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liver tumour

Mariano Garcia-Arranz, Damian Garcia-Olmo, Luz Vega-Clemente, Maurice Stroun, Peter B Gahan
In vitro studies of partially purified virtosomes from rat liver showed inhibition of cell multiplication in four normal and two tumour cell lines. In vivo, the liver virtosomes slowed tumour growth and limited metastases in rats bearing DHD/K12-PROb cell initiated tumours.
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Luca Portigliotti, David Fuks, Oleg Slivca, Christophe Bourdeaux, Takeo Nomi, Mostefa Bennamoun, Sergio Gentilli, Brice Gayet
INTRODUCTION: The benefit of by laparoscopic resection for lesions located in postero-superior segments is unclear. The present series aimed at comparing intraoperative and post-operative results in patients undergoing either laparoscopic RPS or laparoscopic RH for colorectal liver metastases located in the right postero-superior segments. METHODS: From 2000 to 2015, patients who underwent laparoscopic resection of segment 6 and/or 7 (RPS group) were compared with those with right hepatectomy (RH group) in terms of tumour characteristics, surgical treatment, and short-term outcomes...
October 17, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Olivier Mir, Thomas Brodowicz, Antoine Italiano, Jennifer Wallet, Jean-Yves Blay, François Bertucci, Christine Chevreau, Sophie Piperno-Neumann, Emmanuelle Bompas, Sébastien Salas, Christophe Perrin, Corinne Delcambre, Bernadette Liegl-Atzwanger, Maud Toulmonde, Sarah Dumont, Isabelle Ray-Coquard, Stéphanie Clisant, Sophie Taieb, Cécile Guillemet, Maria Rios, Olivier Collard, Laurence Bozec, Didier Cupissol, Esma Saada-Bouzid, Christine Lemaignan, Wolfgang Eisterer, Nicolas Isambert, Loïc Chaigneau, Axel Le Cesne, Nicolas Penel
BACKGROUND: Regorafenib is a multikinase inhibitor with proven activity in refractory gastrointestinal stromal tumours and chemotherapy-refractory advanced colorectal cancers. We assessed this agent's efficacy and safety in patients with metastatic soft tissue sarcomas previously treated with anthracycline. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind, phase 2 trial undertaken in France and Austria, we enrolled patients aged 18 years and older with advanced soft tissue sarcomas who had received previous doxorubicin or other anthracycline treatment...
October 14, 2016: Lancet Oncology
Yaser Atlasi, Rubina Noori, Ivana Marolin, Patrick Franken, Joana Brandao, Katharina Biermann, Paola Collini, Mariam Grigorian, Eugene Lukanidin, Noona Ambartsumian, Riccardo Fodde
INTRODUCTION: S100a4 is a calcium-binding protein belonging to the family of S100-proteins, highly expressed in different stromal cell types. S100A4 has been reported as a prognostic marker in colorectal cancer in association with tumour progression and metastasis. METHODS: In this study, we analysed the in vivo role of S100a4 in intestinal tumour initiation and progression using different transgenic and knockout mouse models. RESULTS: We found that genetic ablation or overexpression of S100a4 in both Apc- and Smad4-mutant mice do not affect tumour initiation in the intestinal tract...
October 14, 2016: European Journal of Cancer
Annu Makker, Madhu Mati Goel, Abbas Ali Mahdi, Vikram Bhatia, Vinita Das, Anjoo Agarwal, Amita Pandey
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Despite their high occurrence and associated significant level of morbidity manifesting as spectrum of clinical symptoms, the pathogenesis of uterine leiomyomas (ULs) remains unclear. We investigated expression profile of tumour suppressor genes PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten) and LKB1 (liver kinase B1), and key signaling components of P13K (phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase)/Akt (protein kinase B)/mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) pathway in leiomyomas and adjacent normal myometrium in women of reproductive age, to explore the possibility of targeting this pathway for future therapeutic implications...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Suresh Subramanian, Usha Pandey, Pradip Chaudhari, Monica Tyagi, Sanjay Gupta, Geetanjali Singh, Ashutosh Dash, Grace Samuel, Meera Venkatesh
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Yttrium-90 ( 90 Y)-based radioembolization has been employed to treat hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) as commercial radioactive glass and polymeric resin microspheres. However, in India and other Asian countries, these preparations must be imported and are expensive, validating the need for development of indigenous alternatives. This work was aimed to develop an economically and logistically favourable indigenous alternative to imported radioembolizing agents for HCC therapy...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Gonzalo Tapia Rico, Amanda R Townsend, Myron Klevansky, Timothy J Price
Surgical resection of liver metastases from colorectal and neuroendocrine tumours has become a standard of care for resectable patients with isolated hepatic disease and good performance status, leading to extended survival in a carefully selected subgroup of these patients. However, the role of hepatic surgery in gastric and oesophageal liver metastases is controversial and not clearly defined. Areas covered: A systematic electronic literature search was performed to select the most representative evidence regarding hepatectomies in liver metastases from these two tumours...
October 17, 2016: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
E Bertani, N Fazio, D Radice, C Zardini, G Spinoglio, A Chiappa, D Ribero, R Biffi, S Partelli, M Falconi
BACKGROUND: The role of primary tumour surgery in pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (PNETs) with unresectable liver metastases is controversial and international guidelines do not recommend surgery in such cases. Resectability of the primary tumour has never been considered in outcome comparisons between operated and non-operated patients. METHODS: From two institutional prospective databases of patients affected by PNET and unresectable liver metastases, 63 patients who underwent a left-pancreatectomy at diagnosis were identified and compared with a group of 30 patients with a potentially resectable but not-resected primary tumour located in the body or tail...
September 30, 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
S S Kim, T W Kang, K D Song, S K Cho, M W Lee, H Rhim, D H Sinn, S-H Jung
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and transarterial chemoembolisation (TACE) as a first-line treatment for isolated intrahepatic recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (IIR-HCC) after liver transplantation (LT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board. Between January 2005 and January 2015, 588 consecutive patients underwent LT for the treatment of HCC. Among them, 27 patients with IIR-HCCs after LT who were treated with RFA (n=6) or TACE (n=21) as a first-line treatment were retrospectively included in this study...
October 11, 2016: Clinical Radiology
Juneo F Silva, Natália M Ocarino, Rogéria Serakides
The gene and/or protein expression of proteases and immunological, angiogenic, hormonal and apoptotic mediators was evaluated in rat placenta before and during intrauterine trophoblast migration. The depth of interstitial and endovascular intrauterine trophoblast invasion and the immunohistochemical expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), fetal liver kinase 1 (Flk1), interferon (IFN)-γ, migration inhibitory factor (MIF), and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS; also known as nitric oxide synthase (NOS) 2) were evaluated...
October 14, 2016: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
F Y Wang, W Meng, Y Li, T Li, C Y Qin
Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) has mostly been used in hypervascular tumours such as hepatocellular carcinoma, and may be an effective palliative treatment in patients with metastatic liver cancer. Our goal is to determine whether TACE increases overall survival (OS) of in patients with liver metastases. The retrospective cohort study included 171 patients with liver metastases diagnosed between 2001 and 2015. OS was compared between the TACE and non-TACE groups after propensity score matching to reduce the effects of selection bias and potential confounders...
October 13, 2016: Scientific Reports
Chloé Sauzay, Alexandra Petit, Anne-Marie Bourgeois, Jean-Claude Barbare, Bruno Chauffert, Antoine Galmiche, Aline Houessinon
Alpha-foetoprotein (AFP), one of the first protein tumour markers discovered, is widely used today in clinical practice. Its application for the screening and diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most frequent form of primary liver tumour, is a matter of extensive debate. In addition to the studies focused on the role of the AFP in the diagnosis of HCC, in recent years AFP has been used to guide the therapeutic choice in HCC and monitor the treatment. Here, we summarize the latest studies that show the interest of AFP quantification in determining the suitability of liver transplantation or to follow-up on patients receiving the targeted treatment sorafenib...
October 11, 2016: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Pia Rantakari, Norma Jäppinen, Emmi Lokka, Elias Mokkala, Heidi Gerke, Emilia Peuhu, Johanna Ivaska, Kati Elima, Kaisa Auvinen, Marko Salmi
Macrophages are required for normal embryogenesis, tissue homeostasis and immunity against microorganisms and tumours. Adult tissue-resident macrophages largely originate from long-lived, self-renewing embryonic precursors and not from haematopoietic stem-cell activity in the bone marrow. Although fate-mapping studies have uncovered a great amount of detail on the origin and kinetics of fetal macrophage development in the yolk sac and liver, the molecules that govern the tissue-specific migration of these cells remain completely unknown...
October 12, 2016: Nature
María-Victoria Alvarez-Sánchez, Bertrand Napoléon
Most pancreatic cancers and extrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas are unresectable at the time of diagnosis, and even in case of a resectable cancer, for elderly or patients with coexistent comorbidities, surgery is not an option. Current treatment alternatives in these scenarios are very limited. Biliary stenting with self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) is the mainstay palliative treatment of biliary obstruction due to unresectable pancreatic cancer or cholangiocarcinoma. Nevertheless, more than 50% of SEMS become occluded after 6 mo due to tumour over- and ingrowth, leading to hospital readmissions and reinterventions that significantly impair quality of life...
October 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Hui Tian, Qi Wang
To conduct a quantitative analysis of microcirculation blood perfusion in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) before and after transcatheter arterial chemoembolisation (TACE) using contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). From 2013 June to 2105 October, a total of 106 HCC patients undergoing TACE were recruited. CEUS was performed before and after TACE to determine time-intensity curve (TIC) and perfusion quantitative parameters of the HCC lesions and surrounding liver parenchyma. Quantitative perfusion parameters were obtained using the region of interest method...
October 8, 2016: European Journal of Cancer
Ye Zhang, Isabel Huth, Martin Wegner, Damien Charles Weber, Antony John Lomax
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The treatment quality of pencil beam scanned (PBS) proton therapy to mobile tumour treatments can be compromised due to interplay effects. The aim of this work is to systematically evaluate the effectiveness of rescanning for liver tumour treatments for a commercial PBS delivery system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Plans were calculated to patient specific ITV's (2GyRBE), using spot spacings of 4 and 8mm for 1- and 3-field plans. 4D dose calculations were performed using regular and irregular motion extracted from nine 4DCT(MRI) liver datasets with 4 different starting phases...
October 7, 2016: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
Norihiro Ishii, Kenichiro Araki, Takehiko Yokobori, Mariko Tsukagoshi, Takamichi Igarashi, Akira Watanabe, Norio Kubo, Keitaro Hirai, Ken Shirabe, Hiroyuki Kuwano
INTRODUCTION: Tumours with adenocarcinoma and neuroendocrine components have often been reported, although the reason underlying the dual components remains unclear. CASE PRESENTATION: A 43-year-old woman with multiple liver metastatic lesions of rectal neuroendocrine tumour underwent primary tumour resection and subsequent liver transplantation. Pathological examination indicated a cholangiocarcinoma-like tumour with gland formation, adjacent to a liver metastatic lesion of the neuroendocrine tumour...
May 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
N A Wijetunga, M Pascual, J Tozour, F Delahaye, M Alani, M Adeyeye, A W Wolkoff, A Verma, J M Greally
The predisposition of patients with Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) involves components of viral infection, inflammation and time. The development of multifocal, genetically distinct tumours is suggestive of a field defect affecting the entire liver. The molecular susceptibility mediating such a field defect is not understood. One potential mediator of long-term cellular reprogramming is heritable (epigenetic) regulation of transcription, exemplified by DNA methylation. We studied epigenetic and transcriptional changes in HCV-infected livers in comparison with control, uninfected livers and HCC, allowing us to identify pre-neoplastic epigenetic and transcriptional events...
October 10, 2016: Oncogene
Mauricio Millan, Alejandro Delgado, Luis A Caicedo, Ana M Arrunategui, Carlos A Meneses, Jorge I Villegas, Oscar Serrano, Liliana Caicedo, Mauricio Duque, Gabriel J Echeverri
INTRODUCTION: Liver angiosarcoma is a very uncommon tumour of mesenchymal origin, representing between 0.1-2% of all primary tumours of the liver, affecting mainly men in their sixth or seventh decade of life, with a high mortality in the first years (Chaudhary et al., 2015). Literature reports of its surgical treatment vary from a total or partial hepatectomy with or without liver transplant. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 37year old male, with a 7year history of a fatty liver, was found to have a 12cm diameter tumour in a cirrhotic liver, during an abdominal Computed Tomography (CT) scan...
September 29, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Laura Lucarini, Mariaconcetta Durante, Cecilia Lanzi, Alessandro Pini, Giulia Boccalini, Laura Calosi, Flavio Moroni, Emanuela Masini, Guido Mannaioni
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a severe disease characterized by excessive myofibroblast proliferation, extracellular matrix and fibrils deposition, remodelling of lung parenchyma and pulmonary insufficiency. Drugs able to reduce disease progression are available, but therapeutic results are unsatisfactory; new and safe treatments are urgently needed. Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases-1 (PARP-1) is an abundant nuclear enzyme involved in key biological processes: DNA repair, gene expression control, and cell survival or death...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
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