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Adolescent Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909594/the-influence-of-adolescence-on-parents-perspectives-of-testing-and-discussing-inherited-cancer-predisposition
#1
Corinna L Schultz, Melissa A Alderfer, Robert B Lindell, Zachary McClain, Kristin Zelley, Kim E Nichols, Carol A Ford
Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) is a highly penetrant cancer predisposition syndrome that may present with a first cancer before or during adolescence/young adulthood. Families offered LFS genetic testing for their children can inform our understanding of how the unique developmental context of adolescence influences parental perspectives about genetic testing and discussions of cancer risk. In this study, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 46 parents of children at risk for LFS to capture those perspectives...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909544/weight-management-weight-perceptions-and-health-compromising-behaviours-among-adolescent-girls-in-the-compass-study
#2
Amanda Raffoul, Scott T Leatherdale, Sharon I Kirkpatrick
Evidence suggests associations between weight management intentions, weight perceptions, and health-compromising behaviours among adolescent girls. Drawing on cross-sectional data for 21,456 girls, we employed multinomial logistic regression to examine whether smoking, binge drinking, and breakfast-skipping were associated with weight management intentions and weight perceptions. According to self-reported heights and weights, 61.4% of girls were in the healthy weight category. However, most reported trying to manage their weight, with 58% trying to lose, 4...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909482/risky-sexual-behavior-the-indirect-effects-between-parent-child-relationship-quality-and-quality-of-life-in-emerging-adults
#3
Erica Szkody, Mary Moussa Rogers, Cliff McKinney
PURPOSE: Parent-child relationship quality is an important factor when examining adolescent's risk for problem behaviors. For this reason, many researchers have explored the impacts of parent-child relationship quality on adolescent and child behavior, yet the parent-child relationship has lasting consequences into adulthood. METHODS: The current study examined the mediating role of risky sexual behavior (as measured by the Youth Risk Behavior Survey) on the relationship between parent-child relationship quality (as measured by the Parental Environment Questionnaire) and quality of life (as measured by the World Health Organizations Quality of Life Questionnaire) beyond adolescence, during emerging adulthood...
June 16, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908024/sociodemographic-predictors-of-tobacco-smoking-among-expatriate-and-national-adolescents-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#4
Ayesha Siddiqua, Rania Dghaim, Caroline Barakat-Haddad
Background: Tobacco use among adolescents is an important public health concern as it causes various forms of smokingrelated health problems and can create a gateway for other substance abuse. Aim: This study examined the prevalence, profile and predictors of tobacco use among expatriate and national adolescents living in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Methods: Using a cross-sectional study design (2007-2009), we collected data on the prevalence of tobacco use in 6363 adolescents aged 13-20 years, including current smokers of cigarettes, midwakh, shisha and any other form of tobacco...
June 10, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907850/behavior-problems-in-adolescence-and-subsequent-mental-health-in-early-adulthood-results-from-the-world-trade-center-health-registry-cohort
#5
Lisa M Gargano, Sean Locke, Jiehui Li, Mark R Farfel
BACKGROUND: The present study examined the association between 9/11-related adolescent behavioral problems on mental health outcomes in early adulthood. METHODS: Data from enrollees of the World Trade Center Health Registry, who completed at least one adolescent (2006-2007 or 2011-2012) and adult survey (2011-2012 or 2015-2016), were analyzed. Adolescent behavioral difficulties were assessed using the adolescent-reported Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)...
June 15, 2018: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907813/early-life-and-pubertal-stress-differentially-modulate-grey-matter-development-in-human-adolescents
#6
Anna Tyborowska, Inge Volman, Hannah C M Niermann, J Loes Pouwels, Sanny Smeekens, Antonius H N Cillessen, Ivan Toni, Karin Roelofs
Animal and human studies have shown that both early-life traumatic events and ongoing stress episodes affect neurodevelopment, however, it remains unclear whether and how they modulate normative adolescent neuro-maturational trajectories. We characterized effects of early-life (age 0-5) and ongoing stressors (age 14-17) on longitudinal changes (age 14 to17) in grey matter volume (GMV) of healthy adolescents (n = 37). Timing and stressor type were related to differential GMV changes. More personal early-life stressful events were associated with larger developmental reductions in GMV over anterior prefrontal cortex, amygdala and other subcortical regions; whereas ongoing stress from the adolescents' social environment was related to smaller reductions over the orbitofrontal and anterior cingulate cortex...
June 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907703/objective-sleep-characteristics-and-cardiometabolic-health-in-young-adolescents
#7
Elizabeth M Cespedes Feliciano, Mirja Quante, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Susan Redline, Emily Oken, Elsie M Taveras
: media-1vid110.1542/5778442247001PEDS-VA_2017-4085 Video Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Shorter sleep duration is associated with childhood obesity. Few studies measure sleep quantity and quality objectively or examine cardiometabolic biomarkers other than obesity. METHODS: This cross-sectional study of 829 adolescents derived sleep duration, efficiency and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity from >5 days of wrist actigraphy recording for >10 hours/day. The main outcome was a metabolic risk score (mean of 5 sex-specific z-scores for waist circumference, systolic blood pressure, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol scaled inversely, and log-transformed triglycerides and homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance), for which higher scores indicate greater metabolic risk...
June 15, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907635/increasing-rate-of-pulmonary-embolism-diagnosed-in-hospitalized-children-in-the-united-states-from-2001-to-2014
#8
Shannon L Carpenter, Troy Richardson, Matt Hall
Although rare in children, pulmonary embolism (PE) can cause significant morbidity and mortality. Overall rates of venous thromboembolism (VTE) are increasing in hospitalized children. By using the Pediatric Health Information System database, we evaluated incidence, treatment, and outcome of PE in children younger than age 18 years from 2001 to 2014. Demographic characteristics for those admitted with VTE alone and those admitted with PE were compared. Rates of PE by year were compared with the number of hospital and VTE admissions...
June 26, 2018: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907519/testing-for-turkeys-faith-based-community-hiv-testing-initiative-an-update
#9
Mary DeGrezia, Dorcas Baker, Ingrid McDowell
Testing for Turkeys (TFT) HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV) and sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing initiative is a joint effort between Older Women Embracing Life (OWEL), Inc., a nonprofit faith-based community HIV support and advocacy organization; the Johns Hopkins University Regional Partner MidAtlantic AIDS Education and Training Center (MAAETC); and the University of Maryland, Baltimore JACQUES Initiative (JI), and is now in its 11th year of providing HIV outreach, testing, and linkage to care. Since 2008, the annual TFT daylong community HIV testing and linkage to care initiative has been held 2 weeks before Thanksgiving at a faith-based center in Baltimore, Maryland, in a zip code where one in 26 adults and adolescents ages 13 years and older are living with HIV (Maryland Department of Health, Center for HIV Surveillance, Epidemiology, and Evaluation, 2017)...
June 4, 2018: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907335/trial-protocol-the-use-of-mindfulness-based-intervention-for-improving-bracing-compliance-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Benjamin Hon Kei Yip, Xue Li, Christine Hiu Yan Leung, Ting Gao, Vincent Chi Ho Chung, Fiona Wai Ping Yu, Tsz Ping Lam, Jack Chun Yiu Cheng, Samuel Yeung Shan Wong
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most prevalent deforming orthopaedic condition; it causes significant disability when spinal curves progress beyond 45deg. Bracing is the primary treatment prescribed for adolescents with an immature skeleton who have spinal curves between 25 and 45deg. New evidence suggests that compliance with bracing significantly decreases the progression of high-risk curves to the threshold for surgery. Nonetheless, bracing is a stressful experience...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907076/developing-a-video-intervention-to-prevent-unplanned-pregnancies-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-older-adolescents
#11
Aaron Plant, Jorge A Montoya, Emerald G Snow, Karin Coyle, Cornelis Rietmeijer
Older adolescent African American and Latina females have disproportionately high rates of unintended pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). This article describes the development of a new video intervention for this population, modeled on Safe in the City (SITC), an evidence-based STI prevention video. Plan A was created from 2015 to 2016, using a systematic process similar to SITC. This included forming a project team with reproductive health experts, hiring a video production company and screenwriter, conducting a clinic staff survey (n = 8), and soliciting priority population input using three focus groups (n = 41) followed by a review panel (n = 9)...
June 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906402/collaborating-with-youth-in-school-health-promotion-initiatives-with-photovoice
#12
Saria Lofton, Martha Dewey Bergren
Photovoice, a community-based approach that is being embraced in school settings, can help to nurture collaborations with youth, particularly adolescents, and engage them in the development of social policy and health promotion projects. Photovoice is an approach that positions school nurses to inspire youth to take ownership of health promotion issues that directly affect them in the school and in their communities. Engaging youth in Photovoice not only allows advocates to directly work with youth but also promotes critical thinking and the exploration of topics that may not otherwise be considered...
June 1, 2018: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905861/evaluation-of-a-mobile-approach-to-gender-based-violence-service-delivery-among-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon
#13
Pamela Lilleston, Liliane Winograd, Spogmay Ahmed, Dounia Salamé, Dayana Al Alam, Kirsten Stoebenau, Ilaria Michelis, Sunita Palekar Joergensen
As the landscape of humanitarian response shifts from camp-based to urban- and informal-tented settlement-based responses, service providers and policymakers must consider creative modes for delivering health services. Psychosocial support and case management can be life-saving services for refugee women and girls who are at increased risk for physical, sexual and psychological gender-based violence (GBV). However, these services are often unavailable in non-camp refugee settings. We evaluated an innovative mobile service delivery model for GBV response and mitigation implemented by the International Rescue Committee (IRC) in Lebanon...
June 13, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904930/250prevalence-of-self-reported-gingival-bleeding-in-a-representative-sample-of-the-brazilian-adolescent-population
#14
Paulo Nadanovsky, Ana Paula Pires Dos Santos, Katia Vergetti Bloch
AIM: To estimate the prevalence of self-reported gingival bleeding in a representative sample of 12-17-year-old Brazilian adolescents MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sociodemographic and oral health information were obtained through a self-administered questionnaire of the Study of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Adolescents. The adolescents answered "yes" or "no" to the question "Do your gums bleed?" RESULTS: 74,589 of the 102,327 eligible adolescents answered the questionnaire and 18...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904231/parental-gender-expectations-by-socioeconomic-status-and-nativity-implications-for-contraceptive-use
#15
Goleen Samari, Kate Coleman-Minahan
Parental gender expectations, which may be egalitarian or not, may vary by nativity and socioeconomic status. Parental gender expectations provide a model for children's gender role attitudes and could also have effects on reproductive health over the life course, including women's contraceptive choices. Yet, parental gender expectations are not often studied quantitatively. Using the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we examine how parental gender expectations in the United States vary by immigrant generation and socioeconomic status, whether parental gender expectations in adolescence are associated with young women's contraceptive use, and if nativity moderates that relationship...
May 2018: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903846/dietary-patterns-over-time-and-microalbuminuria-in-youth-and-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-the-search-nutrition-ancillary-study
#16
Tina Costacou, Jamie Crandell, Anna R Kahkoska, Angela D Liese, Dana Dabelea, Jean M Lawrence, David J Pettitt, Kristi Reynolds, Elizabeth J Mayer-Davis, Amy K Mottl
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the association between diet quality and microalbuminuria in youth-onset type 1 diabetes using three indices: a modified Mediterranean diet score for children and adolescents (mKIDMED), the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), and the Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Youth and young adults from the SEARCH (Search for Diabetes in Youth) Nutrition Ancillary Study diagnosed with type 1 diabetes in 2002-2008, who had repeated dietary assessments at baseline and follow-up visits and urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) measured at the outcome visit (2012-2015) ( n = 461), were selected for study...
June 14, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903787/quality-of-health-literacy-instruments-used-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#17
Shuaijun Guo, Rebecca Armstrong, Elizabeth Waters, Thirunavukkarasu Sathish, Sheikh M Alif, Geoffrey R Browne, Xiaoming Yu
OBJECTIVE: Improving health literacy at an early age is crucial to personal health and development. Although health literacy in children and adolescents has gained momentum in the past decade, it remains an under-researched area, particularly health literacy measurement. This study aimed to examine the quality of health literacy instruments used in children and adolescents and to identify the best instrument for field use. DESIGN: Systematic review. SETTING: A wide range of settings including schools, clinics and communities...
June 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903701/impact-of-a-web-based-electronic-health-record-on-behavioral-health-service-delivery-for-children-and-adolescents-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Eric J Bruns, Alyssa N Hook, Elizabeth M Parker, Isabella Esposito, April Sather, Ryan M Parigoris, Aaron R Lyon, Kelly L Hyde
BACKGROUND: Electronic health records (EHRs) have been widely proposed as a mechanism for improving health care quality. However, rigorous research on the impact of EHR systems on behavioral health service delivery is scant, especially for children and adolescents. OBJECTIVE: The current study evaluated the usability of an EHR developed to support the implementation of the Wraparound care coordination model for children and youth with complex behavioral health needs, and impact of the EHR on service processes, fidelity, and proximal outcomes...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903288/-antimony-dietary-exposure-and-health-risk-assessment-to-children-and-adolescent-in-hunan-province-during-2014-2015
#19
Xiangwu Tan, Jinhui Ma, Fuyuan Xiao, Wei Peng, Yiman Tan, Huxin Huang, Shenglan Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the dietary exposure level and health risk of antimony of children and adolescent in Hunan Province. METHODS: The content of antimony of main food were determined. The dietary exposure of children and adolescent from Hunan was calculated according to the weight and intake from Survey Report on Nutrition and Health Status of Chinese Residents Part 10: Nutrition and Health Data in2002 and combing the data of average and the 95% percentile of antimony...
March 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903214/-status-of-blood-pressure-and-prevalence-of-hypertension-among-6-17-years-old-children-and-adolescents-in-2010-2012-in-china
#20
Dongmei Yu, Xiaoli Xu, Xiang Gao, Hongyun Fang, Lahong Ju, Haijun Guo, Qiya Guo, Wentao Yu, Fengmei Jia, Liyun Zhao, Wenhua Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To describe the mean of systolic blood pressure( SBP), diastolic blood pressure( DBP), and the prevalence of hypertension among 6-17 years old children and adolescents in China in 2010-2012. METHODS: Data was from the China Nutrition and Health Surveillance in 2010-2012. The total number was 35 657 which selected through the method of multi-stage stratified cluster randomization sampling and probability proportion to size( PPS). The study objects were 6-17 years old childrenand adolescents in 31 Provinces and 150 sites in China Mainland...
January 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
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