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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644872/helicobacter-pylori-gene-silencing-in-vivo-demonstrates-urease-is-essential-for-chronic-infection
#1
Aleksandra W Debowski, Senta M Walton, Eng-Guan Chua, Alfred Chin-Yen Tay, Tingting Liao, Binit Lamichhane, Robyn Himbeck, Keith A Stubbs, Barry J Marshall, Alma Fulurija, Mohammed Benghezal
Helicobacter pylori infection causes chronic active gastritis that after many years of infection can develop into peptic ulceration or gastric adenocarcinoma. The bacterium is highly adapted to surviving in the gastric environment and a key adaptation is the virulence factor urease. Although widely postulated, the requirement of urease expression for persistent infection has not been elucidated experimentally as conventional urease knockout mutants are incapable of colonization. To overcome this constraint, conditional H...
June 23, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644012/sigma-2-receptor-tmem97-agonists-produce-long-lasting-anti-neuropathic-pain-effects-in-mice
#2
James J Sahn, Galo L Mejia, Pradipta R Ray, Stephen F Martin, Theodore John Price
Neuropathic pain is an important medical problem with few effective treatments. The sigma 1 receptor (σ1R) is a potential target for neuropathic pain therapeutics, and antagonists for this receptor are effective in preclinical models and are currently in phase II clinical trials. Relatively little is known about the σ2R, which has recently been identified as transmembrane protein 97 (Tmem97). We generated a series of σ1R and σ2R/Tmem97 agonists and antagonists and tested them for efficacy in the mouse spared nerve injury (SNI) model...
June 23, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643874/2-6-bis-diazaboryl-pyridine-a-superbasic-sterically-demanding-pyridine-ligand
#3
Tobias Böttcher, Daniel Himmel, Jan Schröder
Herein we present a convenient one-pot route to a sterically demanding superbasic pyridine. Functionalization of the 2,6-positions with the highly sigma-donating boryl-groups shifts the calculated gas phase basicity of the pyridine's nitrogen atom to 1012 kJ mol-1, which outperforms the 'proton sponge' 1,8-bis(dimethylamino)naphthalene (996 kJ mol-1). The diazaboryl groups are oriented orthogonal to the pyridine ring and do not block the N-position, resembling the geometry of commonly used N-heterocyclic carbenes...
June 23, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643562/book-review-implementing-the-evidence-based-practice-ebp-competencies-in-healthcare-melnyk-b-gallagher-ford-l-fineout-overholt-e-implementing-the-evidence-based-practice-ebp-competencies-in-healthcare-indianapolis-in-sigma-theta-tau-international-honor-society
#4
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643351/quality-specifications-of-routine-clinical-chemistry-methods-based-on-sigma-metrics-in-performance-evaluation
#5
Jun Xia, Su-Feng Chen, Fei Xu, Yong-Lie Zhou
INTRODUCTION: Sigma metrics were applied to evaluate the performance of 20 routine chemistry assays, and individual quality control criteria were established based on the sigma values of different assays. METHODS: Precisions were expressed as the average coefficient variations (CVs) of long-term two-level chemistry controls. The biases of the 20 assays were obtained from the results of trueness programs organized by National Center for Clinical Laboratories (NCCL, China) in 2016...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642587/systematic-comparison-of-two-whole-genome-amplification-methods-for-targeted-next-generation-sequencing-using-frozen-and-ffpe-normal-and-cancer-tissues
#6
Pedro Mendez, Li Tai Fang, David M Jablons, Il-Jin Kim
Sequencing key cancer-driver genes using formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) cancer tissues is becoming the standard for identifying the best treatment regimen. However, about 25% of all samples are rejected for genetic analyses for reasons that include too little tissue to extract enough high quality DNA. One way to overcome this is to do whole-genome amplification (WGA) in clinical samples, but only limited studies have tested different WGA methods in FFPE cancer specimens using targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS)...
June 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638560/effects-of-different-percentages-of-microhydroxyapatite-on-microhardness-of-resin-modified-glass-ionomer-and-zirconomer
#7
Farahnaz Sharafeddin, Soodabe Shoale, Mahsa Kowkabi
BACKGROUND: Hydroxyapatite (HA) is the main mineral component of the tooth structure, which exhibits considerable biological behavior and its incorporation might improve microhardness of dental materials. Microhardness of restorative materials, like glass-ionomer, is critical for the clinical longevity of restorations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the microhardness of two glass-ionomers types by incorporating different percentages of microhydroxyapatite. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study, 80 disc-shaped experimental specimens (6 mm in diameter, 2 mm in height) were prepared in 8 groups, including resin-modified glass-ionomer (RMGI, GC, Gold Label, Japan), zirconia-reinforced glass-ionomer (Zirconomer, Shofu, Kyoto, Japan), and their mixture with 0, 5, 15 and 25 wt% of microhydroxyapatite (Sigma-Aldrich, Germany)...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637895/cd4-cd8%C3%AE-double-positive-t-cells-in-skin-draining-lymph-nodes-respond-to-inflammatory-signals-from-the-skin
#8
Nana H Overgaard, Jazmina L Cruz, Jennifer A Bridge, Hendrik J Nel, Ian H Frazer, Nicole L La Gruta, Antje Blumenthal, Raymond J Steptoe, James W Wells
CD4(+)CD8(+) double-positive (DP), mature, peripheral T cells are readily detectable in a variety of species and tissues. Despite a common association with autoimmune and malignant skin disorders, however, little is understood about their role or function. Herein, we show that DP T cells are readily detectable in the blood, spleen, and peripheral lymph nodes of naïve C57BL/6 mice. DP T cells were also present in Jα18(-/-) and CD1d(-/-) mice, indicating that these cells are not NK-T cells. After skin administration of CASAC adjuvant, but not Quil A adjuvant, both total DP T cells and skin-infiltrating DP T cells increased in number...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635589/regulation-of-escherichia-coli-pathogenesis-by-alternative-sigma-factor-n
#9
James T Riordan, Avishek Mitra
σ(N) (also σ(54)) is an alternative sigma factor subunit of the RNA polymerase complex that regulates the expression of genes from many different ontological groups. It is broadly conserved in the Eubacteria with major roles in nitrogen metabolism, membrane biogenesis, and motility. σ(N) is encoded as the first gene of a five-gene operon including rpoN (σ(N)), ptsN, hpf, rapZ, and npr that has been genetically retained among species of Escherichia, Shigella, and Salmonella. In an increasing number of bacteria, σ(N) has been implicated in the control of genes essential to pathogenic behavior, including those involved in adherence, secretion, immune subversion, biofilm formation, toxin production, and resistance to both antimicrobials and biological stressors...
June 2017: EcoSal Plus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635297/medical-students-leading-quality-improvement-a-lean-six-sigma-approach-to-pain-management
#10
David Droullard, Samuel Porter, Anna Zuckerman, Daphne Monie, Judi Brendle, Henry Weil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626382/a-symptomatic-coffee-bean-acute-sigmoid-volvulus
#11
Michael Scharl, Luc Biedermann
An acute sigmoid volvulus is due to the torsion of the sigmoid colon around its mesenteric axis. It mainly occurs in elderly patients and represents an abdominal emergency requiring urgent treatment. A 53-year-old male patient with severe craniocerebral injury and traumatic subarachnoidal bleeding 3 weeks prior presented on the ward with distended abdomen without abdominal pain, muscular defense, or resistances. He featured large volume diarrhea within the last few hours without signs of bleeding. A plain abdominal X-ray demonstrated a coffee bean sign indicating a sigmoid volvulus...
May 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625982/the-novel-stress-survival-islet-2-ssi-2-predominantly-present-in-listeria-monocytogenes-strains-of-st121-is-involved-in-alkaline-and-oxidative-stress-response
#12
Eva Harter, Eva Maria Wagner, Andreas Zaiser, Sabrina Halecker, Martin Wagner, Kathrin Rychli
The food-borne pathogen Listeria (L) monocytogenes is able to survive a variety of stress conditions leading to the colonization of different niches like the food processing environment. This study focuses on the hypervariable genetic hotspot lmo0443-lmo0449 haboring three inserts: the stress survival islet 1 (SSI-1), the single-gene insert LMOf2365_0481 and two homologous genes of the non-pathogenic species L. innocua: lin0464, a putative transcriptional regulator and lin0465, an intracellular PfpI protease...
June 16, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622300/the-als-linked-e102q-mutation-in-sigma-receptor-1-leads-to-er-stress-mediated-defects-in-protein-homeostasis-and-dysregulation-of-rna-binding-proteins
#13
Alice Dreser, Jan Tilmann Vollrath, Antonio Sechi, Sonja Johann, Andreas Roos, Alfred Yamoah, Istvan Katona, Saeed Bohlega, Dominik Wiemuth, Yuemin Tian, Axel Schmidt, Jörg Vervoorts, Marc Dohmen, Cordian Beyer, Jasper Anink, Eleonora Aronica, Dirk Troost, Joachim Weis, Anand Goswami
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is characterized by the selective degeneration of motor neurons (MNs) and their target muscles. Misfolded proteins which often form intracellular aggregates are a pathological hallmark of ALS. Disruption of the functional interplay between protein degradation (ubiquitin proteasome system and autophagy) and RNA-binding protein homeostasis has recently been suggested as an integrated model that merges several ALS-associated proteins into a common pathophysiological pathway...
June 16, 2017: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621890/reference-data-for-babybody-plethysmographic-measurements-in-chinese-neonates-and-infants
#14
Gaoli Jiang, Albert Li, Libo Wang, Liling Qian, Yun Cao, Jianfeng Huang, Chengzhou Wan, Xiaobo Zhang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Population-specific pulmonary function reference data are essential to identify the nature and severity of respiratory diseases. However, there is a lack of reference data for Chinese neonates and infants. The objective of this study was to develop reference data for tidal breathing and plethysmographic measurements for Chinese subjects during the first 2 years of life. METHODS: Data of tidal breathing and plethysmography from healthy Chinese neonates (≤28 days) and infants (1-24 months) using the Jaeger MasterScreen BabyBody were collated...
June 16, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621536/substituent-effect-on-the-sigma-and-pi-electron-structure-of-the-nitro-group-and-the-ring-in-meta-and-para-substituted-nitrobenzenes
#15
Halina Szatylowicz, Anna Jezuita, Krzysztof Ejsmont, Tadeusz Marek Krygowski
An application of quantum chemical modeling allowed to investigate a substituent effect on a sigma and pi electron structure of a ring and the nitro group in a series of meta- and para-X-substituted nitrobenzene derivatives (X = NMe2, NHMe, NH2, OH, OMe, Me, H, F, Cl, CF3, CN, CHO, COMe, CONH2, COOH, NO2, and NO). The obtained pEDA and sEDA parameters (the pi and sigma electron structure characteristics of a given planar fragment of the system obtained by the summation of pi and sigma orbital occupancies, respectively) of the NO2 group and the benzene ring allowed to reveal impact of the substituents on their mutual relations as well as to analyze them from view-point of substituent characteristics...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620186/phenotypic-genotypic-and-antigenic-characterization-of-emerging-avian-reoviruses-isolated-from-clinical-cases-of-arthritis-in-broilers-in-saskatchewan-canada
#16
Lisanework E Ayalew, Ashish Gupta, Jenny Fricke, Khawaja Ashfaque Ahmed, Shelly Popowich, Betty Lockerbie, Suresh K Tikoo, Davor Ojkic, Susantha Gomis
In recent years, emerging strains of pathogenic arthrogenic avian reovirus (ARV) have become a challenge to the chicken industry across USA and Canada causing significant economic impact. In this study, we characterized emerging variant ARV strains and examined their genetic and antigenic relationship with reference strains. We isolated 37 emerging variant ARV strains from tendons of broiler chickens with clinical cases of arthritis/tenosynovitis at commercial farms in Saskatchewan, Canada. Viral characterization using immunocytochemistry, gold-immunolabeling and electron microscopy revealed distinct features characteristic of ARV...
June 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619448/the-future-of-pharmaceutical-quality-and-the-path-to-get-there
#17
Lawrence X Yu, Michael Kopcha
While six sigma quality has long been achieved in other industries, it is rarely seen in the pharmaceutical sector. However, consumers and patients deserve six sigma quality pharmaceuticals with minimal risks of shortages or recalls. We propose that the future of pharmaceutical quality is six sigma, meaning that no more than 3.4 defects occur per million opportunities. We discuss the path to get there, including economic drivers, performance-based regulation, Quality by Design, advanced manufacturing technologies, and continuous improvement and operational excellence...
June 12, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617493/the-formation-of-sesquiterpenoid-presilphiperfolane-and-cameroonane-metabolites-in-the-bcbot4-null-mutant-of-botrytis-cinerea
#18
Gabriel Franco Dos Santos, Javier Moraga, Jacqueline A Takahashi, Muriel Viaud, James R Hanson, Rosario Hernández Galán, Isidro G Collado
Botrytis cinerea is a polyphagous fungal parasite which causes serious damage to more than 200 plant species and consequent economic losses for commercial crops. This pathogen produces two families of phytotoxins, the botryanes and botcinins, which are involved in the infection mechanism. The B. cinerea genome has provided a complete picture of the genes involved in the biosynthesis of its secondary metabolites. The botrydial biosynthetic gene cluster has been identified. This cluster consists of seven genes, where the genes BcBOT1, BcBOT3 and BcBOT4 encode three mono-oxygenases...
June 15, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616017/inhibition-and-enhancement-of-neural-regeneration-by-chondroitin-sulfate-proteoglycans
#19
REVIEW
Heikki Rauvala, Mikhail Paveliev, Juha Kuja-Panula, Natalia Kulesskaya
The current dogma in neural regeneration research implies that chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs) inhibit plasticity and regeneration in the adult central nervous system (CNS). We argue that the role of the CSPGs can be reversed from inhibition to activation by developmentally expressed CSPG-binding factors. Heparin-binding growth-associated molecule (HB-GAM; also designated as pleiotrophin) has been studied as a candidate molecule that might modulate the role of CSPG matrices in plasticity and regeneration...
May 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615843/in-vitro-adaptability-of-plasmodium-falciparum-to-different-fresh-serum-alternatives
#20
Chandrajit Dohutia, Pradyumna K Mohapatra, Dibya Ranjan Bhattacharyya, Kabita Gogoi, Khukumoni Bora, Basanta K Goswami
To reduce the dependency on fresh AB(+) serum in continuous culture of Plasmodium falciparum, a comparative study was undertaken to assess the in vitro adaptability of P. falciparum to media supplemented with fresh AB(+) serum from whole blood, AB(+) plasma, serum derived from AB(+) plasma, AB(+) human serum from Sigma, Albumax II, fetal bovine serum and new born calf serum, independently and in different combinations. Combinations were used to analyze whether two different substitutes demonstrate any synergistic effect on the growth of the parasites...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
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