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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566674/the-role-of-active-brown-adipose-tissue-abat-in-lipid-metabolism-in-healthy-chinese-adults
#1
Xiaoliang Shao, Wei Yang, Xiaonan Shao, Chun Qiu, Xiaosong Wang, Yuetao Wang
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dyslipidemia in China was increased over the last several years. Studies have shown that the activity of aBAT is related to the lipid metabolism. In this study, we analyzed blood lipid level in tumor-free healthy Chinese adults in order to determine the role of aBAT in lipid metabolism. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the factors that affect the blood lipid level in 717 tumor-free healthy adults who received blood lipid measurement and PET/CT scan by multivariate regression analysis...
2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494444/prevalence-of-potential-familial-hypercholesteremia-fh-in-54-811-statin-treated-patients-in-clinical-practice
#2
Alberico L Catapano, Dominik Lautsch, Lale Tokgözoglu, Jean Ferrieres, Martin Horack, Michel Farnier, Peter P Toth, Philippe Brudi, Joanne E Tomassini, Baishali Ambegaonkar, Anselm K Gitt
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a life-threatening disease, characterized by elevated LDL-C levels and a premature, increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) that is globally underdiagnosed. The percentage of patients with possible or probable FH in various countries was examined in the Dyslipidemia International Study (DYSIS). METHODS: DYSIS is a multinational, cross-sectional observational study of 54,811 adult outpatients treated with statin therapy...
September 2016: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27389630/vaccine-strategies-for-lowering-ldl-by-immunization-against-proprotein-convertase-subtilisin-kexin-type-9
#3
Bryce Chackerian, Alan Remaley
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: mAbs targeting proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) have the potential to become groundbreaking therapies for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia. However, one major drawback of mAb-based therapy for a chronic condition like dyslipidemia is its relatively high cost. This review summarizes two recent studies describing novel vaccine approaches for lowering LDL-cholesterol by active immunization against PCSK9. RECENT FINDINGS: PCSK9 is a plasma protein secreted by the liver that controls cholesterol homeostasis by enhancing endosomal and lysosomal degradation of the LDL receptor...
August 2016: Current Opinion in Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27298669/acute-myocardial-infarction-in-a-26-year-old-patient-with-familial-hypercholesteremia
#4
Takeshi Miyayama, Shin-Ichiro Miura, Tomo Komaki, Takashi Kuwano, Joji Morii, Hiroaki Nishikawa, Keijiro Saku
A 26-year-old male suffered sustained chest pain. Electrocardiogram showed ST-segment elevation in the anteroseptal wall and reciprocal ST-segment change in the inferior wall. The troponin-I level and the white blood cell count were elevated. We gave a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. He underwent urgent coronary angiography, which revealed 90% diffuse stenosis in the middle right coronary artery and total occlusion in the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD). Since the electrocardiogram indicated that the culprit lesion was in the proximal LAD, we performed percutaneous coronary intervention...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27228696/-modern-conceptions-about-the-possible-impact-of-palm-oil-on-human-health
#5
REVIEW
O S Medvedev, N A Medvedeva
Review of the scientific literature on the evidence of the relationship between palm oil (PO) and its components and adverse effects on human health, on the mechanisms of cholesterol control and risks for development of cardiovascular diseases. PO is solid or semisolid at room temperature and often is used as a natural substitute for partially hydrogenated vegetable oils containing trans fatty acids which increase risks of hypercholesteremia. PO contains both saturated and unsaturated fats as well as substances with antioxidant activity...
2016: Voprosy Pitaniia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27177316/treatment-interruption-after-2-year-antiretroviral-treatment-initiated-during-acute-early-hiv-in-infancy
#6
Dalton Wamalwa, Sarah Benki-Nugent, Agnes Langat, Kenneth Tapia, Evelyn Ngugi, Helen Moraa, Elizabeth Maleche-Obimbo, Vincent Otieno, Irene Inwani, Barbra A Richardson, Bhavna Chohan, Julie Overbaugh, Grace C John-Stewart
OBJECTIVE: Treatment interruption has been well tolerated and durable in some pediatric studies but none have compared treatment interruption with continued antiretroviral treatment (ART) following ART initiation in early HIV. The objective of this study was to compare outcomes in treatment interruption versus continued ART among early-treated infants. DESIGN: Randomized trial (OPH-03; NCT00428116). METHODS: The trial included HIV-infected infants who initiated ART at less than 13 months of age, received ART for 24 months, and, if eligible (CD4% >25%, normal growth), were randomized to treatment interruption versus continued ART...
September 24, 2016: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26632690/end-stage-renal-disease-as-a-potential-risk-factor-for-retinal-vein-occlusion
#7
San-Ni Chen, Te-Cheng Yang, Jian-Teng Lin, Ie-Bin Lian
End stage renal disease (ESRD) has been reported to be an important risk factor for systemic vascular disease. Retinal vein occlusion (RVO) is closely related with cardiovascular diseases; however, its association with ESRD had not been reported. The aim of the study was to investigate whether ESRD is a risk factor for RVO, including central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) and branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). This population-based study is based on the longitudinal data from Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database...
November 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25983325/spontaneous-and-diet-aggravated-hemolysis-and-its-correction-by-probucol-in-sr-bi-knockout-mice-with-ldl-r-deficiency
#8
Jiawei Liao, Mingming Gao, Mengyu Wang, Xin Guo, Wei Huang, George Liu
BACKGROUND: High density lipoprotein receptor SR-BI plays a vital role in cholesterol homeostasis. Depletion of SR-BI causes plasma free cholesterol (FC) accumulation, which disrupts erythrocytes membrane and might induce hemolytic anemia. Here we explored the effects of hypercholesteremia, induced by depletion of low density lipoprotein receptor (LDL-R) and high fat diet (HFD) feeding, on plasma FC and possible hemolysis in SR-BI knockout (KO) mice, and the therapeutic effects of a lipid-lowering drug probucol...
July 17, 2015: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25880842/clonorchis-sinensis-acetoacetyl-coa-thiolase-identification-and-characterization-of-its-potential-role-in-surviving-in-the-bile-duct
#9
Jinsi Lin, Hongling Qu, Guishan Chen, Lei He, Yanquan Xu, Zhizhi Xie, Mengyu Ren, Jiufeng Sun, Shan Li, Wenjun Chen, Xueqing Chen, Xiaoyun Wang, Xuerong Li, Chi Liang, Yan Huang, Xinbing Yu
BACKGROUND: Clonorchis sinensis (C. sinensis) inhabits in bile duct of the host. However, the mechanisms involved in why C. sinensis can survive in the bile environment containing lipids have not yet been explored. In this study, C. sinensis acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase (CsACAT), a member of the thiolase family which has a key role in the beta oxidation pathway of fatty acid production, was identified and characterized to understand its potential role in adapting to the bile environment. METHODS: The encoding sequence, conserved domains and spatial structure of CsACAT were identified and analyzed by bioinformatic tools...
2015: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25779265/clonorchis-sinensis-acetoacetyl-coa-thiolase-identification-and-characterization-of-its-potential-role-in-surviving-in-the-bile-duct
#10
Jinsi Lin, Hongling Qu, Guishan Chen, Lei He, Yanquan Xu, Zhizhi Xie, Mengyu Ren, Jiufeng Sun, Shan Li, Wenjun Chen, Xueqing Chen, Xiaoyun Wang, Xuerong Li, Chi Liang, Yan Huang, Xinbing Yu
BACKGROUND: Clonorchis sinensis (C. sinensis) inhabits in bile duct of the host. However, the mechanisms involved in why C. sinensis can survive in the bile environment containing lipids have not yet been explored. In this study, C. sinensis acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase (CsACAT), a member of the thiolase family which has a key role in the beta oxidation pathway of fatty acid production, was identified and characterized to understand its potential role in adapting to the bile environment. METHODS: The encoding sequence, conserved domains and spatial structure of CsACAT were identified and analyzed by bioinformatic tools...
December 2015: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25624570/animal-models-of-erectile-dysfunction
#11
REVIEW
Snehlata V Gajbhiye, Kshitij S Jadhav, Padmaja A Marathe, Dattatray B Pawar
Animal models have contributed to a great extent to understanding and advancement in the field of sexual medicine. Many current medical and surgical therapies in sexual medicine have been tried based on these animal models. Extensive literature search revealed that the compiled information is limited. In this review, we describe various experimental models of erectile dysfunction (ED) encompassing their procedures, variables of assessment, advantages and disadvantages. The search strategy consisted of review of PubMed based articles...
January 2015: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25586614/exercise-protects-against-pcb-induced-inflammation-and-associated-cardiovascular-risk-factors
#12
Margaret O Murphy, Michael C Petriello, Sung Gu Han, Manjula Sunkara, Andrew J Morris, Karyn Esser, Bernhard Hennig
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are persistent environmental pollutants that contribute to the initiation of cardiovascular disease. Exercise has been shown to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease; however, whether exercise can modulate PCB-induced vascular endothelial dysfunction and associated cardiovascular risk factors is unknown. We examined the effects of exercise on coplanar PCB-induced cardiovascular risk factors including oxidative stress, inflammation, impaired glucose tolerance, hypercholesteremia, and endothelium-dependent relaxation...
February 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25382353/low-serum-adiponectin-levels-are-associated-with-reduced-insulin-sensitivity-and-lipid-disturbances-in-short-children-born-small-for-gestational-age
#13
Yuefang Huang, Yanhong Li, Qiuli Chen, Hongshan Chen, Huamei Ma, Zhe Su, Minlian Du
BACKGROUND: Being born as small for gestational age (SGA) has an increased risk of developing metabolic/cardiovascular disturbances in later life. The role of adiponectin in the metabolic disturbance in SGA children remained undefined. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between serum levels of adiponectin and insulin sensitivity as well as lipid profile in short children born SGA at prepubertal ages. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Serum levels of adiponectin, fasting glucose, insulin, IGF-I, IGFBP-1, total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), triglycerides (TG), apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I) and Apo B were measured in 30 prepubertal short children born SGA...
July 2015: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25339541/robinetinidol-flavone-attenuates-cholesterol-synthesis-in-hepatoma-cells-via-inhibition-of-3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme-a-reductase
#14
Hai Niu, Yu Chao, Ke Li, Junxiang Li, Weihong Gong, Wen Huang
Robinetinidol-(4β,2')-tetrahydroxy-flavone (RBF) is an oligomeric condensed polyphenol that has been shown to exhibit anti-obesity effects in mice. However, little is know regarding its effect on cholesterol synthesis. The present study therefore aimed to investigate the effect of RBF on cholesterol synthesis. It was determined that RBF decreased serum total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein cholesterol in rats by 25.9 and 50.8%, respectively (P<0.001). These results strengthen evidence for the hypothesis that RBF exerts anti-atherogenic effects in vivo...
January 2015: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25300997/upregulated-expression-of-human-alpha-defensins-1-2-and-3-in-hypercholesteremia-and-its-relationship-with-serum-lipid-levels
#15
Yun-Xi Li, Chao-Qun Lin, Da-Yu Shi, Shu-Ying Zeng, Wen-Sheng Li
Human alpha-defensins are natural antimicrobial peptides of neutrophils evolved in host defense reactions and circulating nonstressed alpha-defensins may be associated with serum lipid levels. The aim of this work was to examine whether the expression of alpha-defensins 1, 2 and 3 genes are changed and whether this changes are reversed following treatment in patients with hypercholesteremia. A total of 40 individuals of hypercholesteremia group were studied, compared with 40 individuals of normal control group...
November 2014: Human Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25214977/clinical-factors-in-patients-with-ischemic-versus-hemorrhagic-stroke-in-east-china
#16
Jing Zhang, Yao Wang, Gan-Nan Wang, Hao Sun, Tao Sun, Jian-Quan Shi, Hang Xiao, Jin-Song Zhang
BACKGROUND: Stroke is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity of vascular diseases, and its incidence maintains at a high level around the world. In China, stroke has been a major public health problem. Because the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke is different from that of hemorrhagic stroke, their clinical factors would not be the same. Therefore to investigate the different effects of various effect factors on ischemic versus hemorrhagic stroke and then to enhance the prevention are crucial to decrease the incidence...
2011: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25206497/ischemic-stroke-susceptibility-gene-in-a-northern-han-chinese-population
#17
Haiping Wang, Shujuan Shi, Wenjing Yan, Yan Song, Jingjing Zhan, Chen Zhang, Haiji Wang
Interleukin-18 gene promoter polymorphisms are potential risk factors for ischemic cerebrovascular disease, and the -607C allele may increase ischemic stroke risk in the Han Chinese population. In the present study, we recruited 291 patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease from the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University Medical College, China, and 226 healthy controls. Both patients and controls were from the Han population in northern China. Immunoresonance scattering assays detected increased serum amyloid A protein, C-reactive protein, and interleukin-18 levels in ischemic cerebrovascular disease patients compared with healthy controls...
July 15, 2013: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24941162/antidiabetic-potential-of-polysaccharides-from-the-white-oyster-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-pleurotus-florida-higher-basidiomycetes
#18
Aditya Ganeshpurkar, Seema Kohli, Gopal Rai
This study was designed to examine the antihyperglycemic potential of the polysaccharide fraction of Pleurotus florida. Hyperglycemia was induced by streptozotocin (50 mg/kg intraperitoneal). Single- and multiple-dose studies were performed to assess the antihyperglycemic potential of the P. florida polysaccharides (PFPs). Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development guideline 423 was followed to study the acute toxicity of PFP. PFP was found to be nontoxic up to 4000 mg/kg. In this investigation, 200- and 400-mg/kg doses of PFP were used...
2014: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24860217/a-placebo-controlled-trial-on-add-on-modafinil-on-the-anti-psychotic-treatment-emergent-hyperglycemia-and-hyperlipidemia
#19
Pathapati Lakshmi Prasuna, Kommu John Vijay Sagar, Thatikonda Padma Sudhakar, Gundugurthi Prasada Rao
UNLABELLED: Modafinil is non stimulant drug which is marketed for mainly Narcolepsy and daytime drowsiness. The clinical experience and Summary of Product Characteristics (SPC) of the drug also mentions Anorexia as one of the side effects. Anorexia can have a direct impact on the carbohydrate and fat intake, which may, in turn, regulate antipsychotic induced dyslipidemia and Hyperglycaemia. AIM: To compare the effects of Modafinil- ADDON with Placebo add on with olanzapine, Clozapine and Risperidone in drug naive subjects and people who were started on the drugs within 15days of assessment...
April 2014: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24848780/trends-in-same-day-bilateral-total-knee-arthroplasty
#20
Lazaros A Poultsides, Mohammad R Rasouli, Mitchell G Maltenfort, Javad Parvizi, Stavros G Memtsoudis, Thomas P Sculco
Between 2000 and 2009 demographics, comorbidity, complications, and 30-day mortality following same-day BTKA (SBTKA) in two high-volume institutions were obtained. Two 5-year periods were created to facilitate trend analysis. The percentage of SBTKA decreased by 36.2% in the latter period. A decline in mean age reflected mainly by a 50% decrease in patients >75 years was observed. The average LOS decreased (5.7 vs. 4.5 days). Overall, selected patients were healthier in the second period. The prevalence of CAD and obesity decreased, whereas hypercholesteremia increased...
September 2014: Journal of Arthroplasty
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