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Sense of Agency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536515/subjectivity-of-the-anomalous-sense-of-self-is-represented-in-gray-matter-volume-in-the-brain
#1
Noriaki Kanayama, Tomohisa Asai, Takashi Nakao, Kai Makita, Ryutaro Kozuma, Takuto Uyama, Toshiyuki Yamane, Hiroshi Kadota, Shigeto Yamawaki
The self includes complicated and heterogeneous functions. Researchers have divided the self into three distinct functions called "agency," "ownership," and "narrative self". These correspond to psychiatric symptoms, behavioral characteristics and neural responses, but their relationship with brain structure is unclear. This study examined the relationship between the subjectivity of self-related malfunctions and brain structure in terms of gray matter (GM) volume in 96 healthy people. They completed a recently developed self-reported questionnaire called the Embodied Sense of Self Scale (ESSS) that measures self-related malfunctions...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522968/the-effect-of-visual-spatial-and-temporal-manipulations-on-embodiment-and-action
#2
Natasha Ratcliffe, Roger Newport
The feeling of owning and controlling the body relies on the integration and interpretation of sensory input from multiple sources with respect to existing representations of the bodily self. Illusion paradigms involving multisensory manipulations have demonstrated that while the senses of ownership and agency are strongly related, these two components of bodily experience may be dissociable and differentially affected by alterations to sensory input. Importantly, however, much of the current literature has focused on the application of sensory manipulations to external objects or virtual representations of the self that are visually incongruent with the viewer's own body and which are not part of the existing body representation...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521649/-am-i-really-gonna-go-sixty-years-without-getting-cancer-again-uncertainty-and-liminality-in-young-women-s-accounts-of-living-with-a-history-of-breast-cancer
#3
Sophie Rees
Although much research has examined the experience of breast cancer, the distinctive perspectives and lives of young women have been relatively neglected. Women diagnosed with breast cancer under the age of 45, and who had completed their initial treatment, were interviewed, and social constructionist grounded theory methods were used to analyse the data. The end of initial treatment was accompanied by a sense of unease and uncertainty in relation to recurrence and survival, and also fertility and menopausal status...
May 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506145/areas-of-control-desired-by-patients-and-families-referred-to-hospice-care-perspectives-of-hospice-admissions-staff
#4
Hyunjin Noh
Sense of control in end-of-life (EOL) care plays a critical role in the patient's well-being. However, little is known about the areas of control essential to patients and families at a specific time point in the illness trajectory: when patients stop curative treatments and are referred to hospice. This study qualitatively explored such areas. Sixteen admissions staff members from four hospice agencies were interviewed about their perceptions of areas in which patients and families worried about losing control by accepting hospice...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501698/sensorimotor-experience-in-virtual-reality-enhances-sense-of-agency-associated-with-an-avatar
#5
Gaiqing Kong, Kang He, Kunlin Wei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501697/intentional-binding-as-a-marker-of-agency-across-the-lifespan
#6
Annachiara Cavazzana, Chiara Begliomini, Patrizia Silvia Bisiacchi
The feeling of control over actions and their external effects is known as Sense of Agency (SoAg). People usually have a distinctive SoAg for events caused by their own actions. However, if the agent is a child or an older person, this feeling of being responsible for the consequences of an action may differ from what an adult would feel. The idea would be that children and elderly may have a reduced SoAg since their frontal lobes are developing or have started to loose their efficiency. The aim of this study was to elucidate whether the SoAg changes across lifespan, using the Intentional Binding (i...
May 11, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500981/some-consequences-of-normal-aging-for-generating-conceptual-explanations-a-case-study-of-vitalist-biology
#7
Nathan Tardiff, Igor Bascandziev, Kaitlin Sandor, Susan Carey, Deborah Zaitchik
Accumulating evidence suggests that not only diseases of old age, but also normal aging, affect elderly adults' ability to draw on the framework theories that structure our abstract causal-explanatory knowledge, knowledge that we use to make sense of the world. One such framework theory, the cross-culturally universal vitalist biology, gives meaning to the abstract concepts life and death. Previous work shows that many elderly adults are animists, claiming that active, moving entities such as the sun and the wind are alive (Zaitchik & Solomon, 2008)...
June 2017: Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497399/money-social-relationships-and-the-sense-of-self-the-consequences-of-an-improved-financial-situation-for-persons-suffering-from-serious-mental-illness
#8
Alain Topor, Ingemar Ljungqvist
During a 9-month period, 100 persons with SMI were given approx. 73 USD per month above their normal income. Sixteen of the subjects were interviewed. The interviews were analysed according to the methods of thematic analysis. The money was used for personal pleasure and to re-establish reciprocal relations to others. The ways in which different individuals used the money at their disposal impacted their sense of self through experiences of mastery, agency, reciprocity, recognition and security. The findings underline the importance of including social circumstances in our understanding of mental health problems, their trajectories and the recovery process...
May 11, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488908/choosing-doing-and-controlling-implicit-sense-of-agency-over-somatosensory-events
#9
Khatereh Borhani, Brianna Beck, Patrick Haggard
Sense of agency-a feeling of control over one's actions and their outcomes-might include at least two components: free choice over which outcome to pursue and motoric control over the action causing the outcome. We orthogonally manipulated locus of outcome choice (free or instructed choice) and motoric control (active or passive movement), while measuring the perceived temporal attraction between actions and outcomes ( temporal binding) as an implicit marker of agency. Participants also rated stimulus intensity so that we could measure sensory attenuation, another possible implicit marker of agency...
May 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485704/the-power-of-suggestion-posthypnotically-induced-changes-in-the-temporal-binding-of-intentional-action-outcomes
#10
Peter Lush, Emilie A Caspar, Axel Cleeremans, Patrick Haggard, Pedro Alexandre Magalhães De Saldanha da Gama, Zoltan Dienes
The sense of agency is the experience of initiating and controlling one's voluntary actions and their outcomes. Intentional binding (i.e., when voluntary actions and their outcomes are perceived to occur closer together in time than involuntary actions and their outcomes) is increased in intentional action but requires no explicit reflection on agency. The reported experience of involuntariness is central to hypnotic responding, during which strategic action is experienced as involuntary. We report reduced intentional binding in a hypnotically induced experience of involuntariness, providing an objective correlate of reports of involuntariness...
May 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484828/satellite-remote-sensing-for-coastal-management-a-review-of-successful-applications
#11
Matthew J McCarthy, Kaitlyn E Colna, Mahmoud M El-Mezayen, Abdiel E Laureano-Rosario, Pablo Méndez-Lázaro, Daniel B Otis, Gerardo Toro-Farmer, Maria Vega-Rodriguez, Frank E Muller-Karger
Management of coastal and marine natural resources presents a number of challenges as a growing global population and a changing climate require us to find better strategies to conserve the resources on which our health, economy, and overall well-being depend. To evaluate the status and trends in changing coastal resources over larger areas, managers in government agencies and private stakeholders around the world have increasingly turned to remote sensing technologies. A surge in collaborative and innovative efforts between resource managers, academic researchers, and industry partners is becoming increasingly vital to keep pace with evolving changes of our natural resources...
May 8, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478995/acting-without-being-in-control-exploring-volition-in-parkinson-s-disease-with-impulsive-compulsive-behaviours
#12
Lucia Ricciardi, Patrick Haggard, Lieke de Boer, Chiara Sorbera, Max-Philipp Stenner, Francesca Morgante, Mark J Edwards
BACKGROUND: Several aspects of volitional control of action may be relevant in the pathophysiology of impulsive-compulsive behaviours (ICB) in Parkinson's disease (PD). We aimed to explore multiple aspects of action control, assessing reward-related behaviour, inhibition (externally and internally triggered) and sense of agency in PD patients, with and without ICB compared to healthy subjects. METHODS: Nineteen PD patients with ICB (PD-ICB), 19 PD without ICB (PD-no-ICB) and 19 healthy controls (HC) underwent a battery of tests including: Intentional Binding task which measures sense of agency; Stop Signal Reaction Time (SSRT) measuring capacity for reactive inhibition; the Marble task, assessing intentional inhibition; Balloon Analog Risk Task for reward sensitivity...
April 20, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476160/time-to-re-think-picky-eating-a-relational-approach-to-understanding-picky-eating
#13
Kathryn Walton, Leon Kuczynski, Emma Haycraft, Andrea Breen, Jess Haines
BACKGROUND: Estimates of picky eating are quite high among young children, with 14-50% of parents identifying their preschoolers as picky eaters. Dietary intake and preferences during the preschool years are characterized by slowing growth rates and children developing a sense of autonomy over their feeding and food selection. We argue that the current conceptualization of picky eating defines acts of resistance or expressions of preference (acts of autonomy) by a child as deviant behaviour...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470691/revealing-gendered-identity-and-agency-in-dementia
#14
Geraldine Boyle
As identity and agency are central to the well-being of people with dementia, this paper explores whether their dialogue conveys a gendered sense of identity and agency. The author discusses whether they demonstrate not just a subjective sense of being but also an understanding of their relational selves. Findings are presented from a qualitative study in the North of England which examined the everyday decisions made by married couples when one partner had dementia. Ethnographic methods were used, including participant observation and interviews...
May 3, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461225/bioelectrical-brain-effects-of-one-s-own-voice-identification-in-pitch-of-voice-auditory-feedback
#15
Oleg Korzyukov, Alexander Bronder, Yunseon Lee, Sona Patel, Charles R Larson
Control of voice fundamental frequency (F0) relies in part on comparison of the intended F0 level and auditory feedback. This comparison impacts "sense of agency", or SoA, commonly defined as being the agent of one's own actions and plays a key role for self-awareness and social interactions. SoA is aberrant in several psychiatric disorders. Knowledge about brain activity reflecting SoA can be used in clinical practice for these disorders. It was shown that perception of voice feedback as one's own voice, reflecting the recognition of SoA, alters auditory sensory processing...
April 29, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460025/assessing-the-impact-of-a-healthy-relationships-curriculum-on-native-american-adolescents
#16
Jennifer G Schanen, Alice Skenandore, Beverly Scow, Janet Hagen
This study suggests Discovery Dating, a healthy relationships curriculum, as one way of preventing teenage pregnancy, domestic violence, and sexual assault. This study seeks to determine what theory of change best aligns with Discovery Dating, by assessing the curriculum's impact on adolescent resilience, self-efficacy, and personal agency, which are suggested as protective factors against teenage pregnancy, domestic violence, and sexual assault. Authors describe the implementation of the Discovery Dating program in a western U...
April 28, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452609/supporting-activity-engagement-by-family-carers-at-home-maintenance-of-agency-and-personhood-in-dementia
#17
Pat Yin Fan Chung, Caroline Ellis-Hill, Peter Coleman
An explorative paper to describe how family carers, through the caregiving journey, reaffirm and promote the agency of people with dementia. Agency is an important concept in dementia care and is crucial to the promotion of wellbeing and the delivery of person-centred care. This article is based on one of the key findings of a study that explored family carers' experiences of engaging their relatives in daily activities in domestic settings. Following research governance and ethical approval, 30 in-depth interviews (initial and follow-up) were carried out with 15 resident-carers of people with dementia who were recruited via local community mental health teams...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450839/investigating-the-prospective-sense-of-agency-effects-of-processing-fluency-stimulus-ambiguity-and-response-conflict
#18
Nura Sidarus, Matti Vuorre, Janet Metcalfe, Patrick Haggard
How do we know how much control we have over our environment? The sense of agency refers to the feeling that we are in control of our actions, and that, through them, we can control our external environment. Thus, agency clearly involves matching intentions, actions, and outcomes. The present studies investigated the possibility that processes of action selection, i.e., choosing what action to make, contribute to the sense of agency. Since selection of action necessarily precedes execution of action, such effects must be prospective...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448504/impaired-sense-of-agency-in-functional-movement-disorders-an-fmri-study
#19
Fatta B Nahab, Prantik Kundu, Carine Maurer, Qian Shen, Mark Hallett
The sense of agency (SA) is an established framework that refers to our ability to exert and perceive control over our own actions. Having an intact SA provides the basis for the human perception of voluntariness, while impairments in SA are hypothesized to lead to the perception of movements being involuntary that may be seen many neurological or psychiatric disorders. Individuals with functional movement disorders (FMD) experience a lack of control over their movements, yet these movements appear voluntary by physiology...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440706/agency-and-communion-in-people-with-alzheimer-s-disease-as-described-by-themselves-and-their-spousal-carers
#20
Ragnhild Hedman, Astrid Norberg, Ingrid Hellström
Agency (individuality) and communion (togetherness) are vital to a positive sense of self. People with Alzheimer's disease are at risk of experiencing diminished agency and decreased communion. Their family members', especially their partner's, view on their agency and communion is also likely to influence their sense of agency, communion, and self. In the present study, individual interviews with 10 people with Alzheimer's disease and their spousal carers were qualitatively analysed to describe how in each couple the two spouses viewed the agency and communion of the person with Alzheimer's disease from an individual perspective...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
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