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Comprehensive sexuality education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889400/facilitators-and-barriers-to-implementing-church-based-adolescent-sexual-health-programs-in-baltimore-city
#1
Terrinieka W Powell, Fiona H Weeks, Samantha Illangasekare, Eric Rice, James Wilson, Debra Hickman, Robert W Blum
PURPOSE: Black churches are an important community resource and a potentially powerful actor in adolescent health promotion. However, limited research exists describing the factors that may influence the successful implementation of evidence-based adolescent sexual health programs in churches. In the present study, a multi-informant approach was used to identify facilitators and barriers to implementing adolescent sexual health programs in black churches. METHODS: Nine Black churches located in Baltimore, MD, were recruited to participate in this study...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871918/the-impact-of-interprofessional-student-led-reproductive-health-education-on-youths-in-juvenile-detention
#2
Ji Son, Willa M Miller, Krystel Tossone, Fredrick Butcher, Kelly Kuo
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of an interprofessional student-led comprehensive sexual education curriculum in improving the reproductive health literacy among at-risk youths in detention. DESIGN: Setting, and Participants: We performed a prospective cohort study involving 134 incarcerated youth and an interprofessional team of 23 medical, nursing, and social work students, who participated in a comprehensive reproductive health curriculum over the course of 3 days...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852108/male-condom-use-multiple-sexual-partners-and-hiv-a-prospective-case-control-study-in-kinshasa-drc
#3
Silvia Carlos, Cristina Lopez-Del Burgo, Eduardo Burgueño, Miguel Angel Martinez-Gonzalez, Alfonso Osorio, Adolphe Ndarabu, Clément Passabosc, Jokin de Irala
In the Democratic Republic of Congo no previous studies have assessed the factors associated with different patterns of condom use and with multiple sexual partners, and the association between condom use simultaneously taking into account multiple sexual partnerships, and HIV infection. We carried out a prospective case-control study. From December 2010 until June 2012, 1630 participants aged 15-49 getting HIV Voluntary Counseling and Testing in a hospital in Kinshasa were selected. Cases were new HIV diagnosis and controls were HIV-negative participants detected along the study period...
November 16, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816924/men-s-knowledge-of-their-own-fertility-a-population-based-survey-examining-the-awareness-of-factors-that-are-associated-with-male-infertility
#4
D Daumler, P Chan, K C Lo, J Takefman, P Zelkowitz
STUDY QUESTION: How knowledgeable are men about the medical, environmental and psychological factors that are associated with male infertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: Men, across most demographic groups, have limited knowledge of the various factors that are associated with male infertility. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Few surveys have focused on men's knowledge of their own fertility. Studies of both men and women have found that men are comparatively less knowledgeable about issues of fertility and reproductive health...
November 5, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776073/committee-opinion-no-678-comprehensive-sexuality-education
#5
(no author information available yet)
Current sexuality education programs vary widely in the accuracy of content, emphasis, and effectiveness. Data have shown that not all programs are equally effective for all ages, races and ethnicities, socioeconomic groups, and geographic areas. Studies have demonstrated that comprehensive sexuality education programs reduce the rates of sexual activity, sexual risk behaviors (eg, number of partners and unprotected intercourse), sexually transmitted infections, and adolescent pregnancy. One key component of an effective program is encouraging community-centered efforts...
November 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776068/committee-opinion-no-678-summary-comprehensive-sexuality-education
#6
(no author information available yet)
Current sexuality education programs vary widely in the accuracy of content, emphasis, and effectiveness. Data have shown that not all programs are equally effective for all ages, races and ethnicities, socioeconomic groups, and geographic areas. Studies have demonstrated that comprehensive sexuality education programs reduce the rates of sexual activity, sexual risk behaviors (eg, number of partners and unprotected intercourse), sexually transmitted infections, and adolescent pregnancy. One key component of an effective program is encouraging community-centered efforts...
November 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724886/school-based-sexual-health-education-interventions-to-prevent-sti-hiv-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
A Sadiq Sani, Charles Abraham, Sarah Denford, Susan Ball
BACKGROUND: School-based sexual health education has the potential to provide an inclusive and comprehensive approach to promoting sexual health among young people. We reviewed evaluations of school-based sexual health education interventions in sub-Saharan Africa to assess effectiveness in reducing sexually transmitted infections and promoting condom use. METHODS: We searched ten electronic databases, hand-searched key journals, and reference lists of included articles for potential studies...
October 10, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720357/a-medical-care-missed-opportunity-preexposure-prophylaxis-and-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#8
Renata Arrington-Sanders, Anthony Morgan, Jessica Oidtman, Ian Qian, David Celentano, Chris Beyrer
PURPOSE: HIV disproportionately impacts young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM). Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an effective strategy that can avert new HIV infections in YBMSM. Barriers exist for YBMSM to access PrEP. METHODS: We sought to determine factors associated with awareness of and willingness to take PrEP in a sample of YBMSM. RESULTS: Only 8% were currently on PrEP despite many (66%) reporting condomless anal sex, a recent provider visit (54%), disclosing their sexual orientation to their regular medical provider (62%), or a willingness to take PrEP (62%)...
December 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685083/beyond-love-a-qualitative-analysis-of-factors-associated-with-teenage-pregnancy-among-young-women-with-pregnancy-experience-in-bolgatanga-ghana
#9
John Kingsley Krugu, Fraukje Mevissen, Meret Münkel, Robert Ruiter
Globally, an estimated 16 million young women aged 15 to 19 years give birth every year. Most teenage pregnancies are unintended and being pregnant or delivering a baby as a teenager can have serious adverse consequences. Knowledge of the environmental factors and social cognitive determinants influencing young women's failure to protect against unintended pregnancy is necessary to address the high rate of teenage pregnancies. We conducted semi-structured in-depth interviews with 21 young women, who had experience of pregnancy, in Bolgatanga, Ghana...
August 16, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680494/gaming-for-safer-sex-young-german-and-turkish-people-report-no-specific-culture-related-preferences-toward-educational-games-promoting-safer-sex
#10
Phil Brüll, Robert A C Ruiter, Reinout W Wiers, Gerjo Kok
OBJECTIVE: Comprehensive sex education programs specifically designed for adolescents and young adults that take into account gender norms and cultural background have shown promise as a means of countering the high sexually transmitted infection rate in young people. Recently, digital gaming interventions delivered on computers or mobile devices have emerged as another way to promote safer sex behavior in a young population. Tailoring these computer-based interventions to their target population has been recognized to increase positive behavior outcomes...
September 28, 2016: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677440/a-comprehensive-review-of-reviews-of-school-based-interventions-to-improve-sexual-health
#11
Sarah Denford, Charles Abraham, Rona Campbell, Heide Busse
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review systematic reviews of school-based sexual-health and relationship Education (SHRE) programmes and, thereby, identify interventions and intervention components that promote reductions in risky sexual behaviour among young people. METHODS: Electronic bibliographies were searched systematically to identify systematic reviews of school-based interventions targeting sexual-health. Results were summarised using a narrative synthesis...
September 28, 2016: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664465/from-advocacy-to-action-in-global-adolescent-health
#12
George C Patton, Susan M Sawyer, David A Ross, Russell M Viner, John S Santelli
In May 2016, The Lancet published a report titled, "Our Future: A Lancet Commission on Adolescent Health and Wellbeing," the culmination of three years of work from a geographically diverse interdisciplinary group. The report argued that healthy growth across adolescence and young adulthood shapes life course and intergenerational trajectories so that health investments yield a "triple dividend." With current global interest in adolescent health at an unprecedented level, it outlines three next steps to advance from advocacy to effective action: (1) there is a pressing need for comprehensive and integrated strategies, inclusive of, but extending beyond, sexual and reproductive health, and HIV; (2) interventions should address both adolescent health service coverage and determinants of health that lie in sectors such as education, justice, transport, and industry and employment, as well as families and local communities; and (3) scale-up of responses will require not only investments in country-level capacities for measuring need and responding with evidence-based practice but also the establishment of processes for accountability and meaningful youth engagement...
October 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615734/socio-demographic-factors-predicting-hiv-test-seeking-behaviour-among-msm-in-6-eu-cities
#13
Massimo Mirandola, Lorenzo Gios, Ruth Joanna Davis, Martina Furegato, Michele Breveglieri, Cinta Folch, Danica Staneková, Irina Nita, Džamila Stehlíková
BACKGROUND: HIV testing is generally accepted as being the lynchpin of a prevention strategy to tackle the HIV epidemic among MSM. However, few studies have analysed in detail the factors that influence HIV test seeking behaviour. METHODS: The objective of this article is to analyse the relationship between HIV test seeking behaviour and individual, social and demographic factors in a sample of MSM recruited though a multi-centre bio-behavioural cross-sectional study...
September 10, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594844/an-evidence-based-education-program-for-adults-about-child-sexual-abuse-prevent-it-that-significantly-improves-attitudes-knowledge-and-behavior
#14
Erin K Martin, Peter H Silverstone
Here we describe the development of an evidence-based education program for adults about childhood sexual abuse (CSA), called Prevent It! Uniquely, the primary goal of this program was to change the behavior of participants, as well as to increase knowledge about CSA and positive attitudes toward it. A comprehensive review shows no previous similar approach. The program includes a detailed manual to allow standardized administration by trained facilitators, as well as multiple video segments from CSA survivors and professionals...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584710/sexuality-in-menopausal-women
#15
Salvatore Caruso, Agnese M C Rapisarda, Stefano Cianci
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sexuality is an essential part of a healthy life. It can contribute significantly to the physical, psychological and social wellbeing of menopausal women, therefore, to their quality of life. This study is an overview of the most recent findings in the literature retrieved from searches of computerized databases. We extracted all notable information concerning definition, epidemiology, symptoms, diagnostic evaluation and management. RECENT FINDINGS: The experience of sexuality in menopause is fundamentally shaped by the biological and psychological changes that occur on a substrate of modifications linked to the ageing process...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557986/what-messages-are-adolescent-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-vmmc-clients-getting-and-how-findings-from-an-observational-study-in-tanzania
#16
Dorica Boyee, Erin Peacock, Marya Plotkin, Augustino Hellar, Hally Mahler, Elizabeth Edouard, Renatus Kisendi, Erick Mlanga, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Katherine Andrinopoulos
Uncircumcised adolescent males in sub-Saharan Africa are an important group to reach with voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) services due to high HIV burden occurring among this age group. Appropriateness of the content and delivery of sexual health and HIV prevention messages to adolescent VMMC clients has not been extensively described. A study was conducted in Tanzania to examine quality, delivery and content of messages provided to adolescent (aged 15-19) and adult (aged 20+) VMMC clients (n = 320)...
August 24, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506448/sexual-assault-what-every-emergency-provider-needs-to-know
#17
Rebecca Barron, Elena Kapilevich, Susan Duffy, Alyson J McGregor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492936/implementation-in-practice-adaptations-to-sexuality-education-curricula-in-california
#18
Abigail Arons, Mara Decker, Jennifer Yarger, Jan Malvin, Claire D Brindis
BACKGROUND: Local implementation of evidence-based curricula, including sex education, has received increasing attention. Although there are expectations that practitioners will implement evidence-based programs with fidelity, little is known regarding the experiences of instructors in meeting such standards. During 2005 to 2009, the California Department of Public Health funded local agencies through its Teen Pregnancy Prevention Programs (TPP) to provide comprehensive sex education...
September 2016: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27475944/the-importance-of-sexual-history-taking-for-prep-comprehension-among-young-people-of-color
#19
Sarit A Golub, Kristi E Gamarel, Corina Lelutiu-Weinberger
Despite demonstrated efficacy, uptake of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) remains low, especially among highest priority populations. This study examined four PrEP messaging factors hypothesized to impact comprehension of PrEP educational information: (1) modality (video versus in-person message delivery); (2) frame (risk versus health focus); (3) specificity (gist versus verbatim efficacy information); and (4) sexual history (administered either before or after PrEP education). We examined message comprehension among 157 young people of color (YPoC) eligible for PrEP, using a series of multiple choice questions...
July 30, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27457072/knowledge-of-complications-of-diabetes-mellitus-among-patients-visiting-the-diabetes-clinic-at-sampa-government-hospital-ghana-a-descriptive-study
#20
Yaa Obirikorang, Christian Obirikorang, Enoch Odame Anto, Emmanuel Acheampong, Emmanuella Nsenbah Batu, Agyemang Duah Stella, Omerige Constance, Peter Kojo Brenya
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) appears to be a global epidemic and an increasingly major non-communicable disease threatening both affluent and non-affluent society. The study aimed to determine the knowledge of diabetic complications among diabetes mellitus clients visiting the Diabetic Clinical at Sampa Government Hospital, Ghana. METHOD: This questionnaire-based descriptive study recruited a total 630 patients visiting the Diabetes Clinic at the Sampa Government Hospital...
2016: BMC Public Health
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