keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Silicate, cell wall

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178521/multiple-routes-to-smart-nanostructured-materials-from-diatom-microalgae-a-chemical-perspective
#1
REVIEW
Roberta Ragni, Stefania R Cicco, Danilo Vona, Gianluca M Farinola
Diatoms are unicellular photosynthetic microalgae, ubiquitously diffused in both marine and freshwater environments, which exist worldwide with more than 100 000 species, each with different morphologies and dimensions, but typically ranging from 10 to 200 µm. A special feature of diatoms is their production of siliceous micro- to nanoporous cell walls, the frustules, whose hierarchical organization of silica layers produces extraordinarily intricate pore patterns. Due to the high surface area, mechanical resistance, unique optical features, and biocompatibility, a number of applications of diatom frustules have been investigated in photonics, sensing, optoelectronics, biomedicine, and energy conversion and storage...
November 27, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831062/visualization-of-the-internal-structure-of-didymosphenia-geminata-frustules-using-nano-x-ray-tomography
#2
Izabela Zgłobicka, Qiong Li, Jürgen Gluch, Magdalena Płocińska, Teresa Noga, Romuald Dobosz, Robert Szoszkiewicz, Andrzej Witkowski, Ehrenfried Zschech, Krzysztof J Kurzydłowski
For the first time, the three-dimensional (3D) internal structure of naturally produced Didymosphenia geminata frustules were nondestructively visualized at sub-100 nm resolution. The well-optimized hierarchical structures of these natural organisms provide insight that is needed to design novel, environmentally friendly functional materials. Diatoms, which are widely distributed in freshwater, seawater and wet soils, are well known for their intricate, siliceous cell walls called 'frustules'. Each type of diatom has a specific morphology with various pores, ribs, minute spines, marginal ridges and elevations...
August 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772531/bioactive-glass-ceramic-scaffolds-from-novel-inorganic-gel-casting-and-sinter-crystallization
#3
Hamada Elsayed, Acacio Rincón Romero, Letizia Ferroni, Chiara Gardin, Barbara Zavan, Enrico Bernardo
Highly porous wollastonite-diopside glass-ceramics have been successfully obtained by a new gel-casting technique. The gelation of an aqueous slurry of glass powders was not achieved according to the polymerization of an organic monomer, but as the result of alkali activation. The alkali activation of a Ca-Mg silicate glass (with a composition close to 50 mol % wollastonite-50 mol % diopside, with minor amounts of Na₂O and P₂O₅) allowed for the obtainment of well-dispersed concentrated suspensions, undergoing progressive hardening by curing at low temperature (40 °C), owing to the formation of a C-S-H (calcium silicate hydrate) gel...
February 13, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651339/formation-of-silica-aggregates-in-sorghum-root-endodermis-is-predetermined-by-cell-wall-architecture-and-development
#4
Milan Soukup, Michal Martinka, Dragana Bosnic, Mária Caplovicová, Rivka Elbaum, Alexander Lux
Background and Aims: Deposition of silica in plant cell walls improves their mechanical properties and helps plants to withstand various stress conditions. Its mechanism is still not understood and silica-cell wall interactions are elusive. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of silica deposition on the development and structure of sorghum root endodermis and to identify the cell wall components involved in silicification. Methods: Sorghum bicolor seedlings were grown hydroponically with (Si+) or without (Si-) silicon supplementation...
November 10, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616960/functional-built-in-template-directed-siliceous-fluorescent-supramolecular-vesicles-as-diagnostics
#5
Jie Li, Kaerdun Liu, Hengyu Chen, Ruoyan Li, Markus Drechsler, Fan Bai, Jianbin Huang, Ben Zhong Tang, Yun Yan
Functional template directed synthesis of hybrid siliceous fluorescent vesicle (HSFV) is fabricated by using fluorescent vesicle as a built-in template. The template vesicle is the ionic self-assembly of an aggregation-induced emission (AIE) fluorogen. Upon depositing folic acid modified silica shell on its surface, the obtained HSFVs display low cytotoxicity, significant fluorescence, and targeted drug delivery toward cancer cells. Furthermore, the wall-thickness of the HSFVs can be controlled via altered concentration of silica source...
June 23, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400787/silicification-in-grasses-variation-between-different-cell-types
#6
REVIEW
Santosh Kumar, Milan Soukup, Rivka Elbaum
Plants take up silicon as mono-silicic acid, which is released to soil by the weathering of silicate minerals. Silicic acid can be taken up by plant roots passively or actively, and later it is deposited in its polymerized form as amorphous hydrated silica. Major silica depositions in grasses occur in root endodermis, leaf epidermal cells, and outer epidermal cells of inflorescence bracts. Debates are rife about the mechanism of silica deposition, and two contrasting scenarios are often proposed to explain it...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386269/silicon-and-plants-current-knowledge-and-technological-perspectives
#7
Marie Luyckx, Jean-Francois Hausman, Stanley Lutts, Gea Guerriero
Elemental silicon (Si), after oxygen, is the second most abundant element in the earth's crust, which is mainly composed of silicates. Si is not considered essential for plant growth and development, however, increasing evidence in the literature shows that this metalloid is beneficial to plants, especially under stress conditions. Indeed Si alleviates the toxic effects caused by abiotic stresses, e.g., salt stress, drought, heavy metals, to name a few. Biogenic silica is also a deterrent against herbivores...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332570/iron-minerals-within-specific-microfossil-morphospecies-of-the-1-88%C3%A2-ga-gunflint-formation
#8
Kevin Lepot, Ahmed Addad, Andrew H Knoll, Jian Wang, David Troadec, Armand Béché, Emmanuelle J Javaux
Problematic microfossils dominate the palaeontological record between the Great Oxidation Event 2.4 billion years ago (Ga) and the last Palaeoproterozoic iron formations, deposited 500-600 million years later. These fossils are often associated with iron-rich sedimentary rocks, but their affinities, metabolism, and, hence, their contributions to Earth surface oxidation and Fe deposition remain unknown. Here we show that specific microfossil populations of the 1.88 Ga Gunflint Iron Formation contain Fe-silicate and Fe-carbonate nanocrystal concentrations in cell interiors...
March 23, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300729/comparison-of-silicon-nanoparticles-and-silicate-treatments-in-fenugreek
#9
Sanam Nazaralian, Ahmad Majd, Saeed Irian, Farzaneh Najafi, Farrokh Ghahremaninejad, Tommy Landberg, Maria Greger
Silicon (Si) fertilization improves crop cultivation and is commonly added in the form of soluble silicates. However, most natural plant-available Si originates from plant formed amorphous SiO2 particles, phytoliths, similar to SiO2-nanoparticles (SiNP). In this work we, therefore, compared the effect by sodium silicate and that of SiNP on Si accumulation, activity of antioxidative stress enzymes catalase, peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, lignification of xylem cell walls and activity of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) as well as expression of genes for the putative silicon transporter (PST), defensive (Tfgd 1) and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) and protein in fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L...
June 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287077/bone-regeneration-in-3d-printing-bioactive-ceramic-scaffolds-with-improved-tissue-material-interface-pore-architecture-in-thin-wall-bone-defect
#10
Huifeng Shao, Xiurong Ke, An Liu, Miao Sun, Yong He, Xianyan Yang, Jianzhong Fu, Yanming Liu, Lei Zhang, Guojing Yang, Sanzhong Xu, Zhongru Gou
Three-dimensional (3D) printing bioactive ceramics have demonstrated alternative approaches to bone tissue repair, but an optimized materials system for improving the recruitment of host osteogenic cells into the bone defect and enhancing targeted repair of the thin-wall craniomaxillofacial defects remains elusive. Herein we systematically evaluated the role of side-wall pore architecture in the direct-ink-writing bioceramic scaffolds on mechanical properties and osteogenic capacity in rabbit calvarial defects...
April 12, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171680/diatom-life-cycles-and-ecology-in-the-cretaceous
#11
David H Jewson, David M Harwood
The earliest known diatom fossils with well-preserved siliceous frustules are from Lower Cretaceous neritic marine deposits in Antarctica. In this study, we analyzed the cell wall structure to establish whether their cell and life cycles were similar to modern forms. At least two filamentous species (Basilicostephanus ornatus and Archepyrgus melosiroides) had girdle band structures that functioned during cell division in a similar way to present day Aulacoseira species. Also, size analyses of cell diameter indicated that the cyclic process of size decline and size restoration used to time modern diatom life cycles was present in five species from the Lower Cretaceous (B...
June 2017: Journal of Phycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117976/3d-printed-bioactive-ca3sio5-bone-cement-scaffolds-with-nano-surface-structure-for-bone-regeneration
#12
Chen Yang, Xiaoya Wang, Bing Ma, Haibo Zhu, Zhiguang Huan, Nan Ma, Chengtie Wu, Jiang Chang
Silicate bioactive materials have been widely studied for bone regeneration because of their eminent physicochemical properties and outstanding osteogenic bioactivity, and different methods have been developed to prepare porous silicate bioactive ceramics scaffolds for bone-tissue engineering applications. Among all of these methods, the 3D-printing technique is obviously the most efficient way to control the porous structure. However, 3D-printed bioceramic porous scaffolds need high-temperature sintering, which will cause volume shrinkage and reduce the controllability of the pore structure accuracy...
February 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074912/influences-of-calcium-silicate-on-chemical-forms-and-subcellular-distribution-of-cadmium-in-amaranthus-hypochondriacus-l
#13
Huanping Lu, Zhian Li, Jingtao Wu, Yong Shen, Yingwen Li, Bi Zou, Yetao Tang, Ping Zhuang
A pot experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of calcium silicate (CS) on the subcellular distribution and chemical forms of cadmium (Cd) in grain amaranths (Amaranthus hypochondriacus L. Cv. 'K112') grown in a Cd contaminated soil. Results showed that the dry weight and the photosynthetic pigments contents in grain amaranths increased significantly with the increasing doses of CS treatments, with the highest value found for the treatment of CS3 (1.65 g/kg). Compared with the control, application of CS4 (3...
January 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064420/iron-incorporation-in-biosilica-of-the-marine-diatom-stephanopyxis%C3%A2-turris-dispersed-or-clustered
#14
Janine Kaden, Stephan I Brückner, Susanne Machill, Christoph Krafft, Andreas Pöppl, Eike Brunner
Iron incorporation into diatom biosilica was investigated for the species Stephanopyxis turris. It is known that several "foreign" elements (e.g., germanium, titanium, aluminum, zinc, iron) can be incorporated into the siliceous cell walls of diatoms in addition to silicon dioxide (SiO2). In order to examine the amount and form of iron incorporation, the iron content in the growth medium was varied during cultivation. Fe:Si ratios of isolated cell walls were measured by ICP-OES. SEM studies were performed to examine of a possible influence of excess iron during diatom growth upon cell wall formation...
February 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807268/cytoplasmic-inheritance-of-parent-offspring-cell-structure-in-the-clonal-diatom-cyclotella-meneghiniana
#15
Yuka Shirokawa, Masakazu Shimada
In cytoplasmic inheritance, structural states of a parent cell could be transmitted to offspring cells via two mechanisms. The first is referred to as the hangover of parent structure, where the structure itself remains and faithfully transmits within offspring cells; the second is structural inheritance, wherein the parent structure functions as a template for development of new offspring structure. We estimated to what extent the parent structure affects the development of offspring structure by structural inheritance, using a clone of the diatom Cyclotella meneghiniana The cell has two siliceous valves (a cell wall part at both cell poles): one is inherited from the parent and the other is newly formed...
November 16, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788382/dentine-pulp-tissue-engineering-in-miniature-swine-teeth-by-set-calcium-silicate-containing-bioactive-molecules
#16
Dimitrios Tziafas, Konstantinos Kodonas, Christos Gogos, Christina Tziafa, Seraphim Papadimitriou
OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to investigate whether reparative dentinogenesis could be guided at central pulpal sites or at a distance from the amputated pulp of miniature pig teeth, by using set calcium silicate-based carriers containing human recombinant bioactive molecules. DESIGN: Pulp exposures were performed in 72 permanent teeth of 4 healthy miniature swine. The teeth were capped with pre-manufactured implants of set calcium silicate-based material containing BMP-7, TGFβ1 or WnT-1, for 3 weeks...
January 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621091/mechanism-of-silica-deposition-in-sorghum-silica-cells
#17
Santosh Kumar, Yonat Milstein, Yaniv Brami, Michael Elbaum, Rivka Elbaum
Grasses take up silicic acid from soil and deposit it in their leaves as solid silica. This mineral, comprising 1-10% of the grass dry weight, improves plants' tolerance to various stresses. The mechanisms promoting stress tolerance are mostly unknown, and even the mineralization process is poorly understood. To study leaf mineralization in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), we followed silica deposition in epidermal silica cells by in situ charring and air-scanning electron microscopy. Our findings were correlated to the viability of silica cells tested by fluorescein diacetate staining...
January 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433013/diatoms-and-diatomaceous-earth-as-novel-poultry-vaccine-adjuvants
#18
A Nazmi, R Hauck, A Davis, M Hildebrand, L B Corbeil, R A Gallardo
Diatoms are single cell eukaryotic microalgae; their surface possesses a porous nanostructured silica cell wall or frustule. Diatomaceous earth (DE) or diatomite is a natural siliceous sediment of diatoms. Since silica has been proved to have adjuvant capabilities, we propose that diatoms and DE may provide an inexpensive and abundant source of adjuvant readily available to use in livestock vaccines.In a first experiment, the safety of diatoms used as an adjuvant for in-ovo vaccination was investigated. In a second experiment, we assessed the humoral immune response after one in-ovo vaccination with inactivated Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) and DE as adjuvant followed by 2 subcutaneous boosters on d 21 and 29 of age...
February 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27335204/the-evolution-of-silicon-transporters-in-diatoms
#19
Colleen A Durkin, Julie A Koester, Sara J Bender, E Virginia Armbrust
Diatoms are highly productive single-celled algae that form an intricately patterned silica cell wall after every cell division. They take up and utilize silicic acid from seawater via silicon transporter (SIT) proteins. This study examined the evolution of the SIT gene family to identify potential genetic adaptations that enable diatoms to thrive in the modern ocean. By searching for sequence homologs in available databases, the diversity of organisms found to encode SITs increased substantially and included all major diatom lineages and other algal protists...
October 2016: Journal of Phycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27305972/direct-evidence-of-the-molecular-basis-for-biological-silicon-transport
#20
Michael J Knight, Laura Senior, Bethany Nancolas, Sarah Ratcliffe, Paul Curnow
Diatoms are an important group of eukaryotic algae with a curious evolutionary innovation: they sheath themselves in a cell wall made largely of silica. The cellular machinery responsible for silicification includes a family of membrane permeases that recognize and actively transport the soluble precursor of biosilica, silicic acid. However, the molecular basis of silicic acid transport remains obscure. Here, we identify experimentally tractable diatom silicic acid transporter (SIT) homologues and study their structure and function in vitro, enabled by the development of a new fluorescence method for studying substrate transport kinetics...
2016: Nature Communications
keyword
keyword
37699
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"