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Adolescent Health

William Pickett, Richard L Berg, Barbara Marlenga
PURPOSE: To determine whether patterns of adolescent risk behavior in rural populations, and especially farm populations, are associated with negative indicators of adolescent health and well-being, beyond an established association between risk-taking and injury. METHODS: The study base was Cycle 7 (2014) of the Canadian Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children study. Children aged 11-16 years (n = 2,565; 2,533 weighted) who reported living or working on farms were matched within schools in a 1:1 ratio with other rural children...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
Lorenzo Pelizza, Silvia Azzali, Sara Garlassi, Federica Paterlini, Ilaria Scazza, Luigi Rocco Chiri, Simona Pupo, Andrea Raballo
Studies in adolescents on ultra-high risk (UHR) and basic symptoms (BS) criteria for psychosis prediction are scarce. In Italy, early interventions in psychosis are less widespread than in other European countries. In the present study, we (1) assessed the clinical relevance of a UHR diagnosis [according to the comprehensive assessment of at-risk mental states (CAARMS) criteria] to promote the implementation of specific services for UHR adolescents into the Italian health care system; (2) described severity of positive, negative, general, and basic symptoms in UHR adolescents compared to adolescents with first-episode psychosis (FEP) and non-UHR adolescents (i...
October 20, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Tomoko Osera, Mitsuyo Awai, Misako Kobayashi, Setsuko Tsutie, Nobutaka Kurihara
Self-rated health (SRH), a subjective assessment of health status, is extensively used in the field of public health. It is an important and valid measure that is strongly related to morbidity, mortality, longevity and health status. Adolescence is a crucial period for the formation of health status, because health-risk behaviours (e.g., skipping breakfast) are often established during this period. In this study, we investigated the relationship of SRH with lifestyle and eating habits in Japanese high school students...
October 18, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
Yi-Chen Lee, Hao-Jan Yang, Wan-Ting Lee, Ming-Jen Teng
PURPOSE: This meta-analysis was conducted to assess differences in a child's health-related quality of life (HRQOL) as reported by the child and their parents using the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory(TM), and the effects in both children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and those with typical development. METHODS: Eight studies encompassing 16 independent groups met the inclusion criteria and were combined and compared in this meta-analysis...
October 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
Jonathan Corren, Abhishek Kavati, Benjamin Ortiz, Ashok Vegesna, Jennifer A Colby, Kimberly Ruiz, Reynold A Panettieri
OBJECTIVE: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have established the safety and efficacy of omalizumab on clinical parameters, and have also evaluated its impact on patient-reported outcomes (PROs). The purpose of this systematic literature review was to review published data based on PRO endpoints in order to determine the benefit of omalizumab as add-on therapy to inhaled corticosteroids in patients with moderate-to-severe persistent allergic asthma. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted of reference databases and recent conferences...
October 23, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Lotte Hendriks, Rianne A de Kleine, Mieke Heyvaert, Eni S Becker, Gert-Jan Hendriks, Agnes van Minnen
BACKGROUND: The current study evaluated the effectiveness and safety of intensive prolonged exposure (PE) targeting adolescent patients with complex posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and comorbid disorders following multiple interpersonal trauma. METHODS: Ten adolescents meeting full diagnostic criteria for PTSD were recruited from a specialized outpatient mental health clinic and offered a standardized intensive PE. The intensive PE consisted of three daily 90-min exposure sessions delivered on five consecutive weekdays, followed by 3 weekly 90-min booster sessions...
November 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Anelise Reis Gaya, Caroline Brand, Arieli Fernandes Dias, Adroaldo Cezar Araujo Gaya, Vanilson Batista Lemes, Jorge Mota
The purpose of this study was to determine the association between cardiometabolic risk with body mass index and skinfold independently or in combination in youth. This cross-sectional study comprised a convenience sample of 450 children and adolescents (255 girls), aged 10 to 18 years old. Indicators of body composition were measured, and hemodynamic assessment completed. The association between body mass index and/or sum of skinfolds and cardiometabolic risk (z score of the sum of triglycerides/high density lipoprotein cholesterol, waist circumference, and mean blood pressure), was calculated using Generalized Linear Models Regression...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
Alexandra Hershberger, Melissa A Cyders
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As prevalence rates of electronic cigarette (e-cig) use increase, researchers and clinicians should not only be paying careful attention to the direct health effects of e-cigs, but also the potential impact e-cigs may have on alcohol use behaviors. We review the current state of the literature and propose a conceptual model for the relationship between e-cig and alcohol use, including important consequences, mechanisms, and moderators of this relationship. RECENT FINDINGS: The model is based in emerging literature examining the direct relationship between e-cig and alcohol use, as well as indirect evidence concerning potential mechanisms from research on cigarette and alcohol use...
June 2017: Current Addiction Reports
Alazne Aizpitarte, Olivia E Atherton, Richard W Robins
Researchers have debated whether relational aggression is a developmentally-normative behavior or a sign of some underlying psychopathology. However, due to the dearth of longitudinal studies, we know little about how relational aggression and more severe forms of disruptive behavior co-develop. The present study examined bidirectional associations between relational aggression and two psychiatric disorders, Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) and Conduct Disorder (CD), using data from a longitudinal study of 674 Mexican-origin youth followed from age 10 to 16...
September 2017: Clinical Psychological Science
Germine El-Kassas, Fouad Ziade
Adolescents' obesity is an emerging public health problem globally and in the Arab countries. Alarming rates of overweight/obesity have been rising progressively in Lebanon. However, the risk factors for the development of adolescents' obesity have not yet been thoroughly explored in North Lebanon. To determine the dietary and lifestyle risk factors associated with generalized and central obesity among adolescents living in Tripoli, a cross-sectional survey was conducted including a representative sample of 311 students aged 11-16 years from both sexes chosen from public and private schools in Tripoli...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Siv Skotheim, Katina Handeland, Marian Kjellevold, Jannike Øyen, Livar Frøyland, Øyvind Lie, Ingvild Eide Graff, Valborg Baste, Kjell Morten Stormark, Lisbeth Dahl
There is a growing body of evidence linking fish consumption and n-3 LCPUFAs to mental health. Still, the results from randomized trials with n-3 LCPUFAs show conflicting results, and it is possible that the combined effect of several nutrients in fish may explain the observed associations. To aim of the present study was to investigate if school meals with fatty fish three times per week for 12 weeks could alter mental health in a sample of typically developing adolescents. In the Fish Intervention Studies-TEENS (FINS-TEENS), adolescents from eight secondary schools (n=425) in Norway, were randomized to receive school meals with fatty fish, meat or n-3 LCPUFA supplements...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
Megan E Roberts, Nichea S Spillane, Suzanne M Colby, Kristina M Jackson
Substance use contributes to health disparities across race/ethnicity, gender, and socioeconomic status (SES). Although adolescent research indicates group-based differences in regular use, few studies have examined patterns when initiation is just beginning. Using a sample of 917 Rhode Island middle schools students (54% female, 26% non-Hispanic White), we collected demographic information at baseline (M age 12.2); we then examined ever-puff (cigarettes), ever-sip (alcohol), and ever-use (marijuana) behaviors three years later...
2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Giuseppina Valle Holway, Kathryn Harker Tillman
Using the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, this research examines the association between timing of oral sex initiation and marital and cohabiting relationship satisfaction among young adults. Findings indicate that women who transition to oral sex "late" or who have no oral sex experience report higher levels of relationship satisfaction in their current coresidential unions than do women who transition at a "normative" age. Higher levels of relationship satisfaction among women who transition "late," however, appear to be explained by their lower likelihood of experiencing forced sexual relations and sexually transmitted infections...
August 2017: Journal of Family Issues
Fred C Pampel, Damien Bricard, Myriam Khlat, Stéphane Legleye
Widening of educational disparities and a narrowing female advantage in mortality stem in good part from disparities in smoking. The changes in smoking and mortality disparities across cohorts and countries have been explained by an epidemic model of cigarette use but are also related to life course changes. To better describe and understand changing disparities over the life course, we compare age patterns of smoking in three cohorts and two nations (France and the United States) using smoking history measures from the 2010 French Health Barometer (N = 20,940) and the 2010 U...
June 2017: Population Research and Policy Review
Man Ki Kwok, Yu Kang Tu, Ichiro Kawachi, C Mary Schooling
BACKGROUND: The declining or fluctuating trend in blood pressure (BP) despite the rising trend in body mass index (BMI) during childhood and adolescence is unexplained. We decomposed trends in BP and BMI to identify the relevance of early-life and contemporaneous factors. METHODS: We assessed the relative contribution of age, period and cohort to secular trends in BP in children and adolescents (9-18 years) from 1999 to 2014 and BMI (6-18 years) from 1996 to 2014 in Hong Kong, China...
October 22, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Lauren S Chernick, Melissa S Stockwell, Mengfei Wu, Paula M Castaño, Rebecca Schnall, Carolyn L Westhoff, John Santelli, Peter S Dayan
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of a text messaging intervention to increase contraception among adolescent emergency department patients. METHODS: A pilot randomized controlled trial of sexually active females aged 14-19 receiving 3 months of theory-based, unidirectional educational and motivational texts providing reproductive health information versus standardized discharge instructions. Blinded assessors measured contraception initiation via telephone follow-up and health record review at 3 months...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Nicole Fran Kahn, Carolyn Tucker Halpern
PURPOSE: Few studies have sought to understand the typical sexual development of populations with physical disabilities in the United States, and those that do are often based on convenience samples or cross-sectional data. The purpose of this paper is to examine relationships between physical disability and experiences of vaginal, oral, and anal sex in a nationally representative sample of individuals in the United States who have been followed from adolescence through early adulthood...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Michael R Dolsen, Allison G Harvey
PURPOSE: A shift toward an evening circadian preference and the onset of mood problems often occur during adolescence. Although these changes are linked to poorer outcomes, few studies have considered how positive and negative affect are related to the circadian rhythm during adolescence. This study examined the relationship between evening and morning affect ratings and dim light melatonin onset (DLMO), a measure of endogenous circadian rhythm. Age and sex were tested as moderators. METHODS: This study is based on a subset of 163 (94 female, age = 14...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Dylan B Jackson
Bullying perpetration and victimization have been linked to a number of high-risk health behaviors, including involvement in sedentary activities and sleep deprivation. Even so, the link between diet quality and bullying is generally overlooked. The present study examines the associations between diet quality, bully perpetration, and bully victimization in a cross-national sample of adolescents. Data come from the Health Behaviors of School Children (HBSC) survey, 2005/2006 (N=142,828-143,425). Youths from 41 countries/regions in North America and Europe reported features of their social context, various health behaviors, and their involvement in bullying...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine
Filipa de Castro, Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutierrez, Ariela Braverman-Bronstein, John Santelli, Jean Marie Place, Marcela Eternod-Arámburu, Mauricio Hernández-Avila
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate adolescent access to contraceptive information and quality of care in a sample of primary care clinics and pharmacies in Mexico and their association with health facility and adolescent characteristics. METHODS: We selected a random sample of pharmacies (n = 434) and public-sector, primary care clinics (n = 327) in Mexico City to be visited by young women posing as "mystery clients" looking for contraception or emergency contraception...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
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