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Adolescent Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475107/effect-of-socio-economic-status-family-smoking-and-mental-health-through-social-network-on-the-substance-use-potential-in-adolescents-a-mediation-analysis
#1
H Sajjadi, Z Jorjoran Shushtari, S Mahboubi, H Rafiey, Y Salimi
OBJECTIVES: Understanding pathways that influence substance use potential (SUP) can help with effective substance use prevention interventions among adolescents. The aim of the present study is to contribute to a better understanding of the SUP of adolescents by examining the mediating role of social network quality in the SUP of Iranian adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: Structural equation modeling was conducted to assess the hypothesized model that social network quality would mediate the association of family socio-economic status, a mental health disorder, and family smoking with addiction potential...
February 20, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475105/the-prevalence-of-posttraumatic-stress-in-adolescents-eight-years-after-the-wenchuan-earthquake
#2
Bingli Du, Xiaozhi Ma, Xiancai Ou, Ye Jin, Pengwei Ren, Jing Li
In 2008, an 8.0 Richter scale earthquake devastated Wenchuan in China, which resulted in heavy casualties, and had wide-reaching psychological effects on survivors. To examine its impact on the survivors, this study aims to investigate the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) in adolescents eight years after the earthquake. The cross-section survey was conducted in two different earthquake-affected areas, and data were collected from 4118 respondents. Instruments included the questionnaire on demographic information, the questionnaire on seismic exposure, PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C) questionnaire, Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI), Perceived Social Support Scale (PSSS) and Simple Coping Style Questionnaire (SCSQ)...
February 5, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474440/long-term-effects-of-conservative-treatment-of-milwaukee-brace-on-body-image-and-mental-health-of-patients-with-idiopathic-scoliosis
#3
Ewa Misterska, Jakub Głowacki, Maciej Głowacki, Adam Okręt
We aimed to provide a complex assessment of adult females with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) after a minimum of 23 years after completed Milwaukee brace treatment. In the present study, a comparison between healthy female and AIS patients' perception of trunk disfigurement, self-image, mental health, pain level and everyday activity was made. Thirty AIS patients with a mean of 27.77 yrs (SD 3.30) after the treatment were included in the study. The control group consisted of 42 females, matching the age profile of the patient group...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474403/cross-sectional-associations-between-psychological-traits-and-hpv-vaccine-uptake-and-intentions-in-young-adults-from-the-united-states
#4
Aaron M Scherer, Heather Schacht Reisinger, Marin L Schweizer, Natoshia M Askelson, Angela Fagerlin, Charles F Lynch
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most prevalent sexually transmitted infection worldwide and can lead to the development of genital warts, and cancers throughout the body. Despite the availability of HPV vaccines for over a decade, uptake in the United States among adolescents and young adults remains well below national targets. While most efforts to improve HPV vaccine uptake have rightly focused on adolescents, there is still a tremendous opportunity to improve vaccination among young adults who have not been vaccinated against HPV...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473771/illicit-drug-use-and-traumatic-dental-injuries-in-adolescents
#5
Mareeshty Damarasingh, Wagner Marcenes, Stephen A Stansfeld, Eduardo Bernabé
OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between illicit drug use and traumatic dental injuries (TDI) among adolescents. METHOD: We used data from 618 adolescents who participated in Phases I and III of Research with East Adolescents Community Health Survey (RELACHS), a longitudinal school-based study of adolescents in East London. Illicit drug use was collected when participants were 11-12 and 15-16 years old (Phases I and III, respectively). Clinical examinations for TDI were conducted in Phase III only...
February 23, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473475/clinical-profiles-among-greek-adolescent-suicide-attempters
#6
Tatiana Tairi, Petar Milojev, Nikos Zilikis
BACKGROUND: Suicide attempts are a significant public health problem among youth, resulting in a major social and economic burden for communities and a devastating impact on families. AIMS: To determine whether we can identify distinct clinical profiles using latent class analysis in a clinical sample of Greek adolescents who were admitted to hospital following a suicide attempt. METHOD: Data on 11 clinical parameters from 182 adolescents were analyzed, with a two-class solution selected as the best fitting among the one- through three-class solutions that were examined...
February 23, 2018: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473383/prevalence-of-phimosis-and-foreskin-sliding-abnormalities-in-male-adolescents-and-their-correlation-with-later-onset-of-first-sexual-intercourse
#7
Giuseppe La Pera, Francesco De Luca, Attilio Guerani, Alessandro Palmieri, Giorgio Franco
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to evaluate the prevalence of andrological abnormalities, such as phimosis and foreskin sliding abnormalities among male adolescents, and if these might interfere with sexuality, leading to a later onset of sexual experiences. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between April and May 2015 a prevention campaign in andrology was conducted in an area surrounding Rome, Ostia and the Ladispoli area, among 15-19 year-old students...
December 31, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472954/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-the-friends-for-life-program-on-children-s-anxiety-and-depression
#8
Fatemeh Moharreri, Aazam-Sadat Heydari Yazdi
Objective: Anxiety disorders and depression during childhood and adolescence are among highly prevalent serious mental health problems, which lead to reduced performance in children and can also negatively affect children's emotional and social long-term development. This study, which was conducted in Mashhad in 2015, aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of the Friends for Life cognitive-behavioral program in reducing the symptoms of anxiety and depression in children. Method: In this controlled clinical trial, 248 male students aged 10 were screened for mild to moderate symptoms of anxiety and depression using the Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety (RCMA) and the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI)...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472872/pharmacoresistant-severe-mental-health-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-functional-abnormalities-of-cytochrome-p450-2d6
#9
Susanne Thümmler, Emmanuelle Dor, Renaud David, Graziella Leali, Michele Battista, Alexia David, Florence Askenazy, Céline Verstuyft
Background: Severe mental health disorders in children and adolescents represent a major public health problem. Despite adequate drug treatment, some patients develop pharmacoresistant disease. As a consequence, physicians are confronted with prescribing challenges, prolonged hospitalization and increased risk of adverse events, thus aggravating short-, medium-, and long-term prognosis. The majority of psychotropic treatments, particularly antipsychotics and antidepressants, are metabolized at hepatic level by cytochrome P450 (CYP), particularly by CYP3A4 and CYP2D6...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472746/being-an-adolescent-the-consequences-of-gendered-risks-for-young-people-in-rural-uganda
#10
Sarah Bernays, Dominic Bukenya, Claire Thompson, Fatuma Ssembajja, Janet Seeley
The behaviour of adolescents is recognised increasingly as having substantial and long-term consequences for their health. We examined the meaning of 'adolescence' in southern Uganda with HIV-positive young people aged 11-24 years. Adolescent girls and boys are described differently in the local language (Luganda). Adolescence is described as a behavioural rather than a life course category and an inherently dangerous one. The practices, risks and consequences of 'adolescent' behaviour are highly gendered...
February 2018: Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472444/adolescent-tobacco-coupon-receipt-vulnerability-characteristics-and-subsequent-tobacco-use-analysis-of-path-study-waves-1-and-2
#11
Shyanika W Rose, Allison M Glasser, Yitong Zhou, Tess Boley Cruz, Amy M Cohn, Brianna A Lienemann, M Justin Byron, Li-Ling Huang, Helen I Meissner, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Jennifer B Unger
OBJECTIVES: We examine adolescent receipt of tobacco coupons and subsequent tobacco use. METHODS: Data were from the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study (2013-2015). We identified correlates of coupon receipt at Wave 1 (youth sample age 12-17 ; n = 13 651) including demographics, additional vulnerability factors that may place youth at risk of tobacco use and correlates of coupon receipt by channel. We examined associations of Wave 1 coupon receipt with Wave 2 tobacco use using weighted multivariable models...
February 22, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472128/educating-and-training-the-future-adolescent-health-workforce
#12
REVIEW
Patricia K Kokotailo, Valentina Baltag, Susan M Sawyer
Unprecedented attention is now focused on adolescents with growing appreciation of their disease burden and of the opportunities of investing in adolescent health. New investments are required to build the technical capacity for policy, programming, research, and clinical care across the world, especially in resource-poor settings where most adolescents live. Strategies to educate and train the future workforce are needed. Competency-based education and training is the standard of education in preservice (undergraduate and postgraduate) health education and medical specialty training...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471849/implementing-alcohol-misuse-sbirt-in-a-national-cohort-of-pediatric-trauma-centers-a-type-iii-hybrid-effectiveness-implementation-trial
#13
Michael J Mello, Sara J Becker, Julie Bromberg, Janette Baird, Mark R Zonfrillo, Anthony Spirito
BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons mandates universal screening for alcohol misuse and delivery of an intervention for those screening positive as a requirement for certification as a level 1 trauma center. Though this requirement has been mandated for over a decade, its implementation has been challenging. Our research team completed an implementation study supporting seven pediatric trauma centers' compliance with the requirement by developing and implementing an institutional alcohol Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) policy for adolescent trauma patients...
February 22, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471835/dietary-quality-linkage-to-overall-competence-at-school-and-emotional-disturbance-in-representative-taiwanese-young-adolescents-dependence-on-gender-parental-characteristics-and-personal-behaviors
#14
Lin-Yuan Huang, Mark L Wahlqvist, Meei-Shyuan Lee, Po-Huang Chiang
BACKGROUND: Child school performance during puberty may be at increased risk through emotional disturbance. It is hypothesized that this may be mitigated by dietary quality. METHODS: In a nationally representative sample (Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan, NAHSIT), 1371 Taiwanese aged 11-16 years, overall competence at school, (OCS) and emotional status have been assessed by teachers with the SAED (Scale for Assessing Emotional Disturbance). Parents provided family socio-demographics and students completed a behavioral and dietary questionnaire (Youth Healthy Eating Index - Taiwan, YHEI-TW)...
February 22, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471817/health-care-quality-measures-for-children-and-adolescents-in-foster-care-feasibility-testing-in-electronic-records
#15
Katherine J Deans, Peter C Minneci, Kristine M Nacion, Karen Leonhart, Jennifer N Cooper, Sarah Hudson Scholle, Kelly J Kelleher
BACKGROUND: Preventive quality measures for the foster care population are largely untested. The objective of the study is to identify healthcare quality measures for young children and adolescents in foster care and to test whether the data required to calculate these measures can be feasibly extracted and interpreted within an electronic health records or within the Statewide Automated Child Welfare Information System. METHODS: The AAP Recommendations for Preventive Pediatric Health Care served as the guideline for determining quality measures...
February 22, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471452/protecting-the-community-through-child-vaccination
#16
Evan J Anderson, Michael A Daugherty, Larry K Pickering, Walter A Orenstein, Ram Yogev
The direct impact of vaccines upon children is well described, but the major public health impact of indirect protection provided to the community by vaccines is under-appreciated. Community protection occurs when vaccinated people block the chain of transmission, protecting undervaccinated or unvaccinated susceptible community members by preventing exposure and limiting the spread of the pathogen through the community. Substantial declines in disease incidence have occurred shortly after implementing new childhood vaccines, including declines among vaccine-ineligible children, adolescents, and adults...
February 17, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471326/urinary-cytomegalovirus-shedding-in-the-united-states-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys-1999-2004
#17
Minal M Amin, Stephanie R Bialek, Sheila C Dollard, Chengbin Wang
Background: There are no data on the prevalence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) shedding from a representative sample of the US population. This information is critical for understanding and preventing CMV. Methods: We tested urine specimens from CMV IgG-positive participants aged 6-49 years in three racial/ethnic groups from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) 1999-2004 for the presence of CMV DNA with real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay...
February 17, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470789/evaluation-of-psychometric-and-linguistic-properties-of-the-italian-adolescent-pain-assessment-scales-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Flavio Marti, Antonella Paladini, Giustino Varrassi, Roberto Latina
INTRODUCTION: Adolescents' pain experiences are complex and multidimensional, and evaluating pain only from a sensory and affective point of view may be in many instances limiting and inadequate; this is the reason why it is of paramount importance to identify the tools which can better assess the pain experienced by young patients. A person-oriented approach is highly encouraged, as it may better investigate the cognitive and behavioral development typical of this age group. The aim of this review paper is to describe the available tools which are able to adequately assess pain intensity in adolescents, in particular those validated in Italian...
February 22, 2018: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470591/-differences-in-subjective-health-mental-health-and-health-behavior-among-11-to-17-year-olds-at-secondary-schools-in-germany-results-of-the-german-health-interview-and-examination-survey-for-children-and-adolescents-first-follow-up-kiggs-wave-1
#19
Julia Waldhauer, Benjamin Kuntz, Thomas Lampert
BACKGROUND: Social inequalities in health can already be found among children and adolescents to the disadvantage of socially deprived population groups. This paper aims to detect, whether differences in subjective health, mental health and health behavior among young people are due to the secondary school type attended and whether these associations exist independently of the family's socioeconomic position (SEP). METHODS: The data basis was the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS Wave 1, 2009-2012)...
February 22, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470512/association-between-hiv-status-and-depressive-symptoms-among-children-and-adolescents-in-the-southern-highlands-zone-tanzania-a-case-control-study
#20
Abraham Lwidiko, Stephen Matthew Kibusi, Azan Nyundo, Bonaventura C T Mpondo
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents continue to have HIV/AIDS in southern Saharan Africa. Scaling up of HIV services has significantly improved access to ARV and consequently improved on morbidity and mortality related to HIV/AIDS including opportunistic infection. Despite the above efforts, non-communicable conditions including mental disorders such as depression have been observed to contribute to the burden of disabilities about which little is documented. This study, therefore, aimed to determine the magnitude of depressive symptoms and the associated factors among HIV-infected children and adolescents...
2018: PloS One
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