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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222022/central-and-peripheral-control-of-food-intake
#1
M M I Abdalla
The maintenance of the body weight at a stable level is a major determinant in keeping the higher animals and mammals survive. Th e body weight depends on the balance between the energy intake and energy expenditure. Increased food intake over the energy expenditure of prolonged time period results in an obesity. Th e obesity has become an important worldwide health problem, even at low levels. The obesity has an evil effect on the health and is associated with a shorter life expectancy. A complex of central and peripheral physiological signals is involved in the control of the food intake...
January 1, 2017: Endocrine Regulations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219376/cooperate-a-paradigm-shift-for-health-equity
#2
REVIEW
Wei-Ching Chang, Joy H Fraser
The role of competition and cooperation in relation to the goal of health equity is examined in this paper. The authors explain why the win-lose mentality associated with avoidable competition is ethically questionable and less effective than cooperation in achieving positive outcomes, particularly as it relates to health and health equity. Competition, which differentiates winners from losers, often with the winner-takes-all reward system, inevitably leads to a few winners and many losers, resulting in social inequality, which, in turn, engenders and perpetuates health inequity...
February 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128818/-conceptualization-of-the-disease-and-some-of-its-designations-the-contribution-of-a-comparative-etymological-study
#3
Walter Lips-Castro
Every cognitive process, including the conceptualization of some perceived facts, such as human disease states, entails both an emotional as an evaluative aspect. Regarding this, cross-cultural research has shown that there are common human value contents. Therefore, in a human phylogenetic context, it is plausible to argue that, along with the development of our language, both the hetero-perception and self-perception of some specific human states have been termed descriptively to communicate their adaptive significance...
January 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116463/-music-pulse-heart-and-sport
#4
REVIEW
E R Gasenzer, R Leischik
Music, with its various elements, such as rhythm, sound and melody had the unique ability even in prehistoric, ancient and medieval times to have a special fascination for humans. Nowadays, it is impossible to eliminate music from our daily lives. We are accompanied by music in shopping arcades, on the radio, during sport or leisure time activities and in wellness therapy. Ritualized drumming was used in the medical sense to drive away evil spirits or to undergo holy enlightenment. Today we experience the varied effects of music on all sensory organs and we utilize its impact on cardiovascular and neurological rehabilitation, during invasive cardiovascular procedures or during physical activities, such as training or work...
January 23, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025658/microorganisms-good-or-evil-mirri-provides-biosecurity-awareness
#5
David Smith, Dunja Martin, Tatyana Novossiolova
The life-science community is a key stakeholder in the effort to ensure that the advances in biotechnology are not misused. Unfortunately, to date, the engagement of life scientists with issues of biosecurity has been limited. Microorganisms have been harnessed for the benefit of humankind but in the wrong hands could be used in direct or indirect acts against humans, livestock, crops, food, water infrastructure and other economically valuable entities. The Microbial Resources Research Infrastructure in its preparatory phase has addressed the topic implementing a code of conduct as part of its programme of prevention of malicious use and continues to work with the international community to raise awareness of best practice to avoid misuse of microorganisms...
December 26, 2016: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008078/an-evil-face-verbal-evaluative-multi-cs-conditioning-enhances-face-evoked-mid-latency-magnetoencephalographic-responses
#6
Markus Junghöfer, Maimu Alissa Rehbein, Julius Maitzen, Sebastian Schindler, Johanna Kissler
Humans have a remarkable capacity for rapid affective learning. For instance, using first-order US such as odors or electric shocks, magnetoencephalography (MEG) studies of multi-CS conditioning demonstrate enhanced early (<150 ms) and mid-latency (150-300 ms) visual evoked responses to affectively conditioned faces, together with changes in stimulus evaluation. However, particularly in social contexts, human affective learning is often mediated by language, a class of complex higher-order US. To elucidate mechanisms of this type of learning, we investigate how face processing changes following verbal evaluative multi-CS conditioning...
December 21, 2016: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917505/might-constraint-be-compatible-with-care-home-care-as-a-situational-ethics
#7
Antoine Hennion, Pierre A Vidal-Naquet
Respecting the autonomy and will of people has legitimately led to strictly control the use of constraint in care activities, and promote a care ethics centred around people's needs and wills. But constraint is underlying in any action aiming at making people do something, even with their consent, especially when their ability to evaluate what is best for them may be altered. Ceaselessly present in care, this ordinary, silent constraint should not be only deemed as a necessary evil to be prevented. In contrast with this legally-based view, the paper adopts a pragmatic perspective...
December 5, 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914303/a-necessary-evil-residential-placement-of-people-with-intellectual-disability-among-the-palestinian-minority-in-israel
#8
Kareem Nasser, Dalia Sachs, Amalia Sa'ar
Among the Palestinian minority in Israel, residential placement of people with intellectual disabilities [ID] is relatively new and steadily increasing, but poorly studied. A qualitative design was used to explore the process of residential placement decision by 18 parents of people with ID through semi-structured interviews. Sampling was purposive and data was analyzed thematically. Four main themes emerged representing parents' perceptions and experiences along the placement decision-making process, together indicating an experience of deeply 'conflicted parenting': (a) initial resistance to placement and its perception as abandonment and parental failure; (b) attrition following cumulative difficulties and lack of assistance; (c) resignation and reframing of placement as a necessary evil; (d) relief mixed with guilt, pain, and ambivalence following placement...
January 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892661/infertility-in-pediatric-cancer-survivors-a-necessary-evil-or-a-potentially-avoidable-sequel
#9
Junior Smith Torres-Roman, Ismael Conislla-Espinoza, Katherin Estefany Gutierrez-Flores, Janina Bazalar-Palacios, Napoleon Paredes-Perez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885037/the-psychologist-the-psychoanalyst-and-the-extraordinary-child-in-postwar-british-science-fiction
#10
Laura Tisdall
A sudden influx of portrayals of 'extraordinary children' emerged in British science fiction after the Second World War. Such children both violated and confirmed the new set of expectations about ordinary childhood that emerged from the findings of developmental psychologists around the same time. Previous work on extraordinary children in both science fiction and horror has tended to confine the phenomenon to an 'evil child boom' within the American filmmaking industry in the 1970s. This article suggests that a much earlier trend is visible in British postwar science fiction texts, analysing a cluster of novels that emerged in the 1950s: Arthur C...
December 2016: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874319/grandiose-and-vulnerable-narcissism-materialism-money-attitudes-and-consumption-preferences
#11
Irena Pilch, Małgorzata E Górnik-Durose
Narcissism is increasingly being investigated in the context of consumer attitudes and behavior. Previous research showed that narcissism is reflected in materialistic tendencies and money-related attitudes. However, almost all of these studies concerned the grandiose type of narcissism. We examined relationships of both grandiose and vulnerable narcissism with materialism, money attitudes, and consumption preferences in a nonstudent sample. The results showed that the two types of narcissism are equally associated with materialism and a tendency to conspicuous (public) consumption...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842979/heart-rate-reduction-for-cardiac-computed-tomography-a-necessary-evil
#12
Pedro de Araújo Gonçalves
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833990/pro-memoria-professor-boles%C3%A5-aw-ja%C3%A5-owy-1906-1943-mortui-viventes-obligant-the-livings-are-obligated-to-the-dead
#13
Andrzej Wincewicz
Professor Bolesław Jałowy (1906-1943) was a chairman of Department of Histology and Embryology at Faculty of Medicine of King John Casimir University (Polish: Universytet Jana Kazimierza: UJK) in Lvov. He succeeded Professor Władysław Szymonowicz (1869-1939) who held this position for decades. As the most skillful followers of his tutor, Bolesław Jałowy was a great investigator of physiology of human tissue, embryogenesis, histological consequences of female sex hormones on blood clotting action as well as regeneration of nerves in addition to description of silver staining technique for reticulin fibers of skin...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808554/triarchic-model-personality-traits-and-their-impact-on-mock-juror-perceptions-of-a-white-collar-criminal-defendant
#14
Allison Rulseh, John F Edens, Jennifer Cox
The triarchic model of psychopathy proposes that this personality disorder is composed of 3 relatively distinct constructs: meanness, disinhibition, and boldness. Although the first 2 components are widely accepted, boldness has generated considerable theoretical debate concerning its relevance-largely due to its association with various ostensibly adaptive characteristics and socially desirable behaviors (e.g., self-reported heroism). But is being bold actually perceived by others as an intrinsically adaptive, socially desirable personality trait? We investigated this question using a novel approach-a jury simulation study that manipulated the level of triarchic traits exhibited by a white-collar criminal...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806533/epidemiologic-correlates-of-chronic-respiratory-infections-in-adults-an-urban-slum-of-bhubaneswar-odisha-india
#15
Sonali Kar, Ipsa Mohapatra, Amrita Konar
INTRODUCTION: Urbanization is marked by emergence of slum areas, wherein migrants from the nearby villages stay in temporary establishments for seeking avenues of employment. These dwellings lack most of the essential living conditions like safe water, healthy living conditions and access to health services. This population is also vulnerable to social evils like alcohol and tobacco addiction. KIMS, a medical college in Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India has an Urban Health Training Centre (UHTC) that caters to a slum population of nearly 12,000 population for their primary health needs...
August 4, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801700/aging-changes-of-the-male-lips-a-lesser-evil-than-in-females
#16
Vincenzo Penna, G Bjoern Stark, Niklas Iblher
BACKGROUND: Although aging changes of the female perioral region and aesthetic procedures for perioral rejuvenation are described in literature, specific data for the male population are lacking. This study aims to evaluate perioral aging process in the male population to compare quality and quantity of the observed changes to the female population. METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of 22 male subjects, were recruited into 2 age groups: young (20-35 years) and old (65-80 years) and the following parameters were measured: length of visible upper lip, thickness of upper lip at the level of vermilion border, thickness of upper lip at the level of the mid lip, and cross-section area of upper lip...
March 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800114/trends-and-patterns-of-sexual-assaults-in-lagos-south-western-nigeria
#17
Oliver Chukwujekwu Ezechi, Zaidat Adesolamusa, Agatha Nkiru David, Agatha Eileen Wapmuk, Titilola Abike Gbajabiamila, Ifeoma Eugeniaidigbe, Paschal Mbanefo Ezeobi, Aigbe Greg Ohihoin, Innocent Achanya Otobo Ujah
INTRODUCTION: Sexual assault is a severely traumatic experience that disproportionally affects women and girls. Yet there is limited information on the subject in our environment. This study was conducted to determine the trend and pattern of sexual assault among Nigerians. METHODS: A retrospective study of sexual assault victims managed at a large clinic in south west Nigeria. Victims were identified from the programme data base and case files retrieved from medical records department...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782942/intraoperative-hyperoxemia-an-unnecessary-evil
#18
Daniel S Martin, Helen T McKenna, Clare M Morkane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773530/is-it-safe-to-vape-analyzing-online-forums-discussing-e-cigarette-use-during-pregnancy
#19
Britta Wigginton, Coral Gartner, Ingrid J Rowlands
INTRODUCTION: Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use, or vaping, is increasing against a backdrop of declining smoking rates. E-cigarettes contain fewer toxicants than cigarettes, but their appearance and mode of use has the potential to satisfy the habitual aspects of smoking. To date, we know little about lay perceptions of the safety of using e-cigarettes in pregnancy. METHODS: We conducted a thematic discourse analysis of 13 online discussion forum threads that discussed e-cigarette use during pregnancy...
January 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773426/peritoneal-or-hemodialysis-for-the-frail-elderly-patient-the-choice-of-2-evils
#20
REVIEW
Edwina A Brown, Frederic O Finkelstein, Osasuyi U Iyasere, Alan S Kliger
Management of older people on dialysis requires focus on the wider aspects of aging as well as dialysis. Almost all frail and older patients receiving dialysis will default to in-center hemodialysis, although the availability of assisted peritoneal dialysis enables dialysis at home. As with any disease management decision, patients approaching end-stage renal disease need all the appropriate facts about their prognosis, the natural history of their disease without dialysis, and the resulting outcomes and complications of the different dialysis modalities...
February 2017: Kidney International
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