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Comprehensive sexuality education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735166/fidelity-in-school-based-child-sexual-abuse-prevention-programs-a-systematic-review
#1
Jenny Lynas, Russell Hawkins
The aim of this study was to systematically review and evaluate the quality of the school-based child sexual abuse prevention education research in terms of implementation fidelity. A comprehensive literature search in PsycINFO, Medline, Education Resource Information Centre (ERIC) and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials was conducted. Articles included peer-reviewed, primary research studies related to the delivery of child sexual abuse prevention education programs within school settings published since 1996...
July 20, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726803/quality-of-life-in-men-with-klinefelter-syndrome-the-impact-of-genotype-health-socioeconomics-and-sexual-function
#2
Anne Skakkebæk, Philip J Moore, Simon Chang, Jens Fedder, Claus H Gravholt
PurposeKlinefelter syndrome (KS) is associated with lower socioeconomic status and greater morbidity. However, relatively little is known about the quality of life for men with KS, or how KS and other factors combine to determine it.MethodsA total of 132 men with KS were recruited in clinics, and 313 matched controls were identified by Statistics Denmark. Demographics, socioeconomic status, health problems and behaviors, sexual function, medical follow-up, and mental and physical quality of life (MQoL and PQoL, respectively) were assessed for all participants through surveys...
July 20, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724513/development-of-a-tailored-hiv-prevention-intervention-for-single-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-who-meet-partners-online-protocol-for-the-mydex-project
#3
Jose Arturo Bauermeister, Ryan C Tingler, Michele Demers, Gary W Harper
BACKGROUND: New cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among young men who have sex with men (YMSM), aged 18 to 24, underscore the importance of developmentally-informed HIV programs for YMSM. We developed an online intervention focused on risk reduction strategies across different sexual partner types. Intervention activities focus on assisting YMSM reflect on their partner-seeking behaviors, develop sexual decision-making rules to reduce their HIV risks, and consider the adoption of HIV prevention behaviors...
July 19, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721112/current-perspectives-in-the-usa-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pelvic-inflammatory-disease-in-adolescents
#4
REVIEW
William L Risser, Jan M Risser, Amanda L Risser
In this review, the epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) are discussed from a USA perspective and the difficulties that USA adolescents face in recognizing and seeking care for PID and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are emphasized. Females aged 15-24 years have the highest incidence of cervical infection with Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrheae, the principal causes of PID. PID is common in this age group. However, the incidence of PID in the USA is not known, because it is not a reportable disease, and because clinicians vary in the criteria used for the diagnosis...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699795/provider-perceptions-of-the-assessment-and-rehabilitation-of-sexual-functioning-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#5
Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla, Laiene Olabarrieta-Landa, Melissa M Ertl, Lillian Flores Stevens, Alejandra Morlett-Paredes, Nada Andelic, Nathan Zasler
OBJECTIVE: To explore how health care professionals who work with individuals with TBI address issues related to the assessment and treatment of sexuality after TBI. METHODS: A survey composed of 53 questions was developed to evaluate professional training, assessment of sexuality in individuals with TBI and attitudes towards sexuality. The sample consisted of 324 self-identified TBI health care professionals. RESULTS: Ninety seven per cent of participants believed that sexuality should be discussed during rehabilitation; however, 36% reported talking about it...
July 12, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691307/socio-sexual-functioning-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-existing-literature
#6
Grace I P Hancock, Mark A Stokes, Gary B Mesibov
Socio-sexual functioning encompasses an individual's interests, behaviors, and knowledge with respect to sexual, romantic, and social aspects of life. An individual's understanding of these domains is developed through a range of informal and formal avenues of sexual health education. The current model demonstrated this and proposed that, compared to typically developing individuals, those with ASD develop socio-sexual functioning differently due to having less peer engagement, less relationship experience, more parental guidance, greater use of online materials, receive less school-based sexual health education, and more support from wellbeing services...
July 10, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674215/risk-factors-for-human-papillomavirus-infection-prevalent-among-uyghur-women-from-xinjiang-china
#7
Guzhalinuer Abulizi, Hua Li, Patiman Mijiti, Tangnuer Abulimiti, Jing Cai, Jie Gao, Dandan Meng, Reyihanguli Abula, Tunishahan Abudereyimu, Anarguli Aizezi, You Lin Qiao
We investigated the incidence of HPV and risk factors for infection among rural Uyghur women in the Xinjiang province of northwestern China, where there is a high incidence of cervical cancer. We used the careHPV kit to test 6000 sexually active Uyghur women aged 21 to 60 years for HPV, and conducted a comprehensive questionnaire survey to identify relevant HPV infection factors. Our data show the HPV infection rate to be 8.42%, which is lower than 11.7% reported worldwide, despite the higher cervical cancer incidence...
June 30, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670890/a-cross-sectional-study-on-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-related-to-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-for-cervical-cancer-prevention-between-medical-and-non-medical-students-in-hong-kong
#8
Pui Woo Angela Yam, Pak Lun Lam, Tsz Kin Chan, Kei Wai Chau, Mei Lam Hsu, Yat Man Lim, Chun Hin Lo, Lincoln Siu, Hiu Fung Tang, Ann Marie Jing Man Tong, Wai Lok Yeung
Background: One of the most important aetiologies of cervical cancer is Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection. While vaccination is an effective way in preventing high risk HPV infection, HPV vaccine uptake rate in Hong Kong has been low. Considering the proven effectiveness of HPV vaccination and the low vaccination uptake rate in Hong Kong, this study was conducted to compare the knowledge, attitude and practice towards HPV vaccination for cervical cancer prevention between medical and non-medical students in the University of Hong Kong...
June 25, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654651/herpes-simplex-virus-1-and-2-educational-assessment-of-young-adults-in-rural-southwest-virginia
#9
Shantal S Hover, Andrea S Bertke
PURPOSE: Herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) causes genital herpes, one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in the U.S. HSV-1, commonly associated with cold sores, is increasing as a cause of genital herpes. Abstinence-only sexual health classes, commonly taught in Virginia, generate young adults who are under-educated in sexual health, increasing STI risks. College students in southwest Virginia were surveyed to assess comprehensiveness of high school health education regarding HSV-1 and HSV-2 and to identify students' preferred methods for STI education...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636868/deadly-liver-mob-opening-the-door-improving-sexual-health-pathways-for-aboriginal-people-in-western-sydney
#10
Karen Biggs, Jennifer Walsh, Catriona Ooi
BACKGROUND: The Deadly Liver Mob project (DLM) is an incentive-based, peer-driven health promotion intervention for Aboriginal people, focusing on hepatitis C and offering education and screening for sexually transmissible infections (STI) and blood-borne viruses (BBV). This study aims to assess the DLM effect on attendance and STI/BBV screening, describe BBV risk factors and report infection rates among Aboriginal people attending Western Sydney Sexual Health Centre (WSSHC). METHODS: A retrospective review of Aboriginal clients during the first year of the DLM project was compared with Aboriginal clients who attended during the 5...
October 2016: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619019/life-after-prostate-cancer-treatment-a-mixed-methods-study-of-the-experiences-of-men-with-sexual-dysfunction-and-their-partners
#11
Jeffrey A Albaugh, Nat Sufrin, Brittany R Lapin, Jacqueline Petkewicz, Sandi Tenfelde
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is the most common non-skin cancer in men and sexual dysfunction is the most frequently reported long-term side effect of prostate cancer surgery or radiation. The aim of this study was to examine the experiences of men with sexual dysfunction and their partners following prostate cancer treatment. METHODS: Men with sexual dysfunction from either surgical removal or radiation therapy 1-5 years after treatment were interviewed, as well as their partners...
June 15, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615077/service-utilization-and-cost-of-implementing-a-comprehensive-hiv-prevention-and-care-program-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-delhi-india
#12
Mary Philip Sebastian, Aparajita Dasgupta, Lopamudra Ray Saraswati, Asha Singh, Vartika Sharma, Ira Madan, Waimar Tun, Julie Pulerwitz, Ibou Thior, Avina Sarna
BACKGROUND: WHO, UNODC, and UNAIDS recommend a comprehensive package for prevention, treatment, and care of HIV among people who inject drugs (PWID). We describe the uptake of services and the cost of implementing a comprehensive package for HIV prevention, treatment, and care services in Delhi, India. METHODS: A cohort of 3774 PWID were enrolled for a prospective HIV incidence study and provided the comprehensive package: HIV and hepatitis testing and counseling, hepatitis B (HB) vaccination, syndromic management of sexually transmitted infections, clean needles-syringes, condoms, abscess care, and education...
June 14, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604538/abstinence-only-sex-education-fails-african-american-youth
#13
Michelle Breunig
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) disproportionately affect U.S. African American (AA) youth. In AA faith communities, cultural practices have contributed to increased STI rates because abstinence-only-until-marriage education programs do not teach the use of condoms or birth control for preventing STIs or pregnancy. Comprehensive sex education or abstinence-plus programs have been reported to increase STI knowledge and reduce risk-taking behaviors in adolescents and young adults. Evidence supports computerized education to increase STI knowledge and decrease risky sexual behaviors of AA churchgoing youth...
July 2017: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592273/research-on-subgroups-is-not-research-on-equity-attributes-evidence-from-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-on-vaccination
#14
REVIEW
Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Meike-Kathrin Zuske, Christian Auer
BACKGROUND: Equity remains a priority in the international health development agenda. However, major inequities in vaccination coverage jeopardise the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. We aim at comprehensively describing how research has addressed equity issues related to vaccination. METHODS: We carried out an overview of systematic reviews (SRs) that explicitly explored the effects of interventions to improve vaccination in any context; for any vaccine and, in any language...
June 7, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580671/student-voices-perspectives-on-peer-to-peer-sexual-health-education
#15
Carolyn Layzer, Lauren Rosapep, Sherry Barr
BACKGROUND: This process study is a companion to a randomized evaluation of a school-based, peer-led comprehensive sexual health education program, Teen Prevention Education Program (Teen PEP), in which 11th- and 12th-grade students are trained by school health educators to conduct informative workshops with ninth-grade peers in schools in North Carolina. The process study was designed to understand youth participants' perspectives on the program in order to gain insight into program effectiveness...
July 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526485/improving-the-sexual-health-of-young-people-with-mobility-impairments-challenges-and-recommendations
#16
Molly Secor-Turner, Barbara J McMorris, Peter Scal
INTRODUCTION: This mixed-method study (a) describes challenges to providing sexual health services to youth with mobility impairments from the perspective of health care providers and experts and (b) describes and compares sexual health-related experiences of youth with mobility impairments. METHOD: Secondary data analysis of My Path, a study focused on the transition to adulthood for youth with mobility impairments. Using an exploratory sequential design, qualitative data (n = 10) were analyzed using systematic content analysis followed by quantitative analysis of survey data (N = 337)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521713/global-hiv-prevention-testing-and-counseling-in-military-populations
#17
Michael P Grillo, Margo Sloan, Che Wankie, Kelly Woodland, Elizabeth Reader, Bruce Porter, Richard Shaffer, Caroline A Macera, Marc Bulterys
BACKGROUND: Compared with the general population in low- and middle-income countries, military members tend to be male, young, travel more frequently away from their main sexual partners, drink more alcohol and have a consistent source of income. All of these factors may lead to an increased risk of contracting HIV. OBJECTIVE: In response, the Department of Defense HIV/AIDS Prevention Program advocates for the integration of HIV prevention "building blocks" into military health services to reduce the risk of acquiring HIV among foreign uniformed services...
May 16, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499751/expanding-access-to-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-through-nursing-education
#18
Monica R McLemore, Amy J Levi
Thoughtful, unbiased, evidence-based content in nursing education is crucial for the development of confident and competent nurses who provide care in every setting. The purpose of this article is twofold: to provide evidence to show that comprehensive sexual and reproductive health care by nurses is informed by educational exposure to content and to provide recommendations for change at the individual, institutional, and structural levels to improve and expand sexual and reproductive health services.
May 9, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448483/trends-in-repeat-births-and-use-of-postpartum-contraception-among-teens-united-states-2004-2015
#19
Deborah L Dee, Karen Pazol, Shanna Cox, Ruben A Smith, Katherine Bower, Martha Kapaya, Amy Fasula, Ayanna Harrison, Charlan D Kroelinger, Denise D'Angelo, Leslie Harrison, Emilia H Koumans, Nikki Mayes, Wanda D Barfield, Lee Warner
Teen* childbearing (one or more live births before age 20 years) can have negative health, social, and economic consequences for mothers and their children (1). Repeat teen births (two or more live births before age 20 years) can constrain the mother's ability to take advantage of educational and workforce opportunities (2), and are more likely to be preterm or of low birthweight than first teen births (3). Despite the historic decline in the U.S. teen birth rate during 1991-2015, from 61.8 to 22.3 births per 1,000 females aged 15-19 years (4), many teens continue to have repeat births (3)...
April 28, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433259/building-the-foundations-for-sustainable-development-a-case-for-global-investment-in-the-capabilities-of-adolescents
#20
Peter Sheehan, Kim Sweeny, Bruce Rasmussen, Annababette Wils, Howard S Friedman, Jacqueline Mahon, George C Patton, Susan M Sawyer, Eric Howard, John Symons, Karin Stenberg, Satvika Chalasani, Neelam Maharaj, Nicola Reavley, Hui Shi, Masha Fridman, Alison Welsh, Emeka Nsofor, Laura Laski
Investment in the capabilities of the world's 1·2 billion adolescents is vital to the UN's Sustainable Development Agenda. We examined investments in countries of low income, lower-middle income, and upper-middle income covering the majority of these adolescents globally to derive estimates of investment returns given existing knowledge. The costs and effects of the interventions were estimated by adapting existing models and by extending methods to create new modelling tools. Benefits were valued in terms of increased gross domestic product and averted social costs...
April 19, 2017: Lancet
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