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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324808/midwives-perceptions-of-partner-presence-in-childbirth-pain-alleviation-in-nigeria-hospitals
#1
Abigail Uchenna Emelonye, Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen, Taina Pitkäaho, Alex Aregbesola
OBJECTIVE: partner presence in the labour room can influence childbirth pain outcomes and maternal well-being. We examined midwives' perception of the use of partner presence in the management of childbirth pain in Nigerian hospitals. DESIGN: a descriptive cross-sectional quantitative study. SETTING: maternity units of four hospitals in Abuja, Nigeria, Jun.-Dec., 2014. PARTICIPANTS: 100 midwives selected through convenience sampling...
March 8, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324133/foot-health-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-scoping-review
#2
REVIEW
Minna Stolt, Riitta Suhonen, Helena Leino-Kilpi
Rheumatoid arthritis affects joints and can cause significant impairments in daily life. The foot is often the first site of symptoms and foot problems are strongly related to RA. The aim of this review was, therefore, to describe foot health in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and to identify how patients perform foot self-care. With this knowledge interventions to support foot health and functional ability in RA patients can be developed. The design of the review was a scoping review. A systematic literature search of three electronic databases, MEDLINE, CINAHL and Embase, was conducted in June 2016...
March 21, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323922/fibrogenesis-imperfecta-ossium-and-response-to-human-growth-hormone-a-potential-novel-therapy
#3
Sanjay Kumar Bhadada, Vandana Dhiman, Soham Mukherjee, Sameer Aggarwal, Amanjit Bal, Suja P Sukumar, Ashwani Sood, Dinesh Chandra Sharma, Niranjan Khandelwal, Anil Bhansali, Wim Van Hul, Sudhaker D Rao
Context: Fibrogenesis imperfecta ossium (FIO) is a rare bone disease manifested by generalized bone pain, fragility fractures, progressive disability, and extensive mineralization defect on bone biopsy. The pathogenesis of the disease is unknown and currently there is no effective treatment. Objective: To report on the effect of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) therapy in FIO. Design: An observational study in two patients. Setting: Endocrinology Clinic in an Academic Institution Patients or Other Participants: Two siblings with FIO Intervention(s): rhGH was administered subcutaneously at a dose of 1U daily for one year...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323761/effect-of-land-based-generic-physical-activity-interventions-on-pain-physical-function-and-physical-performance-in-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Shanelle Fernandopulle, Meredith Perry, Donald Manlapaz, Prasath Jayakaran
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of land-based generic physical activity interventions on pain, physical function, and physical performance in individuals with hip/knee osteoarthritis, when compared with a control group that received no intervention, minimal intervention, or usual care. METHODS: A systematic search for randomized controlled trials on 11 electronic databases (from their inception up until April 30, 2016) identified 27 relevant articles...
March 18, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323707/comparison-of-radiofrequency-targeted-vertebral-augmentation-with-balloon-kyphoplasty-for-the-treatment-of-vertebral-compression-fractures-2-year-results
#5
Rahel Bornemann, Tom R Jansen, Koroush Kabir, Peter H Pennekamp, Brit Stüwe, Dieter C Wirtz, Robert Pflugmacher
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was the evaluation of the safety and effectiveness of radiofrequency-targeted vertebral augmentation (RF-TVA) in comparison with balloon kyphoplasty (BK) for the treatment of acute painful vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) on the basis of matched pairs. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND: Vertebroplasty and BK are the common surgical interventions for the treatment of VCF. Both are effective and safe but pose some risks such as adjacent fractures and cement leakage...
April 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320049/d-%C3%AE-hydroxybutyrate-promotes-functional-recovery-and-relieves-pain-hypersensitivity-in-mice-with-spinal-cord-injury
#6
Jiao Qian, Wenjun Zhu, Ming Lu, Bin Ni, Jun Yang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Spinal cord injury (SCI) leads to severe motor and sensory dysfunction and significantly reduces the quality of life. The aim of present work was to investigate the effect of administration of exogenous D-β-hydroxybutyrate (DBHB) on functional recovery and neuropathic pain in spinal-cord-injured mice. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Mice were given a moderate-severe thoracic spinal contusion injury at the T9-10 level, and treated with exogenous DBHB...
March 20, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319999/the-challenges-of-research-on-interventions-for-low-back-pain
#7
David J Kennedy, Byron J Schneider
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319997/intradiscal-glucocorticoid-injection-for-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-associated-with-active-discopathy-a-randomized-trial
#8
Christelle Nguyen, Isabelle Boutron, Gabriel Baron, Katherine Sanchez, Clémence Palazzo, Raphaël Benchimol, Guillaume Paris, Étienne James-Belin, Marie-Martine Lefèvre-Colau, Johann Beaudreuil, Jean-Denis Laredo, Anne Béra-Louville, Anne Cotten, Jean-Luc Drapé, Antoine Feydy, Philippe Ravaud, François Rannou, Serge Poiraudeau
Background: Active discopathy is associated with a specific phenotype of chronic low back pain (LBP). Local inflammation has a role in active discopathy-associated symptoms. Objective: To assess the efficacy of a single glucocorticoid intradiscal injection (GC IDI) in patients with chronic LBP with active discopathy. Design: Prospective, parallel-group, double-blind, randomized, controlled study. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00804531). Setting: 3 tertiary care centers in France...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319532/evaluation-of-a-protocol-for-same-day-discharge-after-radial-lounge-monitoring-in-a-southern-swiss-referral-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-centre
#9
Luigi Biasco, Giovanni B Pedrazzini, Marco Araco, Francesco Petracca, Daniele Del Monte, Daniel Sürder, Fulvio Bomio, Martina Boscolo Berto, Giulia Montrasio, Alessandro Del Bufalo, Elena Pasotti, Tiziano Moccetti, Marco Moccetti
AIMS: The aim of the study was to retrospectively evaluate safety and patient satisfaction of same-day discharge after elective radial coronary angiography/percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) after the implementation of a radial lounge facility. METHODS: All patients admitted to our radial lounge with a planned same-day discharge after an uncomplicated coronary angiography/PCI, having a co-living caregiver, were day enrolled in the study. Rates of same-day discharge, unplanned overnight stay, and in-hospital and first complications [death, myocardial infarction (MI), unplanned coronary angiography, access site hematoma, bleedings requiring hospitalization] were analysed; satisfaction was also evaluated through a questionnaire...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319508/exercise-combined-with-ultrasound-attenuates-neuropathic-pain-in-rats-associated-with-downregulation-of-il-6-and-tnf-%C3%AE-but-with-upregulation-of-il-10
#10
Po-Ching Huang, Kun-Ling Tsai, Yu-Wen Chen, Heng-Teng Lin, Ching-Hsia Hung
BACKGROUND: Although there are several evidences that suggest efficacies of therapeutic ultrasound (TU) or treadmill exercise (TE) to alleviate nerve injury-associated pain, molecular mechanisms are less clear. We aimed to investigate the impact of TU and/or TE on neuropathic pain induced by chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve and their roles of proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines. METHODS: Rats were randomly divided into (n = 10 per group) sham operation (sham), CCI procedure followed by false application of TU (CCI + TU0), CCI procedure followed by false application of TU and TE (CCI + TU0 + TE), CCI, and CCI procedure followed by TU alone (CCI + TU), TE alone (CCI + TE), or both TU and TE (CCI + TU + TE) groups...
March 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319321/unrecognized-coronary-vasospasm-in-patients-referred-for-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-intracoronary-nitroglycerin-the-forgotten-stepchild-of-cardiovascular-guidelines
#11
Alec Vishnevsky, Howard M Julien, David L Fischman, Paul Walinsky, J David Ogilby, Nicholas J Ruggiero, Babu Jasti, Michael P Savage
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to demonstrate the importance of intracoronary nitroglycerin (IC NTG) administration during diagnostic coronary angiography and prior to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: PCI has been a mainstay treatment for patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease. While current guidelines emphasize the importance of periprocedural antithrombotic medications, they fail to mention the use of nitroglycerin prior to PCI...
March 20, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319133/effects-of-sudden-walking-perturbations-on-neuromuscular-reflex-activity-and-three-dimensional-motion-of-the-trunk-in-healthy-controls-and-back-pain-symptomatic-subjects
#12
Juliane Mueller, Tilman Engel, Steffen Mueller, Josefine Stoll, Heiner Baur, Frank Mayer
BACKGROUND: Back pain patients (BPP) show delayed muscle onset, increased co-contractions, and variability as response to quasi-static sudden trunk loading in comparison to healthy controls (H). However, it is unclear whether these results can validly be transferred to suddenly applied walking perturbations, an automated but more functional and complex movement pattern. There is an evident need to develop research-based strategies for the rehabilitation of back pain. Therefore, the investigation of differences in trunk stability between H and BPP in functional movements is of primary interest in order to define suitable intervention regimes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319024/the-prostatic-utricle-an-under-recognized-condition-resulting-in-significant-morbidity-in-boys-with-both-hypospadias-and-normal-external-genitalia
#13
Austin G Hester, Stanley J Kogan
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric presentations of a prostatic utricle have received only scant attention. Though recognized with increased frequency in boys with hypospadias, little is described about their incidence and potential for morbidity in boys with normal external genitalia. METHODS: We initially reviewed a cohort of 64 patients with hypospadias seen over a 3-year period to determine the frequency of investigative lower urinary tract studies and utricle identification...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318814/integrated-yoga-and-naturopathy-module-in-management-of-metabolic-syndrome-a-case-report
#14
Swathi Gowda, Sriloy Mohanty, Apar Saoji, Raghuram Nagarathna
A 50-year-old male participant with sedentary lifestyle, diagnosed with Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) [obesity, Type-2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension] and hypothyroidism since 2013, was administered integrated Yoga and Naturopathy (IYN) for 6 weeks as a tailor made individualized protocol at the residential integrative medical facility in Bangalore between October and November 2015. The results showed reduction in weight (97.9 kg to 74.6 kg), Body Mass Index (BMI) (35.1 kg/m(2) to 27.86 kg/m(2)), total cholesterol (192 mg% to 145 mg%), triglycerides (153 mg% to 90 mg%), Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) (124 mg% to 81 mg%), High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) (40 mg% to 46 mg%), fasting blood glucose (110 mg/dl to 75 mg/dl), postprandial glucose (267 mg/dl to 100 mg/dl), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) (7...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318531/national-survey-on-postoperative-care-and-treatment-circuits-in-neurosurgery
#15
R Valero, E Carrero, N Fàbregas, F Iturri, N Saiz-Sapena, L Valencia
INTRODUCTION: The analysis of surgical processes should be a standard of health systems. We describe the circuit of care and postoperative treatment for neurosurgical interventions in the centres of our country. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From June to October 2014, a survey dealing with perioperative treatments and postoperative circuits after neurosurgical procedures was sent to the chiefs of Anaesthesiology of 73 Spanish hospitals with neurosurgery and members of the Neuroscience Section of SEDAR...
March 16, 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318085/inflammatory-double-hit-model-of-temporomandibular-joint-disorder-with-elevated-ccl2-cxcl9-cxcl10-rantes-and-behavioural-hypersensitivity-in-tnfr1-r2-mice
#16
S L McIlwrath, R Nesemeier, F Ma, H S Oz, L Zhang, K N Westlund
BACKGROUND: Patients with temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD), reactive arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis often have combined etiology of hereditary and microenvironmental factors contributing to joint pain. Multiple clinical and animal studies indicate 'double-hit' inflammatory insults can cause chronic inflammation. The first inflammatory insult primes the immune system and subsequent insults elicit amplified responses. The present 'double hit' study produced a chronic orofacial pain model in mice with genetic deletion of both TNFα receptors (TNFR1/R2-/-), investigating the main nociceptive signalling pathways in comparisons to wild type mice...
March 20, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318077/the-effectiveness-of-familiar-auditory-stimulus-on-hospitalized-neonates-physiologic-responses-to-procedural-pain
#17
Elham Azarmnejad, Forogh Sarhangi, Mahrooz Javadi, Nahid Rejeh, Susan Amirsalari, Seyed Davood Tadrisi
Hospitalized neonates usually undergo different painful procedures. This study sought to test the effects of a familiar auditory stimulus on the physiologic responses to pain of venipuncture among neonates in intensive care unit. The study design is quasi-experimental. The randomized clinical trial study was done on 60 full-term neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit between March 20 to June 20, 2014. The neonates were conveniently selected and randomly allocated to the control and the experimental groups...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317236/rehabilitation-of-revision-total-hip-replacement-a-multi-centre-survey-of-current-practice
#18
Meredith Newman, Karen Barker
BACKGROUND: Demand for revision total hip replacement (RTHR) is increasing. Outcomes after RTHR are varied, with reasonable pain relief but smaller gains in function and mobility. Whether sub-optimal rehabilitation contributes to poorer functional outcomes is unclear. Current rehabilitation is not well defined and there is little research into RTHR rehabilitation. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To gather information about the current rehabilitation of patients undergoing planned, single-stage revision or re-revision THR surgery...
March 20, 2017: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317127/two-pathways-to-self-forgiveness-a-hedonic-path-via-self-compassion-and-a-eudaimonic-path-via-the-reaffirmation-of-violated-values
#19
Lydia Woodyatt, Michael Wenzel, Matthew Ferber
Self-forgiveness is often measured as a hedonic end-state, as the presence of positive affect and the absence of negative affect towards the self following a wrongdoing. However, self-forgiveness is also referred to as a difficult process. Self-forgiveness as a process of accepting responsibility and working through one's wrongdoing is a substantially un-hedonic - it is likely to be uncomfortable and at times painful. In this study, we examine two pathways to self-forgiveness: a hedonic focused pathway (via self-compassion) and a eudaimonic pathway (via reaffirmation of transgressed values)...
March 20, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315666/feasibility-and-safety-of-a-powered-exoskeleton-for-assisted-walking-for-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-single-group-preliminary-study
#20
Allan J Kozlowski, Michelle Fabian, Dipan Lad, Andrew Delgado
OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility, safety, and secondary benefit potential of exoskeleton-assisted walking with one device for persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) DESIGN: Single-group longitudinal preliminary study with 8-week baseline, 8-week intervention, and 4-week follow-up. SETTING: Outpatient MS clinic at tertiary care hospital. PARTICIPANTS: The 13 participants were mostly female who ranged in age from 38-62 years and on Expanded Disability Status Scale scores from 5...
March 15, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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