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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340450/health-promotion-and-psychological-interventions-for-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Natalie Katrina Bradford, Raymond Javan Chan
BACKGROUND: The effects of cancer and treatment have severe and long lasting negative impacts on quality of life. Adolescents and Young Adults (AYA) have high survival rates but may not reach their full life potential because of these consequences. This review aims to identify, appraise and synthesise the effects of health promotion and psychological interventions for AYA after cancer treatment. METHODS: The review was undertaken using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines...
March 6, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340201/a-systematic-review-of-the-relationship-of-physical-activity-and-health-status-in-adolescents
#2
Emily Granger, Francesco Di Nardo, Annie Harrison, Lesley Patterson, Raphael Holmes, Arpana Verma
Reduced physical activity is a known risk factor for many illnesses. Research in adolescent populations found increased physical activity levels improves objective health outcomes, but there is conflicting evidence regarding the relationship between physical activity levels and self-reported health status. To synthesise current evidence on the association between physical activity and self-reported health status in adolescents. Secondary objectives are to assess whether the relationship is dose dependant, and the appropriateness of WHO recommendations on adolescents' physical activity...
March 15, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340189/the-relationship-between-pain-severity-and-alcohol-use-among-school-aged-children-and-adolescents-the-moderating-role-of-drinking-motives
#3
Claudia Horn-Hofmann, Zina Trost, Anne Hublet, Sylvie Mrug, Joris Van Damme, Tine Vervoort
Objective. : Evidence from adult samples suggests a co-occurrence between pain and alcohol abuse. However, studies in adolescents are scarce and results are inconsistent, with some studies observing heightened and others observing reduced alcohol consumption in adolescents suffering from pain. We hypothesized that in adolescents the association between pain and alcohol use will be moderated by drinking motives. Methods. : Data from a large representative sample of Flemish school children and adolescents (N = 10,650, 50...
March 15, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340118/group-music-therapy-as-a-preventive-intervention-for-young-people-at-risk-cluster-randomized-trial
#4
Christian Gold, Suvi Saarikallio, Alexander Hew Dale Crooke, Katrina Skewes McFerran
Background: Music forms an important part of the lives and identities of adolescents and may have positive or negative mental health implications. Music therapy can be effective for mental disorders such as depression, but its preventive potential is unknown. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine whether group music therapy (GMT) is an effective intervention for young people who may be at risk of developing mental health problems, as indicated via unhealthy music use...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339812/spending-on-hospital-care-and-pediatric-psychology-service-use-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer
#5
Meghan E McGrady, James L Peugh, Gabriella A Brown, Ahna L H Pai
To examine the relationship between need-based pediatric psychology service use and spending on hospital care among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer. Billing data were obtained from 48 AYAs with cancer receiving need-based pediatric psychology services and a comparison cohort of 48 AYAs with cancer not receiving services. A factorial analysis of covariance examined group differences in spending for hospital care. Pending significant findings, a multivariate analysis of covariance was planned to examine the relationship between need-based pediatric psychology service use and spending for inpatient admissions, emergency department (ED) visits, and outpatient visits...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339800/the-dark-cloud-of-recreational-drugs-and-vaping
#6
M S Blundell, P I Dargan, D M Wood
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are increasing in popularity with 19% of UK smokers reporting to have used them. The ability to regulate the evaporation temperature in newer electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) facilitates the potential for use of these devices to 'vape' cannabis, novel psychoactive substances (NPS) and other recreational drugs. Vaping cannabis does have the potential to reduce tobacco use and combustible cannabis/tobacco-related disease, but with over one-third of UK adults reporting life-time use of recreational drugs and increasing e-cigarette uptake in adolescent groups the misuse of these devices poses a serious potential public health risk...
March 9, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339616/time-trends-in-smoking-onset-by-sex-and-race-ethnicity-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-findings-from-the-2006-2013-national-survey-on-drug-use-and-health
#7
Azure B Thompson, Paul D Mowery, Jacob Kraemer Tebes, Sherry A McKee
Introduction: During the 2000s the number of adolescents who became new smokers in the United States declined while the number of young adults who did so increased. However, we do not know among which demographic groups these changes occurred. Methods: We analyzed data from the 2006 to 2013 National Survey of Drug Use and Health (n = 180 079). Multivariate linear regression models were used to assess annual trends in smoking onset and log-binomial regression models to assess changes over time in the risk of smoking onset among young adults (18- to 25-years-old) relative adolescents (12- to 17-years-old)...
January 30, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339610/prescription-opioid-use-among-young-parents-in-the-united-states-results-from-the-national-longitudinal-study-of-adolescent-to-adult-health
#8
Anna E Austin, Meghan E Shanahan
Objectives.:  No estimates exist regarding the extent of prescription opioid use among US adults who are the primary caregivers to children. Methods.:  Data were from Wave IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. Respondents were age 24 to 32 years. We compared the prevalence of prescription opioid use in the last four weeks and medical conditions with the potential to precipitate use among parents (i.e., one or more children living in the household) and nonparents...
January 31, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339560/temporal-trends-in-renal-function-and-birthweight-in-japanese-adolescent-males-1998-2015
#9
Takeshi Kanda, Ayano Takeda, Hiroshi Hirose, Takayuki Abe, Hidenori Urai, Mikako Inokuchi, Shu Wakino, Mitsuaki Tokumura, Hiroshi Itoh, Hiroshi Kawabe
Background.: Low birthweight (LBW) is a worldwide public health problem, demonstrating an increasing incidence in developed countries, including Japan. LBW is also a risk factor for later development of chronic kidney disease (CKD). To date, studies have not evaluated the population impacts of increasing LBW rates on renal function. Methods.: Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was evaluated in 3737 Japanese adolescent males (15-16 years old) using annual cross-sectional data over an 18-year period (1998-2015)...
January 17, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338644/clinical-hypnosis-an-effective-mind-body-modality-for-adolescents-with-behavioral-and-physical-complaints
#10
REVIEW
Anju Sawni, Cora Collette Breuner
Mind-body medicine is a system of health practices that includes meditation/relaxation training, guided imagery, hypnosis, biofeedback, yoga, art/music therapy, prayer, t'ai chi, and psychological therapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy. Clinical hypnosis is an important mind-body tool that serves as an adjunct to conventional medical care for the adolescent patient. Clinical hypnosis specifically uses self-directed therapeutic suggestions to cultivate the imagination and facilitate the mind-body connection, leading to positive emotional and physical well-being...
March 24, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338416/impact-of-a-complex-care-management-model-on-cost-and-utilization-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-special-care-and-health-needs
#11
Daniel D Maeng, Susan R Snyder, Thomas W Davis, Janet F Tomcavage
Adolescents and young adults with special care and health needs in the United States-many of whom have Medicaid coverage-at the transition phase between pediatric and adult care often experience critical care gaps. To address this challenge, a new model-referred to as Comprehensive Care Clinic (CCC)-has been developed and implemented by Geisinger Health System since 2012. CCC comprises a care team, consisting of a generalist physician, advanced practitioner, pharmacist, and a nurse case manager, that develops and closely follows a coordinated care plan...
March 24, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338412/adolescent-changes-in-aerobic-fitness-are-related-to-changes-in-academic-achievement
#12
Lauren B Raine, John R Biggan, Carol L Baym, Brian J Saliba, Neal J Cohen, Charles H Hillman
There is a growing trend of decreasing physical fitness among adolescents, which may not only result in poorer physical health, but also poorer academic achievement. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes in aerobic fitness and academic achievement in reading and mathematics during middle school. METHOD: This study employed a prospective, longitudinal cross-sectional design. Fifty-two adolescents were followed from sixth grade through eighth grade...
March 24, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338040/regular-supervised-fluoride-mouthrinse-use-by-children-and-adolescents-associated-with-caries-reduction
#13
Mishel Shahid
Data sourcesCochrane Oral Health Group's Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Medline, Embase, CINAHL, LILACS, BBO, Proquest Dissertations and Theses, Web of Science Conference Proceedings, ClinicalTrials.gov and the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform.Study selectionRandomised or quasi-randomised controlled trials where blind outcome assessment was stated or indicated, comparing fluoride mouthrinse with placebo or no treatment in children up to 16 years of age with a duration of at least 12 months...
March 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338031/preoperative-analgesia-for-children-and-adolescents-to-reduce-pain-associated-with-dental-treatment
#14
Catherine McCann
Data sourcesCochrane Oral Health Group's Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Medline, Embase, LILACS, ISI Web of Science, ClinicalTrials.gov and the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform.Study selectionRandomised controlled clinical trials of analgesics given before dental treatment versus placebo or no analgesics in children and adolescents up to 17 years of age. Children and adolescents having dental treatment under sedation (including nitrous oxide/oxygen) or general anaesthesia were excluded...
March 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336745/sport-and-scholastic-factors-in-relation-to-smoking-and-smoking-initiation-in-older-adolescents-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#15
Damir Sekulic, Nedim Sisic, Admir Terzic, Indira Jasarevic, Ljerka Ostojic, Haris Pojskic, Natasa Zenic
OBJECTIVE: Sport and scholastic factors are known to be associated with cigarette smoking in adolescence, but little is known about the causality of this association. The aim of this study was to prospectively explore the relationships of different sport and scholastic factors with smoking prevalence initiation in older adolescents from Bosnia and Herzegovina. METHODS: In this 2-year prospective cohort study, there were 872 adolescent participants (16 years at baseline; 46% females)...
March 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336103/25-hydroxyvitamin-d-is-differentially-associated-with-calcium-intakes-of-northern-central-and-southern-european-adolescents-results-from-the-helena-study
#16
Cristina Julian, Marcela González-Gross, Christina Breidenassel, Theodora Mouratidou, Germán Vicente-Rodriguez, Luis Gracia-Marco, Marika Ferrari, Kurt Widhalm, Dénes Molnár, Anthony Kafatos, Frederic Gottrand, Yannis Manios, Alejandro de la O, Mathilde Kersting, Stefaan De Henauw, Marc J Gunter, Luis A Moreno, Inge Huybrechts
OBJECTIVES: Adolescents in the European Union (EU) exhibit a higher prevalence of vitamin D (VitD) deficiency than other age groups. The degree to which sunlight exposure 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations depends on a variety of factors, including diet. Nevertheless, the relationship between calcium and VitD intake and 25(OH)D concentrations has not been previously studied among adolescents living in different EU countries and consequently in different latitudes. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine whether calcium and VitD intakes are differentially associated with 25(OH)D in adolescents from northern, central and southern EU countries...
April 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335876/child-abuse-neural-structure-and-adolescent-psychopathology-a-longitudinal-study
#17
Daniel S Busso, Katie A McLaughlin, Stephanie Brueck, Matthew Peverill, Andrea L Gold, Margaret A Sheridan
OBJECTIVE: Child abuse exerts a deleterious impact on a broad array of mental health outcomes. However, the neurobiological mechanisms that mediate this association remain poorly characterized. Here, we use a longitudinal design to prospectively identify neural mediators of the association between child abuse and psychiatric disorders in a community sample of adolescents. METHOD: Structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data and assessments of mental health were acquired for 51 adolescents (aged 13-20; M=16...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335382/feasibility%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-assessing%C3%A2-diet%C3%A2-with%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-mobile%C3%A2-food%C3%A2-record%C3%A2-for%C3%A2-adolescents%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-young%C3%A2-adults%C3%A2-with%C3%A2-down%C3%A2-syndrome
#18
Katherine E Bathgate, Jill L Sherriff, Helen Leonard, Satvinder S Dhaliwal, Edward J Delp, Carol J Boushey, Deborah A Kerr
Technology-based methods for assessing diet in those with disability remains largely unexplored. The aim was to assess the feasibility of assessing diet with an image-based mobile food record application (mFR) in 51 adolescents and young adults with Down syndrome (PANDs). Adherence was also assessed with the instruction to include a fiducial marker object in the before and after eating images. The PANDs sample completed a four-day mFR and results were compared with a sample of young adults from the Connecting Health and Technology study (CHAT, n = 244)...
March 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334476/implementing-guidelines-for-preventing-identifying-and-treating-adolescent-overweight-and-obesity-school-nurses-perceptions-of-the-challenges-involved
#19
Sølvi Helseth, Kirsti Riiser, Bettina Holmberg Fagerlund, Nina Misvaer
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: We aimed to gain a better understanding of school nurses' perceptions of the challenges involved in implementing national guidelines on managing overweight and obesity in adolescents. BACKGROUND: National guidelines for the management of childhood overweight and obesity are developed in many countries to translate scientific knowledge into practice. However, several challenges are involved in their implementation. DESIGN AND METHODS: A qualitative design with focus group interviews was chosen for data collection...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333975/is-the-number-of-siblings-associated-with-dietary-patterns-in-adolescents-the-1993-birth-cohort-of-pelotas-brazil
#20
F O Meller, M C F Assunção, A A Schäfer, C Loret de Mola, D L Dahly, J S Vaz, F C Barros
Our study aimed to estimate the association between number of siblings and dietary patterns in adolescents. Prospective longitudinal study was developed using data from the birth cohort of the city of Pelotas, Brazil, which included 5249 participants. At the 18-year-old follow-up, from 4563 individuals located, 4106 were interviewed (follow-up rate 81.3%). Of these, 3751 were included in our principal component analysis of dietary patterns. Regular dietary intake of 45 food groups over the previous year was measured with a food frequency questionnaire...
2017: PloS One
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