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Sexual and reproductive health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527372/dreams-deferred-contextualizing-the-health-and-psychosocial-needs-of-undocumented-asian-and-pacific-islander-young-adults-in-northern-california
#1
May Sudhinaraset, Irving Ling, Tu My To, Jason Melo, Thu Quach
There are currently 1.5 million undocumented Asians and Pacific Islanders (APIs) in the US. Undocumented API young adults, in particular, come of age in a challenging political and social climate, but little is known about their health outcomes. To our knowledge, this is the first study to assess the psychosocial needs and health status of API undocumented young adults. Guided by social capital theory, this qualitative study describes the social context of API undocumented young adults (ages 18-31), including community and government perceptions, and how social relationships influence health...
May 10, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525320/sexual-and-reproductive-health-priorities-of-adolescent-girls-in-lagos-nigeria-findings-from-free-listing-interviews
#2
Juliet Iwelunmor, Sarah Blackstone, Ucheoma Nwaozuru, Donaldson Conserve, Patricia Iwelunmor, John E Ehiri
Background Adolescent girls in Nigeria experience a disproportionately high burden of sexual and reproductive health disparities that affect their well-being. Yet, little is known about adolescent girls' own unique perspectives of the sexual and reproductive health challenges they face, and possible solutions to these challenges. Aims To explore top sexual and reproductive health concerns of female adolescents in Nigeria and their perceptions regarding potential solutions to these issues. Methods Eighty adolescent girls attending two public secondary schools in Lagos, Nigeria completed individual free-listing interviews...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525319/preparation-for-sexual-and-reproductive-self-care-in-iranian-adolescent-girls-a-qualitative-study
#3
Zainab Alimoradi, Nourossadat Kariman, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Masoumeh Simbar
Background Adolescence is one of the most important stages in every individual's life. Pubertal changes and acquiring reproduction capability require adolescents to perform special health care processes. Also the possibility of involvement in high-risk sexual behaviors endangers adolescent girls' sexual and reproductive health. Objective Increase and deepen the understanding and knowledge of the factors affecting Iranian adolescent girls' readiness to take care of their sexual and reproductive health. Materials and methods The present qualitative study was conducted using conventional content analysis method...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524747/health-care-students-at-an-argentinean-school-of-medicine-are-they-well-prepared-to-provide-quality-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services
#4
Belén Provenzano-Castro, Silvia Oizerovich, Babill Stray-Pedersen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to assess what students of the University of Buenos Aires School of Medicine learn about sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and rights, focusing particularly on their knowledge of accessibility to contraception and abortion legislation. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, self-administered, anonymous questionnaires were administered to 760 first year students and to 695 final year students from different fields of study (medicine, midwifery, nursing, radiology, nutrition, speech therapy and physiotherapy) between 2011 and 2013...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514992/sexual-difficulties-faced-by-men-in-the-solomon-islands-a-mixed-methods-study
#5
Paraniala Silas C Lui, Michael P Dunne, Philip Baker, Verzilyn Isom
Background: To date there has been little research into men's sexual and reproductive health in Pacific Island countries. The aim of this study was to describe men's sexual difficulties and barriers to their seeking reproductive health care in the Solomon Islands. Methods: The study included qualitative inquiry (17 individual interviews and three focus group discussions with a total of 21 men) and a quantitative quasi-randomised quota sample household survey (n=400). The prevalence of sexual difficulties and potential risk factors, such as chronic diseases, health risk behaviours, depression and psychological distress were measured using standardised questions translated into pidgin...
May 18, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511666/barriers-and-facilitators-of-access-to-maternal-services-for-women-with-disabilities-scoping-review-protocol
#6
Doreen Mheta, Tivani P Mashamba-Thompson
BACKGROUND: The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) emphasises the increasing equitable coverage of quality health care and provision of integrated services as means of reducing maternal mortality. Despite so much effort being placed on improved access to maternity health care, studies show that women with disabilities are being systemically excluded from the mainstream maternal health services. The proposed scoping review aims to map literature on the barriers and facilitators of access to maternal services for women with disabilities...
May 16, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511413/knowledge-attitude-and-perception-of-sex-education-among-school-going-adolescents-in-ambala-district-haryana-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Randhir Kumar, Anmol Goyal, Parmal Singh, Anu Bhardwaj, Anshu Mittal, Sachin Singh Yadav
INTRODUCTION: Adolescence is a highly dynamic period characterised by rapid growth and development. Adolescents have limited knowledge about sexual and reproduction health, and know little about the natural processes of puberty, sexual health, pregnancy or reproduction. Sex education should be an integral part of the learning process beginning in childhood and continuing into adult life, because it is lifelong process. AIM: This study was carried out to identify the knowledge and attitude of imparting sex education in school going adolescents in rural and urban area of Ambala district...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509570/learners-perspectives-on-the-provision-of-condoms-in-south-african-public-schools
#8
W E de Bruin, S Panday-Soobrayan
A stubborn health challenge for learners in South African public schools concerns sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). In 2015, the Department of Basic Education (DBE) proposed the provision of condoms and SRHR-services to learners in schools. This study aimed to contribute to the finalisation and implementation of DBE's policy by exploring learners' perspectives on the provision of condoms and SRHR-services in schools. Sixteen focus group discussions were conducted with learners (n = 116) from 33 public schools, to assess their attitudes, social influences, and needs and desires regarding condom provision and SRHR-services in schools...
May 16, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506737/detection-of-genital-chlamydial-and-gonococcal-infection-using-urine-samples-a-community-based-study-from-india
#9
Anjana Krishnan, Sasidharanpillai Sabeena, Parvati V Bhat, Veena Kamath, Maity Hindol, Vahid Rajabali Zadeh, Govindakarnavar Arunkumar
Sexually transmitted infections (STI) have a major impact on the reproductive health of women. Among the different etiological agents of STIs, Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae are the main bacterial pathogens that cause sexually transmitted infections in women. The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of genital chlamydial and gonococcal infection among women in the age group of 18-65 years from a community-based setting. A community-based cross-sectional study was performed using the archived urine samples (n=811) of women in the age group of 18-65 years for C...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499751/expanding-access-to-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-through-nursing-education
#10
Monica R McLemore, Amy J Levi
Thoughtful, unbiased, evidence-based content in nursing education is crucial for the development of confident and competent nurses who provide care in every setting. The purpose of this article is twofold: to provide evidence to show that comprehensive sexual and reproductive health care by nurses is informed by educational exposure to content and to provide recommendations for change at the individual, institutional, and structural levels to improve and expand sexual and reproductive health services.
May 9, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499629/non-obstructive-reproductive-tract-anomalies-a-review-of-surgical-management
#11
REVIEW
Bethany Skinner, Elisabeth H Quint
Mullerian anomalies include a spectrum of anatomic variants of the genital tract arising from abnormal embryologic development, ranging from incomplete resorption of uterine septa to complete vaginal agenesis. Non-obstructive anomalies are often recognized later than obstructive anomalies, as women do not present with pain. However, non-obstructive anomalies frequently have a negative impact on sexual and reproductive health, and careful evaluation and management of these disorders is warranted. This review will focus on the surgical management of non-obstructive Mullerian anomalies...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499527/contraception-menarche-to-menopause
#12
REVIEW
Erin E Tracy
Contraception services should be part of routine health care maintenance in reproductive-aged women, especially in light of the fact that approximately 50% of pregnancies in the United States remain unplanned. Barrier methods, especially condoms, may play a role in sexually transmitted disease prevention but are less efficacious for pregnancy avoidance. There are several available hormonal contraceptive options, including the combination hormonal pill, progestin-only pill, combination hormonal patches and rings, injectable progestins, implantable progestins, intrauterine devices (copper or progestin), and permanent sterilization...
June 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494770/exploring-linkages-between-research-policy-and-practice-in-the-netherlands-perspectives-on-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-rights-knowledge-flows
#13
Billie de Haas, Anke van der Kwaak
BACKGROUND: The attention to and demand for stronger linkages between research, policy and practice are increasing, especially in fields concerned with sensitive and challenging issues such as sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). The study described in this article was conducted in the Netherlands among actors working in international development, especially the domain of SRHR. It explores the perceived flow of knowledge between research, policy and practice, the perceived impeding factors, and suggested strategies for improvement...
May 12, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493283/the-current-status-of-research-on-the-integration-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-hiv-services
#14
Charlotte E Warren, Susannah H Mayhew, Jonathan Hopkins
Integration of services for sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV has been widely promoted globally in the belief that both clients and health providers benefit through improvements in quality, efficient use of resources, and lower costs, helping to maximize limited health resources and provide comprehensive client-centered care. This article builds on the growing body of research on integrated sexual SRH and HIV services. It brings together critical reviews on issues within the wider SRH and rights agenda and synthesizes recent research on integrated services, drawing on the Integra Initiative and other major research...
May 10, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482992/barriers-to-use-of-family-planning-methods-among-heterosexual-mexican-couples
#15
María Luisa Flores Arias, Jane Dimmitt Champion, Norma Elva Sáenz Soto, Marlene Tovar, Sandra Paloma Esparza Dávila
BACKGROUND: Family planning has become increasingly important as a fundamental component of sexual health and as such is offered via public health systems worldwide. Identification of barriers to use of family planning methods among heterosexual couples living in Mexico is indicated to facilitate access to family planning methods. METHODS: Barriers to family planning methods were assessed among Mexican heterosexual, sexually active males and females of reproductive age, using a modified Spanish version of the Barriers to the Use of Family Planning Methods scale (Cronbach's alpha = ...
May 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482905/availability-of-family-planning-services-and-quality-of-counseling-by-faith-based-organizations-a-three-country-comparative-analysis
#16
Janine Barden-O'Fallon
BACKGROUND: Faith-based organizations (FBOs) have a long history of providing health services in developing countries and are important contributors to healthcare systems. Support for the wellbeing of women, children, and families is evidenced through active participation in the field of family planning (FP). However, there is little quantitative evidence on the availability or quality of FP services by FBOs. METHODS: The descriptive analysis uses facility-level data collected through recent Service Provision Assessments in Malawi (2013-14), Kenya (2010), and Haiti (2012) to examine 11 indicators of FP service and method availability and nine indicators of comprehensive and quality counseling...
May 8, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478835/the-hormonal-sensitivity-hypothesis-a-review-and-new-findings
#17
Carley J Pope, Kirsten Oinonen, Dwight Mazmanian, Suzanne Stone
Previous women's health practitioners and researchers have postulated that some women are particularly sensitive to hormonal changes occurring during reproductive events. We hypothesize that some women are particularly sensitive to hormonal changes occurring across their reproductive lifespan. To evaluate this hypothesis, we reviewed findings from the existing literature and findings from our own lab. Taken together, the evidence we present shows a recurring pattern of hormonal sensitivity at predictable but different times across the lifespan of some women (i...
May 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476154/cluster-randomized-evaluation-of-adolescent-girls-empowerment-programme-agep-study-protocol
#18
Paul C Hewett, Karen Austrian, Erica Soler-Hampejsek, Jere R Behrman, Fiammetta Bozzani, Natalie A Jackson-Hachonda
BACKGROUND: Adolescents in less developed countries such as Zambia often face multi-faceted challenges for achieving successful transitions through adolescence to early adulthood. The literature has noted the need to introduce interventions during this period, particularly for adolescent girls, with the perspective that such investments have significant economic, social and health returns to society. The Adolescent Girls Empowerment Programme (AGEP) was an intervention designed as a catalyst for change for adolescent girls through themselves, to their family and community...
May 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476127/research-capacity-building-through-north-south-south-networking-towards-true-partnership-an-exploratory-study-of-a-network-for-scientific-support-in-the-field-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health
#19
K Van der Veken, L Belaid, T Delvaux, V De Brouwere
BACKGROUND: We explored the perceptions of members of the Network for Scientific Support in the field of Sexual and Reproductive Health (NetSRH) on North-South-South networking and on constraints and perspectives for South-led research. METHODS: An exploratory qualitative study was conducted 18 months after the network was launched. In-depth interviews were carried out with NetSRH members (n = 15) affiliated to southern research institutions. A thematic analysis was done and N-Vivo 10 software used...
May 5, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474560/redox-regulation-of-fertility-in-aging-male-and-the-role-of-antioxidants-a-savior-or-stressor
#20
Kristian Leisegang, Ralf Henkel, Ashok Agarwal
Oxidative stress (OS), an imbalance between reactive oxygen species (ROS) and antioxidant scavengers, is considered an important underlying mechanism associated with ageing, age-related chronic diseases and reproductive decline in males. However, OS is an important regulator of numerous molecular pathways essential for homeostasis within cells, tissues and systems. A fine balance between factors promoting OS and those that scavenge ROS is critically important. In the male reproductive tract and ejaculate, ROS are critical molecular players in essential reproductive processes, including spermatogenesis, epididymal transport, spermatozoa maturation and post-ejaculation processes such as motility, capacitation and the acrosome reaction...
October 19, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
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