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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541165/is-it-desirable-to-be-able-to-do-the-undesirable-moral-bioenhancement-and-the-little-alex-problem
#1
Michael Hauskeller
It has been argued that moral bioenhancement is desirable even if it would make it impossible for us to do what is morally required. Others find this apparent loss of freedom deplorable. However, it is difficult to see how a world in which there is no moral evil can plausibly be regarded as worse than a world in which people are not only free to do evil, but also where they actually do it, which would commit us to the seemingly paradoxical view that, under certain circumstances, the bad can be better than the good...
July 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540393/computed-tomography-scans-of-the-head-for-adult-patients-with-minor-head-injury-are-clinical-decision-rules-a-necessary-evil
#2
Desmond Wei Tan, Annabelle Mei En Lim, Daniel Yuxuan Ong, Li Lee Peng, Yiong Huak Chan, Irwani Ibrahim, Win Sen Kuan
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate compliance with and performance of the Canadian Computed Tomography Head Rule (CCHR), and its applicability in the local adult population with minor head injury. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of consecutive patients who presented to the adult emergency department (ED) with minor head injury over six months. Data on predictor variables indicated in the CCHR was collected and compliance with the CCHR assessed by comparing the recommendations for head computed tomography (CT) scans to its actual usage...
May 25, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522165/a-new-legal-treatment-for-psychopaths-perplexities-for-legal-thinkers
#3
REVIEW
Maria Isabel Gonzalez-Tapia, Ingrid Obsuth, Rachel Heeds
Public perception, fueled not only by popular and news media but also by expert claims that psychopaths are archetypes of evil: incorrigible, remorseless, cold-blooded criminals, whose crimes manifest in the most extreme levels of violence. But is there empirical evidence that psychopaths truly are what they are portrayed to be? If so, should the law respond, and adjust its treatment of psychopaths in court - permitting psychopathy to be admitted under an insanity defense and/or resulting in mitigation? In this paper, we demonstrate that fundamental questions from the law to science remain unanswered and must be addressed before any alternative treatment of psychopathy can be considered...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515626/the-history-of-tuberculosis-from-the-first-historical-records-to-the-isolation-of-koch-s-bacillus
#4
REVIEW
I Barberis, N L Bragazzi, L Galluzzo, M Martini
Tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious, infectious disease, due to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MT) that has always been a permanent challenge over the course of human history, because of its severe social implications. It has been hypothesized that the genus Mycobacterium originated more than 150 million years ago. In the Middle Ages, scrofula, a disease affecting cervical lymph nodes, was described as a new clinical form of TB. The illness was known in England and France as "king's evil", and it was widely believed that persons affected could heal after a royal touch...
March 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514489/nerve-conduction-studies-for-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-gold-standard-or-unnecessary-evil
#5
EDITORIAL
John R Fowler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492572/-the-spiral-of-evil-iatrogenic-coronary-and-aortic-dissection
#6
Paolo Canova, Giuseppe Musumeci, Roberta Rossini, Mauro Gori, Michele Senni, Orazio Valsecchi
Iatrogenic coronary and aortic dissection is one of the worst complication during a percutaneous coronary intervention. Nevertheless, it can be approached and effectively resolved by a percutaneous way, sealing the false lumen "entry door" with a covered stent, even if this device is more thrombogenic than other bare-metal or drug-eluting stents. We report the case of a 60-year-old man with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction complicated by both iatrogenic dissection and multiple stent thrombosis.
April 2017: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474277/religion-spirituality-and-folk-medicine-superstition-in-a-neonatal-unit
#7
Jose María Lloreda-Garcia
Beliefs and practices surrounding religion and spirituality (RS) feature in neonatal units, although healthcare professionals and families hold different views on their role in neonatal care. Descriptive study performed at the Neonatology Unit of Santa Lucía University Hospital, Cartagena. Separate forms concerning spirituality, religion and folk medicine were administered to professionals ascribed to the unit (n = 70) and parents (n = 93). 70% of professionals and 60.2% of parents perceive RS as playing a relevant role in neonatal care; however, 45% of professionals prefer that parents do not express their RS beliefs...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468115/-on-the-chu-or-qu-of-wu-shi-er-bing-fang-prescriptions-for-fifty-two-diseases-and-relevant-issues
#8
J R Son
In Article 30 of Wu shi er bing fang(Prescriptions for Fifty-two Diseases) , the "Qu ()" in "Shen Shen Er Bu Neng Qu ()" has an opposite relation with "Shen ()" , that is, "Shen ()" , and it should be interpreted as "Qu ()" , that is bend. Thus, in "Shen Shen Er Bu Neng Qu ()" , bodies that appear to have "Shang Jing()" (spasmodic disease), causing stiffness and unable to flex. In Article 308 of Wu shi er bing fang, "Xi Xi Chu Chu()" and "Xi Xi Chu Chu ()" are synonymous. The "Chu ()" in "Xi Xi Chu Chu ()" is interpreted as "(exit)" while "Xi Xi Chu Chu ()" depicts a curse in which an evil fire is summoned out of an oven...
March 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468026/psychiatry-and-religion-opponents-or-collaborators-the-power-of-spirituality-in-contemporary-psychiatry
#9
Miro Jakovljević
Religion and psychiatry have had complicated, sometimes neutral or friendly and cooperative, sometimes competitive and antagonistic relations over their long histories. Relations between psychiatry and religion are influenced by complex belief systems, each diverse and changing. Psychiatry has often ignored spiritual and religious dimension in health and illness while religions influenced the treatment of mental disorders directly by defining mental disorders as evil spirit possessions and prescribing exorcism as treatment...
April 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459649/a-necessary-evil-patients-experiences-receiving-tube-feeding-in-acute-care
#10
Cara Green, Virginia Vandall-Walker
BACKGROUND: Tube feeding (TF) is frequently prescribed for adults admitted to acute care facilities to prevent or ameliorate malnutrition, yet little is known about patients' needs and experiences with receiving this therapy. Patients' perspectives regarding the factors influencing their experiences, as well as their information and support needs, are required to inform healthcare providers' (HCPs') patient-centered practices. METHODS: Based on an interpretive description qualitative approach, 12 unstructured face-to-face interviews were conducted with participants admitted to acute care hospitals in Northwestern Ontario, Canada...
April 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459339/fifty-years-of-research-in-ards-mechanical-ventilation-during-extracorporeal-support-for-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-for-now-a-necessary-evil
#11
Eddy Fan, Daniel Brodie, Arthur S Slutsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454803/recurrent-mi-and-stroke-post-acute-coronary-syndrome-which-is-the-lesser-evil
#12
EDITORIAL
Shahar Lavi, Vladimír Džavík
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446041/supernatural-versus-medical-responses-to-mental-illness-from-undergraduate-university-students-in-trinidad
#13
AnMarie Kamanie Ramkissoon, Casswina Donald, Gerard Hutchinson
Background/Introduction: Perceptions about the aetiology of mental illness are likely to influence help-seeking behaviour. Understanding help-seeking behaviour will improve service provision and access. Therefore, this is likely to improve treatment outcomes. METHODS: We assessed the perceptions and help-seeking behaviours surrounding mental illness in a Trinidadian population of 158 tertiary-level students (136 female, 22 male; mean age 30) by analysing their responses to a questionnaire which asked for responses regarding a case vignette of a 25-year-old young woman exhibiting symptoms suggestive of schizophrenia...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441136/electronic-cigarettes-the-lesser-of-two-evils-but-how-much-less
#14
EDITORIAL
Steven D Shapiro, Ata Murat Kaynar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420410/ethnopharmacologic-survey-of-medicinal-plants-used-to-treat-human-diseases-by-traditional-medical-practitioners-in-dega-damot-district-amhara-northwestern-ethiopia
#15
Muluken Wubetu, Tefera Abula, Getye Dejenu
BACKGROUND: One of the services that plants provide for human beings is their wider medicinal application. Although it is not fully assessed, the practice and wider use of traditional medicine is frequent in Ethiopia. Studies conducted previously are confined to the perceptions of modern and traditional health practitioners about traditional medicine. A total of 45 informants were selected purposefully from the study area. For collecting the data, semi-structured interviewees, observation and field walks were employed from August 10 to September 30/2014...
April 18, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405168/the-black-evil-affecting-patients-with-diabetes-a-case-of-rhino-orbito-cerebral-mucormycosis-causing-garcin-syndrome
#16
Santhosh Narayanan, Geetha Panarkandy, Gomathy Subramaniam, Chandni Radhakrishnan, N K Thulaseedharan, Neeraj Manikath, Sreejith Ramaswamy, Suma Radhakrishnan, Danish Ekkalayil
Mucormycosis is a life-threatening infection affecting patients with diabetes. It is an angioinvasive disease often resistant to treatment with a debilitating course and high mortality. Here, we report a case of a 45 year old woman with type 2 diabetes mellitus who presented to us with history of right-sided ptosis and facial palsy, and subsequently developed loss of vision and palatal palsy. She was in diabetic ketoacidosis. Nervous system examination revealed involvement of right second, third, fourth, sixth, seventh, ninth, and tenth cranial nerves, suggestive of Garcin syndrome...
2017: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402269/long-term-storage-in-liquid-nitrogen-leads-to-only-minor-phenotypic-and-gene-expression-changes-in-the-mammary-carcinoma-model-cell-line-bt474
#17
Judit Fazekas, Thomas W Grunt, Erika Jensen-Jarolim, Josef Singer
BACKGROUND/AIM: Cancer cell lines are indispensible surrogate models in cancer research, as they can be used off-the-shelf, expanded to the desired extent, easily modified and exchanged between research groups for affirmation, reproduction or follow-up experiments.As malignant cells are prone to genomic instability, phenotypical changes may occur after certain passages in culture. Thus, cell lines have to be regularly authenticated to ensure data quality. In between experiments these cell lines are often stored in liquid nitrogen for extended time periods...
May 23, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401258/tumor-associated-myeloid-cells-as-guiding-forces-of-cancer-cell-stemness
#18
REVIEW
Antonio Sica, Chiara Porta, Alberto Amadori, Anna Pastò
Due to their ability to differentiate into various cell types and to support tissue regeneration, stem cells simultaneously became the holy grail of regenerative medicine and the evil obstacle in cancer therapy. Several studies have investigated niche-related conditions that favor stemness properties and increasingly emphasized their association with an inflammatory environment. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are major orchestrators of cancer-related inflammation, able to dynamically express different polarized inflammatory programs that promote tumor outgrowth, including tumor angiogenesis, immunosuppression, tissue remodeling and metastasis formation...
April 11, 2017: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398521/the-doctrine-of-original-antigenic-sin-separating-good-from-evil
#19
Arnold S Monto, Ryan E Malosh, Joshua G Petrie, Emily T Martin
The term "Original Antigenic Sin" was coined approximately 60 years ago to describe the imprinting by first influenza type A infection on later antibody response to vaccination. These studies did not suggest reduction in response to current antigens, but instead anamnestic recall of antibody to earlier strains. Then, approximately 40 years ago, it was observed that sequential influenza vaccination might lead to reduced vaccine effectiveness. This conclusion was largely dismissed after an experimental study involving sequential administration of then standard influenza vaccines...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393554/-a-necessary-evil-associations-with-taking-medication-and-their-relationship-with-medication-adherence
#20
Mieke Kleppe, Joyca Lacroix, Jaap Ham, Cees Midden
Cognitive factors, like beliefs, have been studied extensively as determinants of medication adherence, while affect associated with taking medicines has been studied much less. In the present study (N = 525), we investigated affect by assessing patients' first associations with taking their medicines. Results showed that these associations were related to self-reported medication adherence: Patients who associated taking medicines with negative affect were the least adherent, while those associating taking medicines with the need to take medicines were the most adherent...
April 9, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
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