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Sexual and reproductive health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741282/reproductive-health-concerns-among-substance-using-women-in-community-corrections-in-new-york-city-understanding-the-role-of-environmental-influences
#1
Anindita Dasgupta, Alissa Davis, Louisa Gilbert, Dawn Goddard-Eckrich, Nabila El-Bassel
Women living in urban settings who are engaged in the criminal justice system are disproportionately affected by HIV and also contend with poor sexual and reproductive health (SRH). While studies have examined environmental influences of HIV, few have examined how these influences relate to poor SRH among this population. We used baseline data from an HIV-risk reduction study among substance-using women with a pregnancy history in community corrections in New York City (N = 299). We examined risk environment factors typically associated with HIV, and SRH outcomes of abortion, and miscarriage...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737003/facilitators-and-barriers-of-participation-in-a-longitudinal-research-on-migrant-families-in-badalona-spain-a-qualitative-approach
#2
Cristina Hernando, Meritxell Sabidó, Jordi Casabona
Migrant populations are under-represented in health research. We conducted a community-based qualitative study with the aim to examine the willingness, barriers, facilitators and reasons for participating in longitudinal health research among migrants. In Badalona and Santa Coloma de Gramanet (Barcelona) from May to November 2014, 26 individual interviews and 8 discussion groups were conducted with a convenience sample of 76 migrants born in Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, Morocco, Pakistan and China; and 9 key informants...
July 24, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733191/ethnomedicobotanical-study-of-indigenous-knowledge-on-medicinal-plants-used-for-the-treatment-of-reproductive-problems-in-nalbari-district-assam-india
#3
Simi Talukdar, Partha Pradip Adhikari, Ananta Borah
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Reproductive problems are evolving as most predominant health care problems in many countries, furthermore, WHO, 2012 exemplified maternal illnesses, birth asphyxia and post birth difficulties, are rising at an alarming rate.Not all abnormalities of the human reproductive system have the same origin; the effects on reproductive problems would likely be affected by both male and female. For easy accessibility and affordability medicinal plants play a key role in primary healthcare care services in India and their use is an integral part of the cultural heritage...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730062/challenges-faced-by-women-with-disabilities-in-accessing-sexual-and-reproductive-health-in-zimbabwe-the-case-of-chitungwiza-town
#4
Tafadzwa Rugoho, France Maphosa
BACKGROUND: Women with disabilities in Zimbabwe face numerous challenges in accessing sexual and reproductive health. Cultural belief still regards them as not sexually active. The government has also failed to promote policies that facilitate access to sexual and reproductive services by women with disabilities. OBJECTIVES: The reseach objectives were to explore the challenges faced by women with disabilities in accessing sexual and reproductive health in Zimbabwe...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727833/refugee-and-migrant-women-s-engagement-with-sexual-and-reproductive-health-care-in-australia-a-socio-ecological-analysis-of-health-care-professional-perspectives
#5
Zelalem B Mengesha, Janette Perz, Tinashe Dune, Jane Ussher
BACKGROUND: In Australia only 2.2% of published health research has focused on multi-cultural health despite the increase of culturally and linguistically diverse populations. Research on the perceptions and experiences of health care professionals (HCPs) in engaging with refugee and migrant women is also lacking. Given the integral role of HCPs in providing sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care for these populations, an understanding of the challenges they experience is required...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727731/pregnancy-incidence-and-intention-after-hiv-diagnosis-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-canada
#6
Kate Salters, Mona Loutfy, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Deborah Money, Neora Pick, Lu Wang, Shahab Jabbari, Allison Carter, Kath Webster, Tracey Conway, Daniele Dubuc, Nadia O'Brien, Karene Proulx-Boucher, Angela Kaida
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy incidence rates among women living with HIV (WLWH) have increased over time due to longer life expectancy, improved health status, and improved access to and HIV prevention benefits of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). However, it is unclear whether intended or unintended pregnancies are contributing to observed increases. METHODS: We analyzed retrospective data from the Canadian HIV Women's Sexual and Reproductive Health Cohort Study (CHIWOS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721183/infertility-in-the-global-south-raising-awareness-and-generating-insights-for-policy-and-practice
#7
T Gerrits, F Van Rooij, T Esho, W Ndegwa, J Goossens, A Bilajbegovic, A Jansen, B Kioko, L Koppen, S Kemunto Migiro, S Mwenda, H Bos
Infertility is a highly prevalent reproductive health condition in the global South, which often has a devastating impact on the people concerned. Yet, thus far it hardly received any attention from policy makers, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) or donors working in the field of Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR). For this reason we have set up a project to increase knowledge and awareness about infertility and childlessness among those stakeholders and organizations and to generate insight into (possible) interventions in this field...
March 2017: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720106/caretaker-adolescent-communication-on-sexual-and-reproductive-health-a-cross-sectional-study-in-unguja-tanzania-zanzibar
#8
Saada A Seif, Thecla W Kohi, Candida S Moshiro
BACKGROUND: Caretakers/parents/caregivers/guardians play important roles in improving Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) of adolescents. Caretaker-adolescent sexual communication suggested to influence young people's sexual behaviours. Despite this significance, the communication is believed to be low in Unguja due to the increase of risky sexual behaviours among adolescents. This study assessed the pattern of such communication using IMB model as a framework. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study targeted caretakers of adolescents aged 15-19...
July 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715243/deficits-in-young-men-s-knowledge-about-accessing-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services
#9
Melina Bersamin, Deborah A Fisher, Arik V Marcell, Laura J Finan
OBJECTIVE: The The current study aimed to examine (1) gender differences in college students' knowledge of sexual and reproductive health care (K-SRHC) service access points, and (2) the relationship between demographic and psychosocial factors and college students' overall K-SRHC service access points. METHODS AND PARTICIPANTS: Self-report online surveys were administered to 18- and 19-year-old college students from a northern California public university (N = 183; 39...
July 17, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712136/the-built-environment-and-sexual-and-reproductive-health
#10
Tinashe Dune, Thomas Astell-Burt, Rubab Firdaus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 16, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709634/examining-the-role-of-the-pediatric-emergency-department-in-reducing-unintended-adolescent-pregnancy
#11
Michelle Solomon, Gia M Badolato, Lauren S Chernick, Maria E Trent, James M Chamberlain, Monika K Goyal
OBJECTIVES: To determine pregnancy risk and receptiveness to emergency department (ED)-based pregnancy prevention interventions among adolescents accessing care in the ED. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional electronic survey of adolescent females in a pediatric ED used to calculate the Pregnancy Risk Index, a validated measure estimating the annual risk of becoming pregnant based on recent sexual activity, contraceptive method(s), method-specific contraceptive failure rates, and interest in receipt of ED-based contraceptive services...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709042/perinatal-exposure-of-pregnant-rats-to-cypermethrin-delays-testicular-descent-impairs-fertility-in-f1-male-progeny-leading-to-developmental-defects-in-f2-generation
#12
Dipty Singh, Sharad Bhagat, Paula Raijiwala, Vikas Dighe, Geeta Vanage
Cypermethrin (CYP) is a widely used synthetic pyrethroid insecticide and regarded as a potential endocrine disruptor. CYP exposure may pose a great risk to human health including adverse effect on their reproductive functions. This study aimed to delineate the effects of perinatal exposure of rats to CYP on the sexual maturation and fertility of F1 male progeny. Pregnant rats (F0) were gavaged daily with CYP (0, 1, 10, 25 mg/kg BW/day) and Diethylestilbestrol (DES, 10 μg/kg BW/day), as positive control from gestation day 6 to postnatal day 21...
July 4, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705166/looking-back-and-moving-forward-can-we-accelerate-progress-on-adolescent-pregnancy-in-the-americas
#13
Sonja Caffe, Marina Plesons, Alma Virginia Camacho, Luisa Brumana, Shelly N Abdool, Silvia Huaynoca, Katherine Mayall, Lindsay Menard-Freeman, Luis Andres de Francisco Serpa, Rodolfo Gomez Ponce de Leon, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli
Adolescent fertility rates in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) remain unacceptably high, especially compared to the region's declining total fertility rates. The Region has experienced the slowest progress of all regions in the world, and shows major differences between countries and between subgroups in countries. In 2013, LAC was also noted as the only region with a rising trend in pregnancies in adolescents younger than 15 years. In response to the lack of progress in the LAC region, PAHO/WHO, UNFPA and UNICEF held a technical consultation with global, regional and country-level stakeholders to take stock of the situation and agree on strategic approaches and priority actions to accelerate progress...
July 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703726/motherhood-and-risk-for-human-immunodeficiency-virus-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-female-sex-workers-in-the-mexico-us-border-region
#14
Argentina E Servin, Elizabeth Reed, Kimberly C Brouwer, Carlos Magis-Rodriguez, Sabrina Boyce, Steffanie A Strathdee, Jay G Silverman
BACKGROUND: Globally, female sex workers (FSWs) have been identified as a high-risk group for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). However, as women of reproductive age, FSWs also have children. Few studies have investigated if financial responsibilities associated with motherhood increase women's vulnerability to HIV and STIs among FSWs. METHODS: From March 2013 to March 2014, 603 FSWs aged ≥18 years were recruited from Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez (Mexico) to participate in a study assessing HIV/STI risk environments...
August 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697769/a-nurse-delivered-clinic-based-intervention-to-address-intimate-partner-violence-among-low-income-women-in-mexico-city-findings-from-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Jhumka Gupta, Kathryn L Falb, Oriana Ponta, Ziming Xuan, Paola Abril Campos, Annabel Arellano Gomez, Jimena Valades, Gisele Cariño, Claudia Diaz Olavarrieta
BACKGROUND: Rigorous evaluations of health sector interventions addressing intimate partner violence (IPV) in low- and middle-income countries are lacking. We aimed to assess whether an enhanced nurse-delivered intervention would reduce IPV and improve levels of safety planning behaviors, use of community resources, reproductive coercion, and mental quality of life. METHODS: We randomized 42 public health clinics in Mexico City to treatment or control arms. In treatment clinics, women received the nurse-delivered session (IPV screening, supportive referrals, health/safety risk assessments) at baseline (T1), and a booster counselling session after 3 months (T2)...
July 12, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691337/integrating-cervical-cancer-screening-and-preventive-treatment-with-family-planning-and-hiv-related-services
#16
Heather L White, Alejandra Meglioli, Raveena Chowdhury, Olivia Nuccio
Cervical cancer is a leading cause of mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa-in large part because of inadequate coverage of screening and preventive treatment services. A number of programs have begun integrating cervical cancer prevention services into existing family planning or HIV/AIDS service delivery platforms, to rapidly expand "screen and treat" programs and mitigate cervical cancer burden. Drawing upon a review of literature and our experiences, we consider benefits and challenges associated with such programs in Sub-Saharan Africa...
July 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687969/impact-of-zika-virus-for-infertility-specialists-current-literature-guidelines-and-resources
#17
REVIEW
Jamie P Dubaut, Nelson I Agudelo Higuita, Alexander M Quaas
In the past 2 years, Zika virus has emerged from obscurity onto the world stage-traversing and transcending clinical specialties, basic science disciplines, and public health efforts. The spread of Zika virus has serious implications for the specialty of reproductive endocrinology and infertility. Our patients, practices, and labs-worldwide and specifically in the USA-have been impacted by this teratogenic, sexually transmitted, largely asymptomatic virus. While the World Health Organization's Public Emergency of International Concern designation has lapsed as major epidemics have subsided and understanding of risks is in part clarified, the acute and long-term threat to pregnant patients is not over...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682121/regulation-and-resistance-negotiation-of-premarital-sexuality-in-the-context-of-migrant-and-refugee-women
#18
Alexandra J Hawkey, Jane M Ussher, Janette Perz
Constructions of normative sexuality shape the sexual scripts that women are permitted to adopt and the manner in which such sexuality can be expressed. We explored experiences and constructions of premarital sexuality among migrant and refugee women recently resettled in Sydney, Australia, and Vancouver, Canada. A total of 78 semistructured individual interviews and 15 focus groups composed of 82 participants were undertaken with women who had migrated from Afghanistan, Iraq, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Sri Lanka, and South America...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680856/sertoli-cells-are-susceptible-to-zikv-infection-in-mouse-testis
#19
Zi-Yang Sheng, Na Gao, Zhao-Yang Wang, Xiao-Yun Cui, De-Shan Zhou, Dong-Ying Fan, Hui Chen, Pei-Gang Wang, Jing An
Flaviviruses including Dengue virus (DENV), Yellow fever virus (YFV), West Nile virus (WNV), and Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) are global health problems that caused several serious diseases such as fever, hemorrhagic fever, and encephalitis in the past century. Recently, Zika virus (ZIKV) which spreads from Asia to American and causes millions of infections emerges as a new dangerous member of the genus of Flavivirus. Unlike other well-known flaviviruses, ZIKV can be transmitted sexually and infect testes in murine models...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680137/sexual-and-reproductive-health-in-rheumatic-disease
#20
REVIEW
Monika Østensen
Family size is reduced among patients with rheumatic diseases. The causes for the low number of children are multifactorial and include impaired sexual function, decreased gonadal function, pregnancy loss, therapy and personal choices. Sexuality contributes to quality of life in patients with rheumatic disease, but is often ignored by health professionals. Both disease-related factors and psychological responses to chronic disease can impair sexual functioning. Toxic effects of anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive drugs can induce transient or permanent gonadal failure in women and men...
August 2017: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
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