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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156243/isolation-identification-and-selection-of-antagonistic-yeast-against-alternaria-alternata-infection-and-tenuazonic-acid-production-in-wine-grapes-from-argentina
#1
Luciana P Prendes, María G Merín, Ariel R Fontana, Rubén A Bottini, María L Ramirez, Vilma I Morata de Ambrosini
Epiphytic isolates with yeast characteristics from grapes of the Malbec cultivar were obtained in order to find antagonists against Alternaria alternata. From a total of 111 isolates, 82% corresponded to the yeast-like organism Aureobasidium pullulans and the rest to the non-Saccharomyces yeasts Hanseniaspora uvarum (6.3%), Metschnikowia pulcherrima or spp. (5.4%), Cryptoccocus laurentti II (2.7%), Starmerella bacilaris or Candida zemplinina (2.7%) and Rhodotorula spp. (0.9%). The 22.4% (15 out of 67) of epiphytic yeasts and yeast-like organisms evaluated were able to reduce A...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155816/liposomal-amphotericin-b-in-travelers-with-cutaneous-and-muco-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-not-a-panacea
#2
Romain Guery, Benoit Henry, Guillaume Martin-Blondel, Claire Rouzaud, Florence Cordoliani, Gundel Harms, Jean-Pierre Gangneux, Françoise Foulet, Emmanuelle Bourrat, Michel Baccard, Gloria Morizot, Paul-Henri Consigny, Antoine Berry, Johannes Blum, Olivier Lortholary, Pierre Buffet
BACKGROUND: Complex cutaneous and muco-cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL and MCL) often requires systemic therapy. Liposomal amphotericin B (L-AmB) has a strong potential for a solid clinical benefit in this indication. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of data from a French centralized referral treatment program and from the "LeishMan" European consortium database. All patients with parasitologically proven CL or MCL who received at least one dose of L-AmB were included...
November 20, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154649/the-limits-of-visual-working-memory-in-children-exploring-prioritization-and-recency-effects-with-sequential-presentation
#3
Ed D J Berry, Amanda H Waterman, Alan D Baddeley, Graham J Hitch, Richard J Allen
Recent research has demonstrated that, when instructed to prioritize a serial position in visual working memory (WM), adults are able to boost performance for this selected item, at a cost to nonprioritized items (e.g., Hu, Hitch, Baddeley, Zhang, & Allen, 2014). While executive control appears to play an important role in this ability, the increased likelihood of recalling the most recently presented item (i.e., the recency effect) is relatively automatic, possibly driven by perceptual mechanisms. In 3 Experiments 7 to 10 year-old's ability to prioritize items in WM was investigated using a sequential visual task (total N = 208)...
November 20, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154380/primary-care-provider-preferences-for-communication-with-inpatient-teams-one-size-does-not-fit-all
#4
David Lawrence, Aarti K Shah, Elizabeth K Lee, Sarah J Conway, Mukund K Ramkumar, Hailey J James, William S Queale, Sara C Keller, Elizabeth L Biddison, Peter C Gregg, Bimal H Ashar, Sanjay V Desai, Daniel J Brotman, Stephen A Berry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153840/association-of-omics-features-with-histopathology-patterns-in-lung-adenocarcinoma
#5
Kun-Hsing Yu, Gerald J Berry, Daniel L Rubin, Christopher Ré, Russ B Altman, Michael Snyder
Adenocarcinoma accounts for more than 40% of lung malignancy, and microscopic pathology evaluation is indispensable for its diagnosis. However, how histopathology findings relate to molecular abnormalities remains largely unknown. Here, we obtained H&E-stained whole-slide histopathology images, pathology reports, RNA sequencing, and proteomics data of 538 lung adenocarcinoma patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas and used these to identify molecular pathways associated with histopathology patterns. We report cell-cycle regulation and nucleotide binding pathways underpinning tumor cell dedifferentiation, and we predicted histology grade using transcriptomics and proteomics signatures (area under curve >0...
November 13, 2017: Cell Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153575/persistent-iron-within-the-infarct-core%C3%A2-after-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-implications-for-left-ventricular-remodeling-and-health%C3%A2-outcomes
#6
Jaclyn Carberry, David Carrick, Caroline Haig, Nadeem Ahmed, Ify Mordi, Margaret McEntegart, Mark C Petrie, Hany Eteiba, Stuart Hood, Stuart Watkins, Mitchell Lindsay, Andrew Davie, Ahmed Mahrous, Ian Ford, Naveed Sattar, Paul Welsh, Aleksandra Radjenovic, Keith G Oldroyd, Colin Berry
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the incidence and prognostic significance of persistent iron in patients post-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). BACKGROUND: The clinical significance of persistent iron within the infarct core after STEMI complicated by acute myocardial hemorrhage is poorly understood. METHODS: Patients who sustained an acute STEMI were enrolled in a cohort study (BHF MR-MI [Detection and Significance of Heart Injury in ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction])...
November 10, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153162/a-100-year-review-a-century-of-change-in-temperate-grazing-dairy-systems
#7
J R Roche, D P Berry, A M Bryant, C R Burke, S T Butler, P G Dillon, D J Donaghy, B Horan, K A Macdonald, K L Macmillan
From 1917 to 2017, dairy grazing systems have evolved from uncontrolled grazing of unimproved pastures by dual-purpose dairy-beef breeds to an intensive system with a high output per unit of land from a fit-for-purpose cow. The end of World War I signaled significant government investments in agricultural research institutes around the world, which coincided with technological breakthroughs in milk harvesting and a recognition that important traits in both plants and animals could be improved upon relatively rapidly through genetic selection...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153091/detection-of-complex-genomic-signatures-associated-with-risk-in-plasma-cell-disorders
#8
Nadine K Berry, Amanda Dixon-McIver, Rodney J Scott, Philip Rowlings, Anoop K Enjeti
Plasma cell disorders (PCD) range from benign to highly malignant disease. The ability to detect risk-stratifying aberrations based on cytogenetic and molecular genetic assays plays an increasing role in therapeutic decision making. In this study, 58 patients were chosen for screening by comparative genomic hybridisation microarray (aCGH) to identify the new high-risk prognostic markers of chromothripsis and chromoanasynthesis. All patients had an unequivocal clinical diagnosis of a plasma cell disorder (plasma cell myeloma (PCM)(n = 51) or monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS)(n = 7)) and an abnormal FISH result...
December 2017: Cancer Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150035/thoracic-surgery-considerations-in-obese-patients
#9
REVIEW
Douglas Z Liou, Mark F Berry
The obesity epidemic in the United States has increased greatly over the past several decades, and thoracic surgeons are likely to see obese patients routinely in their practices. Obesity has direct deleterious health effects such as metabolic disorder and cardiovascular disease, and is associated with many cancers. Obese patients who need thoracic surgery pose practical challenges to many of the routine elements in perioperative management. Preoperative assessment of obesity-related comorbid conditions and risk stratification for surgery, thorough intraoperative planning for anesthesia and surgery, and postoperative strategies to optimize pulmonary hygiene and mobility minimize the risk of adverse outcomes...
February 2018: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146247/distribution-of-apple-and-blackcurrant-microbiota-in-lithuania-and-the-czech-republic
#10
Iglė Vepštaitė-Monstavičė, Juliana Lukša, Ramunė Stanevičienė, Živilė Strazdaitė-Žielienė, Vyacheslav Yurchenko, Saulius Serva, Elena Servienė
The microbial assemblies on the surface of plants correlate with specific climatic features, suggesting a direct link between environmental conditions and microbial inhabitation patterns. At the same time however, microbial communities demonstrate distinct profiles depending on the plant species and region of origin. In this study, we report Next Generation Sequencing-based metagenomic analysis of microbial communities associated with apple and blackcurrant fruits harvested from Lithuania and the Czech Republic...
January 2018: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143897/anaplastic-lymphoma-kinase-testing-ihc-vs-fish-vs-ngs
#11
REVIEW
Xiaomin Niu, Jody C Chuang, Gerald J Berry, Heather A Wakelee
Personalized targeted therapy has emerged as a promising strategy in lung cancer treatment, with current attention focused on elucidation and detection of oncogenic drivers responsible for tumor initiation and maintenance and development of drug resistance. In lung cancer, several oncogenic drivers have been reported, triggering the application of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) to target these dysfunctional genes. The anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangement is responsible for about 4-7% of all non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs) and perhaps as high as a third in specific patient populations such as younger, male, non-smokers with advanced stage, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene (KRAS) wild type, and signet ring cell adenocarcinoma with abundant intracytoplasmic mucin...
November 16, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141407/partial-solar-radiation-exclusion-with-color-shade-nets-reduce-the-degradation-of-organic-acids-and-flavonoids-of-grape-berry-vitis-vinifera-l
#12
Johan Martínez-Lüscher, Christopher Cody Lee Chen, Luca Brillante, Sahap Kaan Kurtural
The incidence of solar radiation on red-skinned grapes can promote the synthesis of flavonoid desirable for wine production, elevated temperature may impair their accumulation. We performed a shade cloth trial covering the fruit zone (from pepper-corn size to maturity) with four polyethylene 1-meter curtains with different optical properties (20% shading factor Pearl colored and 40% shading factor Aluminet, Blue and Black colored) and a Control with no cover. Cluster temperature was 3.7°C lower on the Southwest side in Black-40% clusters during the warmest part of the day compared to Control...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141041/effects-of-a-mixed-berry-beverage-on-cognitive-functions-and-cardiometabolic-risk-markers-a-randomized-cross-over-study-in-healthy-older-adults
#13
Anne Nilsson, Ilkka Salo, Merichel Plaza, Inger Björck
BACKGROUND: Berries and associated bioactive compounds, e.g. polyphenols and dietary fibre (DF), may have beneficial implications with respect to the metabolic syndrome, including also cognitive functions. The aim of this study was to evaluate effects on cognitive functions and cardiometabolic risk markers of 5 wk intervention with a mixture of berries, in healthy humans. METHODS: Forty healthy subjects between 50-70 years old were provided a berry beverage based on a mixture of berries (150g blueberries, 50g blackcurrant, 50g elderberry, 50g lingonberries, 50g strawberry, and 100g tomatoes) or a control beverage, daily during 5 weeks in a randomized crossover design...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140848/mortality-trends-after-a-voluntary-checklist-based-surgical-safety-collaborative
#14
Alex B Haynes, Lizabeth Edmondson, Stuart R Lipsitz, George Molina, Bridget A Neville, Sara J Singer, Aunyika T Moonan, Ashley Kay Childers, Richard Foster, Lorri R Gibbons, Atul A Gawande, William R Berry
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether completion of a voluntary, checklist-based surgical quality improvement program is associated with reduced 30-day postoperative mortality. BACKGROUND: Despite evidence of efficacy of team-based surgical safety checklists in improving perioperative outcomes in research trials, effective methods of population-based implementation have been lacking. The Safe Surgery 2015 South Carolina program was designed to foster state-wide engagement of hospitals in a voluntary, collaborative implementation of a checklist program...
December 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140461/a-bacterial-three-hybrid-assay-detects-escherichia-coli-hfq-srna-interactions-in-vivo
#15
Katherine E Berry, Ann Hochschild
The interaction of RNA molecules with proteins is a critical aspect of gene regulation across all domains of life. Here, we report the development of a bacterial three-hybrid (B3H) assay to genetically detect RNA-protein interactions. The basis for this three-hybrid assay is a transcription-based bacterial two-hybrid assay that has been used widely to detect and dissect protein-protein interactions. In the three-hybrid assay, a DNA-bound protein with a fused RNA-binding moiety (the coat protein of bacteriophage MS2 (MS2CP)) is used to recruit a hybrid RNA upstream of a test promoter...
November 11, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140355/enhancing-the-resolution-of-a-near-eye-display-with-a-pancharatnam-berry-phase-deflector
#16
Yun-Han Lee, Tao Zhan, Shin-Tson Wu
We report an electro-optic image shifter to enhance the resolution of display devices with a Pancharatnam-Berry phase deflector (PBD). The switching time of our PBD is less than 1 ms. Through synchronizing and computational factorization, we are able to double the display resolution for reducing the screen door effect. Such a thin and lightweight PBD image shifter can be easily integrated into wearable display devices. Its potential application for virtual reality and augmented reality is emphasized.
November 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140085/electronic-structure-of-anilinopyridinate-supported-ru2-5-paddlewheel-compounds
#17
Amanda R Corcos, Michael D Roy, Michelle M Killian, Stephanie Dillon, Thomas C Brunold, John F Berry
The electronic structures of the diruthenium compounds Ru2(ap)4Cl (1, ap = 2-anilinopyridinate) and Ru2(ap)4OTf (2) were investigated with UV-vis, resonance Raman, and magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) spectroscopies; SQUID magnetometry; and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Both compounds have quartet spin ground states with large axial zero-field splitting of ∼60 cm(-1) that is characteristic of Ru2(5+) compounds having a (π*, δ*)(3) electron configuration and a Ru-Ru bond order of ∼2.5...
November 15, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139139/epiphytic-fungal-community-in-vitis-vinifera-of-the-portuguese-wine-regions
#18
M Oliveira, M Arenas, O Lage, M Cunha, M I Amorim
In the present work, fungi present in the grapevine's phyllosphere collected from the main demarcated wine regions of Portugal were identified, and their phylogenetic relationships was analyzed. A total of 46 vine samples (leaves and berries) were collected from different parts of the country, being isolated a total of 117 fungal colonies that were identified to the genus level and sequenced in the following genetic regions: internal transcribed spacer region and 18S rRNA and β-tubulin gene. Next, a phylogenetic tree reconstruction for each genetic region was built...
November 14, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138501/targeting-sxip-eb1-interaction-an-integrated-approach-to-the-discovery-of-small-molecule-modulators-of-dynamic-binding-sites
#19
T B Almeida, A J Carnell, I L Barsukov, N G Berry
End binding protein 1 (EB1) is a key element in the complex network of protein-protein interactions at microtubule (MT) growing ends, which has a fundamental role in MT polymerisation. EB1 is an important protein target as it is involved in regulating MT dynamic behaviour, and has been associated with several disease states, such as cancer and neuronal diseases. Diverse EB1 binding partners are recognised through a conserved four amino acid motif, (serine-X-isoleucine-proline) which exists within an intrinsically disordered region...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138209/healthcare-providers-gestational-weight-gain-counselling-practises-and-the-influence-of-knowledge-and-attitudes-a-cross-sectional-mixed-methods-study
#20
Jill Morris, Hara Nikolopoulos, Tanya Berry, Venu Jain, Michael Vallis, Helena Piccinini-Vallis, Rhonda C Bell
OBJECTIVE: To understand current gestational weight gain (GWG) counselling practices of healthcare providers, and the relationships between practices, knowledge and attitudes. DESIGN: Concurrent mixed methods with data integration: cross-sectional survey and semistructured interviews. PARTICIPANTS: Prenatal healthcare providers in Canada: general practitioners, obstetricians, midwives, nurse practitioners and registered nurses in primary care settings...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
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