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Sense of Ownership

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634447/the-moving-rubber-hand-illusion-reveals-that-explicit-sense-of-agency-for-tapping-movements-is-preserved-in-functional-movement-disorders
#1
Angela Marotta, Federica Bombieri, Massimiliano Zampini, Federico Schena, Carlo Dallocchio, Mirta Fiorio, Michele Tinazzi
Functional movement disorders (FMD) are characterized by motor symptoms (e.g., tremor, gait disorder, and dystonia) that are not compatible with movement abnormalities related to a known organic cause. One key clinical feature of FMD is that motor symptoms are similar to voluntary movements but are subjectively experienced as involuntary by patients. This gap might be related to abnormal self-recognition of bodily action, which involves two main components: sense of agency and sense of body ownership. The aim of this study was to systematically investigate whether this function is altered in FMD, specifically focusing on the subjective feeling of agency, body ownership, and their interaction during normal voluntary movements...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589208/cues-of-control-modulate-the-ascription-of-object-ownership
#2
Claudia Scorolli, Anna M Borghi, Luca Tummolini
Knowing whether an object is owned and by whom is essential to avoid costly conflicts. We hypothesize that everyday interactions around objects are influenced by a minimal sense of object ownership grounded on respect of possession. In particular, we hypothesize that tracking object ownership can be influenced by any cue that predicts the establishment of individual physical control over objects. To test this hypothesis we used an indirect method to determine whether visual cues of physical control like spatial proximity to an object, temporal priority in seeing it, and touching it influence this minimal sense of object ownership...
June 6, 2017: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577446/that-s-my-hand-therefore-that-s-my-willed-action-how-body-ownership-acts-upon-conscious-awareness-of-willed-actions
#3
Dalila Burin, Maria Pyasik, Adriana Salatino, Lorenzo Pia
Whether and how body ownership ("this body is mine") contributes to human conscious experience of voluntary action is still unclear. In order to answer this question, here we incorporated two signatures (i.e., an ad hoc questionnaire and the sensory attenuation paradigm) of human's sense of agency ("this action is due to my own will") within a well-known experimental manipulation of body ownership (i.e., the rubber hand illusion paradigm). In two different experiments, we showed that the illusory ownership over a fake hand (induced by the rubber hand illusion) triggered also an illusory agency over its movements at both explicit and implicit level...
May 31, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562494/factors-affecting-the-development-and-sustainability-of-communities-of-practice-among-primary-care-physicians-in-hong-kong
#4
Man Kay Poon, Tai Pong Lam
INTRODUCTION: Primary care physicians (PCPs) maintain high standards of medical care by partaking in continuous learning. The learning model of communities of practice (COPs) is increasingly being used in the field of health care. This study explores the establishment and maintenance of COPs among PCPs in Hong Kong. METHODS: Sequential, semi-structured individual interview and focus group interview were conducted to explore the purposes for partaking in continuous learning, as well as barriers and facilitators for attendance among private nonspecialist PCPs in Hong Kong...
April 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536515/subjectivity-of-the-anomalous-sense-of-self-is-represented-in-gray-matter-volume-in-the-brain
#5
Noriaki Kanayama, Tomohisa Asai, Takashi Nakao, Kai Makita, Ryutaro Kozuma, Takuto Uyama, Toshiyuki Yamane, Hiroshi Kadota, Shigeto Yamawaki
The self includes complicated and heterogeneous functions. Researchers have divided the self into three distinct functions called "agency," "ownership," and "narrative self". These correspond to psychiatric symptoms, behavioral characteristics and neural responses, but their relationship with brain structure is unclear. This study examined the relationship between the subjectivity of self-related malfunctions and brain structure in terms of gray matter (GM) volume in 96 healthy people. They completed a recently developed self-reported questionnaire called the Embodied Sense of Self Scale (ESSS) that measures self-related malfunctions...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532579/interoceptive-ingredients-of-body-ownership-affective-touch-and-cardiac-awareness-in-the-rubber-hand-illusion
#6
Laura Crucianelli, Charlotte Krahé, Paul M Jenkinson, Aikaterini Katerina Fotopoulou
The sense of body ownership represents a fundamental aspect of bodily self-consciousness. Using multisensory integration paradigms, recent studies have shown that both exteroceptive and interoceptive information contribute to our sense of body ownership. Interoception refers to the physiological sense of the condition of the body, including afferent signals that originate inside the body and outside the body. However, it remains unclear whether individual sensitivity to interoceptive modalities is unitary or differs between modalities...
May 1, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522968/the-effect-of-visual-spatial-and-temporal-manipulations-on-embodiment-and-action
#7
Natasha Ratcliffe, Roger Newport
The feeling of owning and controlling the body relies on the integration and interpretation of sensory input from multiple sources with respect to existing representations of the bodily self. Illusion paradigms involving multisensory manipulations have demonstrated that while the senses of ownership and agency are strongly related, these two components of bodily experience may be dissociable and differentially affected by alterations to sensory input. Importantly, however, much of the current literature has focused on the application of sensory manipulations to external objects or virtual representations of the self that are visually incongruent with the viewer's own body and which are not part of the existing body representation...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495109/health-and-health-care-in-israel-an-introduction
#8
REVIEW
A Mark Clarfield, Orly Manor, Gabi Bin Nun, Shifra Shvarts, Zaher S Azzam, Arnon Afek, Fuad Basis, Avi Israeli
Starting well before Independence in 1948, and over the ensuing six decades, Israel has built a robust, relatively efficient public system of health care, resulting in good health statistics throughout the life course. Because of the initiative of people living under the British Mandate for Palestine (1922-48), the development of many of today's health services predated the state's establishment by several decades. An extensive array of high-quality services and technologies is available to all residents, largely free at point of service, via the promulgation of the 1994 National Health Insurance Law...
May 5, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484383/when-playing-is-a-problem-an-atypical-case-of-alien-hand-syndrome-in-a-professional-pianist
#9
Arantxa Alfaro, Ángela Bernabeu, Francisco J Badesa, Nicolas García, Eduardo Fernández
Alien hand syndrome (AHS) is a neurological illness characterized by limb movements which are carried out without being aware of it. Many patients describe these movements as aggressive and some perceive a strong feeling of estrangement and go so far as to deny ownership. The sense of body ownership is the perception that parts of one's body pertain to oneself, despite it is moving or not and if movement is intentional or unintentional. These anomalous self-experiences may arise in patients with focal brain lesions and provide unique opportunities to disclose the neural components underlying self-body perception...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473304/ownership-and-use-of-commercial-physical-activity-trackers-among-finnish-adolescents-cross-sectional-study
#10
Kwok Ng, Jorma Tynjälä, Sami Kokko
BACKGROUND: Mobile phone apps for monitoring and promoting physical activity (PA) are extremely popular among adults. Devices, such as heart rate monitors or sports watches (HRMs/SWs) that work with these apps are at sufficiently low costs to be available through the commercial markets. Studies have reported an increase in PA levels among adults with devices; however, it is unknown whether the phenomena are similar during early adolescence. At a time when adolescents start to develop their own sense of independence and build friendship, the ease of smartphone availability in developed countries needs to be investigated in important health promoting behaviors such as PA...
May 4, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441667/significance-of-user-participation-in-a-hospital-information-system-success-insights-from-a-case-study
#11
Naveed Saleem, Douglas Steel, Gokhan Gercek, Ashish Chandra
User participation in the development of a system is universally prescribed as an effective strategy to ensure the success of the resultant system. However, the existing literature on the merits of user participation only provides equivocal evidence. Various analyses of this literature point out that this equivocal evidence may be due to inconsistent operational measures of the user participation and system success constructs. Planned organizational change and participative decision making, the underlying paradigms of user participation construct, suggest that the development of some information systems may require blending of users' system-related functional expertise and developers' technical expertise to ensure system success...
April 2017: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441175/acceptability-and-use-of-a-dapivirine-vaginal-ring-in-a-phase-iii-trial
#12
Elizabeth T Montgomery, Ariane van der Straten, Miria Chitukuta, Krishnaveni Reddy, Kubashni Woeber, Millicent Atujuna, Linda-Gail Bekker, Juliane Etima, Teopista Nakyanzi, Ashley J Mayo, Ariana Katz, Nicole Laborde, Cynthia I Grossman, Lydia Soto-Torres, Thesla Palanee-Phillips, Jared M Baeten
BACKGROUND: The MTN-020/ASPIRE trial evaluated the safety and effectiveness of the dapivirine vaginal ring for prevention of HIV-1 infection among African women. A nested qualitative component was conducted at six of 15 study sites in Uganda, Malawi, Zimbabwe and South Africa to evaluate acceptability of and adherence to the ring. METHOD: Qualitative study participants (n = 214) were interviewed with one of three modalities: single in-depth interview, up to three serial interviews or an exit Focus Group Discussion...
May 15, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421698/historical-harvests-reduce-neighboring-old-growth-basal-area-across-a-forest-landscape
#13
David M Bell, Thomas A Spies, Robert Pabst
While advances in remote sensing have made stand, landscape, and regional assessments of the direct impacts of disturbance on forests quite common, the edge influence of timber harvesting on the structure of neighboring unharvested forests has not been examined extensively. In this study, we examine the impact of historical timber harvests on basal area patterns of neighboring old-growth forests to assess the magnitude and scale of harvest edge influence in a forest landscape of western Oregon, USA. We used lidar data and forest plot measurements to construct 30-m resolution live tree basal area maps in lower and middle elevation mature and old-growth forests...
April 19, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370942/the-role-of-life-context-and-self-defined-well-being-in-the-outcomes-that-matter-to-people-with-a-diagnosis-of-schizophrenia
#14
Helen Lloyd, Joanne Lloyd, Ray Fitzpatrick, Michele Peters
OBJECTIVE: Conduct a deep exploration of the outcomes that matter to people with a diagnosis of schizophrenia and understand from their perspective how these outcomes can be achieved. SAMPLE AND METHODS: In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with 22 people with a diagnosis of schizophrenia. Interviews were analysed using thematic frameworks, and a realist informed theories of change approach. RESULTS: Our study revealed the potential causal relationships between the context of a person's life, short-term goals and long-term outcomes...
April 3, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334126/heartfelt-self-cardio-visual-integration-affects-self-face-recognition-and-interoceptive-cortical-processing
#15
Alejandra Sel, Ruben T Azevedo, Manos Tsakiris
The sense of body-ownership relies on the representation of both interoceptive and exteroceptive signals coming from one's body. However, it remains unknown how the integration of bodily signals coming from "outside" and "inside" the body is instantiated in the brain. Here, we used a modified version of the Enfacement Illusion to investigate whether the integration of visual and cardiac information can alter self-face recognition (Experiment 1) and neural responses to heartbeats (Experiment 2). We projected a pulsing shade, that was synchronous or asynchronous with the participant's heartbeat, onto a picture depicting the participant's face morphed with the face of an unfamiliar other...
October 5, 2016: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323754/-it-s-inside-my-body-and-it-s-mine
#16
Elizabeth T Montgomery, Ariane van der Straten, Miria Chitukuta, Krishnaveni Reddy, Kubashni Woeber, Millicent Atujuna, Linda-Gail Bekker, Juliane Etima, Teopista Nakyanzi, Ashley J Mayo, Ariana Katz, Nicole Laborde, Cynthia I Grossman, Lydia Soto-Torres, Thesla Palanee-Phillips, Jared M Baeten
The MTN-020/ASPIRE trial evaluated the safety and effectiveness of the dapivirine vaginal ring for prevention of HIV-1 infection among African women. A nested qualitative component was conducted at 6 of 15 study sites in Uganda, Malawi, Zimbabwe and South Africa to evaluate acceptability of and adherence to the ring. Qualitative study participants (n = 214) were interviewed with one of 3 modalities: single in-depth interview, up to 3 serial interviews, or an exit Focus Group Discussion. Using semi-structured guides administered in local languages, 280 interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, translated, coded and analyzed...
March 18, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299244/large-scale-health-information-database-and-privacy-protection
#17
Ryuichi Yamamoto
Japan was once progressive in the digitalization of healthcare fields but unfortunately has fallen behind in terms of the secondary use of data for public interest. There has recently been a trend to establish large-scale health databases in the nation, and a conflict between data use for public interest and privacy protection has surfaced as this trend has progressed. Databases for health insurance claims or for specific health checkups and guidance services were created according to the law that aims to ensure healthcare for the elderly; however, there is no mention in the act about using these databases for public interest in general...
September 2016: Japan Medical Association Journal: JMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289799/does-affective-touch-influence-the-virtual-reality-full-body-illusion
#18
Jutta R de Jong, Anouk Keizer, Manja M Engel, H Chris Dijkerman
The sense of how we experience our physical body as our own represents a fundamental component of human self-awareness. Body ownership can be studied with bodily illusions which are generated by inducing a visuo-tactile conflict where individuals experience illusionary ownership over a fake body or body part, such as a rubber hand. Previous studies showed that different types of touch modulate the strength of experienced ownership over a rubber hand. Specifically, participants experienced more ownership after the rubber hand illusion was induced through affective touch vs non-affective touch...
June 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278012/reproductive-health-rights-and-survival-the-voices-of-mothers-experiencing-homelessness
#19
Courtney Cronley, Kris Hohn, Shamsun Nahar
Women experiencing homelessness report higher rates of reproductive health-related traumas, including unplanned pregnancy, miscarriage, and abortion than their non-homeless peers. Using phenomenological hermeneutic methods, we sought to understand the reproductive health histories of women currently experiencing homelessness (N = 20, 25-61 years old, Mage = 38.33, SDage = 9.33) analyzing data collected between June 2014 and July 2015 in north central Texas. Three key themes highlight the essence of the women's experiences: (1) unexpected pregnancy-pregnancy just happened, (2) loss of reproductive health rights-I was broken, and (3) resilience-giving back and looking forward to good things...
February 16, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270610/eliciting-probabilistic-expectations-collaborations-between-psychologists-and-economists
#20
Wändi Bruine de Bruin, Baruch Fischhoff
We describe two collaborations in which psychologists and economists provided essential support on foundational projects in major research programs. One project involved eliciting adolescents' expectations regarding significant future life events affecting their psychological and economic development. The second project involved eliciting consumers' expectations regarding inflation, a potentially vital input to their investment, saving, and purchasing decisions. In each project, we sought questions with the precision needed for economic modeling and the simplicity needed for lay respondents...
March 28, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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