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Comprehensive sexuality education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789019/adolescents-perceptions-and-experiences-of-pregnancy-in-refugee-and-migrant-communities-on-the-thailand-myanmar-border-a-qualitative-study
#1
Carine Asnong, Gracia Fellmeth, Emma Plugge, Nan San Wai, Mupawjay Pimanpanarak, Moo Kho Paw, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, François Nosten, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy remains a global health concern, contributing to 11% of all births worldwide and 23% of the overall burden of disease in girls aged 15-19 years. Premature motherhood can create a negative cycle of adverse health, economic and social outcomes for young women, their babies and families. Refugee and migrant adolescent girls might be particularly at risk due to poverty, poor education and health infrastructure, early marriage, limited access to contraception and traditional beliefs...
May 22, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781968/infusing-social-justice-in-undergraduate-nursing-education-fostering-praxis-through-simulation
#2
Robyn Caldwell, Courtney Cochran
SCOPE OF THE PROBLEM: Forensic clinical experiences are often inconsistent in undergraduate nursing education. Nursing students are not included in the process of forensic evidence collection, often because of the sensitive nature of the situation. Unfortunately, nursing students are forced to rely on theoretical knowledge provided by the nurse educator to understand the complexities of forensic nursing care. Nursing students must be able to identify and provide appropriate nursing care for individuals in all forensic situations...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770101/resources-to-address-stigma-related-to-sexuality-substance-use-and-sexually-transmitted-and-blood-borne-infections
#3
R MacLean
Background: Stigma is widely recognized as a significant barrier to the prevention, management and treatment of sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections (STBBIs) in Canada. Despite major advances in STBBI prevention and treatment, and global efforts to reduce stigma, people living with or affected by STBBIs continue to experience stigma within health and social service settings in Canada. Objective: To describe the development, content and evaluation of knowledge translation resources and training workshops designed to equip health and social service professionals with the knowledge and skills needed to provide more respectful and inclusive sexual health, harm reduction and STBBI services...
February 1, 2018: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737926/teachers-conflicting-cultural-schemas-of-teaching-comprehensive-school-based-sexuality-education-in-kampala-uganda
#4
Billie de Haas, Inge Hutter
Teachers can feel uncomfortable teaching sexuality education when the content conflicts with their cultural values and beliefs. However, more research is required to understand how to resolve conflicts between teachers' values and beliefs and those implicit in comprehensive approaches to sexuality education. This study uses cultural schema theory to identify teachers' cultural schemas of teaching sexuality education and the internal conflicts arising between them. In-depth interviews were conducted with 40 secondary school teachers in Kampala, the capital city of Uganda...
May 8, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721601/-boys-health-survey-between-gender-gap-and-information-backlog
#5
S Grundl, J Kranz, J Rosellen, C Steffens, J Steffens
BACKGROUND: Early detection examinations take place from birth to the age of 6 years. The youth screening is a continuation of the screening of the "U-series" and should be carried out between the age of 12-15 and 16-17, respectively. Afterwards adolescent girls have good contact with a gynecologist, but adolescent boys usually do not have a medical contact person who they can trust in. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To evaluate the state of knowledge on boys' health, a 15-item comprehensive knowledge survey was conducted among ninth grade students at 7 secondary schools (Gymnasien) in North Rhine-Westphalia...
May 2, 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720047/comprehensive-sexuality-education-as-a-primary-prevention-strategy-for-sexual-violence-perpetration
#6
Madeline Schneider, Jennifer S Hirsch
Sexual violence (SV) represents a serious public health problem with high rates and numerous health consequences. Current primary prevention strategies to reduce SV perpetration have been shown to be largely ineffective-not surprisingly, since as others have pointed out current prevention largely fails to draw on existing knowledge about the characteristics of effective prevention. In this article, we examine the potential of K-12 comprehensive sexuality education (CSE), guided by the National Sexuality Education Standards (NSES), to be an effective strategy...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703181/disparities-in-risky-sexual-behavior-among-khat-chewer-and-non-chewer-college-students-in-southern-ethiopia-a-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#7
Eyasu Ware, Gurmesa Tura, Tsedach Alemu, Eshetu Andarge
BACKGROUND: Risky sexual behavior (RSB) and its consequence among school adolescents and youths have been well understood. It is still a common practice among college and university students living away from their controlling families compounded with the ever-worsening khat chewing habits. However, the relation between khat chewing and RSB is not well studied particularly among college students in Ethiopia. Hence, this study contributes to the literature by examining disparities of RSB among khat chewer and non-chewer students in Southern Ethiopia with the purpose of improving adolescent and youth health...
April 27, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701075/knowledge-about-hiv-hbv-and-hcv-modes-of-transmission-among-pregnant-women-in-nampula-mozambique
#8
Eusébio Chaquisse, Paula Meireles, Sílvia Fraga, Francisco Mbofana, Henrique Barros
The assessment of pregnant women's knowledge about modes of infections transmission is essential to tailor programs to their needs. This study aimed to assess knowledge about human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) among pregnant women in Nampula - Mozambique, a high-risk area for sexually transmitted infections. At their first antenatal visit, women were invited to participate and data were collected by trained nurses at six public health facilities. Knowledge about HIV transmission modes was high but relevant misconceptions remained...
April 27, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697189/barriers-and-facilitators-to-sexual-and-reproductive-health-communication-between-pediatric-oncology-clinicians-and-adolescent-and-young-adult-patients-the-clinician-perspective
#9
Natasha N Frederick, Kevin Campbell, Lisa B Kenney, Kerry Moss, Ashley Speckhart, Sharon L Bober
BACKGROUND: Sexual and reproductive health (SRH) is identified by adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients with cancer as an important but often neglected aspect of their comprehensive cancer care. The purpose of this study was to investigate the attitudes and perceptions of pediatric oncology clinicians towards discussing SRH with AYAs, and to understand perceived barriers to effective communication in current practice. PROCEDURE: Pediatric oncology clinicians (physicians, certified nurse practitioners, and physician assistants) participated in semi-structured qualitative interviews investigating attitudes about SRH communication with AYAs and barriers to such conversations...
April 26, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696829/perspectives-of-adolescent-girls-with-cystic-fibrosis-and-parents-on-disease-specific-sexual-and-reproductive-health-education
#10
Traci M Kazmerski, Kelsey Hill, Olga Prushinskaya, Eliza Nelson, Jonathan Greenberg, Sarah Ab Pitts, Sonya Borrero, Elizabeth Miller, Gregory S Sawicki
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent girls with cystic fibrosis (CF) face significant disease-specific sexual and reproductive health (SRH) concerns that are not typically addressed in routine clinical care. Additionally, there is a paucity of developmentally appropriate CF-specific SRH educational resources for this population. The goal of this study was to explore patient and parent attitudes toward SRH educational resources for adolescent girls with CF. METHODS: Adolescent girls ages 13-18 years with CF and parents of daughters ages 10-18 years with CF completed individual, semi-structured interviews regarding their experiences and preferences around CF-specific SRH education and care...
April 26, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625377/clinical-characteristics-associated-with-paedophilia-and-child-sex-offending-differentiating-sexual-preference-from-offence-status
#11
Hannah Gerwinn, Simone Weiß, Gilian Tenbergen, Till Amelung, Carina Födisch, Alexander Pohl, Claudia Massau, Jonas Kneer, Sebastian Mohnke, Christian Kärgel, Matthias Wittfoth, Stefanie Jung, Krassimira Drumkova, Kolja Schiltz, Martin Walter, Klaus M Beier, Henrik Walter, Jorge Ponseti, Boris Schiffer, Tillmann H C Kruger
Contrary to public perception, child sex offending (CSO) and paedophilia are not the same. Only half of all cases of CSO are motivated by paedophilic preference, and a paedophilic preference does not necessarily lead to CSO. However, studies that investigated clinical factors accompanying and contributing to paedophilia so far mainly relied on paedophiles with a history of CSO. The aim of this study was to distinguish between factors associated with sexual preference (paedophile versus non-paedophile) and offender status (with versus without CSO)...
April 3, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624954/empowerment-of-adolescent-girls-for-sexual-and-reproductive-health-care-a-qualitative-study
#12
Zainab Alimoradi, Nourossadat Kariman, Masoumeh Simbar, Fazlollah Ahmadi
Adolescent girls should be empowered to acquire the ability to take care of their sexual and reproductive health. The present study aimed to improve the understanding of the factors affecting the empowerment of Iranian adolescent girls in terms of taking care of their sexual and reproductive health (e.g. pubertal and menstrual health, preventing high risk sexual behaviors, treatment seeking for sexual and reproductive complaints such as dysmenorrhea, genitalia infection). The present qualitative study was performed using conventional content analysis method...
December 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622468/correlates-of-long-acting-reversible-contraception-versus-sterilization-use-in-advanced-maternal-age
#13
Shelby N Apodaca, Melissa D Mendez, Sheralyn S Sanchez, Zuber D Mulla
PURPOSE: To identify correlates associated with choosing long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) over female sterilization (FS) from a subsample of women aged 35 to 44 years in a nationally representative survey. METHODS: We analyzed data from women aged 35 to 44 years from the 2011-2013 National Survey of Family Growth Female Respondent File (n = 1532). Data were analyzed using SAS 9.3 software. All analyses accounted for the complex survey sample design...
March 16, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617776/counseling-received-by-adolescents-undergoing-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-moving-toward-age-equitable-comprehensive-human-immunodeficiency-virus-prevention-measures
#14
Michelle R Kaufman, Eshan U Patel, Kim H Dam, Zoe R Packman, Lynn M Van Lith, Karin Hatzold, Arik V Marcell, Webster Mavhu, Catherine Kahabuka, Lusanda Mahlasela, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Kim Seifert Ahanda, Getrude Ncube, Gissenge Lija, Collen Bonnecwe, Aaron A R Tobian
Background: The minimum package of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) services, as defined by the World Health Organization, includes human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing, HIV prevention counseling, screening/treatment for sexually transmitted infections, condom promotion, and the VMMC procedure. The current study aimed to assess whether adolescents received these key elements. Methods: Quantitative surveys were conducted among male adolescents aged 10-19 years (n = 1293) seeking VMMC in South Africa, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608595/factors-associated-with-sexual-and-reproductive-health-stigma-among-adolescent-girls-in-ghana
#15
Kelli Stidham Hall, Emmanuel Morhe, Abubakar Manu, Lisa H Harris, Elizabeth Ela, Dana Loll, Giselle Kolenic, Jessica L Dozier, Sneha Challa, Melissa K Zochowski, Andrew Boakye, Richard Adanu, Vanessa K Dalton
OBJECTIVE: Using our previously developed and tested Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) Stigma Scale, we investigated factors associated with perceived SRH stigma among adolescent girls in Ghana. METHODS: We drew upon data from our survey study of 1,063 females 15-24yrs recruited from community- and clinic-based sites in two Ghanaian cities. Our Adolescent SRH Stigma Scale comprised 20 items and 3 sub-scales (Internalized, Enacted, Lay Attitudes) to measure stigma occurring with sexual activity, contraceptive use, pregnancy, abortion and family planning service use...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602869/evolution-and-resistance-to-sexuality-education-in-mexico
#16
Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Lucia Gómez Garbero, Marina Plesons, Iliana Lang, Esther Corona Vargas
BACKGROUND: Since the 1930s, Mexico has made substantial progress in providing adolescents with sexuality education through an evolving national school-based program. As part of a broader effort to document strategies to build support for and deal with resistance to sexuality education, this analysis uses a historical lens to answer 2 key questions: (1) How has the nature of sexuality education in Mexico evolved from the 1930s to the 2010s? (2) How have the drivers, responses, support, and resistance to sexuality education impacted Mexico's experience implementing and sustaining school-based sexuality education? METHODS: The analysis was informed by a review of peer-reviewed and gray literature as well as the personal experience and documents of one of the authors, who has played a central role in Mexico's sexuality education effort for 50 years...
March 21, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594701/associations-between-patterns-of-sexual-initiation-sexual-partnering-and-sexual-health-outcomes-from-adolescence-to-early-adulthood
#17
Nicole F Kahn, Carolyn T Halpern
The goal of this study was to examine, in a nationally representative sample, relationships between various sexual initiation patterns, subsequent sexual partnerships, and related health outcomes from adolescence through early adulthood. Data were from a subset of 6587 respondents from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. Bivariate analyses and adjusted logistic and ordinary least squares regression models were used to determine associations between membership in three sexual initiation classes, lifetime sexual partner counts, and multiple health outcomes, including lifetime sexually transmitted infection or disease (STI/STD) diagnosis, lifetime unintended pregnancy, and romantic relationship quality...
March 28, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554152/sexual-and-reproductive-health-outcomes-are-positively-associated-with-comprehensive-sexual-education-exposure-in-mexican-high-school-students
#18
Filipa de Castro, Rosalba Rojas-Martínez, Aremis Villalobos-Hernández, Betania Allen-Leigh, Ariela Breverman-Bronstein, Deborah Lynn Billings, Patricia Uribe-Zúñiga
OBJECTIVES: To describe the comprehensive sex education (CSE) coverage and to evaluate a set of indicators related to knowledge, attitudes, and practices associated with the seven components of the CSE framework among Mexican high-school students. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of a nationally representative sample of students in public and private high schools in Mexico. Questions about CSE coverage and about knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to sexual health were included...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542391/reclaiming-gender-and-power-in-sexual-violence-prevention-in-adolescence
#19
Elizabeth Miller
The Mentors in Violence Prevention (MVP) model seeks to address the root causes of gender violence using a bystander approach and leadership training to challenge structures of patriarchy. Emerging research on adolescent relationship abuse and sexual violence points to key modifiable targets-transforming gender norms, addressing homophobia, integrating with comprehensive sexuality education, and acknowledging the needs of youth already exposed to violence. A social justice-based bystander approach such as the MVP model should be part of a multi-level approach to sexual violence prevention that addresses gender and power, encourages healthy sexuality conversations, and provides safety and support for survivors...
March 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533164/communities-perceptions-of-factors-contributing-to-child-sexual-abuse-vulnerability-in-kenya-a-qualitative-study
#20
Cynthia Khamala Wangamati, Johanne Sundby, Ruth Jane Prince
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a major global health concern. Although it is prevalent in Kenya, scant literature on factors contributing to CSA vulnerability exists. Using qualitative data from 28 focus groups and ethnographic field notes, we explored and assessed community perceptions of factors contributing to CSA vulnerability in Homa Bay County, Western Kenya. Findings suggest that people living in these communities perceived CSA as being influenced by multiple factors: developmental stage, peer pressure, huge gender disparities exacerbated by negative social norms and cultural practices, the HIV epidemic and social media platforms that circulate sexualised images...
March 13, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
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