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Colorectal polys

Sohei Kobayashi, Tyuji Hoshino, Takaki Hiwasa, Mamoru Satoh, Bahityar Rahmutulla, Sachio Tsuchida, Yuji Komukai, Tomoaki Tanaka, Hisahiro Matsubara, Hideaki Shimada, Fumio Nomura, Kazuyuki Matsushita
Anti-PUF60, poly(U)-binding-splicing factor, autoantibodies are reported to be detected in the sera of dermatomyositis and Sjogren's syndrome that occasionally associated with malignancies. PUF60 is identical with far-upstream element-binding protein-interacting repressor (FIR) that is a transcriptional repressor of c-myc gene. In colorectal cancers, a splicing variant of FIR that lacks exon2 (FIRΔexon2) is overexpressed as a dominant negative form of FIR. In this study, to reveal the presence and the significance of anti-FIRs (FIR/FIRΔexon2) antibodies in cancers were explored in the sera of colorectal and other cancer patients...
October 15, 2016: Oncotarget
Abdullah M Alhadheq, Jilani Purusottapatnam Shaik, Abdullah Alamri, Abdulrahman M Aljebreen, Othman Alharbi, Majid A Almadi, Faten Alhadeq, Nahla A Azzam, Abdelhabib Semlali, Mohammad Alanazi, Mohammad D Bazzi, Narasimha Reddy Parine
Background. DNA repair systems are essential for each cell to repair and maintain the genome integrity. Base excision repair pathway is one of the crucial pathways to maintain genome integrity and PARP-1 plays a key role in BER pathway. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the association between polymorphisms in PARP-1 3'untranslated region (3'UTR) SNP rs8679 and its expression in colorectal cancer. Methods. Genotyping and gene expression were performed using TaqMan assays. The effects of age, gender, and tumor location were evaluated in cases and controls regarding the genotyping results...
2016: Disease Markers
Lisa Rank, Sebastian Veith, Eva C Gwosch, Janine Demgenski, Magdalena Ganz, Marjolijn C Jongmans, Christopher Vogel, Arthur Fischbach, Stefanie Buerger, Jan M F Fischer, Tabea Zubel, Anna Stier, Christina Renner, Michael Schmalz, Sascha Beneke, Marcus Groettrup, Roland P Kuiper, Alexander Bürkle, Elisa Ferrando-May, Aswin Mangerich
Genotoxic stress activates PARP1, resulting in the post-translational modification of proteins with poly(ADP-ribose) (PAR). We genetically deleted PARP1 in one of the most widely used human cell systems, i.e. HeLa cells, via TALEN-mediated gene targeting. After comprehensive characterization of these cells during genotoxic stress, we analyzed structure-function relationships of PARP1 by reconstituting PARP1 KO cells with a series of PARP1 variants. Firstly, we verified that the PARP1\E988K mutant exhibits mono-ADP-ribosylation activity and we demonstrate that the PARP1\L713F mutant is constitutively active in cells...
September 29, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
Sneha S Kelkar, Eleanor McCabe-Lankford, Richard Albright, Phil Harrington, Nicole H Levi-Polyachenko
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Photothermal therapy (PTT) has several applications in the areas of wound healing, pain management, bacterial infection control, and cancer treatment dependent on the temperature that is generated. PTT is often used exclusively with near infrared (NIR) light and most nanoparticles (NP) used for PTT are designed to absorb within one narrow range of wavelengths. We have developed a dual-wavelength photothermal therapy by capitalizing on the dual absorption of nanoparticles in the blue and NIR range...
September 16, 2016: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Angela Paterna, Sofia E Gomes, Pedro M Borralho, Silva Mulhovo, Cecília M P Rodrigues, Maria-José U Ferreira
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Tabernaemontana elegans Stapf. (Apocynaceae) is a medicinal plant traditionally used in African countries to treat cancer. AIMS OF THE STUDY: To discover new apoptosis inducing lead compounds from T. elegans and provide scientific validation of the ethnopharmacological use of this plant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Through fractionation, (3'R)-hydroxytaberanelegantine C (1), a vobasinyl-iboga bisindole alkaloid, was isolated from a cytotoxic alkaloid fraction of the methanol extract of T...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Pezhman Salehi, Anthony Myint, Young J Kim, Marshall X Ge, Joel Lavinsky, Maria K Ho, Amanda L Crow, Charlene Cruz, Maya Monges-Hernadez, Juemei Wang, Jaana Hartiala, Li I Zhang, Hooman Allayee, Aldons J Lusis, Takahiro Ohyama, Rick A Friedman
This study aimed to investigate the genetic causes of vestibular dysfunction. We used vestibular sensory-evoked potentials (VsEPs) to characterize the vestibular function of 35 inbred mouse strains selected from the Hybrid Mouse Diversity Panel and demonstrated strain-dependent phenotypic variation in vestibular function. Using these phenotypic data, we performed the first genome-wide association study controlling for population structure that has revealed two highly suggestive loci, one of which lies within a haplotype block containing five genes (Stard6, 4930503L19Rik, Poli, Mbd2, Dcc) on Chr...
October 2016: Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology: JARO
Jian Dong, Yuanhang Zhou, Zhiwei Liao, Qi Huang, Shidong Feng, Yue Li
Human GGCT (γ-glutamyl cyclotransferase) has been shown to be upregulated in most tumors, but its role in colorectal cancer (CRC) is poorly understood. Thus, CRC cell lines, including HCT116 and SW1116, were chosen to investigate the role of GGCT by constructing a GGCT silencing cells model using lentivirus-mediated RNA interference. The knockdown efficiency was confirmed by reverse transcription-quantitative PCR and a western blot assay. Then, a set of biological functions of GGCT silencing on CRC cell was assessed by MTT, colony-formation assay, and flow cytometry analysis...
November 2016: Anti-cancer Drugs
Eun-Ji Kim, Jung Il Kang, Nguyen-Huu Tung, Young-Ho Kim, Jin Won Hyun, Young Sang Koh, Weon-Young Chang, Eun Sook Yoo, Hee-Kyoung Kang
(1S,2S,3E,7E,11E)-3,7,11,15-cembratetraen-17,2-olide (LS-1), a marine cembrenolide diterpene, has anticancer activity against colon cancer cells such as HT-29, SNU-C5/5-FU (fluorouracil-resistant SNU-C5) and SNU-C5. However, the action mechanism of LS-1 on SNU-C5 human colon cancer cells has not been fully elucidated. In this study, we investigated whether the anticancer effect of LS-1could result from apoptosis via the modulation of Wnt/β-catenin and the TGF-β pathways. When treated with the LS-1, we could observe the apoptotic characteristics such as apoptotic bodies and the increase of sub-G1 hypodiploid cell population, increase of Bax level, decrease of Bcl-2 expression, cleavage of procaspase-3 and cleavage of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase in SNU-C5 cells...
August 1, 2016: Biomolecules & Therapeutics
Young Jun Kim, Yoon-Tae Kang, Young-Ho Cho
The grafting of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) onto an SU8 microfilter has been demonstrated for efficient capture and release of circulating tumor cells (CTCs). Previous CTC filters showed low cell release efficiency due to hydrophobic surfaces, even though their capture efficiency was considerable. PEG, a hydrophilic polymeric compound mainly used to form nonfouling thin films on silicon surfaces, induces repulsive force so that the nonspecific adsorption of the surface is incomparably reduced in comparison with unmodified filter surfaces...
August 16, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Abhishek Thakur, Subhash C Mandal, Sugato Banerjee
A predominant number of diseases affecting women are related to female hormones. In most of the cases, these diseases are reported to be associated with menstrual problems. These diseases affect female reproductive organs such as the breast, uterus, and ovaries. Estrogen is the main hormone responsible for the menstrual cycle, so irregular menstruation is primarily due to a disturbance in estrogen levels. Estrogen imbalance leads to various pathological conditions in premenopausal women, such as endometriosis, breast cancer, colorectal cancer, prostate cancer, poly cysts, intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, osteoporosis, cardiovascular diseases, obesity, etc...
June 2016: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
Soraya Zorro Manrique, Ana L Dominguez, Noweeda Mirza, Christopher D Spencer, Judy M Bradley, James H Finke, James J Lee, Larry R Pease, Sandra J Gendler, Peter A Cohen
Many cancers both evoke and subvert endogenous anti-tumor immunity. However, immunosuppression can be therapeutically reversed in subsets of cancer patients by treatments such as checkpoint inhibitors or Toll-like receptor agonists (TLRa). Moreover, chemotherapy can leukodeplete immunosuppressive host elements, including myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) and regulatory T-cells (Tregs). We hypothesized that chemotherapy-induced leukodepletion could be immunopotentiated by co-administering TLRa to emulate a life-threatening infection...
June 21, 2016: Oncotarget
Ondřej Urban, Barbora Pipek, Ivana Mikoviny Kajzrlíková, Přemysl Falt, Petr Fojtík, Petr Vítek
OBJECTIVES: Piecemeal endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) is frequently used for the treatment of non-poly-poid colorectal lesions larger than 20 mm. Nevertheless, local residual neoplasia occurs (LRN) in as much as 15 % of cases. The aim of our prospective interventional study was to evaluate the efficacy of treatment of LRN under standardized conditions. METHODS: In two high volume non-university endoscopy centers, LRN has been treated according to the newly proposed classification based on endoscopic appearance by argon plasma coagulation (APC), endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) or endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD)...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Jingyu Zhang, Hua Jiang, Li Xie, Jing Hu, Li Li, Mi Yang, Lei Cheng, Baorui Liu, Xiaoping Qian
Manumycin is a natural, well-tolerated microbial metabolite and is regarded as a farnesyltransferase inhibitor. Some data suggest that manumycin inhibits proliferation of diverse cancer cells through various pathways. However, the antitumor effect of manumycin on colorectal cancer (CRC) remains unknown. In the present study, we investigated the antitumor effect of manumycin on CRC in vitro and in vivo. The results of cell viability assay revealed that the proliferation of the CRC cells was significantly inhibited by manumycin...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Mariano Licciardi, Donatella Paolino, Nicolò Mauro, Donato Cosco, Gaetano Giammona, Massimo Fresta, Gennara Cavallaro, Christian Celia
The biopharmaceutical properties of supramolecular vesicular aggregates (SVAs) were characterized with regard to their physicochemical features and compared with cationic liposomes (CLs). Neutral and cationic SVAs were synthesized using two different copolymers of poly(aspartyl hydrazide) by thin-layer evaporation and extrusion techniques. Both copolymers were self-assembled in pre-formulated liposomes and formed neutral and cationic SVAs. Gemcitabine hydrochloride (GEM) was used as an anticancer drug and loaded by a pH gradient remote loading procedure, which significantly increased drug loading inside the SVAs...
August 19, 2016: ChemMedChem
Shi-Ting Feng, Hao Li, Yanji Luo, Huasong Cai, Zhi Dong, Zhuangnian Fang, Xintao Shuai, Zi-Ping Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles (SPIO) as a magnetic resonance (MR) contrast agent to enhance tumor imaging in vivo. METHODS: Hydrophobic SPIO (oil-soluble SPIO; OSPIO) and hydrophilic SPIO (water-soluble SPIO; WSPIO) were loaded in methoxy-poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(D,L-lactic acid) (PEG-PDLLA) nanovesicles. Three groups of nude mice (n=12/group) xenografted with human colorectal carcinoma (LoVo) cells were injected into the caudal vein with WSPIO, OSPIO-loaded nanovesicles, or WSPIO-loaded nanovesicles...
2016: Current Cancer Drug Targets
Katarína Gyurászová, Jaromír Mikeš, Andrea Halaburková, Rastislav Jendželovský, Peter Fedoročko
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) represents a rapidly developing alternative treatment for various types of cancers. Although considered highly effective, cancer cells can exploit various mechanisms, including the upregulation of apoptosis inhibitors, to overcome the cytotoxic effect of PDT. Survivin, a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein family, is known to play a critical role in cancer progression and therapeutic resistance and therefore represents a potential therapeutic target. The aim of this study was to investigate whether YM155, a small molecule inhibitor of survivin expression, can potentiate the cytotoxic effect of hypericin-mediated PDT (HY-PDT)...
June 8, 2016: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
Moon Hee Lee, Su-Hyun Hong, Cheol Park, Gi-Young Kim, Sun-Hee Leem, Sung Hyun Choi, Young-Sam Keum, Jin Won Hyun, Taeg Kyu Kwon, Sang Hoon Hong, Yung Hyun Choi
Hwang-Heuk-San (HHS) is a polyherbal formulation that has been used in traditional Korean medicine for hundreds of years to treat gastrointestinal malignancy. However, to date, the mechanisms responsible for the anticancer effects remain unclear. In the present study, we investigated the anticancer effects of HHS using HCT116 human colorectal cancer (CRC) cells. Our results showed that HHS treatment significantly reduced cell survival and increased apoptotic cell death in a concentration-dependent manner. The treatment of HCT116 cells with HHS also significantly elevated the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which was followed by the attenuation of the mitochondrial membrane potential through the upregulation of Bax and the downregulation of Bcl-2, which was accompanied by the release of cytochrome c to the cytosol...
July 2016: Oncology Reports
Zhiwei Wang, Xiaoyan Wang, Jiantian Li, Cheng Yang, Zhiyuan Xing, Ruiyun Chen, Fei Xu
Rectal cancer is a malignant gastrointestinal tumor, which is associated with high morbidity and mortality. High‑mobility group protein 1 (HMGB1) is widely present in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells, and is highly conserved between humans and rodents. Recently, HMGB1 has been reported to be involved in the progression and metastasis of human cancer; however, its role in the development and metastasis of human rectal cancer remains unclear. The present study detected the expression levels of HMGB1 in pathological specimens from patients with clinically identified rectal cancer using immunohistochemistry and western blotting...
July 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Ryoko Okada-Iwasaki, Yuichi Takahashi, Yasuo Watanabe, Hiroshi Ishida, Jun-Ichi Saito, Ryuichiro Nakai, Akira Asai
The Wnt/β-catenin pathway is a well-known oncogenic pathway. Its suppression has long been considered as an important challenge in treating cancer patients. Among colon cancer patients in particular, most patients carry an adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) mutation that leads to an aberration of Wnt/β-catenin pathway. To discover the small molecule inhibitors of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, we conducted high-throughput screening in APC-mutant colon cancer DLD-1 cells using a transcriptional reporter assay, which identified a selective Wnt/β-catenin pathway inhibitor, K-756...
July 2016: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Shuxin Xu, Hongxia Fan, Li Yin, Jianhua Zhang, Anjie Dong, Liandong Deng, Hua Tang
Intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy is a preferable treatment option for peritoneal carcinomatosis of malignancies by delivering chemotherapeutic drugs into the abdominal cavity. A persistent major challenge in IP chemotherapy is the need to provide effective drug concentration in the peritoneal cavity for an extended period of time. In the present work, the thermosensitive hydrogel system (PTX/PECT(gel)) assembled by PTX (paclitaxel)-loaded amphiphilic copolymer (PECT, poly (ε-caprolactone-co-1,4,8-trioxa [4...
July 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
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