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Musculoskeletal ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646319/presence-of-enthesopathy-in-patients-with-primary-sjogren-s-syndrome-ultrasonographic-study-of-a-local-cohort
#1
Sinem Sag, Mustafa Serdar Sag, Ibrahim Tekeoglu, Ayhan Kamanlı, Kemal Nas
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal findings in Sjögren's syndrome are arthralgia, arthritis, myalgia, myositis, fibromyalgia, and chronic fatigue. Enthesis zones are important in the formation of pain in the musculoskeletal system. Musculoskeletal ultrasound (US) may show subclinical enthesitis in the synovial joints and in the axial skeleton before joint swelling in inflammatory diseases characterized by arthritis. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to determine the presence of enthesopathy using the Madrid sonographic enthesitis index (MASEI) in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (PSS)...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637737/management-of-shoulder-pain-by-uk-general-practitioners-gps-a-national-survey
#2
Majid Artus, Danielle A van der Windt, Ebenezer K Afolabi, Rachelle Buchbinder, Linda S Chesterton, Alison Hall, Edward Roddy, Nadine E Foster
OBJECTIVES: Studies in Canada, the USA and Australia suggested low confidence among general practitioners (GPs) in diagnosing and managing shoulder pain, with frequent use of investigations. There are no comparable studies in the UK; our objective was to describe the diagnosis and management of shoulder pain by GPs in the UK. METHODS: A national survey of a random sample of 5000 UK GPs collected data on shoulder pain diagnosis and management using two clinical vignettes that described primary care presentations with rotator cuff tendinopathy (RCT) and adhesive capsulitis (AdhC)...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632507/tibialis-posterior-tenosynovitis-a-unique-musculoskeletal-manifestation-of-gout
#3
Peter Shupper, Todd P Stitik
Extra-articular manifestations of gout can present in several ways, including tenosynovitis. We present a rare case of acute tibialis posterior gouty tenosynovitis. An 82-year-old man with a history of well-controlled gout presented with acute onset of left ankle pain, occurring without inciting event. The medial ankle was slightly erythematous with moderate dorsal-medial swelling and mild dorsal-lateral swelling, with severe tenderness to palpation over the medial retro-malleolar region. Range of motion and manual muscle testing were pain limited throughout...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631607/one-year-in-review-2017-ultrasound-in-crystal-arthritis
#4
REVIEW
Esperanza Naredo, Annamaria Iagnocco
Musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) has become a relevant part of rheumatology practice and research. This imaging modality substantially allows us to optimise the management of inflammatory, degenerative and crystal-related musculoskeletal diseases. MSUS is a valuable point-of-care tool to accurately assess intra-articular and periarticular abnormalities involved in rheumatic diseases. Furthermore, MSUS is a bedside aid for guiding accurate and safe musculoskeletal diagnostic aspirations and therapeutic injections...
May 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629806/prevalence-of-bleeding-complications-following-ultrasound-guided-botulinum-toxin-injections-in-patiens-on-anticoagulation-or-antiplatelet-therapy
#5
Jeffrey Lavallee, Regan Royer, Geoffrey Smith
BACKGROUND: Patients on anticoagulation or antiplatelet therapy may be at higher risk of bleeding complications following intramuscular chemodenervation injections. Musculoskeletal ultrasound may be able to reduce the risk of bleeding complications by providing real time visualization of vascular structures and post-injection monitoring. Limited data exist addressing risk of bleeding complications following ultrasound-guided botulinum neurotoxin intramuscular chemodenervation procedures in the setting of anticoagulation or antiplatelet therapy...
June 16, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623421/comparison-of-dual-energy-ct-ultrasound-and-surface-measurement-for-assessing-tophus-dissolution-during-rapid-urate-debulking
#6
Dodji V Modjinou, Svetlana Krasnokutsky, Soterios Gyftopoulos, Virginia C Pike, Elaine Karis, Robert T Keenan, Kristen Lee, Daria B Crittenden, Jonathan Samuels, Michael H Pillinger
Tophaceous gout is painful and impairs quality of life. The optimal modality for assessing tophus resolution in response to urate-lowering treatment remains poorly defined. Using pegloticase as a model system for resolving tophi, we compared multiple imaging and physical diagnostic strategies for assessing tophus resolution. A 32-year-old subject with chronic refractory tophaceous gout was enrolled and received 6 months of pegloticase treatment. Measurements of tophi using vernier calipers (monthly), photographs and musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSK-US; every 3 months), and dual-energy CT (DECT) were compared...
June 16, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615966/acute-physiological-and-electrical-accentuation-of-vagal-tone-has-no-effect-on-pain-or-gastrointestinal-motility-in-chronic-pancreatitis
#7
Jacob Juel, Christina Brock, Søren S Olesen, Adnan Madzak, Adam D Farmer, Qasim Aziz, Jens B Frøkjær, Asbjørn Mohr Drewes
BACKGROUND: The effective management of pain in chronic pancreatitis (CP) remains a therapeutic challenge. Analgesic drugs, such as opioids, and the underlying pathology can impair gut function. The autonomic nervous system influences hormone secretion and gut motility. In healthy volunteers, electrical (using noninvasive transcutaneous vagal nerve stimulation [t-VNS]) and physiological (using deep slow breathing [DSB]) modulation of parasympathetic tone results in pain attenuation and enhanced gut motility...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606838/the-role-of-low-intensity-pulse-ultrasound-lipus-on-cartilage-healing-in-knee-osteoarthritis-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Joshua Rothenberg, Prathap Jayaram, Usker Naqvi, Joslyn Gober, Gerard A Malanga
Ultrasound (US) is a therapeutic modality that has been used in the treatment of musculoskeletal conditions for decades. In recent years there has been technological advancements using Low-Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound (LIPUS) as a clinical modality. The purpose of this review was to critically examine the medical literature to determine the effects of low-intensity pulse ultrasound (LIPUS) on the chondrogenic properties of knee osteoarthritis. A literature search of three major databases (Pubmed, Scopus, EMBASE) was performed...
June 9, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604072/-ultrasonographic-diagnosis-of-distal-pediatric-forearm-fractures
#9
Marcell Varga, Nikolett Gáti, Erika Kalóz, Zsuzsanna Bíró, Csenge Szeverényi, Dániel Kardos, Gergő Józsa
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The aim of our prospective study was to evaluate the effectivity of sonographic diagnosis of pediatric wrist fractures and analyzing the results of two pediatric musculoskeletal centers. METHOD: Between 2011 January and 2015 December 467 children aged 0-15 with closed wrist injuries and open growth plates were sonographically and radiologically evaluated by an orthopaedic surgeon or a resident in trainee. Sonography was performed immediately after physical examination with linear probes of 7-14 Mhz frequency...
June 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602490/ultrasound-findings-on-hands-and-wrists-of-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-relationship-with-physical-examination
#10
Carolina Freitas Lins, Daniel Lima de Sá Ribeiro, Willer Gonçalves Dourado Santos, Genevievi Rosa, Viviane Machicado, Ana Luisa Pedreira, Emanuela Pimenta da Fonseca, Anna Paula Mota Duque Sousa, Carla Baleeiro Rodrigues Silva, Marcos Antonio Almeida Matos, Mittermayer Barreto Santiago
Diagnosis of synovitis/tenosynovitis by physical examination can be difficult. Ultrasound (US) can be an effective tool for the evaluation of joint involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This study will describe musculoskeletal findings by US in SLE patients and the evaluation of their correlation with physical examination. SLE patients underwent clinical/sonographic evaluation of hand/wrists. In total, 896 joints were evaluated: at least 1 change on physical examination was found in 136 joints and at least 1 US abnormality was found in 65 of 896 joints...
June 8, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601574/localization-of-the-trunk-muscles-using-musculoskeletal-ultrasound-guidance-for-pedicle-screw-stimulation-during-spine-surgery
#11
Tsui-Fen Yang, Jan-Wei Chiu, Chi-Kuang Feng, Ying-Chou Hsieh, Chen-Ya Yang, Jia-Chi Wang, Kwong-Kum Liao
The precise placement of recording electrodes at the relevant myotome is mandatory while performing pedicle screw stimulation (PSS) during spine surgery; however, their placement at trunk muscles is challenging. This study aimed to determine whether ultrasound guidance is useful for trunk muscle localization for PSS during spine surgery. A retrospective clinical study was conducted from a prospective database. Eighty-four patients eligible for spine surgery were recruited. Ultrasound was used to localize the intercostal, rectus abdominis, and internal oblique and psoas muscles if pedicle screw placement was performed at T3 to L1...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593101/dry-needling-increases-muscle-thickness-in-a-subject-with-persistent-muscle-dysfunction-a-case-report
#12
Kevin M Cross, Michael McMurray
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Muscle dysfunction is very common following musculoskeletal injury. There is very little evidence to suggest that muscle function may be positively impacted by soft tissue interventions, such as dry needling. The purpose of this case report is to describe the immediate effect of dry needling on muscle thickness in a subject after shoulder surgery. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 22 year-old competitive gymnast presented seven months post shoulder surgery with significant impairments and functional limitations...
June 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583640/the-role-of-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-biopsy-in-musculoskeletal-diseases
#13
REVIEW
Marco Sperandeo, Francesca Maria Trovato, Nadia Melillo, Lucia Dimitri, Giuseppe Musumeci, Giuseppe Guglielmi
Ultrasonography (US) is a readily available non-invasive tool useful for the detection of musculoskeletal and soft tissue masses. Although X-Ray is often the first imaging study for evaluating both bone and soft tissue lesions, and magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography are mandatory in lesions staging, US is increasingly used for the early assessment of musculoskeletal and soft-tissue masses and for guiding procedures and biopsies. Surgical biopsy or fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is needed to ascertain the nature of any lesion...
May 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582950/the-prevalence-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-sonographers
#14
Tamader Y Al-Rammah, Areej S Aloufi, Saffana K Algaeed, Noura S Alogail
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs) have a significant effect on the psychological and physical function of the sonographer. OBJECTIVE: This study is concerned about finding the prevalence of WRMSDs among sonographers in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and assessing how to improve future practices and develop guidelines for safe, pain-free ultrasound departments. METHODS: A survey was distributed to sonographers working in major hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (n = 100, 83% response rate)...
June 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582272/ultrasound-guided-steroid-injection-of-the-pisotriquetral-joint-a-multidisciplinary-effort
#15
Steven W Brose, Janel Montfort, Kenneth J Gustafson, Ionica Mittebrun, Samantha Gauriloff, Mary Mosher, Dennis J Bourbeau
From the perspective of a multidisciplinary team, the authors describe the first reported use of ultrasound guidance for steroid injection into the pisotriquetral joint to relieve wrist pain of a person with spinal cord injury undergoing acute inpatient rehabilitation. Musculoskeletal ultrasound guidance was used to improve the accuracy of a corticosteroid injection of the pisotriquetral joint and the basal thumb in a 70-year-old man with paraplegia experiencing multifocal degenerative wrist pain. There was no bleeding or bruising after the injections, and the patient reported complete pain resolution 1 wk after the injections, which continued for over 1 yr...
June 2, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579818/healing-of-achilles-tendon-partial-tear-following-focused-shockwave-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#16
Yu-Chun Hsu, Wei-Ting Wu, Ke-Vin Chang, Der-Sheng Han, Li-Wei Chou
Achilles tendinopathy is a common cause of posterior heel pain and can progress to partial tendon tear without adequate treatment. Effects of traditional treatments vary, and many recent reports focus on the use of extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) for Achilles tendinopathy but not for Achilles tendon partial tear. Here, we report the case of a 64-year-old female suffering from severe left heel pain for half a year. All treatment and rehabilitation were less effective until ESWT was applied. Each course of focused shockwave therapy included 2500 shots with energy flux density from 0...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573034/a-technical-note-on-variable-inter-frame-interval-as-a-cause-of-non-physiological-experimental-artefacts-in-ultrasound
#17
D Miguez, E F Hodson-Tole, I Loram, P J Harding
Ultrasound (US) imaging is a well-recognized technique for the study of static tissues but its suitability for studying tissue dynamics depends upon accurate frame time information, which may not always be available to users. Here we present methods to quantify the inter-frame interval (IFI) variability, and evaluate different procedures for collecting temporal information from two US-imaging devices. The devices tested exhibited variable IFIs that could only be confirmed by direct measures of timing signals, available by means of electrical signals (triggers) and/or temporal information contained in the software used for the US data collection...
May 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569558/persistent-left-superior-vena-cava-in-fetuses-an-autopsy-series
#18
Deepa Ramakrishnan, Shanthi Chidambarathanu, Lata Murli, John Micheal, Sujatha Jagadeesh, Indrani Suresh, Suresh Seshadri
OBJECTIVE: To review fetal autopsy reports with persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) and identify its associations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Autopsy reports of all fetuses diagnosed with PLSVC in our center from January 2011 to December 2015 were reviewed. Fetuses less than 15 weeks gestational age along with autolyzed and damaged hearts were excluded from the study. The study group was compared with controls during this period. RESULTS: Prenatal ultrasound detection rate of PLSVC was 13...
June 1, 2017: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547137/age-dependent-arthrosonographic-reference-values-of-the-hip-joint-in-healthy-children-and-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-multicenter-ultrasound-study
#19
Ralf Felix Trauzeddel, Hartwig Lehmann, Daniel Windschall, Gerd Ganser, Rainer Berendes, Maria Haller, Manuela Krumrey-Langkammerer, Katharina Palm-Beden, Antje Nimtz-Talaska, Christine Nirschl, Phillip Schoof, Ralf Trauzeddel
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal US is a noninvasive imaging method for diagnosing and monitoring inflammatory rheumatic diseases. OBJECTIVES: To develop age- and gender-related arthrosonographic reference intervals for the hip joint of healthy children and adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional US study, we examined both hip joints of 445 children and adolescents with an age range of 1 year to 18 years. We measured the distance between the bone surface and the outer margin of the joint capsule to define the bone-capsule distance, the joint capsule and cartilage thickness, and the capsule layer thickness...
May 25, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540306/quantitative-analysis-of-musculoskeletal-ultrasound-techniques-and-clinical-applications
#20
EDITORIAL
Qing Wang, Qing-Hua Huang, John T W Yeow, Mark R Pickering, Simo Saarakkala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: BioMed Research International
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