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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327382/retrospective-analysis-of-forward-and-reverse-abo-typing-discrepancies-among-patients-and-blood-donors-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#1
R N Makroo, B Kakkar, S Agrawal, M Chowdhry, B Prakash, P Karna
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to determine the incidence and causes of ABO typing discrepancies among patients and blood donors at our centre. BACKGROUND: An accurate interpretation of the ABO blood group of an individual is of utmost importance to ensure patient safety and good transfusion practices. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was carried out in the Department of Transfusion Medicine in our hospital from March 2013 to December 2015...
January 12, 2018: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322002/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-in-thalassemia-patients-in-shiraz-southern-iran-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Mohammadreza Bordbar, Mehdi Pasalar, Sanaz Safaei, Roza Kamfiroozi, Sohelia Zareifar, Omidreza Zekavat, Sezaneh Haghpanah
This study aimed to determine the frequency and pattern of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use in thalassemia patients in south of Iran. The survey was done using a validated questionnaire which was distributed among 122 thalassemia patients. Only 108 questionnaires were completed and turned back (response rate 88.5%). Patients referred to an outpatient thalassemia clinic in Shiraz, southern Iran for blood transfusion. The mean age of the patients was 22.9 ± 7.9 years (range 4-45 years) with female/male ratio 1...
January 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321046/application-of-causal-inference-methods-in-the-analyses-of-randomised-controlled-trials-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Ruth E Farmer, Daphne Kounali, A Sarah Walker, Jelena Savović, Alison Richards, Margaret T May, Deborah Ford
BACKGROUND: Applications of causal inference methods to randomised controlled trial (RCT) data have usually focused on adjusting for compliance with the randomised intervention rather than on using RCT data to address other, non-randomised questions. In this paper we review use of causal inference methods to assess the impact of aspects of patient management other than the randomised intervention in RCTs. METHODS: We identified papers that used causal inference methodology in RCT data from Medline, Premedline, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science from 1986 to September 2014, using a forward citation search of five seminal papers, and a keyword search...
January 10, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289486/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-following-blood-transfusion-in-a-patient-with-factor-x-deficiency-is-it-an-unusual-systemic-manifestation-of-an-adverse-transfusion-reaction
#4
Anupam Verma, Hemlata, Priti Elhence, Shubha R Phadke, Zafar Neyaz
Adverse neurological transfusion reactions including posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) following blood transfusion are rare. Our case an 18-year-female with known Factor X deficiency with menorrhagia developed severe hypertension, followed by generalised tonic clonic convulsions apparently after blood component transfusion. She had earlier received 4 units of red blood cells (RBC) for anaemia and 10 units of fresh frozen plasma (FFP) for menorrhagia (with prolonged PT and APTT) within short span of time at another hospital...
December 6, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287058/activities-of-the-thor-aabb-working-party
#5
Mark H Yazer, Philip C Spinella
The AABB (formerly the American Association of Blood Banks) is an international authority on transfusion medicine and tissue banking. The Trauma, Hemostasis and Oxygenation Research (THOR) Network is an international multidisciplinary network of civilian and military providers ranging from first responders and medics to critical care physicians, and from basic scientists to clinical trialists. The THOR Network's vision is to improve outcomes from traumatic hemorrhagic shock by optimizing the acute phase of resuscitation...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282811/advances-in-transfusion-medicine-rcpath-november-2016
#6
T I Withanawasam, S Wright
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279179/-blood-management-in-geriatric-hospitalized-population
#7
T Meunier, A François, J Poisson, M Gisselbrecht, J B Arlet, L Ducot, H Lahjibi-Paulet, J Le Guen, E Mercadier, J Pouchot, O Saint Jean
INTRODUCTION: In France, nearly 50% of patients transfused in packed red blood cells are 75 or older. The benefit of restrictive transfusion policies is no longer to be demonstrated, but the practices are still far from it. The objective of our study was to show the impact of a decision support tool on transfusion practices, specifically in a hospitalized elderly population. METHOD: A clinical decision support, validated in the improvement of practices, was created, based on the latest transfusion recommendations of 2014...
December 23, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277907/a-multicentre-study-investigating-vital-sign-changes-occurring-in-complicated-and-uncomplicated-transfusions
#8
E A Gehrie, N H Roubinian, D Chowdhury, D J Brambilla, E L Murphy, J L Gottschall, Y Wu, P M Ness, R G Strauss, J E Hendrickson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Many hospitals require transfusions to be discontinued when vital signs stray from predetermined ranges, regardless of clinical symptoms. Variations in vital signs may be unrelated to transfusion, however, and needlessly stopping a transfusion may delay medical care while increasing donor exposures and healthcare costs. We hypothesized that a detailed study of vital sign changes associated with transfusion of blood product by component, including those associated with potential reactions (complicated) and those deemed to be uncomplicated, would establish a useful framework of reference for treating clinicians and transfusion services alike...
December 25, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261831/evaluation-of-early-allograft-function-using-the-liver-graft-assessment-following-transplantation-risk-score-model
#9
Vatche G Agopian, Michael P Harlander-Locke, Daniela Markovic, Wethit Dumronggittigule, Victor Xia, Fady M Kaldas, Ali Zarrinpar, Hasan Yersiz, Douglas G Farmer, Jonathan R Hiatt, Ronald W Busuttil
Importance: Early allograft dysfunction (EAD) following a liver transplant (LT) unequivocally portends adverse graft and patient outcomes, but a widely accepted classification or grading system is lacking. Objective: To develop a model for individualized risk estimation of graft failure after LT and then compare the model's prognostic performance with the existing binary EAD definition (bilirubin level of ≥10 mg/dL on postoperative day 7, international normalized ratio of ≥1...
December 20, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258567/knowledge-of-bloodless-medicine-among-nurses-at-the-medical-surgical-directorate-of-komfo-anokye-teaching-hospital-ghana-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#10
Yaa Obirikorang, Christian Obirikorang, Enoch Odame Anto, Emmanuel Acheampong, Emmanuella Nsenbah Batu, Flora Macaulary, Christopher Kwaku Paavire, Bright Amankwaa
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the knowledge of bloodless medicine (BM) among nurses at the medical and surgical directorate of Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital. A paper questionnaire was administered to 322 nurses to obtain information on socio-demographic characteristics and knowledge of BM. RESULTS: More than half (52.1%) of the nurses were aware of BM. The major source of information on BM was from the internet. Out of the study population, 90.1% knew iron therapy as BM strategy...
December 19, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238996/quality-management-of-a-massive-transfusion-protocol
#11
John R Hess, Patrick J Ramos, Nina E Sen, Virginia G Cruz-Cody, Erin E Tuott, Max J Louzon, Eileen M Bulger, Saman Arbabi, Monica B Pagano, Ryan A Metcalf
BACKGROUND: Massive transfusion is a response to massive uncontrolled hemorrhage. To be effective, it must be timely and address the patient's needs for blood volume, oxygen transport, and hemostasis. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A review was performed on all activations of the massive transfusion protocol (MTP) in a hospital with large emergency medicine, trauma, and vascular surgery programs. Indications, transfused amounts, and outcomes were determined for each MTP event to determine appropriateness of MTP use...
December 13, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228989/physicians-lack-of-knowledge-a-possible-reason-for-red-blood-cell-transfusion-overuse
#12
Roni Rahav Koren, Celia Suriu, Orly Yakir, Luiza Akria, Masad Barhoum, Andrei Braester
BACKGROUND: A significant percentage of red blood cell transfusions are inappropriately overused. This study investigated physicians from the western Galilee in terms of their knowledge of transfusion medicine as a potential reason for red blood cell overuse, and assessed the influence of personal background characteristics on their knowledge. METHODS: Data were collected via anonymous questionnaires. The questionnaires included a personal background section and a professional section...
December 12, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211225/off-pump-versus-on-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-frail-patients-study-protocol-for-the-fragile-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Omar Asdrúbal Vilca Mejía, Michel Pompeu Barros Oliveira Sá, Maurilio Onofre Deininger, Luís Roberto Palma Dallan, Rodrigo Coelho Segalote, Marco Antonio Praça de Oliveira, Fernando Antibas Atik, Magaly Arrais Dos Santos, Pedro Gabriel Melo de Barros E Silva, Rodrigo Mussi Milani, Alexandre Ciappina Hueb, Rosangela Monteiro, Ricardo Carvalho Lima, Luiz Augusto Ferreira Lisboa, Luís Alberto Oliveira Dallan, John Puskas, Fabio Biscegli Jatene
INTRODUCTION: Advances in modern medicine have led to people living longer and healthier lives. Frailty is an emerging concept in medicine yet to be explored as a risk factor in cardiac surgery. When it comes to CABG surgery, randomized controlled clinical trials have primarily focused on low-risk (ROOBY, CORONARY), elevated-risk (GOPCABE) or high-risk patients (BBS), but not on frail patients. Therefore, we believe that off-pump CABG could be an important technique in patients with limited functional capacity to respond to surgical stress...
September 2017: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210591/duplicate-type-and-screen-testing-waste-in-the-clinical-laboratory
#14
Margaret L Compton, Penny C Szklarski, Garrett S Booth
CONTEXT: - In the United States, approximately 65 billion dollars is spent per year on clinical laboratory testing, of which 20% to 30% of all testing is deemed inappropriate. There have been multiple studies in the field of transfusion medicine regarding evidence-based transfusion practices, but limited data exist regarding inappropriate pretransfusion testing and its financial and clinical implications. OBJECTIVE: - To assess duplicative testing practices in the transfusion medicine service...
December 6, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186957/the-human-pegivirus-a-new-name-for-an-ancient-virus-can-transfusion-medicine-come-up-with-something-new
#15
G Marano, M Franchini, B Farina, V Piccinini, S Pupella, S Vaglio, G Grazzini, G M Liumbruno
Human pegivirus (HPgV, formerly called GB virus C/hepatitis G virus) is a poorly understood RNA virus of the Flaviviridae family. The HPgV infection is common worldwide and the virus is likely transmitted by blood products. At this time, no causal association between HPgV and human diseases has been identified. While waiting for new findings to better understand the Pegivirus genus, the aim of our narrative review is to discuss the currently available information on HPgV focusing on its prevalence in blood donors and its potential threat to transfusion safety...
2017: Acta Virologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182495/platelet-transfusion-for-patients-with-cancer-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-clinical-practice-guideline-update
#16
Charles A Schiffer, Kari Bohlke, Meghan Delaney, Heather Hume, Anthony J Magdalinski, Jeffrey J McCullough, James L Omel, John M Rainey, Paolo Rebulla, Scott D Rowley, Michael B Troner, Kenneth C Anderson
Purpose To provide evidence-based guidance on the use of platelet transfusion in people with cancer. This guideline updates and replaces the previous ASCO platelet transfusion guideline published initially in 2001. Methods ASCO convened an Expert Panel and conducted a systematic review of the medical literature published from September 1, 2014, through October 26, 2016. This review builds on two 2015 systematic reviews that were conducted by the AABB and the International Collaboration for Transfusion Medicine Guidelines...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171989/comparative-analysis-of-immune-function-hemorheological-alterations-and-prognosis-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-with-different-traditional-chinese-medicine-syndromes
#17
Cheng-Yang Wang, Huan-Zhang Ding, Xiao Tang, Ze-Geng Li
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigates the differences in immune function, hemorheological alterations and prognostic evaluation in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients with different traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes. METHODS: A total of 128 patients, diagnosed as stage II and III of CRC, were recruited. They were assigned into three TCM syndromes: deficiency syndrome, excess syndrome, and syndrome of intermingled deficiency and excess, and another 53 healthy individuals were selected as the control...
November 17, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151697/anatomic-isolated-caudate-lobectomy-is-it-possible-to-establish-a-standard-surgical-flow
#18
Yun Jin, Liang Wang, Yuan-Quan Yu, Dong-Er Zhou, Da-Ren Liu, Jun-Jie Yang, Shu-You Peng, Jiang-Tao Li
AIM: To establish the surgical flow for anatomic isolated caudate lobe resection. METHODS: The study was approved by the ethics committee of the Second Affiliated Hospital Zhejiang University School of Medicine (SAHZU). From April 2004 to July 2014, 20 patients were enrolled who underwent anatomic isolated caudate lobectomy at SAHZU. Clinical and postoperative pathological data were analyzed. RESULTS: Of the total 20 cases, 4 received isolated complete caudate lobectomy (20%) and 16 received isolated partial caudate lobectomy (80%)...
November 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150115/role-of-daratumumab-in-transfusion-medicine-a-must-know-entity
#19
Rajeswari Subramaniyan, Ramaprabahari Satheshkumar, Karishma Rosann Pereira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148106/epidemiology-of-donors-and-recipients-lessons-from-the-scandat-database
#20
REVIEW
G Edgren, H Hjalgrim
With the development of several 'vein-to-vein' databases, which capture data on the entire donor-recipient continuum and link this data to health outcomes, there has been an increasing number of studies investigating the health effects of all aspects of the practice of transfusion medicine. The Scandinavian Donations and Transfusions (SCANDAT) database is one of several such databases, which includes all electronically available data on blood donors, donations and transfusions since the late 1960s in Sweden and the early 1980s in Denmark...
November 16, 2017: Transfusion Medicine
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