu, Xinzhi Zhu
In theory of TCM, the root cause of knee osteoarthritis (xibi) is the deficiency of liver and kidney, while the symptoms are involved with multiple damages of muscles, tendons and joints. The exogenous evil of wind, coldness, dampness and heat as well as the blood stasis usually block the meridians and collaterals, which cause the knee osteoarthritis. Professor JI Laixi selects acupoints based on syndrome differentiation, and treats both root cause and symptoms. He attaches importance to the ashi points, and takes pain as acupoints...
January 12, 2018: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
S Vamsee Raju, Steven Mark Rowe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
A Fioritti
On 13 May 1978, the Italian Parliament approved Law 180, universally known as 'Basaglia Law' after the name of the leader of the anti-institutional movement which promoted this radical community mental health care reform. Forty years later, Italian psychiatry still runs a community care system, albeit with degrees of solidity and quality very varied along the peninsula. Mental health care is still an integral part of the National Health System, with liberal regulations on coercion and a lowest number of general hospital and residential facilities beds...
January 16, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
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