keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pregnancy, maternal, fetal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239318/maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-in-pregnant-japanese-women-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-our-experience-with-a-series-of-23-cases
#1
Naoki Minami, Minoru Matsuura, Yorimitsu Koshikawa, Satoshi Yamada, Yusuke Honzawa, Shuji Yamamoto, Hiroshi Nakase
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Our physicians work to expand the possibilities to treat female patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) who wish to become pregnant. Although many drugs, including 5-aminosalicylate (5-ASA), corticosteroids, immunomodulators, and biologics, are used safely during pregnancy, few reports have described the therapeutic regimen throughout pregnancy and the management of patients who relapse during pregnancy precisely. The aim of this study was to assess the management of patients with IBD during pregnancy...
January 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238509/preconception-counseling-predicting-risk-and-outcomes-in-women-with-mwho-3-and-4-heart-disease
#2
Matthew Cauldwell, Sarah Ghonim, Anselm Uebing, Lorna Swan, Philip J Steer, Michael Gatzoulis, Mark R Johnson
OBJECTIVE: All women with CHD, especially those with more severe disease, should be offered preconception counseling (PCC), to discuss the risk of complications and to plan a future pregnancy. Several scoring system have been devised to estimate the risk of adverse events in pregnancies complicated by maternal heart disease (HD) and while comparisons have been made across the whole population, none have focused on the high-risk population. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study that included women classed as modified WHO (mWHO) 3 and 4 who had a pregnancy from at least 20weeks gestation between 1994 and 2015 managed within our institution...
February 4, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238383/placental-findings-in-feto-maternal-hemorrhage-in-livebirth-and-stillbirth
#3
Sanjita Ravishankar, Alison Migliori, Judy Struminsky, Phinnara Has, C James Sung, Mai He
Feto-maternal hemorrhage (FMH) is not an uncommon event during pregnancy with important clinical implications for both maternal and fetal outcomes. The diagnosis is often made using Kleihauer-Betke (KB) test. As FMH occurs transplacentally, examination of the placenta may contribute to the diagnosis of FMH. This retrospective case-control study aims to examine the placental features associated FMH in patients with known positive KB test results. When compared with KB negative placentas (n=88), KB positive placentas (n=49) had significantly higher incidence of pallor (6/49 vs 0/88, p=0...
February 6, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237885/assessment-of-tobacco-alcohol-and-cannabinoid-metabolites-in-645-meconium-samples-of-newborns-compared-to-maternal-self-reports
#4
Sandrine Lamy, Benjamin Hennart, Estelle Houivet, Sylvain Dulaurent, Heloise Delavenne, Jacques Benichou, Delphine Allorge, Stéphane Marret, Florence Thibaut
Prenatal psychoactive substance exposure has significant impact on neonatal health and child development and the development of reliable biomarkers is critical. Meconium presents several advantages for detecting prenatal exposure to psychoactive substances, as it is easy to collect and provides a broad time frame of exposure (third trimester). The aim of our study was to compare the prevalence of alcohol, tobacco and/or cannabis use during the third trimester of pregnancy (using maternal self-reports) with the results of meconium testing of their metabolites in newborns (cotinine, ethyl-glucuronide (EtG) and cannabinoid metabolites)...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237726/transfer-of-maternal-psychosocial-stress-to-the-fetus
#5
REVIEW
Florian Rakers, Sven Rupprecht, Michelle Dreiling, Christoph Bergmeier, Otto W Witte, Matthias Schwab
Psychosocial maternal stress experienced during different vulnerable periods throughout gestation is thought to increase the individual's risk to develop neuropsychiatric, cardiovascular and metabolic disease in later life. Cortisol has generally been identified as the major mediator of maternal stress transfer to the fetus. Its lipophilic nature allows a trans-placental passage and thus excessive maternal cortisol could persistently impair the development of the fetal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPAA)...
February 22, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237611/abnormal-pregnancy-outcome-associated-with-high-dose-maternal-tranylcypromine-therapy-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Debra Kennedy, William S Webster, Majella Hill, Helen E Ritchie
BACKGROUND: Tranylcypromine is a non-selective inhibitor of monamine oxidase which also inhibits the reuptake of norepinephrine. Spontaneous hypertensive reactions to the drug have been reported. In sheep tranylcypromine has been shown to cause a dose-dependent reduction in uterine blood flow. A similar effect in a pregnant woman might induce constriction of the uterine arteries and temporary fetal hypoxia. CASES: MotherSafe is a state-based Teratogen Information service and currently provides counselling to around 22,000 consumers and healthcare professionals annually regarding exposures during pregnancy and breastfeeding We report on the outcome of 2 pregnancies in a patient treated with high dose tranylcypromine as well as pimozide, diazepam and alprazolam...
February 22, 2017: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237326/metabolic-profiling-of-stages-of-healthy-pregnancy-in-hu-sheep-using-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-nmr
#7
Lingwei Sun, Yixuan Guo, Yixuan Fan, Haitao Nie, Ruocheng Wang, Feng Wang
Nutrition is one of the most important factors affecting the reproductive performance of animals. Changes in the ovine maternal metabolism during pregnancy are critical to fetal development. To understand the differences in ovine metabolic changes that occur during normal pregnancy, pregnant ewes carrying twin fetuses (n = 8) were selected at 35 days of gestation (dG). All ewes received 100% of National Research Council (NRC) requirements of all nutrients and energy during this experiment. At 50, 70, 90, and 110 dG, maternal plasma samples were collected and designated as one of four corresponding time points (T1, T2, T3, and T4, respectively)...
April 1, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236651/intravenous-fluid-rate-for-reduction-of-cesarean-delivery-rate-in-nulliparous-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Robert M Ehsanipoor, Gabriele Saccone, Neil S Seligman, Rebecca Pierce-Williams, Andrea Ciardulli, Vincenzo Berghella
The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, and Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine have emphasized the need to promote vaginal delivery and have offered recommendations to safely prevent primary cesarean delivery. However, there has been limited discussion regarding management of intravenous fluids and other aspects of labor management that may influence labor. Therefore the aim of our study was to determine if an intravenous fluid rate of 250 vs 125 mL/hour is associated with a difference in cesarean delivery rate MATERIAL AND METHODS: Searches were performed in Medline, OVID, Scopus, ClinicalTrials...
February 25, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235828/independent-maternal-and-fetal-genetic-effects-on-mid-gestational-circulating-levels-of-environmental-pollutants
#9
Michela Traglia, Lisa A Croen, Kristen Lyall, Gayle C Windham, Marty Kharrazi, Gerald N DeLorenze, Anthony R Torres, Lauren A Weiss
Maternal exposure to environmental pollutants could affect fetal brain development and increase autism spectrum disorder (ASD) risk in conjunction with differential genetic susceptibility. Organohalogen congeners measured in maternal mid-pregnancy blood samples have recently shown significant, but negative associations with offspring ASD outcome. We report the first large scale maternal and fetal genetic study of the mid-pregnancy serum levels of a set of 21 organohalogens in a subset of 790 genotyped women and 764 children collected in California by the Early Markers for Autism (EMA) Project...
February 24, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231686/evaluation-of-the-amoxicillin-concentrations-in-amniotic-fluid-placenta-umbilical-cord-blood-and-maternal-serum-two-hours-after-intravenous-administration
#10
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to evaluate amoxicillin concentrations in amniotic fluid, placenta, umbilical cord blood and maternal blood two hours after intravenous administration to assess obstetric and non-obstetric factors that could have influences on the penetration of the antibiotic into the examined tissues and to analyze the sensitivity to amoxicillin of the most common pathogens isolated from the genital tract. METHODS: A total of 35 full-term pregnant women who qualified for elective Caesarean delivery were included in the study...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231607/position-in-the-second-stage-of-labour-for-women-with-epidural-anaesthesia
#11
REVIEW
Marion Kibuka, Jim G Thornton
BACKGROUND: Epidural analgesia for pain relief in labour prolongs the second stage of labour and results in more instrumental deliveries. It has been suggested that a more upright position of the mother during all or part of the second stage may counteract these adverse effects. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2013. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different birthing positions (upright and recumbent) during the second stage of labour, on important maternal and fetal outcomes for women with epidural analgesia...
February 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231597/predictors-of-cesarean-delivery-in-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Carmem Luiza Lucht Gascho, Danieli Mayumi Kimura Leandro, Thiago Ribeiro E Silva, Jean Carl Silva
Purpose The aim of this study was to evaluate which risk factors may lead patients with gestational diabetes mellitus to cesarean delivery. Methods This was a retrospective, descriptive study. The subjects of the study were pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus attending a public maternity hospital in the south of Brazil. The primary outcomes assessed were based on maternal and fetal characteristics. The data were correlated using an odds ratio (OR) with a 95% confidence interval (95%CI), calculated using multinomial logistic regression...
February 23, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231292/a-systematic-review-of-maternal-smoking-during-pregnancy-and-fetal-measurements-with-meta-analysis
#13
Miriam Abraham, Salem Alramadhan, Carmen Iniguez, Liesbeth Duijts, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Herman T Den Dekker, Sarah Crozier, Keith M Godfrey, Peter Hindmarsh, Torstein Vik, Geir W Jacobsen, Wojciech Hanke, Wojciech Sobala, Graham Devereux, Steve Turner
BACKGROUND: Maternal smoking during pregnancy is linked to reduced birth weight but the gestation at onset of this relationship is not certain. We present a systematic review of the literature describing associations between maternal smoking during pregnancy and ultrasound measurements of fetal size, together with an accompanying meta-analysis. METHODS: Studies were selected from electronic databases (OVID, EMBASE and Google Scholar) that examined associations between maternal smoking or smoke exposure and antenatal fetal ultrasound measurements...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231064/three-dimensional-ultrasound-for-prenatal-assessment-of-conjoined-twins-additional-advantages
#14
Tuangsit Wataganara, Pornpimol Ruangvutilert, Prasert Sunsaneevithayakul, Kusol Russameecharoen, Katika Nawapun, Nisarat Phithakwatchara
Conjoined twins are a rare, but serious, complication of monozygotic twins. Early prenatal diagnosis of conjoined twins is increasingly made with transvaginal ultrasound and color Doppler studies. Most prenatally diagnosed conjoined twins are terminated due to the high perinatal mortality, but advancement in pediatric surgery has allowed for successful postnatal separation in a small number of cases, and some parents may consider this option over termination of pregnancy. It is important to get a detailed prenatal ultrasound for the site and extent of fusion for an accurate categorization...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230720/role-of-vitamin-a-retinoic-acid-in-regulation-of-embryonic-and-adult-hematopoiesis
#15
REVIEW
Ana Cañete, Elena Cano, Ramón Muñoz-Chápuli, Rita Carmona
Vitamin A is an essential micronutrient throughout life. Its physiologically active metabolite retinoic acid (RA), acting through nuclear retinoic acid receptors (RARs), is a potent regulator of patterning during embryonic development, as well as being necessary for adult tissue homeostasis. Vitamin A deficiency during pregnancy increases risk of maternal night blindness and anemia and may be a cause of congenital malformations. Childhood Vitamin A deficiency can cause xerophthalmia, lower resistance to infection and increased risk of mortality...
February 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230268/potential-climate-change-health-risks-from-increases-in-heat-waves-abnormal-birth-outcomes-and-adverse-maternal-health-conditions
#16
Gulcan Cil, Trudy Ann Cameron
We investigate the risks presented by heat waves for adverse health conditions for babies and expectant mothers when these mothers have been exposed to heat waves during gestation or during the period just prior to conception. Rather than just birth weight and gestational age, we focus on less common metrics such as abnormal conditions in the newborn (fetal distress, reliance on a ventilator, and meconium aspiration) and adverse health conditions in the mother (pregnancy-related hypertension, uterine bleeding during pregnancy, eclampsia, and incompetent cervix)...
February 23, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229160/pregnancy-outcome-of-first-trimester-exposure-to-the-vitamin-k-antagonist-phenprocoumon-depends-on-duration-of-treatment
#17
Eleanor Hüttel, Stephanie Padberg, Reinhard Meister, Evelin Beck, Christof Schaefer
The aim of this observational cohort study was to specify the risk of the vitamin K antagonist (VKA) phenprocoumon during first trimester of pregnancy, in particular to estimate the risk of birth defects and spontaneous fetal loss. Four hundred eight pregnancies with phenprocoumon exposure were compared to 1,642 pregnancies neither exposed to VKA nor to other major teratogens or fetotoxicants. There was no typical warfarin embryopathy in our exposed cohort. However, the overall rate of major birth defects was significantly increased (7...
February 23, 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228318/endocrine-and-cardiometabolic-cord-blood-characteristics-of-offspring-born-to-mothers-with-and-without-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#18
Nadine M P Daan, Maria P H Koster, Regine P Steegers-Theunissen, Marinus J C Eijkemans, B C J M Fauser
OBJECTIVE: To compare the endocrine and cardiometabolic cord blood characteristics of offspring of mothers with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) with those of healthy controls. DESIGN: Cross-sectional case control study. SETTING: University medical centers. PATIENT(S): Offspring from mothers with PCOS (n = 61) and healthy controls (n = 82). INTERVENTION(S): Cord blood withdrawal from neonates. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Cord blood estradiol, androstenedione, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), testosterone, sex hormone-binding globulin, free androgen index (FAI), insulin, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, c-reactive protein, adiponectin, and leptin...
January 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227866/modelling-nutrient-transfer-based-on-3d-imaging-of-the-human-placental-microstructure
#19
S Perazzolo, R M Lewis, B G Sengers, S Perazzolo, R M Lewis, B G Sengers, B G Sengers, R M Lewis, S Perazzolo
Impaired transfer of nutrients from mother to fetus can affect pregnancy outcomes. The placenta has a complex microstructure, including the maternal intervillous space and fetal capillaries. Previous computational models of placental transfer either assumed a simplified idealized local geometry or were based on 2D imaging. In this study, we present a novel 3D computational model to assess the placental transfer of nutrients at the microscale in interaction with the maternal flow environment. A stack of confocal microscopy images of the placental terminal villi was collected and reconstructed...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225422/clinical-updates-in-women-s-health-care-summary-structural-heart-disease-primary-and-preventive-care-review
#20
Tiberio Frisoli, Michele Doughty Voeltz
Reproductive-aged women with structural heart disease who become pregnant as well as postreproductive-aged women with this condition represent a significant proportion of patients seen by obstetrician- gynecologists. Usually, their conditions are complex, and a basic knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the heart is required. Additionally, understanding the effect of pregnancy on women with structural heart disease is critically important to optimizing maternal and fetal outcomes. This monograph addresses the pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, screening and diagnosis, basic management, and suggested counseling for an obstetric-gynecologic patient with structural heart disease...
March 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
keyword
keyword
37677
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"