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Comprehensive sexuality education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284294/sex-ed-to-go-a-content-analysis-of-comprehensive-sexual-education-apps
#1
Kerstin M Kalke, Tamar Ginossar, Sayyed Fawad Ali Shah, Andrew J West
Mobile applications ("apps") designed for sexual health education have the potential to reach teens and young adults that are hard to reach through traditional platforms; however, little is known about availability of these apps and their adherence to existing guidelines. Following a search on the two major app stores, data from 2,693 apps were analyzed. Only 697 (25%) addressed sexual health, and only 15 (1%) of apps met inclusion criteria for comprehensive programs and their content was further analyzed. The content of most of these apps narrowly focused on sexually transmitted infections and pregnancy prevention and lacked information on puberty, sexual identity, and personal safety...
December 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248095/new-findings-on-child-marriage-in-sub-saharan-africa
#2
Suzanne Petroni, Mara Steinhaus, Natacha Stevanovic Fenn, Kirsten Stoebenau, Amy Gregowski
Despite increasing global attention and commitments by countries to end the harmful practice of child marriage, each year some 15 million girls marry before the age of 18. The preponderance of the evidence produced historically on child marriage comes from South Asia, where the vast majority of child brides live. Far less attention has been paid to child marriage in sub-Saharan Africa, where prevalence rates remain high. The International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) recently conducted research in Kenya, Senegal, Uganda, and Zambia to contribute to greater understanding of the drivers of child marriage in each of these contexts...
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228665/risk-factors-for-human-papillomavirus-infection-prevalent-among-uyghur-women-from-xinjiang-china
#3
Guzhalinuer Abulizi, Hua Li, Patiman Mijiti, Tangnuer Abulimiti, Jing Cai, Jie Gao, Dandan Meng, Reyihanguli Abula, Tunishahan Abudereyimu, Anarguli Aizezi, You Lin Qiao
We investigated the incidence of HPV and risk factors for infection among rural Uyghur women in the Xinjiang province of northwestern China, where there is a high incidence of cervical cancer. We used the careHPV kit to test 6000 sexually active Uyghur women aged 21 to 60 years for HPV, and conducted a comprehensive questionnaire survey to identify relevant HPV infection factors. Our data show the HPV infection rate to be 8.42%, which is lower than 11.7% reported worldwide, despite the higher cervical cancer incidence...
November 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205496/critical-caring-theory-and-public-health-nursing-advocacy-for-comprehensive-sexual-health-education
#4
Elizabeth Dickson, Marie L Lobo
Public health nurses (PHNs) often work with adolescent populations at risk for unplanned pregnancies who do not have access to comprehensive sexual health education (CSHE). Evidence-based CSHE can have a significant protective effect on adolescent sexual behaviors. This article applies critical caring theory to public health nursing advocacy for CSHE. Critical caring theory defines the social justice work of PHNs as an expression of their caring as nurses. The lack of CSHE in schools for adolescents is a social justice issue, and PHNs can be important advocates...
December 4, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198504/female-sexual-dysfunction-medical-and-psychological-treatments-committee-14
#5
Sheryl A Kingsberg, Stanley Althof, James A Simon, Andrea Bradford, Johannes Bitzer, Joana Carvalho, Kathryn E Flynn, Rossella E Nappi, Jennifer B Reese, Roya L Rezaee, Leslie Schover, Jan L Shifrin
INTRODUCTION: Since the millennium we have witnessed significant strides in the science and treatment of female sexual dysfunction (FSD). This forward progress has included (i) the development of new theoretical models to describe healthy and dysfunctional sexual responses in women; (ii) alternative classification strategies of female sexual disorders; (iii) major advances in brain, hormonal, psychological, and interpersonal research focusing on etiologic factors and treatment approaches; (iv) strong and effective public advocacy for FSD; and (v) greater educational awareness of the impact of FSD on the woman and her partner...
December 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195762/institutionalizing-sex-education-in-diverse-u-s-school-districts
#6
Rebekah Saul Butler, Danene Sorace, Kathleen Hentz Beach
PURPOSE: This paper describes the Working to Institutionalize Sex Education (WISE) Initiative, a privately funded effort to support ready public school districts to advance and sustain comprehensive sexuality programs, and examines the degree to which WISE has been successful in increasing access to sex education, removing barriers, and highlighting best practices. METHODS: The data for this study come from a set of performance indicators, guidance documents, and tools designed for the WISE Initiative to capture changes in sex education institutionalization at WISE school districts...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195514/college-students-perspectives-on-campus-health-centers-as-a-sexual-assault-resource-a-qualitative-analysis
#7
Valerie Halstead, Jessica R Williams, Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda
Students' perspectives of student health centers as a resource for sexual violence were examined. A qualitative, descriptive research design was used. Data were collected from 37 female undergraduate students in March 2016. Four focus groups were conducted and analyzed using thematic analysis techniques. Three themes emerged: (a) supports and barriers to using student health centers for sexual violence; (b) student health centers' responsibility to educate students about sexual violence; and (c) student health centers' responsibility to use campus-wide, comprehensive sexual violence efforts...
December 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190404/sex-ed-by-brown-med-a-student-run-curriculum-and-its-impact-on-sexual-health-knowledge
#8
Erica Duh, Sheyla P Medina, Nathan Coppersmith, Naomi Adjei, Mary B Roberts, Susanna Magee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Risky sexual behavior among adolescents is a public health crisis. We describe a novel approach to sexual health education where medical students manage a curriculum for an entire seventh grade in one Rhode Island city to better equip students with comprehensive knowledge about sexual health. METHODS: Medical students were trained to teach 12 sessions to seventh-grade students under the supervision of the classroom teacher using a curriculum designed by medical students and faculty (modeled on the Family Life and Sexual Health [FLASH] curriculum but tailored to meet the community's needs)...
November 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178118/midwives-educational-needs-and-knowledge-about-sexually-transmittable-infections-in-the-islamic-republic-of-iran
#9
Davoud Pourmarzi, Seyedeh Hajar Sharami
This study aimed to evaluate the educational needs and knowledge about sexually transmittable infections (STIs) demonstrated by midwives. In a cross-sectional study in 2014, 144 midwives in Rasht, Islamic Republic of Iran, were surveyed. The Persian version of the Sexually Transmitted Disease Knowledge Questionnaire (STD-KQ) and a researcher-made questionnaire to evaluate educational needs and profile were used. The participants obtained 74% of the total score of STD-KQ. Thirty-one percent of participants were categorized in high or very high need of education...
November 19, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161946/the-uptake-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-and-its-associated-factors-among-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#10
Alice Yuen Loke, Miu Ling Kwan, Yuen-Ting Wong, Alice Kar Yan Wong
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this review was to explore the uptake of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, its associated factors, and the facilitators of and barriers to HPV vaccination among adolescents. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted through 5 electronic databases, including PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Medline, and PsycInfo from January 2006 to March 2015 for studies examining the uptake, awareness, knowledge, acceptability, and intention of adolescents with regard to HPV vaccination...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146122/health-and-wellbeing-of-indigenous-adolescents-in-australia-a-systematic-synthesis-of-population-data
#11
Peter S Azzopardi, Susan M Sawyer, John B Carlin, Louisa Degenhardt, Ngiare Brown, Alex D Brown, George C Patton
BACKGROUND: Indigenous populations have high rates of disease and premature mortality. Most Indigenous communities are young, and adolescence (age 10-24 years) provides great opportunities for population health gain. However, the absence of a comprehensive account of Indigenous adolescents' health has been a barrier to effective policy. We aimed to report a national health profile for Indigenous adolescents in Australia. METHODS: We undertook a systematic synthesis of population data to report the health and wellbeing of Indigenous adolescents in Australia...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132501/low-education-levels-are-associated-with-early-age-of-sexual-debut-drug-use-and-risky-sexual-behaviours-among-young-indigenous-australians
#12
Handan Wand, Joanne Bryant, Heather Worth, Marian Pitts, John M Kaldor, Dea Delaney-Thiele, James Ward
Background: Earlier age at sexual debut is associated with drug and alcohol use, risky sexual behaviours and sexually transmissible infections (STI). Methods: In the present study, 2320 young Indigenous Australians were surveyed. Results: Most study participants had sex for the first time when they were 14 years or younger (79% and 67% for males and females respectively). More than 80% of participants were categorised as being in the high-risk category for the combined sexual risk factors (i.e. not using condoms, drunk or high at last sexual act, or three or more sexual partners in the past year)...
November 14, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094755/unplanned-pregnancies-in-new-zealand
#13
Bryndl E Hohmann-Marriott
BACKGROUND: Unplanned pregnancies can bring risk. It is important to have an accurate count of unplanned pregnancies, but to date there is no precise number for New Zealand or Australia. AIMS: This analysis estimates the number and proportion of pregnancies in New Zealand that are unplanned. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Estimates were generated using information about unplanned births from the Growing Up in New Zealand study, combined with data on the number of births and abortions from Statistics New Zealand and estimates of miscarriages...
November 2, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079946/depressive-symptoms-alcohol-and-drug-use-and-physical-and-sexual-abuse-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-kisumu-kenya-the-anza-mapema-study
#14
Colin P Kunzweiler, Robert C Bailey, Duncan O Okall, Susan M Graham, Supriya D Mehta, Fredrick O Otieno
Men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately burdened by depressive symptoms and psychosocial conditions including alcohol and substance abuse as well as physical and sexual abuse. We examined sociodemographic and psychosocial factors associated with depressive symptoms at baseline among a cohort of MSM in Kisumu, Kenya. Depressive symptoms were assessed via the Personal Health Questionnaire 9 instrument and examined dichotomously. We performed multivariable modified Poisson regression with robust standard errors for the binary outcome...
October 27, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068772/examining-the-efficacy-of-an-mhealth-media-literacy-education-program-for-sexual-health-promotion-in-older-adolescents-attending-community-college
#15
Tracy Marie Scull, Janis Beth Kupersmidt, Christina Valerie Malik, Elyse Mallory Keefe
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of a mobile health (mHealth), media literacy education program, Media Aware, for improving sexual health outcomes in older adolescent community college students. PARTICIPANTS: 184 community college students (ages 18-19) participated in the study from April-December 2015. METHODS: Eight community college campuses were randomly assigned to either the intervention or a wait-list control group. Student participants from each campus completed web-based pretest and posttest questionnaires...
October 25, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061870/sexual-and-reproductive-health-care-services-in-the-pediatric-setting
#16
REVIEW
Arik V Marcell, Gale R Burstein
Pediatricians are an important source of health care for adolescents and young adults and can play a significant role in addressing their patients' sexual and reproductive health needs, including preventing unintended pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, and promoting healthy relationships. STIs, HIV, and unintended pregnancy are all preventable health outcomes with potentially serious permanent sequelae; the highest rates of STIs, HIV, and unintended pregnancy are reported among adolescents and young adults...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053437/reaching-egyptian-gays-using-social-media-a-comprehensive-health-study-and-a-framework-for-future-research
#17
Ahmed Gamal Elmahy
The Internet has revolutionized research on sexual minorities by providing direct and safe access to hidden, stigmatized, and high-risk populations. This study investigated the possibility of using Facebook to reach Egyptian gays. The questionnaire was manually distributed to an extensive list of Facebook pages and groups related to the topic that has been collected using a snowball-like technique. The recruitment lasted from August 2015 to May 2016. Among the 461 eligible participants, the mean age was 26...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026748/knowledge-and-awareness-regarding-menstruation-and-hiv-aids-among-schoolgoing-adolescent-girls
#18
Rakhi Jain, Puneet Anand, Anuj Dhyani, Deshant Bansal
INTRODUCTION: Menstruation in our country is associated with various myths and restrictions leading to lack of awareness among adolescent girls. Insufficient menstrual hygiene practices are the cause of stress associated with menstruation and reproductive tract infections. Sexually transmitted infections and HIV/AIDS are not openly discussed in our society making adolescents vulnerable to them. AIM: To assess the knowledge of school going adolescent girls regarding menstrual hygiene and HIV/AIDS...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974359/beyond-the-effects-of-comprehensive-sexuality-education-the-significant-prospective-effects-of-youth-assets-on-contraceptive-behaviors
#19
Jennifer Green, Roy F Oman, Sara K Vesely, Marshall Cheney, Leslie Carroll
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to prospectively determine if youth assets were significantly associated with contraception use after accounting for the effects of youths' exposure to comprehensive sexuality education programming. METHODS: Prospective associations between youth asset scores, comprehensive sexuality education topics received, type of contraceptive used, and consistent contraceptive use were analyzed using multinomial and binomial logistic regression in a sample of 757 sexually active youth...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963952/comparison-of-comprehensive-and-abstinence-only-sexuality-education-in-young-african-american-adolescents
#20
Lindsay M Shepherd, Kaye F Sly, Jeffrey M Girard
The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of sexual behavior and condom use in African American adolescents, as well as to evaluate the effectiveness of comprehensive sexuality and abstinence-only education to reduce adolescent sexual behavior and increase condom use. Participants included 450 adolescents aged 12-14 years in the southern United States. Regression analyses showed favorable attitudes toward sexual behavior and social norms significantly predicted recent sexual behavior, and favorable attitudes toward condoms significantly predicted condom usage...
December 2017: Journal of Adolescence
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