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cerebrovascular accident

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775406/phrase-mining-of-textual-data-to-analyze-extracellular-matrix-protein-patterns-across-cardiovascular-disease
#1
David Alexandre Liem, Sanjana Murali, Dibakar Sigdel, Yu Shi, Xuan Wang, Jiaming Shen, Howard Choi, J Harry Caufield, Wei Wang, Peipei Ping, Jiawei Han
Extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins have been shown to play important roles regulating multiple biological processes in an array of organ systems, including the cardiovascular system. By using a novel bioinformatics text-mining tool, we studied six categories of cardiovascular disease (CVD), namely ischemic heart disease (IHD), cardiomyopathies (CM), cerebrovascular accident (CVA), congenital heart disease (CHD), arrhythmias (ARR), and valve disease (VD), anticipating novel ECM protein-disease and protein-protein relationships hidden within vast quantities of textual data...
May 18, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774592/risk-factors-for-stroke-on-left-ventricular-assist-devices
#2
Muath Bishawi, Jeremy Joseph, Chetan Patel, Jacob Schroder, Mani Daneshmand, Dawn Bowles, Joseph Rogers, Carmelo Milano
BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage heart failure on left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are predisposed to a high incidence of stroke. Preoperative factors associated with increased stroke risk are poorly understood. METHODS: We performed a single-center retrospective review of all patients from 2009 to 2014 in whom a rotary flow LVAD was implanted. All patients with symptoms of a cerebrovascular event underwent a non-contrast head computed tomography scan...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770264/calcified-triticeous-cartilage-detected-on-digital-panoramic-radiographs-in-a-sample-of-lebanese-population
#3
Georges Aoun, Ibrahim Nasseh
Objective: Triticeous cartilage is a small ovoid structure belonging to the laryngeal skeleton. When calcified, it becomes visible on panoramic radiographs and be mistaken for a carotid artery calcification (CAC) associated with cerebrovascular accidents. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of calcified triticeous cartilage (CTC) detected by means of digital panoramic radiographs in a sample of Lebanese population. Materials and Methods: Digital panoramic radiographs of 500 Lebanese adult patients (281 females and 219 males) with a mean age of 47...
2018: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766653/organic-psychosis-the-pathobiology-and-treatment-of-delusions
#4
REVIEW
Eileen Maria Joyce
Organic or secondary psychosis can be seen in diverse conditions such as toxic/metabolic disorders, neurodegenerative disease, and stroke. Poststroke psychosis is a rare phenomenon, but its study has significantly contributed to the understanding of delusion formation. The evidence from case studies of patients with focal strokes shows that delusions develop following unilateral damage of the right hemisphere. The majority of patients with right hemisphere stroke do not develop delusions however, and advanced neuroimaging analysis has elucidated why this symptom develops in only a small proportion...
May 15, 2018: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759674/population-based-evaluation-of-major-adverse-events-after-catheter-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation
#5
Michelle Samuel, Mohammad Almohammadi, Meytal Avgil Tsadok, Jacqueline Joza, Cynthia A Jackevicius, Maria Koh, Hassan Behlouli, Atul Verma, Louise Pilote, Vidal Essebag
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and incidence of periprocedural adverse events (AEs) among patients who underwent catheter ablation (CA) for atrial fibrillation (AF) in Quebec and Ontario, Canada. BACKGROUND: CA is evolving into the mainstay therapy for patients with symptomatic AF refractory to antiarrhythmic medication. However, the safety of CA at the population level over time requires further evaluation. METHODS: A population-based cohort was constructed using administrative databases of all patients who underwent CA between 1999 and 2014 in Quebec and Ontario, Canada...
December 11, 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759664/angiographic-efficacy-of-the-atriclip-left-atrial-appendage-exclusion-device-placed-by-minimally-invasive-thoracoscopic-approach
#6
Christopher R Ellis, Sam G Aznaurov, Neel J Patel, Jennifer R Williams, Kim Lori Sandler, Steven J Hoff, Stephen K Ball, S Patrick Whalen, John Jeffrey Carr
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess long-term left atrial appendage (LAA) closure efficacy of the Atriclip applied via totally thoracoscopic (TT) approach with computed tomographic angiography. BACKGROUND: LAA closure is associated with a low risk for atrial fibrillation-related embolic stroke. The Atriclip exclusion device allows epicardial LAA closure, avoiding the need for post-operative oral anticoagulation. Previous data with Atriclip during open chest procedures show a high efficacy rate of closure >95%...
December 11, 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757388/an-unusual-case-of-cerebrovascular-accident-in-a-child
#7
Gopal Chandra Ghosh, Roshni Julia Rajan, R V Leena, Oomen K George
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756580/subtypes-of-antiphospholipid-antibodies-in-neurologic-accidents-an-observational-study
#8
Maryam Sahebari, Maryam Rastin, Reza Boostani, Mohsen Forughipour, Kamila Hashemzadeh, Samira HaajSadeghi
OBJECTIVE: Until now, concomitant neurological manifestations and positive antiphospholipid antibodies (APA(s)) have been investigated in different manners. The most important conflicts in this field are whether those manifestations are directly related to APA(s) or not and treatment strategies. METHOD: In this study, adopting a different manner, we selected patients with a recently defined neurological problem (according to study protocol) and positive APA without any other risk factor, to compare types, amounts, and titer of APAs...
May 14, 2018: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755915/unusual-long-survival-with-a-giant-invasive-pheochromocytoma-of-an-incompatible-patient
#9
Asli Nar
Pheochromocytomas (PHEOs) are rare neuroendocrine tumors and about 2-13% of PHEOs are malignant. Predicting malignancy in PHEO cases with invasion but without metastasis is still controversial in the literature. This study presents an unusual long survival with a giant invasive PHEO in an incompatible patient and a review of the literature. In 1989, a 23-year-old female patient was operated for a giant adrenal mass with a pathological final diagnosis of PHEO. Information to the patient's family was provided about the short life span of the patient in the postoperative period because the tumor could not be totally resected...
March 13, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755709/perioperative-management-of-sickle-cell-disease
#10
REVIEW
Kwame Ofori Adjepong, Folashade Otegbeye, Yaw Amoateng Adjepong
Over 30 million people worldwide have sickle cell disease (SCD). Emergent and non-emergent surgical procedures in SCD have been associated with relatively increased risks of peri-operative mortality, vaso-occlusive (painful) crisis, acute chest syndrome, post-operative infections, congestive heart failure, cerebrovascular accident and acute kidney injury. Pre-operative assessment must include a careful review of the patient's known crisis triggers, baseline hematologic profile, usual transfusion requirements, pre-existing organ dysfunction and opioid use...
2018: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747944/clinical-and-administrative-data-on-the-research-of-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-spain-minimum-basic-data-set-validity
#11
José Luis Bernal, José A Barrabés, Andrés Íñiguez, Antonio Fernández-Ortiz, Cristina Fernández-Pérez, Alfredo Bardají, Francisco Javier Elola
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Health outcomes research is done from clinical registries or administrative databases. The aim of this work was to evaluate the concordance of the Minimum Basic Data Set (MBDS) with the DIOCLES (Descripción de la Cardiopatía Isquémica en el Territorio Español) registry and to analyze the implications of use of the MBDS in the study of acute coronary syndrome in Spain. METHODS: Through indirect identifiers, DIOCLES was linked with MBDS and unique matches were selected...
May 7, 2018: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747322/-safety-and-efficacy-of-rotational-atherectomy-in-the-interventional-treatment-of-coronary-chronic-total-occlusion-lesions
#12
J Y Ma, J J Guo, L Hou, F Zhang, K Yao, D Huang, H Lu, Y X Dai, C G Li, S F Chang, Q Qin, L Ge, J Y Qian, J B Ge
Objective: To investigate the safety and efficacy of rotational atherectomy in the interventional treatment of coronary chronic total occlusion lesions. Methods: In this retrospective study,a total of 31 consecutive patients with coronary chronic total occlusion(CTO) lesions underwent rotational atherectomy in our hospital from February 2004 to December 2016 were enrolled,and the clinical features were analyzed. Coronary atherectomy was performed if balloon failed to cross the CTO lesions or balloon could not be fully dilated in the CTO lesions after wire crossing...
April 24, 2018: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742684/myocardial-injury-after-noncardiac-surgery-incidence-and-predictors-from-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study-at-an-indian-tertiary-care-centre
#13
Rubin George, Vidya P Menon, Fabia Edathadathil, Sabarish Balachandran, Merlin Moni, Dipu Sathyapalan, Preetha Prasanna, Gokuldas S, Jerry Paul, Chandrababu K K, Lakshmi Kumar, Ashok Pillai
Asymptomatic myocardial injury following noncardiac surgery (MINS) is an independent predictor of 30-day mortality and may go unrecognized based on standard diagnostic definition for myocardial infarction (MI). Given lack of published research on MINS in India, our study aims to determine incidence of MINS in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery at our tertiary care hospital, and evaluate the clinical characteristics including 30-day outcome.The prospective observational study included patients >65 years or >45 years with either hypertension (HTN), diabetes mellitus (DM), coronary artery disease (CAD), cerebrovascular accident (CVA), or peripheral arterial disease undergoing noncardiac surgery...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730064/risk-of-radiation-vasculopathy-and-stroke-in-pediatric-patients-treated-with-proton-therapy-for-brain-and-skull-base-tumors
#14
Matthew D Hall, Julie A Bradley, Ronny L Rotondo, Ricardo Hanel, Chetan Shah, Christopher G Morris, Philipp R Aldana, Daniel J Indelicato
PURPOSE: To estimate the rate of and identify risk factors for vasculopathy after proton therapy in pediatric patients with central nervous system and skull base tumors. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Between 2006 and 2015, 644 pediatric patients with central nervous system and skull base tumors were treated with proton therapy at a single institution. The 3 most common histologies were craniopharyngioma (n = 135), ependymoma (n = 135), and low-grade glioma (n = 131)...
March 29, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725176/clinical-outcomes-of-endovascular-thrombectomy-in-tissue-plasminogen-activator-versus-non-tissue-plasminogen-activator-patients-at-primary-stroke-care-centers
#15
Gregory Imbarrato, Joshua Bentley, Ajeet Gordhan
Background: The effect of intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (IV tPA) administration before endovascular intervention as compared to without at thrombectomy-capable low-volume centers on procedural aspects and patient outcomes has not been investigated. Methods: Retrospective chart review was performed in all consecutive large vessel cerebrovascular accident patients treated with endovascular therapy at two select rural primary stroke centers between 2011 and 2015...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720604/electrochemical-detection-of-ngf-using-a-reduced-graphene-oxide-titanium-nitride-nanocomposite
#16
Zheng Wei, Yanchun Wang, Junping Zhang
There is a correlation between the severity of neurological impairment in patients that have suffered a cerebrovascular accident and the nerve growth factor (NGF) level. This study addressed the fabrication of a titanium nitride (TiN) and reduced graphene oxide (RGO)-based composite with remarkable electrocatalytic activity towards NGF oxidation in a phosphate buffer solution (PB, 0.1 M). The proposed electrochemical sensor was linearly related to the NGF concentration in the range of 10 nM-5 μM with a detection limit of 2...
May 2, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708568/preoperative-vitamin-d-deficiency-is-associated-with-higher-postoperative-complication-rates-in-total-knee-arthroplasty
#17
Vishal Hegde, Armin Arshi, Christopher Wang, Zorica Buser, Jeffrey C Wang, Andrew R Jensen, John S Adams, Erik N Zeegen, Nicholas M Bernthal
The purpose of this study was to determine the relative incidence of postoperative complications in 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25D)-deficient and -sufficient patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Patients who were either serum 25D deficient (25D <20 ng/mL) or 25D sufficient (25D ≥20 ng/mL) 90 days prior to primary TKA from 2007 to 2016 were identified using the Humana administrative claims registry. The incidence of postoperative medical and surgical complications was determined by querying for relevant International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision and Current Procedural Terminology codes...
April 27, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704393/correlation-between-herpes-zoster-and-stroke-a-case-control-study
#18
Hadiseh Hosamirudsari, Parisa Rashed, Farhad Afsari, Samaneh Akbarpour, Aliasghar Bagherzadeh
Cerebrovascular accident (CVA) is the second cause of death in the world. Herpes zoster (HZ) is reported as a major trigger of the stroke syndrome. Considering the high prevalence of stroke in Iran, we planned a study to assess the details of correlation between the stroke and herpes zoster (HZ).This is one of the very few studies carried out on the correlation in the Asian nations. One hundred five cases and 105 controls were included in this study. The cases had been diagnosed as stroke by a neurologist and confirmed by brain imaging...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685471/the-age-of-undertriage-current-trauma-triage-criteria-underestimate-the-role-of-age-and-comorbidities-in-early-mortality
#19
Elizabeth R Benjamin, Desmond Khor, Jayun Cho, Subarna Biswas, Kenji Inaba, Demetrios Demetriades
BACKGROUND: National guidelines recommend that prehospital and emergency department (ED) criteria identify patients who might benefit from trauma center triage and highest-level trauma team activation. However, some patients who are seemingly "stable" in the field and do not meet the standard criteria for trauma activation still die. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify these at-risk patients to potentially improve triage algorithms. METHODS: Patients enrolled in the National Trauma Data Bank (2007-2012) were included...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682469/conservative-management-versus-endovascular-or-open-surgery-in-the-spectrum-of-type-b-aortic-dissection
#20
Xun Yuan, Andreas Mitsis, Mohammed Ghonem, Ilias Iakovakis, Christoph A Nienaber
Background: Type B aortic dissection is a life-threatening acute aortic condition often with acute ischemic signs or symptoms. With initial management focusing on alleviating malperfusion and pain, and avoiding propagation of dissection or rupture both systolic blood and pulse pressure should be reduced initially by an aggressive medical approach. In the setting of persistent signs of complications endovascular strategies have replaced open surgery and led to a fourfold increase in early survival and better long-term outcomes...
2018: Journal of visualized surgery
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