keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Skin source infections

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444521/leprosy-in-children
#1
REVIEW
Josafá Gonçalves Barreto, Marco Andrey Cipriani Frade, Fred Bernardes Filho, Moises Batista da Silva, John Stewart Spencer, Claudio Guedes Salgado
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This manuscript aims to review the cutting-edge developments regarding to the diagnosis, management, and prevention of leprosy in children. RECENT FINDINGS: Leprosy transmission still occurs continuously in some endemic areas in the world. Leprosy in children below 15 years old is a robust indicator of active source of infection in the community where they live. A special focus on children to reduce disabilities and reduce transmission is one of the core areas of interventions of the global leprosy strategy 2016-2020...
June 2017: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438086/feline-leprosy-due-to-candidatus-mycobacterium-tarwinense
#2
Carolyn R O'Brien, Richard Malik, Maria Globan, George Reppas, Christina McCowan, Janet A Fyfe
OBJECTIVES: This paper, the first in a series of three on 'feline leprosy', provides a detailed description of disease referable to Candidatus 'Mycobacterium tarwinense', the most common cause of feline leprosy in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: Cases were sourced retrospectively and prospectively for this observational study, describing clinical, geographical and molecular microbiological data for cats definitively diagnosed with Candidatus 'M tarwinense' infection...
May 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435821/utilization-of-pfge-as-a-powerful-discriminative-tool-for-the-investigation-of-genetic-diversity-among-mrsa-strains
#3
Solmaz Ohadian Moghadam, Mohammad Reza Pourmand, Masoumeh Douraghi, Samira Sabzi, Parisa Ghaffari
BACKGROUND: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a significant challenge to the burn patient. The implementation of proper monitoring programs and prompt identification of epidemic MRSA strains are critical to consequently control and eradicate potential outbreaks. This study aimed to define the genetic relatedness of MRSA strains isolated from burn patients by analyzing the large fragments of DNA. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 126 pus/wound swabs from skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) were collected from inpatients of Shahid Motahari Burn Center (Tehran, Iran) in 2013...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430767/are-steroids-effective-in-toxic-epidermal-necrolysis-and-stevens-johnson-syndrome
#4
Rodrigo Meza, Gabriel Rada, Pablo Varas
Toxic epidermal necrolysis and Stevens-Johnson syndrome are severe adverse skin reactions to medications and infections. Steroids are described as a therapeutic alternative, but their use is still controversial. To answer this question, we searched in Epistemonikos database, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources. We identified four systematic reviews including 11 primary studies answering the question of interest. We extracted data, conducted a meta-analysis and generated a summary of findings table using the GRADE approach...
April 5, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419015/an-unanticipated-complication-of-atopic-dermatitis
#5
Megan E MacGillivray, Loretta Fiorillo
An infant with a history of atopic dermatitis presented to the emergency department on 5 occasions with flulike symptoms. Eventually, this child presented with signs of infection and increased intracranial pressure: fever, bulging anterior fontanel, and leukocytosis. A computed tomography scan identified a large frontal lobe brain abscess. The abscess was surgically drained; culture was positive for Staphylococcus aureus. The initial source of the infected brain abscess was explored. Ultimately, it was thought to be secondary to impetiginized atopic dermatitis, an unusual but serious consequence of a common skin condition...
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388797/dorsal-augmentation-with-homologous-rib
#6
Russell W H Kridel, Angela K Sturm
Dorsal augmentation grafts are used to reconstruct and raise the nasal dorsum in patients with dorsal saddling due to trauma, infection, or previous nasal surgery, as well as in patients with a narrow, congenitally low, and/or wide dorsum. Alloplastic implants and various biomaterials are available for grafting, each with advantages and disadvantages. Although autologous septal cartilage is a preferable and often convenient source of cartilage, it is frequently not sufficient for large volume dorsal augmentation, nor is it available in patients who have had septoplasty, infection, previous rhinoplasty with grafting, or significant trauma...
April 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380682/the-association-of-the-skin-microbiota-with-health-immunity-and-disease
#7
Markus Egert, Rainer Simmering, Christian U Riedel
The human skin is densely colonized by a highly diverse microbiota comprising all three domains of life. Long believed to represent mainly a source of infection, the human skin microbiota is nowadays well accepted as an important driver of human (skin) health and well-being. This microbiota is influenced by many host and environmental factors and interacts closely with the skin immune system. Although cause and effect are usually difficult to discriminate, changes in the skin microbiota clearly play a role in the pathobiology of many types of skin disease and cosmetic disorders...
April 5, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371911/molecular-epidemiology-of-a-malassezia-pachydermatis-neonatal-unit-outbreak
#8
Amin Ilahi, Inès Hadrich, Sabrina Goudjil, Guy Kongolo, Christèle Chazal, André Léké, Ali Ayadi, Taieb Chouaki, Stéphane Ranque
The non-lipid-dependent yeast Malassezia pachydermatis is predominantly zoophilic but occasionally colonizes the human skin. This yeast caused an outbreak in a neonatal iIntensive care unit (NICU). This study aimed to describe the molecular epidemiology of this M. pachydermatis outbreak. All the M. pachydermatis isolates collected at a French University Hospital from January 2012 to April 2013 were included in the study. M. pachydermatis isolates, sampled from various biological samples sites in 25 patients, were identified via MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry and typed using intergenic-spacer 1 (IGS1) nucleotide sequence polymorphisms analysis...
March 24, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367030/clinical-characteristics-and-prognostic-factors-of-patients-with-stenotrophomonas-maltophilia-infections
#9
Priyam Batra, Purva Mathur, Mahesh C Misra
INTRODUCTION: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia earlier had limited pathogenic potential, but now with growing degree of immunosuppression in general population, it is being recognized as an important nosocomial pathogen. METHODOLOGY: A retrospective 7 years study was carried out to determine the clinical characteristics of all patients with Stenotrophomonas infections, antibiotic resistance pattern, and risk factors associated with hospital mortality. All patients with Stenotrophomonas culture positivity were identified and their medical records were reviewed...
April 2017: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362312/fungal-biodiversity-and-mycotoxigenic-fungi-in-cooling-tower-water-systems-in-istanbul-turkey
#10
Duygu Göksay Kadaifciler, Rasime Demirel
This is the first study to assess fungal diversity and mycotoxigenic fungi in open recirculating cooling-tower (CT) water systems (biofilm and water phase). The production capability of mycotoxin from fungal isolates was also examined. The mean fungal count in 21 different water and biofilm samples was determined as 234 CFU/100 mL and 4 CFU/cm(2). A total of 32 species were identified by internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequencing. The most common isolated fungi belonged to the genera Aspergillus and Penicillium, of which the most prevalent fungi were Aspergillus versicolor, Aspergillus niger, and Penicillium dipodomyicola...
April 2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348966/cassia-fistula-a-remedy-from-traditional-persian-medicine-for-treatment-of-cutaneous-lesions-of-pemphigus-vulgaris
#11
REVIEW
Fatemeh Atarzadeh, Mohammad Kamalinejad, Ladan Dastgheib, Gholamreza Amin, Amir Mohammad Jaladat, Majid Nimrouzi
OBJECTIVE: Pemphigus is a rare autoimmune disease that may be fatal without proper medical intervention. It is a blistering disease that involves both the skin and mucus membranes, in which the most important causes of death comprise superimposed opportunistic infections and complications of long-term high-dose corticosteroid therapy or prolonged consumption of immune suppressant drugs. Skin lesions are the most important sources of infection, and any local treatment decreasing the healing time of lesions and reducing the total dosage of drugs is favorable...
March 2017: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342205/superficial-herpes-simplex-virus-wound-infection-following-lung-transplantation
#12
Wojtek Karolak, Jacek Wojarski, Sławomir Zegleń, Marek Ochman, Maciej Urlik, Bartosz Hudzik, Elzbieta Wozniak-Grygiel, Marcin Maruszewski
Surgical site infections (SSIs) are infections of tissues, organs, or spaces exposed by surgeons during performance of an invasive procedure. SSIs are classified into superficial, which are limited to skin and subcutaneous tissues, and deep. The incidence of deep SSIs in lung transplant (LTx) patients is estimated at 5%. No reports have been published as to the incidence of superficial SSIs specifically in LTx patients. Common sense would dictate that the majority of superficial SSIs would be bacterial. Uncommonly, fungal SSIs may occur, and we believe that no reports exist as to the incidence of viral wound infections in LTx patients, or in any solid organ transplant patients...
March 25, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329329/increased-transmissibility-of-leishmania-donovani-from-the-mammalian-host-to-vector-sand-flies-after-multiple-exposures-to-sand-fly-bites
#13
Joanna G Valverde, Andrea Paun, Ehud Inbar, Audrey Romano, Michael Lewis, Kashinath Ghosh, David Sacks
Background: Patients with active visceral leishmaniasis are important reservoirs in the anthroponotic transmission cycle of Leishmania donovani. The role of the blood or skin as a source of infection to sand flies remains unclear, and the possible effect of multiple exposures to fly bites on transmissibility has not been addressed. Methods: L. donovani infected hamsters were exposed to xenodiagnoses with Lutzomyia longipalpis on the same or different sites on the abdomen on two consecutive days, or by artificial feeding on the skin or blood...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321999/factors-influencing-the-contamination-rate-of-human-organ-cultured-corneas
#14
Daniel Röck, Johanna Wude, Karl U Bartz-Schmidt, Efdal Yoeruek, Sebastian Thaler, Tobias Röck
PURPOSE: To assess the influence of donor, environment and storage factors on the contamination rate of organ-cultured corneas, to consider the microbiological species causing corneal contamination and to investigate the corresponding sensitivities. METHODS: Data from 1340 consecutive donor corneas were analysed retrospectively. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the influence of different factors on the contamination rate of organ-cultured corneas for transplantation...
March 21, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318749/experience-and-outcomes-of-micrografting-for-major-paediatric-burns
#15
H Rode, R Martinez, D Potgieter, S Adams, A D Rogers
BACKGROUND: The deficit of donor sites in major burns over 50% of the total body surface area has necessitated the application of methods besides traditional meshed autografting to achieve definitive skin cover. The Meek micrografting technique was introduced at this hospital in 2011, especially in the absence of a reliable source of deceased donor allograft skin. The purpose of this study was to evaluate this strategy with reference to its technical execution, efficacy and indications in the context of major paediatric burn surgery...
March 15, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303130/new-approaches-on-quantification-of-campylobacter-jejuni-in-poultry-samples-the-use-of-digital-pcr-and-real-time-pcr-against-the-iso-standard-plate-count-method
#16
Bojan Papić, Mateja Pate, Urška Henigman, Urška Zajc, Igor Gruntar, Majda Biasizzo, Matjaž Ocepek, Darja Kušar
Campylobacteriosis is the most frequently reported bacterial food-borne illness in the European Union and contaminated broiler meat is considered the most important source of infection in humans. The aim of the present study was to evaluate real-time PCR (qPCR) and digital PCR (dPCR) for quantification of Campylobacter jejuni in 75 broiler neck-skin samples collected from a poultry slaughterhouse, and to compare them with the ISO 10272-2 standard plate count method. For qPCR standard curve, C. jejuni-negative neck-skin samples were spiked with C...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289243/use-of-standard-risk-screening-and-assessment-forms-to-prevent-harm-to-older-people-in-australian-hospitals-a-mixed-methods-study
#17
Bernice Redley, Michelle Raggatt
BACKGROUND: Standard risk screening and assessment forms are frequently used in strategies to prevent harm to older people in hospitals. Little is known about good practices for their use. OBJECTIVE: Scope the preventable harms addressed by standard forms used to screen and assess older people and how standard forms are operationalised in hospitals across Victoria, Australia. METHODS: Mixed methods study: (1) cross-sectional audit of the standard risk screening and assessment forms used to assess older people at 11 health services in 2015; (2) nine focus groups with a purposive sample of 69 participants at 9 health services...
March 13, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283014/-fungemia-and-septic-arthritis-caused-by-saprochaete-capitata-in-a-patient-with-fanconi-aplastic-anemia-a-case-report
#18
Ömür Mustafa Parkan, Mustafa Altay Atalay, Ayşe Nedret Koç, Çiğdem Pala, Gonca Aydemir, Leylagül Kaynar
Saprochaete capitata (formerly known as Blastoschizomyces capitatus, Trichosporon capitatum, Geotrichum capitatum) is a rare but emerging yeast-like fungus. It is commonly found in environmental sources and can be isolated from skin, gastrointestinal system and respiratory tract of healthy individuals as well. It mainly infects patients with hematological malignancies such as acute myeloid leukemia (AML), especially in the presence of neutropenia; and mortality rates are high in those patients. Although the data about the in vitro antifungal susceptibility are limited, it is being reported that amphotericin B and voriconazole are more effective on S...
January 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280714/anti-biofilm-activity-of-a-long-chain-fatty-aldehyde-from-antarctic-pseudoalteromonas-haloplanktis-tac125-against-staphylococcus-epidermidis-biofilm
#19
Angela Casillo, Rosanna Papa, Annarita Ricciardelli, Filomena Sannino, Marcello Ziaco, Marco Tilotta, Laura Selan, Gennaro Marino, Maria M Corsaro, Maria L Tutino, Marco Artini, Ermenegilda Parrilli
Staphylococcus epidermidis is a harmless human skin colonizer responsible for ~20% of orthopedic device-related infections due to its capability to form biofilm. Nowadays there is an interest in the development of anti-biofilm molecules. Marine bacteria represent a still underexploited source of biodiversity able to synthesize a broad range of bioactive compounds, including anti-biofilm molecules. Previous results have demonstrated that the culture supernatant of Antarctic marine bacterium Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis TAC125 impairs the formation of S...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270138/hepatocytes-express-the-antimicrobial-peptide-hbd-2-after-multiple-trauma-an-experimental-study-in-human-and-mice
#20
Stefanie Fitschen-Oestern, Matthias Weuster, Sebastian Lippross, Peter Behrendt, Sabine Fuchs, Thomas Pufe, Mersedeh Tohidnezhad, Andreas Bayer, Andreas Seekamp, Deike Varoga, Tim Klüter
BACKGROUND: Human-beta defensins (HBD) belong to the family of acute phase peptides and hold a broad antimicrobial spectrum that includes gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. HBD are up-regulated after severe injuries but the source of posttraumatic HBD expression has not been focused on before. In the current study we analysed the role of liver tissue in expression of HBD after multiple trauma in human and mice. METHODS: HBD-2 expression has been detected in plasma samples of 32 multiple trauma patients (ISS > 16) over 14 days after trauma by ELISA...
March 7, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
keyword
keyword
37612
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"