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Comprehensive sexuality education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146122/health-and-wellbeing-of-indigenous-adolescents-in-australia-a-systematic-synthesis-of-population-data
#1
Peter S Azzopardi, Susan M Sawyer, John B Carlin, Louisa Degenhardt, Ngiare Brown, Alex D Brown, George C Patton
BACKGROUND: Indigenous populations have high rates of disease and premature mortality. Most Indigenous communities are young, and adolescence (age 10-24 years) provides great opportunities for population health gain. However, the absence of a comprehensive account of Indigenous adolescents' health has been a barrier to effective policy. We aimed to report a national health profile for Indigenous adolescents in Australia. METHODS: We undertook a systematic synthesis of population data to report the health and wellbeing of Indigenous adolescents in Australia...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132501/low-education-levels-are-associated-with-early-age-of-sexual-debut-drug-use-and-risky-sexual-behaviours-among-young-indigenous-australians
#2
Handan Wand, Joanne Bryant, Heather Worth, Marian Pitts, John M Kaldor, Dea Delaney-Thiele, James Ward
Background: Earlier age at sexual debut is associated with drug and alcohol use, risky sexual behaviours and sexually transmissible infections (STI). Methods: In the present study, 2320 young Indigenous Australians were surveyed. Results: Most study participants had sex for the first time when they were 14 years or younger (79% and 67% for males and females respectively). More than 80% of participants were categorised as being in the high-risk category for the combined sexual risk factors (i.e. not using condoms, drunk or high at last sexual act, or three or more sexual partners in the past year)...
November 14, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094755/unplanned-pregnancies-in-new-zealand
#3
Bryndl E Hohmann-Marriott
BACKGROUND: Unplanned pregnancies can bring risk. It is important to have an accurate count of unplanned pregnancies, but to date there is no precise number for New Zealand or Australia. AIMS: This analysis estimates the number and proportion of pregnancies in New Zealand that are unplanned. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Estimates were generated using information about unplanned births from the Growing Up in New Zealand study, combined with data on the number of births and abortions from Statistics New Zealand and estimates of miscarriages...
November 2, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079946/depressive-symptoms-alcohol-and-drug-use-and-physical-and-sexual-abuse-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-kisumu-kenya-the-anza-mapema-study
#4
Colin P Kunzweiler, Robert C Bailey, Duncan O Okall, Susan M Graham, Supriya D Mehta, Fredrick O Otieno
Men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately burdened by depressive symptoms and psychosocial conditions including alcohol and substance abuse as well as physical and sexual abuse. We examined sociodemographic and psychosocial factors associated with depressive symptoms at baseline among a cohort of MSM in Kisumu, Kenya. Depressive symptoms were assessed via the Personal Health Questionnaire 9 instrument and examined dichotomously. We performed multivariable modified Poisson regression with robust standard errors for the binary outcome...
October 27, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068772/examining-the-efficacy-of-an-mhealth-media-literacy-education-program-for-sexual-health-promotion-in-older-adolescents-attending-community-college
#5
Tracy Marie Scull, Janis Beth Kupersmidt, Christina Valerie Malik, Elyse Mallory Keefe
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of a mobile health (mHealth), media literacy education program, Media Aware, for improving sexual health outcomes in older adolescent community college students. PARTICIPANTS: 184 community college students (ages 18-19) participated in the study from April-December 2015. METHODS: Eight community college campuses were randomly assigned to either the intervention or a wait-list control group. Student participants from each campus completed web-based pretest and posttest questionnaires...
October 25, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061870/sexual-and-reproductive-health-care-services-in-the-pediatric-setting
#6
REVIEW
Arik V Marcell, Gale R Burstein
Pediatricians are an important source of health care for adolescents and young adults and can play a significant role in addressing their patients' sexual and reproductive health needs, including preventing unintended pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, and promoting healthy relationships. STIs, HIV, and unintended pregnancy are all preventable health outcomes with potentially serious permanent sequelae; the highest rates of STIs, HIV, and unintended pregnancy are reported among adolescents and young adults...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053437/reaching-egyptian-gays-using-social-media-a-comprehensive-health-study-and-a-framework-for-future-research
#7
Ahmed Gamal Elmahy
Internet has revolutionized research on sexual minorities by providing direct and safe access to hidden, stigmatized and high risk populations. This study investigated the possibility of using Facebook to reach Egyptian gays. The questionnaire was manually distributed to an extensive list of Facebook pages and groups related to the topic that has been collected using a snowball-like technique. The recruitment lasted from August 2015 to May 2016. Among the 461 eligible participants, the mean age was 26.6 (SD = 7...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026748/knowledge-and-awareness-regarding-menstruation-and-hiv-aids-among-schoolgoing-adolescent-girls
#8
Rakhi Jain, Puneet Anand, Anuj Dhyani, Deshant Bansal
INTRODUCTION: Menstruation in our country is associated with various myths and restrictions leading to lack of awareness among adolescent girls. Insufficient menstrual hygiene practices are the cause of stress associated with menstruation and reproductive tract infections. Sexually transmitted infections and HIV/AIDS are not openly discussed in our society making adolescents vulnerable to them. AIM: To assess the knowledge of school going adolescent girls regarding menstrual hygiene and HIV/AIDS...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974359/beyond-the-effects-of-comprehensive-sexuality-education-the-significant-prospective-effects-of-youth-assets-on-contraceptive-behaviors
#9
Jennifer Green, Roy F Oman, Sara K Vesely, Marshall Cheney, Leslie Carroll
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to prospectively determine if youth assets were significantly associated with contraception use after accounting for the effects of youths' exposure to comprehensive sexuality education programming. METHODS: Prospective associations between youth asset scores, comprehensive sexuality education topics received, type of contraceptive used, and consistent contraceptive use were analyzed using multinomial and binomial logistic regression in a sample of 757 sexually active youth...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963952/comparison-of-comprehensive-and-abstinence-only-sexuality-education-in-young-african-american-adolescents
#10
Lindsay M Shepherd, Kaye F Sly, Jeffrey M Girard
The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of sexual behavior and condom use in African American adolescents, as well as to evaluate the effectiveness of comprehensive sexuality and abstinence-only education to reduce adolescent sexual behavior and increase condom use. Participants included 450 adolescents aged 12-14 years in the southern United States. Regression analyses showed favorable attitudes toward sexual behavior and social norms significantly predicted recent sexual behavior, and favorable attitudes toward condoms significantly predicted condom usage...
December 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936586/role-of-structured-individual-patient-education-in-the-prevention-of-vascular-complications-in-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-the-individual-therapeutic-education-in-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-intend-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Adriana Coppola, Livio Luzi, Tiziana Montalcini, Andrea Giustina, Carmine Gazzaruso
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies showed that a structured patient therapeutic education (PTE) may decrease both mortality and the development of diabetes complications. Nevertheless, no data are available in the literature on the impact of individual PTE on the complications in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients. Aim of the present randomized controlled trial is to evaluate the impact of individual PTE on the occurrence of macrovascular complications in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients when compared to usual care (UC) and group PTE...
September 21, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935387/attitudes-and-beliefs-pertaining-to-sexual-and-reproductive-health-among-unmarried-female-bhutanese-refugee-youth-in-philadelphia
#12
Cherie Priya Dhar, Dilu Kaflay, Nadia Dowshen, Victoria A Miller, Kenneth R Ginsburg, Frances K Barg, Katherine Yun
PURPOSE: We explored attitudes and beliefs pertaining to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) among unmarried, female, resettled Bhutanese refugees 16-20 years. METHODS: Fourteen interviews were analyzed using the constant comparison method, and major themes were identified. RESULTS: SRH was stigmatized for unmarried youth, making seeking information about SRH or accessing family planning difficult. There were many misconceptions about access to SRH...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931963/-when-you-re-a-baby-you-don-t-have-puberty-understanding-of-puberty-and-human-reproduction-in-late-childhood-and-early-adolescence
#13
Lisa B Hurwitz, Alexis R Lauricella, Brianna Hightower, Iris Sroka, Teresa K Woodruff, Ellen Wartella
Basic knowledge of human reproduction can help youth prepare for puberty and make later classes focused on advanced reproductive health topics manageable. With the intention of potentially informing the creation of learning materials, we conducted a needs assessment among children ages 7 to 12 in our suburban Chicago community to ascertain their current understanding of, and beliefs and misconceptions about, human reproduction, and to determine their needs for additional reproductive health education. We held qualitative focus group interviews with local children...
August 2017: Journal of Early Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842070/abstinence-only-until-marriage-policies-and-programs-an-updated-position-paper-of-the-society-for-adolescent-health-and%C3%A2-medicine
#14
(no author information available yet)
Abstinence from sexual intercourse can be a healthy choice for adolescents, particularly if an adolescent is not ready to engage in sex. However, government programs exclusively promoting abstinence-only-until-marriage (AOUM) are problematic from scientific and ethical viewpoints. Most young people initiate sexual intercourse as adolescents or young adults, and given a rising age at first marriage around the globe, increasingly fewer adolescents wait until marriage to initiate sex. While theoretically fully protective, abstinence intentions often fail, as abstinence is not maintained...
September 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842065/abstinence-only-until-marriage-an-updated-review-of-u-s-policies-and-programs-and-their-impact
#15
REVIEW
John S Santelli, Leslie M Kantor, Stephanie A Grilo, Ilene S Speizer, Laura D Lindberg, Jennifer Heitel, Amy T Schalet, Maureen E Lyon, Amanda J Mason-Jones, Terry McGovern, Craig J Heck, Jennifer Rogers, Mary A Ott
Adolescence is marked by the emergence of human sexuality, sexual identity, and the initiation of intimate relations; within this context, abstinence from sexual intercourse can be a healthy choice. However, programs that promote abstinence-only-until-marriage (AOUM) or sexual risk avoidance are scientifically and ethically problematic and-as such-have been widely rejected by medical and public health professionals. Although abstinence is theoretically effective, in actual practice, intentions to abstain from sexual activity often fail...
September 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763920/-an-analysis-of-factors-associated-with-timeliness-of-antiretroviral-therapy-initiation-among-newly-diagnosed-hiv-aids-from-2010-to-2014-in-china
#16
H L Tang, J Xu, J Han, J Li, Y R Mao
Objective: To analyze timeline of antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation among newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS from 2010 to 2014, as well as influencing factors. Methods: Data from the Chinese HIV/AIDS Comprehensive Response Information Management System was used to collect newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS cases from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2014. Inclusion criteria of HIV/AIDS were confirmed cases and clinically diagnosed HIV positive, Chinese mainland cases, 14 years old and above, the first CD4(+)T lymphocyte ≤350 cells/μl in the follow up period...
August 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755044/adolescent-reproductive-and-contraceptive-knowledge-and-attitudes-and-adult-contraceptive-behavior
#17
Karen Benjamin Guzzo, Sarah R Hayford
Objectives Ineffective and inconsistent contraceptive use is common among adults, perhaps due to limited knowledge about reproduction and unfavorable attitudes toward contraception. Knowledge and attitudes are first developed in adolescence. We test whether adolescent knowledge and attitudes have long-term implications for adult contraceptive behavior. Methods Using the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent to Adult Health, our analytical sample (n = 6662) consists of those asked sex and contraception questions at Wave I (1995; students aged 15 and older) and who were sexually active and not pregnant at the time of the Wave IV (2007-2008) survey...
July 28, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748267/-sex-education-and-prevention-of-sexual-violence-contributions-to-a-differential-sensitive-prevention-of-sexualised-violence
#18
REVIEW
Martin Wazlawik, Bernd Christmann, Arne Dekker
Prevention of sexual violence against children and adolescents obtains high priority in educational contexts. This is due to the massive (possible) psychosocial impacts of sexual victimization as well as to the considerable prevalence rates that are reported in current studies. Preventive approaches are predominantly native to violence prevention and sex education where they are characterized by independent lines of tradition and positions. This contribution outlines their empirically largely unexplained relation with a focus on the history and development of the discourses of sex education...
July 26, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735166/fidelity-in-school-based-child-sexual-abuse-prevention-programs-a-systematic-review
#19
Jenny Lynas, Russell Hawkins
The aim of this study was to systematically review and evaluate the quality of the school-based child sexual abuse prevention education research in terms of implementation fidelity. A comprehensive literature search in PsycINFO, Medline, Education Resource Information Centre (ERIC) and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials was conducted. Articles included peer-reviewed, primary research studies related to the delivery of child sexual abuse prevention education programs within school settings published since 1996...
October 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726803/quality-of-life-in-men-with-klinefelter-syndrome-the-impact-of-genotype-health-socioeconomics-and-sexual-function
#20
Anne Skakkebæk, Philip J Moore, Simon Chang, Jens Fedder, Claus H Gravholt
PurposeKlinefelter syndrome (KS) is associated with lower socioeconomic status and greater morbidity. However, relatively little is known about the quality of life for men with KS, or how KS and other factors combine to determine it.MethodsA total of 132 men with KS were recruited in clinics, and 313 matched controls were identified by Statistics Denmark. Demographics, socioeconomic status, health problems and behaviors, sexual function, medical follow-up, and mental and physical quality of life (MQoL and PQoL, respectively) were assessed for all participants through surveys...
July 20, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
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