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Musculoskeletal ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521047/musculoskeletal-ultrasonography-for-psoriatic-arthritis-and-psoriasis-patients-a-systematic-literature-review
#1
Alen Zabotti, Francesca Bandinelli, Alberto Batticciotto, Carlo Alberto Scirè, Annamaria Iagnocco, Garifallia Sakellariou
Objective.: To systematically review the role of musculoskeletal US in patients suffering from PsA or psoriasis (Pso) in terms of prevalence, diagnosis, prognosis, monitoring and treatment. Methods.: A systematic literature review was conducted through medical databases (MEDLINE via PubMed, Embase) and the grey literature up to September 2015 to inform a new study of the Musculoskeletal Ultrasound Study Group of the Italian Society for Rheumatology. All articles reporting data on musculoskeletal US in PsA or Pso were included and extracted according to the underlying clinical question...
May 18, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502924/high-time-to-upgrade-the-clinical-joint-examination-with-complementary-musculoskeletal-ultrasound-from-the-clinician-s-finger-to-the-ultrasound-transducer
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493799/shear-wave-elastography-basic-physics-and-musculoskeletal-applications
#3
Mihra S Taljanovic, Lana H Gimber, Giles W Becker, L Daniel Latt, Andrea S Klauser, David M Melville, Liang Gao, Russell S Witte
In the past 2 decades, sonoelastography has been progressively used as a tool to help evaluate soft-tissue elasticity and add to information obtained with conventional gray-scale and Doppler ultrasonographic techniques. Recently introduced on clinical scanners, shear-wave elastography (SWE) is considered to be more objective, quantitative, and reproducible than compression sonoelastography with increasing applications to the musculoskeletal system. SWE uses an acoustic radiation force pulse sequence to generate shear waves, which propagate perpendicular to the ultrasound beam, causing transient displacements...
May 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486337/hypertrophic-effects-of-concentric-versus-eccentric-muscle-actions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Brad J Schoenfeld, Dan Ogborn, Andrew D Vigotsky, Martino Franchi, James W Krieger
Controversy exists as to whether different dynamic muscle actions produce divergent hypertrophic responses. The purpose of this paper was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials comparing the hypertrophic effects of concentric versus eccentric training in healthy adults following regimented resistance training (RT). Studies were deemed eligible for inclusion if they met the following criteria: 1) were an experimental trial published in an English-language refereed journal; 2) directly compared concentric and eccentric actions without the use of external implements (i...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481763/in-plane-ultrasound-guided-knee-injection-through-a-lateral-suprapatellar-approach-a-safe-technique
#5
Francisco A Chagas-Neto, Atul K Taneja, Everaldo Gregio-Junior, Marcello H Nogueira-Barbosa
PURPOSE: This study aims to describe a technique for in-plane ultrasound-guided knee arthrography through a lateral suprapatellar approach, reporting its accuracy and related complications. METHODS: A retrospective search was performed for computed tomography and magnetic resonance reports from June 2013 through June 2015. Imaging studies, puncture descriptions, and guided-procedure images were reviewed along with clinical and surgical history. A fellowship-trained musculoskeletal radiologist performed all procedures under sterile technique and ultrasound guidance with the probe in oblique position on the lateral suprapatellar recess after local anesthesia with the patient on dorsal decubitus, hip in neutral rotation, and 30 to 45 degrees of knee flexion...
May 4, 2017: Ultrasound Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480792/a-rare-presentation-of-meralgia-paraesthetica-in-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy
#6
Ozgur Zeliha Karaahmet, Eda Gurcay, Duygu Ozturk, Sukran Guzel, Aytul Cakci
A 44-year-old female with paraesthesia and pain on the left anterolateral thigh who had been diagnosed with limb-girdle muscular dystrophy by electromyography and muscle biopsy is presented. Neurological examination revealed atrophy of the proximal muscles of both shoulders, plus pseudo hypertrophy of both calves. Electromyography exhibited a myopathic pattern. Musculoskeletal ultrasound imaging demonstrated a fusiform nerve swelling below the inguinal ligament suggesting lateral femoral cutaneous nerve compression, consistent with meralgia paraesthetica...
January 1, 2017: Scottish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479431/transient-acute-leg-ischemia-in-a-professional-athlete-caused-by-isolated-popliteal-artery-dissection-mimicking-popliteal-entrapment-syndrome
#7
Milos Sladojevic, Marko Dragas, Igor Končar, Oliver Radmili, Miroslav Markovic, Lazar Davidovic
INTRODUCTION: Exertional leg pain includes a broad range of conditions induced by different vascular, musculoskeletal and neurological disorders. We report a case with isolated popliteal artery dissection as a cause of a transient acute lower limb ischemia. CASE REPORT: We report a patient with popliteal artery dissection which occurred during squatting exercise. After initial signs of transient acute limb ischemia, physical and ultrasound examination pointed to entrampement syndrome as a likely cause...
May 4, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479161/clinical-utility-of-high-frequency-musculoskeletal-ultrasonography-in-foot-and-ankle-pathology-how-ultrasound-imaging-influences-diagnosis-and-management
#8
Patricia B Delzell, Benjamin A Tritle, Jennifer A Bullen, Stella Chiunda, Michael C Forney
The use of high-frequency (high-resolution) musculoskeletal ultrasonography is increasing and has shown promising utility in many areas of medicine. The utility of musculoskeletal ultrasonography for foot and ankle complaints has not been widely investigated, however. Although some conditions of the foot and ankle are easily diagnosed by physical examination, others can have nonspecific examination findings, making optimal treatment decisions difficult. We hypothesized that high-resolution musculoskeletal ultrasound scanning of the foot and ankle can affect the diagnosis and/or treatment for patients presenting with foot or ankle complaints...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473089/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-suspected-osteomyelitis-septic-arthritis-or-soft-tissue-infection-excluding-spine-and-diabetic-foot
#9
Francesca D Beaman, Paul F von Herrmann, Mark J Kransdorf, Ronald S Adler, Behrang Amini, Marc Appel, Erin Arnold, Stephanie A Bernard, Bennett S Greenspan, Kenneth S Lee, Michael J Tuite, Eric A Walker, Robert J Ward, Daniel E Wessell, Barbara N Weissman
Infection of the musculoskeletal system is a common clinical problem. Differentiating soft tissue from osseous infection often determines the appropriate clinical therapeutic course. Radiographs are the recommend initial imaging examination, and although often not diagnostic in acute osteomyelitis, can provide anatomic evaluation and alternative diagnoses influencing subsequent imaging selection and interpretation. MRI with contrast is the examination of choice for the evaluation of suspected osteomyelitis, and MRI, CT, and ultrasound can all be useful in the diagnosis of soft tissue infection...
May 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461527/nail-enthesis-ultrasound-in-psoriasis-and-psoriatic-arthritis-a-report-from-the-2016-grappa-annual-meeting
#10
Joanne Szczygiel Cunha, Abrar A Qureshi, Anthony M Reginato
Musculoskeletal ultrasonography is gaining favor in the evaluation of enthesitis in patients with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Imaging modalities have shown that the enthesis of the distal interphalangeal joint has a close relationship to the nail itself. Studies have focused on the structure and morphology of nails to determine an association between psoriasis nail changes and the presence or severity of PsA. With the use of higher frequency probes, power Doppler (PD) can determine subclinical inflammation of the area under ultrasound examination...
May 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460717/the-validity-and-reliability-of-a-pocket-sized-ultrasound-to-diagnose-distal-radius-fracture-and-assess-quality-of-closed-reduction
#11
Brian C Lau, Aaron Robertson, Daria Motamedi, Nicolas Lee
PURPOSE: Handheld ultrasound technology is increasingly used in health care. Its use for fracture care has not been adequately evaluated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate handheld, pocket-sized ultrasound in the diagnosis and assessment of reductions in distal radius fractures. METHODS: A total of 23 patients with distal radius fractures (average age, 53 years; 13 women) and 20 control patients (average age, 53 years; 10 women) were prospectively enrolled...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460711/application-of-shortwave-diathermy-to-lower-limb-increases-arterial-blood-flow-velocity-and-skin-temperature-in-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Natanael Teixeira Alves De Sousa, Elaine Caldeira De Oliveira Guirro, João Guilherme Calió, Mariane Cristina De Queluz, Rinaldo Roberto De Jesus Guirro
BACKGROUND: Shortwave diathermy (SWD) and microwave diathermy (MWD) are frequently used by physical therapists to treat musculoskeletal conditions. The therapeutic benefits are usually associated with an increase in tissue temperature; however, there is no consensus on the changes in blood flow. OBJECTIVES: 1) To evaluate the behavior of temperature and arterial blood flow after the application of SWD and MWD to the lower limb of healthy women aged 18-30 and 2) to assess whether changes in limb positioning can influence SWD response...
March 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450991/-poland-syndrome-about-a-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Meriam Benzalim, Laila Berghalout, Sophia Elfakir, Hicham Jalal
Poland syndrome is a rare congenital malformation associated with various degrees of thoracic and homolateral upper limb abnormalities. We report the case of a 7-year old girl who underwent exploration for depression of the left hemithorax associated with homolateral subclavicular mass. CT scan showed that the deformation of the thoracic wall was related to the absence of left pectoralis major muscle sterno-costal heads insertion associated with agenesis of the pectoralis minor muscle and hypoplasia of the anterior arches of the first six corresponding ribs...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447158/-ultrasound-diagnostics-in-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#14
REVIEW
V S Schäfer, W A Schmidt
Ultrasound of the salivary glands is a specific examination for detecting pathology of salivary glands in the diagnosis of Sjögren's syndrome. It is easy to learn, rapidly performed, non-invasive and inexpensive. Other imaging techniques, such as sialography and scintigraphy, are currently only rarely performed. For the examination, linear ultrasound probes with frequencies between 7 and 12 MHz are recommended. Such probes are already widely available to the rheumatologist performing musculoskeletal ultrasound...
April 26, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433472/the-influence-of-platelet-rich-plasma-on-synovial-fluid-volumes-protein-concentrations-and-severity-of-pain-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#15
Carl P C Chen, Chih-Hsiu Cheng, Chih-Chin Hsu, Hsin-Chin Lin, Yi-Rong Tsai, Jean-Lon Chen
Knee pain is commonly seen in orthopedic and rehabilitation outpatient clinical settings. Patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) are often complicated with joint soreness, swelling, weakness, and pain. These complaints are often caused by the excessive amount of synovial fluid (SF) accumulated in the bursae around the knee joint. This study was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of platelet rich plasma (PRP) in treating patients with minor to moderate knee osteoarthritis (OA) combined with supra-patellar bursitis using a proteomic approach and clinical evaluation tool...
July 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424849/ultrasound-evaluation-of-the-ulnar-collateral-ligament-of-the-elbow-which-method-is-most-reproducible
#16
Mehool Shukla, Robert Keller, Nathan Marshall, Hafeez Ahmed, Courtney Scher, Vasilios Bill Moutzouros, Marnix van Holsbeeck
INTRODUCTION: The ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) is an important medial stabilizer of the elbow, particularly in overhead-throwing athletes. However, there is no universally accepted method for evaluating UCL thickness with ultrasound (US). OBJECTIVE: To assess reproducibility of previously published methods, as well as a modified technique, for evaluating the UCL via US. We hypothesize that a modified technique would show greater reproducibility. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using US, the thickness of the UCL in 50 volunteers was measured by two musculoskeletal trained radiologists using two different measurement techniques...
April 20, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366223/radiologic-approach-to-musculoskeletal-infections
#17
REVIEW
Claus S Simpfendorfer
Imaging is often used to establish a diagnosis of musculoskeletal infections and evaluate the full extent and severity of disease. Imaging should always start with radiographs, which provide an important anatomic overview. MRI is the test of choice in most musculoskeletal infections because of its superior soft tissue contrast resolution and high sensitivity for pathologic edema. However, MRI is not always possible. Alternative imaging modalities including ultrasound scan, computed tomography, and radionuclide imaging may be used...
June 2017: Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356203/variation-in-patients-travel-times-among-imaging-examination-types-at-a-large-academic-health-system
#18
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Yu Liang, Richard Duszak, Michael P Recht
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Patients' willingness to travel farther distances for certain imaging services may reflect their perceptions of the degree of differentiation of such services. We compare patients' travel times for a range of imaging examinations performed across a large academic health system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched the NYU Langone Medical Center Enterprise Data Warehouse to identify 442,990 adult outpatient imaging examinations performed over a recent 3...
March 27, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355674/ultrasound-of-the-knee-common-pathology-excluding-extensor-mechanism
#19
Jon A Jacobson, Thumanoon Ruangchaijatuporn, Viviane Khoury, Olaf Magerkurth
Ultrasound can be used to diagnose many types of pathology and guide various diagnostic or therapeutic procedures. The most common applications for musculoskeletal ultrasound of the knee include evaluation of the joint recesses, the extensor mechanism, and bursae including Baker's cyst. However, a role exists for ultrasound in the evaluation of cartilage, other tendons, ligaments, peripheral nerves, osseous structures, and vasculature. This article reviews common pathologies of these structures as seen with ultrasound...
April 2017: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343302/force-assisted-ultrasound-imaging-system-through-dual-force-sensing-and-admittance-robot-control
#20
Ting-Yun Fang, Haichong K Zhang, Rodolfo Finocchi, Russell H Taylor, Emad M Boctor
PURPOSE: Ultrasound imaging has been a gold standard for clinical diagnoses due to its unique advantages compared to other imaging modalities including: low cost, noninvasiveness, and safeness to the human body. However, the ultrasound scanning process requires applying a large force over extended periods of time, often in uncomfortable postures in order to maintain the desired orientation. This physical requirement over sonographers' careers often leads to musculoskeletal pain and strain injuries...
March 25, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
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