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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097182/the-role-of-mass-media-in-iranian-youth-s-premarital-sexual-relationships-a-qualitative-study
#1
Fariba Taleghani, Effat Al Sadat Merghati Khoie, Mahnaz Noroozi, Mahgol Tavakoli, Ali Gholami
BACKGROUND: Youth's sexual behaviors have various consequences such as unwanted pregnancy, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and sexually transmitted infections. Little information is available about the impact of mass media in the development of premarital sexual relationships. This study aimed to explore the role of mass media on premarital sexual relationships among Iranian youth. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted with 26 single boys and girls aged 18-24 years who were living in Isfahan, Iran and have already been started their sexual relationships...
January 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024683/how-can-a-state-control-swallowing-the-home-use-of-abortion-pills-in-ireland
#2
Sally Sheldon
Evidence suggests that there is widespread home use of abortion pills in Ireland and that ending a pregnancy in this way is potentially safer than the alternatives available to many women. This paper argues that there is a strong case for women with unwanted pregnancies to be offered truthful and objective information regarding the use of abortion pills by trusted local professionals and, further, that this is possible within existing law. A move in this direction would not, however, negate the need for legal reform to address the fundamental moral incoherence of a law that treats women who terminate pregnancies within Ireland as criminals but those who travel to access services overseas as victims in need of support...
November 2016: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013257/use-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-and-the-risk-of-listeriosis-a-nationwide-registry-based-case-control-study
#3
Anne Kvistholm Jensen, Jacob Simonsen, Steen Ethelberg
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) may increase the risk for listeriosis. We aimed to investigate a potential association in cases of non-pregnancy associated listeriosis, using registry data. METHODS: We conducted a population-based case-control study using Danish health registries. Case-patients (n=721) were defined as patients ≥45 years notified with listeriosis, July 1994 to December 2012. We selected 34,800 control-subjects by risk-set sampling...
December 24, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009664/effectiveness-of-non-pharmacological-interventions-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-psychological-and-social-morbidity-in-women-who-have-an-elective-abortion-a-systematic-review-protocol
#4
María Dolores Castillo-Bueno, Josefa Patricia Moreno-Pina, Maria Angeles Castaño-Molina, Marta González-Sánchez, Isabel García-Arsac
The objective of this review is to synthesize the best available evidence on the effectiveness of non-pharmacological interventions for the prevention and management of psychological and social morbidity in women who have an elective abortion.The specific review question that will be addressed is: In women (aged 13 years or more) with unwanted pregnancies who decide to have an elective abortion, which non-pharmacological interventions should be provided before, during and after the elective abortion procedure both in community and hospital environments to prevent and manage psychological and social morbidity?...
December 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993907/prevalence-and-correlates-of-sexual-and-gender-based-violence-against-chinese-adolescent-women-who-are-involved-in-commercial-sex-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Xu-Dong Zhang, Sierra Myers, Hong-Juan Yang, Yun Li, Ji-Hong Li, Wei Luo, Stanley Luchters
OBJECTIVES: Despite the vast quantity of research among Chinese female sex workers (FSWs) to address concerns regarding HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) risk, there is a paucity of research on issues of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) and the missed opportunity for sexual and reproductive health (SRH) promotion among young FSWs. Our research aimed to assess the prevalence and correlates of SGBV among Chinese adolescent FSWs, and to explore SRH service utilisation. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study using a one-stage cluster sampling method was employed...
December 19, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987349/differentials-in-variables-associated-with-past-history-of-artificial-abortion-and-current-contraception-by-age-results-of-a-randomized-national-survey-in-japan
#6
Takao Kojo, Ryusuke Ae, Satoshi Tsuboi, Yosikazu Nakamura, Kunio Kitamura
AIM: This study analyzes differentials in the variables associated with the experience of artificial abortion (abortion) and use of contraception by age among women in Japan. METHODS: The 2010 National Lifestyle and Attitudes Towards Sexual Behavior Survey was distributed to 2693 men and women aged 16-49 selected from the Japanese population using a two-stage random sampling procedure. From the 1540 respondents, we selected 700 women who reported having had sexual intercourse at least once...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981741/lesbian-and-bisexual-women-s-likelihood-of-becoming-pregnant-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
K Hodson, C Meads, S Bewley
BACKGROUND: Few data exist regarding pregnancy in lesbian and bisexual (LB) women. OBJECTIVES: To determine the likelihood of LB women becoming pregnant, naturally or assisted, in comparison with heterosexual women SEARCH STRATEGY: Systematic review of papers published 1 January 2000 to 23 June 2015. SELECTION CRITERIA: Studies contained details of pregnancy rates among LB women compared with heterosexual women. No restriction on study design...
December 15, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942101/unintended-pregnancy-among-antenatal-women-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-north-central-nigeria
#8
Teddy E Agida, Godwin O Akaba, Bissalla A Ekele, Francis Adebayo
BACKGROUND: Unintended pregnancy is a pregnancy that is either unwanted or mistimed. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of unintended pregnancy as well as to document the determinant factors among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic at the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Gwagwalada, Abuja, Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study of 300 women attending the antenatal clinic of the Teaching Hospital...
November 2016: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938868/antenatal-and-postnatal-risk-factors-of-postpartum-depression-symptoms-in-thai-women-a-case-control-study
#9
Chutima Roomruangwong, Sinaporn Withayavanitchai, Michael Maes
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of different predictors on the incidence and severity of postpartum depression (PPD) symptoms in a Thai population. METHODS: In this case control study we delineate the clinical, demographic and socio-economic risk factors associated with PPD symptoms. We used the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) 4-6 weeks postpartum to divide parturients into those with (n = 53) and without (n = 260) PPD using a cutoff score of 11...
December 2016: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899410/-repeat-abortion-a-phrase-to-be-avoided-qualitative-insights-into-labelling-and-stigma
#10
Lesley Hoggart, Victoria Louise Newton, Louise Bury
BACKGROUND: In recent years there has been growing international interest in identifying risk factors associated with 'repeat abortion', and developing public health initiatives that might reduce the rate. This article draws on a research study looking at young women's abortion experience in England and Wales. The study was commissioned with a specific focus on women who had undergone more than one abortion. We examine what may influence women's post-abortion reproductive behaviour, in addition to exploring abortion-related stigma, in the light of participants' own narratives...
January 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892820/addressing-adolescents-risk-and-protective-factors-related-to-risky-behaviours-findings-from-a-school-based-peer-education-evaluation-in-the-western-cape
#11
Furzana Timol, Mohammed Yacoob Vawda, Arvin Bhana, Benita Moolman, Mokhantso Makoae, Sharlene Swartz
BACKGROUND: Peer-education programmes aim to bring about attitudinal and behavioural changes in their target audience. In the South African educational context, peer education is a favoured approach in dealing with issues such as HIV and AIDS, sexual decision-making and substance misuse. Given the reliance on peer-education programmes in the educational system, it is important to establish how well they are working. This study aims to assess the effect of an extensive, structured, time-limited, curriculum-based, peer-led educational programme on first-year high school learners in public schools in the Western Cape Province of South Africa...
December 2016: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885958/articulating-reproductive-justice-through-reparative-justice-case-studies-of-abortion-in-great-britain-and-south-africa
#12
Catriona Ida Macleod, Siân Beynon-Jones, Merran Toerien
Public health and rights-based approaches to abortion advocacy are well established. Feminists are, however, increasingly using a broader framework of 'reproductive justice', which considers the intersecting conditions that serve to enhance or hinder women's reproductive freedoms, including their capacities to decide about the outcome of their pregnancies. Nonetheless, reproductive justice approaches to abortion are, conceptually, relatively under-developed. We introduce a reparative justice approach as a method of further articulating the concept of reproductive justice...
November 25, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876484/zika-a-missed-opportunity-to-protect-women-s-health-and-prevent-unwanted-pregnancies
#13
Katherine P Theall, Maeve Wallace, Dawn M Wesson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849266/predictive-factors-of-abortion-among-teenagers-with-obstetric-experience
#14
Thatiana Araújo Maranhão, Keila Rejane Oliveira Gomes, Idna de Carvalho Barros
Objective: To analyze the predictive factors of abortion among teenagers with gestational history. Methods: Cross-sectional study carried out with 464 teenagers aged between 15 and 19 years, from Teresina, Piauí, who completed a pregnancy in the first quarter of 2006 in six city maternity hospitals. Data were collected from May to December 2008, at the teenagers' home, after their identification in the hospital records. For the univariate analysis of data, descriptive statistics was used, and for bivariate analysis, Pearson's χ2-test and Z-test were applied...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835639/the-effects-of-ghana-s-national-health-insurance-scheme-on-maternal-and-infant-health-care-utilization
#15
Igna Bonfrer, Lyn Breebaart, Ellen Van de Poel
Increasing equitable access to health care is a main challenge African policy makers are facing. The Ghanaian government implemented the National Health Insurance Scheme in 2004 and the aim of this study is to evaluate its early effects on maternal and infant healthcare use. We exploit data on births before and after the intervention and apply propensity score matching to limit the bias arising from self-selection into the health insurance. About forty percent of children had a mother who is enrolled in this insurance...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807792/emtonjeni-a-structural-intervention-to-integrate-sexual-and-reproductive-health-into-public-sector-hiv-care-in-cape-town-south-africa-results-of-a-phase-ii-study
#16
J E Mantell, D Cooper, T M Exner, J Moodley, S Hoffman, L Myer, C-S Leu, D Bai, E A Kelvin, K Jennings, Z A Stein, D Constant, V Zweigenthal, N Cishe, N Nywagi
Integration of sexual and reproductive health within HIV care services is a promising strategy for increasing access to family planning and STI services and reducing unwanted pregnancies, perinatal HIV transmission and maternal and infant mortality among people living with HIV and their partners. We conducted a Phase II randomized futility trial of a multi-level intervention to increase adherence to safer sex guidelines among those wishing to avoid pregnancy and adherence to safer conception guidelines among those seeking conception in newly-diagnosed HIV-positive persons in four public-sector HIV clinics in Cape Town...
November 2, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805547/cost-effectiveness-of-increasing-access-to-contraception-during-the-zika-virus-outbreak-puerto-rico-2016
#17
Rui Li, Katharine B Simmons, Jeanne Bertolli, Brenda Rivera-Garcia, Shanna Cox, Lisa Romero, Lisa M Koonin, Miguel Valencia-Prado, Nabal Bracero, Denise J Jamieson, Wanda Barfield, Cynthia A Moore, Cara T Mai, Lauren C Korhonen, Meghan T Frey, Janice Perez-Padilla, Ricardo Torres-Muñoz, Scott D Grosse
We modeled the potential cost-effectiveness of increasing access to contraception in Puerto Rico during a Zika virus outbreak. The intervention is projected to cost an additional $33.5 million in family planning services and is likely to be cost-saving for the healthcare system overall. It could reduce Zika virus-related costs by $65.2 million ($2.8 million from less Zika virus testing and monitoring and $62.3 million from avoided costs of Zika virus-associated microcephaly [ZAM]). The estimates are influenced by the contraception methods used, the frequency of ZAM, and the lifetime incremental cost of ZAM...
January 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800111/understanding-abortion-related-stigma-and-incidence-of-unsafe-abortion-experiences-from-community-members-in-machakos-and-trans-nzoia-counties-kenya
#18
Erick Kiprotich Yegon, Peter Mwaniki Kabanya, Elizabeth Echoka, Joachim Osur
INTRODUCTION: The rate of unsafe abortions in Kenya has increased from 32 per 1000 women of reproductive age in 2002 to 48 per 1000 women in 2012. This is one of the highest in Sub-Saharan Africa. In 2010, Kenya changed its Constitution to include a more enabling provision regarding the provision of abortion services. Abortion-related stigma has been identified as a key driver in silencing women's ability to reproductive choice leading to seeking to unsafe abortion. We sought to explore abortion-related stigma at the community level as a barrier to women realizing their rights to a safe, legal abortion and compare manifestations of abortion stigma at two communities from regions with high and low incidence of unsafe abortion...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798048/the-prevalence-of-unplanned-pregnancy-ending-in-birth-associated-factors-and-health-outcomes
#19
J Goossens, Y Van Den Branden, L Van der Sluys, I Delbaere, A Van Hecke, S Verhaeghe, D Beeckman
STUDY QUESTION: What are associated factors of unplanned pregnancies ending in birth? SUMMARY ANSWER: Pregnancies that were less planned were associated with women of lower socio-economic status (SES), an unhealthier lifestyle before and during the pregnancy, more stress, and less social support. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In Europe, the prevalence of unplanned pregnancy leading to birth varies. Unplanned pregnancy is more common among socially disadvantaged women, and associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes...
October 24, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788415/increasing-possibilities-increasing-dilemmas-a-qualitative-study-of-swedish-midwives-experiences-of-ultrasound-use-in-pregnancy
#20
Kristina Edvardsson, Ann Lalos, Annika Åhman, Rhonda Small, Sophie Graner Md PhD, Ingrid Mogren
OBJECTIVE: to explore Swedish midwives' experiences and views of the use of obstetric ultrasound in clinical management of pregnancy, and in situations where maternal and fetal health interests conflict. DESIGN: an exploratory qualitative study based on focus group discussions (FGDs) was undertaken in 2013 as part of the CROss Country Ultrasound Study (CROCUS). Data were analysed using qualitative content analysis. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: midwives (N=25) were recruited from four public hospitals located in the northern and central parts of Sweden...
November 2016: Midwifery
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