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Sense of Ownership

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431185/how-high-schools-become-empowering-communities-a-mixed-method-explanatory-inquiry-into-youth-adult-partnership-and-school-engagement
#1
Shepherd Zeldin, Josset Sky Gauley, Alexandra Barringer, Brie Chapa
Educational reform efforts emphasize empowerment and engagement, but these concepts are rarely translated into policy or classroom practice. This inquiry explores how schools can become places where students take ownership over their own learning. Phase 1 of this inquiry, a survey of students from diverse high schools, examines pathways to school engagement. Results indicated that youth voice in decision-making, particularly when the experience is situated within supportive adult relationships and a sense of safety, significantly predicts emotional and cognitive engagement...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416065/judging-the-position-of-the-artificial-hand-induces-a-visual-drift-towards-the-real-one-during-the-rubber-hand-illusion
#2
Roberto Erro, Angela Marotta, Michele Tinazzi, Elena Frera, Mirta Fiorio
When subjects look at a rubber hand being brush-stroked synchronously with their own hidden hand, they might feel a sense of ownership over the rubber hand. The perceived mislocalization of the own hand towards the rubber hand (proprioceptive drift) would reflect an implicit marker of this illusion occurring through the dominance of vision over proprioception. This account, however, contrasts with principles of multisensory integration whereby percepts result from a "statistical sum" of different sensory afferents...
February 7, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391505/body-ownership-and-the-four-hand-illusion
#3
Wen-Yeo Chen, Hsu-Chia Huang, Yen-Tung Lee, Caleb Liang
Recent studies of the rubber hand illusion (RHI) have shown that the sense of body ownership is constrained by several factors and yet is still very flexible. However, exactly how flexible is our sense of body ownership? In this study, we address this issue by investigating the following question: is it possible that one may have the illusory experience of owning four hands? Under visual manipulation, the participant adopted the experimenter's first-person perspective (1PP) as if it was his/her own. Sitting face to face, the participant saw four hands-the experimenter's two hands from the adopted 1PP together with the subject's own two hands from the adopted third-person perspective (3PP)...
February 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380961/experiences-of-a-patient-initiated-self-monitoring-service-in-inflammatory-arthritis-a-qualitative-exploration
#4
Hayley McBain, Stanton Newman, Michael Shipley, Abigail Olaleye, Samantha Moore
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to explore patients' experience of a patient-initiated self-monitoring service for people with rheumatoid or psoriatic arthritis who are on methotrexate. METHODS: The study took the form of qualitative semi-structured interviews, embedded within a randomized controlled trial. Twelve participants who were randomly assigned to the intervention arm were interviewed. Interviews digitally, transcribed verbatim and analysed using inductive thematic analysis...
January 30, 2018: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351898/young-people-s-parents-and-professionals-views-on-required-components-of-mobile-apps-to-support-self-management-of-juvenile-arthritis-qualitative-study
#5
Jennifer M Waite-Jones, Rabiya Majeed-Ariss, Joanna Smith, Simon R Stones, Vanessa Van Rooyen, Veronica Swallow
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence that supporting self-management of Juvenile Arthritis can benefit both patients and professionals. Young people with Juvenile Arthritis and their healthy peers increasingly use mobile technologies to access information and support in day-to-day life. Therefore, a user-led, rigorously developed and evaluated mobile app could be valuable for facilitating young people's self-management of Juvenile Arthritis. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to seek the views of young people with Juvenile Arthritis, their parents or carers, and health care professionals (HCPs) as to what should be included in a mobile app to facilitate young people's self-management of chronic Juvenile Arthritis...
January 19, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320406/a-police-and-insurance-joint-management-system-based-on-high-precision-bds-gps-positioning
#6
Wenwei Zuo, Chi Guo, Jingnan Liu, Xuan Peng, Min Yang
Car ownership in China reached 194 million vehicles at the end of 2016. The traffic congestion index (TCI) exceeds 2.0 during rush hour in some cities. Inefficient processing for minor traffic accidents is considered to be one of the leading causes for road traffic jams. Meanwhile, the process after an accident is quite troublesome. The main reason is that it is almost always impossible to get the complete chain of evidence when the accident happens. Accordingly, a police and insurance joint management system is developed which is based on high precision BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS)/Global Positioning System (GPS) positioning to process traffic accidents...
January 10, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284914/relationship-between-cybernetics-management-and-organizational-trust-among-librarians-of-mazandaran-university-of-medical-sciences
#7
Mitra Ghiasi, Afsaneh Shahrabi, Hasan Siamian
Background and purpose: Organization must keep current skills, abilities, and in the current field of competition, and move one step ahead of other competitors; for this purpose, must be a high degree of trust inside the organization. Cybernetic management is a new approach in management of organizations that its main task according to internal issues. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between cybernetics management and organizational trust among librarians of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences...
December 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281736/characterizing-first-and-third-person-viewpoints-and-their-alternation-for-embodied-interaction-in-virtual-reality
#8
Henrique Galvan Debarba, Sidney Bovet, Roy Salomon, Olaf Blanke, Bruno Herbelin, Ronan Boulic
Empirical research on the bodily self has shown that the body representation is malleable, and prone to manipulation when conflicting sensory stimuli are presented. Using Virtual Reality (VR) we assessed the effects of manipulating multisensory feedback (full body control and visuo-tactile congruence) and visual perspective (first and third person perspective) on the sense of embodying a virtual body that was exposed to a virtual threat. We also investigated how subjects behave when the possibility of alternating between first and third person perspective at will was presented...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251298/free-inventory-platform-manages-chemical-risks-addresses-chemical-accountability-and-measures-cost-effectiveness
#9
Malcolm J D'Souza, Kristopher P Roeske, Lily S Neff
To develop best practices for laboratory safety and for chemical product and supplies management accountability, the freely-available online platform, Quartzy, was integrated within an interdisciplinary science department at a small Mid-Atlantic liberal-arts college. This was done to ensure the accuracy of purchase records, the appropriate use of storage and handling protocols, and for a continually updated chemical inventory system. Quartzy also facilitated the digital tracking and dispersal of the College's hazardous waste inventory...
August 2017: Int J Adv Sci Eng Technol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193494/-it-s-good-they-re-like-me-the-same-but-different-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-of-the-identities-of-women-with-down-s-syndrome
#10
Emma Groves, Kelly Rayner, Steven Muncer
BACKGROUND: For people with disabilities, identity formation is based on responses to hierarchical values determined by able populations. Some adopt a disability identity, whereas others may seek to conceal their disability. No research has focused on how women with Down's Syndrome form an identity. DESIGN: Eight women with Down's Syndrome took part in semi-structured interviews designed to find out more about their individual and shared identities. The transcripts were analysed using interpretive phenomenological analysis...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190139/the-50-50-block-schedule-impact-on-residents-and-preceptors-perceptions-patient-outcomes-and-continuity-of-care
#11
Rachel Jantea, Raquel Buranosky, Deborah Simak, Erika Hoffman, Shanta M Zimmer, David Michael Elnicki
PROBLEM: Traditionally, internal medicine continuity clinic consists of a half day per week, regardless of rotation, which may create conflict with ongoing inpatient responsibilities. A 50/50 block schedule, which alternates inpatient and outpatient rotations and concentrates continuity clinic during outpatient rotations, minimizes conflicting responsibilities. However, its impact on patient care has not been widely studied. Continuity is a concern, and intervisit continuity in particular has not been evaluated...
November 30, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161965/i-am-there-%C3%A2-but-not-quite-an-unfaithful-mirror-that-reduces-feelings-of-ownership-and-agency
#12
Noreen O'Sullivan, Christophe de Bezenac, Andrea Piovesan, Hannah Cutler, Rhiannon Corcoran, David Fenyvesi, Marco Bertamini
The experience of seeing one's own face in a mirror is a common experience in daily life. Visual feedback from a mirror is linked to a sense of identity. We developed a procedure that allowed individuals to watch their own face, as in a normal mirror, or with specific distortions (lag) for active movement or passive touch. By distorting visual feedback while the face is being observed on a screen, we document an illusion of reduced embodiment. Participants made mouth movements, while their forehead was touched with a pen...
January 1, 2017: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138127/exploring-working-relationships-in-mental-health-care-via-an-e-recovery-portal-qualitative-study-on-the-experiences-of-service-users-and-health-providers
#13
Monica Strand, Deede Gammon, Lillian Sofie Eng, Cornelia Ruland
BACKGROUND: The quality of working relationships between service users and health providers is fundamental in the processes of recovery in mental health. How Internet-based interventions will influence these relationships for persons with long-term care needs, and the measures that can be taken to maintain and enhance working relationships through Internet, is still not well understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to gain insights into how service users and health providers experience their working relationships when they are offered the option of supplementing ongoing collaboration with an e-recovery portal...
November 14, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122723/the-neuronal-network-involved-in-self-attribution-of-an-artificial-hand-a-lesion-network-symptom-mapping-study
#14
Max Wawrzyniak, Julian Klingbeil, Daniel Zeller, Dorothee Saur, Joseph Classen
The feeling of body-ownership can be experimentally manipulated using the rubber hand illusion (RHI) paradigm. Participants experience a sense of ownership over an artificial hand when their hidden real hand and the visible artificial hand are synchronously stroked. Using lesion masks and behavioral data from a previous study on RHI failure in acute stroke patients, we here employed lesion network-symptom-mapping (LNSM) based on normative functional connectome data to identify lesion-dependent network connectivity related to the experience of self-attribution of an artificial hand in the RHI paradigm...
November 6, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122393/how-do-professional-relationships-influence-surgical-antibiotic-prophylaxis-decision-making-a-qualitative-study
#15
Jennifer K Broom, Alex F Broom, Emma R Kirby, Jeffrey J Post
BACKGROUND: Surgical antibiotic prophylaxis (SAP) is a critical area to optimize to reduce the escalation of antimicrobial resistance. This article explores the ways by which interpersonal relationships influence SAP decision making. METHODS: Twenty surgeons and anesthetists participated in in-depth semistructured interviews on SAP prescribing. Results were analyzed using the framework approach. RESULTS: Analysis revealed 3 ways by which interpersonal relationships influence SAP: relationship dynamics between the surgeon and the anesthetist determine appropriateness of SAP, particularly operative risk ownership; perceived hierarchies within, and between, surgical and anesthetist specialties influence antibiotic prescribing decisions; and surgical distance from the antimicrobial stewardship team, which influences use of antimicrobial stewardship principles...
November 7, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115180/identity-and-ownership-issues-in-the-regulation-of-autologous-cells
#16
Douglas Sipp
Clinical application of autologous cells by businesses promoting unproven stem cell treatments represents the largest growth sector in this problematic industry, but also presents special challenges to regulators. Patients frequently identify autologous cells as personal property, using the language of 'ownership'. Through an analysis of comments submitted to the US FDA in 2016 in response to recent draft guidance documents, I show that a sense of ownership and identity in autologous cells is consistently expressed by stakeholders...
October 2017: Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082527/time-touch-and-temperature-affect-perceived-finger-position-and-ownership-in-the-grasp-illusion
#17
Martin E Héroux, Nicolas Bayle, Annie A Butler, Simon C Gandevia
Perceived body position and ownership are fundamental to our ability to sense and interact with the world. Previous work indicates that temporally congruent, repetitive multisensory stimuli are needed to alter the sense of body ownership. In the present study 30 subjects passively grasped an artificial rubber finger with their left index and thumb while their right index finger, located 12 cm below, was lightly clamped. Fingers with varied physical characteristics were also passively grasped to determine how these characteristics influenced perceived body position and ownership...
October 29, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046630/agency-over-phantom-limb-enhanced-by-short-term-mirror-therapy
#18
Shu Imaizumi, Tomohisa Asai, Shinichi Koyama
Most amputees experience phantom limb, whereby they feel that the amputated limb is still present. In some cases, these experiences include pain that can be alleviated by "mirror therapy." Mirror therapy consists of superimposing a mirrored image of the moving intact limb onto the phantom limb. This therapy provides a closed loop between the motor command to the amputated limb and its predicted visual feedback. This loop is also involved in the sense of agency, a feeling of controlling one's own body. However, it is unclear how mirror therapy is related to the sense of agency over a phantom limb...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036731/rethinking-body-ownership-in-schizophrenia-experimental-and-meta-analytical-approaches-show-no-evidence-for-deficits
#19
Albulena Shaqiri, Maya Roinishvili, Mariia Kaliuzhna, Ophélie Favrod, Eka Chkonia, Michael H Herzog, Olaf Blanke, Roy Salomon
Schizophrenia is a severe psychiatric disorder, in which patients experience an abnormal sense of self. While deficits in sensorimotor self-representation (agency) are well documented in schizophrenia, less is known about other aspects of bodily self-representation (body ownership). Here, we tested a large cohort (N = 59) of chronic schizophrenia patients and matched controls (N = 30) on a well-established body illusion paradigm, the Full Body Illusion (FBI). In this paradigm, changes in body ownership are induced through prolonged multisensory stimulation, in which participants are stroked on their back while seeing the stroking on the back of a virtual body...
July 25, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035989/-it-doesn-t-make-sense-for-us-not-to-have-one-understanding-reasons-why-community-sports-organizations-chose-to-participate-in-a-funded-automated-external-defibrillator-program
#20
Lauren V Fortington, Sheree Bekker, Damian Morgan, Caroline F Finch
OBJECTIVE: Implementation of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) in community sports settings is an important component of emergency medical planning. This study aimed to understand motivations for why sports organizations participated in a government-funded program that provided AEDs and associated first-aid training. DESIGN: Face-to-face interviews. SETTING: Community sports organizations in Victoria, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Representatives from 14 organizations who participated in a government-funded AED program...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
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