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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820084/the-effectiveness-of-healthy-meals-at-work-on-reaction-time-mood-and-dietary-intake-a-randomised-cross-over-study-in-daytime-and-shift-workers-at-an-university-hospital
#1
Eva Leedo, Anne Marie Beck, Arne Astrup, Anne D Lassen
Our dietary habits affect both cognitive performance and mood. The aim of the study was to examine the effect of increased availability of healthy meals and water at work on healthcare staff. The study used an 8-week randomised cross-over design. A total of sixty physicians, nurses and nursing assistants, including sixteen working on shifts, were recruited. The participants received a self-selected keyhole-labelled (Nordic nutrition label) lunch, snack and bottled water during each shift throughout the intervention period...
July 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814284/effect-of-poly-hexamethylene-biguanide-hydrochloride-phmb-treated-non-sterile-medical-gloves-upon-the-transmission-of-streptococcus-pyogenes-carbapenem-resistant-e-coli-mrsa-and-klebsiella-pneumoniae-from-contact-surfaces
#2
S Ali, A P R Wilson
BACKGROUND: Reduction of accidental contamination of the near-patient environment has potential to reduce acquisition of healthcare-associated infection(s). Although medical gloves should be removed when soiled or touching the environment, compliance is variable. The use of antimicrobial-impregnated medical gloves could reduce the horizontal-transfer of bacterial contamination between surfaces. AIM: Determine the activity of antimicrobial-impregnated gloves against common hospital pathogens: Streptococcus pyogenes, carbapenem-resistant E...
August 17, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809593/water-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-jordan-s-healthcare-facilities
#3
Yousef Saleh Khader
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to determine water availability, sanitation and hygiene (WSH) services, and healthcare waste management in Jordan healthcare facilities. Design/methodology/approach In total, 19 hospitals (15 public and four private) were selected. The WSH services were assessed in hospitals using the WSH in health facilities assessment tool developed for this purpose. Findings All hospitals (100 percent) had a safe water source and most (84.2 percent) had functional water sources to provide enough water for users' needs...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806966/an-exploratory-study-assessing-psychological-distress-of-indigents-in-burkina-faso-a-step-forward-in-understanding-mental-health-needs-in-west-africa
#4
Émilie Pigeon-Gagné, Ghayga Hassan, Maurice Yaogo, Valéry Ridde
BACKGROUND: Poverty is known as an important determinant of health, but empirical data are still missing on the relationships between poverty, other adverse living conditions, and psychological distress, particularly in low-income countries. This study aimed to assess mental health needs and psychological distress among the poorest in rural settings in Burkina Faso where food security and access to water, electricity, schooling, and healthcare are limited. METHODS: We randomly selected 2000 individuals previously identified as indigents by a community-targeting process...
August 14, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798502/reducing-the-environmental-impact-of-clinical-laboratories
#5
Joseph B Lopez, David Jackson, Alistair Gammie, Tony Badrick
Healthcare is a significant contributor to environmental impact but this has received little attention. The typical laboratory uses far more energy and water per unit area than the typical office building. There is a need to sensitise laboratories to the importance of adopting good environmental practices. Since this comes at an initial cost, it is vital to obtain senior management support. Convincing management of the various tangible and intangible benefits that can accrue in the long run should help achieve this support...
February 2017: Clinical Biochemist. Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792197/transparent-copper-loaded-chitosan-silica-antibacterial-coatings-with-long-term-efficacy
#6
Debirupa Mitra, Min Li, En-Tang Kang, Koon-Gee Neoh
Bacteria-contaminated inanimate surfaces within hospitals and clinics result in transmission of pathogens via direct or indirect contact, leading to increased risk of healthcare-associated infections (HAI). The use of antibacterial coatings is a potential way of reducing the bacterial burden, but many surfaces like instrument panels and monitors necessitate the coatings to be transparent while being highly antibacterial. In this work, silica nanoparticles (SiO2 NPs) were first grown over a layer of acrylated quaternized chitosan (AQCS) covalently immobilized on commercially available transparent polyvinyl fluoride (PVF) films...
August 9, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771648/survey-of-hospital-employees-personal-preparedness-and-willingness-to-work-following-a-disaster
#7
Jane H Brice, David Gregg, Dalton Sawyer, Julianne M Cyr
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the personal readiness of hospital staff for disasters. As many as 30% of hospital staff say that they plan not to report for work during a large-scale disaster. We sought to understand the personal disaster preparedness for hospital staff. METHODS: Surveys were distributed to the staff of a large academic tertiary-care hospital by either a paper-based version distributed through the departmental safety coordinators or a Web-based version distributed through employee e-mail services, depending on employee familiarity with and access to computer services...
August 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771006/continuous-hydrothermal-synthesis-of-inorganic-nanoparticles-applications-and-future-directions
#8
Jawwad A Darr, Jingyi Zhang, Neel M Makwana, Xiaole Weng
Nanomaterials are at the leading edge of the emerging field of nanotechnology. Their unique and tunable size-dependent properties (in the range 1-100 nm) make these materials indispensable in many modern technological applications. In this Review, we summarize the state-of-art in the manufacture and applications of inorganic nanoparticles made using continuous hydrothermal flow synthesis (CHFS) processes. First, we introduce ideal requirements of any flow process for nanoceramics production, outline different approaches to CHFS, and introduce the pertinent properties of supercritical water and issues around mixing in flow, to generate nanoparticles...
August 3, 2017: Chemical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770343/value-of-gastrografin-in-adhesive-small-bowel-obstruction
#9
Anna Weiss, Divya Sood, Scott E Greenway, Marco Tomassi
BACKGROUND: Small bowel obstruction (SBO) from adhesive disease presents great burden for the healthcare system. Some groups have reported water soluble contrast agents (WSCA) protocols, but published studies are underpowered. This study introduces a WSCA protocol to improve outcomes and streamline patient care. STUDY DESIGN: The study ran July 1, 2013-June 30, 2015, at Kaiser Permanente San Diego; protocol started July 1, 2014. Data was collected prospectively, on an intention to treat basis...
August 2, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768518/water-sanitation-and-hygiene-infrastructure-and-quality-in-rural-healthcare-facilities-in-rwanda
#10
Alexandra Huttinger, Robert Dreibelbis, Felix Kayigamba, Fidel Ngabo, Leodomir Mfura, Brittney Merryweather, Amelie Cardon, Christine Moe
BACKGROUND: WHO and UNICEF have proposed an action plan to achieve universal water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) coverage in healthcare facilities (HCFs) by 2030. The WASH targets and indicators for HCFs include: an improved water source on the premises accessible to all users, basic sanitation facilities, a hand washing facility with soap and water at all sanitation facilities and patient care areas. To establish viable targets for WASH in HCFs, investigation beyond 'access' is needed to address the state of WASH infrastructure and service provision...
August 3, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759580/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-towards-yaws-and-yaws-like-skin-disease-in-ghana
#11
Michael Marks, Cynthia Kwakye-Maclean, Rachel Doherty, Paul Adwere, Abdul Aziz Abdulai, Fredrick Duah, Sally-Ann Ohene, Oriol Mitja, Blanche Oguti, Anthony W Solomon, David C W Mabey, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie, Kingsley Asiedu, Mercy M Ackumey
INTRODUCTION: Yaws is endemic in Ghana. The World Health Organization (WHO) has launched a new global eradication campaign based on total community mass treatment with azithromycin. Achieving high coverage of mass treatment will be fundamental to the success of this new strategy; coverage is dependent, in part, on appropriate community mobilisation. An understanding of community knowledge, attitudes and practices related to yaws in Ghana and other endemic countries will be vital in designing effective community engagement strategies...
July 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756695/cardiometabolic-risks-lifestyle-health-behaviors-and-heart-disease-in-filipino-americans
#12
Maria Lg Bayog, Catherine M Waters
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among all racial and ethnic populations in the USA. Cardiovascular risks and cardioprotective factors have been disparately estimated among Asian American subpopulations. AIMS: The study's purpose was to describe the cardiometabolic risks and lifestyle health behaviors associated with cardiovascular disease, considering age and gender, in Filipinos, the second largest Asian American population. METHODS: Secondary analysis was conducted of behavioral (smoking, walking, body mass index and soda, fast food and fruit/vegetable consumption), cardiometabolic (hypertension and diabetes) and heart disease variables in the 2011-2012 California Health Interview Survey...
August 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756169/public-health-and-healthcare-associated-risk-of-electric-warm-water-bidet-toilets
#13
Akiko Kanayama Katsuse, Hiroshi Takahashi, Sadako Yoshizawa, Kazuhiro Tateda, Yasuhiro Nakanishi, Akihiro Kaneko, Intetsu Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: In recent years, installation of bidet toilets within hospitals in Japan has raised concerns regarding potential for cross-contamination by antimicrobial resistant bacteria from patients who are hospitalized over an extended period. AIM: To investigate the distribution of antimicrobial resistant bacteria recovered from bidet toilets at a university-affiliated hospital in Japan. METHODS: All 292 electronic bidet toilets at a university hospital were sampled for contamination...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730159/antibiotic-prescribing-for-adults-hospitalized-in-the-etiology-of-pneumonia-in-the-community-study
#14
Sara Tomczyk, Seema Jain, Anna M Bramley, Wesley H Self, Evan J Anderson, Chris Trabue, D Mark Courtney, Carlos G Grijalva, Grant W Waterer, Kathryn M Edwards, Richard G Wunderink, Lauri A Hicks
BACKGROUND: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) 2007 guidelines from the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA)/American Thoracic Society (ATS) recommend a respiratory fluoroquinolone or beta-lactam plus macrolide as first-line antibiotics for adults hospitalized with CAP. Few studies have assessed guideline-concordant antibiotic use for patients hospitalized with CAP after the 2007 IDSA/ATS guidelines. We examine antibiotics prescribed and associated factors in adults hospitalized with CAP...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730065/exploring-structural-violence-in-the-context-of-disability-and-poverty-in-zimbabwe
#15
Jennifer T Muderedzi, Arne H Eide, Stine H Braathen, Babill Stray-Pedersen
BACKGROUND: While it is widely assumed that disability, poverty and health are closely linked, research falls short of fully understanding the link. One approach to analysing the links between disability and poverty is through the concept of structural violence, referring to social structures that contribute to the impoverishment of individuals or communities. These structures can be political, ecological, legal and economic, among others. OBJECTIVE: To explore structural violence and how it affects families of children with cerebral palsy among the Tonga ethnic group living in poor rural communities of Binga in Zimbabwe...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728760/adhd-and-everyday-life-healthcare-as-a-significant-lifeline
#16
Britt Laugesen, Marlene Briciet Lauritsen, Rikke Jørgensen, Erik Elgaard Sørensen, Mette Grønkjær, Philippa Rasmussen
AIM: The aim of this qualitative study was to explore parental experiences of how healthcare practices and healthcare professionals in hospital clinics in Denmark influence everyday life of parents with a child with ADHD. DESIGN AND METHODS: The methodology was focused ethnography. Participant observation and interviews were used as the primary data collection methods. Fifteen families of children with ADHD were included from somatic and psychiatric hospital clinics...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714493/handwashing-practices-in-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-paediatric-intensive-care-unit-and-neonatal-nurseries-in-patan-hospital
#17
S Joshi, P Amatya, B Poudel, S A Yadav
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene has been identified as the single most important factor in minimising hospital acquired infections. However, compliance of handwashing guidelines has remained low. The aim of this study was to study the handwashing practices in the Paediatric and Neonatal intensive care units and Neonatal nurseries in Patan Hospital, and secondly to re-evaluate the improvement on compliance of handwashing guidelines after intervention. METHODS: Pre-intervention study was conducted by covertly observing the handwashing practices by the healthcare workers...
January 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714117/a-swellable-microneedle-patch-to-rapidly-extract-skin-interstitial-fluid-for-timely-metabolic-analysis
#18
Hao Chang, Mengjia Zheng, Xiaojun Yu, Aung Than, Razina Z Seeni, Rongjie Kang, Jingqi Tian, Duong Phan Khanh, Linbo Liu, Peng Chen, Chenjie Xu
Skin interstitial fluid (ISF) is an emerging source of biomarkers for disease diagnosis and prognosis. Microneedle (MN) patch has been identified as an ideal platform to extract ISF from the skin due to its pain-free and easy-to-administrated properties. However, long sampling time is still a serious problem which impedes timely metabolic analysis. In this study, a swellable MN patch that can rapidly extract ISF is developed. The MN patch is made of methacrylated hyaluronic acid (MeHA) and further crosslinked through UV irradiation...
July 17, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710484/colored-and-fluorescent-nanofibrous-silk-as-a-physically-transient-chemosensor-and-vitamin-deliverer
#19
Kyungtaek Min, Sookyoung Kim, Chang Gun Kim, Sunghwan Kim
Biodegradable and physically transient optics represent an emerging paradigm in healthcare devices by harnessing optically active system and obviating issues with chronic uses. Light emitting components that can efficiently interact with their environments have advantages of high sensitivity, visibility, and wireless operation. Here, we report a novel combination of silk biopolymer and optically active organic dyes resulting in versatile fluorescent silk nanofibers (FSNs). FSNs generated by the electrospinning method exhibit attractive functions of the doped organic dyes along with programming the system that physically disappear at prescribed time...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710211/occupational-risk-for-legionella-infection-among-dental-healthcare-workers-meta-analysis-in-occupational-epidemiology
#20
Stefano Petti, Matteo Vitali
OBJECTIVE: The occupational risk for Legionella infection among dental healthcare workers (DHCWs) is conjectured because of the risk of routine inhalation of potentially contaminated aerosols produced by the dental instruments. Nevertheless, occupational epidemiology studies are contrasting. This meta-analysis assessed the level of scientific evidence regarding the relative occupational risk for Legionella infection among DHCWs. METHODS: Literature search was performed without time and language restrictions, using broad data banks (PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, GOOGLE Scholar) and generic keywords ('legionella' AND 'dent*')...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
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