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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344031/culture-bound-syndromes-of-a-brazilian-amazon-riverine-population-tentative-correspondence-between-traditional-and-western-medicine-terms-and-possible-ethnopharmacological-implications
#1
E Pagani, J de F L Santos, E Rodrigues
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: It is not always possible to correlate the "emic" terms to the "etic" ones during ethnopharmacological surveys, especially regarding those related to Culture-Bound Syndromes (CBS). Nevertheless, it is the role of ethnopharmacology to address these correlations, since they are the basis for the understanding of potential bioactives. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: This study reports the clinical manifestations and therapeutic resources used for the treatment of CBS among some riverine inhabitants of Brazilian Amazonia...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336791/faultless-responsibility-on-the-nature-and-allocation-of-moral-responsibility-for-distributed-moral-actions
#2
Luciano Floridi
The concept of distributed moral responsibility (DMR) has a long history. When it is understood as being entirely reducible to the sum of (some) human, individual and already morally loaded actions, then the allocation of DMR, and hence of praise and reward or blame and punishment, may be pragmatically difficult, but not conceptually problematic. However, in distributed environments, it is increasingly possible that a network of agents, some human, some artificial (e.g. a program) and some hybrid (e.g. a group of people working as a team thanks to a software platform), may cause distributed moral actions (DMAs)...
December 28, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299257/cleft-lip-and-palate-parental-experiences-of-stigma-discrimination-and-social-structural-inequalities
#3
Wasiu Lanre Adeyemo, Olutayo James, Azeez Butali
BACKGROUND: Cleft lip and palate (CLP) are the most common craniofacial birth impairment and one of the most common congenital impairments in humans. Anecdotal evidence suggests that stigmatization, discrimination, and sociocultural inequalities are common "phenomenon" experienced by families of children with CLP in Nigeria. This study aimed to explore the stigmatization, discrimination, and sociocultural inequalities experiences of families with children born with CLP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out at the surgical outpatient cleft clinic of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297105/retraction-statement-flt3-beyond-good-and-evil-by-carlos-cortes-penagos-et-al
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Hematological Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297004/deciding-on-the-duration-of-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-when-the-choice-between-2-evils-is-still-evil
#5
Marco Valgimigli, Giuseppe Gargiulo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279747/readmissions-for-critical-limb-ischemia-hear-no-evil
#6
EDITORIAL
Mehdi H Shishehbor, Herbert D Aronow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251453/people-s-perception-on-impacts-of-hydro-power-projects-in-bhagirathi-river-valley-india
#7
G C S Negi, Disha Punetha
The people's perception on environmental and socio-economic impacts due to three hydro-electric projects (HEPs; commissioned and under construction) were studied in the north-west Indian Himalaya. Surveys among 140 project-affected people (PAPs) using a checklist of impacts indicate that among the negative impacts, decrease in flora/fauna, agriculture, flow of river, aesthetic beauty; and increase in water pollution, river bed quarrying for sand/stone, human settlement on river banks and social evils; and among the positive impacts, increase in standard of living, road connectivity, means of transport, public amenities, tourism and environmental awareness were related with HEPs...
April 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245806/-hu-hong-bad-thing-parental-perceptions-of-teenagers-sexuality-in-urban-vietnam
#8
Lan Anh Thi Do, Pimpawun Boonmongkon, Seung Chun Paek, Thomas E Guadamuz
BACKGROUND: Teenagers under 18 years old in Vietnam are considered as minors who usually lack the autonomy to make decisions. They are also sometimes viewed as contributors to social evils including crime, violence and substance use. Moreover, most Vietnamese teenagers have unsafe sex before marriage. The objective of this study is to explore the parental perceptions relating to their teenagers' sexuality, particularly the social and cultural forces, that may hinder access to sexuality information...
February 28, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222022/central-and-peripheral-control-of-food-intake
#9
M M I Abdalla
The maintenance of the body weight at a stable level is a major determinant in keeping the higher animals and mammals survive. Th e body weight depends on the balance between the energy intake and energy expenditure. Increased food intake over the energy expenditure of prolonged time period results in an obesity. Th e obesity has become an important worldwide health problem, even at low levels. The obesity has an evil effect on the health and is associated with a shorter life expectancy. A complex of central and peripheral physiological signals is involved in the control of the food intake...
January 1, 2017: Endocrine Regulations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219376/cooperate-a-paradigm-shift-for-health-equity
#10
REVIEW
Wei-Ching Chang, Joy H Fraser
The role of competition and cooperation in relation to the goal of health equity is examined in this paper. The authors explain why the win-lose mentality associated with avoidable competition is ethically questionable and less effective than cooperation in achieving positive outcomes, particularly as it relates to health and health equity. Competition, which differentiates winners from losers, often with the winner-takes-all reward system, inevitably leads to a few winners and many losers, resulting in social inequality, which, in turn, engenders and perpetuates health inequity...
February 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128818/-conceptualization-of-the-disease-and-some-of-its-designations-the-contribution-of-a-comparative-etymological-study
#11
Walter Lips-Castro
Every cognitive process, including the conceptualization of some perceived facts, such as human disease states, entails both an emotional as an evaluative aspect. Regarding this, cross-cultural research has shown that there are common human value contents. Therefore, in a human phylogenetic context, it is plausible to argue that, along with the development of our language, both the hetero-perception and self-perception of some specific human states have been termed descriptively to communicate their adaptive significance...
January 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116463/-music-pulse-heart-and-sport
#12
REVIEW
E R Gasenzer, R Leischik
Music, with its various elements, such as rhythm, sound and melody had the unique ability even in prehistoric, ancient and medieval times to have a special fascination for humans. Nowadays, it is impossible to eliminate music from our daily lives. We are accompanied by music in shopping arcades, on the radio, during sport or leisure time activities and in wellness therapy. Ritualized drumming was used in the medical sense to drive away evil spirits or to undergo holy enlightenment. Today we experience the varied effects of music on all sensory organs and we utilize its impact on cardiovascular and neurological rehabilitation, during invasive cardiovascular procedures or during physical activities, such as training or work...
January 23, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025658/microorganisms-good-or-evil-mirri-provides-biosecurity-awareness
#13
David Smith, Dunja Martin, Tatyana Novossiolova
The life-science community is a key stakeholder in the effort to ensure that the advances in biotechnology are not misused. Unfortunately, to date, the engagement of life scientists with issues of biosecurity has been limited. Microorganisms have been harnessed for the benefit of humankind but in the wrong hands could be used in direct or indirect acts against humans, livestock, crops, food, water infrastructure and other economically valuable entities. The Microbial Resources Research Infrastructure in its preparatory phase has addressed the topic implementing a code of conduct as part of its programme of prevention of malicious use and continues to work with the international community to raise awareness of best practice to avoid misuse of microorganisms...
March 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008078/an-evil-face-verbal-evaluative-multi-cs-conditioning-enhances-face-evoked-mid-latency-magnetoencephalographic-responses
#14
Markus Junghöfer, Maimu Alissa Rehbein, Julius Maitzen, Sebastian Schindler, Johanna Kissler
Humans have a remarkable capacity for rapid affective learning. For instance, using first-order US such as odors or electric shocks, magnetoencephalography (MEG) studies of multi-CS conditioning demonstrate enhanced early (<150 ms) and mid-latency (150-300 ms) visual evoked responses to affectively conditioned faces, together with changes in stimulus evaluation. However, particularly in social contexts, human affective learning is often mediated by language, a class of complex higher-order US. To elucidate mechanisms of this type of learning, we investigate how face processing changes following verbal evaluative multi-CS conditioning...
December 21, 2016: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917505/might-constraint-be-compatible-with-care-home-care-as-a-situational-ethics
#15
Antoine Hennion, Pierre A Vidal-Naquet
Respecting the autonomy and will of people has legitimately led to strictly control the use of constraint in care activities, and promote a care ethics centred around people's needs and wills. But constraint is underlying in any action aiming at making people do something, even with their consent, especially when their ability to evaluate what is best for them may be altered. Ceaselessly present in care, this ordinary, silent constraint should not be only deemed as a necessary evil to be prevented. In contrast with this legally-based view, the paper adopts a pragmatic perspective...
December 5, 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914303/a-necessary-evil-residential-placement-of-people-with-intellectual-disability-among-the-palestinian-minority-in-israel
#16
Kareem Nasser, Dalia Sachs, Amalia Sa'ar
Among the Palestinian minority in Israel, residential placement of people with intellectual disabilities [ID] is relatively new and steadily increasing, but poorly studied. A qualitative design was used to explore the process of residential placement decision by 18 parents of people with ID through semi-structured interviews. Sampling was purposive and data was analyzed thematically. Four main themes emerged representing parents' perceptions and experiences along the placement decision-making process, together indicating an experience of deeply 'conflicted parenting': (a) initial resistance to placement and its perception as abandonment and parental failure; (b) attrition following cumulative difficulties and lack of assistance; (c) resignation and reframing of placement as a necessary evil; (d) relief mixed with guilt, pain, and ambivalence following placement...
January 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892661/infertility-in-pediatric-cancer-survivors-a-necessary-evil-or-a-potentially-avoidable-sequel
#17
Junior Smith Torres-Roman, Ismael Conislla-Espinoza, Katherin Estefany Gutierrez-Flores, Janina Bazalar-Palacios, Napoleon Paredes-Perez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885037/the-psychologist-the-psychoanalyst-and-the-extraordinary-child-in-postwar-british-science-fiction
#18
Laura Tisdall
A sudden influx of portrayals of 'extraordinary children' emerged in British science fiction after the Second World War. Such children both violated and confirmed the new set of expectations about ordinary childhood that emerged from the findings of developmental psychologists around the same time. Previous work on extraordinary children in both science fiction and horror has tended to confine the phenomenon to an 'evil child boom' within the American filmmaking industry in the 1970s. This article suggests that a much earlier trend is visible in British postwar science fiction texts, analysing a cluster of novels that emerged in the 1950s: Arthur C...
December 2016: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874319/grandiose-and-vulnerable-narcissism-materialism-money-attitudes-and-consumption-preferences
#19
Irena Pilch, Małgorzata E Górnik-Durose
Narcissism is increasingly being investigated in the context of consumer attitudes and behavior. Previous research showed that narcissism is reflected in materialistic tendencies and money-related attitudes. However, almost all of these studies concerned the grandiose type of narcissism. We examined relationships of both grandiose and vulnerable narcissism with materialism, money attitudes, and consumption preferences in a nonstudent sample. The results showed that the two types of narcissism are equally associated with materialism and a tendency to conspicuous (public) consumption...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842979/heart-rate-reduction-for-cardiac-computed-tomography-a-necessary-evil
#20
Pedro de Araújo Gonçalves
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
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