keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Expenditures

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644822/the-effect-of-a-lay-led-group-based-self-management-program-for-patients-with-chronic-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-danish-version-of-the-chronic-pain-self-management-programme
#1
Mimi Mehlsen, Lea Hegaard, Eva Ørnbøl, Jens Søndergaard Jensen, Per Fink, Lisbeth Frostholm
The Stanford Chronic Pain Self-Management Programme (CPSMP) consists of six 2½-hour weekly workshops focusing on how to manage pain in daily life. The workshops are facilitated by two workshop leaders of whom at least one must suffer from a long-term pain condition. The program is highly structured and manualized. Only few controlled trials testing the effect of CPSMP exist.Enrolled in the study were 424 adults from 19 Danish municipalities, (72% women; age: 25-93 years) with pain of any etiology and great variation in pain history (0-50 yrs)...
June 22, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644580/a-free-ride-an-analysis-of-the-association-of-casino-bus-tours-and-problem-gambling-among-older-adults
#2
Mark van der Maas, Robert E Mann, Flora I Matheson, Nigel E Turner, Hayley A Hamilton, John McCready
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Little research has examined the relationship between incentives used by gambling venues to attract customers and the experience of gambling related harm. Organized and subsidized bus tours are a common example of such incentives. The aim of this study was to examine whether bus tour patronage was associated with increased odds of problem gambling among older adults. This study also compared rates of bus tour use by sociodemographic characteristics and gambling behaviours...
June 23, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643266/adherence-to-osteoporosis-medicines-in-estonia-a-comprehensive-15-year-retrospective-prescriptions-database-study
#3
Ott Laius, Heti Pisarev, Katre Maasalu, Sulev Kõks, Aare Märtson
Some patients do not take medicines as they are supposed to. Our research showed that in Estonia, one fifth of patients did not start treatment with osteoporosis medicines and only 20% used the medicines for at least 3 years as they should. This induces unnecessary costs to the healthcare system. PURPOSE: Medication non-adherence is the number one reason for not obtaining the expected clinical effect of medicines. With osteoporosis treatment, it has been shown that both implementation of treatment and persistence influence the risk of fractures significantly...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642857/healthcare-costs-of-osteoporotic-fracture-in-korea-information-from-the-national-health-insurance-claims-database-2008-2011
#4
Ha Young Kim, Yong-Chan Ha, Tae-Young Kim, Hyemin Cho, Young-Kyun Lee, Ji-Yeon Baek, Sunmee Jang
BACKGROUND: The present study estimated healthcare costs of osteoporotic fractures including spine, hip, distal radius and humerus in Koreans over 50 years of age using national claims data. METHODS: Korea National Health Insurance data between 2008 and 2011 was searched for all claims records of outpatient visits or hospital admissions of patients ≥50-year-of-age. Osteoporosis-related fractures were identified using certain the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision codes and site-specific physician claims for procedures in a patient age cut-off value of 50 years...
May 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642810/association-of-the-composite-inflammatory-biomarker-glyca-with-exercise-induced-changes-in-body-habitus-in-men-and-women-with-prediabetes
#5
David B Bartlett, Cris A Slentz, Margery A Connelly, Lucy W Piner, Leslie H Willis, Lori A Bateman, Esther O Granville, Connie W Bales, Kim M Huffman, William E Kraus
GlycA is a new composite measure of systemic inflammation and a predictor of many inflammatory diseases. GlycA is the nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy-derived signal arising from glucosamine residues on acute-phase proteins. This study aimed to evaluate how exercise-based lifestyle interventions modulate GlycA in persons at risk for type 2 diabetes. GlycA, fitness, and body habitus were measured in 169 sedentary adults (45-75 years) with prediabetes randomly assigned to one of four six-month exercise-based lifestyle interventions...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642700/pricing-and-reimbursement-of-biosimilars-in-central-and-eastern-european-countries
#6
Paweł Kawalec, Ewa Stawowczyk, Tomas Tesar, Jana Skoupa, Adina Turcu-Stiolica, Maria Dimitrova, Guenka I Petrova, Zinta Rugaja, Agnes Männik, Andras Harsanyi, Pero Draganic
Objectives: The aim of this study was to review the requirements for the reimbursement of biosimilars and to compare the reimbursement status, market share, and reimbursement costs of biosimilars in selected Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries. Methods: A questionnaire-based survey was conducted between November 2016 and January 2017 among experts from the following CEE countries: Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Croatia, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia, and Romania. The requirements for the pricing and reimbursement of biosimilars were reviewed for each country...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641282/health-related-genetic-direct-to-consumer-tests-in-the-german-setting-the-available-offer-and-the-potential-implications-for-a-solidarily-financed-health-care-system
#7
Marika Plöthner, Mike Klora, Daniel Rudolph, Johann-Matthias Graf von der Schulenburg
BACKGROUND: The global genetic direct-to-consumer (DTC) market will reach a volume of USD 230 billion in 2018. The expenditures for this genetic analysis are borne by the customer, whereas consequential costs may arise for a solidarily financed system. In a first step, it is essential to gain an overview of the currently available offer in the German setting. METHODS: In April 2016, we conducted a systematic internet search in the Google search engine. In November 2016, we updated the information of the webpages in terms of country, language, types of health-related tests, additional offer of non-health-related DTC test, information about sensitivity and specificity, certification and accreditation, costs as well as reference to German Act on Genetic Testing...
June 23, 2017: Public Health Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640866/diet-induced-adipose-tissue-expansion-is-mitigated-in-mice-with-a-targeted-inactivation-of-mesoderm-specific-transcript-mest
#8
Rea P Anunciado-Koza, Justin Manuel, Randall L Mynatt, Jingying Zhang, Leslie P Kozak, Robert A Koza
Interindividual variation of white adipose tissue (WAT) expression of mesoderm specific transcript (Mest), a paternally-expressed imprinted gene belonging to the α/β-hydrolase fold protein family, becomes apparent among genetically inbred mice fed high fat diet (HFD) and is positively associated with adipose tissue expansion (ATE). To elucidate a role for MEST in ATE, mice were developed with global and adipose tissue inactivation of Mest. Mice with homozygous (MestgKO) and paternal allelic (MestpKO) inactivation of Mest were born at expected Mendelian frequencies, showed no behavioral or physical abnormalities, and did not perturb expression of the Mest locus-derived microRNA miR-335...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640734/cost-effective-wound-management-a-survey-of-1717-nurses
#9
Heather Newton
Delivering high-quality wound care requires a mix of knowledge and skills, which nurses aim to update by attending educational events such as conferences and study days. This article describes the data obtained from 30 educational study days, which took place across England, Scotland and Wales. It will explore nurses' knowledge in relation to the cost-effectiveness and clinical efficacy of current wound care practices, based on the answers of 1717 delegates that attended the events. It will also outline the results in relation to reducing expenditure on wound dressings and the importance of performing an accurate wound assessment...
June 22, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640136/cost-effectiveness-of-neck-specific-exercise-with-or-without-a-behavioral-approach-versus-physical-activity-prescription-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-whiplash-associated-disorders-analyses-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Maria Landén Ludvigsson, Anneli Peolsson, Gunnel Peterson, Åsa Dedering, Gun Johansson, Lars Bernfort
BACKGROUND: Fifty percent of people injured by whiplash still report neck pain after 1 year and costs associated with whiplash associated disorders (WAD) are mostly attributed to health service and sick-leave costs in chronic conditions. With increasing health care expenditures the economic impact of interventions needs to be considered. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the cost-effectiveness of physiotherapist-led neck-specific exercise without (NSE) or with a behavioral approach (NSEB), or prescription of physical activity (PPA) in chronic WAD, grade 2 to 3...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640060/individualized-estimation-of-physical-activity-in-older-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#11
Whitney A Welch, Neil Alexander, Ann M Swartz, Nora E Miller, Erica Twardzik, Scott J Strath
PURPOSE: Compare physical activity intensity in older adults with T2DM using individualized, relative cutpoints with standard, absolute cutpoints. METHODS: One hundred older adults with T2DM (68.9±5.1y, 65% male, 32.7±6.3 kgm, 7.2±1.1% HbA1c) completed a two-speed walking protocol (varying, walking between 1-2.5 mph), followed by a modified Bruce peak exercise test. Participants wore an accelerometer-based physical activity monitor at their waist and oxygen consumption was measured...
June 21, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639989/use-of-expenditure-analysis-to-enhance-returns-on-investments-in-hiv-services
#12
Brian Honermann, Richael O'Hagan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Globally, the response to the HIV epidemic is at a crisis point. International investments in the HIV response have been essentially flat for 8 years and domestic budgets in low and middle-income countries - still recovering from the global recession - have not been able to fill the resource gap to drive a full-fledged HIV response. Still, efficiencies and prioritization of evidence-based interventions enable a significant scale-up of treatment, but millions more people remain without treatment...
July 20, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639566/research-of-medical-expenditure-among-inpatients-with-unstable-angina-pectoris-in-a-single-center
#13
Suo-Wei Wu, Qi Pan, Tong Chen, Liang-Yu Wei, Yong Xuan, Qin Wang, Chao Li, Jing-Chen Song
BACKGROUND: With the rising incidence as well as the medical expenditure among patients with unstable angina pectoris, the research aimed to investigate the inpatient medical expenditure through the combination of diagnosis-related groups (DRGs) among patients with unstable angina pectoris in a Grade A tertiary hospital to conduct the referential standards of medical costs for the diagnosis. METHODS: Single-factor analysis and multiple linear stepwise regression method were used to investigate 3933 cases between 2014 and 2016 in Beijing Hospital (China) whose main diagnosis was defined as unstable angina pectoris to determine the main factors influencing the inpatient medical expenditure, and decision tree method was adopted to establish the model of DRGs grouping combinations...
July 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638944/the-effect-of-fight-cost-structure-on-fighting-behaviour-involving-simultaneous-decisions-and-variable-investment-levels
#14
Mark Broom, Michal Johanis, Jan Rychtář
In the "producer-scrounger" model, a producer discovers a resource and is in turn discovered by a second individual, the scrounger, who attempts to steal it. This resource can be food or a territory, and in some situations, potentially divisible. In a previous paper we considered a producer and scrounger competing for an indivisible resource, where each individual could choose the level of energy that they would invest in the contest. The higher the investment, the higher the probability of success, but also the higher the costs incurred in the contest...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637515/current-globalization-of-drug-interventional-clinical-trials-characteristics-and-associated-factors-2011-2013
#15
Sohyun Jeong, Minji Sohn, Jae Hyun Kim, Minoh Ko, Hee-Won Seo, Yun-Kyoung Song, Boyoon Choi, Nayoung Han, Han-Sung Na, Jong Gu Lee, In-Wha Kim, Jung Mi Oh, Euni Lee
BACKGROUND: Clinical trial globalization is a major trend for industry-sponsored clinical trials. There has been a shift in clinical trial sites towards emerging regions of Eastern Europe, Latin America, Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. Our study objectives were to evaluate the current characteristics of clinical trials and to find out the associated multiple factors which could explain clinical trial globalization and its implications for clinical trial globalization in 2011-2013. METHODS: The data elements of "phase," "recruitment status," "type of sponsor," "age groups," and "design of trial" from 30 countries were extracted from the ClinicalTrials...
June 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637444/a-comparison-of-nutritional-intake-and-daily-physical-activity-of-girls-aged-8-11%C3%A2-years-old-in-makkah-saudi-arabia-according-to-weight-status
#16
Rabab Al-Kutbe, Anne Payne, Anne de Looy, Gail A Rees
BACKGROUND: Obesity rates in Saudi Arabia are amongst the highest in the world. It is known that teenage girls are less active than teenage boys, but less is known about the diet and activity patterns in younger girls. Therefore this study sought to investigate dietary intake and daily physical activity in girls aged 8-11 years old in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This was a cross- sectional observational study conducted in seven schools across the city of Makkah. A total of 266 girls had anthropometric measurements taken including height, weight, waist circumference and body fat estimations...
June 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637358/comparative-simulation-study-of-glucose-control-methods-designed-for-use-in-the-intensive-care-unit-setting-via-a-novel-controller-scoring-metric
#17
Jeremy DeJournett, Leon DeJournett
BACKGROUND: Effective glucose control in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting has the potential to decrease morbidity and mortality rates and thereby decrease health care expenditures. To evaluate what constitutes effective glucose control, typically several metrics are reported, including time in range, time in mild and severe hypoglycemia, coefficient of variation, and others. To date, there is no one metric that combines all of these individual metrics to give a number indicative of overall performance...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636834/implementation-of-medical-homes-in-federally-qualified-health-centers
#18
Justin W Timbie, Claude M Setodji, Amii Kress, Tara A Lavelle, Mark W Friedberg, Peter J Mendel, Emily K Chen, Beverly A Weidmer, Christine Buttorff, Rosalie Malsberger, Mallika Kommareddi, Afshin Rastegar, Aaron Kofner, Lisa Hiatt, Ammarah Mahmud, Katherine Giuriceo, Katherine L Kahn
Background From 2011 through 2014, the Federally Qualified Health Center Advanced Primary Care Practice Demonstration provided care management fees and technical assistance to a nationwide sample of 503 federally qualified health centers to help them achieve the highest (level 3) medical-home recognition by the National Committee for Quality Assurance, a designation that requires the implementation of processes to improve access, continuity, and coordination. Methods We examined the achievement of medical-home recognition and used Medicare claims and beneficiary surveys to measure utilization of services, quality of care, patients' experiences, and Medicare expenditures in demonstration sites versus comparison sites...
June 21, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636774/reducing-the-risk-of-post-ercp-pancreatitis
#19
REVIEW
B Joseph Elmunzer
Pancreatitis is the most common and potentially devastating complication of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), resulting in significant morbidity, occasional mortality, and increased healthcare expenditures. Accordingly, the prevention of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) remains a major clinical and research priority. Strategies to reduce the incidence of PEP include thoughtful patient selection, appropriate risk-stratification, sound procedural technique, prophylactic pancreatic stent placement, and pharmacoprevention...
June 21, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636762/european-diabetes-research-and-its-funding-2002-2013
#20
M Begum, G Lewison, S Sommariva, O Ciani, R Tarricone, R Sullivan
AIM: This study examined the outputs of research papers in diabetes from 31 European countries between 2002 and 2013, and their funding. METHODS: Diabetes research papers in the Web of Science were identified by means of a filter based on journals and title words. For 2009-2013 papers, the funders were coded to show their sector and nationality. RESULTS: Europe published 40 547 diabetes papers in the 12 years between 2002 and 2013. Denmark, Sweden and Finland published the most relative to their wealth, but the UK published the most absolutely despite an apparently low burden (as measured by disability-adjusted life years)...
June 21, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
keyword
keyword
37729
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"