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Adolescent Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646709/association-between-father-involvement-and-attitudes-in-early-child-rearing-and-depressive-symptoms-in-the-pre-adolescent-period-in-a-uk-birth-cohort
#1
Charles Opondo, Maggie Redshaw, Maria A Quigley
BACKGROUND: Much of the research on parenting and its influence on child development has emphasised the mother's role. However, increasing evidence highlights the important role of fathers in the development, health and well-being of their children. We sought to explore the association between paternal involvement in early child-rearing and depressive symptoms in 9 and 11 year-old children. METHODS: We used data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) cohort recruited in the southwest of England...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646496/unmet-belongingness-needs-but-not-high-belongingness-needs-alone-predict-adverse-well-being-a-response-surface-modeling-approach
#2
Maaike Verhagen, Gerine M A Lodder, Roy F Baumeister
OBJECTIVE: Previous work has linked high levels of belongingness needs to low well-being, suggesting that high desire for social connection causes problems. Against that view, we hypothesized that problems stem especially from unmet belongingness needs. To examine this, discrepancies between belongingness needs and relationship satisfaction were measured. METHOD: 1,342 adolescents (Mage = 13.94 years, 48.6% boys) completed questionnaires about belongingness needs, relationship satisfaction, loneliness, depressive symptoms and self-esteem...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646002/preparation-for-transition-to-adult-care-among-medicaid-insured-adolescents
#3
Gregory S Sawicki, Katharine C Garvey, Sara L Toomey, Kathryn A Williams, J Lee Hargraves, Thomas James, Jean L Raphael, Angelo P Giardino, Mark A Schuster, Jonathan A Finkelstein
BACKGROUND: Parents of children with chronic illness consistently report suboptimal preparation for transition from pediatric- to adult-focused health care. Little data are available on transition preparation for low-income youth in particular. METHODS: We conducted a mailed survey of youth with chronic illness enrolled in 2 large Medicaid health plans to determine the quality of transition preparation using the Adolescent Assessment of Preparation for Transition (ADAPT)...
June 23, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645979/the-2015-middle-childhood-survey-mcs-of-mental-health-and-well-being-at-age-11-years-in-an-australian-population-cohort
#4
Kristin R Laurens, Stacy Tzoumakis, Kimberlie Dean, Sally A Brinkman, Miles Bore, Rhoshel K Lenroot, Maxwell Smith, Allyson Holbrook, Kim M Robinson, Robert Stevens, Felicity Harris, Vaughan J Carr, Melissa J Green
PURPOSE: The Middle Childhood Survey (MCS) was designed as a computerised self-report assessment of children's mental health and well-being at approximately 11 years of age, conducted with a population cohort of 87 026 children being studied longitudinally within the New South Wales (NSW) Child Development Study. PARTICIPANTS: School Principals provided written consent for teachers to administer the MCS in class to year 6 students at 829 NSW schools (35.0% of eligible schools)...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645970/the-relation-between-birthweight-childhood-body-mass-index-and-overweight-and-obesity-in-late-adolescence-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-from-norway-the-troms%C3%A3-study-fit-futures
#5
Elin Evensen, Nina Emaus, Ane Kokkvoll, Tom Wilsgaard, Anne-Sofie Furberg, Guri Skeie
OBJECTIVES: Childhood overweight/obesity is associated with later overweight/obesity. However, the association between birth weight and later overweight/obesity has not been established. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between both birth weight and childhood body mass index (BMI), and adolescent overweight/obesity in a Norwegian population. METHODS: The Tromsø Study - Fit Futures is a population-based cohort study conducted in 2010-2011 and 2012-2013 in Tromsø, Norway...
June 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645330/screen-based-sedentary-behavior-during-adolescence-and-pulmonary-function-in-a-birth-cohort
#6
Bruna Gonçalves C da Silva, Ana M B Menezes, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Fernando C Barros, Michael Pratt
BACKGROUND: Adolescents spend many hours in sitting activities as television viewing, video game playing and computer use. The relationship between sedentary behavior and respiratory health remains poorly elucidated. To date there have been no studies evaluating the relationship between sedentary behavior and pulmonary function in young populations. The purpose of this study is to examine the association between the trajectory of screen-based sedentary behavior from 11 to 18 years and pulmonary function at 18 years in a Brazilian birth cohort...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645184/early-menarche-and-menstrual-problems-are-associated-with-sleep-disturbance-in-a-large-sample-of-chinese-adolescent-girls
#7
Xianchen Liu, Hua Chen, Zhen-Zhen Liu, Fang Fan, Cun-Xian Jia
Study Objectives: Little is known about the association between menstruation and sleep disturbance in adolescent girls. This study examined sleep duration, insomnia symptoms, and sleep quality in relation to age at menarche and menstrual problems in a large sample of Chinese adolescent girls. Methods: This report represents the baseline data of an ongoing longitudinal study of the Shandong Adolescent Behavior & Health Cohort (SABHC) in Shandong, China. 5,800 12 to 18-year-old girls (mean age= 15...
June 22, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645136/childhood-traumatic-experiences-and-the-association-with-marijuana-and-cocaine-use-in-adolescence-through-adulthood
#8
Joy D Scheidell, Kelly Quinn, Susan P McGorray, B Christopher Frueh, Nisha N Beharie, Linda B Cottler, Maria R Khan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Examination of longitudinal relationships between childhood traumatic experiences and drug use across the life-course at the national level, with control of confounding by other forms of trauma, is needed. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of nine typologies of childhood traumas and the cumulative number experienced, correlation between traumas, and associations between individual and cumulative number of traumas with drug use during adolescence, emerging adulthood, and adulthood...
June 23, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645126/-adhd-in-adults-and-comorbid-substance-use-disorder-prevalence-clinical-diagnostics-and-integrated-therapy
#9
Henrike Dirks, Norbert Scherbaum, Bernhard Kis, Christian Mette
Substance use disorders (SUD) are one of the most frequent mental disorders among adults. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity-Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common mental health issues in childhood and adolescence, often persisting in adulthood. ADHD in childhood and adolescence is a robust predictor of tobacco, alcohol and illicit substance use in adulthood. Prevalence of comorbid ADHD in SUD patients is high. Nearly one quarter of these patients fulfill the DSM IV criteria for ADHD. Integrated concepts for treatment of SUD and ADHD are needed, but rare up to now...
June 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645056/serious-delinquency-and-later-schizophrenia-a-nationwide-register-based-follow-up-study-of-finnish-pretrial-15-to-19-year-old-offenders-sent-for-a-forensic-psychiatric-examination
#10
N Lindberg, J Miettunen, A Heiskala, R Kaltiala-Heino
BACKGROUND: Aggressive and disruptive behaviors often precede the onset of schizophrenia. In this register-based follow-up study with a case-control design, we wanted to investigate if serious delinquency was associated with future diagnoses of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder (here, broadly defined schizophrenia) among a nationwide consecutive sample of 15- to 19-year-old Finnish delinquents sent for a forensic psychiatric examination in 1989-2010. METHODS: The sample comprised 313 delinquents with no past or current psychotic disorder...
May 15, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644755/a-contemporary-examination-of-first-and-second-permanent-molar-emergence
#11
B T Pahel, W F Vann, K Divaris, R G Rozier
The emergence of first permanent molars (FPMs) and second permanent molars (SPMs) is an important developmental milestone influencing caries risk and the timing of sealant placement. Emergence times have been shown to vary by sex and race/ethnicity, while recent reports suggest a positive association with adiposity. Amid the changing demographics of the US population and the rising rates of pediatric overweight/obesity, we sought to examine the association of body mass index (BMI) with FPM/SPM emergence in a representative sample of US children and adolescents...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644350/lack-of-knowledge-and-low-readiness-for-health-care-transition-in-eosinophilic-esophagitis-and-eosinophilic-gastroenteritis
#12
Swathi Eluri, Wendy M Book, Ellyn Kodroff, Mary Jo Strobel, Jessica H Gebhart, Patricia D Jones, Paul Menard-Katcher, Maria E Ferris, Evan S Dellon
OBJECTIVES: A growing population of adolescents/young adults with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) and eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE) will need to transition from pediatric to adult health providers. Measuring health care transition (HCT) readiness is critical, but no studies have evaluated this process in EoE/EGE. We determined the scope and predictors of HCT knowledge in patients and parents with EoE/EGE and measured HCT readiness in adolescents/young adults. METHODS: We conducted an online survey of patients 13 years or older and parents of patients with EoE/EGE who were diagnosed when 25 years or younger...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644337/committee-opinion-no-705-mental-health-disorders-in-adolescents
#13
(no author information available yet)
Mental health disorders in adolescence are a significant problem, relatively common, and amenable to treatment or intervention. Obstetrician-gynecologists who see adolescent patients are highly likely to see adolescents and young women who have one or more mental health disorders. Some of these disorders may interfere with a patient's ability to understand or articulate her health concerns and appropriately adhere to recommended treatment. Some disorders or their treatments will affect the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, causing anovulatory cycles and various menstrual disturbances...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644330/committee-opinion-no-705-summary-mental-health-disorders-in-adolescents
#14
(no author information available yet)
Mental health disorders in adolescence are a significant problem, relatively common, and amenable to treatment or intervention. Obstetrician-gynecologists who see adolescent patients are highly likely to see adolescents and young women who have one or more mental health disorders. Some of these disorders may interfere with a patient's ability to understand or articulate her health concerns and appropriately adhere to recommended treatment. Some disorders or their treatments will affect the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, causing anovulatory cycles and various menstrual disturbances...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643572/distinctive-barriers-to-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-among-non-adherent-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-botswana
#15
Elizabeth Yang, Seipone Mphele, Neo Moshashane, Boineelo Bula, Jennifer Chapman, Harriet Okatch, Ed Pettitt, Ontibile Tshume, Tafireyi Marukutira, Gabriel Anabwani, Elizabeth Lowenthal
Levels of adherence to HIV treatment are lower among adolescents compared with older and younger individuals receiving similar therapies. We purposely sampled the most and least adherent adolescents from a 300-adolescent longitudinal HIV treatment adherence study in Gaborone, Botswana. Multiple objective and subjective measures of adherence were available and study participants were selected based on sustained patterns of either excellent or poor adherence over a one-year period. Focus group discussions (FGD) and in-depth interviews (IDI) were conducted with the adolescents and a subset of their caregivers with the goal of revealing barriers and facilitators of adherence...
June 23, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643377/randomized-feasibility-trial-to-improve-hydroxyurea-adherence-in-youth-ages-10-18-years-through-community-health-workers-the-habit-study
#16
Nancy S Green, Deepa Manwani, Sergio Matos, April Hicks, Luisa Soto, Yina Castillo, Karen Ireland, Yvonne Stennett, Sally Findley, Haomiao Jia, Arlene Smaldone
INTRODUCTION: The main therapeutic intervention for sickle cell disease (SCD) is hydroxyurea (HU). The effect of HU is largely through dose-dependent induction of fetal hemoglobin (HbF). Poor HU adherence is common among adolescents. METHODS: Our 6-month, two-site pilot intervention trial, "HABIT," was led by culturally aligned community health workers (CHWs). CHWs performed support primarily through home visits, augmented by tailored text message reminders. Dyads of youth with SCD ages 10-18 years and a parent were enrolled...
June 23, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643209/high-intensity-interval-training-interventions-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
William T B Eddolls, Melitta A McNarry, Gareth Stratton, Charles O N Winn, Kelly A Mackintosh
BACKGROUND: Whilst there is increasing interest in the efficacy of high-intensity interval training in children and adolescents as a time-effective method of eliciting health benefits, there remains little consensus within the literature regarding the most effective means for delivering a high-intensity interval training intervention. Given the global health issues surrounding childhood obesity and associated health implications, the identification of effective intervention strategies is imperative...
June 22, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642834/binge-drinking-and-depression-the-influence-of-romantic-partners-in-young-adulthood
#18
Giuseppina Valle Holway, Debra Umberson, Mieke Beth Thomeer
Although research shows that spouses influence each other's health behaviors and psychological well-being, we know little about whether these patterns extend to young people in nonmarital as well as marital relationships. We use the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health to consider how a romantic partner's binge drinking and depression influence the respondent's binge drinking and depression within 1,111 young adult couples and explore whether these processes are moderated by gender. We find that partners' binge drinking is associated with increased odds of binge drinking for respondents, and partners' depression is associated with increased odds of depression for respondents...
March 2017: Society and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642720/depressive-symptomatology-among-norwegian-adolescent-boys-and-girls-the-patient-health-questionnaire-9-phq-9-psychometric-properties-and-correlates
#19
Jasmina Burdzovic Andreas, Geir S Brunborg
This study explored the potential contribution of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-IV)-based Patient Health Questionnaire-9 item (PHQ-9) instrument to the developmental epidemiology research in Norway, by examining depressive symptoms in a school sample of adolescents (N = 846). The average PHQ-9 scores were 6.89 (SD = 5.13) for girls, and 4.57 (SD = 3.98) for boys; 8.5% of girls and 2.6% of boys were classified into the originally proposed categories indicative of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD; PHQ-9 scores ≥ 15)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642668/adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-surgical-treatment-and-quality-of-life
#20
Luciano Miller Reis Rodrigues, Alberto Ofenhejm Gotfryd, André Nunes Machado, Matheus Defino, Leonardo Yukio Jorge Asano
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of perioperative factors and their impact on clinical and functional outcomes in Brazilian patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). METHODS: We performed a prospective study with 49 consecutive AIS patients who underwent spine fusion and had a minimum 2 year follow-up. Clinical and radiographic data were correlated to SRS-30 scores in order to predict postoperative results. RESULTS: There was a negative association between patient age at the time of surgery and back pain...
May 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
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