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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933134/pitfalls-in-histoacryl-glue-injection-therapy-for-oesophageal-gastric-and-ectopic-varices-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Lulia Al-Hillawi, Terence Wong, Giovanni Tritto, Philip A Berry
Histoacryl glue is used increasingly for the treatment of gastric and ectopic varices, and there is experience in its use for oesophageal varices. It is an effective treatment, yet numerous reports of complications have accumulated. This review of the literature describes the technique, explores circulatory and vascular consideration unique to portal hypertension and categorises the complications into: "Embolisation", "local venous thrombosis", "fistulisation and extravascular injection", "ulceration, erosion and extrusion", and "nidus of infection"...
November 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933073/mistletoe-berry-outline-mapping-with-a-path-curve-function-and-recording-the-circadian-rhythm-of-their-phenotypic-shape-change
#2
Renatus Derbidge, Stephan Baumgartner, Peter Heusser
This paper presents a discovery: the change of the outline shape of mistletoe (Viscum album ssp. album) berries in vivo and in situ during ripening. It was found that a plant organ that is usually considered to merely increase in size actually changes shape in a specific rhythmic fashion. We introduce a new approach to chronobiological research on a macro-phenotypic scale to trace changes over long periods of time (with a resolution from hours to months) by using a dynamic form-determining parameter called Lambda (λ)...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931228/internal-living-environment-and-respiratory-disease-in-children-findings-from-the-growing-up-in-new-zealand-longitudinal-child-cohort-study
#3
Sandar Tin Tin, Alistair Woodward, Rajneeta Saraf, Sarah Berry, Polly Atatoa Carr, Susan M B Morton, Cameron C Grant
BACKGROUND: The incidence of early childhood acute respiratory infections (ARIs) has been associated with aspects of the indoor environment. In recent years, public awareness about some of these environmental issues has increased, including new laws and subsequent changes in occupant behaviours. This New Zealand study investigated current exposures to specific risk factors in the home during the first five years of life and provided updated evidence on the links between the home environment and childhood ARI hospitalisation...
December 8, 2016: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930965/attachment-in-psychosis-a-latent-profile-analysis-of-attachment-styles-and-association-with-symptoms-in-a-large-psychosis-cohort
#4
Sandra Bucci, Richard Emsley, Katherine Berry
Attachment has been identified as one of various possible mechanisms involved in understanding models of psychosis, but measures that reliably and validly assess attachment styles in psychosis are limited. The aim of this study was to identify attachment patterns in psychosis and examine demographic and clinical correlates across attachment groups. Latent profile analysis on attachment data from 588 participants who met criteria for non-affective psychosis was used to classify people into attachment classes...
November 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930911/direct-electrical-stimulation-of-the-human-entorhinal-region-and-hippocampus-impairs-memory
#5
Joshua Jacobs, Jonathan Miller, Sang Ah Lee, Tom Coffey, Andrew J Watrous, Michael R Sperling, Ashwini Sharan, Gregory Worrell, Brent Berry, Bradley Lega, Barbara C Jobst, Kathryn Davis, Robert E Gross, Sameer A Sheth, Youssef Ezzyat, Sandhitsu R Das, Joel Stein, Richard Gorniak, Michael J Kahana, Daniel S Rizzuto
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has shown promise for treating a range of brain disorders and neurological conditions. One recent study showed that DBS in the entorhinal region improved the accuracy of human spatial memory. Based on this line of work, we performed a series of experiments to more fully characterize the effects of DBS in the medial temporal lobe on human memory. Neurosurgical patients with implanted electrodes performed spatial and verbal-episodic memory tasks. During the encoding periods of both tasks, subjects received electrical stimulation at 50 Hz...
December 7, 2016: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925570/nurse-apprentices-won-t-solve-workforce-shortage
#6
Stephanie Jones-Berry
The government's planned nursing degree apprenticeships represent a 'drop in the ocean' and will not solve the nursing workforce shortage, say nurse academics.
December 7, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925232/estimating-the-sensitivity-of-stomatal-conductance-to-photosynthesis-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Grace L Miner, William L Bauerle, Dennis D Baldocchi
A common approach for estimating fluxes of CO2 and water in canopy models is to couple a model of photosynthesis (An ) (e.g., Farquhar et al., 1980) to a semi-empirical model of stomatal conductance (gs ) such as the widely validated and utilized Ball-Berry (BB) model (e.g., Ball et al., 1987). This coupling provides an effective way of predicting transpiration at multiple scales. However, the designated value of the slope parameter (m) in the BB model impacts transpiration estimates. There is a lack of consensus regarding how m varies among species or plant functional types (PFTs) or in response to growth conditions...
December 6, 2016: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924913/thermal-alternating-polymer-nanocomposite-tapnc-coating-designed-to-prevent-aerodynamic-insect-fouling
#8
Ilker S Bayer, K Ghokulla Krishnan, Robert Robison, Eric Loth, Douglas H Berry, Thomas E Farrell, Jeffrey D Crouch
Insect residue adhesion to moving surfaces such as turbine blades and aircraft not only causes surface contamination problems but also increases drag on these surfaces. Insect fouling during takeoff, climb and landing can result in increased drag and fuel consumption for aircraft with laminar-flow surfaces. Hence, certain topographical and chemical features of non-wettable surfaces need to be designed properly for preventing insect residue accumulation on surfaces. In this work, we developed a superhydrophobic coating that is able to maintain negligible levels of insect residue after 100 high speed (50 m/s) insect impact events produced in a wind tunnel...
December 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924727/metabolomics-of-healthy-berry-fruits
#9
Gilda D Urso, Sonia Piacente, Cosimo Pizza, Paola Montoro
The consumption of berry-type fruits has become very popular in recent years because of their positive effects on human health. Berries are in fact widely known for their health-promoting benefits, including prevention of chronic disease, cardiovascular disease and cancer. Berries are a rich source of bioactive metabolites, such as vitamins, minerals, and phenolic compounds, mainly anthocyanins. Numerous in vitro and in vivo studies recognized the health effects of berries and their function as bioactive modulators of various cell functions associated with oxidative stress...
December 5, 2016: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922641/ip3-accumulation-and-or-inositol-depletion-two-downstream-lithium-s-effects-that-may-mediate-its-behavioral-and-cellular-changes
#10
Y Sade, L Toker, N Z Kara, H Einat, S Rapoport, D Moechars, G T Berry, Y Bersudsky, G Agam
Lithium is the prototype mood stabilizer but its mechanism is still unresolved. Two hypotheses dominate-the consequences of lithium's inhibition of inositol monophosphatase at therapeutically relevant concentrations (the 'inositol depletion' hypothesis), and of glycogen-synthase kinase-3. To further elaborate the inositol depletion hypothesis that did not decisively determine whether inositol depletion per se, or phosphoinositols accumulation induces the beneficial effects, we utilized knockout mice of either of two inositol metabolism-related genes-IMPA1 or SMIT1, both mimic several lithium's behavioral and biochemical effects...
December 6, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920947/the-daniel-k-inouye-college-of-pharmacy-scripts-poha-berry-physalis-peruviana-with-potential-anti-inflammatory-and-cancer-prevention-activities
#11
Leng Chee Chang, Mayuramas Sang-Ngern, John M Pezzuto, Carolyn Ma
The Daniel K. Inouye College of Pharmacy, during a historic event in Spring 2016, graduated the first two students in the Pacific region to earn a PhD in pharmaceutical sciences at the University of Hawai'i at Hilo. The college offers PhD programs in these five disciplines: Cancer Biology, Medicinal Chemistry, Pharmaceutics, Pharmacognosy, and Pharmacology. One of the Pharmacognosy dissertations focused on plant-derived natural products with potential anti-inflammatory and cancer chemopreventive activities...
November 2016: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917749/introduction-of-complementary-foods-in-sweden-and-impact-of-maternal-education-on-feeding-practices
#12
Sofia Klingberg, Johnny Ludvigsson, Hilde K Brekke
OBJECTIVE: To describe the introduction of complementary foods in a population-based cohort in relation to recommendations and explore the possible impact of maternal education on infant feeding practices. DESIGN: Prospective data from the All Babies in Southeast Sweden (ABIS) cohort study were used. The ABIS study invited all infants born in south-east Sweden during October 1997-October 1999 (n 21 700) to participate. A questionnaire was completed for 16 022 infants...
December 5, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914683/paediatric-cutaneous-adnexal-tumours-a-study-of-559-cases
#13
Amanda M Ireland, Nathan T Harvey, Bligh D Berry, Benjamin A Wood
Cutaneous adnexal tumours encompass a wide group of lesions with apocrine, eccrine, follicular, sebaceous and mixed differentiation. The large majority are benign and represent sporadic lesions, though malignant forms are occasionally encountered and some cases develop in the setting of inherited tumour syndromes. Accurate histological classification can be difficult as there are numerous histological appearances, many of which are individually uncommon, and complex, overlapping and historically variable nomenclature is typical...
November 30, 2016: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914350/phosphorus-flows-in-a-peri-urban-region-with-intensive-food-production-a-case-study
#14
S Bittman, S C Sheppard, D Poon, D E Hunt
Excess phosphorus (P) in peri-urban regions is an emerging issue, whereas there is global depletion of quality mined supplies of P. The flow of P across the landscape leading to regional surpluses and deficits is not well understood. We computed a regional P budget with internal P flows in a fairly discreet peri-urban region (Lower Fraser Valley, BC) with closely juxtaposed agricultural and non-agricultural urban ecosystems, in order to clarify the relationship between food production, food consumption and other activities involving use of P (e...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914323/quantitative-farm-to-fork-human-norovirus-exposure-assessment-of-individually-quick-frozen-raspberries-and-raspberry-puree
#15
L Jacxsens, A Stals, A De Keuckelaere, B Deliens, A Rajkovic, M Uyttendaele
A quantitative human norovirus (NoV) exposure model describing transmission of NoV during pre-harvest, harvest and further processing of soft red fruits exemplified by raspberries is presented. The outcomes of the model demonstrate the presence of NoV in raspberry puree or individual quick frozen (IQF) raspberry fruits and were generated by Monte Carlo simulations by combining GoldSim® and @Risk® software. Input data were collected from scientific literature, observational studies and assumptions. NoV contamination of soft red fruits is assumed to take place at farms by application of contaminated water for pesticides dilution or by berries' pickers shedding NoV...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914121/hidden-potential-diet-driven-changes-in-redox-level-shape-the-rumen-microbiome
#16
David Berry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 3, 2016: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914116/so-it-is-so-it-shall-be-group-regularities-license-children-s-prescriptive-judgments
#17
Steven O Roberts, Susan A Gelman, Arnold K Ho
When do descriptive regularities (what characteristics individuals have) become prescriptive norms (what characteristics individuals should have)? We examined children's (4-13 years) and adults' use of group regularities to make prescriptive judgments, employing novel groups (Hibbles and Glerks) that engaged in morally neutral behaviors (e.g., eating different kinds of berries). Participants were introduced to conforming or non-conforming individuals (e.g., a Hibble who ate berries more typical of a Glerk)...
December 3, 2016: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913098/succinyl-coa-synthetase-sucla2-deficiency-in-two-siblings-with-impaired-activity-of-other-mitochondrial-oxidative-enzymes-in-skeletal-muscle-without-mitochondrial-dna-depletion
#18
Xiaoping Huang, Jirair K Bedoyan, Didem Demirbas, David J Harris, Alexander Miron, Simone Edelheit, George Grahame, Suzanne D DeBrosse, Lee-Jun Wong, Charles L Hoppel, Douglas S Kerr, Irina Anselm, Gerard T Berry
Mutations in SUCLA2 result in succinyl-CoA ligase (ATP-forming) or succinyl-CoA synthetase (ADP-forming) (A-SCS) deficiency, a mitochondrial tricarboxylic acid cycle disorder. The phenotype associated with this gene defect is largely encephalomyopathy. We describe two siblings compound heterozygous for SUCLA2 mutations, c.985A>G (p.M329V) and c.920C>T (p.A307V), with parents confirmed as carriers of each mutation. We developed a new LC-MS/MS based enzyme assay to demonstrate the decreased SCS activity in the siblings with this unique genotype...
November 12, 2016: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912881/anti-metastatic-potential-of-resveratrol-and-its-metabolites-by-the-inhibition-of-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-migration-and-invasion-of-malignant-cancer-cells
#19
REVIEW
Cho-Won Kim, Kyung-A Hwang, Kyung-Chul Choi
BACKGROUND: Increased epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and cell migration and invasion abilities of cancer cells play important roles in the metastatic process of cancer. Resveratrol is a stilbenoid, a type of natural polyphenol found in the skin of grapes, berries, and peanuts. A number of experiments have examined resveratrol's ability to target diverse pathways associated with carcinogenesis and cancer progression. PURPOSE: This article aims to present updated overview of the knowledge that resveratrol and its metabolites or analogs have the potential to inhibit metastasis of cancer via affecting many signaling pathways related with EMT, cancer migration, and invasion in diverse organs of the body...
December 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912729/genomic-insights-from-whole-genome-sequencing-of-four-clonal-outbreak-campylobacter-jejuni-assessed-within-the-global-c-jejuni-population
#20
Clifford G Clark, Chrystal Berry, Matthew Walker, Aaron Petkau, Dillon O R Barker, Cai Guan, Aleisha Reimer, Eduardo N Taboada
BACKGROUND: Whole genome sequencing (WGS) is useful for determining clusters of human cases, investigating outbreaks, and defining the population genetics of bacteria. It also provides information about other aspects of bacterial biology, including classical typing results, virulence, and adaptive strategies of the organism. Cell culture invasion and protein expression patterns of four related multilocus sequence type 21 (ST21) C. jejuni isolates from a significant Canadian water-borne outbreak were previously associated with the presence of a CJIE1 prophage...
December 3, 2016: BMC Genomics
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