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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335037/is-freedom-still-therapy-the-40th-anniversary-of-the-italian-mental-health-care-reform
#1
A Fioritti
On 13 May 1978, the Italian Parliament approved Law 180, universally known as 'Basaglia Law' after the name of the leader of the anti-institutional movement which promoted this radical community mental health care reform. Forty years later, Italian psychiatry still runs a community care system, albeit with degrees of solidity and quality very varied along the peninsula. Mental health care is still an integral part of the National Health System, with liberal regulations on coercion and a lowest number of general hospital and residential facilities beds...
January 16, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303143/cno-evil-considerations-for-the-use-of-dreadds-in-behavioral-neuroscience
#2
Stephen V Mahler, Gary Aston-Jones
Neuropsychopharmacology accepted article preview online, 05 January 2018. doi:10.1038/npp.2017.299.
January 5, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258371/attitudes-of-patients-with-psychiatric-illness-toward-traditional-healing
#3
Abdelaziz A Omer, Amir A Mufaddel
BACKGROUND: The role of traditional healers in the community remains an issue of debate as they have a role in the community that could not be neglected. Traditional medicine can be a barrier for early intervention and treatment of psychiatric disorders. AIM: This study is a cross-sectional descriptive study that aims to evaluate the attitude of patients toward traditional healing in Khartoum teaching hospital in Sudan. METHOD: Patients who attended the outpatient clinic were asked about previous history of seeking treatment from traditional healers...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247094/oral-medicine-modification-for-older-adults-a-qualitative-study-of-nurses
#4
Aoife Mc Gillicuddy, Abina M Crean, Maria Kelly, Laura Sahm
OBJECTIVE: Oral medicines are frequently modified (eg, tablets crushed) for older adults. However, these modifications can have clinical, legal and/or ethical implications. Nurses bear responsibility for medicine administration and hence, perform these modifications. The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of nurses about oral medicine modification for older adults. DESIGN: A qualitative study was conducted using semi-structured, face-to-face interviews with nurses providing care to older adults in acute and long-term care settings...
December 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246186/-when-a-woman-is-pregnant-her-grave-is-open-health-beliefs-concerning-dietary-practices-among-pregnant-kalenjin-women-in-rural-uasin-gishu-county-kenya
#5
Roselyter Monchari Riang'a, Anne Kisaka Nangulu, Jacqueline E W Broerse
BACKGROUND: Reducing malnutrition remains a major global challenge especially in low- and middle-income countries. Lack of knowledge on the motive of nutritional behaviour could ultimately cripple nutrition intervention outcomes. The purpose of this study was to investigate how health beliefs influence nutritional behaviour intention of the pregnant Kalenjin women of rural Uasin Gishu County in Kenya. The study findings provide useful information for culturally congruent nutrition counselling and intervention...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237306/spiritual-criminology-the-case-of-jewish-criminology
#6
Natti Ronel, Y Ben Yair
Throughout the ages and in most cultures, spiritual and religious thinking have dealt extensively with offending (person against person and person against the Divine), the response to offending, and rehabilitation of offenders. Although modern criminology has generally overlooked that body of knowledge and experience, the study of spirituality and its relation to criminology is currently growing. Frequently, though, it is conducted from the secular scientific perspective, thus reducing spiritual knowledge into what is already known...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214207/what-is-the-role-of-the-film-viewer-the-effects-of-narrative-comprehension-and-viewing-task-on-gaze-control-in-film
#7
John P Hutson, Tim J Smith, Joseph P Magliano, Lester C Loschky
Film is ubiquitous, but the processes that guide viewers' attention while viewing film narratives are poorly understood. In fact, many film theorists and practitioners disagree on whether the film stimulus (bottom-up) or the viewer (top-down) is more important in determining how we watch movies. Reading research has shown a strong connection between eye movements and comprehension, and scene perception studies have shown strong effects of viewing tasks on eye movements, but such idiosyncratic top-down control of gaze in film would be anathema to the universal control mainstream filmmakers typically aim for...
2017: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190802/perceiving-the-evil-eye-investigating-hostile-interpretation-of-ambiguous-facial-emotional-expression-in-violent-and-non-violent-offenders
#8
Niki C Kuin, Erik D M Masthoff, Marcus R Munafò, Ian S Penton-Voak
Research into the causal and perpetuating factors influencing aggression has partly focused on the general tendency of aggression-prone individuals to infer hostile intent in others, even in ambiguous circumstances. This is referred to as the 'hostile interpretation bias'. Whether this hostile interpretation bias also exists in basal information processing, such as perception of facial emotion, is not yet known, especially with respect to the perception of ambiguous expressions. In addition, little is known about how this potential bias in facial emotion perception is related to specific characteristics of aggression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186184/considerations-on-visible-light-communication-security-by-applying-the-risk-matrix-methodology-for-risk-assessment
#9
Ignacio Marin-Garcia, Patricia Chavez-Burbano, Victor Guerra, Jose Rabadan, Rafael Perez-Jimenez
Visible Light Communications (VLC) is a cutting edge technology for data communication that is being considered to be implemented in a wide range of applications such as Inter-vehicle communication or Local Area Network (LAN) communication. As a novel technology, some aspects of the implementation of VLC have not been deeply considered or tested. Among these aspects, security and its implementation may become an obstacle for VLCs broad usage. In this article, we have used the well-known Risk Matrix methodology to determine the relative risk that several common attacks have in a VLC network...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177512/-the-lesser-of-two-evils-versus-medicines-not-smarties-constructing-antipsychotics-in-dementia
#10
Dilbagh Gill, Saleh Almutairi, Parastou Donyai
Background and Objectives: Because antipsychotics are associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality, they should only be prescribed in dementia in limited circumstances. But antipsychotics are prescribed to a large proportion of residents in formal care settings despite guidance and warnings to the contrary, justifying a study into how professionals define and in turn create realities about antipsychotic usage in dementia. Research Design and Methods: Twenty-eight professionals with a role in the care and management of patients with dementia in care homes were recruited and interviewed in this qualitative study...
November 21, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158036/paediatric-weight-estimation-by-age-in-the-digital-era-optimising-a-necessary-evil
#11
Nicholas Appelbaum, Jonathan Clarke, Ian Maconochie, Ara Darzi
BACKGROUND: Age-based weight estimation methods are regularly used in paediatric emergency medicine despite their well-established inaccuracy. AIM: Determine the potential improvement in accuracy achievable by the use of a new mobile application, based on CDC/WHO weight-for-age centile data, which incorporates a gender assignment, a body habitus assessment, and which is capable of an age-in-months based calculation. METHODS: A theoretical, simulated validation study, comparing the performance of the widely used APLS/EPALS formulae against two contemporary habitus-adjusted methods, and the Helix Weight Estimation Tool...
November 17, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151235/how-the-urge-to-kill-feels-articulations-of-emic-appetitive-aggression-experiences-among-former-forcefully-recruited-children-and-youth-in-the-acholi-region-of-northern-uganda
#12
Helle Harnisch, Anett Pfeiffer
Based on 10 months of fieldwork in the Acholi region of northern Uganda among youth and adults who were forcefully recruited into the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) during the war, this article provides qualitative details to research on 'appetitive aggression.' Through two case-stories the article unfolds first person articulations of how 'appetitive aggression' is experienced as 'the urge to kill' and how it relates to the emic Acholi spiritual concept of 'cen'; a local Luo expression used to describe places and human beings possessed by evil spirits...
November 18, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127584/-if-you-choose-to-abort-you-have-acted-as-an-instrument-of-satan-zimbabwean-health-service-providers-negative-constructions-of-women-presenting-for-post-abortion-care
#13
Malvern Chiweshe, Catriona Macleod
PURPOSE: Health service providers play a crucial role in providing post abortion care in countries where abortion legislation is restrictive and abortion is stigmatised. Research in countries where these factors apply has shown that health service providers can be barriers to women accessing post abortion services. Much of this research draws from attitude theory. In this paper, we utilise positioning theory to show how the ways in which Zimbabwean health service providers' position women and themselves are rooted in cultural and social power relations...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123993/prevalence-of-areca-nut-chewing-habit-among-high-school-children-of-parsa-district-of-nepal
#14
Sartaj Singh Wazir, Pallak Arora, Shalini Kapoor, Raviraj Jayam, Sugandha Sharma, Trisha Rastogi
Aim: Consumption of areca nut products among school going children has become very common social evil in some areas of Nepal especially adjoining the Indian subcontinent. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of areca nut chewing habit among high school children in Terai belt of Nepal. The use of areca nut has become indigenous in this part and is being used by itself and in various formulations. The regular use of areca nut has been recognized as being carcinogenic to humans...
September 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072017/-effect-of-acupuncture-at-thirteen-evil-acupoints-on-liver-function-and-the-contents-of-blood-ammonia-and-%C3%AE-endorphin-in-patients-with-hepatic-encephalopathy
#15
Hong-Hui Su, Hou-Song Cui, Hui-Ling Su
OBJECTIVE: To observe the therapeutic effect of acupuncture at thirteen evil acupoints in patients with hepatic encephalopathy, and to explore its possible mechanism. METHODS: Patients with hepatic encephalopathy were randomly divided into acupuncture group (n=38) and western medicine group (n=36). Patients in the western medicine group were treated by intravenous injection of aspartate ornithine and branched chain amino acids, and those in the acupuncture group were treated with acupuncture at thirteen evil acupoints on the basis of the western medicine...
August 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064071/tuskegee-as-sacred-rhetoric-focal-point-for-the-emergent-field-of-african-american-religion-and-health
#16
Terri Laws
Scholars in African American religion engage the Tuskegee Syphilis Study as the focal point of the African American experience in institutional medicine. Seeking a way forward from this history and its intentional evil, the author proposes to position Tuskegee as a form of Lynch's culturally contextual sacred rhetoric to make use of its metaphoric value in the emerging field of African American religion and health. In this broader meaning-making frame, Tuskegee serves as a reminder that African American religious sensibility has long been an agential resource that counters abuse of the Black body...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058605/important-knowledge-gaps-among-pastoralists-on-causes-and-treatment-of-udder-health-problems-in-livestock-in-southern-ethiopia-results-of-qualitative-investigation
#17
Kebede Amenu, Barbara Szonyi, Delia Grace, Barbara Wieland
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has high prevalences of udder health problems including clinical and subclinical mastitis across production systems in different livestock species. Previous studies on udder health problems have largely focused on identification of mastitis causing microbial pathogens and associated risk factors. However, relatively little is known about the knowledge and beliefs of livestock keepers regarding udder health problems. An understanding of the beliefs on the other hand would facilitate effective communication between livestock keepers and animal health professionals...
October 23, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056646/nib-commentary-on-oncofertility-stories
#18
Becket Gremmels
The authors of these stories describe tales of struggle with cancer and secondary infertility. Yet, they each have a different response to similar circumstances. Their stories touch on a lack of informed consent regarding infertility, spiritual discussions of the problem of evil, the need for improved collaboration among physicians to further care of the whole person, societal norms regarding reproduction and gender roles, the injustice of cancer in young people, and other topics. Of note, no stories mention prominent ethical concerns of in-vitro fertilization like how couples should deal with "extra" frozen embryos or concerns about the potential for commodification of children...
2017: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046119/walking-children-through-a-minefield-how-professionals-experience-exploring-adverse-childhood-experiences
#19
Ane U Albaek, Liv G Kinn, Anne M Milde
Understanding the challenges of professionals in addressing child adversity is key to improving the detection, protection, and care of exposed children. We aimed to synthesize findings from qualitative studies of professionals' lived experience of addressing child adversity. Through a systematic search, we identified eight qualitative studies and synthesized them using metaethnography. We generated three themes, "feeling inadequate," "fear of making it worse," and "facing evil," and one overarching metaphor, "walking children through a minefield...
October 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044350/a-singular-case-of-asphyxia-by-choking-on-a-handkerchief-accidental-event-or-suicide-to-shut-up-spirits
#20
A De Donno, M Marrone, V Santoro, A Ostuni, A Cassano, I Grattagliano, F Introna
Choking in adults can prove fatal, despite resuscitation attempts. The manner of death can be natural, homicide or accident. When a death is due to choking, one must consider what conditions contributed to or predisposed the person to choking (eg. alcohol, drugs and physical and mental impairments). Homicidal deaths by choking are relatively uncommon, being more frequently accidental. The diagnosis of death by choking is made at autopsy when the airway is found occluded. If the individual had an occluded airway and the object or food was removed during resuscitation, the only way to make the diagnosis would be on the history...
September 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
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