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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325024/balance-quality-assessment-as-an-early-indicator-of-physical-frailty-in-older-people
#1
Aly Chkeir, Doha Safieddine, D Bera, M Collart, J L Novella, M Drame, David J Hewson, Jacques Duchene
Frailty is an increasingly common geriatric condition that results in an increased risk of adverse health outcomes such as falls. The most widely-used means of detecting frailty is the Fried phenotype, which includes several objective measures such as grip strength and gait velocity. One method of screening for falls is to measure balance, which can be done by a range of techniques including the assessment of the Centre of Pressure (CoP) during a balance assessment. The Balance Quality Tester (BQT) is a device based on a commercial bathroom scale that can evaluate balance quality...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324317/anxiety-and-depression-symptoms-and-migraine-a-symptom-based-approach-research
#2
Mario Fernando Prieto Peres, Juliane P P Mercante, Patricia R Tobo, Helder Kamei, Marcelo Eduardo Bigal
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and mood disorders have been shown to be the most relevant psychiatric comorbidities associated with migraine, influencing its clinical course, treatment response, and clinical outcomes. Limited information is available on how specific anxiety and depression symptoms are related to migraine. Symptoms-based approach, a current trend in mental health research, may improve our understanding in migraine comorbidity. The purpose of this study was to analyze how anxiety and depression aspects are related to migraine through a symptom-based approach...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324226/tobacco-cessation-counseling-attitudes-and-practices-among-yemeni-dental-professionals
#3
Sadeq Ali Al-Maweri, Walid A Al-Soneidar, Amer AlMaqtari, Abdulrahman Hunaish, Ghadah Al-Sufyani, Esam Halboub
Tobacco use is a significant health problem in Yemen and worldwide. Dental practitioners can play a pivotal role in educating their patients on the risk of smoking and motivating them to quit. This study aimed to assess the attitudes towards and practices of tobacco cessation counseling (TCC) among Yemeni dental professionals and to evaluate whether such attitudes and practices are associated with gender, smoking status, and years since graduation. In this cross-sectional study, a self-administered questionnaire containing questions regarding the practice and attitudes towards TCC in dental clinic was used...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323984/trimester-specific-urinary-bisphenol-a-concentrations-and-blood-glucose-levels-among-pregnant-women-from-a-fertility-clinic
#4
Yu-Han Chiu, Lidia Mínguez-Alarcón, Jennifer B Ford, Myra Keller, Ellen W Seely, Carmen Messerlian, John Petrozza, Paige L Williams, Xiaoyun Ye, Antonia M Calafat, Russ Hauser, Tamarra James-Todd
Context: Women with a history of infertility are at increased risk of impaired glucose tolerance during pregnancy. Studies suggest higher urinary bisphenol A (BPA) concentrations are associated with diabetes in non-pregnant populations, but the association between BPA and glucose levels among pregnant women is unclear. Objective: To assess trimester-specific urinary BPA concentrations in relation to blood glucose levels among subfertile women. Design: Environment and Reproductive Health Study, an ongoing prospective cohort study...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323905/elevated-plasma-levels-of-cardiac-troponin-i-predict-left-ventricular-systolic-dysfunction-in-patients-with-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1-a-multicentre-cohort-follow-up-study
#5
Mark J Hamilton, Yvonne Robb, Sarah Cumming, Helen Gregory, Alexis Duncan, Monika Rahman, Anne McKeown, Catherine McWilliam, John Dean, Alison Wilcox, Maria E Farrugia, Anneli Cooper, Josephine McGhie, Berit Adam, Richard Petty, Cheryl Longman, Iain Findlay, Alan Japp, Darren G Monckton, Martin A Denvir
OBJECTIVE: High sensitivity plasma cardiac troponin-I (cTnI) is emerging as a strong predictor of cardiac events in a variety of settings. We have explored its utility in patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1). METHODS: 117 patients with DM1 were recruited from routine outpatient clinics across three health boards. A single measurement of cTnI was made using the ARCHITECT STAT Troponin I assay. Demographic, ECG, echocardiographic and other clinical data were obtained from electronic medical records...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323856/risk-factors-for-esbl-producing-escherichia-coli-on-pig-farms-a-longitudinal-study-in-the-context-of-reduced-use-of-antimicrobials
#6
Wietske Dohmen, Alejandro Dorado-García, Marc J M Bonten, Jaap A Wagenaar, Dik Mevius, Dick J J Heederik
The presence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-E. coli) in food animals is a public health concern. This study aimed to determine prevalence of ESBL-E. coli on pig farms and to assess the effect of reducing veterinary antimicrobial use (AMU) and farm management practices on ESBL-E. coli occurrence on pig farms. During 2011-2013, 36 Dutch conventional pig farms participated in a longitudinal study (4 sampling times in 18 months). Rectal swabs were taken from 60 pigs per farm and pooled per 6 pigs within the same age category...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323832/age-related-cognitive-decline-and-associations-with-sex-education-and-apolipoprotein-e-genotype-across-ethnocultural-groups-and-geographic-regions-a-collaborative-cohort-study
#7
Darren M Lipnicki, John D Crawford, Rajib Dutta, Anbupalam Thalamuthu, Nicole A Kochan, Gavin Andrews, M Fernanda Lima-Costa, Erico Castro-Costa, Carol Brayne, Fiona E Matthews, Blossom C M Stephan, Richard B Lipton, Mindy J Katz, Karen Ritchie, Jacqueline Scali, Marie-Laure Ancelin, Nikolaos Scarmeas, Mary Yannakoulia, Efthimios Dardiotis, Linda C W Lam, Candy H Y Wong, Ada W T Fung, Antonio Guaita, Roberta Vaccaro, Annalisa Davin, Ki Woong Kim, Ji Won Han, Tae Hui Kim, Kaarin J Anstey, Nicolas Cherbuin, Peter Butterworth, Marcia Scazufca, Shuzo Kumagai, Sanmei Chen, Kenji Narazaki, Tze Pin Ng, Qi Gao, Simone Reppermund, Henry Brodaty, Antonio Lobo, Raúl Lopez-Anton, Javier Santabárbara, Perminder S Sachdev
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dementia varies around the world, potentially contributed to by international differences in rates of age-related cognitive decline. Our primary goal was to investigate how rates of age-related decline in cognitive test performance varied among international cohort studies of cognitive aging. We also determined the extent to which sex, educational attainment, and apolipoprotein E ε4 allele (APOE*4) carrier status were associated with decline. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We harmonized longitudinal data for 14 cohorts from 12 countries (Australia, Brazil, France, Greece, Hong Kong, Italy, Japan, Singapore, Spain, South Korea, United Kingdom, United States), for a total of 42,170 individuals aged 54-105 y (42% male), including 3...
March 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323768/use-of-cardiovascular-age-for-assessing-risks-and-benefits-of-menopausal-hormone-therapy
#8
Richard J Santen
The Women's Health Initiative studies and others have suggested that menopausal hormone therapy may enhance the risk of new cardiovascular (CV) events in older women and diminish the development of coronary atherosclerosis in younger women. The underlying mechanisms to explain these findings are encapsulated in the term "Timing Hypothesis." Extensive pathophysiologic studies have provided mechanistic evidence for the dichotomous effects of estrogen on coronary artery vasculature. Early in the atherosclerotic disease process, estrogen exerts protective effects on the endothelium and retards plaque formation...
March 20, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323624/conventional-or-natural-pharmacotherapy-and-the-prevalence-of-anxiety-and-depression-during-menopause
#9
Dorota Kopciuch, Anna Paczkowska, Tomasz Zaprutko, Michał Michalak, Elżbieta Nowakowska
Context • Psychoneurological symptoms are present in nearly all women in the perimenopausal period. Key elements of care in the period may include hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Alternatively, phytoestrogens, antidepressant pharmacotherapy, or a combination of hormonal and antidepressant therapies may be recommended. Objective • The study intended to verify whether women who are menopausal believe that a reduction in their symptoms of anxiety and depression depends on the type of pharmacotherapy used...
March 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323466/sexual-assault-victimization-and-mental-health-treatment-suicide-attempts-and-career-outcomes-among-women-in-the-us-army
#10
Anthony J Rosellini, Amy E Street, Robert J Ursano, Wai Tat Chiu, Steven G Heeringa, John Monahan, James A Naifeh, Maria V Petukhova, Ben Y Reis, Nancy A Sampson, Paul D Bliese, Murray B Stein, Alan M Zaslavsky, Ronald C Kessler
OBJECTIVES: To examine associations of administratively recorded sexual assault victimization during military service with subsequent mental health and negative career outcomes among US Army women controlling for nonrandom victimization exposure. METHODS: We used data from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers to apply propensity score methods to match all 4238 female Regular Army soldiers with administratively recorded sexual assault victimization during 2004 to 2009 to 5 controls per case with similar composite victimization risk...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320132/early-markers-of-kidney-dysfunction-and-cognitive-impairment-among-older-adults
#11
Yudan Wei, Yinan Kevin Wei, Jianmin Zhu
BACKGROUND: Age-related decline in kidney function can be an important risk factor for cognitive impairment in older adults. In this study, we examined several kidney function measures for the association with cognitive function in older adults in hope to identify early and sensitive markers that can be used for the detection or screening for cognitive impairment. METHODS: A total of 1982 older participants (aged ≥60years) in the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey was analyzed for the association between kidney function and cognitive impairment using multivariate logistic regression and general linear models...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319997/intradiscal-glucocorticoid-injection-for-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-associated-with-active-discopathy-a-randomized-trial
#12
Christelle Nguyen, Isabelle Boutron, Gabriel Baron, Katherine Sanchez, Clémence Palazzo, Raphaël Benchimol, Guillaume Paris, Étienne James-Belin, Marie-Martine Lefèvre-Colau, Johann Beaudreuil, Jean-Denis Laredo, Anne Béra-Louville, Anne Cotten, Jean-Luc Drapé, Antoine Feydy, Philippe Ravaud, François Rannou, Serge Poiraudeau
Background: Active discopathy is associated with a specific phenotype of chronic low back pain (LBP). Local inflammation has a role in active discopathy-associated symptoms. Objective: To assess the efficacy of a single glucocorticoid intradiscal injection (GC IDI) in patients with chronic LBP with active discopathy. Design: Prospective, parallel-group, double-blind, randomized, controlled study. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00804531). Setting: 3 tertiary care centers in France...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319813/the-clinical-implications-of-legalizing-marijuana-are-physician-and-non-physician-providers-prepared
#13
Elizabeth Brooks, Doris C Gundersen, Erin Flynn, Ashley Brooks-Russell, Sheana Bull
INTRODUCTION: Passage of voter-driven marijuana reform laws signals a shift in public attitudes for marijuana use. For providers, legalization may necessitate practice modifications, particularly regarding patient-provider conversations about use and risk. We examined healthcare providers' knowledge of marijuana laws and health implications, professional practice behaviors, and attitudes about training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We surveyed 114 Colorado-based providers who care for children, adolescents, pregnant and breastfeeding women using a Venue-Day-Time survey methodology throughout Colorado...
March 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319747/integration-of-in-silico-methods-and-computational-systems-biology-to-explore-endocrine-disrupting-chemical-binding-with-nuclear-hormone-receptors
#14
P Ruiz, A Sack, M Wampole, S Bobst, M Vracko
Thousands of potential endocrine-disrupting chemicals present difficult regulatory challenges. Endocrine-disrupting chemicals can interfere with several nuclear hormone receptors associated with a variety of adverse health effects. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) has released its reviews of Tier 1 screening assay results for a set of pesticides in the Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program (EDSP), and recently, the Collaborative Estrogen Receptor Activity Prediction Project (CERAPP) data...
March 9, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319715/small-area-spatiotemporal-analysis-of-heatwave-impacts-on-elderly-mortality-in-paris-a-cluster-analysis-approach
#15
Tarik Benmarhnia, Wahida Kihal-Talantikite, Martina S Ragettli, Séverine Deguen
BACKGROUND: Heat-waves have a substantial public health burden. Understanding spatial heterogeneity at a fine spatial scale in relation to heat and related mortality is central to target interventions towards vulnerable communities. OBJECTIVES: To determine the spatial variability of heat-wave-related mortality risk among elderly in Paris, France at the census block level. We also aimed to assess area-level social and environmental determinants of high mortality risk within Paris...
March 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319714/occupational-exposure-of-firefighters-to-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-non-fire-work-environments
#16
Marta Oliveira, Klara Slezakova, Adília Fernandes, João Paulo Teixeira, Cristina Delerue-Matos, Maria do Carmo Pereira, Simone Morais
This work aims to characterize personal exposure of firefighters to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in non-fire work environments (fire stations), and assesses the respective risks. Eighteen PAHs (16 considered by USEPA as priority pollutants, dibenzo[a,l]pyrene and benzo[j]fluoranthene) were monitored in breathing zones of workers at five Portuguese fire stations during a normal shift. The obtained levels of PAHs fulfilled all existent occupational exposure limits as well as air quality guidelines with total concentrations (ΣPAHs) in range of 46...
March 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319589/exercise-improves-v-combining-dot-above-o-2max-and-body-composition-in-adt-treated-prostate-cancer-patients
#17
Bradley A Wall, Daniel A Galvão, Naeem Fatehee, Dennis R Taaffe, Nigel Spry, David Joseph, Jeffrey J Hebert, Robert U Newton
INTRODUCTION: Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men and patients treated with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) experience unfavourbale changes in body composition and associated metabolic complications, which can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. We examined the effect of a 6-month program of aerobic and resistance exercise aimed at improving body composition and cardiorespiratory health in this population. METHODS: Ninety-seven men (43-90 years) with localized prostate cancer receiving ADT were randomized to either exercise (EX, n=50) or usual care (CON, n=47)...
March 18, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319545/systemic-lupus-erythematosus-is-associated-with-increased-adverse-postoperative-renal-outcomes-and-mortality-a-historical-cohort-study-using-administrative-health-data
#18
Rovnat Babazade, Huseyin Oguz Yilmaz, Steve M Leung, Nicole M Zimmerman, Alparslan Turan
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a common autoimmune connective tissue disease that mainly harms kidneys, heart, lungs, and nervous system. Effects of surgical stimulus and anesthesia combined with SLE-related pathologies may increase morbidity and mortality. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the association between SLE (versus none) and postoperative renal, cardiac, and in-hospital mortality complications among patients undergoing major surgeries. METHODS: We obtained censuses of 2009 to 2011 inpatient hospital discharges across 7 states and conducted a retrospective cohort study by using International Classification of Diseases and Injuries, Version 9, diagnosis codes, procedure codes, and present-on-admission indicators...
April 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319319/association-between-religious-practice-and-risk-of-depression-in-older-people-in-the-subacute-setting
#19
Alice Lac, Nicole Austin, Renata Lemke, Suma Poojary, Peter Hunter
OBJECTIVE: To identify the association between religious practice and risk of depression in older people admitted to a subacute hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 100 patients aged ≥65 years with Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores ≥24 consecutively admitted to a subacute hospital. Religious practice was measured using the Duke University Religion Index and risk of depression using the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS)...
March 20, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318912/less-liver-fibrosis-in-metabolically-healthy-compared-with-metabolically-unhealthy-obese-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#20
Y Gutiérrez-Grobe, E Juárez-Hernández, B A Sánchez-Jiménez, M H Uribe-Ramos, M H Ramos-Ostos, M Uribe, N C Chávez-Tapia
AIM: This cross-sectional study evaluated liver fibrosis in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and compared the characteristics of metabolically healthy obese (MHO) with metabolically unhealthy obese (MUHO) patients. METHODS: The study was nested within a randomized clinical trial (RCT) and included obese patients with NAFLD, as determined by liver ultrasonography. Fibrosis was assessed by transient elastography, and AST-to-platelet ratio index (APRI) and NAFLD score...
March 16, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism
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