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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813775/so-you-want-to-be-a-reviewer
#1
H Bruce Vogt, Victor C Huber, Keith A Hansen
Peer review is a process for evaluating the quality of "work" of a scientist or professional as judged by others in the same or related field. In the context of the biomedical and health sciences, it primarily pertains to review of manuscripts submitted to journals for consideration of publication, abstracts for proposed presentations at professional meetings, and competitive research grant applications. Serving as a reviewer is a scholarly pursuit and a worthwhile endeavor, assuming it is approached in a conscientious, responsible manner...
March 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813620/transitioning-from-paper-to-digital-state-statutory-and-regulatory-frameworks-for-health-information-technology
#2
Cason Schmit, Gregory Sunshine, Dawn Pepin, Tara Ramanathan, Akshara Menon, Matthew Penn
OBJECTIVES: In all health system sectors, electronic health information (EHI) is created, used, released, and reused. We examined states' efforts to address EHI uses in law to provide an understanding of the EHI legal environment. METHODS: Attorney researchers used WestlawNext to search for EHI-related statutes and regulations of the US states, US territories, and the District of Columbia in effect as of January 2014. The researchers independently catalogued provisions by the EHI use described in the law...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813437/a-systematic-review-of-the-relationship-between-internet-use-self-harm-and-suicidal-behaviour-in-young-people-the-good-the-bad-and-the-unknown
#3
Amanda Marchant, Keith Hawton, Ann Stewart, Paul Montgomery, Vinod Singaravelu, Keith Lloyd, Nicola Purdy, Kate Daine, Ann John
BACKGROUND: Research exploring internet use and self-harm is rapidly expanding amidst concerns regarding influences of on-line activities on self-harm and suicide, especially in young people. We aimed to systematically review evidence regarding the potential influence of the internet on self-harm/suicidal behaviour in young people. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review based on an electronic search for articles published between 01/01/2011 and 26/01/2015 across databases including Medline, Cochrane and PsychInfo...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812958/a-microcosting-study-of-establishing-a-baby-caf%C3%A3-%C3%A2-in-texas
#4
Rigoberto I Delgado, Sara L Gill
BACKGROUND: This article focuses on the costs of opening and running a Baby Café. A Baby Café is an intervention that focuses on providing peer-to-peer support for breastfeeding mothers. Research aim: This study aimed to estimate the costs of establishing and running a Baby Café. METHODS: The authors used a microcosting approach to identifying costs using the case of a Baby Café located in San Antonio, Texas, and modeled after other existing cafés in the United States...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812642/ipbes-calls-for-peer-review-of-its-draft-assessments
#5
Anne Larigauderie, Robert T Watson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812275/a-method-for-improving-the-integrity-of-peer-review
#6
Mehdi Dadkhah, Mohsen Kahani, Glenn Borchardt
Peer review is the most important aspect of reputable journals. Without it, we would be unsure about whether the material published was as valid and reliable as is possible. However, with the advent of the Internet, scientific literature has now become subject to a relatively new phenomenon: fake peer reviews. Some dishonest researchers have been manipulating the peer review process to publish what are often inferior papers. There are even papers that explain how to do it. This paper discusses one of those methods and how editors can defeat it by using a special review ID...
August 15, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811221/is-the-hype-around-the-reproductive-health-claims-of-maca-lepidium-meyenii-walp-justified
#7
REVIEW
Shruti Beharry, Michael Heinrich
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Maca - Lepidium meyenii Walp has been cultivated and used by Andean people for over 1,300 to 2000 years in Peru as food and medicine. Starting in the late 1990's it has developed into an important herbal medicine in China and is now cultivated there widely, too. AIM OF STUDY: This study aims to provide an insight into the emergence of maca on the global market as an alternative remedy to treat reproductive health related problems in both men and women and to critically assess these health claims...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811078/mentoring-models-in-neurosurgical-training-review-of-literature
#8
REVIEW
Taiwo Akhigbe, Ardalan Zolnourian, Diederik Bulters
BACKGROUND: Effective mentoring is an invaluable element in the development of next generation of neurosurgeons. A mentor helps to develop professional core values, technical and non-technical skills, attitudes and disposition required to be qualified and competent neurosurgeon. Giving the invaluable significance of mentoring in neurosurgery, we undertook this literature review to identify mentoring models evaluating its success and relative benefit. METHODS: Literature search identified using MeSH word 'mentor', mentoring, mentorship, mentoring model, neurosurgery' in MEDLINE, EMBASE and Scopus databases from 1990 to 2016...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811057/an-integrative-review-of-social-determinants-of-health-assessment-and-screening-tools-used-in-pediatrics
#9
REVIEW
Jennifer Morone
PROBLEM: Social and physical contexts which make up social determinants of health (SDOH) have tremendous impacts on youth development, health and well-being. Despite knowledge and evidence of these impacts, few pediatric SDOH screening tools are known. The purpose of this review was to identify and evaluate available pediatric SDOH screening tools. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Articles were limited to studies in the English language, with pediatric populations, conducted in the United States, and were peer-reviewed, primary studies...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810806/evaluating-structural-change-approaches-to-health-promotion-an-exploratory-scoping-review-of-a-decade-of-u-s-progress
#10
Yuka Asada, Lisa D Lieberman, Leah C Neubauer, Rosie Hanneke, Michael C Fagen
Structural change approaches-also known as policy and environmental changes-are becoming increasingly common in health promotion, yet our understanding of how to evaluate them is still limited. An exploratory scoping review of the literature was conducted to understand approaches and methods used to evaluate structural change interventions in health promotion and public health literature. Two analysts-along with health sciences librarian consultation-searched PubMed, Web of Science, and EMBASE for peer-reviewed U...
August 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810436/employment-and-multiple-sclerosis-a-meta-analytic-review-of-psychological-correlates
#11
Diana S Dorstyn, Rachel M Roberts, Gregory Murphy, Rebecca Haub
The association between employment and psychological health in adults with multiple sclerosis was examined ( N = 33 studies). Standardised mean differences (Hedges' g) between those employed and those not in the workforce were calculated. Employed peers reported significantly greater quality of life and mood, cited fewer work and multiple sclerosis-related difficulties and were more likely to adopt problem-focused coping strategies, considered to be more effective in managing specific stressors. These data are consistent with the positive by-products of maintaining work with multiple sclerosis...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810023/characteristics-of-preapproval-and-postapproval-studies-for-drugs-granted-accelerated-approval-by-the-us-food-and-drug-administration
#12
Huseyin Naci, Katelyn R Smalley, Aaron S Kesselheim
Importance: Drugs treating serious or life-threatening conditions can receive US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accelerated approval based on showing an effect in surrogate measures that are only reasonably likely to predict clinical benefit. Confirmatory trials are then required to determine whether these effects translate to clinical improvements. Objective: To characterize preapproval and confirmatory clinical trials of drugs granted accelerated approval...
August 15, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809754/associations-of-built-environment-and-children-s-physical-activity-a-narrative-review
#13
Houshmand E Masoumi
PROBLEM: Childhood obesity has been an epidemic particularly in high-income countries. There is a considerable volume of data and studies depicting the rising number of obese children and adolescents in different countries. As suggested by the literature, physical inactivity is one the main drivers of childhood obesity. This paper addresses the associations of the built environment with physical activity of children in order to find to theoretically facilitate intervention and prevention measures...
August 15, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809653/effectiveness-of-environment-based-interventions-that-address-behavior-perception-and-falls-in-people-with-alzheimer-s-disease-and-related-major-neurocognitive-disorders-a-systematic-review
#14
Lou Jensen, René Padilla
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review evaluated the effectiveness of environment-based interventions that address behavior, perception, and falls in the home and other settings for people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related major neurocognitive disorders (NCDs). METHOD: Database searches were limited to outcomes studies published in English in peer-reviewed journals between January 2006 and April 2014. RESULTS: A total of 1,854 articles were initially identified, of which 42 met inclusion criteria...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809644/-endoprosthesis-infections-guidelines-for-antibiotic-therapy-common-guidelines-of-the-czech-society-for-orthopaedics-and-traumatology-and-the-society-for-infectious-diseases-of-the-czech-medical-association-of-j-e-purkyn%C3%A4
#15
D Musil, M Balejová, M Horníková, A Chrdle, N Mallátová, O Nyč, V Chmelík, J Gallo, D Jahoda, J Stehlík
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY This study aims to articulate regional guidelines for curative and suppressive antibiotic therapy of total joint replacement infections. MATERIAL AND METHODS When developing the standard, used as source materials were the published foreign guidelines for antibiotic therapy of prosthetic joint infections, the analysis of resistance of bacterial strains conducted in the Hospital in České Budějovice, a.s. and the assessment of strain resistance for the Czech Republic published by the European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network (EARS-Net)...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809011/some-thoughts-on-experimental-design
#16
Claudio D Stern
Perhaps even more important than the techniques themselves are the quality of the biological questions asked and the design of the experiments devised to answer them. This chapter summarizes some of the key issues and also touches on how the same principles affect scholarly use of the scientific literature and good peer-reviewing practices.
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807850/anti-hiv-activity-of-southern-african-plants-current-developments-phytochemistry-and-future-research
#17
REVIEW
Gerhard Prinsloo, Cynthia K Marokane, Renée A Street
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The African continent is home to a large number of higher plant species used over centuries for many applications, which include treating and managing diseases such as HIV. Due to the overwhelming prevalence and incidence rates of HIV, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, it is necessary to develop new and affordable treatments. AIM OF THE STUDY: The article provides an extensive overview of the status on investigation of plants from the southern African region with ethnobotanical use for treating HIV or HIV-related symptoms, or the management of HIV...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807702/factors-associated-with-use-of-u-s-community-based-palliative-care-for-children-with-life-limiting-or-life-threatening-illnesses-and-their-families-an-integrative-review
#18
REVIEW
Jackelyn Y Boyden, Martha A Q Curley, Janet A Deatrick, Mary Ersek
CONTEXT: As children with life-limiting and life-threatening illnesses live longer, challenges to meeting their complex health care needs arise in homes and communities, as well as in hospitals. Integrated knowledge regarding community-based pediatric palliative care (CBPPC) is needed to strategically plan for a seamless continuum of care for children and their families. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this integrative review paper is to explore factors that are associated with the use of CBPPC for U...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806728/costing-evidence-for-health-care-decision-making-in-austria-a-systematic-review
#19
Susanne Mayer, Noemi Kiss, Agata Łaszewska, Judit Simon
BACKGROUND: With rising healthcare costs comes an increasing demand for evidence-informed resource allocation using economic evaluations worldwide. Furthermore, standardization of costing and reporting methods both at international and national levels are imperative to make economic evaluations a valid tool for decision-making. The aim of this review is to assess the availability and consistency of costing evidence that could be used for decision-making in Austria. It describes systematically the current economic evaluation and costing studies landscape focusing on the applied costing methods and their reporting standards...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806372/exploring-rural-disparities-in-medical-diagnoses-among-veterans-with-transgender-related-diagnoses-utilizing-veterans-health-administration-care
#20
Leigh A Bukowski, John Blosnich, Jillian C Shipherd, Michael R Kauth, George R Brown, Adam J Gordon
OBJECTIVES: Research shows transgender individuals experience pronounced health disparities compared with their nontransgender peers. Yet, there remains insufficient research about health differences within transgender populations. This study seeks to fill this gap by exploring how current urban/rural status is associated with lifetime diagnosis of mood disorder, alcohol dependence disorder, illicit drug abuse disorder, tobacco use, posttraumatic stress disorder, human immunodeficiency virus, and suicidal ideation or attempt among veterans with transgender-related diagnoses...
September 2017: Medical Care
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