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Sense of Ownership

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608118/a-global-health-training-model-for-teaching-pediatric-clinical-decision-making-skills-to-rwandan-physical-therapists-a-case-report
#1
Kathryn Clark, Cara N Whalen Smith, Lori Kohls, Ines Musabyemariya, Egide Kayonga Ntagungira, Monika Mann, Steve R Fisher
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is increasing interest among physical therapists from high-income countries to participate in education development projects in low-income countries. However, there are few examples in the literature of effective developmental models or projects. This case report describes a model for improving pediatric clinical decision making skills among Rwandan physical therapists using best practices in clinical decision making, evidence-based practice where possible, and use of the International Classification of Functioning and Disability (ICF) model...
April 2, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607990/-efforts-to-promote-research-integrity-in-academia
#2
Hiroyuki Yasui
 The revised model/core curriculum for pharmaceutical education in Japan was introduced in 2015. The need to provide ethics education, which includes research integrity for pharmacists and those conducting pharmaceutical research, was clearly described in the document: "G: pharmaceutical research (2) rule of law and ethics essential for research activity." Additionally, this newly introduced model/core curriculum was officially requested within each pharmaceutical university. As recently as 2014, a severe situation was exposed in the field of life sciences and clinical research: many reports emerged about scientific misconduct in Japan...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568726/promoting-recovery-from-severe-mental-illness-implications-from-research-on-metacognition-and-metacognitive-reflection-and-insight-therapy
#3
REVIEW
Paul Henry Lysaker, Jay A Hamm, Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Michelle L Pattison, Bethany L Leonhardt
Research indicates that individuals with schizophrenia recover. Recovery, however means different things to different individuals and regardless of what kind of experiences define recovery, the individual diagnosed with the serious mental illness must feel ownership of their recovery. This raises the issue of how mental health services should systematically promote recovery. This paper explores the practical implications for research on metacognition in schizophrenia for this issue. First, we present the integrated model of metacognition, which defines metacognition as the spectrum of activities which allow individual to have available to themselves an integrated sense of self and others as they appraise and respond to the unique challenges they face...
March 22, 2018: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533775/on-the-relation-between-body-ownership-and-sense-of-agency-a-link-at-the-level-of-sensory-related-signals
#4
Maria Pyasik, Dalila Burin, Lorenzo Pia
The relation between sense of body ownership and sense of agency is still highly debated. Here we investigated in a large sample of healthy participants the associations between several implicit and explicit indexes of the two senses. Specifically, we examined the correlations between proprioceptive shift (implicit measure) and questionnaire on the subjective experience of ownership (explicit measure) within the rubber hand illusion paradigm (body ownership), and intentional binding (implicit measure), attenuation of the intensity of auditory outcomes of actions (implicit measure) and questionnaire on the subjective experience of authorship (explicit measure) within the Libet's clock paradigm (sense of agency)...
March 10, 2018: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529588/atypical-susceptibility-to-the-rubber-hand-illusion-linked-to-sensory-localised-vicarious-pain-perception
#5
V Botan, S Fan, H Critchley, J Ward
The Rubber Hand Illusion (RHI) paradigm has been widely used to investigate the sense of body ownership. People who report experiencing the pain of others are hypothesised to have differences in computing body ownership and, hence, we predicted that they would perform atypically on the RHI. The Vicarious Pain Questionnaire (VPQ), was used to divide participants into three groups: (1) non-responders (people who report no pain when seeing someone else experiencing physical pain), (2) sensory-localised responders (report sensory qualities and a localised feeling of pain) and (3) affective-general responders (report a generalised and emotional feeling of pain)...
March 9, 2018: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489853/modeling-intrinsic-potential-for-beaver-castor-canadensis-habitat-to-inform-restoration-and-climate-change-adaptation
#6
Benjamin J Dittbrenner, Michael M Pollock, Jason W Schilling, Julian D Olden, Joshua J Lawler, Christian E Torgersen
Through their dam-building activities and subsequent water storage, beaver have the potential to restore riparian ecosystems and offset some of the predicted effects of climate change by modulating streamflow. Thus, it is not surprising that reintroducing beaver to watersheds from which they have been extirpated is an often-used restoration and climate-adaptation strategy. Identifying sites for reintroduction, however, requires detailed information about habitat factors-information that is not often available at broad spatial scales...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471714/the-bodily-illusion-in-adverse-conditions-virtual-arm-ownership-during-visuomotor-mismatch
#7
Barbara Caola, Martina Montalti, Alessandro Zanini, Antony Leadbetter, Matteo Martini
Classically, body ownership illusions are triggered by cross-modal synchronous stimulations, and hampered by multisensory inconsistencies. Nonetheless, the boundaries of such illusions have been proven to be highly plastic. In this immersive virtual reality study, we explored whether it is possible to induce a sense of body ownership over a virtual body part during visuomotor inconsistencies, with or without the aid of concomitant visuo-tactile stimulations. From a first-person perspective, participants watched a virtual tube moving or an avatar's arm moving, with or without concomitant synchronous visuo-tactile stimulations on their hand...
January 1, 2018: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469212/administrative-reform-and-pay-for-performance-methods-of-primary-health-service-delivery-a-comparison-of-3-health-districts-in-cambodia-2006-2012
#8
Keovathanak Khim, Rohan Jayasuriya, Peter Leslie Annear
Since 1999, performance-based financing or pay-for-performance (P4P) methods have been piloted in the Cambodian public health sector, first as one part of external contracting approaches with international nongovernment organizations and from 2009 as a part of internal contracting arrangements between units within the Ministry of Health under a wider public sector administrative reform. This study analyses these reforms and compares outcomes in 3 health districts. The study analysed routine quantitative data for primary care service delivery by using the interrupted time series method...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431185/how-high-schools-become-empowering-communities-a-mixed-method-explanatory-inquiry-into-youth-adult-partnership-and-school-engagement
#9
Shepherd Zeldin, Josset Sky Gauley, Alexandra Barringer, Brie Chapa
Educational reform efforts emphasize empowerment and engagement, but these concepts are rarely translated into policy or classroom practice. This inquiry explores how schools can become places where students take ownership over their own learning. Phase 1 of this inquiry, a survey of students from diverse high schools, examines pathways to school engagement. Results indicated that youth voice in decision-making, particularly when the experience is situated within supportive adult relationships and a sense of safety, significantly predicts emotional and cognitive engagement...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416065/judging-the-position-of-the-artificial-hand-induces-a-visual-drift-towards-the-real-one-during-the-rubber-hand-illusion
#10
Roberto Erro, Angela Marotta, Michele Tinazzi, Elena Frera, Mirta Fiorio
When subjects look at a rubber hand being brush-stroked synchronously with their own hidden hand, they might feel a sense of ownership over the rubber hand. The perceived mislocalization of the own hand towards the rubber hand (proprioceptive drift) would reflect an implicit marker of this illusion occurring through the dominance of vision over proprioception. This account, however, contrasts with principles of multisensory integration whereby percepts result from a "statistical sum" of different sensory afferents...
February 7, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391505/body-ownership-and-the-four-hand-illusion
#11
Wen-Yeo Chen, Hsu-Chia Huang, Yen-Tung Lee, Caleb Liang
Recent studies of the rubber hand illusion (RHI) have shown that the sense of body ownership is constrained by several factors and yet is still very flexible. However, exactly how flexible is our sense of body ownership? In this study, we address this issue by investigating the following question: is it possible that one may have the illusory experience of owning four hands? Under visual manipulation, the participant adopted the experimenter's first-person perspective (1PP) as if it was his/her own. Sitting face to face, the participant saw four hands-the experimenter's two hands from the adopted 1PP together with the subject's own two hands from the adopted third-person perspective (3PP)...
February 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380961/experiences-of-a-patient-initiated-self-monitoring-service-in-inflammatory-arthritis-a-qualitative-exploration
#12
Hayley McBain, Stanton Newman, Michael Shipley, Abigail Olaleye, Samantha Moore
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to explore patients' experience of a patient-initiated self-monitoring service for people with rheumatoid or psoriatic arthritis who are on methotrexate. METHODS: The study took the form of qualitative semi-structured interviews, embedded within a randomized controlled trial. Twelve participants who were randomly assigned to the intervention arm were interviewed. Interviews digitally, transcribed verbatim and analysed using inductive thematic analysis...
January 30, 2018: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351898/young-people-s-parents-and-professionals-views-on-required-components-of-mobile-apps-to-support-self-management-of-juvenile-arthritis-qualitative-study
#13
Jennifer M Waite-Jones, Rabiya Majeed-Ariss, Joanna Smith, Simon R Stones, Vanessa Van Rooyen, Veronica Swallow
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence that supporting self-management of Juvenile Arthritis can benefit both patients and professionals. Young people with Juvenile Arthritis and their healthy peers increasingly use mobile technologies to access information and support in day-to-day life. Therefore, a user-led, rigorously developed and evaluated mobile app could be valuable for facilitating young people's self-management of Juvenile Arthritis. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to seek the views of young people with Juvenile Arthritis, their parents or carers, and health care professionals (HCPs) as to what should be included in a mobile app to facilitate young people's self-management of chronic Juvenile Arthritis...
January 19, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320406/a-police-and-insurance-joint-management-system-based-on-high-precision-bds-gps-positioning
#14
Wenwei Zuo, Chi Guo, Jingnan Liu, Xuan Peng, Min Yang
Car ownership in China reached 194 million vehicles at the end of 2016. The traffic congestion index (TCI) exceeds 2.0 during rush hour in some cities. Inefficient processing for minor traffic accidents is considered to be one of the leading causes for road traffic jams. Meanwhile, the process after an accident is quite troublesome. The main reason is that it is almost always impossible to get the complete chain of evidence when the accident happens. Accordingly, a police and insurance joint management system is developed which is based on high precision BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS)/Global Positioning System (GPS) positioning to process traffic accidents...
January 10, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284914/relationship-between-cybernetics-management-and-organizational-trust-among-librarians-of-mazandaran-university-of-medical-sciences
#15
Mitra Ghiasi, Afsaneh Shahrabi, Hasan Siamian
Background and purpose: Organization must keep current skills, abilities, and in the current field of competition, and move one step ahead of other competitors; for this purpose, must be a high degree of trust inside the organization. Cybernetic management is a new approach in management of organizations that its main task according to internal issues. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between cybernetics management and organizational trust among librarians of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences...
December 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281736/characterizing-first-and-third-person-viewpoints-and-their-alternation-for-embodied-interaction-in-virtual-reality
#16
Henrique Galvan Debarba, Sidney Bovet, Roy Salomon, Olaf Blanke, Bruno Herbelin, Ronan Boulic
Empirical research on the bodily self has shown that the body representation is malleable, and prone to manipulation when conflicting sensory stimuli are presented. Using Virtual Reality (VR) we assessed the effects of manipulating multisensory feedback (full body control and visuo-tactile congruence) and visual perspective (first and third person perspective) on the sense of embodying a virtual body that was exposed to a virtual threat. We also investigated how subjects behave when the possibility of alternating between first and third person perspective at will was presented...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251298/free-inventory-platform-manages-chemical-risks-addresses-chemical-accountability-and-measures-cost-effectiveness
#17
Malcolm J D'Souza, Kristopher P Roeske, Lily S Neff
To develop best practices for laboratory safety and for chemical product and supplies management accountability, the freely-available online platform, Quartzy , was integrated within an interdisciplinary science department at a small Mid-Atlantic liberal-arts college. This was done to ensure the accuracy of purchase records, the appropriate use of storage and handling protocols, and for a continually updated chemical inventory system. Quartzy also facilitated the digital tracking and dispersal of the College's hazardous waste inventory...
August 2017: International journal of advances in science, engineering and technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193494/-it-s-good-they-re-like-me-the-same-but-different-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-of-the-identities-of-women-with-down-s-syndrome
#18
Emma Groves, Kelly Rayner, Steven Muncer
BACKGROUND: For people with disabilities, identity formation is based on responses to hierarchical values determined by able populations. Some adopt a disability identity, whereas others may seek to conceal their disability. No research has focused on how women with Down's Syndrome form an identity. DESIGN: Eight women with Down's Syndrome took part in semi-structured interviews designed to find out more about their individual and shared identities. The transcripts were analysed using interpretive phenomenological analysis...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190139/the-50-50-block-schedule-impact-on-residents-and-preceptors-perceptions-patient-outcomes-and-continuity-of-care
#19
Rachel Jantea, Raquel Buranosky, Deborah Simak, Erika Hoffman, Shanta M Zimmer, David Michael Elnicki
PROBLEM: Traditionally, internal medicine continuity clinic consists of a half day per week, regardless of rotation, which may create conflict with ongoing inpatient responsibilities. A 50/50 block schedule, which alternates inpatient and outpatient rotations and concentrates continuity clinic during outpatient rotations, minimizes conflicting responsibilities. However, its impact on patient care has not been widely studied. Continuity is a concern, and intervisit continuity in particular has not been evaluated...
November 30, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161965/i-am-there-%C3%A2-but-not-quite-an-unfaithful-mirror-that-reduces-feelings-of-ownership-and-agency
#20
Noreen O'Sullivan, Christophe de Bezenac, Andrea Piovesan, Hannah Cutler, Rhiannon Corcoran, David Fenyvesi, Marco Bertamini
The experience of seeing one's own face in a mirror is a common experience in daily life. Visual feedback from a mirror is linked to a sense of identity. We developed a procedure that allowed individuals to watch their own face, as in a normal mirror, or with specific distortions (lag) for active movement or passive touch. By distorting visual feedback while the face is being observed on a screen, we document an illusion of reduced embodiment. Participants made mouth movements, while their forehead was touched with a pen...
February 2018: Perception
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