keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Peer reviewed

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782384/breastfeeding-uncovering-barriers-and-offering-solutions
#1
Stephanie Sayres, Lisa Visentin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months after an infant is born. Although the recommendations are well known, mothers face barriers that make breastfeeding difficult. This article reviews the recent literature on barriers to breastfeeding as well as strategies for pediatricians to use to help women overcome them. RECENT FINDINGS: The mode of delivery, mother's socioeconomic status, return to work, and prenatal breastfeeding education have been reported as factors that influence breastfeeding...
May 17, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781967/qualitative-research-in-correctional-settings-researcher-bias-western-ideological-influences-and-social-justice
#2
Morgan Wadams, Tanya Park
Within correctional settings, justice, health, and academic systems overlap for forensic nurse researchers. Within an environment that stresses social control, a researcher's implicit views, perspectives, and biases can lead to altering the authentic (re)presentation of a participant's experience. Researcher bias may be influenced by predominately western ideologies and societal discourses. Qualitative methods to mitigate and raise awareness around researcher biases include bracketing, unstructured interviews, diverse peer review, thinking inductively, investigator responsiveness, and critical reflexivity...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781966/health-outcomes-of-youth-in-the-united-states-exposed-to-parental-incarceration-an-integrative-review
#3
Samantha J Boch, Jodi L Ford
In the United States, parental incarceration (PI) has been increasingly recognized as an understudied adverse childhood experience. In response, a rapidly expanding body of research has begun to investigate the effects of PI on youth mental and physical health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this integrative review was to synthesize recent quantitative evidence investigating the effects of PI on youths' mental and physical health outcomes. DESIGN AND MEASURES: Electronic strategies were used to find relevant quantitative articles published between September 2006 and 2016 using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses-Equity guidelines...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781693/collaborative-postgraduate-training-in-family-medicine-and-primary-care-reflections-on-my-visit-to-south-africa
#4
Felicity Goodyear-Smith
This reflection describes my funded visit to South Africa to assist in primary care research capacity building as Chair, WONCA Working Party on Research (WP-R). The trip included time at the Universities of Walter Sisulu, Limpopo and Stellenbosch to mentor postgraduate students working on master's and PhD theses. I held one-on-one and group sessions and ran interactive scientific writing workshops. I assisted with the establishment of a Stellenbosch University Family Physician Research Network of faculty academics and family physicians (FP) which will generate research questions from community stakeholders...
April 26, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781283/guidelines-for-reviewers-of-the-spanish-journal-of-gastroenterology-reed
#5
Javier A Cienfuegos, Enrique Pérez-Cuadrado Martínez
The peer review continues to be the most widespread procedure in the evaluation of scientific papers. We present the evaluation criteria of original articles and the responsibilities of the reviewers regarding the authors and the Editor.
May 21, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781173/discourse-and-cognition-in-speakers-with-acquired-brain-injury-abi-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Elizabeth Hill, Mary Claessen, Anne Whitworth, Mark Boyes, Roslyn Ward
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment, particularly of executive functioning, has been implicated in deficits in spoken discourse production following acquired brain injury (ABI). However, due to variation in the methodologies and heterogeneity of findings across studies, the nature and extent of this association is not well understood. AIMS: This review aims to synthesize the literature investigating associations between cognitive deficits and discourse impairment after ABI...
May 20, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780929/optiwave-refractive-analysis-may-not-work-well-in-patients-with-previous-history-of-radial-keratotomy
#7
Fuxiang Zhang
Purpose: To report a case of significant hyperopic outcome (both eyes) following Optiwave Refractive Analysis (ORA) intraocular lens (IOL) power recommendation in a cataract patient with history of 8 cut radial keratotomy (RK) in each eye. Observations: It is hypothesized that increased intraocular pressure (IOP) from phacoemulsification could make the RK cuts swell, and change cornea shape intraoperatively. In this unique scenario, the corneal curvature readings from ORA could be quite different from preoperative readings or from stabilized postoperative corneal measurements...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780892/understanding-barriers-to-the-introduction-of-precision-medicines-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-qualitative-interview-protocol
#8
Stuart Wright, Gavin Daker-White, William Newman, Katherine Payne
Background: While precision medicines targeting genetic mutations and alterations in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have been available since 2010, their adoption into clinical practice has been slow. Evidence suggests that a number of barriers, such as insufficient clinician knowledge, a need for training of test providers, or a lack of specific clinical guidelines, may slow the implementation of precision in general. However, little attention has been given to the barriers to providing precision medicines in NSCLC...
2018: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780336/brain-training-in-children-and-adolescents-is-it-scientifically-valid
#9
REVIEW
Teresa Rossignoli-Palomeque, Elena Perez-Hernandez, Javier González-Marqués
Background: Brain training products are becoming increasingly popular for children and adolescents. Despite the marketing aimed at their use in the general population, these products may provide more benefits for specific neurologically impaired populations. A review of Brain Training (BT) products analyzing their efficacy while considering the methodological limitations of supporting research is required for practical applications. Method: searches were made of the PubMed database (until March 2017) for studies including: (1) empirical data on the use of brain training for children or adolescents and any effects on near transfer (NT) and/or far transfer (FT) and/or neuroplasticity, (2) use of brain training for cognitive training purposes, (3) commercially available training applications, (4) computer-based programs for children developed since the 1990s, and (5) relevant printed and peer-reviewed material...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780034/improving-predictive-asthma-algorithms-with-modelled-environment-data-for-scotland-an-observational-cohort-study-protocol
#10
Ireneous N Soyiri, Aziz Sheikh, Stefan Reis, Kimberly Kavanagh, Massimo Vieno, Tom Clemens, Edward J Carnell, Jiafeng Pan, Abby King, Rachel C Beck, Hester J T Ward, Chris Dibben, Chris Robertson, Colin R Simpson
INTRODUCTION: Asthma has a considerable, but potentially, avoidable burden on many populations globally. Scotland has some of the poorest health outcomes from asthma. Although ambient pollution, weather changes and sociodemographic factors have been associated with asthma attacks, it remains unclear whether modelled environment data and geospatial information can improve population-based asthma predictive algorithms. We aim to create the afferent loop of a national learning health system for asthma in Scotland...
May 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780029/evaluation-of-an-intervention-programme-addressing-ability-to-perform-activities-of-daily-living-among-persons-with-chronic-conditions-study-protocol-for-a-feasibility-trial-able
#11
Susanne Guidetti, Kristina Tomra Nielsen, Cecilie von Bülow, Marc Sampedro Pilegaard, Louise Klokker, Eva Ejlersen Wæhrens
INTRODUCTION: The number of persons living with a chronic condition is increasing worldwide. Conditions are considered chronic when lasting 1 year or more and requiring ongoing medical attention and/or limiting activities of daily living (ADL). Besides medical treatment, physical exercise to improve body functions is recommended and prescribed. However, improvements in body functions do not necessarily improve ability to perform ADL. Thus, it is necessary to develop interventions aiming directly at enhancing ADL ability...
May 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780028/induced-endometrial-trauma-endometrial-scratch-in-the-mid-luteal-menstrual-cycle-phase-preceding-first-cycle-ivf-icsi-versus-usual-ivf-icsi-therapy-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Clare Pye, Robin Chatters, Judith Cohen, Kate Brian, Ying C Cheong, Susan Laird, Lamiya Mohiyiddeen, Jonathan Skull, Stephen Walters, Tracey Young, Mostafa Metwally
INTRODUCTION: Endometrial trauma commonly known as endometrial scratch (ES) has been shown to improve pregnancy rates in women with a history of repeated implantation failure undergoing in vitro fertilisation (IVF), with or without intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). However, the procedure has not yet been fully explored in women having IVF/ICSI for the first time. This study aims to examine the effect of performing an ES in the mid-luteal phase prior to a first-time IVF/ICSI cycle on the chances of achieving a clinical pregnancy and live birth...
May 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779551/emerging-roles-for-peer-providers-in-mental-health-and-substance-use-disorders
#13
Susan A Chapman, Lisel K Blash, Kimberly Mayer, Joanne Spetz
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to identify and assess states with best practices in peer provider workforce development and employment. A growing body of research demonstrates that peer providers with lived experience contribute positively to the treatment and recovery of individuals with behavioral health needs. Increased employment opportunities have led to policy concerns about training, certification, roles, and reimbursement for peer provider services. METHODS: A case study approach included a national panel of subject matter experts who suggested best practice states...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779468/the-next-popular-felasa-congress-10-13-june-2019-prague
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Laboratory Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777749/burden-of-liver-disease-in-europe-epidemiology-and-analysis-of-risk-factors-to-identify-prevention-policies
#15
REVIEW
Laura Pimpin, Helena Cortez-Pinto, Francesco Negro, Emily Corbould, Jeffrey V Lazarus, Laura Webber, Nick Sheron
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The burden of liver disease in Europe continues to grow. We aimed to describe the epidemiology of liver diseases and their risk factors in European countries, and identify public health interventions that could impact on these risk factors to reduce the burden of liver disease. METHODS: As part of the HEPAHEALTH project, commissioned by EASL, we extracted information on historical and current prevalence and mortality from national and international literature and databases on liver disease in 35 countries in the WHO European region, as well as historical and recent prevalence data on their main determinants; alcohol consumption, obesity and hepatitis B and C virus infections...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777451/telemedicine-based-system-for-quality-management-and-peer-review-in-radiology
#16
Sergey Morozov, Ekaterina Guseva, Natalya Ledikhova, Anton Vladzymyrskyy, Dmitry Safronov
OBJECTIVES: Quality assurance is the key component of modern radiology. A telemedicine-based quality assurance system helps to overcome the "scoring" approach and makes the quality control more accessible and objective. METHODS: A concept for quality assurance in radiology is developed. Its realization is a set of strategies, actions, and tools. The latter is based on telemedicine-based peer review of 23,199 computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images...
May 18, 2018: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776921/determining-the-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-coverage-required-for-indirect-protection-against-vaccine-type-pneumococcal-carriage-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-protocol-for-a-prospective-observational-study
#17
Jocelyn Chan, Cattram D Nguyen, Jana Y R Lai, Eileen M Dunne, Ross Andrews, Christopher C Blyth, Siddhartha Datta, Kim Fox, Rebecca Ford, Jason Hinds, Sophie La Vincente, Deborah Lehmann, Ruth Lim, Tuya Mungun, Paul N Newton, Rattanaphone Phetsouvanh, Willam S Pomat, Anonh Xeuatvongsa, Claire von Mollendorf, David A B Dance, Catherine Satzke, Kim Muholland, Fiona M Russell
INTRODUCTION: Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) prevent disease through both direct protection of vaccinated individuals and indirect protection of unvaccinated individuals by reducing nasopharyngeal (NP) carriage and transmission of vaccine-type (VT) pneumococci. While the indirect effects of PCV vaccination are well described, the PCV coverage required to achieve the indirect effects is unknown. We will investigate the relationship between PCV coverage and VT carriage among undervaccinated children using hospital-based NP pneumococcal carriage surveillance at three sites in Asia and the Pacific...
May 18, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776523/comparison-of-self-report-and-objective-measures-of-driving-behavior-and-road-safety-a-systematic-review
#18
Sherrie-Anne Kaye, Ioni Lewis, James Freeman
INTRODUCTION: This research systematically reviewed the existing literature in regards to studies which have used both self-report and objective measures of driving behavior. The objective of the current review was to evaluate disparities or similarities between self-report and objective measures of driving behavior. METHODS: Searches were undertaken in the following electronic databases, PsycINFO, PubMed, and Scopus, for peer-reviewed full-text articles that (1) focused on road safety, and (2) compared both subjective and objective measures of driving performance or driver safety...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776332/telnet-a-database-for-human-and-yeast-genes-involved-in-telomere-maintenance
#19
Delia M Braun, Inn Chung, Nick Kepper, Katharina I Deeg, Karsten Rippe
BACKGROUND: The ends of linear chromosomes, the telomeres, comprise repetitive DNA sequences in complex with proteins that protects them from being processed by the DNA repair machinery. Cancer cells need to counteract the shortening of telomere repeats during replication for their unlimited proliferation by reactivating the reverse transcriptase telomerase or by using the alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT) pathway. The different telomere maintenance (TM) mechanisms appear to involve hundreds of proteins but their telomere repeat length related activities are only partly understood...
May 18, 2018: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775403/radiotherapy-of-meningioma-a-treatment-in-need-of-radiobiological-research
#20
Valentina Pinzi, Ilaria Bisogno, Francesco Prada, Emilio Ciusani, Laura Fariselli
PURPOSE: Meningiomas account for one third of primary intracranial tumors, nevertheless information on meningioma cell lines and in vivo models is scant. Although radiotherapy is one of the most relevant therapeutic options for the treatment patients with meningioma, radiobiological research to understand tumor responses to this treatment is far from being thoroughly understood. The aim of this report is to provide a comprehensive picture of the current literature on this field, so as to foster s research in this regard...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Biology
keyword
keyword
37735
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"