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Sense of Ownership

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892405/body-ownership-and-agency-altered-by-an-electromyographically-controlled-robotic-arm
#1
Yuki Sato, Toshihiro Kawase, Kouji Takano, Charles Spence, Kenji Kansaku
Understanding how we consciously experience our bodies is a fundamental issue in cognitive neuroscience. Two fundamental components of this are the sense of body ownership (the experience of the body as one's own) and the sense of agency (the feeling of control over one's bodily actions). These constructs have been used to investigate the incorporation of prostheses. To date, however, no evidence has been provided showing whether representations of ownership and agency in amputees are altered when operating a robotic prosthesis...
May 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867677/mechanical-pain-thresholds-and-the-rubber-hand-illusion
#2
Anna Bauer, Julia Hagenburger, Tina Plank, Volker Busch, Mark W Greenlee
We manipulated the sense of body ownership with the rubber hand illusion (RHI) to determine if perception of a potentially painful threat to the rubber hand can modify the mechanical pain threshold (MPT). Simultaneous tactile stimulation of the subject's concealed hand and the appropriately positioned visible rubber hand generated the illusion of false body ownership. The MPT was recorded on the left hand of the subjects before and after induction of the RHI, as well as during the phase in which the model hand was pricked with a sharp knife or touched by the blunt knife handle...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851715/making-the-most-of-continuing-medical-education-evidence-of-transformative-learning-during-a-course-in-evidence-based-medicine-and-decision-making
#3
Randi G Sokol, Allen F Shaughnessy
INTRODUCTION: Continuing medical information courses have been criticized for not promoting behavior change among their participants. For behavior change to occur, participants often need to consciously reject previous ideas and transform their way of thinking. Transformational learning is a process that cultivates deep emotional responses and can lead to cognitive and behavioral change in learners, potentially facilitating rich learning experiences and expediting knowledge translation...
April 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29808462/improvisation-versus-guideline-concordance-in-surgical-antibiotic-prophylaxis-a-qualitative-study
#4
Jennifer Broom, Alex Broom, Emma Kirby, Jeffrey J Post
PURPOSE: Surgical antibiotic prophylaxis (SAP) is a common area of antimicrobial misuse. The aim of this study was to explore the social dynamics that influence the use of SAP. METHODS: 20 surgeons and anaesthetists from a tertiary referral hospital in Australia participated in semi-structured interviews focusing on experiences and perspectives on SAP prescribing. Interview data were analysed using the framework approach. RESULTS: Systematic analysis of the participants' account of the social factors influencing SAP revealed four themes...
May 28, 2018: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780877/disgust-and-the-rubber-hand-illusion-a-registered-replication-report-of-jalal-krishnakumar-and-ramachandran-2015
#5
Hiroshi Nitta, Haruto Tomita, Yi Zhang, Xinxin Zhou, Yuki Yamada
Heightened experience of disgust is a feature of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), particularly contamination-related OCD (C-OCD). Previous studies of the rubber hand illusion (RHI) reported that the sense of body ownership is related to the interaction between vision, touch, and proprioception. One recent study demonstrated a link between the RHI and disgust, suggesting that there is an interaction between these three perceptual modalities and disgust (Jalal et al., PLOS ONE 10:e0139159, 2015). However, there have been no direct replications of this initial study...
2018: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765311/altered-sense-of-body-ownership-and-agency-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-its-dissociative-subtype-a-rubber-hand-illusion-study
#6
Daniela Rabellino, Dalila Burin, Sherain Harricharan, Chantelle Lloyd, Paul A Frewen, Margaret C McKinnon, Ruth A Lanius
Traumatic experiences have been linked to the development of altered states of consciousness affecting bodily perception, including alterations in body ownership and in sense of agency, the conscious experience of the body as one's own and under voluntary control. Severe psychological trauma and prolonged distress may lead to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Together, symptoms of derealization and, related specifically to the sense of body ownership and agency, of depersonalization (where parts of the body or the entire body itself is perceived as detached and out of control), constitute the dissociative subtype (PTSD+DS)...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755378/the-architectonic-experience-of-body-and-space-in-augmented-interiors
#7
Isabella Pasqualini, Maria Laura Blefari, Tej Tadi, Andrea Serino, Olaf Blanke
The environment shapes our experience of space in constant interaction with the body. Architectonic interiors amplify the perception of space through the bodily senses; an effect also known as embodiment. The interaction of the bodily senses with the space surrounding the body can be tested experimentally through the manipulation of multisensory stimulation and measured via a range of behaviors related to bodily self-consciousness. Many studies have used Virtual Reality to show that visuotactile conflicts mediated via a virtual body or avatar can disrupt the unified subjective experience of the body and self...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749845/effects-of-discovery-iteration-and-collaboration-in-laboratory-courses-on-undergraduates-research-career-intentions-fully-mediated-by-student-ownership
#8
Lisa A Corwin, Christopher R Runyon, Eman Ghanem, Moriah Sandy, Greg Clark, Gregory C Palmer, Stuart Reichler, Stacia E Rodenbusch, Erin L Dolan
Course-based undergraduate research experiences (CUREs) provide a promising avenue to attract a larger and more diverse group of students into research careers. CUREs are thought to be distinctive in offering students opportunities to make discoveries, collaborate, engage in iterative work, and develop a sense of ownership of their lab course work. Yet how these elements affect students' intentions to pursue research-related careers remain unexplored. To address this knowledge gap, we collected data on three design features thought to be distinctive of CUREs (discovery, iteration, collaboration) and on students' levels of ownership and career intentions from ∼800 undergraduates who had completed CURE or inquiry courses, including courses from the Freshman Research Initiative (FRI), which has a demonstrated positive effect on student retention in college and in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics...
June 2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713301/the-senses-of-agency-and-ownership-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Niclas Braun, Stefan Debener, Nadine Spychala, Edith Bongartz, Peter Sörös, Helge H O Müller, Alexandra Philipsen
Usually, we do not question that we possess a body and act upon the world. This pre-reflective awareness of being a bodily and agentive self can, however, be disrupted by different clinical conditions. Whereas sense of ownership (SoO) describes the feeling of mineness toward one's own body parts, feelings or thoughts, sense of agency (SoA) refers to the experience of initiating and controlling an action. Although SoA and SoO naturally coincide, both experiences can also be made in isolation. By using many different experimental paradigms, both experiences have been extensively studied over the last years...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691950/adapting-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guidelines-at-university-teaching-hospitals-a-model-for-the-eastern-mediterranean-region
#10
Yasser S Amer, Hayfaa A Wahabi, Manal M Abou Elkheir, Ghada A Bawazeer, Shaikh M Iqbal, Maher A Titi, Aishah Ekhzaimy, Khalid A Alswat, Rasmieh A Alzeidan, Lubna A Al-Ansary
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are significant tools for evidence-based health care quality improvement. The CPG program at King Saud University was launched as a quality improvement program to fulfil the international accreditation standards. This program was a collaboration between the Research Chair for Evidence-Based Healthcare and Knowledge Translation and the Quality Management Department. This study aims to develop a fast-track method for adaptation of evidence-based CPGs and describe results of the program...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674664/short-term-visual-deprivation-boosts-the-flexibility-of-body-representation
#11
Dominika Radziun, H Henrik Ehrsson
Short-term visual deprivation by blindfolding influences tactile acuity and orientation in space and, on a neural level, leads to enhanced excitability of visual and motor cortices. However, to the best of our knowledge, the possible effects of short-term visual deprivation on body representation have not been examined. In the present study, we tested two groups of 30 healthy participants with the somatic rubber hand illusion, a well-established paradigm to probe the dynamic plasticity of body representation...
April 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608118/a-global-health-training-model-for-teaching-pediatric-clinical-decision-making-skills-to-rwandan-physical-therapists-a-case-report
#12
Kathryn Clark, Cara N Whalen Smith, Lori Kohls, Ines Musabyemariya, Egide Kayonga Ntagungira, Monika Mann, Steve R Fisher
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is increasing interest among physical therapists from high-income countries to participate in education development projects in low-income countries. However, there are few examples in the literature of effective developmental models or projects. This case report describes a model for improving pediatric clinical decision making skills among Rwandan physical therapists using best practices in clinical decision making, evidence-based practice where possible, and use of the International Classification of Functioning and Disability (ICF) model...
April 2, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607990/-efforts-to-promote-research-integrity-in-academia
#13
Hiroyuki Yasui
 The revised model/core curriculum for pharmaceutical education in Japan was introduced in 2015. The need to provide ethics education, which includes research integrity for pharmacists and those conducting pharmaceutical research, was clearly described in the document: "G: pharmaceutical research (2) rule of law and ethics essential for research activity." Additionally, this newly introduced model/core curriculum was officially requested within each pharmaceutical university. As recently as 2014, a severe situation was exposed in the field of life sciences and clinical research: many reports emerged about scientific misconduct in Japan...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568726/promoting-recovery-from-severe-mental-illness-implications-from-research-on-metacognition-and-metacognitive-reflection-and-insight-therapy
#14
REVIEW
Paul Henry Lysaker, Jay A Hamm, Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Michelle L Pattison, Bethany L Leonhardt
Research indicates that individuals with schizophrenia recover. Recovery, however means different things to different individuals and regardless of what kind of experiences define recovery, the individual diagnosed with the serious mental illness must feel ownership of their recovery. This raises the issue of how mental health services should systematically promote recovery. This paper explores the practical implications for research on metacognition in schizophrenia for this issue. First, we present the integrated model of metacognition, which defines metacognition as the spectrum of activities which allow individual to have available to themselves an integrated sense of self and others as they appraise and respond to the unique challenges they face...
March 22, 2018: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533775/on-the-relation-between-body-ownership-and-sense-of-agency-a-link-at-the-level-of-sensory-related-signals
#15
Maria Pyasik, Dalila Burin, Lorenzo Pia
The relation between sense of body ownership and sense of agency is still highly debated. Here we investigated in a large sample of healthy participants the associations between several implicit and explicit indexes of the two senses. Specifically, we examined the correlations between proprioceptive shift (implicit measure) and questionnaire on the subjective experience of ownership (explicit measure) within the rubber hand illusion paradigm (body ownership), and intentional binding (implicit measure), attenuation of the intensity of auditory outcomes of actions (implicit measure) and questionnaire on the subjective experience of authorship (explicit measure) within the Libet's clock paradigm (sense of agency)...
April 2018: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529588/atypical-susceptibility-to-the-rubber-hand-illusion-linked-to-sensory-localised-vicarious-pain-perception
#16
V Botan, S Fan, H Critchley, J Ward
The Rubber Hand Illusion (RHI) paradigm has been widely used to investigate the sense of body ownership. People who report experiencing the pain of others are hypothesised to have differences in computing body ownership and, hence, we predicted that they would perform atypically on the RHI. The Vicarious Pain Questionnaire (VPQ), was used to divide participants into three groups: (1) non-responders (people who report no pain when seeing someone else experiencing physical pain), (2) sensory-localised responders (report sensory qualities and a localised feeling of pain) and (3) affective-general responders (report a generalised and emotional feeling of pain)...
April 2018: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489853/modeling-intrinsic-potential-for-beaver-castor-canadensis-habitat-to-inform-restoration-and-climate-change-adaptation
#17
Benjamin J Dittbrenner, Michael M Pollock, Jason W Schilling, Julian D Olden, Joshua J Lawler, Christian E Torgersen
Through their dam-building activities and subsequent water storage, beaver have the potential to restore riparian ecosystems and offset some of the predicted effects of climate change by modulating streamflow. Thus, it is not surprising that reintroducing beaver to watersheds from which they have been extirpated is an often-used restoration and climate-adaptation strategy. Identifying sites for reintroduction, however, requires detailed information about habitat factors-information that is not often available at broad spatial scales...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471714/the-bodily-illusion-in-adverse-conditions-virtual-arm-ownership-during-visuomotor-mismatch
#18
Barbara Caola, Martina Montalti, Alessandro Zanini, Antony Leadbetter, Matteo Martini
Classically, body ownership illusions are triggered by cross-modal synchronous stimulations, and hampered by multisensory inconsistencies. Nonetheless, the boundaries of such illusions have been proven to be highly plastic. In this immersive virtual reality study, we explored whether it is possible to induce a sense of body ownership over a virtual body part during visuomotor inconsistencies, with or without the aid of concomitant visuo-tactile stimulations. From a first-person perspective, participants watched a virtual tube moving or an avatar's arm moving, with or without concomitant synchronous visuo-tactile stimulations on their hand...
January 1, 2018: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469212/administrative-reform-and-pay-for-performance-methods-of-primary-health-service-delivery-a-comparison-of-3-health-districts-in-cambodia-2006-2012
#19
Keovathanak Khim, Rohan Jayasuriya, Peter Leslie Annear
Since 1999, performance-based financing or pay-for-performance (P4P) methods have been piloted in the Cambodian public health sector, first as one part of external contracting approaches with international nongovernment organizations and from 2009 as a part of internal contracting arrangements between units within the Ministry of Health under a wider public sector administrative reform. This study analyses these reforms and compares outcomes in 3 health districts. The study analysed routine quantitative data for primary care service delivery by using the interrupted time series method...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431185/how-high-schools-become-empowering-communities-a-mixed-method-explanatory-inquiry-into-youth-adult-partnership-and-school-engagement
#20
Shepherd Zeldin, Josset Sky Gauley, Alexandra Barringer, Brie Chapa
Educational reform efforts emphasize empowerment and engagement, but these concepts are rarely translated into policy or classroom practice. This inquiry explores how schools can become places where students take ownership over their own learning. Phase 1 of this inquiry, a survey of students from diverse high schools, examines pathways to school engagement. Results indicated that youth voice in decision-making, particularly when the experience is situated within supportive adult relationships and a sense of safety, significantly predicts emotional and cognitive engagement...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
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