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Comprehensive sexuality education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931963/-when-you-re-a-baby-you-don-t-have-puberty-understanding-of-puberty-and-human-reproduction-in-late-childhood-and-early-adolescence
#1
Lisa B Hurwitz, Alexis R Lauricella, Brianna Hightower, Iris Sroka, Teresa K Woodruff, Ellen Wartella
Basic knowledge of human reproduction can help youth prepare for puberty and make later classes focused on advanced reproductive health topics manageable. With the intention of potentially informing the creation of learning materials, we conducted a needs assessment among children ages 7 to 12 in our suburban Chicago community to ascertain their current understanding of, and beliefs and misconceptions about, human reproduction, and to determine their needs for additional reproductive health education. We held qualitative focus group interviews with local children...
August 2017: Journal of Early Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842070/abstinence-only-until-marriage-policies-and-programs-an-updated-position-paper-of-the-society-for-adolescent-health-and%C3%A2-medicine
#2
(no author information available yet)
Abstinence from sexual intercourse can be a healthy choice for adolescents, particularly if an adolescent is not ready to engage in sex. However, government programs exclusively promoting abstinence-only-until-marriage (AOUM) are problematic from scientific and ethical viewpoints. Most young people initiate sexual intercourse as adolescents or young adults, and given a rising age at first marriage around the globe, increasingly fewer adolescents wait until marriage to initiate sex. While theoretically fully protective, abstinence intentions often fail, as abstinence is not maintained...
September 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842065/abstinence-only-until-marriage-an-updated-review-of-u-s-policies-and-programs-and-their-impact
#3
REVIEW
John S Santelli, Leslie M Kantor, Stephanie A Grilo, Ilene S Speizer, Laura D Lindberg, Jennifer Heitel, Amy T Schalet, Maureen E Lyon, Amanda J Mason-Jones, Terry McGovern, Craig J Heck, Jennifer Rogers, Mary A Ott
Adolescence is marked by the emergence of human sexuality, sexual identity, and the initiation of intimate relations; within this context, abstinence from sexual intercourse can be a healthy choice. However, programs that promote abstinence-only-until-marriage (AOUM) or sexual risk avoidance are scientifically and ethically problematic and-as such-have been widely rejected by medical and public health professionals. Although abstinence is theoretically effective, in actual practice, intentions to abstain from sexual activity often fail...
September 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763920/-an-analysis-of-factors-associated-with-timeliness-of-antiretroviral-therapy-initiation-among-newly-diagnosed-hiv-aids-from-2010-to-2014-in-china
#4
H L Tang, J Xu, J Han, J Li, Y R Mao
Objective: To analyze timeline of antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation among newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS from 2010 to 2014, as well as influencing factors. Methods: Data from the Chinese HIV/AIDS Comprehensive Response Information Management System was used to collect newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS cases from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2014. Inclusion criteria of HIV/AIDS were confirmed cases and clinically diagnosed HIV positive, Chinese mainland cases, 14 years old and above, the first CD4(+)T lymphocyte ≤350 cells/μl in the follow up period...
August 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755044/adolescent-reproductive-and-contraceptive-knowledge-and-attitudes-and-adult-contraceptive-behavior
#5
Karen Benjamin Guzzo, Sarah R Hayford
Objectives Ineffective and inconsistent contraceptive use is common among adults, perhaps due to limited knowledge about reproduction and unfavorable attitudes toward contraception. Knowledge and attitudes are first developed in adolescence. We test whether adolescent knowledge and attitudes have long-term implications for adult contraceptive behavior. Methods Using the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent to Adult Health, our analytical sample (n = 6662) consists of those asked sex and contraception questions at Wave I (1995; students aged 15 and older) and who were sexually active and not pregnant at the time of the Wave IV (2007-2008) survey...
July 28, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748267/-sex-education-and-prevention-of-sexual-violence-contributions-to-a-differential-sensitive-prevention-of-sexualised-violence
#6
REVIEW
Martin Wazlawik, Bernd Christmann, Arne Dekker
Prevention of sexual violence against children and adolescents obtains high priority in educational contexts. This is due to the massive (possible) psychosocial impacts of sexual victimization as well as to the considerable prevalence rates that are reported in current studies. Preventive approaches are predominantly native to violence prevention and sex education where they are characterized by independent lines of tradition and positions. This contribution outlines their empirically largely unexplained relation with a focus on the history and development of the discourses of sex education...
July 26, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735166/fidelity-in-school-based-child-sexual-abuse-prevention-programs-a-systematic-review
#7
Jenny Lynas, Russell Hawkins
The aim of this study was to systematically review and evaluate the quality of the school-based child sexual abuse prevention education research in terms of implementation fidelity. A comprehensive literature search in PsycINFO, Medline, Education Resource Information Centre (ERIC) and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials was conducted. Articles included peer-reviewed, primary research studies related to the delivery of child sexual abuse prevention education programs within school settings published since 1996...
July 20, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726803/quality-of-life-in-men-with-klinefelter-syndrome-the-impact-of-genotype-health-socioeconomics-and-sexual-function
#8
Anne Skakkebæk, Philip J Moore, Simon Chang, Jens Fedder, Claus H Gravholt
PurposeKlinefelter syndrome (KS) is associated with lower socioeconomic status and greater morbidity. However, relatively little is known about the quality of life for men with KS, or how KS and other factors combine to determine it.MethodsA total of 132 men with KS were recruited in clinics, and 313 matched controls were identified by Statistics Denmark. Demographics, socioeconomic status, health problems and behaviors, sexual function, medical follow-up, and mental and physical quality of life (MQoL and PQoL, respectively) were assessed for all participants through surveys...
July 20, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724513/development-of-a-tailored-hiv-prevention-intervention-for-single-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-who-meet-partners-online-protocol-for-the-mydex-project
#9
Jose Arturo Bauermeister, Ryan C Tingler, Michele Demers, Gary W Harper
BACKGROUND: New cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among young men who have sex with men (YMSM), aged 18 to 24, underscore the importance of developmentally-informed HIV programs for YMSM. We developed an online intervention focused on risk reduction strategies across different sexual partner types. Intervention activities focus on assisting YMSM reflect on their partner-seeking behaviors, develop sexual decision-making rules to reduce their HIV risks, and consider the adoption of HIV prevention behaviors...
July 19, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721112/current-perspectives-in-the-usa-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pelvic-inflammatory-disease-in-adolescents
#10
REVIEW
William L Risser, Jan M Risser, Amanda L Risser
In this review, the epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) are discussed from a USA perspective and the difficulties that USA adolescents face in recognizing and seeking care for PID and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are emphasized. Females aged 15-24 years have the highest incidence of cervical infection with Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrheae, the principal causes of PID. PID is common in this age group. However, the incidence of PID in the USA is not known, because it is not a reportable disease, and because clinicians vary in the criteria used for the diagnosis...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699795/provider-perceptions-of-the-assessment-and-rehabilitation-of-sexual-functioning-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#11
Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla, Laiene Olabarrieta-Landa, Melissa M Ertl, Lillian Flores Stevens, Alejandra Morlett-Paredes, Nada Andelic, Nathan Zasler
OBJECTIVE: To explore how health care professionals who work with individuals with TBI address issues related to the assessment and treatment of sexuality after TBI. METHODS: A survey composed of 53 questions was developed to evaluate professional training, assessment of sexuality in individuals with TBI and attitudes towards sexuality. The sample consisted of 324 self-identified TBI health care professionals. RESULTS: Ninety seven per cent of participants believed that sexuality should be discussed during rehabilitation; however, 36% reported talking about it...
July 12, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691307/socio-sexual-functioning-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-existing-literature
#12
Grace I P Hancock, Mark A Stokes, Gary B Mesibov
Socio-sexual functioning encompasses an individual's interests, behaviors, and knowledge with respect to sexual, romantic, and social aspects of life. An individual's understanding of these domains is developed through a range of informal and formal avenues of sexual health education. The current model demonstrated this and proposed that, compared to typically developing individuals, those with ASD develop socio-sexual functioning differently due to having less peer engagement, less relationship experience, more parental guidance, greater use of online materials, receive less school-based sexual health education, and more support from wellbeing services...
July 10, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674215/risk-factors-for-human-papillomavirus-infection-prevalent-among-uyghur-women-from-xinjiang-china
#13
Guzhalinuer Abulizi, Hua Li, Patiman Mijiti, Tangnuer Abulimiti, Jing Cai, Jie Gao, Dandan Meng, Reyihanguli Abula, Tunishahan Abudereyimu, Anarguli Aizezi, You Lin Qiao
We investigated the incidence of HPV and risk factors for infection among rural Uyghur women in the Xinjiang province of northwestern China, where there is a high incidence of cervical cancer. We used the careHPV kit to test 6000 sexually active Uyghur women aged 21 to 60 years for HPV, and conducted a comprehensive questionnaire survey to identify relevant HPV infection factors. Our data show the HPV infection rate to be 8.42%, which is lower than 11.7% reported worldwide, despite the higher cervical cancer incidence...
June 30, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670890/a-cross-sectional-study-on-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-related-to-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-for-cervical-cancer-prevention-between-medical-and-non-medical-students-in-hong-kong
#14
Pui Woo Angela Yam, Pak Lun Lam, Tsz Kin Chan, Kei Wai Chau, Mei Lam Hsu, Yat Man Lim, Chun Hin Lo, Lincoln Siu, Hiu Fung Tang, Ann Marie Jing Man Tong, Wai Lok Yeung
Background: One of the most important aetiologies of cervical cancer is Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection. While vaccination is an effective way in preventing high risk HPV infection, HPV vaccine uptake rate in Hong Kong has been low. Considering the proven effectiveness of HPV vaccination and the low vaccination uptake rate in Hong Kong, this study was conducted to compare the knowledge, attitude and practice towards HPV vaccination for cervical cancer prevention between medical and non-medical students in the University of Hong Kong...
June 25, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654651/herpes-simplex-virus-1-and-2-educational-assessment-of-young-adults-in-rural-southwest-virginia
#15
Shantal S Hover, Andrea S Bertke
PURPOSE: Herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) causes genital herpes, one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in the U.S. HSV-1, commonly associated with cold sores, is increasing as a cause of genital herpes. Abstinence-only sexual health classes, commonly taught in Virginia, generate young adults who are under-educated in sexual health, increasing STI risks. College students in southwest Virginia were surveyed to assess comprehensiveness of high school health education regarding HSV-1 and HSV-2 and to identify students' preferred methods for STI education...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636868/deadly-liver-mob-opening-the-door-improving-sexual-health-pathways-for-aboriginal-people-in-western-sydney
#16
Karen Biggs, Jennifer Walsh, Catriona Ooi
BACKGROUND: The Deadly Liver Mob project (DLM) is an incentive-based, peer-driven health promotion intervention for Aboriginal people, focusing on hepatitis C and offering education and screening for sexually transmissible infections (STI) and blood-borne viruses (BBV). This study aims to assess the DLM effect on attendance and STI/BBV screening, describe BBV risk factors and report infection rates among Aboriginal people attending Western Sydney Sexual Health Centre (WSSHC). METHODS: A retrospective review of Aboriginal clients during the first year of the DLM project was compared with Aboriginal clients who attended during the 5...
October 2016: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619019/life-after-prostate-cancer-treatment-a-mixed-methods-study-of-the-experiences-of-men-with-sexual-dysfunction-and-their-partners
#17
Jeffrey A Albaugh, Nat Sufrin, Brittany R Lapin, Jacqueline Petkewicz, Sandi Tenfelde
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is the most common non-skin cancer in men and sexual dysfunction is the most frequently reported long-term side effect of prostate cancer surgery or radiation. The aim of this study was to examine the experiences of men with sexual dysfunction and their partners following prostate cancer treatment. METHODS: Men with sexual dysfunction from either surgical removal or radiation therapy 1-5 years after treatment were interviewed, as well as their partners...
June 15, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615077/service-utilization-and-cost-of-implementing-a-comprehensive-hiv-prevention-and-care-program-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-delhi-india
#18
Mary Philip Sebastian, Aparajita Dasgupta, Lopamudra Ray Saraswati, Asha Singh, Vartika Sharma, Ira Madan, Waimar Tun, Julie Pulerwitz, Ibou Thior, Avina Sarna
BACKGROUND: WHO, UNODC, and UNAIDS recommend a comprehensive package for prevention, treatment, and care of HIV among people who inject drugs (PWID). We describe the uptake of services and the cost of implementing a comprehensive package for HIV prevention, treatment, and care services in Delhi, India. METHODS: A cohort of 3774 PWID were enrolled for a prospective HIV incidence study and provided the comprehensive package: HIV and hepatitis testing and counseling, hepatitis B (HB) vaccination, syndromic management of sexually transmitted infections, clean needles-syringes, condoms, abscess care, and education...
June 14, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604538/abstinence-only-sex-education-fails-african-american-youth
#19
Michelle Breunig
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) disproportionately affect U.S. African American (AA) youth. In AA faith communities, cultural practices have contributed to increased STI rates because abstinence-only-until-marriage education programs do not teach the use of condoms or birth control for preventing STIs or pregnancy. Comprehensive sex education or abstinence-plus programs have been reported to increase STI knowledge and reduce risk-taking behaviors in adolescents and young adults. Evidence supports computerized education to increase STI knowledge and decrease risky sexual behaviors of AA churchgoing youth...
July 2017: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592273/research-on-subgroups-is-not-research-on-equity-attributes-evidence-from-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-on-vaccination
#20
REVIEW
Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Meike-Kathrin Zuske, Christian Auer
BACKGROUND: Equity remains a priority in the international health development agenda. However, major inequities in vaccination coverage jeopardise the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. We aim at comprehensively describing how research has addressed equity issues related to vaccination. METHODS: We carried out an overview of systematic reviews (SRs) that explicitly explored the effects of interventions to improve vaccination in any context; for any vaccine and, in any language...
June 7, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
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