keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Diabetic cerebrovascular disease

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100157/characterization-of-planned-and-unplanned-30-day-readmissions-following-vascular-surgical-procedures
#1
Georges Tahhan, Alik Farber, Nishant K Shah, Brianna M Krafcik, Teviah E Sachs, Jeffrey A Kalish, Matthew R Peacock, Jeffrey J Siracuse
OBJECTIVE: Thirty-day readmission is increasingly used as a quality of care indicator. Patients undergoing vascular surgery have historically been at high risk for readmission. We analyzed hospital readmission details to identify patients at high risk for readmission in order to better understand these readmissions and improve resource utilization in this patient population. METHODS: A retrospective review and analysis of our medical center's admission and discharge data were conducted from October 2012 to March 2015...
January 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099550/factors-associated-with-the-contraindicated-use-of-oral-contraceptives-in-brazil
#2
Daniele Aparecida Silva Corrêa, Mariana Santos Felisbino-Mendes, Mayara Santos Mendes, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of the contraindicated use of oral contraceptives and the associated factors in Brazilian women. METHODS: 20,454 women who answered the VIGITEL survey in 2008 also participated in this study, of which 3,985 reported using oral contraceptives. We defined the following conditions for the contraindicated use of contraceptives: hypertension; cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack, stroke/cerebrovascular accident; diabetes mellitus; being smoker and 35 years old or older...
January 12, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099179/traditional-sternotomy-versus-minimally-invasive-aortic-valve-replacement-in-patients-stratified-by-ejection-fraction
#3
Tom C Nguyen, Vinod H Thourani, Justin Q Pham, Yelin Zhao, Matthew D Terwelp, Prakash Balan, Daniel Ocazionez, Catalin Loghin, Richard W Smalling, Anthony L Estrera, Joseph Lamelas
OBJECTIVE: Low ejection fraction (EF < 40%) portends adverse outcomes in patients undergoing valvular heart surgery. The role of traditional median sternotomy aortic valve replacement (SAVR) compared with minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (MIAVR) in this cohort remains incompletely understood. METHODS: A multi-institutional retrospective review of 1503 patients who underwent SAVR (n = 815) and MIAVR via right anterior thoracotomy (n = 688) from 2011 to 2014 was performed...
January 17, 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098098/a-study-of-clinical-assessment-of-frailty-in-patients-on-maintenance-hemodialysis-supported-by-cashless-government-scheme
#4
Manjusha Yadla, Jyothi Priyadarshini John, Mahesh Mummadi
This is a prospective cohort study to assess the prevalence of frailty in patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (HD) under the government-funded scheme at our center and to assess the relationship between frailty and falls, hospitalizations, and mortality. This was done at our center which is completely supported by the government, which provides HD to all the patients under poverty line. Epidemiological data, anthropometric measurements, comorbidities assessment, frailty assessment using Fried criteria, subsequent hospitalizations, falls, and mortality were recorded in our prevalent dialysis population at our center between October 2014 and October 2015...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095482/an-increase-in-mean-platelet-volume-platelet-count-ratio-is-associated-with-vascular-access-failure-in-hemodialysis-patients
#5
Dong Ho Shin, So Yon Rhee, Hee Jung Jeon, Ji-Young Park, Shin-Wook Kang, Jieun Oh
After stenosis of arteriovenous vascular access in hemodialysis patients, platelets play a crucial role in subsequent thrombus formation, leading to access failure. In a previous study, the mean platelet volume (MPV)/platelet count ratio, but not MPV alone, was shown to be an independent predictor of 4-year mortality after myocardial infarction. However, little is known about the potential influence of MPV/platelet count ratio on vascular access patency in hemodialysis patients. A total of 143 patients undergoing routine hemodialysis were recruited between January 2013 and February 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092457/insulin-sensitivity-and-inflammation-mediate-the-impact-of-fitness-on-cerebrovascular-health-in-adolescents
#6
Po Lai Yau, Naima Ross, Andrew Tirsi, Arslan Arif, Zeynep Ozinci, Antonio Convit
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To investigate in adolescents the relationships between retinal vessel diameter, physical fitness, insulin sensitivity, and systemic inflammation. METHODS: We evaluated 157 adolescents, 112 with excessive weight and 45 lean, all without type 2 diabetes mellitus. All received detailed evaluations, including measurements of retinal vessel diameter, insulin sensitivity, levels of inflammation, and physical fitness. RESULTS: Overweight/obese adolescents had significantly narrower retinal arteriolar and wider venular diameters, significantly lower insulin sensitivity, and physical fitness...
January 16, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089999/impact-of-impaired-renal-function-in-patients-with-severely-calcified-coronary-lesions-treated-with-orbital-atherectomy
#7
Michael S Lee, Evan Shlofmitz, Gentian Lluri, Richard A Shlofmitz
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the clinical outcomes of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) who underwent orbital atherectomy for severe coronary artery calcification (CAC) prior to stent implantation. BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of lesions with severe CAC is associated with increased rates of adverse clinical events. Patients with CKD are at increased risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, including vascular calcification, and have worse outcomes after PCI...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089808/stress-induced-hyperglycemia-after-spontaneous-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-and-its-role-in-predicting-cerebrospinal-fluid-diversion
#8
Bappaditya Ray, Ayumi Ludwig, Lori K Yearout, David M Thompson, Bradley N Bohnstedt
BACKGROUND: Stress induced hyperglycemia (SIH) after acute cerebrovascular disease is common and is associated with adverse clinical outcomes. Incidence of SIH after spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and its role in shunt placement has not been systematically investigated. Present study is designed to investigate the incidence of SIH after spontaneous SAH and its determinants. Role of SIH and premorbid hyperglycemia (using glycated hemoglobin, HbA1c) in predicting external ventricular drainage (EVD) and ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) placement is also investigated...
January 12, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088175/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-among-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-results-from-the-chinese-cohort-study-of-chronic-kidney-disease-c-stride
#9
Jun Yuan, Xin-Rong Zou, Si-Ping Han, Hong Cheng, Lan Wang, Jin-Wei Wang, Lu-Xia Zhang, Ming-Hui Zhao, Xiao-Qin Wang
BACKGROUND: Although a high incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is observed among chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients in developed countries, limited information is available about CVD prevalence and risk factors in the Chinese CKD population. The Chinese Cohort of Chronic Kidney Disease (C-STRIDE) was established to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of CVD among Chinese CKD patients. METHODS: Participants with stage 1-4 CKD (18-74 years of age) were recruited at 39 clinical centers located in 28 cities from 22 provinces of China...
January 14, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071980/metabolic-syndrome-hypertension-and-nervous-system-injury-epidemiological-correlates
#10
Giovanna Ricci, Isabel Pirillo, Daniele Tomassoni, Ascanio Sirignano, Iolanda Grappasonni
: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a common and complex disorder combining hypertension, obesity, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance. MetS represents a risk factor for changes in cognitive functions in older age, and several studies have suggested that MetS may be linked to dementia. This article reviews the main evidences about the relationship between MetS and neurodegenerative disease. Starting from an epidemiological point of view, the article analyzes medico-social aspects related to MetS, considering the reduction of work capacity and the condition of disability that it involves...
January 10, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062721/vascular-risk-factors-in-inph-a-prospective-case-control-study-the-inph-crash-study
#11
Hanna Israelsson, Bo Carlberg, Carsten Wikkelsö, Katarina Laurell, Babar Kahlon, Göran Leijon, Anders Eklund, Jan Malm
OBJECTIVE: To assess the complete vascular risk factor (VRF) profile of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) using a large sample of representative patients with INPH and population-based controls to determine the extent to which vascular disease influences INPH pathophysiology. METHODS: All patients with INPH who underwent shunting in Sweden in 2008-2010 were compared to age- and sex-matched population-based controls. Inclusion criteria were age 60-85 years and no dementia...
January 6, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060138/diabetes-complications-and-depressive-symptoms-prospective-results-from-the-montreal-diabetes-health-and-well-being-study
#12
Sonya S Deschênes, Rachel J Burns, Frans Pouwer, Norbert Schmitz
OBJECTIVE: Prospective studies testing the potential impact of diabetes complications on depression are limited. The present study examined the longitudinal associations between diabetes complications and the risk and recurrence/persistence of depressive symptoms. METHODS: Data were from a prospective community cohort telephone survey of adults with diabetes (N= 1,314). Diabetes complications and depressive symptoms were assessed via self-report (Diabetes Complications Index and Patient Health Questionnaire-9, respectively) at baseline and annually for 5 years...
January 5, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056878/usefulness-of-measurement-of-heart-rate-variability-by-holter-ecg-in-hemodialysis-patients
#13
Nanami Kida, Yoshiharu Tsubakihara, Hirota Kida, Shunro Ageta, Makoto Arai, Yoshinosuke Hamada, Nariaki Matsuura
BACKGROUND: Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular event (MACCE) is one of most common complications of hemodialysis patients. Heart rate variability (HRV) is the predictor of death in heart disease patients. However, there are no studies on the role of HRV in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: From September 2009 to March 2011, 24-h electrocardiography was performed in 101 hemodialysis patients. Standard deviation of sequential 5-minute N-N interval means (SDANN) and standard deviation of the N-N interval (SDNN) was examined by a 24-h ECG analysis...
January 5, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056529/anterior-tragal-crease-is-associated-with-atherosclerosis
#14
Pawinee Rerknimitr, Korbkarn Pongpairoj, Chanat Kumtornrat, Ratchathorn Panchaprateep, Cameron P Hurst, Aurauma Chutinet, Pravit Asawanonda, Nijasri C Suwanwela
The utility of the ear crease sign, anterior tragal crease (ATC), as a marker of atherosclerosis is yet to be established. The intima-media thickness of the common carotid artery (IMT-CCA) has been used as a noninvasive surrogate marker for atherosclerosis. History of traditional risk factors for atherosclerosis was obtained from 147 volunteers; ear examination was also performed and venous blood was drawn for laboratory analysis. The volunteers then underwent an ultrasonography measurement of the IMT-CCA. In univariate analysis, presence of ATC, age, underlying hypertension, diabetes mellitus, ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, cigarette smoking, low-density lipoprotein, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein were significantly associated with the IMT-CCA...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056470/-anti-diabetic-medication-during-the-first-four-years-of-treatment-a-study-based-on-claims-data
#15
Veronika Lappe, Ingrid Köster, Ingrid Schubert
: Background Ever since the UKPDS study reassessed the usefulness of the substance metformin in 1998, it has been the first-line medication in anti-diabetic treatment. In addition, new classes and agents released on the market have given rise to new treatment options. The present study investigates prescription practice at the onset of treatment and in the years thereafter and measures it against German diabetes guidelines. Database and Methods Database: Statutory health insurance sample AOK/KV Hesse; Ages: 40 and over (N = 142514)...
January 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056068/the-association-between-polypharmacy-and-dementia-a-nested-case-control-study-based-on-a-12-year-longitudinal-cohort-database-in-south-korea
#16
Hae-Young Park, Ji-Won Park, Hong Ji Song, Hyun Soon Sohn, Jin-Won Kwon
Dementia is a major concern among growing chronic diseases in the aging society and its association with polypharmacy has not been adequately assessed. The objective of this study was to determine the association between polypharmacy and dementia through multiple statistical approaches. We conducted a nested case-control study for newly diagnosed dementia cases using the South Korean National Health Insurance Service sample cohort database (2002-2013, n = 1,025,340). Interactions between polypharmacy (an average use of ≥5 prescription drugs daily) and comorbidities or potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) were tested...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054280/successful-bypass-operation-for-esophageal-obstruction-after-acute-esophageal-necrosis-a-case-report
#17
Yayoi Sakatoku, Masahide Fukaya, Kazushi Miyata, Masato Nagino
BACKGROUND: Acute esophageal necrosis (AEN) is a rare clinical disorder. Esophageal stenosis or obstruction is one of severe complications, but there are a few reports about surgical treatments. In such a situation, it still remains controversial which to choose, esophagectomy or bypass operation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 61-year-old woman was admitted to the local hospital for septic shock with diabetic ketoacidosis due to necrotizing fasciitis of the right thigh. Three days later, she had hematemesis, and gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed black mucosal coloration throughout the entire esophagus...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052632/impact-of-hepatitis-c-virus-therapy-on-metabolism-and-public-health
#18
REVIEW
Mitchell L Shiffman, Nadege T Gunn
Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) is associated with insulin resistance (IR) and leads to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and hepatic steatosis in many patients. These metabolic complications of HCV have been shown to accelerate the progression of fibrosis to cirrhosis and increase the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma. The metabolic syndrome is a common disorder that also includes IR, T2DM and hepatic steatosis. Approximately 20%-30% of patients with chronic HCV also have co-existent metabolic syndrome. The cause of steatosis in patients with the features of both the metabolic syndrome and chronic HCV is sometime difficult to determine...
January 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045630/outcomes-of-vestibular-schwannoma-surgery-among-the-elderly
#19
Michael J Sylvester, Darshan N Shastri, Viral M Patel, Milap D Raikundalia, Jean Anderson Eloy, Soly Baredes, Yu-Lan Mary Ying
Objective To compare comorbidities and in-hospital complications between elderly and nonelderly patients undergoing vestibular schwannoma (VS) surgery. To examine average length of stay (LOS) and hospital charges among elderly patients. Study Design Population-based inpatient registry analysis. Setting Academic medical center. Subjects and Methods Retrospective analysis of the National Inpatient Sample for patients undergoing VS surgery from 2002 to 2010: 4137 patients met inclusion criteria, with 519 (12.5%) in the elderly cohort (≥65 years)...
January 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042404/in-hospital-and-one-year-clinical-outcome-of-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-oman-oman-pci-registry
#20
Prashanth Panduranga, Majdah Al-Rashidi, Fatma Al-Hajri
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the in-hospital and one-year clinical outcome of patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in a tertiary hospital in Oman. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, single-center, observational study looking at patients > 18 years old who underwent a PCI from 1 January to 31 December 2013. The primary end point was the occurrence of a major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE), defined as death, any myocardial infarction (MI), cerebrovascular accident (CVA), and target vessel revascularization (TVR) with either repeat PCI or coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG)...
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
keyword
keyword
37676
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"