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Non-neuropathic voiding disorders

C B Ching, S R Hays, T R Luckett, M D Mason, D B Clayton, S T Tanaka, J C Thomas, M C Adams, J W Brock, J C Pope
INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic testicular/groin pain can be a difficult entity for children, their families, and caregivers. The role of interdisciplinary pain management has previously been demonstrated in treating chronic orchialgia at the present pediatric pain clinic. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of interdisciplinary pain management in managing refractory orchialgia. It was hypothesized that children with refractory orchialgia might respond well. Interdisciplinary care was defined as that which crosses two medical disciplines such as a surgical specialty and specialist in analgesia...
June 2015: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Mir Sohail Fazeli, Yiqun Lin, Nooshin Nikoo, Sravan Jaggumantri, Jean-Paul Collet, Kourosh Afshar
PURPOSE: Biofeedback has been used to treat children with symptoms of bladder dysfunction not responding to standard therapy alone. However, evidence of the effectiveness of biofeedback is scarce and is based on small studies. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to assess the effects of biofeedback as adjunctive therapy for symptoms of nonneuropathic voiding disorders in children up to age 18 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched MEDLINE(®), Embase(®) and CENTRAL on the OvidSP(®) platform as well as conference proceedings for randomized trials presented at scientific conventions, symposia and workshops through August 13, 2013...
January 2015: Journal of Urology
Barbara S Koppel, John C M Brust, Terry Fife, Jeff Bronstein, Sarah Youssof, Gary Gronseth, David Gloss
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of medical marijuana in several neurologic conditions. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of medical marijuana (1948-November 2013) to address treatment of symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS), epilepsy, and movement disorders. We graded the studies according to the American Academy of Neurology classification scheme for therapeutic articles. RESULTS: Thirty-four studies met inclusion criteria; 8 were rated as Class I...
April 29, 2014: Neurology
V C Geyer, A K Ebert, W H Rösch
Bladder dysfunction in children is a very common and heterogeneous problem. There can be disturbances either in bladder storage or during voiding phases. First of all it is important to distinguish between non-neurogenic and neuropathic bladder dysfuction. In this article the most common causes, the basic diagnostic evaluation and therapeutic interventions are summarized.
January 2013: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
Naziha Khen-Dunlop, Anne Van Egroo, Cécile Bouteiller, Jacques Biserte, Rémi Besson
OBJECTIVE: Voiding disorders are commonly encountered in paediatric urology practice. Urinary incontinence often leads to the impairment of self-esteem but can also cause renal damage, when recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) or vesico-ureteral reflux (VUR) exists. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a biofeedback training program in children with a long history of voiding disorders. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 1998 and 2002, 60 children with voiding disorders without neuropathic disease, aged 5-14, were treated...
October 2006: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Lidia Skobejko-Włodarska
Functional bladder disorders in children are a common condition and they are observed in 5-15% of pediatric population. Recent observations of bladder function of the healthy newborns have changed our viewpoint on its behaviour in older children. By the age of 4 years, many if not most children have matured their urinary tract function and developed an adult pattern of urinary control. They are generally dry during the day and the night. The adult pattern is characterized during bladder filling by an absence of unstable or uninhibited (involuntary) detrusor contractions...
2008: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
I Alova, H B Lottmann
Two kinds of elimination disorders can be associated with Vesico Ureteral Reflux (VUR): pure bladder elimination disorders or combination of bladder and bowel elimination disorders. An elimination disorder is always a factor which worsens the prognosis of VUR, as it increases the risk of infectious complications and thus presents a threat for the upper urinary tract. Regarding pure bladder elimination disorders, a chronic urine residue is observed in four clinical situations: the syndrome megacystis-mega ureter; the mega bladder without mega ureter, but with VUR; high grade massive VUR without a mega bladder; organic obstructions of the urethra (such as posterior urethral valves...
March 2008: Archivos Españoles de Urología
An M Bael, Marc A Benninga, Hildegard Lax, Hannsjörg Bachmann, Ellen Janhsen, Tom P V M De Jong, Marianne Vijverberg, Jan D Van Gool et al.
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the relationship between disordered defecation and non-neuropathic bladder-sphincter dysfunction (NNBSD) by comparing the prevalence of symptoms of disordered defecation in children with NNBSD before and after treatment for urinary incontinence (UI), and assessing the effect of such symptoms on the cure rate for UI. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the European Bladder Dysfunction Study, a prospective multicentre study comparing treatment plans for children with NNBSD, 202 children completed questionnaires on voiding and on defecation, at entry and after treatment for UI...
February 2007: BJU International
Bernardo Ochoa
During the last 40 years over 100 patients have been reported with a dysfunctional lower urinary tract associated with a peculiar distortion of the facial expression. This most unusual disorder was initially considered a local observation. Time, however, has proven otherwise, since patients with this syndrome have now been reported from various countries throughout the world. This association of lower urinary tract and bowel dysfunction with an abnormal facial expression was named the urofacial (Ochoa) syndrome...
January 2004: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
H De Paepe, C Renson, P Hoebeke, A Raes, E Van Laecke, J Vande Walle
The pelvic-floor is under voluntary control and plays an important role in the pathophysiology of lower urinary tract (LUT) dysfunctions in children, especially of non-neuropathic bladder sphincter dysfunction. The following therapeutic measures can be applied to try to influence the activity of the pelvic-floor during voiding: proprioceptive exercises of the pelvic-floor (manual testing), visualization of the electromyographic registration of relaxation and contraction of the pelvic-floor by a curve on a display (relaxation biofeedback), observation of the flow curve during voiding (uroflow biofeedback), learning of an adequate toilet posture in order to reach an optimal relaxation of the pelvic-floor, an individually adapted voiding and drinking schedule to teach the child to deal consciously with the bladder and its function and a number of simple rules for application at home to increase the involvement and motivation of the child...
2002: Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
B Cetinel, O Demirkesen, A U Onder, O Yaycioglu, V Ismailoğlu, V Solok
OBJECTIVES: To present our reconstructive surgery experience with voiding dysfunction due to both neurologic and non-neurologic etiology. METHODS: From March 1993 to January 2000, 69 patients (43 men and 26 women) with voiding dysfunction underwent lower urinary tract reconstruction. Mean patient age at the time of surgery was 34. 5 years (range 9 to 75). Voiding dysfunction had a neurologic etiology in 65.2% of the patients and a non-neurologic etiology in 34.8%...
December 20, 2000: Urology
P Hoebeke, E Van Laecke, A Raes, J D Van Gool, J Vande Walle
OBJECTIVE: To investigate in a prospective study the clinical and urodynamic characteristics associated with the correlation previously reported between non-neuropathic bladder sphincter dysfunction and minimal meatal deformities in girls. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 1995 to June 1996 all girls referred for urodynamics to investigate non-neuropathic bladder sphincter dysfunction were examined for meatal anomalies. Two types of meatal anomalies were recognized, i...
February 1999: BJU International
P Hoebeke, J Vande Walle, K Everaert, E Van Laecke, J D Van Gool
Although nonneuropathic bladder sphincter dysfunction in children is frequently encountered, there is no consensus on the assessment of children presenting with this problem. An example is given of how these children can be assessed. After a noninvasive screening consisting of history, voiding diary, clinical examination, urinalysis, ultrasound and uroflowmetry, those children that will benefit from further videourodynamic studies are selected. Videourodynamics help to describe accurately the filling phase dysfunction and the voiding phase dysfunction, which helps to outline therapy...
January 1999: European Urology
M Stöhrer, G Kramer, M Goepel, D Löchner-Ernst, D Kruse, H Rübben
Bladder autoaugmentation offers an alternative to enterocystoplasties for patients with low capacity high pressure bladders caused by non-malignant pathology. In particular for patients with neuropathic hyperreflexive bladders, refractory to less invasive therapy, bladder autoaugmentation will attain comparable results with less impact on life quality compared to other bladder augmentation procedures. The procedure does not preclude later enterocystoplasty or deafferentations. Over the last 7 years, 50 patients were treated by this method, some of them for other than neurogenic voiding dysfunction...
July 1997: Spinal Cord
P D McInerney, N DeSouza, P J Thomas, A R Mundy
OBJECTIVE: To assess the role and value of videourodynamic studies (VUD) in the post-operative evaluation of 100 patients who were continent following augmentation (clam) enterocystoplasty. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty patients had non-neuropathic detrusor instability and 50 had neuropathic bladder dysfunction. All underwent standard dual channel medium fill cystometry and synchronous video screening before and at 6 months and 2 years after a clam ileocystoplasty...
October 1995: British Journal of Urology
S A Koff
The author examines the non-neuropathic voiding disturbances of childhood in an attempt to develop a practical approach to their evaluation and management. Analysis of each child's presenting symptoms permits a classification into voiding pattern disturbances that are benign and those that are potentially harmful. Such an approach helps to define the indication for and scope of urologic investigation and aids in treatment selection.
November 1988: Urologic Clinics of North America
J D van Gool, M A Vijverberg, T P de Jong
Assessment of children with daytime wetting starts with the distinction between 'enuresis diurna' and 'functional incontinence', incontinence being defined as any form of wetting caused by bladder/sphincter dysfunction. Standard history-taking does not allow for a sharp enough distinction: pertinent questions have to be asked about daytime wetting, night-time wetting, micturition, and about urge and reactions to urge. By using urodynamics to expose the pathophysiology behind the patterns of bladder/sphincter dysfunction, these questions were formulated and validated in a series of 156 children, referred with persistent daytime wetting to a programme for cognitive bladder training...
1992: Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology. Supplementum
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