keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Respiratory sinus arrhythmia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418684/slow-yogic-breathing-and-long-term-cardiac-autonomic-adaptations-a-pilot-study
#1
Suzanne M Bertisch, Jason Hamner, J Andrew Taylor
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether long-term practice of yogic breathing alters cardiac autonomic control. DESIGN: Age-sex matched, cross-sectional, physiologic pilot study. SETTINGS/LOCATION: Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Cardiovascular Laboratory, Cambridge, MA. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-six (26) long-term yoga practitioners and 26 age- and sex-matched controls, free of cardiovascular disease. OUTCOME: Cardiac vagal outflow as assessed by respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA)...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376342/children-s-behavioral-inhibition-and-anxiety-disorder-symptom-severity-the-role-of-individual-differences-in-respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia
#2
Andres G Viana, Cara A Palmer, Michael J Zvolensky, Candice A Alfano, Laura J Dixon, Elizabeth M Raines
Although behavioral inhibition (BI) is clearly identified as a temperamental risk factor for childhood anxiety psychopathology, much less is known about whether the strength of this association may vary as a function of parasympathetic nervous system regulation in children with anxiety disorders. To build upon extant research in this area, the present study examined whether respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) can explicate the conditions in which BI is linked to increased symptom severity among anxiety-disordered children (N = 44; M = 9...
June 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369889/maternal-rearing-environment-impacts-autonomic-nervous-system-activity
#3
Eliza Bliss-Moreau, Gilda Moadab, John P Capitanio
While it is now well known that social deprivation during early development permanently perturbs affective responding, accumulating evidence suggests that less severe restriction of the early social environment may also have deleterious effects. In the present report, we evaluate the affective responding of rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) infants raised by their mothers in restricted social environments or by their mothers in large social groups by indexing autonomic nervous system activity. Following a 25-hr evaluation of biobehavioral organization, electrocardiogram, and an index of respiration were recorded for 10 min...
April 3, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358561/influences-of-oxytocin-and-respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia-on-emotions-and-social-behavior-in-daily-life
#4
Suzannah F Isgett, Bethany E Kok, Blazej M Baczkowski, Sara B Algoe, Karen M Grewen, Barbara L Fredrickson
The literature concerning biological influences on positive social behavior shows that, in nonthreatening contexts, tonic oxytocin (OT) and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) each predict positive, affiliative behaviors toward certain others and are associated with positive health outcomes. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the degree to which the positive affiliative correlates of OT and RSA can be distinguished when observed at the level of everyday life events. A sample of midlife adults (N = 73) provided tonic indices of these biological characteristics, as well as perceptions of a variety of common life events alongside reports of their emotions during those events...
March 30, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334441/flexible-parasympathetic-responses-to-sadness-facilitate-spontaneous-affect-regulation
#5
Jonathan P Stange, Jessica L Hamilton, David M Fresco, Lauren B Alloy
The ability of the parasympathetic nervous system to flexibly adapt to changes in environmental context is thought to serve as a physiological indicator of self-regulatory capacity, and deficits in parasympathetic flexibility appear to characterize affective disorders such as depression. However, whether parasympathetic flexibility (vagal withdrawal to emotional or environmental challenges such as sadness, and vagal augmentation during recovery from sadness) could facilitate the effectiveness of adaptive affect regulation strategies is not known...
March 23, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326533/dysregulated-fear-social-inhibition-and-respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia-a%C3%A2-replication-and-extension
#6
Kristin A Buss, Elizabeth L Davis, Nilam Ram, Michael Coccia
Behavioral inhibition indicates increased risk for development of social anxiety. Recent work has identified a pattern of dysregulated fear (DF), characterized by high fear in low-threat situations, that provides a more precise marker of developmental risk through early childhood. This study tested a new longitudinal sample of children (n = 124) from ages 24 to 48 months. Replicating prior findings, at 24 months, we identified a pattern of fearful behavior across contexts marked by higher fear to putatively low-threat situations...
March 21, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319849/the-association-between-three-major-physiological-stress-systems-and-oxidative-dna-and-lipid-damage
#7
Catherine N Black, Mariska Bot, Dóra Révész, Peter G Scheffer, Brenda Penninx
BACKGROUND: Increased activity of the three major physiological stress systems (immune-inflammatory system, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis [HPA-axis], and autonomic nervous system [ANS]) is part of the pathophysiology of various somatic and psychiatric diseases. Oxidative damage is a key mechanism in both ageing and disease. Elucidating the relationship between these stress systems and oxidative damage would contribute to the understanding of the role of physiological stress in disease...
March 6, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295263/preschoolers-genetic-physiological-and-behavioral-sensitivity-factors-moderate-links-between-parenting-stress-and-child-internalizing-externalizing-and-sleep-problems
#8
Molly Davis, Kristel Thomassin, Joanie Bilms, Cynthia Suveg, Anne Shaffer, Steven R H Beach
This study examined three potential moderators of the relations between maternal parenting stress and preschoolers' adjustment problems: a genetic polymorphism-the short allele of the serotonin transporter (5-HTTLPR, ss/sl allele) gene, a physiological indicator-children's baseline respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), and a behavioral indicator-mothers' reports of children's negative emotionality. A total of 108 mothers (Mage  = 30.68 years, SDage  = 6.06) reported on their parenting stress as well as their preschoolers' (Mage  = 3...
May 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286370/interaction-between-prenatal-maternal-stress-and-autonomic-arousal-in-predicting-conduct-problems-and-psychopathic-traits-in-children
#9
Yu Gao, Yonglin Huang, Xiaobo Li
BACKGROUND: Evidence has suggested that neurobiological deficits combine with psychosocial risk factors to impact on the development of antisocial behavior. The current study concentrated on the interplay of prenatal maternal stress and autonomic arousal in predicting antisocial behavior and psychopathic traits. METHODS: Prenatal maternal stress was assessed by caregiver's retrospective report, and resting heart rate and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) were measured in 295 8- to 10-year-old children...
March 2017: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283846/intervention-for-anxiety-and-problem-behavior-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-intellectual-disability
#10
Lauren J Moskowitz, Caitlin E Walsh, Emile Mulder, Darlene Magito McLaughlin, Greg Hajcak, Edward G Carr, Jennifer R Zarcone
There is little research on the functional assessment and treatment of anxiety and related problem behavior in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), particularly those with intellectual and developmental disability (IDD). In a recent study, we evaluated a multimethod strategy for assessing anxiety in children with ASD and IDD (Am J Intellect Dev Disabil 118:419-434, 2013). In the present study, we developed treatments for the anxiety and associated problem behavior in these same children. A multiple baseline design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention package, incorporating individualized strategies from Positive Behavior Support and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278737/the-tell-tale-heart-physiological-reactivity-during-resolution-of-ambiguity-in-youth-anxiety
#11
Michelle Rozenman, Allison Vreeland, Marisela Iglesias, Melissa Mendez, John Piacentini
In the past decade, cognitive biases and physiological arousal have each been proposed as mechanisms through which paediatric anxiety develops and is maintained over time. Preliminary studies have found associations between anxious interpretations of ambiguity, physiological arousal, and avoidance, supporting theories that link cognition, psychophysiology, and behaviour. However, little is known about the relationship between youths' resolutions of ambiguity and physiological arousal during acute stress. Such information may have important clinical implications for use of verbal self-regulation strategies and cognitive restructuring during treatments for paediatric anxiety...
February 16, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262932/nonrandom-acts-of-kindness-parasympathetic-and-subjective-empathic-responses-to-sadness-predict-children-s-prosociality
#12
Jonas G Miller, Jacob N Nuselovici, Paul D Hastings
How does empathic physiology unfold as a dynamic process, and which aspect of empathy predicts children's kindness? In response to empathy induction videos, 4- to 6-year-old children (N = 180) showed an average pattern of dynamic respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) change characterized by early RSA suppression, followed by RSA recovery, and modest subsequent suppression during positive resolution of the empathic event. Children's capacity for this pattern of flexible RSA change was associated with their subjective empathic feelings, which were concurrently associated with more sympathetic and prosocial responses to others...
November 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261792/parasympathetic-reactivity-and-disruptive-behavior-problems-in-young-children-during-interactions-with-their-mothers-and-other-adults-a-preliminary-investigation
#13
Christine E Cooper-Vince, Mariah DeSerisy, Danielle Cornacchio, Amanda Sanchez, Katie A McLaughlin, Jonathan S Comer
Parasympathetic nervous system influences on cardiac functions-commonly indexed via respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA)-are central to self-regulation. RSA suppression during challenging emotional and cognitive tasks is often associated with better emotional and behavioral functioning in preschoolers. However, the links between RSA suppression and child behavior across various challenging interpersonal contexts remains unclear. The present study experimentally evaluated the relationship between child RSA reactivity to adult (mother vs...
March 6, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251663/emotion-dysregulation-and-autonomic-responses-to-film-rumination-and-body-awareness-extending-psychophysiological-research-to-a-naturalistic-clinical-setting-and-a-chemically-dependent-female-sample
#14
Sheila E Crowell, Cynthia J Price, Megan E Puzia, Mona Yaptangco, Sunny Chieh Cheng
Substance use is a complex clinical problem characterized by emotion dysregulation and daily challenges that can interfere with laboratory research. Thus, few psychophysiological studies examine autonomic and self-report measures of emotion dysregulation with multidiagnostic, chemically dependent samples or extend this work into naturalistic settings. In this study, we used a within-subject design to examine changes in respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), electrodermal activity (EDA), and self-reported affect across three tasks designed to elicit distinct psychophysiological and emotional response patterns...
March 2, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249186/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-and-stress-related-biomarkers
#15
S W N Vogel, D Bijlenga, J Verduijn, T I Bron, A T F Beekman, J J S Kooij, B W J H Penninx
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined whether (a) Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms were associated with dysregulation of stress-related mechanisms, and (b) whether ADHD symptoms interact with affective disorders in their association with dysregulated stress-related mechanisms. METHODS: Data were obtained from 2307 subjects participating in the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety. Stress-related mechanisms were reflected by the following biomarkers: (1) hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis indicators (salivary cortisol awakening curve, evening cortisol, cortisol suppression after a 0...
May 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238817/the-relationship-between-maternal-responsivity-socioeconomic-status-and-resting-autonomic-nervous-system-functioning-in-mexican-american-children
#16
Megan Johnson, Julianna Deardorff, Elizabeth L Davis, William Martinez, Brenda Eskenazi, Abbey Alkon
Adversity, such as living in poor socioeconomic conditions during early childhood, can become embedded in children's physiology and deleteriously affect their health later in life. On the other hand, maternal responsivity may have adaptive effects on physiology during early childhood development. The current study tested both the additive and interactive effects of socioeconomic status (SES) and maternal responsivity measured at 1year of age on resting autonomic nervous system (ANS) function and trajectory during the first 5years of life...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191323/autonomic-imbalance-captures-maternal-and-fetal-circulatory-response-to-pre-eclampsia
#17
Igor Lakhno
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a gestational disease featured by hypertension, arterial systemic vasculopathy, multiple organ failure and fetal compromise. The aim of the investigation was to determine the role of maternal respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) in regulation of the fetal circulatory system in case of healthy pregnancy and in PE. METHODS: The investigation of maternal and fetal HRV and fetal CTG variables in 106 patients at 34-40 weeks of gestation was performed...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186496/ecg-derived-respiration-comparison-of-time-domain-approaches-and-application-to-altered-breathing-patterns-of-patients-with-schizophrenia
#18
Marcus Schmidt, Andy Schumann, Jonas Müller, Karl-Jürgen Bär, Georg Rose
In life-threatening diseases and in several clinical interventions, monitoring of vital parameters is essential to guarantee the safety of patients. Besides monitoring the electrocardiogram (ECG), it is helpful to assess respiratory activity. If the respiration signal itself is not recorded, it can be extracted from the ECG (i.e. ECG derived respiration, EDR). In the present paper, we compared six EDR approaches, namely RS-decline quantified by central moments, respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), R-wave amplitude, QRS area, RS-distance and maximum RS-slope...
February 10, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169914/cardiac-autonomic-function-and-hot-flashes-among-perimenopausal-and-postmenopausal-women
#19
Carolyn J Gibson, Wendy Berry Mendes, Michael Schembri, Deborah Grady, Alison J Huang
OBJECTIVE: Abnormalities in autonomic function are posited to play a pathophysiologic role in menopausal hot flashes. We examined relationships between resting cardiac autonomic activity and hot flashes in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women. METHODS: Autonomic function was assessed at baseline and 12 weeks among perimenopausal and postmenopausal women (n = 121, mean age 53 years) in a randomized trial of slow-paced respiration for hot flashes. Pre-ejection period (PEP), a marker of sympathetic activation, was measured with impedance cardiography...
February 6, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155224/symptomatic-inspiration-induced-atrio-ventricular-block-treated-with-pacemaker-implant
#20
Diego A Hoffmann, Andrés Nicolás Atamañuk, Graciela Aurora Ruiz, Raul Chirife, Maria Cristina Tentori, Simón Salzberg
BACKGROUND: The respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia. It consists of phasic variations of sinus cycle length produced by an autonomic reflex, and is characterized by increased heart rate during inspiration and decline in expiration. This phenomenon is due to a reduction of the parasympathetic tone during inspiration, causing a rise in the heart rate, while during expiration the opposite phenomenon occurs. This arrhythmia is more frequent in young adults, although it can also be seen in any age group...
February 3, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
keyword
keyword
37648
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"