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Respiratory sinus arrhythmia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624698/brief-mindfulness-training-de-couples-the-anxiogenic-effects-of-distress-intolerance-on-reactivity-to-and-recovery-from-stress-among-deprived-smokers
#1
Rotem Paz, Ariel Zvielli, Pavel Goldstein, Amit Bernstein
OBJECTIVE: We tested whether mindfulness de-couples the expected anxiogenic effects of distress intolerance on psychological and physiological reactivity to and recovery from an anxiogenic stressor among participants experimentally sensitized to experience distress. METHOD: N = 104 daily smokers underwent 18-hours of biochemically-verified smoking deprivation. Participants were then randomized to a 7-min analogue mindfulness intervention (present moment attention and awareness training; PMAA) or a cope-as-usual control condition; and subsequently exposed to a 2...
June 2, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616855/respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia-predicts-restricted-repetitive-behavior-severity
#2
Emma E Condy, Angela Scarpa, Bruce H Friedman
In addition to social communication deficits, restricted repetitive behaviors (RRBs) are a key diagnostic feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) in ASD has been posited as a mechanism of RRBs; however, most studies investigating ANS activity in ASD have focused on its relation to social functioning. This study used respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) patterns to measure ANS functioning and analyze its relation to RRBs in children with and without an ASD diagnosis...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581324/helping-yourself-helps-others-linking-children-s-emotion-regulation-to-prosocial-behavior-through-sympathy-and-trust
#3
Ju-Hyun Song, Tyler Colasante, Tina Malti
Although emotionally well-regulated children are more likely to behave prosocially, the psychological processes that connect their emotion regulation abilities and prosocial behavior are less clear. We tested if other-oriented sympathy and trust mediated the links between emotion regulation capacities (i.e., resting respiratory sinus arrhythmia [RSA], negative emotional intensity, and sadness regulation) and prosocial behavior in an ethnically diverse sample of 4- and 8-year-olds (N = 131; 49% girls). Resting RSA was calculated from children's electrocardiogram data in response to a nondescript video...
June 5, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577415/maternal-emotion-regulation-during-child-distress-child-anxiety-accommodation-and-links-between-maternal-and-child-anxiety
#4
Caroline E Kerns, Donna B Pincus, Katie A McLaughlin, Jonathan S Comer
Environmental contributions are thought to play a primary role in the familial aggregation of anxiety, but parenting influences remain poorly understood. We examined dynamic relations between maternal anxiety, maternal emotion regulation (ER) during child distress, maternal accommodation of child distress, and child anxiety. Mothers (N=45) of youth ages 3-8 years (M=4.8) participated in an experimental task during which they listened to a standardized audio recording of a child in anxious distress pleading for parental intervention...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573761/sex-differences-in-the-associations-between-vagal-reactivity-and-oppositional-defiant-disorder-symptoms
#5
Pablo Vidal-Ribas, Andrew Pickles, Florin Tibu, Helen Sharp, Jonathan Hill
BACKGROUND: Vagal reactivity to stress in children has been associated with future psychiatric outcomes. However, results have been mixed possibly because these effects are in opposite direction in boys and girls. These sex differences are relevant in the context of development of psychopathology, whereby the rates of psychiatric disorders differ by sex. In this study, we aimed to examine the association between vagal reactivity, assessed as a reduction in respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) in response to a challenge, and the development of future oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms in boys and girls...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567008/interoception-and-autonomic-correlates-during-social-interactions-implications-for-anorexia
#6
Marianna Ambrosecchia, Martina Ardizzi, Elisa Russo, Francesca Ditaranto, Maurizio Speciale, Piergiuseppe Vinai, Patrizia Todisco, Sandra Maestro, Vittorio Gallese
The aim of this study is to investigate the bodily-self in Restrictive Anorexia, focusing on two basic aspects related to the bodily self: autonomic strategies in social behavior, in which others' social desirability features, and social cues (e.g., gaze) are modulated, and interoception (i.e., the sensitivity to stimuli originating inside the body). Furthermore, since previous studies carried out on healthy individuals found that interoception seems to contribute to the autonomic regulation of social behavior, as measured by Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia (RSA), we aimed to explore this link in anorexia patients, whose ability to perceive their bodily signal seems to be impaired...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555956/physiological-functioning-moderates-infants-sensory-sensitivity-in-higher-conflict-families
#7
Micah A Mammen, Alex Busuito, Ginger A Moore, Kelsey M Quigley, Kim Kopenhaver Doheny
Children exposed to parent conflict may be at risk for emotional and behavioral disorders by becoming sensitized to conflict cues in their environments. This study explored possible precursors to negative child outcomes associated with parent conflict by examining the relation between parent conflict and infants' (N = 36; 23-42 weeks; 44% female) behavioral sensitivity to general sensory stimuli (e.g., loud noises, physical touch). To determine whether infants' characteristic autonomic arousal and regulation moderated this association, infant baseline skin conductance (SC) and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) were measured...
May 26, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554343/quantifying-respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia-effects-of-misspecifying-breathing-frequencies-across-development
#8
Tiffany M Shader, Lisa M Gatzke-Kopp, Sheila E Crowell, M Jamila Reid, Julian F Thayer, Michael W Vasey, Carolyn Webster-Stratton, Ziv Bell, Theodore P Beauchaine
Low resting respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), and to a lesser extent excessive RSA reactivity to emotion evocation, are observed in many psychiatric disorders characterized by emotion dysregulation, including syndromes spanning the internalizing and externalizing spectra, and other conditions such as nonsuicidal self-injury. Nevertheless, some inconsistencies exist. For example, null outcomes in studies of RSA-emotion dysregulation relations are sometimes observed among younger participants. Such findings may derive from use of age inappropriate frequency bands in calculating RSA...
May 30, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548307/developmental-cascade-and-transactional-associations-among-biological-and-behavioral-indicators-of-temperament-and-maternal-behavior
#9
Nicole B Perry, Jessica M Dollar, Susan D Calkins, Martha Ann Bell
An empirical model of temperament that assessed transactional and cascade associations between respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), negative affectivity, and the caregiving environment (i.e., maternal intrusiveness) across three time points during infancy (N = 388) was examined. Negative affectivity at 5 months was associated positively with maternal intrusiveness at 10 months, which in turn predicted increased negative affectivity at 24 months. RSA at 5 months was associated positively with negative affectivity at 10 months, which subsequently predicted greater RSA at 24 months...
May 26, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529391/getting-to-the-heart-of-personality-in-early-childhood-cardiac-electrophysiology-and-stability-of-temperament
#10
Mengjiao Li, Kirby Deater-Deckard, Susan D Calkins, Martha Ann Bell
Can detection of highly stable individual differences in temperament in early childhood be enhanced using measures of resting heart rate (HR) and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA)? The current longitudinal study (N = 216, 50% female; two to four years old) tested the statistical moderating effects of longitudinal change in resting HR and RSA on stability of mother-rated temperament. Children with the smallest decreases in resting HR and smallest increases in resting RSA had the most stable individual differences in effortful control...
April 2017: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527019/autonomic-arousal-in-anxious-and-typically-developing-youth-during-a-stressor-involving-error-feedback
#11
Michelle Rozenman, Alexandra Sturm, James T McCracken, John Piacentini
Anxiety has been proposed to influence psychophysiological reactivity in children and adolescents. However, the extant empirical literature has not always found physiological reactivity to be associated with anxiety in youth. Further, most investigations have not examined psychophysiological reactivity in real time over the course of acute stress. To test the impact of anxiety disorder status on autonomic arousal in youth, we compared youth with primary anxiety disorders (N = 24) to typically developing (TD) youth (N = 22) on heart rate (HR), heart rate variability (HRV), and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) during an acute stressor in which youth received error-related feedback...
May 19, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500423/physiological-self-regulation-buffers-the-relationship-between-impulsivity-and-externalizing-behaviors-among-nonclinical-adolescents
#12
Michelle A Kuhn, Joshua J Ahles, Jaclyn T Aldrich, Madeline D Wielgus, Amy H Mezulis
Trait impulsivity is a risk factor for rule breaking and aggressive (externalizing) behaviors among nonclinical youth. Buffers of trait-based risk are of practical interest to preventing externalizing behaviors. One such buffer may be the capacity and efforts of a child to self-regulate their physiology. Youth who possess baseline physiological self-regulatory capacities are more likely to maintain adaptive engagement with their environment and may be less prone to impulsively rule break or be aggressive. Similarly, youth who are able to use self-regulatory skills to calm their physiology in times of stress may be less likely to externalize distress...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493111/parasympathetic-regulation-and-inhibitory-control-predict-the-development-of-externalizing-problems-in-early-childhood
#13
Sarah Kahle, William T Utendale, Keith F Widaman, Paul D Hastings
The current report examined the longitudinal relations between cognitive self-regulation, physiological self-regulation, and externalizing problems. At age 4 (n = 98; 49 girls) and 6 (n = 87; 42 girls), children completed the Day-Night task, which taps the inhibitory control dimension of executive function. During the task, cardiac activity was measured and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) was derived as an index of parasympathetic activity. Mothers reported on externalizing problems. A cross-lagged path model was used to estimate longitudinal predictions while controlling for stability in all constructs over time...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481573/children-s-and-mothers-cardiovascular-reactivity-to-a-standardized-laboratory-stressor-unique-relations-with-maternal-anxiety-and-overcontrol
#14
Jessica L Borelli, Margaret L Burkhart, Hannah F Rasmussen, Patricia A Smiley, Gerhard Hellemann
Research documents bidirectional associations between parental overcontrol (OC) and children's anxiety; OC may place children at risk for anxiety and also may occur in response to children's requests for help. However, to date no studies have examined children's or parents' in-the-moment emotional responses to OC. Using a community sample of mothers and school-age children, we examine the individual and interactive influences of maternal OC, maternal anxiety, children's help-seeking, and children's anxiety in predicting physiological reactivity in response to a stressor faced by children and observed by mothers, predicting that for children of higher anxiety mothers, higher OC will be associated with increases in reactivity (decreases in respiratory sinus arrhythmia [RSA]), whereas for higher anxiety mothers themselves, engaging in OC will be associated with reductions in physiological reactivity (decreases in heart rate)...
May 8, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479668/sex-differences-in-the-contribution-of-respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia-and-trauma-to-children-s-psychopathology
#15
Sarah A O Gray, Katherine Theall, Rebecca Lipschutz, Stacy Drury
Respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), a marker of parasympathetic activity, has been shown to moderate the relation between adversity and child behavioral outcomes; however, this work has been conducted in primarily Caucasian samples and limited in focus to family-level adversity. The current analysis extends the previous literature to examine the co-contribution of exposure to potentially traumatic events (PTEs), baseline RSA, and RSA withdrawal to internalizing and externalizing behavior in a sample of primarily African American youth (n = 92) recruited using neighborhood mapping techniques from communities high in epidemiological indicators of adversity...
March 2017: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474618/respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia-as-a-non-invasive-index-of-brain-heart-interaction-in-stress
#16
REVIEW
Ingrid Tonhajzerova, Michal Mestanik, Andrea Mestanikova, Alexander Jurko
Respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) is accepted as a peripheral marker of cardiac-linked parasympathetic regulation. According to polyvagal theory, the RSA is also considered as the index of emotion regulation. The neurovisceral integration model posits that parasympathetic modulation of the heart marked by RSA is related to complex nervous regulation associated with emotional and cognitive processing. From this perspective, high resting RSA amplitude associated with a greater withdrawal during stressors and subsequent recovery could represent a flexible and adaptive physiological response system to a challenge...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469730/reduced-vagal-tone-in-women-with-the-fmr1-premutation-is-associated-with-fmr1-mrna-but-not-depression-or-anxiety
#17
Jessica Klusek, Giuseppe LaFauci, Tatyana Adayev, W Ted Brown, Flora Tassone, Jane E Roberts
BACKGROUND: Autonomic dysfunction is implicated in a range of psychological conditions, including depression and anxiety. The fragile X mental retardation-1 (FMR1) premutation is a common genetic mutation that affects ~1:150 women and is associated with psychological vulnerability. This study examined cardiac indicators of autonomic function among women with the FMR1 premutation and control women as potential biomarkers for psychological risk that may be linked to FMR1. METHODS: Baseline inter-beat interval and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (a measure of parasympathetic vagal tone) were measured in 35 women with the FMR1 premutation and 28 controls...
2017: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458616/assessing-biobehavioural-self-regulation-and-coregulation-in-early-childhood-the-parent-child-challenge-task
#18
Erika Lunkenheimer, Christine J Kemp, Rachel G Lucas-Thompson, Pamela M Cole, Erin C Albrecht
Researchers have argued for more dynamic and contextually relevant measures of regulatory processes in interpersonal interactions. In response, we introduce and examine the effectiveness of a new task, the Parent-Child Challenge Task, designed to assess the self-regulation and coregulation of affect, goal-directed behavior, and physiology in parents and their preschoolers in response to an experimental perturbation. Concurrent and predictive validity was examined via relations with children's externalizing behaviors...
January 2017: Infant and Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455405/respiration-driven-excessive-sinus-tachycardia-treated-with-clonidine
#19
Matthew Emile Li Kam Wa, Patricia Taraborrelli, Sajad Hayat, Phang Boon Lim
A 26-year-old man presented to our syncope service with debilitating daily palpitations, shortness of breath, presyncope and syncope following a severe viral respiratory illness 4 years previously. Mobitz type II block had previously been identified, leading to a permanent pacemaker and no further episodes of frank syncope. Transthoracic echocardiography, electophysiological study and repeated urine metanepherines were normal. His palpitations and presyncope were reproducible on deep inspiration, coughing, isometric hand exercise and passive leg raises...
April 28, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449090/alcohol-consumption-sinus-tachycardia-and-cardiac-arrhythmias-at-the-munich-octoberfest-results-from-the-munich-beer-related-electrocardiogram-workup-study-munichbrew
#20
Stefan Brunner, Rebecca Herbel, Cathrine Drobesch, Annette Peters, Steffen Massberg, Stefan Kääb, Moritz F Sinner
Aims: Alcohol is a risk factor for cardiac arrhythmias. Retrospective analyses suggest supraventricular arrhythmias consecutive to acute alcohol consumption, but prospective data are limited. We intended to prospectively associate acute alcohol consumption with cardiac arrhythmias. Methods and results: At the 2015 Munich Octoberfest, we enrolled 3028 voluntary participants who received a smartphone-based ECG and breath alcohol concentration (BAC) measurements. ECGs were analysed for cardiac arrhythmias (sinus tachycardia, sinus arrhythmia, premature atrial/ventricular complexes, atrial fibrillation/flutter) and respiratory sinus arrhythmia...
April 25, 2017: European Heart Journal
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