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Cardiac prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922257/european-implementation-of-the-2014-esc-esa-guideline-on-non-cardiac-surgery-cardiovascular-assessment-and-management
#1
Lena Koers, Wolfgang S Schlack, Markus W Hollmann, Stefan DE Hert, Benedikt Preckel
BACKGROUND: Substandard implementation of a guideline is a major factor contributing to poor guideline adherence and has the potential to result in preventable patient harm. This study aims to quantify the uptake of the European guideline on non-cardiac surgery1,2 by European anaesthetists. METHODS: This is a questionnaire-based cross-sectional study. Data was collected during Euroanaesthesia, the annual congresses of the Dutch Society of Anaesthesiology, European Association of Cardiothoracic Anaesthesiologists and European Society for Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therapy in 2015...
December 6, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920834/trends-and-determinant-factors-in-the-use-of-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-devices-in-japan-analysis-of-the-japan-cardiac-device-treatment-registry-database
#2
Hisashi Yokoshiki, Akihiko Shimizu, Takeshi Mitsuhashi, Hiroshi Furushima, Yukio Sekiguchi, Tetsuyuki Manaka, Nobuhiro Nishii, Takeshi Ueyama, Norishige Morita, Takashi Nitta, Ken Okumura
BACKGROUND: The choice of cardiac resynchronization therapy device, with (CRT-D) or without (CRT-P) a defibrillator, in patients with heart failure largely depends on the physician׳s discretion, because it has not been established which subjects benefit most from a defibrillator. METHODS: We examined the annual trend of CRT device implantations between 2006 and 2014, and evaluated the factors related to the device selection (CRT-D or CRT-P) for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death in patients with heart failure by analyzing the Japan Cardiac Device Treatment Registry (JCDTR) database from January 2011 and August 2015 (CRT-D, n=2714; CRT-P, n=555)...
December 2016: Journal of Arrhythmia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920335/prevention-of-sudden-cardiac-death-by-the-wearable-cardioverter-defibrillator-in-a-young-patient-with-cardiac-sarcoidosis
#3
René Andrié, Florian C Gaertner, Dirk Skowasch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2016: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919338/effects-of-ionizing-radiation-on-the-heart
#4
Marjan Boerma, Vijayalakshmi Sridharan, Xiao-Wen Mao, Gregory A Nelson, Amrita K Cheema, Igor Koturbash, Sharda P Singh, Alan J Tackett, Martin Hauer-Jensen
This article provides an overview of studies addressing effects of ionizing radiation on the heart. Clinical studies have identified early and late manifestations of radiation-induced heart disease, a side effect of radiation therapy to tumors in the chest when all or part of the heart is situated in the radiation field. Studies in preclinical animal models have contributed to our understanding of the mechanisms by which radiation may injure the heart. More recent observations in human subjects suggest that ionizing radiation may have cardiovascular effects at lower doses than was previously thought...
October 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918725/prevention-and-monitoring-of-cardiac-dysfunction-in-survivors-of-adult-cancers-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-clinical-practice-guideline
#5
Saro H Armenian, Christina Lacchetti, Ana Barac, Joseph Carver, Louis S Constine, Neelima Denduluri, Susan Dent, Pamela S Douglas, Jean-Bernard Durand, Michael Ewer, Carol Fabian, Melissa Hudson, Mariell Jessup, Lee W Jones, Bonnie Ky, Erica L Mayer, Javid Moslehi, Kevin Oeffinger, Katharine Ray, Kathryn Ruddy, Daniel Lenihan
Purpose Cardiac dysfunction is a serious adverse effect of certain cancer-directed therapies that can interfere with the efficacy of treatment, decrease quality of life, or impact the actual survival of the patient with cancer. The purpose of this effort was to develop recommendations for prevention and monitoring of cardiac dysfunction in survivors of adult-onset cancers. Methods Recommendations were developed by an expert panel with multidisciplinary representation using a systematic review (1996 to 2016) of meta-analyses, randomized clinical trials, observational studies, and clinical experience...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917928/renal-denervation-improves-the-baroreflex-and-gaba-system-in-chronic-kidney-disease-induced-hypertension
#6
Hsin-Hung Chen, Pei-Wen Cheng, Wen-Yu Ho, Pei-Jung Lu, Chi-Cheng Lai, Yang-Ming Tseng, Hua-Chang Fang, Gwo-Ching Sun, Michael Hsiao, Chun-Peng Liu, Ching-Jiunn Tseng
Hypertensive rats with chronic kidney disease (CKD) exhibit enhanced gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)B receptor function and regulation within the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS). For CKD with hypertension, renal denervation (RD) interrupts the afferent renal sympathetic nerves, which are connecting to the NTS. The objective of the present study was to investigate how RD improves CKD-induced hypertension. Rats underwent 5/6 nephrectomy for 8 weeks, which induced CKD and hypertension. RD was induced by applying phenol to surround the renal artery in CKD...
December 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917792/potential-beneficial-effects-of-foot-bathing-on-cardiac-rhythm
#7
Duygu Aydin, Siti Sugih Hartiningsih, Melike Gokce Izgi, Sevgi Bay, Kubra Unlu, Meryem Ozlem Tatar, Ayse Melike Alparslan, Mohammed Ozeri, Senol Dane
PURPOSE: Foot bathing therapy is a simple technique that induces sensations of comfort and relaxation. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of foot bathing therapy on heart rate variability (HRV) parameters in a healthy population. METHODS: Participants were twenty healthy female subjects (median age=20.67 years, SD=1.04). The recording ECG was applied for 5 minutes before and for 5 minutes after foot bathing therapy of 10 minutes. Subjects rested for 10 minutes without recording ECG in order to stabilize autonomic parameters...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917341/the-effect-of-n-acetyl-cysteine-nac-on-aluminum-phosphide-poisoning-inducing-cardiovascular-toxicity-a-case-control-study
#8
Fakhreddin Taghaddosinejad, Esmaeil Farzaneh, Mahdi Ghazanfari-Nasrabad, Nastaran Eizadi-Mood, Morteza Hajihosseini, Omid Mehrpour
BACKGROUND: Aluminum phosphide (AlP) is a very effective indoor and outdoor pesticide. We investigated the effects of N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) on the survival time, hemodynamics, and cardiac biochemical parameters at various time intervals in some cases of AlP poisoning. METHODS: This research was a case-control study to evaluate 63 AlP poisoned patients during 2010-2012. Patients with cardiovascular complications of AlP to be treated with intravenous NAC plus conventional treatment were considered as the case group and compared with patients who did not receive NAC...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916778/predictive-value-of-qrs-duration-at-admission-for-in-hospital-clinical-outcome-of-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy
#9
Tetsuo Yamaguchi, Tsutomu Yoshikawa, Toshiaki Isogai, Takamichi Miyamoto, Yuichiro Maekawa, Tetsuro Ueda, Konomi Sakata, Tsutomu Murakami, Takeshi Yamamoto, Ken Nagao, Morimasa Takayama
BACKGROUND: Prolonged QRS duration (pQRSd) on electrocardiogram (ECG) is a strong predictor of poor outcome in heart failure, myocardial infarction, and myocarditis, but it is unclear whether pQRSd also predicts poor outcomes of takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC).Methods and Results:Between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2012, we retrospectively enrolled 299 patients with TC (mean age, 73.5±11.7 years; 21.4% male) from the Tokyo CCU Network database, which consists of 71 cardiovascular centers in the metropolitan area...
December 2, 2016: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916650/cardiac-oxidative-stress-in-diabetes-mechanisms-and-therapeutic-potential
#10
REVIEW
Alyssa Faria, Shanta J Persaud
Macrovascular complications of diabetes, including diabetic cardiovascular disease (CVD), occur through a number of hyperglycaemia-induced mechanisms that include generation of oxidative stress, accumulation of advanced glycation end-products (AGE) and activation of protein kinase C (PKC). Cardiac oxidative stress is associated with increased cardiac fibrosis and hypertrophy, and reduced cardiac performance and contractility, leading to severe cardiac dysfunction and potentially fatal cardiac events. It occurs under conditions of excessive synthesis of reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
December 1, 2016: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916032/-lung-transplantation-for-phase-%C3%A2-silicosis-a-series-of-32-cases
#11
W J Mao, J Y Chen, M F Zheng, R Chen, Y J He, F Liu, S G Ye, R G Lu
Objective: To evaluate the effect of lung transplantation for phase Ⅲ silicosis. Methods: From September 2002 to September 2015, 32 patients with end-stage silicosis underwent lung transplantation at Department of Thoracic Surgery, Affiliated Wuxi People's Hospital, Nanjing Medical University. There were 29 male and 3 female patients aged from 24 to 63 years. Thirty-two patients were diagnosed as phase Ⅲ silicosis by the local occupational disease prevention and control center. Fifteen patients were type Ⅰ respiratory failure and 17 patients were type Ⅱ...
December 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915963/kidney-transplant-recipients-requiring-critical-care-admission-within-one-year-of-transplant
#12
Okechukwu O Okidi, David Van Dellen, Cassandra Sobajo, Angela Summers, John R Greer, Titus Augustine
OBJECTIVES: Kidney transplant is the gold standard for treatment of renal failure. With the increasing age of the recipient population, which carries significant comorbidities, and the use of more marginal organs, there is potential for increased critical care admissions. In this study, we investigated the incidence, indications, and outcomes of patients admitted to critical care within 1 year of transplant. We also aimed to identify any precipitating factors or events that may trigger these admissions, as well as establish variables that could affect mortality...
December 2, 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914358/defining-the-role-of-perioperative-statin-treatment-in-patients-after-cardiac-surgery-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review-of-20-randomized-controlled-trials
#13
Xin Yuan, Jianlin Du, Qi Liu, Ling Zhang
BACKGROUND: Although statin use has been indicated to prevent atrial fibrillation in previous observational and experimental trials, the issue remains inadequately and insufficiently explored. We therefore performed this meta-analysis to evaluate the effects of perioperative statin therapy on complications and short-term prognosis following cardiac surgery. METHODS: A search of the PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane database of controlled trials was performed from inception to June 2016 to identify relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914158/causes-of-death-in-an-acute-psychiatric-inpatient-unit-of-a-portuguese-general-hospital
#14
Sofia Barbosa, Márcia Sequeira, Sara Castro, Rita Manso, Catarina Klut Câmara, Bruno Trancas, Nuno Borja-Santos, Teresa Maia
INTRODUCTION: Psychiatric patients are at increased risk of death from a number of natural and unnatural causes. This study examines the mortality causes of all psychiatric inpatients of an acute psychiatric unit at a general hospital in Portugal for sixteen years (1998 to 2013). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-one inpatients died at the inpatient unit between 1998 and 2013 (average 1.3 per year). A retrospective study through case-file review was carried to collect demographic characteristics, medical and psychiatry diagnosis...
August 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912864/clinical-and-epidemiological-aspects-of-scorpionism-in-the-world-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Maria S V Santos, Cláudio G L Silva, Basílio Silva Neto, Cícero R P Grangeiro Júnior, Victor H G Lopes, Antônio G Teixeira Júnior, Deryk A Bezerra, João V C P Luna, Josué B Cordeiro, Jucier Gonçalves Júnior, Marcos A P Lima
OBJECTIVE: Scorpion stings are registered worldwide, but the incidence and the features of the envenomations vary depending on the region. The aim of this review was to summarize the epidemiological, clinical, diagnostic, and therapeutic data worldwide regarding humans stung by scorpions. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted through the online databases of the Virtual Health Library (VHL), which hosts Medline and the Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Informational (LILACS) database...
December 2016: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912774/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-health-related-quality-of-life-between-men-and-women-5%C3%A2-years-after-a-coronary-angiography
#16
Anastase Tchicaya, Nathalie Lorentz
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to measure gender differences in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among men and women patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD), and to assess the impact of socioeconomic factors on HRQOL between men and women, 5 years after a coronary angiography. METHODS: The study included 1,289 out of 4,391 patients who had undergone an angiography in the National Institute for Cardiac Surgery and Interventional Cardiology, Luxembourg in 2008/2009...
December 3, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912070/cardiac-complications-associated-with-the-influenza-viruses-a-subtype-h7n9-or-pandemic-h1n1-in-critically-ill-patients-under-intensive-care
#17
Jiajia Wang, Hua Xu, Xinjing Yang, Daguo Zhao, Shenlang Liu, Xue Sun, Jian-An Huang, Qiang Guo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The clinical presentations and disease courses of patients hospitalized with either influenza A virus subtype H7N9 (H7N9) or 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza virus (pH1N1) were compared in a recent report, but associated cardiac complications remain unclear. The present retrospective study investigated whether cardiac complications in critically ill patients with H7N9 infections differed from those infected with the pH1N1 strain. METHODS: Suspect cases were confirmed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction assays with specific confirmation of the pandemic H1N1 strain at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention...
November 29, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910804/sudden-cardiac-death-a-nationwide-cohort-study-among-the-young
#18
Bjarke Risgaard
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a tragic event affecting millions of individuals worldwide. Although several studies have investigated the epidemiology of SCD, these studies may have been affected by reporting and referral biases, which are reflected in the very different incidence rates and causes of deaths that have previously been reported. Among SCD victims aged < 36 years, inherited cardiac diseases are well known to play an important role. However, the extent to which inherited cardiac diseases also play a role in SCD victims aged < 50 years has not been completely described...
December 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910780/naringenin-ameliorates-doxorubicin-toxicity-and-hypoxic-condition-in-dalton-s-lymphoma-ascites-tumor-mouse-model-evidence-from-electron-paramagnetic-resonance-imaging
#19
Venkatesan Kathiresan, Swathika Subburaman, Arun Venkatesh Krishna, Mathivanan Natarajan, Gandhidasan Rathinasamy, Kumaresan Ganesan, Murugesan Ramachandran
Doxorubicin (DOX) is a well-known cytotoxic agent used extensively as a chemotherapeutic drug to eradicate a wide variety of human cancers. Reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated oxidative stress during DOX treatment can induce cardiac, renal, and hepatic toxicities, which can constrain its use as a potential cytotoxic agent. The present work investigates the antioxidant potential of naringenin (NAR) against DOXinduced toxicities of a Dalton's lymphoma ascites (DLA) tumor-bearing mouse model. Mice were randomized into four groups: a negative control, positive control, DOX (2...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909891/canola-oil-rich-in-oleic-acid-improves-diastolic-heart-function-in-diet-induced-obese-rats
#20
Sijo Joseph Thandapilly, Pema Raj, Xavier Lieben Louis, Danielle Perera, Prasanga Yamanagedara, Peter Zahradka, Carla G Taylor, Thomas Netticadan
Obesity is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease. It directly affects heart structure and function and contributes to heart failure. Diet is a major factor involved in the development of obesity along with genetic factors. We examined the effects of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acid-rich oils on cardiac structure and function in the diet-induced rodent model of obesity (DIO). Obese prone (OP) rats were fed a high-fat diet (HF; 55% of kcal) for 12 weeks; Sprague-Dawley rats fed commercial chow served as control...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
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