Read by QxMD icon Read

Safe abortion

Ali S Haider, Christopher S Graffeo, Avital Perry, Lucas P Carlstrom, Terry C Burns
Insular gliomas were previously considered inoperable lesions and were typically treated via biopsy, chemotherapy and/or radiation, if not observation alone. Stereotactic biopsies of low grade insular gliomas can underestimate tumor grade or fail to establish malignancy. Moreover, the survival advantages of maximal safe resection for insular lesions are increasingly being recognized. As such, early surgical resection is increasingly being performed. As with most lesions, a differential diagnosis exists for apparent insular gliomas, with definitive diagnosis generally obtained upon resection...
January 11, 2018: Curēus
Katerini T Storeng, Jennifer Palmer, Judith Daire, Maren O Kloster
Global health donors increasingly embrace international non-governmental organisations (INGOs) as partners, often relying on them to conduct political advocacy in recipient countries, especially in controversial policy domains like reproductive health. Although INGOs are the primary recipients of donor funding, they are expected to work through national affiliates or counterparts to enable 'locally-led' change. Using prospective policy analysis and ethnographic evidence, this paper examines how donor-funded INGOs have influenced the restrictive policy environments for safe abortion and family planning in South Sudan and Malawi...
March 14, 2018: Global Public Health
Mohamed A Eshra
Colloid cysts of the third ventricle are considered as benign lesions. The clinical manifestations are not clear in most of cases. Many treatment options are available and endoscopic removal of the cysts proves to be a very successful method especially if the lateral ventricles are moderately or severely dilated. Sometimes, we faced cases with non- or mildly dilated ventricles which may add more risks to the operation, limit the radicality of removal, or abort the procedure entirely. Sixteen cases of colloid cyst with mildly dilated ventricles were operated upon between 2008 and 2016 using the rigid endoscopic system...
March 12, 2018: Neurosurgical Review
Shannon N Nees, Jonathan N Flyer, Anjali Chelliah, Jeffrey D Dayton, Lorraine Touchette, David Kalfa, Paul J Chai, Emile A Bacha, Brett R Anderson
OBJECTIVES: Anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery (AAOCA) from the opposite sinus of Valsalva is a rare cardiac anomaly associated with sudden cardiac death (SCD). Single-center studies describe surgical repair as safe, although medium- and long-term effects on symptoms and risk of SCD remain unknown. We sought to describe outcomes of surgical repair of AAOCA. METHODS: We reviewed institutional records for patients who underwent AAOCA repair, from 2001 to 2016, at 2 affiliated institutions...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Yao Wang, Yun Sun, Wen Di, Yan-Ping Kuang, Bing Xu
OBJECTIVE: To establish an effective and safe clinical fertility strategy by investigating the relationship between abortion history and pregnancy outcomes of in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment. METHODS: In the present retrospective cohort study, data from IVF treatment cycles performed at a reproductive center in China between October 1, 2014, and October 31, 2015, were assessed. Outcomes were compared between women with a history of induced abortion and those without...
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Barbara Sutton, Elizabeth Borland
In recent years, there have been calls in activist spaces to 'queer' abortion rights advocacy and to incorporate non-normative notions of gender identity and sexuality into abortion struggles and services. Argentina provides an interesting site in which to examine these developments, since there is a longstanding movement for abortion rights in a context of illegal abortion and a recent ground-breaking Gender Identity Law that recognises key trans rights. In this paper, we analyse public documents from the abortion rights movement's main coalition - the National Campaign for the Right to Legal, Safe and Free Abortion - alongside interviews with 19 Campaign activists to examine shifts and tensions in contemporary abortion rights activism...
March 6, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Denys Fontaine, Serena Santucci, Michel Lanteri-Minet
Cluster headache (CH) is a primary headache and considered as one of the worst pains known to man. The sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) plays a pivotal role in cranial autonomic symptoms associated with pain. Lesioning procedures involving the SPG and experimental acute SPG stimulation have shown some degree of efficacy with regard to CH. A neuromodulation device, chronically implanted in the pterygopalatine fossa, has been specifically designed for acute on-demand SPG stimulation. In a pilot placebo-controlled study in 28 patients suffering from refractory chronic CH, alleviation of pain was achieved in 67...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
Muhammad S Zafar, Alejandra M Stewart, David N Toupin, Aaron M Cook, Robert J Baumann
OBJECTIVE: This study describes the use of continuous intravenous valproate as an abortive therapy for pediatric status migrainosus. BACKGROUND: Intravenous valproate as a bolus dose has been shown to be an effective abortive therapy for status migrainosus in children; however, Valproate's pharmacokinetic profile suggests that it would be safer and more therapeutic as a continuous infusion. This dosing strategy results in less serum concentration fluctuations, more consistent therapeutic effects, and less adverse effects...
March 2018: Neurologist
Jenna Jerman, Tsuyoshi Onda, Rachel K Jones
OBJECTIVE: To examine the motivations and circumstances of individuals seeking information about self-abortion on the Internet. STUDY DESIGN: We identified 26 terms that we anticipated someone might use to find information about self-abortion on the internet. Users who entered these terms into the Google search engine were provided with a link to our survey via Google AdWords. We fielded the survey over a 32-day period; users were eligible if accessing the survey from a U...
February 22, 2018: Contraception
Salvatore Butticè, Antonio Simone Laganà, Salvatore Giovanni Vitale, Christopher Netsch, Yiloren Tanidir, Francesco Cantiello, Laurian Dragos, Michele Talso, Esteban Emiliani, Rosa Pappalardo, Tarik Emre Sener
OBJECTIVE: Clinical presentation of ureteral stones during pregnancy is generally with renal colic pain. The aim of this study is to present our experience in the management of renal colic during pregnancy in emergency settings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 208 pregnant patients who presented to emergency department with renal colic pain and underwent ureteroscopy (URS) due to failed conservative therapy were enrolled in the study. Urinary tract stones were diagnosed either with ultrasound (US) examination or during URS...
December 31, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
Maria Lisa Odland, Gladys Membe-Gadama, Ursula Kafulafula, Geir W Jacobsen, James Kumwenda, Elisabeth Darj
Malawi has a high maternal mortality rate, of which unsafe abortion is a major cause. About 140,000 induced abortions are estimated every year, despite there being a restrictive abortion law in place. This leads to complications, such as incomplete abortions, which need to be treated to avoid further harm. Although manual vacuum aspiration (MVA) is a safe and cheap method of evacuating the uterus, the most commonly used method in Malawi is curettage. Medical treatment is used sparingly in the country, and the Ministry of Health has been trying to increase the use of MVA...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Berna Haliloglu Peker, Erdin Ilter, Hakan Peker, Aygen Celik, Ali Gursoy, Onur Gunaldi
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy for a case of uterine prolapse in a 12 weeks and 3 days pregnant woman. To our knowledge, this is the first case of laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy performed at 12th weeks of gestation to be reported in literature. DESIGN: A step-by-step explanation of the surgical procedure (Canadian Task Force classification III) SETTING: Uterine prolapse is very rare condition manifesting in an estimated 10000 to 15000 pregnancies (1)...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Jessica Y Shim, Ashlesha Patel
We report two patients with bilateral pulmonary embolism who presented to our county hospital reproductive health services clinic. Both patients underwent an uncomplicated first trimester aspiration abortion while on therapeutic unfractionated heparin therapy. Anticoagulation therapy may be modified to safely perform first trimester surgical termination without significant blood loss.
February 8, 2018: Contraception
Anurag Chaudhary, Mahesh Satija, Sarit Sharma, Surinderpal Singh, Sangeeta Girdhar
Introduction: In India, little is known about the reproductive behavior during earlier years of married life of women, when they are more vulnerable to reproductive ill health and early child bearing with very few interventions available. Objective: The objective of this study is to follow a cohort of newly married women immediately after marriage until their first pregnancy outcome to gain an insight into their reproductive behavior so that important opportunities could be identified for intervention...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
H Rees, D Pillay, S Mullick, M Chersich
Progress in reducing unintended pregnancies in South Africa is slow. The implant, introduced in 2014, expanded the range of available longacting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) and held much promise. Uptake, however, has declined precipitously, in spite of its ‘unmatched effectiveness’ and high levels of satisfaction for most users. We propose policy and provider interventions to raise implant use, underscored by a ‘LARC-first’ approach. Contraceptive counselling should focus on the particular benefits of LARCs and methods be presented in order of effectiveness...
November 1, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Domenico Gerardo Iacopino, Cesare Gagliardo, Antonella Giugno, Giuseppe Roberto Giammalva, Alessandro Napoli, Rosario Maugeri, Francesca Graziano, Francesca Valentino, Giuseppe Cosentino, Marco D'Amelio, Tommaso Vincenzo Bartolotta, Carlo Catalano, Brigida Fierro, Massimo Midiri, Roberto Lagalla
OBJECTIVE Transcranial magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound surgery (tcMRgFUS) is one of the emerging noninvasive technologies for the treatment of neurological disorders such as essential tremor (ET), idiopathic asymmetrical tremor-dominant Parkinson's disease (PD), and neuropathic pain. In this clinical series the authors present the preliminary results achieved with the world's first tcMRgFUS system integrated with a 1.5-T MRI unit. METHODS The authors describe the results of tcMRgFUS in a sample of patients with ET and with PD who underwent the procedure during the period from January 2015 to September 2017...
February 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
Ruvani T Jayaweera, Felistah Mbithe Ngui, Kelli Stidham Hall, Caitlin Gerdts
BACKGROUND: Safe and legal abortions are rarely practiced in the public health sector in Kenya, and rates of maternal mortality and morbidity from unsafe abortion is high. Little is known about women's experiences seeking and accessing abortion in informal settlements in Nairobi, Kenya. METHODS: Seven focus group discussions were conducted with a total of 71 women and girls recruited from an informal settlement in Nairobi. The interview guide explored participants' perceptions of unplanned pregnancy, abortion, and access to sexual and reproductive health information in their community...
2018: PloS One
Susy Wendot, Rachel H Scott, Inviolata Nafula, Isaac Theuri, Edward Ikiugu, Katharine Footman
BACKGROUND: Integration of family planning counselling and method provision into safe abortion services is a key component of quality abortion care. Numerous barriers to post-abortion family planning (PAFP) uptake exist. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a quality management intervention for providers on PAFP uptake. METHODS: We conducted a pre- and post-intervention study between November 2015 and July 2016 in nine private clinics in Western Kenya. We collected baseline and post-intervention data using in-person interviews on the day of procedure, and follow-up telephone interviews to measure contraceptive uptake in the 2 weeks following abortion...
January 19, 2018: Reproductive Health
Corinne H Rocca, Mahesh Puri, Prabhakar Shrestha, Maya Blum, Dev Maharjan, Daniel Grossman, Kiran Regmi, Philip D Darney, Cynthia C Harper
BACKGROUND: Expanding access to medication abortion through pharmacies is a promising avenue to reach women with safe and convenient care, yet no pharmacy provision interventions have been evaluated. This observational non-inferiority study investigated the effectiveness and safety of mifepristone-misoprostol medication abortion provided at pharmacies, compared to government-certified public health facilities, by trained auxiliary nurse-midwives in Nepal. METHODS: Auxiliary nurse-midwives were trained to provide medication abortion through twelve pharmacies and public facilities as part of a demonstration project in two districts...
2018: PloS One
Maria Manuel Costa, Sandra Belo, Pedro Souteiro, João S Neves, Daniela Magalhães, Rita B Silva, Sofia C Oliveira, Paula Freitas, Ana Varela, Joana Queirós, Davide Carvalho
AIM: We aimed to evaluate the impact of bariatric surgery (BS) on maternal and fetal outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective, descriptive, observational study of 39 pregnant women who underwent BS in our institution between 2010 and 2014 was carried out. A sample of women who became pregnant after BS was evaluated, based on data concerning pregnancy, childbirth, and newborns. RESULTS: Of the 1182 patients who underwent BS at our institution during the study period, 1016 (85...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"