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Adolescent Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668148/-adolescence-and-sexuality-a-risky-business-how-best-to-inform-parents
#1
Michal Yaron, Cindy Soroken, Françoise Narring, Céline Brockmann, Arnaud Merglen
Parents are often reluctant to discuss sexuality and romantic relationships with their teenagers. However, these discussions can have a strong impact on their children's health. Care providers can act as a reliable source of information to support parents in this task. Through repeated short interactions with their child over their adolescence, parents can cover most topics related to sexuality, based on teenagers' questions and the situations that they face (e.g. LGBT bullying at school). This article summarizes current best practice on how to facilitate parental dialogue with adolescents about sexuality and offer care providers guidance in transmitting this information to parents...
April 18, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668143/-care-for-unaccompanied-minor-migrant-adolescents-at-the-youth-health-consultation-support-psychotherapy-and-resilience
#2
Cédric Devillé, Nelle Lambert
The Unité Santé Jeunes of the Geneva University Hospitals offers multidisciplinary care to young people between the ages of 12 years and 25 years, including unaccompanied minor migrant adolescents. The psychiatrist and child psychiatrist of the unit participate actively. These young people are primarily teenagers, but it is clear from our experience that their care has some specificities and require an adaptation of the framework. The aim of this article is to open the reflection on socio-legal-educational support and the care to offer them to help them feeling secure and a different psychotherapeutic space...
April 18, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668020/adolescent-sexual-health-and-education-where-does-the-pediatrician-s-responsibility-fall
#3
Rachel S Dawson
Adolescence is a stressful time with a considerable amount of change, not only physically, with all the changes expected throughout puberty, but also emotionally, spiritually, and psychosocially. Teens are learning how to build and sustain relationships, learning boundaries in all areas of their lives, experimenting, as well as setting values that will sustain them throughout their lives. Home, school, various social settings, and places of worship all contribute to where adolescents learn what their values are, what they want their values to be, and how they start to make choices about their personal beliefs, which may not always align with their family values...
April 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667718/trajectories-of-psychopathology-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-survivors-from-early-adolescence-to-adulthood-a-20-year-longitudinal-study
#4
Ryan J Van Lieshout, Mark A Ferro, Louis A Schmidt, Michael H Boyle, Saroj Saigal, Katherine M Morrison, Karen J Mathewson
BACKGROUND: Individuals born extremely preterm are exposed to significant perinatal stresses that are associated with an increased risk of psychopathology. However, a paucity of longitudinal studies has prevented the empirical examination of long-term, dynamic effects of perinatal adversity on mental health. Here, internalizing and externalizing problems from adolescence through adulthood were compared in individuals born at extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1,000 g) and normal birth weight (NBW; >2,500 g)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667700/irritability-and-parenting-styles-in-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-controlled-study
#5
Halit Necmi Uçar, Ayşe Pınar Vural
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects functioning of the family, decreasing interactions and loyalty and increasing conflict between adolescents with ADHD and their families. Irritable mood and difficulties with emotional dysregulation are common in children with ADHD. The objective of the current study was to assess levels of irritability in adolescents with ADHD using self- and parent-report scales, and investigate the relationship between irritability levels and parental attitudes. A total of 47 adolescents with ADHD and 39 adolescents with typical development participated in the current study...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667699/lean-perspectives-a-case-for-implementing-parent-child-relational-problem-screening
#6
Bryson C Okeoma
The purpose of the current study was to make a case for instituting parent-child relational problem (PCRP) screening as a standard of care in pediatric inpatient psychiatric units due to increasing evidence that PCRP may be an underreported problem that affects more adolescents than currently realized. Adolescents who are admitted to the hospital for mood exacerbation, suicidal ideation, self-harm behavior, or behavioral escalation may improve and be discharged. However, these adolescents often are readmitted, which may be associated with parent-child relational factors...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666660/assessment-of-knowledge-regarding-climate-change-and-health-among-adolescents-in-yogyakarta-indonesia
#7
Sulistyawati Sulistyawati, Surahma Asti Mulasari, Tri Wahyuni Sukesi
This research was aimed at providing evidence on climate change and health knowledge among adolescents. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Yogyakarta city from June to September 2016. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data among 508 adolescents who were in the second grade of a senior high school. This study revealed that participants had a low and inconsistent understanding regarding climate change and its impact on health. They reported that they prefer to get climate change information via talking with family...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665698/caregiver-adolescent-disagreement-on-the-mental-health-of-youth-in-foster-care-the-moderating-role-of-the-caregiver-relationship
#8
Lenore M McWey, Ming Cui, Ashley N Cooper, Thomas Ledermann
It is not uncommon for caregivers and adolescents to provide different perspectives of adolescents' mental health symptoms; however, few studies have examined these discrepancies, especially between foster parents and adolescents in the child welfare system. The goal of this study was to investigate the levels of disagreement on adolescent mental health symptoms among caregivers and adolescents in foster care, to examine factors associated with caregiver-adolescent discrepancies, and the potential moderating role of caregiver-child closeness on the link between the length of time the youth lived with caregivers and discrepancies regarding adolescent mental health symptoms...
January 1, 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665518/early-intervention-for-adolescents-at-risk-for-bipolar-disorder-a-pilot-randomized-trial-of-interpersonal-and-social-rhythm-therapy-ipsrt
#9
Tina R Goldstein, John Merranko, Megan Krantz, Matthew Garcia, Peter Franzen, Jessica Levenson, David Axelson, Boris Birmaher, Ellen Frank
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a pilot randomized trial of Interpersonal and Social Rhythm Therapy plus Data-Informed Referral (IPSRT + DIR) versus DIR-alone for adolescents at-risk for bipolar disorder (BP). METHOD: Eligible participants included youth (12-18) with a BP parent; youth with BP were excluded. Participants (n = 42) were randomized to receive IPSRT + DIR to treat any psychiatric disorders present at baseline, or DIR-alone. A blind evaluator assessed outcomes at baseline, 3- and 6-months...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665492/sex-and-orientation-identity-matter-in-the-substance-use-behaviors-of-sexual-minority-adolescents-in-the-united-states
#10
Theodore L Caputi
BACKGROUND: Health sciences researchers are beginning to understand the differing experiences and health risks among sexual minority subgroups (i.e., those who describe themselves as homosexual/gay/lesbian, bisexual, or unsure/questioning). Such research can promote the allocation of resources to high-risk groups and the development of interventions tailored to their needs. The present study extends this line of research to substance use among adolescents. METHODS: The lifetime and/or past 30-day alcohol, tobacco, cigarette, e-cigarette, marijuana, prescription drug, and illicit drug use of sexual minority and heterosexual adolescents was analyzed using data from the 2015 National Youth Risk Behavior Survey...
March 7, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665430/awareness-of-cervical-cancer-and-willingness-to-be-vaccinated-against-human-papillomavirus-in-mozambican-adolescent-girls
#11
Azucena Bardají, Carolina Mindu, Orvalho J Augusto, Aina Casellas, Olga Cambaco, Egas Simbine, Graça Matsinhe, Eusébio Macete, Clara Menéndez, Esperança Sevene, Khátia Munguambe
Sub-Saharan Africa concentrates the largest burden of cervical cancer worldwide. The introduction of the HPV vaccination in this region is urgent and strategic to meet global health targets. This was a cross-sectional study conducted in Mozambique prior to the first round of the HPV vaccine demonstration programme. It targeted girls aged 10-19 years old identified from schools and households. Face-to-face structured interviews were conducted. A total of 1,147 adolescents were enrolled in three selected districts of the country...
April 14, 2018: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664812/health-related-quality-of-life-and-body-image-disturbance-of-adolescents-with-severe-untreated-idiopathic-early-onset-scoliosis-in-a-developing-country
#12
Hany Abdel Gawwad Soliman
STUDY DESIGN: A cross sectional study OBJECTIVE.: This study aimed to investigate the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and body image disturbance of adolescents with untreated severe idiopathic early-onset scoliosis (IEOS) in a developing country. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: IEOS has the potential to progress rapidly and may lead to significant disability if left untreated. Moreover, it can lead to significant body image changes that may lead to social and psychological stresses on developing adolescents...
April 16, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664696/evaluation-of-a-mobile-phone-app-for-providing-adolescents-with-sexual-and-reproductive-health-information-new-york-city-2013-2016
#13
Allyna Steinberg, Marybec Griffin-Tomas, Desiree Abu-Odeh, Alzen Whitten
The New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene released the Teens in NYC mobile phone application (app) in 2013 as part of a program to promote sexual and reproductive health among adolescents aged 12-19 in NYC. The app featured a locator that allowed users to search for health service providers by sexual health services, contraceptive methods, and geographic locations. We analyzed data on searches from the Where to Go section of the app to understand the patterns of use of the app's search functionality...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664587/maternal-smoking-during-pregnancy-and-early-childhood-and-development-of-asthma-and-rhinoconjunctivitis-a-medall-project
#14
Jesse D Thacher, Ulrike Gehring, Olena Gruzieva, Marie Standl, Göran Pershagen, Carl-Peter Bauer, Dietrich Berdel, Theresa Keller, Sibylle Koletzko, Gerard H Koppelman, Inger Kull, Susanne Lau, Irina Lehmann, Dieter Maier, Tamara Schikowski, Ulrich Wahn, Alet H Wijga, Joachim Heinrich, Jean Bousquet, Josep M Anto, Andrea von Berg, Erik Melén, Henriette A Smit, Thomas Keil, Anna Bergström
BACKGROUND: The role of tobacco smoke exposure in the development and persistence of asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis through childhood into adolescence is unclear. OBJECTIVES: We assessed the associations of parental smoking from fetal life through adolescence with asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis during childhood and adolescence. METHODS: We analyzed data for 10,860 participants of five European birth cohort studies from the Mechanisms of the Development of Allergy (MeDALL) consortium...
April 12, 2018: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664517/-radar-a-program-for-the-prevention-of-suicide-in-adolescents-in-the-region-of-aysen-chile-preliminary-results
#15
Francisco Bustamante, Cinthya Urquidi, Ramón Florenzano, Carolina Barrueto, Jaime de Los Hoyos, Karla Ampuero, Laura Terán, María Inés Figueroa, Magdalena Farías, María Livia Rueda, Eduardo Giacaman
OBJECTIVE: We present the preliminary results of the implementation of RADAR: a community suicide prevention program in adolescents implemented in two high schools in a south region of Chile. METHOD: In a pilot study, during 2016, we implemented RADAR in two high schools of Puerto Aysen, in in the Region of Aysen of Chile. A total of 409 actors were trained (among students, school teachers, caregivers and health professionals) for the screening and referral of high suicide risk adolescents...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664505/pain-in-children-and-adolescents-hospitalized-in-a-center-of-reference
#16
C Zunino, M Notejane, M Bernadá, L Rodríguez, N Vanoli, M Rojas, L Benech, I Mimbacas
INTRODUCTION: The evaluation and treatment of pain in hospitalized is still an important health pro blem. OBJECTIVE: To know the prevalence, characteristics and approaches to pain management in children and adolescents hospitalized in the Pediatric Hospital of the Pereira Rossell Center (HP-CH- PR), a pediatric reference center in Uruguay. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Cross-sectional study, through survey and review of clinical records on 09/13/16...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664504/contribution-of-the-use-of-basic-telemedicine-tools-to-the-care-of-children-and-adolescents-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-at-the-puerto-montt-hospital-chile
#17
A S Strickler, J Palma, R Charris, T Candia, M Grez, B González, A King, V Rivera
Children and adolescents with rheumatologic diseases require specialized and comprehensive care, but pediatric rheumatologists and immunologists are concentrated in hospitals with specific, high-cost and modern technology. Considering that some patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) live in rural, remote and limited accessibility areas, the use of Telemedicine (TM) can optimize diag nosis, follow-up and prognosis. OBJECTIVE: Reporting 10 years of experience of a mixed care model: face-to-face and distance, using basic TM; the institutional impact, advantages, disadvantages and acceptance informed by parents and patients...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664211/a-comparison-of-approaches-for-simultaneous-inference-of-fixed-effects-for-multiple-outcomes-using-linear-mixed-models
#18
Signe M Jensen, Christian Ritz
Longitudinal studies with multiple outcomes often pose challenges for the statistical analysis. A joint model including all outcomes has the advantage of incorporating the simultaneous behavior but is often difficult to fit due to computational challenges. We consider 2 alternative approaches to quantify and assess the loss in efficiency as compared with joint modelling when evaluating fixed effects. The first approach is pairwise fitting of pseudolikelihood functions for pairs of outcomes. The second approach recovers correlations between parameter estimates across multiple marginal linear mixed models...
April 17, 2018: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664176/motor-performance-in-early-life-and-participation-in-leisure-time-physical-activity-up-to-age-68-years
#19
Ahmed Elhakeem, Rebecca Hardy, David Bann, Diana Kuh, Rachel Cooper
BACKGROUND: This study examined associations between motor performance in early life and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) participation across adulthood, and whether these changed with age. METHODS: Data were from 2526 participants from the Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development. Motor indicators were mother-reported ages at first standing and walking, teacher-rated games ability at age 13, and finger- and foot-tapping speed at age 15...
April 17, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663953/cost-effectiveness-of-contact-screening-strategies-for-tuberculosis-among-high-school-adolescents-in-south-korea
#20
H Sohn, H-Y Kim, S H Lee
BACKGROUND: Effective latent tuberculous infection (LTBI) control among adolescents is a critical component of tuberculosis (TB) elimination in Korea. OBJECTIVE: To compare the cost-effectiveness of the following contact screening strategies for LTBI among high-school adolescents after TB outbreaks: QuantiFERON®-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT), the tuberculin skin test (TST), or TST/QFT-GIT (two-step strategy). METHOD: The costs of post-TB outbreak screening strategies were calculated using a mixed (top-down and bottom-up) cost analysis method and expressed in 2015 US dollars...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
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