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Sexual and reproductive health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781292/adaptation-of-the-contraceptive-behavior-scale-for-mexican-heterosexual-populations
#1
María Luisa Flores Arias, Jane Dimmitt Champion, Norma Elva Sáenz Soto, Vianet Nava Navarro, Lucia Caudillo Ortega
INTRODUCTION: The Contraceptive Behavior Scale requires adaptation for use by health professionals among Mexican heterosexual populations of reproductive age. METHODS: Cross-sectional, descriptive, correlational design assessed adaptation of the Contraceptive Behavior Scale. RESULTS: Six hundred Mexican men and women of reproductive age (18-35 years) were recruited from a second-level health care unit in a metropolitan area in Mexico. Exploratory factor analysis identified two factors with an explanatory variance of 69...
January 1, 2018: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779428/understanding-men-s-elevated-alcohol-use-gender-equity-ideologies-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-married-couples-in-rural-india
#2
Anindita Dasgupta, Jay Silverman, Niranjan Saggurti, Mohan Ghule, Balaiah Donta, Madhusudana Battala, Saritha Nair, Velhal Gajanan, Anita Raj
Qualitative evidence suggests that husbands' inequitable gender equity (GE) ideologies may influence associations between husbands' alcohol use and intimate partner violence (IPV) against wives. However, little quantitative research exists on the subject. To address this gap in the literature, associations of husbands' elevated alcohol use and GE ideologies with wives' reports of IPV victimization among a sample of married couples in Maharashtra, India, were examined. Cross-sectional analyses were conducted using data from the baseline sample of the Counseling Husbands to Achieve Reproductive Health and Marital Equity (CHARM) study...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778584/evaluating-the-capacity-of-california-s-publicly-funded-universities-to-provide-medication-abortion
#3
Sarah Raifman, Patricia Anderson, Shelly Kaller, Diane Tober, Daniel Grossman
OBJECTIVE: To explore the capacity of the University of California (UC) and California State University (CSU) student health centers to provide medication abortion (MA), to identify gaps in resources required to implement proposed Senate Bill 320, which would mandate the provision of MA on UC and CSU campuses, and to explore California student health center staff perspectives on the benefits and challenges of providing MA. STUDY DESIGN: UC and CSU student health center (SHC) staff participated in a self-administered online survey; we conducted in-depth data collection including site visits and conference calls at a subset of campuses...
May 17, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777642/reaching-urban-female-adolescents-at-key-points-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-transitions-evidence-from-a-longitudinal-study-from-kenya
#4
Ilene S Speizer, Lisa M Calhoun, David K Guilkey
Urban areas include large numbers of adolescents (ages 15-19) and young adults (ages 20-24) who may have unmet sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs. Worldwide, adolescents contribute 11% of births, many of which are in low and middle-income countries. This study uses recently collected longitudinal data from urban Kenyan women to examine the association between targeted intervention activities and adolescents' SRH transitions. The focus was on a female adolescent (15-19) sample and their transition to first sex and first pregnancy/birth...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777641/social-norms-and-adolescents-sexual-health-an-introduction-for-practitioners-working-in-low-and-mid-income-african-countries
#5
Beniamino Cislaghi, Holly Shakya
Donors, practitioners and scholars are increasingly interested in harnessing the potential of social norms theory to improve adolescents' sexual and reproductive health outcomes. However, social norms theory is multifaceted, and its application in field interventions is complex. An introduction to social norms that will be beneficial for those who intend to integrate a social norms perspective in their work to improve adolescents' sexual health in Africa is presented. First three main schools of thought on social norms, looking at the theoretical standpoint of each, are discussed...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774803/-the-financial-is-the-main-issue-it-s-not-even-the-child-exploring-the-role-of-finances-in-men-s-concepts-of-fatherhood-and-fertility-intention
#6
Megan Hamm, Elizabeth Miller, Lovie Jackson Foster, Mario Browne, Sonya Borrero
Despite demonstrable need, men's utilization of sexual and reproductive health services remains low. This low utilization may particularly affect low-income men, given the disproportionate prevalence of unintended pregnancy in low-income populations. Bolstering men's utilization of sexual and reproductive health services requires understanding the services that are most relevant to them. Semistructured interviews about fatherhood, fertility intention, and contraceptive use were conducted with 58 low-income Black and White men in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773084/sexual-and-reproductive-health-concerns-of-persons-with-disability-in-india-an-issue-of-deep-rooted-silence
#7
Seema Sharma, Muthusamy Sivakami
SummaryGlobal estimates suggest that over a billion people live with a disability that is significant enough to affect their daily lives. According to the 2011 Indian Census, India alone has about 26.8 million people with disabilities. Research suggests that persons with disabilities (PwDs) in India are among the most neglected, stigmatized, poor and least educated of the world's population, and women with disabilities in India are the most marginalized, both socially and economically. They bear the triple burden of being discriminated against through being 'women' (socially marginal beings), 'disabled' (incapacitated, inefficient and undesirable) and 'women with disabilities' (the weakest of the weak), often becoming socially invisible...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772278/zika-virus-incidence-preventive-and-reproductive-behaviors-correlates-from-new-survey-data
#8
Climent Quintana-Domeque, José Raimundo Carvalho, Victor Hugo de Oliveira
During the outbreak of the Zika virus, Brazilian health authorities recommended that pregnant women take meticulous precaution to avoid mosquito bites and that women in general use contraceptive methods to postpone/delay pregnancies. In this article, we present new estimates on the Zika virus incidence, its correlates and preventive behaviors in the Northeast of Brazil, where the outbreak initiated, using survey data collected between March 30th and June 3rd of 2016. The target population were women aged 15-49 in the capital cities of the nine states of the Northeast region of Brazil...
May 1, 2018: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768459/use-of-modern-contraceptive-methods-and-its-association-with-qol-among-nepalese-female-migrants-living-in-japan
#9
Richa Shah, Junko Kiriya, Akira Shibanuma, Masamine Jimba
INTRODUCTION: Modern contraceptive use among migrants may be limited due to factors such as language barriers, socio-economic condition, and inadequate knowledge. Limited evidence is available on the factors associated with the use of modern contraceptive methods by migrants in Japan. Moreover, evidence remains scarce on the quality of life (QOL) of migrants in relation to contraceptive use. As the Nepalese migrant population in Japan is increasing, this study was conducted to address their sexual and reproductive health issues...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767714/comparing-postnatal-development-of-gonadal-hormones-and-associated-social-behaviors-in-rats-mice-and-humans
#10
Margaret R Bell
Postnatal development includes dramatic changes in gonadal hormones and the many social behaviors they help regulate, both in rodents and humans. Parental care-seeking is the most salient social interaction in neonates and infants, play and pro-social behaviors are commonly studied in juveniles, and the development of aggression and sexual behavior begins in peripubertal stages but continues through late adolescence into adulthood. While parental behaviors are shown after reproductive success in adulthood, alloparenting behaviors are actually high in juveniles as well...
May 14, 2018: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760884/habitat-constraints-on-carotenoid-based-coloration-in-a-small-euryhaline-teleost
#11
Francesco Cavraro, Giulia Gheno, Renzo Ganzerla, Matteo Zucchetta, Piero Franzoi, Stefano Malavasi
Display of bright and striking color patterns is a widespread way of communication in many animal species. Carotenoid-based coloration accounts for most of the bright yellow, orange, and red displays in invertebrates, fish, amphibians, reptiles, and birds, being widely considered a signal of individual health. This type of coloration is under the influence of several factors, such as sexual selection, predator pressure, pigment availability, and light transmission. Fish offer numerous examples of visual communication by means of color patterns...
May 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758049/user-evaluations-offer-promise-for-pod-intravaginal-ring-as-a-drug-delivery-platform-a-mixed-methods-study-of-acceptability-and-use-experiences
#12
Kate M Guthrie, Rochelle K Rosen, Sara E Vargas, Melissa L Getz, Lauren Dawson, Melissa Guillen, Jaime J Ramirez, Marc M Baum, Kathleen L Vincent
BACKGROUND: Effective HIV prevention requires efficient delivery of safe and efficacious drugs and optimization of user adherence. The user's experiences with the drug, delivery system, and use parameters are critical to product acceptability and adherence. Prevention product developers have the opportunity to directly control a drug delivery system and its impact on acceptability and adherence, as well as product efficacy. Involvement of potential users during preclinical design and development can facilitate this process...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753598/defining-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-rights-for-all
#13
Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Natalia Kanem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753597/accelerate-progress-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-rights-for-all-report-of-the-guttmacher-lancet-commission
#14
REVIEW
Ann M Starrs, Alex C Ezeh, Gary Barker, Alaka Basu, Jane T Bertrand, Robert Blum, Awa M Coll-Seck, Anand Grover, Laura Laski, Monica Roa, Zeba A Sathar, Lale Say, Gamal I Serour, Susheela Singh, Karin Stenberg, Marleen Temmerman, Ann Biddlecom, Anna Popinchalk, Cynthia Summers, Lori S Ashford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753596/addressing-the-unfinished-agenda-on-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-rights-in-the-sdg-era
#15
Elizabeth Zuccala, Richard Horton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753595/sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-rights-for-all-an-urgent-need-to-change-the-narrative
#16
Isaac Adewole, Alejandro Gavira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752836/effect-of-a-diagonal-intervention-on-uptake-of-hiv-and-reproductive-health-services-by-female-sex-workers-in-three-sub-saharan-african-cities
#17
Yves Lafort, Letitia Greener, Faustino Lessitala, Sophie Chabeda, Ross Greener, Mags Beksinska, Peter Gichangi, Sally Griffin, Jenni A Smit, Matthew Chersich, Wim Delva
OBJECTIVES: To enhance uptake of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services by female sex workers (FSWs), we conducted an implementation study in which we piloted and tested context-specific 'diagonal' interventions, combining vertical, targeted interventions with horizontally improved access to the general health services, in three cities in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: We collected indicators of SRH service uptake through face-to-face interviews with approximately 400 FSWs, pre- and post-intervention, in Durban, South Africa; Tete, Mozambique; and Mombasa, Kenya, recruited by respondent-driven sampling...
May 12, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749878/audit-of-a-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-programme-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men-delivered-through-an-integrated-sexual-reproductive-health-service
#18
Carys Knapper, Humphrey Birley, Irene Parker
Following the Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation statement in November 2015 advising a human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programme targeting men who have sex with men (MSM) up to the age of 45 attending Genitourinary medicine and HIV services, we launched a HPV vaccination programme for MSM to be delivered through our Integrated Sexual Reproductive Health drop-in service across Newport and the South East Wales Valleys from 1 August 2016. Over the first 18 months of the vaccination programme 539 of the 693 (77%) eligible MSM who attended clinics where the vaccine was available commenced vaccination...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743519/transdermal-water-in-oil-nanocarriers-of-nitric-oxide-for-triggering-penile-erection
#19
Eunryel Nam, Saejong Yoo, Hwi-Yool Kim, Young-Rok Kim, Yun Jung Heo
Men's sexual health can have significant effects on a man's self-esteem, sexual relationship and male reproductive functions. Although commercially available drugs (e.g., VIAGRA and CIALIS) show effective treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED), patients with severe ED fail to respond to these medicines. Topical nitric-oxide (NO) delivery to penis can be a painless, alternative solution with severe ED because NO triggers erection and diffuses to the trabecular arteries and smooth muscles in the penis. We here develop water-in-oil (W/O) nanoemulsions (NEs) that contain NO and can directly spread on the penis...
May 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742760/functioning-in-women-with-cervical-cancer-in-brazil-the-perspective-of-experts
#20
Luciana Castaneda, Anke Bergmann, Shamyr Castro, Rosalina Koifman
OBJECTIVE:  The objective of this study was to identify the perspective of the specialists about functioning in women with cervical cancer (CC). METHODS:  A study was conducted with specialists using the Delphi methodology. The specialist contacts were found in oncology organizations and associations, as well as in a referral hospital in the treatment of CC. The questions that the experts answered covered the biopsychosocial domains of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)...
May 9, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
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