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Sense of Agency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907115/determinants-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-attitudes-an-interview-of-wisconsin-parents
#1
Kathrine L Barnes, Jeffrey J VanWormer, Shannon Stokley, Elizabeth R Vickers, Huong Q McLean, Edward A Belongia, Casper G Bendixsen
BACKGROUND: Parental attitudes play a key role in their decisions to vaccinate adolescents against the human papillomavirus (HPV). Little is known, however, about the formative experiences that shape parents' attitudes about the HPV vaccine. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 25 parents of 11-17 year old adolescents in Wisconsin who changed their HPV vaccine attitudes (per prior surveys) over one year. A modified grounded theory approach was then used to generate primary themes of attitudinal determinants...
June 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902239/does-bibliometric-research-confer-legitimacy-to-research-assessment-practice-a-sociological-study-of-reputational-control-1972-2016
#2
Arlette Jappe, David Pithan, Thomas Heinze
The use of bibliometric measures in the evaluation of research has increased considerably based on expertise from the growing research field of evaluative citation analysis (ECA). However, mounting criticism of such metrics suggests that the professionalization of bibliometric expertise remains contested. This paper investigates why impact metrics, such as the journal impact factor and the h-index, proliferate even though their legitimacy as a means of professional research assessment is questioned. Our analysis is informed by two relevant sociological theories: Andrew Abbott's theory of professions and Richard Whitley's theory of scientific work...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895594/images-as-catalysts-for-meaning-making-in-medical-pain-encounters-a-multidisciplinary-analysis
#3
Deborah Padfield, Helen Omand, Elena Semino, Amanda C de C Williams, Joanna M Zakrzewska
The challenge for those treating or witnessing pain is to find a way of crossing the chasm of meaning between them and the person living with pain. This paper proposes that images can strengthen agency in the person with pain, particularly but not only in the clinical setting, and can create a shared space within which to negotiate meaning. It draws on multidisciplinary analyses of unique material resulting from two fine art/medical collaborations in London, UK, in which the invisible experience of pain was made visible in the form of co-created photographic images, which were then made available to other patients as a resource to use in specialist consultations...
June 12, 2018: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892405/body-ownership-and-agency-altered-by-an-electromyographically-controlled-robotic-arm
#4
Yuki Sato, Toshihiro Kawase, Kouji Takano, Charles Spence, Kenji Kansaku
Understanding how we consciously experience our bodies is a fundamental issue in cognitive neuroscience. Two fundamental components of this are the sense of body ownership (the experience of the body as one's own) and the sense of agency (the feeling of control over one's bodily actions). These constructs have been used to investigate the incorporation of prostheses. To date, however, no evidence has been provided showing whether representations of ownership and agency in amputees are altered when operating a robotic prosthesis...
May 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888938/hypnotic-clever-hands-agency-and-automatic-responding
#5
Vince Polito, Amanda J Barnier, Michael H Connors
The Clever Hands task (Wegner, Fuller, & Sparrow, 2003) is a behavioral illusion in which participants make responses to a trivia quiz for which they have no sense of agency. Sixty high hypnotizable participants completed two versions of the Clever Hands task. Quiz One was a replication of the original study. Quiz Two was a hypnotic adaptation using three suggestions that were based on clinical disruptions to the sense of agency. The suggestions were for: random responding, thought insertion, and alien control...
June 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876763/distorted-own-body-representations-in-patients-with-dizziness-and-during-caloric-vestibular-stimulation
#6
Christophe Lopez, Estelle Nakul, Nora Preuss, Maya Elzière, Fred W Mast
There is increasing evidence that vestibular disorders evoke deficits reaching far beyond imbalance, oscillopsia and spatial cognition. Yet, how vestibular disorders affect own-body representations, in particular the perceived body shape and size, has been overlooked. Here, we explored vestibular contributions to own-body representations using two approaches. Study 1 measured the occurrence and severity of distorted own-body representations in 60 patients with dizziness and 60 healthy controls using six items from the Cambridge Depersonalization Scale...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868890/current-concepts-in-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-functional-neurological-disorders
#7
Alberto J Espay, Selma Aybek, Alan Carson, Mark J Edwards, Laura H Goldstein, Mark Hallett, Kathrin LaFaver, W Curt LaFrance, Anthony E Lang, Tim Nicholson, Glenn Nielsen, Markus Reuber, Valerie Voon, Jon Stone, Francesca Morgante
Importance: Functional neurological disorders (FND) are common sources of disability in medicine. Patients have often been misdiagnosed, correctly diagnosed after lengthy delays, and/or subjected to poorly delivered diagnoses that prevent diagnostic understanding and lead to inappropriate treatments, iatrogenic harm, unnecessary and costly evaluations, and poor outcomes. Observations: Functional Neurological Symptom Disorder/Conversion Disorder was adopted by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, replacing the term psychogenic with functional and removing the criterion of psychological stress as a prerequisite for FND...
June 4, 2018: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805190/gay-straight-alliance-involvement-and-youths-participation-in-civic-engagement-advocacy-and-awareness-raising
#8
V Paul Poteat, Jerel P Calzo, Hirokazu Yoshikawa
Civic engagement among lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or questioning (LGBTQ) youth and heterosexual cisgender allies can challenge oppressive systems. Among 295 youth in 33 Gay-Straight Alliances (GSAs; 69% LGBQ, 68% cisgender female, 68% white, Mage = 16.07), we examined whether greater GSA involvement was associated with greater general civic engagement, as well as participation in greater LGBTQ-specific advocacy and awareness-raising efforts. Further, we tested whether these associations were partly mediated through members' sense of agency...
May 2018: Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788814/advancing-a-model-of-secondary-trauma-consequences-for-victim-service-providers
#9
Colter Ellis, Kelly E Knight
A burgeoning body of scholarship is attempting to understand, normalize, and ameliorate the emotional strain of victim service provision. The literature, however, has yet to fully theorize the hazardous process of empathetic engagement with victims. As a result, concepts, mechanisms, and outcomes are often conflated, making it difficult to understand the etiological path of this occupational risk. The goal of this article is to attend to this gap by accomplishing three objectives. The first is to engage with the perspective of symbolic interaction to theoretically ground a conceptual model of secondary trauma...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772888/mapping-malaria-risk-using-geographic-information-systems-and-remote-sensing-the-case-of-bahir-dar-city-ethiopia
#10
Amare Sewnet Minale, Kalkidan Alemu
The main objective of this study was to develop a malaria risk map for Bahir Dar City, Amhara, which is situated south of Lake Tana on the Ethiopian plateau. Rainfall, temperature, altitude, slope and land use/land cover (LULC), as well as proximity measures to lake, river and health facilities, were investigated using remote sensing and geographical information systems. The LULC variable was derived from a 2012 SPOT satellite image by supervised classification, while 30-m spatial resolution measurements of altitude and slope came from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission...
May 7, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767295/violation-of-expectations-about-movement-and-goal-achievement-leads-to-sense-of-agency-reduction
#11
Riccardo Villa, Emmanuele Tidoni, Giuseppina Porciello, Salvatore Maria Aglioti
The control of one's own movements and of their impact on the external world generates a feeling of control referred to as Sense of Agency (SoA). SoA is experienced when actions match predictions and is reduced by unpredicted events. The present study investigated the contribution of monitoring two fundamental components of action-movement execution and goal achievement-that have been most often explored separately in previous research. We have devised a new paradigm in which participants performed goal-directed actions while viewing an avatar's hand in a mixed-reality scenario...
May 16, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765311/altered-sense-of-body-ownership-and-agency-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-its-dissociative-subtype-a-rubber-hand-illusion-study
#12
Daniela Rabellino, Dalila Burin, Sherain Harricharan, Chantelle Lloyd, Paul A Frewen, Margaret C McKinnon, Ruth A Lanius
Traumatic experiences have been linked to the development of altered states of consciousness affecting bodily perception, including alterations in body ownership and in sense of agency, the conscious experience of the body as one's own and under voluntary control. Severe psychological trauma and prolonged distress may lead to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Together, symptoms of derealization and, related specifically to the sense of body ownership and agency, of depersonalization (where parts of the body or the entire body itself is perceived as detached and out of control), constitute the dissociative subtype (PTSD+DS)...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752850/role-modelling-and-the-hidden-curriculum-new-graduate-nurses-professional-socialisation
#13
Kiri Hunter, Catherine Cook
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore new graduate nurses' experiences of professional socialisation by registered nurses in hospital-based practice settings, and identify strategies that support professional identity development. BACKGROUND: Professionalism is reinforced and stabilised in the clinical environment through the 'hidden curriculum', with major learning coming from practice role-models. New graduates observe attitudes, behaviours, decision-making and skills, and gain feedback from registered nurses, which they translate into their own practice...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742994/a-sense-of-obligation-cultural-differences-in-the-experience-of-obligation
#14
Emma E Buchtel, Leo C Y Ng, Ara Norenzayan, Steven J Heine, Jeremy C Biesanz, Sylvia Xiaohua Chen, Michael Harris Bond, Qin Peng, Yanjie Su
In this investigation of cultural differences in the experience of obligation, we distinguish between Confucian Role Ethics versus Relative Autonomy lay theories of motivation and illustrate them with data showing relevant cultural differences in both social judgments and intrapersonal experience. First, when judging others, Western European heritage culture (WEHC) participants (relative to Confucian heritage culture [CHC] participants) judged obligation-motivated actors more negatively than those motivated by agency (Study 1, N = 529)...
May 1, 2018: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740729/a-novel-flash-glucose-monitoring-system-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-type-1-and-2-which-are-the-pieces-of-evidence-for-payer-decision-makers
#15
Salvatore Corrao, Biagio Nativo, Giuseppe Natoli, Marika Lo Monaco, Francesco Perticone
A rigorous health technology assessment is necessary to evaluate a new technology. However, healthcare regulatory agencies have less restrictive rules about medical devices, despite some recent warnings about this relevant matter. The evaluation should have at least two key issues, which require attention. The first one is its effectiveness, and the second one is its economic sustainability. In this paper, we deal with a novel glucose-sensing technology as a case study to examine the matter in depth. An evidence-based point of view is used to highlight this important issue...
May 8, 2018: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731530/noble-metal-nanostructures-in-optical-biosensors-basics-and-their-introduction-to-anti-doping-detection
#16
Hedieh Malekzad, Parham Sahandi Zangabad, Hadi Mohammadi, Mohsen Sadroddini, Zahra Jafari, Niloofar Mahlooji, Somaye Abbaspour, Somaye Gholami, Mana Ghanbarpoor, Rahim Pashazadeh, Ali Beyzavi, Mahdi Karimi, Michael R Hamblin
Nanotechnology has illustrated significant potentials in biomolecular-sensing applications; particularly its introduction to anti-doping detection is of great importance. Illicit recreational drugs, substances that can be potentially abused, and drugs with dosage limitations according to the prohibited lists announced by the World Antidoping Agency (WADA) are becoming of increasing interest to forensic chemists. In this review, the theoretical principles of optical biosensors based on noble metal nanoparticles, and the transduction mechanism of commonly-applied plasmonic biosensors are covered...
March 2018: Trends in Analytical Chemistry: TRAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713301/the-senses-of-agency-and-ownership-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Niclas Braun, Stefan Debener, Nadine Spychala, Edith Bongartz, Peter Sörös, Helge H O Müller, Alexandra Philipsen
Usually, we do not question that we possess a body and act upon the world. This pre-reflective awareness of being a bodily and agentive self can, however, be disrupted by different clinical conditions. Whereas sense of ownership (SoO) describes the feeling of mineness toward one's own body parts, feelings or thoughts, sense of agency (SoA) refers to the experience of initiating and controlling an action. Although SoA and SoO naturally coincide, both experiences can also be made in isolation. By using many different experimental paradigms, both experiences have been extensively studied over the last years...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708422/disillusioning-gender
#18
Britt-Marie Schiller
Illusions are not errors but erroneous beliefs motivated by wishful ideas and fantasies. To disillusion gender is to challenge the traditional Freudian construction that splits masculinity and femininity into agency versus passivity, the first with power, the second without. Disillusioning femininity as impotent frees up potency and power as generativity. Disillusioning masculinity as phallic and omnipotent opens the masculine subject to permeability and vulnerability. Illusions regarding the transgender include the idea that there are only two gender categories and the idea that gender identity is generated solely from an internal sense of self...
April 2018: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696343/the-significance-of-land-cover-delineation-on-soil-erosion-assessment
#19
Nikolaos Efthimiou, Emmanouil Psomiadis
The study aims to evaluate the significance of land cover delineation on soil erosion assessment. To that end, RUSLE (Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation) was implemented at the Upper Acheloos River catchment, Western Central Greece, annually and multi-annually for the period 1965-92. The model estimates soil erosion as the linear product of six factors (R, K, LS, C, and P) considering the catchment's climatic, pedological, topographic, land cover, and anthropogenic characteristics, respectively. The C factor was estimated using six alternative land use delineations of different resolution, namely the CORINE Land Cover (CLC) project (2000, 2012 versions) (1:100,000), a land use map conducted by the Greek National Agricultural Research Foundation (NAGREF) (1:20,000), a land use map conducted by the Greek Payment and Control Agency for Guidance and Guarantee Community Aid (PCAGGCA) (1:5,000), and the Landsat 8 16-day Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) dataset (30 m/pixel) (two approximations) based on remote sensing data (satellite image acquired on 07/09/2016) (1:40,000)...
April 25, 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695958/action-choice-and-outcome-congruency-independently-affect-intentional-binding-and-feeling-of-control-judgments
#20
Zeynep Barlas, Stefan Kopp
Sense of agency (SoA) refers to the subjective experience that one is in control of their actions and the consequences of these actions. The SoA is a complex phenomenon, influenced by a weighted combination of various prospective (pre-movement) and retrospective (post-movement) processes and factors related to action choice, action selection fluency, action-outcome associations and higher-level inferences. In the current study, we examined the effect of the congruency between actions and outcomes in a context where the choice-level of actions was varied from 1 to 4...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
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