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Adolescent Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110160/moderating-and-mediating-effects-of-resilience-between-childhood-trauma-and-depressive-symptoms-in-chinese-children
#1
Huisi Ding, Juan Han, Minli Zhang, Kaiqiao Wang, Jiangling Gong, Senbei Yang
BACKGROUND: Childhood trauma has been regarded as a risk factor for adolescent depression. Resilience has been found to be a protective factor for adolescent mental health. However, it is not clear about the role of resilience in the relationship between childhood trauma and depression. METHODS: School attending adolescents (n=6406) aged 9-17 years were drawn from five primary schools, three middle schools and two high schools in Wuhan city of China in 2015. The participants were invited to complete self-report questionnaires, including demographics, childhood trauma, resilience and depressive symptoms...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110154/factors-associated-with-electronic-cigarette-use-among-current-cigarette-smoking-adolescents-in-the-republic-of-korea
#2
Sunhee Park, Haein Lee, Soyoon Min
OBJECTIVE: Despite a rapid increase in electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use and substantial dual use of cigarettes and e-cigarettes among adolescents, little is currently known about adolescent e-cigarette use. Thus, this study aimed to investigate (a) rates of e-cigarette use and (b) significant factors associated with e-cigarette use among current cigarette users in adolescence. METHODS: We analyzed secondary data collected from a nationally representative sample of Korean adolescents...
January 4, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110134/concentrations-of-fluoride-in-water-and-plasma-for-us-children-and-adolescents-data-from-nhanes-2013-2014
#3
Ram B Jain
For the first time, for 2013-2014, as part of ongoing National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, data for fluoride concentrations in water and plasma for U.S. children and adolescents were released in the public domain. This study was undertaken to investigate how fluoride concentrations vary in water and plasma with age, gender, race/ethnicity, housing ownership, use of prescription fluoride drops and/or tablets, exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, and recent use of tobacco products (among adolescents)...
January 17, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110108/boys-are-not-exempt-sexual-exploitation-of-adolescents-in-sub-saharan-africa
#4
Jones K Adjei, Elizabeth M Saewyc
Research on youth sexual exploitation in Africa has largely neglected the experiences of exploited boys. To date, much of the research in sub-Saharan Africa continues to consider boys mainly as exploiters but not as exploited. Using the only publicly available population-based surveys from the National Survey of Adolescents, conducted in four sub-Saharan African countries - Burkina Faso, Ghana, Malawi, and Uganda-we assessed factors associated with transactional sexual behaviour among never-married adolescent boys and girls...
January 18, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109736/social-disparities-in-the-relationship-between-depression-and-unintended-pregnancy-during-adolescence-and-young-adulthood
#5
Kelli Stidham Hall, Jennifer L Richards, Kathleen Mullan Harris
PURPOSE: We investigated the influence of depression on subsequent risk of unintended pregnancy and social disparities within this relationship, during adolescence and young adulthood. METHODS: Drawing upon 15-year, nationally representative data from 8,810 young U.S. women in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we estimated associations between depression and time to first pregnancies reported as unintended, overall and stratified by race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and age with Cox proportional hazard models...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109661/mapping-sites-of-high-tb-transmission-risk-integrating-the-shared-air-and-social-behaviour-of-tb-cases-and-adolescents-in-a-south-african-township
#6
Benjamin Patterson, Carl D Morrow, Daniel Kohls, Caroline Deignan, Samuel Ginsburg, Robin Wood
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis remains a major public health problem in poverty-stricken areas of the world. Communal gathering places account for the majority of TB transmission in high burden settings. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the social behaviour patterns of individuals who have developed TB disease and adolescents at risk of infection. To develop a cheap and effective method to locate transmission hot spots in high burden communities. DESIGN: Portable, combined CO2/GIS monitors and location diaries were given to individuals from a South African township...
January 18, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109566/effectiveness-of-virtual-reality-rehabilitation-for-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy-an-updated-evidence-based-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
D K Ravi, N Kumar, P Singhi
BACKGROUND: The use of virtual reality systems in the motor rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy is new, and thus the scientific evidence for its effectiveness needs to be evaluated through a systematic review. OBJECTIVE: To provide updated evidence-based guidance for virtual reality rehabilitation in sensory and functional motor skills of children and adolescents with cerebral palsy. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, PEDro, Web of Science, OTseeker, PsycINFO and Cochrane Library were searched from their earliest records up to 1 June, 2016...
September 27, 2016: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109451/revictimization-after-adolescent-dating-violence-in-a-matched-national-sample-of-youth
#8
Deinera Exner-Cortens, John Eckenrode, John Bunge, Emily Rothman
PURPOSE: To assess if adolescent dating violence was associated with physical intimate partner violence victimization in adulthood, using a comprehensive propensity score to create a matched group of victims and nonvictims. METHODS: Secondary analysis of waves 1 (1994-1995), 2 (1996), 3 (2001-2002) and 4 (2007-2008) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, a nationally representative sample of US high schools and middle schools. Individuals aged 12-18 reporting adolescent dating violence between the wave 1 and 2 interviews (n = 732) were matched to nonvictimized participants of the same sex (n = 1,429) using propensity score matching...
February 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109450/global-health-priorities-and-the-adolescent-birth-rate
#9
EDITORIAL
Jason M Nagata
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109414/snap-participation-and-diet-sensitive-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-adolescents
#10
Cindy W Leung, June M Tester, Eric B Rimm, Walter C Willett
INTRODUCTION: Previous research suggests participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is associated with poorer adult cardiometabolic health; the extent to which these associations extend to adolescents is unknown. Differences in diet quality, obesity, and cardiometabolic risk factors were examined among SNAP participants, income-eligible nonparticipants, and higher-income adolescents. METHODS: The study population comprised 4,450 adolescents ≤300% federal poverty level from the 2003-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109335/inequitable-gender-norms-from-early-adolescence-to-young-adulthood-in-uganda-tool-validation-and-differences-across-age%C3%A2-groups
#11
Lung Vu, Julie Pulerwitz, Brady Burnett-Zieman, Cecily Banura, Jerry Okal, Eileen Yam
PURPOSE: We aimed to describe and compare gender norms among 10- to 14-year-olds versus 15- to 24-year-olds and to conduct a rigorous evaluation of the GEM Scale's performance among these two age groups. METHODS: We conducted a two-stage cluster-sampled survey among 387 females and 583 males, aged 10-24 years, in rural and urban communities near Kampala, Uganda. We applied, assessed, and adapted the GEM Scale (Pulerwitz and Barker, 2008), which measures views toward gender norms in four domains...
February 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109262/implementation-of-early-intensive-behavioural-intervention-for-children-with-autism-in-switzerland
#12
Nadja Studer, Ronnie Gundelfinger, Tanja Schenker, Hans-Christoph Steinhausen
BACKGROUND: There is a major gap between the US and most European countries regarding the implementation of early intensive behavioural intervention (EIBI) for children with autism. The present paper reports on the current status of EIBI in Switzerland and on the effectiveness of EIBI under clinical conditions in a Swiss pilot project. METHODS: The paper combines a narrative report of the care system for children with autism in Switzerland and an initial evaluation of EIBI as implemented in the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Zurich...
January 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109192/prevalence-of-oral-manifestations-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cancer-submitted-to-chemotherapy
#13
Deise Berger Velten, Eliana Zandonade, Maria Helena Monteiro de Barros Miotto
BACKGROUND: Oral complications may be observed during chemotherapy and are important side effects that may directly affect the anticancer treatment, even causing septicaemia in some cases. This research was done in order to evaluate changes in oral lesions during follow-up of children and adolescents in chemotherapy at Hospital Estadual Infantil Nossa Senhora da Glória (HEINSG). METHODS: The study design was longitudinal, 45 patients were evaluated and monitored for 1 month after the initiation of chemotherapy...
January 20, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108926/prospective-associations-between-peer-victimization-and-dispositional-mindfulness-in-early-adolescence
#14
Nathaniel R Riggs, Samantha M Brown
Peer victimization is associated with several mental health and behavioral problems during childhood and adolescence. Identifying prospective associations between victimization and factors known to protect against these problems may ultimately contribute to more precise developmental models for victimization's role in behavioral and mental health. This study tested prospective associations between peer victimization and dispositional mindfulness, defined by non-judgmental and accepting awareness of the constant stream of lived experience, during early adolescence...
January 20, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108580/chronic-conditions-and-health-care-needs-of-adolescents-born-at-23-to-25-weeks-gestation
#15
Antti Holsti, Marie Adamsson, Bruno Hägglöf, Aijaz Farooqi, Fredrik Serenius
OBJECTIVE: We examined chronic conditions, functional limitations, and special health care needs in extremely preterm children (EPT; 23-25 weeks' gestation) born between 1992 and 1998 at 2 Swedish tertiary care centers that offered regional and active perinatal care to all live-born EPT infants. METHODS: Of 134 surviving EPT children, 132 (98%) were assessed at 10 to 15 years of age alongside 103 term-born controls. Identification of children with functional limitations and special health care needs was based on a questionnaire administered to parents...
January 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108415/how-does-mindfulness-modulate-self-regulation-in-pre-adolescent-children-an-integrative-neurocognitive-review
#16
REVIEW
Rebekah Jane Kaunhoven, Dusana Dorjee
Pre-adolescence is a key developmental period in which complex intrinsic volitional methods of self-regulation are acquired as a result of rapid maturation within the brain networks underlying the self-regulatory processes of attention control and emotion regulation. Fostering adaptive self-regulation skills during this stage of development has strong implications for physical health, emotional and socio-economic outcomes during adulthood. There is a growing interest in mindfulness-based programmes for pre-adolescents with initial findings suggesting self-regulation improvements, however, neurodevelopmental studies on mindfulness with pre-adolescents are scarce...
January 17, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108267/fitness-and-fatness-in-relation-with-attention-capacity-in-european-adolescents-the-helena-study
#17
Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Jeremy Vanhelst, Jonatan R Ruiz, Ruth Castillo-Gualda, Lars Libuda, Idoia Labayen, Pilar De Miguel-Etayo, Ascensión Marcos, Eszter Molnár, Andrés Catena, Luis A Moreno, Michael Sjöström, Frederic Gottrand, Kurt Widhalm, Francisco B Ortega
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of health-related physical fitness components and accurate measures of fatness with attention in European adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: A sub-sample of 444 adolescents from the HELENA study (14.5±1.2years) from 6 different countries participated in this study. Adolescents underwent evaluations of fitness (20m shuttle run, handgrip strength, standing long jump and 4×10m shuttle run tests), fatness (body mass index, skinfold thicknesses, bioelectrical impedance, Bod Pod and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry) and attention (d2-test)...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107886/measuring-family-functioning-in-families-with-parental-cancer-reliability-and-validity-of-the-german-adaptation-of-the-family-assessment-device-fad
#18
Volker Beierlein, Johanna Christine Bultmann, Birgit Möller, Kai von Klitzing, Hans-Henning Flechtner, Franz Resch, Wolfgang Herzog, Elmar Brähler, Daniel Führer, Georg Romer, Uwe Koch, Corinna Bergelt
OBJECTIVE: The concept of family functioning is gaining importance in psycho-oncology research and health care services. The Family Assessment Device (FAD) is a well-established measure of family functioning. Psychometric properties inherent in the German 51-item adaptation of the FAD are examined in different samples of families with parental cancer. METHODS: Acceptance, reliability, and validity of FAD scales are analysed in samples from different study settings (N=1701 cancer patients, N=261 partners, N=158 dependent adolescent children 11 to 18years old)...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107528/nasopharyngeal-microbiome-diversity-changes-over-time-in-children-with-asthma
#19
Marcos Pérez-Losada, Lamia Alamri, Keith A Crandall, Robert J Freishtat
BACKGROUND: The nasopharynx is a reservoir for pathogens associated with respiratory illnesses such as asthma. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) has been used to characterize the nasopharyngeal microbiome of infants and adults during health and disease; less is known, however, about the composition and temporal dynamics (i.e., longitudinal variation) of microbiotas from children and adolescents. Here we use NGS technology to characterize the nasopharyngeal microbiomes of asthmatic children and adolescents (6 to 18 years) and determine their stability over time...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107039/future-directions-in-the-study-of-early-life-stress-and-physical-and-emotional-health-implications-of-the-neuroimmune-network-hypothesis
#20
Camelia E Hostinar, Robin Nusslock, Gregory E Miller
Early-life stress is associated with increased vulnerability to physical and emotional health problems across the lifespan. The recently developed neuroimmune network hypothesis proposes that one of the underlying mechanisms for these associations is that early-life stress amplifies bidirectional crosstalk between the brain and the immune system, contributing to several mental and physical health conditions that have inflammatory underpinnings, such as depression and coronary heart disease. Neuroimmune crosstalk is thought to perpetuate inflammation and neural alterations linked to early-life stress exposure, and also foster behaviors that can further compromise health, such as smoking, drug abuse and consumption of high-fat diets...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
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