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Pancreatic cyst

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534524/competing-risks-for-mortality-in-patients-with-asymptomatic-pancreatic-cystic-neoplasms-implications-for-clinical-management
#1
Karl Kwok, Jonathan Chang, Lewei Duan, Brian Z Huang, Bechien U Wu
OBJECTIVES: Pancreatic cystic neoplasms (PCNs) are being detected with increased frequency. Current clinical practice guidelines emphasize management based on cyst-related features. We aimed to evaluate the impact of comorbidity on mortality in PCN patients via competing risk analysis. METHODS: We analyzed a retrospective cohort of patients diagnosed between 2005-2010, with follow-up through 2015, for overall and cause-specific mortality. Comorbidities were classified by the Charlson comorbidity index...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533675/comparison-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-computed-tomography-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-assessment-of-detailed-structures-of-pancreatic-cystic-neoplasms
#2
Chen Du, Ning-Li Chai, En-Qiang Linghu, Hui-Kai Li, Li-Hua Sun, Lei Jiang, Xiang-Dong Wang, Ping Tang, Jing Yang
AIM: To evaluate the advantages of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) in the assessment of detailed structures of pancreatic cystic neoplasms (PCNs) compared to computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: All patients with indeterminate PCNs underwent CT, MRI, and EUS. The detailed information, including size, number, the presence of a papilla/nodule, the presence of a septum, and the morphology of the pancreatic duct of PCNs were compared among the three imaging modalities...
May 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533111/management-of-incidental-pancreatic-cysts-a-white-paper-of-the-acr-incidental-findings-committee
#3
Alec J Megibow, Mark E Baker, Desiree E Morgan, Ihab R Kamel, Dushyant V Sahani, Elliot Newman, William R Brugge, Lincoln L Berland, Pari V Pandharipande
The ACR Incidental Findings Committee (IFC) presents recommendations for managing pancreatic cysts that are incidentally detected on CT or MRI. These recommendations represent an update from the pancreatic component of the JACR 2010 white paper on managing incidental findings in the adrenal glands, kidneys, liver, and pancreas. The Pancreas Subcommittee-which included abdominal radiologists, a gastroenterologist, and a pancreatic surgeon-developed this algorithm. The recommendations draw from published evidence and expert opinion, and were finalized by informal iterative consensus...
May 12, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529809/aberrant-pancreatic-tissue-in-a-mediastinal-enteric-duplication-cyst-a-rarity-with-review-of-literature
#4
Meha Mansi, Nidhi Mahajan, Sonam Mahana, C R Gupta, Anup Mohta
Mediastinal enteric duplication cysts are a rare congenital malformation encountered mainly in neonates and infants. It is a distinct entity within the family of foregut duplication cysts. It can present with respiratory distress due to mass effect and hence surgical excision is the preferred treatment. Histologically, it is characterised by a double layered smooth muscle wall with intestinal lining epithelium. We report a case of mediastinal enteric duplication cyst with aberrant pancreatic tissue in a neonate due to its rarity and early presentation...
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528374/pancreatic-cysts-and-guidelines
#5
REVIEW
James J Farrell
Pancreatic cysts, especially incidental asymptomatic ones seen on noninvasive imaging such as CT or MR imaging, remain a clinical challenge. The etiology of such cysts may range from benign cysts without any malignant potential such as pancreatic pseudocysts and serous cystadenomas to premalignant or frankly malignant cysts such as mucinous cystic neoplasms, intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms, cystic degeneration associated with solid tumors such as pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma or pancreatic endocrine neoplasms, and solid pseudopapillary neoplasms...
May 20, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523572/editors-introduction-to-the-chronic-pancreatitis-and-pancreatic-cysts-special-issue
#6
EDITORIAL
Walter G Park, Aida Habtezion
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522785/infeasibility-of-endoscopic-transmural-drainage-due-to-pancreatic-pseudocyst-wall-calcifications-case-report
#7
Andrzej Krajewski, Gustaw Lech, Marcin Makiewicz, Andrzej Kluciński, Monika Wojtasik, Sławomir Kozieł, Maciej Słodkowski
Postinflammatory pancreatic pseudocysts are one of the most common complications of acute pancreatitis. In most cases, pseudocysts self-absorb in the course of treatment of pancreatitis. In some patients, pancreatic pseudocysts are symptomatic and cause pain, problems with gastrointestinal transit, and other complications. In such cases, drainage or resection should be performed. Among the invasive methods, mini invasive procedures like endoscopic transmural drainage through the wall of the stomach or duodenum play an important role...
February 28, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516310/natural-history-of-patients-followed-radiographically-with-mucinous-cysts-of-the-pancreas
#8
Linda M Pak, Michael I D'Angelica, Ronald P DeMatteo, T Peter Kingham, Vinod P Balachandran, William R Jarnagin, Peter J Allen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of patients presumed to have mucinous cysts of the pancreas who were initially selected for radiographic surveillance. METHODS: Patients with a pancreatic cyst and a measured cyst fluid carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) ≥192 ng/mL were included. Patients were stratified by those who underwent initial resection and those who were recommended for radiographic surveillance. The natural history of these two groups was examined...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515932/single-stage-laparoscopic-adrenalectomy-for-pheochromocytoma-and-enucleation-of-a-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumor-in-von-hippel-lindau-disease-a-case-report
#9
Marco Casaccia, Simona Macina, Rosario Fornaro
Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease is an inherited syndrome with autosomal-dominant transmission, characterized by central nervous system and retinal hemangioblastomas, visceral cysts and tumors. Optimal surgical treatment, including its timing, remains a controversial topic. The present study reports the case of a 67-year-old female patient with adrenal and pancreatic manifestations of VHL. A laparoscopic cortex-sparing left adrenalectomy for a 4-cm pheochromocytoma and pancreatic enucleation for pancreatic polypeptidoma of the pancreas tail were performed during the same operative procedure...
May 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512773/natural-history-of-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm-and-non-neoplastic-cyst-long-term-imaging-follow-up-study
#10
Yuya Hisada, Naoyoshi Nagata, Koh Imbe, Yusuke Takasaki, Katsunori Sekine, Tsuyoshi Tajima, Mikio Yanase, Kazuma Fujimoto, Junichi Akiyama, Naomi Uemura
Pancreatic cyst is being detected with increasing frequency because of widespread use of sensitive abdominal imaging tests such as multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) [1, 2]. One study reported an incidental detection rate of 1% on MDCT studies performed for any reason [3]. Not only gastroenterologists, but also other physicians and surgeons, frequently encounter incidental pancreatic cyst. However, it is unclear how often and how long we should follow up patients with pancreatic cyst...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511236/long-term-outcomes-after-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-ablation-of-pancreatic-cysts
#11
Jun-Ho Choi, Dong Wan Seo, Tae Jun Song, Do Hyun Park, Sang Soo Lee, Sung Koo Lee, Myung-Hwan Kim
Background and study aims The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term outcomes after endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided pancreatic cyst ablation. Patients and methods In a single-center, prospective study, 164 patients with pancreatic cysts underwent EUS-guided cyst ablation using ethanol with paclitaxel. The inclusion criteria were as follows: unilocular or oligolocular cysts; clinically indeterminate cysts that required EUS fine-needle aspiration; and/or cysts that grew during the observation period...
May 16, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503272/von-hippel-lindau-disease
#12
Sna Muhamad Nor, J Haron
Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease is a rare autosomal dominantly inherited multisystem disorder characterised by the development of a variety of benign and malignant tumours. We report a case of VHL disease that was inherited by a daughter from her father, who both presented at a young age with progressive headache and were found to have a posterior fossa haemangioblastoma (HB) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Multiple benign pancreatic and renal cysts were also noted in both patients.
2017: Malaysian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502372/early-onset-acute-recurrent-and-chronic-pancreatitis-is-associated-with-prss1-or-ctrc-gene-mutations
#13
Matthew J Giefer, Mark E Lowe, Steven L Werlin, Bridget Zimmerman, Michael Wilschanski, David Troendle, Sarah Jane Schwarzenberg, John F Pohl, Joseph Palermo, Chee Y Ooi, Veronique D Morinville, Tom K Lin, Sohail Z Husain, Ryan Himes, Melvin B Heyman, Tanja Gonska, Cheryl E Gariepy, Steven D Freedman, Douglas S Fishman, Melena D Bellin, Bradley Barth, Maisam Abu-El-Haija, Aliye Uc
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether the age of onset was associated with unique features or disease course in pediatric acute recurrent pancreatitis (ARP) or chronic pancreatitis (CP). STUDY DESIGN: Demographic and clinical information on children with ARP or CP was collected at INSPPIRE (INternational Study Group of Pediatric Pancreatitis: In Search for a CuRE) centers. The Cochran-Armitage trend test and Jonckheere-Terpstra test were used to examine for differences between pediatric age groups (<6, 6-11, and ≥12 years)...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500587/insights-into-the-pathogenesis-of-pancreatic-cystic-neoplasms
#14
REVIEW
Vrishketan Sethi, Bhuwan Giri, Ashok Saluja, Vikas Dudeja
With the current epidemic of diagnosed pancreatic cystic neoplasms on the rise, a substantial amount of work has been done to unravel their biology, thus leading to implications on clinical decision making. Recent genetic profiling of resected human specimens has identified alterations in signaling pathways involving KRAS and GNAS signaling as early events in the pathogenesis of intraductal pancreatic mucinous neoplasms. Progressively, mutations in genes such as TP53, SMAD4, RNF43, and others are thought to characterize invasive and advanced lesions...
May 12, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499761/cystadenoma-of-the-rete-testis-in-a-patient-with-von-hippel-lindau-disease
#15
Jacob Lewis, David Thiel, Gregory Broderick, Candice Bolan
Von-Hippel Lindau (VHL) disease is a rare, inherited multicystic disorder that is characterized by several benign and malignant neoplasms (1). Classically, the disease manifests itself in a broad spectrum including: renal cell carcinomas, intracranial and spinal hemangioblastomas, endolymphatic sac tumors, renal and pancreatic cysts, and pheochromocytomas. Another important, but commonly forgotten manifestation is the cystadenoma of the rete testis.
May 9, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496535/spontaneous-rupture-of-a-choledochal-cyst-during-post-partum-a-rare-presentation
#16
Ashish Gupta, Karikal Chakaravarthi, Lileswar Kaman
With the advent of newer radiological investigations, choledochal cysts are being diagnosed more often in present era. These cysts are commonly diagnosed in early childhood and infancy, although some go undetected to be diagnosed in adulthood. These malformations are associated with multiple complications like cholangitis, jaundice, pancreatitis, rupture or even malignancy. Here we describe a post partum female, who was diagnosed to have choledochal cyst during sixth month of pregnancy. She presented with obstructive jaundice in cholangitis and was subjected to endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) with stenting...
April 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483736/child-with-pancreatic-hydatid-cyst-presenting-with-cholestasis
#17
Nagehan Aslan, Tuğba Koca, Aykut Recep Aktaş, Füsun Zeynep Akçam, Mustafa Akçam
Although hydatid cysts are often seen in the liver and lungs, they may be present in many organs. Even in countries where hydatid cyst disease is endemic, the occurrence of pancreatic hydatid cysts is rare. Pancreatic hydatid cysts are important for the differential diagnosis of patients with pancreatic pseudocysts and cystic carcinomas. We could not find cystic echinococcosis cases which are kept together pancreas and liver in PubMed. In this article, we highlight the fact that pancreatic cystic echinococcosis may play a role in the etiology of cholestasis and that cysts may not be isolated in the pancreas in a pediatric population...
March 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481436/clinical-yield-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-and-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-for-incidental-pancreatic-cysts-in-kidney-transplant-evaluation
#18
Jared Rejeski, Jeffrey Rogers, Matthew Hauser, Girish Mishra
INTRODUCTION: For several reasons, including an elevated risk for malignancy after transplant, kidney transplant candidates undergo a thorough evaluation prior to transplantation. Further assessment of incidentally discovered pancreatic cysts on routine abdominal imaging has been assumed to be prudent, and the preferred method has been endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA). The clinical utility of EUS/EUS-FNA with respect to transplant decision-making has not been evaluated...
May 8, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480730/choledochocele-as-an-atypical-cause-of-relapsing-acute-pancreatitis-diagnosis-and-endoscopic-treatment
#19
Cristina Saldaña Dueñas, Juan José Vila Costa, Ignacio Fernández-Urién
The choledochocele is a cystic dilatation of the intraduodenal portion of the bile duct and corresponds to the type III biliary cysts in the Todani ´s classification. Eventhough the majority of patients remain asymptomatic they can be an atypical cause of abdominal pain or relapsing acute pancreatitis events. The risk of malignancy is lower than other choledochal cyst (<2,5%). The treatment is based on surgical or new endoscopic techniques of resection. In some of the cases an endoscopic sphincterotomy is the first approach...
May 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463675/surgical-treatment-of-splenic-artery-pseudoaneurysm-with-digestive-tract-communication-presentation-of-two-cases
#20
Mihai Adrian Eftimie, Oana Maria Stanciulea, Leonard David, Vasile Lungu, Simona Dima, Iulian Mosteanu, Luiza Tirca, Irinel Popescu
Splenopancreatectomy performed for pancreatic pseudo-cyst with splenic artery pseudo-aneurysm and communication with the digestive tract (stomach or colon) is a very rare indication and a small number of these procedures are described in literature. Managing peri-pancreatic pseudo-aneurysm is complex and can be challenging. Surgical treatment is of curative intent and can involve multiple visceral resections. Surgery can be performed in an emergency setting, if the patient presents cataclysmic bleeding, or in a planned manner if the pseudo-aneurysm is discovered incidentally or if the patient manages to overcome the initial bleeding...
March 2017: Chirurgia
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