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Endometrial cancer and biopsy

David Ullman, Erin Baumgartner, Nicholas Wnukowski, Gabe Koenig, Fady M Mikhail, Peter Pavlidakey, Deniz Peker
Muir-Torre Syndrome (MTS) is a rare hereditary autosomal dominant cancer syndrome and is linked to hereditary non-polyposis colorectal carcinoma (Lynch Syndrome). Individuals develop various skin neoplasms in addition to colorectal, endometrial and upper gastrointestinal malignancies. Therapy-associated myelodysplastic syndrome (T-MDS) is an aggressive hematologic malignancy and is considered a pre-leukemic phase. T-MDS is associated with prior exposure to chemo- and radiotherapy that potentially results in DNA damage...
February 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Osman Nuri Dilek, Emine Özlem Gür, Turan Acar, Serpil Aydoğmuş
INTRODUCTION: Endometrial cancer is the fourth most common female cancer and also distant metastases to the chest wall associated with these tumors are seen less common. Surgical treatment options for metastases of endometrial cancer are limited. CASE: A 57-year-old patient who underwent total abdominal hysterectomy + bilateral salpingo oophorectomy and received adjuvant chemotherapy for endometrioid-type adenocarcinoma of the endometrium and tuba is presented...
February 12, 2018: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
S Kommoss, M K McConechy, F Kommoss, S Leung, A Bunz, J Magrill, H Britton, F Kommoss, F Grevenkamp, A Karnezis, W Yang, A Lum, B Krämer, F Taran, A Staebler, S Lax, S Y Brucker, D G Huntsman, C B Gilks, J N McAlpine, A Talhouk
Introduction: Based on The Cancer Genome Atlas, we previously developed and confirmed a pragmatic molecular classifier for endometrial cancers; ProMisE (Proactive Molecular Risk Classifier for Endometrial Cancer). ProMisE identifies four prognostically distinct molecular subtypes, and can be applied to diagnostic specimens (biopsy/curettings), enabling earlier informed decision-making. We have strictly adhered to the Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines for the development of genomic biomarkers, and herein present the final validation step of a locked-down classifier prior to clinical application...
February 7, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Helena Malvezzi, Bruno Gallani Viana, Cristine Dobo, Renee Zon Filippi, Sérgio Podgaec, Carla Azevedo Piccinato
PROPOSE: Endometriosis is a benign disease characterized by implantation and the growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity and it shares similarities with cancer. Lamin B1, p16 and p21 play a role on cell cycle regulation, development, cell repair and its activities are related to cancers. Considering the similarities between endometriosis and cancer, the aim of the present cross-sectional study is to detect p16, p21 and Lamin B1 in the ectopic endometrium of patients with endometriosis (n = 8) with eutopic (n = 8) and control endometrium (n = 8) and relate them to the maintenance and development of endometriosis...
February 7, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Enrico Vizza, Giacomo Corrado, Martina De Angeli, Mariantonia Carosi, Emanuela Mancini, Ermelinda Baiocco, Benito Chiofalo, Lodovico Patrizi, Ashanti Zampa, Giulia Piaggio, Lucia Cicchillitti
BACKGROUND: Circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) and its integrity index may represent a rapid and noninvasive "liquid biopsy" biomarker, which gives important complementary information for diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment stratification in cancer patients. The aim of our study was to evaluate the possible role of cfDNA and its integrity index as a complementary tool for endometrial cancer (EC) management. METHODS: Alu-quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) analysis wasprformed on 60 serum samples from preoperative EC patients randomly recruited...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Carlos Parra-Herran, Matthew Cesari, Bojana Djordjevic, Katherine Grondin, Mary Kinloch, Martin Köbel, Amrah Pirzada, Anna Plotkin, C Blake Gilks
Standardized terminology has proven benefits in cancer reporting; in contrast, reporting of benign diagnoses in endometrial biopsy currently lacks such standardization. Unification and update on the lexicon can provide the structure and consistency needed for optimal patient care and quality assurance purposes. The Special Interest Group in Gynecologic Pathology of the Canadian Association of Pathologists-Association Canadienne des Pathologistes (CAP-ACP) embarked in an initiative to address the current need for consensus terminology in benign endometrial biopsy pathology reporting...
January 24, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
Aisha Akhtar, Atul Ratra, Yana Puckett, Abu Baker Sheikh, Catherine A Ronaghan
Breast cancer rarely metastasizes to the uterus. Here, we report two breast cancer patients with synchronous metastases to the uterus. Case 1 highlights a 46-year-old female with invasive ductal carcinoma who presented with a breast mass and was found to have uterine enlargement on positron emission tomography (PET) scan. Biopsy revealed a metastatic 4 mm focus of breast cancer in the background of endometrial hyperplasia. Case 2 reports a 62-year-old postmenopausal female diagnosed with lobular carcinoma of the breast following an abnormal screening mammogram...
November 13, 2017: Curēus
Murat Öz, Alper Karalök, Levent Şirvan, Tolga Taşçı, Reyhan Öcalan, Ahmet Taner Turan, Tayfun Güngör, Mehmet Mutlu Meydanlı
Background/aim: The vanishing cancer phenomenon was first reported in radical prostatectomy specimens in the absence of neo-adjuvant treatment. Reported cases are mostly well-differentiated and low-volume tumors. A similar entity was described for hysterectomy specimens of patients with biopsy proven endometrial cancer (EC). In this study, we discuss the probable reasons for vanishing EC and long-term follow-up results of EC patients without residual tumors in hysterectomy specimens. Materials and methods: This study was carried at two institutions in Ankara, Turkey, in a retrospective design...
December 19, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Malcolm Strachan Ross, Esther Elishaev, Jessica Layne Berger, Joseph Leo Kelley, Sarah Elizabeth Taylor
OBJECTIVES: Uterine carcinosarcomas are an aggressive and rare form of endometrial cancer. Omentectomy is not part of routine staging, but biopsy is often done because omental disease is a known poor prognostic indicator. We sought to define the role of routine omental sampling during surgical staging. METHODS/MATERIALS: Patients who underwent staging for uterine carcinosarcoma at our institution from January 2000 to December 2013 were identified. Clinical and pathological data were abstracted...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Vadsala Baskaran, Laura Pugh, Robert James Berg, John Anderson
Endobronchial metastasis occurs in only 2%-5% of non-pulmonary cancers. Here we report on an 84-year-old woman who presented with breathlessness and light-headedness while on holiday in Australia, 2 years post-treatment for endometrial cancer. Initial CT pulmonary angiogram identified a soft tissue mass in the left hemithorax. A chest radiograph performed after repatriation was consistent with a large left pleural effusion, but bedside ultrasound showed a lobulated mass involving the left hemidiaphragm. A pleural procedure in the traditional 'triangle of safety' would have resulted in inadvertent puncture of the underlying mass...
December 28, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
Nenad Lucic, Dragica Draganovic, Sanja Sibincic, Vesna Ecim-Zlojutro, Snjezana Milicevic
Objective: The aim of this work is to show the importance of the depth of myometrium invasion, tumour size and lymphovascular invasion as prognostic factors in dissemination of lymphatic nodes at endometrial carcinoma (CE). Materials and methods: In the period from 2010 to 2015 at the University Clinic for Gynecology and Obstetrics in Banja Luka, 221 endometrial cancer surgeries were done (laparatomy 184-83%, laparascopy 37-16,74%). Patients who had uterus bleeding in peri/postmenopause or those whose endometrium thickness was bigger than 5 mm which was established by ultrasound, or those who had in their cavum uteri pathological (PH) diagnosis, underwent fractional curettage (FC) or hysteroscopy in order to obtain pathohistological endometrium diagnosis...
October 2017: Medical Archives
Barbara Geppert, Céline Lönnerfors, Michele Bollino, Jan Persson
OBJECTIVE: To compare the rate of lymphatic complications in women with endometrial cancer undergoing sentinel lymph node biopsy versus a full pelvic and infrarenal paraaortic lymphadenectomy, and to examine the overall feasibility and safety of the former. METHODS: A prospective study of 188 patients with endometrial cancer planned for robotic surgery. Indocyanine green was used to identify the sentinel lymph nodes. In low-risk patients the lymphadenectomy was restricted to removal of sentinel lymph nodes whereas in high-risk patients also a full lymphadenectomy was performed...
March 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
Ingrid Norman, Anders Hjerpe, Joakim Dillner
OBJECTIVES: To determine how human papillomavirus (HPV) positivity of atypical glandular cells (AGCs) affects the predictive values for the presence of high-grade cervical lesions. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Stockholm-Gotland region, Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: Between 17 February 2014 and 30 June 2016, there were 562 women with AGC detected in a cervical sample. Registry linkages up to 30 June 2016 identified 392 women with an associated HPV test and a histopathological follow-up...
December 14, 2017: BMJ Open
Bingying Xie, Cuifeng Qian, Bingyi Yang, Chengcheng Ning, Xiaoying Yao, Yan Du, Yue Shi, Xuezhen Luo, Xiaojun Chen
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk factors for Pipelle diagnostic failure, which might help healthcare providers choose the appropriate protocol for endometrial evaluation individually. DESIGN: A single-center prospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II). SETTING: The Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University. PATIENTS: Patients (n = 466) with an indication for endometrial biopsy. INTERVENTIONS: All patients received Pipelle and then diagnostic dilation and curettage...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Ruben Ruiz, Mikel Gorostidi, Ibon Jaunarena, Constance Goiri, Justina Aguerre, Arantxa Lekuona
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was describe a novel sentinel lymph node (SLN) tracer injection procedure featuring dual cervical and fundal indocyanine green (ICG) injection for endometrial cancer and results of SLN biopsy. METHODS: Between June 26, 2014 and October 31, 2016, 111 patients underwent laparoscopic surgery for endometrial cancer at our institution. In all cases, we performed SLN biopsy with dual cervical and fundal ICG injection. All SLNs were processed with an ultrastaging technique...
January 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Se Hyun Paek, Ka Hee Yi, Su-Jin Kim, June Young Choi, Kyu Eun Lee, Young Joo Park, Do-Joon Park, Keon Wook Kang, June-Key Chung
Purpose: Various methods of sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy in thyroid cancer have been introduced. Tc-99m phytate as a radiotracer has been successfully utilized for SLN biopsy in breast, cervix, and endometrial cancer. We assessed the feasibility of SLN dissection using Tc-99m phytate in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Methods: Seventeen patients with PTC were prospectively enrolled. Ultrasound-guided peritumoral injection of 55.5 MBq Tc-99m phytate in 0.25-mL normal saline was performed...
November 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
Marcos Ballester, Sofiane Bendifallah, Emile Daraï
Endometrial cancer (EC) is a major source of morbidity and mortality in women worldwide. In France, in 2015, EC was the first gynecological cancer in terms of incidence. Its prognosis is considered favorable because it is most often limited to the uterus at diagnosis. Nevertheless, it is a heterogeneous pathology and 5-year overall survival can vary from 92 % to 42 % in FIGO stage I depending on its histological characteristics. This great heterogeneity leads to important disparities in its surgical management as well as in indications for adjuvant therapies...
December 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
Susan Hosseini Nasab, Neda Jooya, Aryan Esmaeili, Neda Zarrin Khameh, Concepcion Diaz-Arrastia, Mazdak Momeni
OBJECTIVES: To explore whether the metabolic switches proceed or succeed the histological changes in precancerous lesions. To validate pyruvate kinase isoform 1 (PKM1) and pyruvate kinase isoform 2 (PKM2) as a histological biomarker to predict the progression of endometrial hyperplasia into invasive cancer status. METHODS: The records of 56 patients with a primary diagnosis of complex hyperplasia with atypia after endometrial biopsy were selected and analyzed retrospectively...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
Tomohito Tanaka, Yoshito Terai, Satoe Fujiwara, Yoshimichi Tanaka, Hiroshi Sasaki, Satoshi Tsunetoh, Kazuhiro Yamamoto, Takashi Yamada, Masahide Ohmichi
BACKGROUND: The examination of a sentinel lymph node (SLN), where lymph node metastasis first occurs, may be advocated as an alternative staging technique. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and detection rates of an SLN biopsy in patients with endometrial cancer. STUDY DESIGN: Two hundred and eleven patients with endometrial cancer underwent an SLN biopsy at hysterectomy using three kinds of tracers including 99m-technetium-labeled tin colloid (99m Tc), indigo carmine and indocyanine green...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
Szymon Piątek, Jacek Lipa, Monika Górska, Katarzyna Malecha, Grzegorz Panek, Mirosław Wielgoś
OBJECTIVES: Endocervical curettage (ECC) together with the dilatation and curettage of the uterine cavity (D & C) is routinely performed in everyday clinical practice. The aim of this study is to assess the rationale of the performance of ECC prior to D & C in indications other than abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Case histories of 736 patients after ECC performed in the 1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Medical University of Warsaw, were analyzed retrospectively, the indications for the procedure - age, menopausal status, parity, procedure operator's experience - as well as the result of the histopathology examination were taken into account...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
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