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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212449/energy-intake-and-energy-expenditure-of-pre-professional-female-contemporary-dancers
#1
Meghan A Brown, Glyn Howatson, Edel Quin, Emma Redding, Emma J Stevenson
Many athletes in aesthetic and weight dependent sports are at risk of energy imbalance. However little is known about the exercise and eating behaviours of highly trained dance populations. This investigation sought to determine the energy intake and energy expenditure of pre-professional female contemporary dancers. Twenty-five female contemporary dance students completed the study. Over a 7-day period, including five week days (with scheduled dance training at a conservatoire) and two weekend days (with no scheduled dance training at the conservatoire), energy intake (self-reported weighed food diary and 24 h dietary recall) and expenditure (tri-axial accelerometry) were recorded...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212349/household-dengue-prevention-interventions-expenditures-and-barriers-to-aedes-aegypti-control-in-machala-ecuador
#2
Naveed Heydari, David A Larsen, Marco Neira, Efraín Beltrán Ayala, Prissila Fernandez, Jefferson Adrian, Rosemary Rochford, Anna M Stewart-Ibarra
The Aedes aegypti mosquito is an efficient vector for the transmission of Zika, chikungunya, and dengue viruses, causing major epidemics and a significant social and economic burden throughout the tropics and subtropics. The primary means of preventing these diseases is household-level mosquito control. However, relatively little is known about the economic burden of Ae. aegypti control in resource-limited communities. We surveyed residents from 40 households in a high-risk community at the urban periphery in the city of Machala, Ecuador, on dengue perceptions, vector control interventions, household expenditures, and factors influencing purchasing decisions...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211843/performance-and-metabolic-demand-of-a-new-repeated-sprint-ability-test-in-basketball-players-does-the-number-of-changes-of-direction-matter
#3
Alessandro M Zagatto, Luca P Ardigò, Fabio A Barbieri, Fabio Milioni, Antonio Dello Iacono, Bruno H F Camargo, Johnny Padulo
This study compared two repeated-sprint ability tests in basketball players. Both tests included 10×30-m sprints, with the difference that the previously validated test (RSA2COD) featured two changes of direction (COD) per sprint, while the experimental test (RSA5COD) featured five CODs per sprint. Tests` performances and metabolic demands were specifically assessed in 20 basketball players. Firstly, RSA5COD test-retest reliability was investigated. Then RSA2COD, RSA5COD sprint times, peak speeds, oxygen uptake (VO2) and post-test blood lactate concentration [La] were measured...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211784/generic-antiretrovirals-for-the-treatment-of-hiv-a-novel-challenge-for-western-countries-%C3%A2
#4
Dario Cattaneo, Massimo Andreoni, Gianpiero Carosi, Roberto Cauda, Adriano Lazzarin, Giuliano Rizzardini
The introduction of generic antiretroviral medications in developing countries has resulted in significant CD4 cell restoration, HIV viral decline, and a noteworthy reduction in the time to initiation of therapy. Projection models have also predicted significant cost saving associated with the extensive diffusion of generic antiretrovirals in developed countries. However, some uncertainties on generics have recently been raised. These concerns mainly relate to the adequacy of the study design for bioequivalence testing, the potential for uncontrolled switching from one generic to another, and the loss of adherence if patients switched from fixed-dose coformulations to single components in order to incorporate the new generic drugs...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211512/physiology-and-role-of-irisin-in-glucose-homeostasis
#5
REVIEW
Nikolaos Perakakis, Georgios A Triantafyllou, José Manuel Fernández-Real, Joo Young Huh, Kyung Hee Park, Jochen Seufert, Christos S Mantzoros
Irisin is a myokine that leads to increased energy expenditure by stimulating the 'browning' of white adipose tissue. In the first description of this hormone, increased levels of circulating irisin, which is cleaved from its precursor fibronectin type III domain-containing protein 5, were associated with improved glucose homeostasis by reducing insulin resistance. Consequently, several studies attempted to characterize the role of irisin in glucose regulation, but contradictory results have been reported, and even the existence of this hormone has been questioned...
February 17, 2017: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211057/reproductive-energy-expenditure-and-changes-in-body-morphology-for-a-population-of-chinook-salmon-oncorhynchus-tshawytscha-with-a-long-distance-migration
#6
T E Bowerman, A Pinson-Dumm, C A Peery, C C Caudill
Energetic demands of a long freshwater migration, extended holding period, gamete development and spawning were evaluated for a population of stream-type Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha. Female and male somatic mass decreased by 24 and 21%, respectively, during migration and by an additional 18 and 12% during holding. Between freshwater entry and death after spawning, females allocated 14% of initial somatic energy towards gonad development and 78% for metabolism (46, 25 and 7% during migration, holding and spawning, respectively)...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210884/energy-balance-and-obesity-what-are-the-main-drivers
#7
Isabelle Romieu, Laure Dossus, Simón Barquera, Hervé M Blottière, Paul W Franks, Marc Gunter, Nahla Hwalla, Stephen D Hursting, Michael Leitzmann, Barrie Margetts, Chizuru Nishida, Nancy Potischman, Jacob Seidell, Magdalena Stepien, Youfa Wang, Klaas Westerterp, Pattanee Winichagoon, Martin Wiseman, Walter C Willett
PURPOSE: The aim of this paper is to review the evidence of the association between energy balance and obesity. METHODS: In December 2015, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Lyon, France convened a Working Group of international experts to review the evidence regarding energy balance and obesity, with a focus on Low and Middle Income Countries (LMIC). RESULTS: The global epidemic of obesity and the double burden, in LMICs, of malnutrition (coexistence of undernutrition and overnutrition) are both related to poor quality diet and unbalanced energy intake...
February 17, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209760/glucoraphanin-ameliorates-obesity-and-insulin-resistance-through-adipose-tissue-browning-and-reduction-of-metabolic-endotoxemia-in-mice
#8
Naoto Nagata, Liang Xu, Susumu Kohno, Yusuke Ushida, Yudai Aoki, Ryohei Umeda, Nobuo Fuke, Fen Zhuge, Yinhua Ni, Mayumi Nagashimada, Chiaki Takahashi, Hiroyuki Suganuma, Shuichi Kaneko, Tsuguhito Ota
Low-grade sustained inflammation links obesity to insulin resistance and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, therapeutic approaches to improve systemic energy balance and chronic inflammation in obesity are limited. Pharmacological activation of nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2) alleviates obesity and insulin resistance in mice; however, Nrf2 inducers are not clinically available owing to safety concerns. Thus, we examined whether dietary glucoraphanin, a stable precursor of the Nrf2 inducer sulforaphane, ameliorates systemic energy balance, chronic inflammation, insulin resistance, and NAFLD in high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice...
February 16, 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208824/associations-between-obesity-and-spinal-diseases-a-medical-expenditure-panel-study-analysis
#9
Binwu Sheng, Chaoling Feng, Donglan Zhang, Hugh Spitler, Lu Shi
Background: The link between body weight status and spinal diseases has been suggested by a number of cross-sectional and cohort studies with a limited range of patient populations. No population-representative samples have been used to examine the link between obesity and spinal diseases. The present study is based on a nationally representative sample drawn from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. Methods: Using the cross-sectional sample of the 2014 Medical Expenditure Panel Study, we built four weighted logistic regression analyses of the associations between body weight status and the following four spinal diseases: low back pain, spondylosis, other cervical disorders and intervertebral disc disorder (IDD)...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207809/kazakhstan-can-achieve-ambitious-hiv-targets-despite-expected-donor-withdrawal-by-combining-improved-art-procurement-mechanisms-with-allocative-and-implementation-efficiencies
#10
Andrew J Shattock, Clemens Benedikt, Aliya Bokazhanova, Predrag Đurić, Irina Petrenko, Lolita Ganina, Sherrie L Kelly, Robyn M Stuart, Cliff C Kerr, Tatiana Vinichenko, Shufang Zhang, Christoph Hamelmann, Manoela Manova, Emiko Masaki, David P Wilson, Richard T Gray
BACKGROUND: Despite a non-decreasing HIV epidemic, international donors are soon expected to withdraw funding from Kazakhstan. Here we analyze how allocative, implementation, and technical efficiencies could strengthen the national HIV response under assumptions of future budget levels. METHODOLOGY: We used the Optima model to project future scenarios of the HIV epidemic in Kazakhstan that varied in future antiretroviral treatment unit costs and management expenditure-two areas identified for potential cost-reductions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207742/narciclasine-attenuates-diet-induced-obesity-by-promoting-oxidative-metabolism-in-skeletal-muscle
#11
Sofi G Julien, Sun-Yee Kim, Reinhard Brunmeir, Joanna R Sinnakannu, Xiaojia Ge, Hongyu Li, Wei Ma, Jadegoud Yaligar, Bhanu Prakash Kn, Sendhil S Velan, Pia V Röder, Qiongyi Zhang, Choon Kiat Sim, Jingyi Wu, Marta Garcia-Miralles, Mahmoud A Pouladi, Wei Xie, Craig McFarlane, Weiping Han, Feng Xu
Obesity develops when caloric intake exceeds metabolic needs. Promoting energy expenditure represents an attractive approach in the prevention of this fast-spreading epidemic. Here, we report a novel pharmacological strategy in which a natural compound, narciclasine (ncls), attenuates diet-induced obesity (DIO) in mice by promoting energy expenditure. Moreover, ncls promotes fat clearance from peripheral metabolic tissues, improves blood metabolic parameters in DIO mice, and protects these mice from the loss of voluntary physical activity...
February 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207665/healthy-physical-activity-levels-below-recommended-thresholds-two-years-after-lumbar-spine-surgery
#12
Carol A Mancuso, Roland Duculan, Federico P Girardi
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective analysis. OBJECTIVE: To quantify physical activity after lumbar surgery and identify spine-related variables associated with not meeting recommended activity thresholds. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: National guidelines recommend ≥150 minutes/week of moderate-intensity activity; however, only 52% of the general population meets this threshold. For patients not participating in exercise/sports, ≥1400 kcal/week of energy expenditure, including from walking, is another threshold...
February 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207664/descriptive-analysis-of-spinal-neuroaxial-injections-surgical-interventions-and-physical-therapy-utilization-for-degenerative-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-within-medicare-beneficiaries-from-2000-to-2011
#13
Joseph A Sclafani, Alexandra Constantin, Pei-Shu Ho, Venu Akuthota, Leighton Chan
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective, observational study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the utilization of various treatment modalities in the management of degenerative spondylolisthesis within Medicare beneficiaries. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis is a condition often identified in symptomatic low back pain. A variety of treatment algorithms including physical therapy and interventional techniques can be used to manage clinically significant degenerative spondylolisthesis...
February 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207338/nutritional-economic-and-environmental-costs-of-milk-waste-in-a-classroom-school-breakfast-program
#14
Stacy A Blondin, Sean B Cash, Jeanne P Goldberg, Timothy S Griffin, Christina D Economos
OBJECTIVES: To measure fluid milk waste in a US School Breakfast in the Classroom Program and estimate its nutritional, economic, and environmental effects. METHODS: Fluid milk waste was directly measured on 60 elementary school classroom days in a medium-sized, urban district. The US Department of Agriculture nutrition database, district cost data, and carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) emissions and water footprint estimates for fluid milk were used to calculate the associated nutritional, economic, and environmental costs...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205670/leptin-and-ghrelin-concentration-in-hyperthyroid-cats-before-and-after-radioactive-iodine-therapy-compared-to-euthyroid-control-cats
#15
Sina Marsilio, Barbara Glanemann, Lucile Martin, Balazs Szladovits, Reto Neiger
OBJECTIVE: Leptin and ghrelin, two peptide hormones with antagonistic effects on satiety and energy balance, could be involved in the pathogenesis of weight loss and polyphagia in cats with hyperthyroidism. Leptin generally decreases appetite and increases energy expenditure, while ghrelin exerts the opposite effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Leptin and ghrelin were measured in 42 client owned hyperthyroid cats with a body condition score (BCS) ≤ 5/9 before (T0) and 4 weeks after radioactive iodine treatment (RAIT) (T1)...
February 16, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205370/progressive-universalism-the-impact-of-targeted-coverage-on-health-care-access-and-expenditures-in-peru
#16
Sven Neelsen, Owen O'Donnell
Like other countries seeking a progressive path to universalism, Peru has attempted to reduce inequalities in access to health care by granting the poor entitlement to tax-financed basic care without charge. We identify the impact of this policy by comparing the target population's change in health care utilization with that of poor adults already covered through employment-based insurance. There are positive effects on receipt of ambulatory care and medication that are largest among the elderly and the poorest...
February 16, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204173/angptl8-blockade-with-a-monoclonal-antibody-promotes-triglyceride-clearance-energy-expenditure-and-weight-loss-in-mice
#17
Viktoria Gusarova, Serena Banfi, Corey A Alexa-Braun, Lisa M Shihanian, Ivory J Mintah, Joseph S Lee, Yurong Xin, Qi Su, Vishal Kamat, Jonathan C Cohen, Helen H Hobbs, Brian Zambrowicz, George D Yancopoulos, Andrew J Murphy, Jesper Gromada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202501/national-health-expenditure-projections-2016-25-price-increases-aging-push-sector-to-20%C3%A2-percent-of-economy
#18
Sean P Keehan, Devin A Stone, John A Poisal, Gigi A Cuckler, Andrea M Sisko, Sheila D Smith, Andrew J Madison, Christian J Wolfe, Joseph M Lizonitz
Under current law, national health expenditures are projected to grow at an average annual rate of 5.6 percent for 2016-25 and represent 19.9 percent of gross domestic product by 2025. For 2016, national health expenditure growth is anticipated to have slowed 1.1 percentage points to 4.8 percent, as a result of slower Medicaid and prescription drug spending growth. For the rest of the projection period, faster projected growth in medical prices is partly offset by slower projected growth in the use and intensity of medical goods and services, relative to that observed in 2014-16 associated with the Affordable Care Act coverage expansions...
February 15, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201938/household-expenditure-on-tobacco-consumption-in-a-poverty-stricken-rural-district-in-sri-lanka
#19
K Manuja N Perera, G N Duminda Guruge, Pushpa L Jayawardana
Tobacco is a determinant of poverty and a barrier for development. Monaragala, a rural, agricultural district, reports the highest poverty-related indicators in southern Sri Lanka. A cross-sectional study was used to describe the household expenditure on tobacco and its association with food- and education-related expenditures at household level. This study used a 4-stage cluster sampling method to recruit a representative sample of 1160 households. Response rate was 98.6%. Median monthly household income was LKR 20 000 (interquartile range [IQR] = LKR 12 000-30 000)...
February 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199925/minimum-number-of-days-required-for-a-reliable-estimate-of-daily-step-count-and-energy-expenditure-in-people-with-ms-who-walk-unaided
#20
Michelle Norris, Ross Anderson, Robert W Motl, Sara Hayes, Susan Coote
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the minimum number of days needed to reliably estimate daily step count and energy expenditure (EE), in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) who walked unaided. METHODS: Seven days of activity monitor data were collected for 26 participants with MS (age=44.5±11.9years; time since diagnosis=6.5±6.2years; Patient Determined Disease Steps=≤3). Mean daily step count and mean daily EE (kcal) were calculated for all combinations of days (127 combinations), and compared to the respective 7-day mean daily step count or mean daily EE using intra-class correlations (ICC), the Generalizability Theory and Bland-Altman...
February 8, 2017: Gait & Posture
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