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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776621/relationship-between-sleep-duration-and-self-reported-health-related-quality-of-life-among-us-adults-with-or-without-major-chronic-diseases-2014
#1
Yong Liu, Anne G Wheaton, Janet B Croft, Fang Xu, Timothy J Cunningham, Kurt J Greenlund
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between sleep duration and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among adults with or without chronic conditions. METHODS: Using the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, we analyzed self-reported data from adult respondents aged ≥18 years with (n=277,757, unhealthy group) and without (n=172,052. healthy group) reported history of any of nine chronic conditions (coronary heart disease, stroke, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, asthma, arthritis, depression, chronic kidney disease)...
June 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775762/aortic-vascular-calcification-is-inversely-associated-with-the-trabecular-bone-score-in-patients-receiving-dialysis
#2
Jasna Aleksova, Samantha Kurniawan, Mirna Vucak-Dzumhur, Peter Kerr, Peter R Ebeling, Frances Milat, Grahame J Elder
INTRODUCTION: Progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD) confers a marked increase in risk for vascular calcification, cardiovascular disease, fracture and mortality, with likely contributing factors including dysregulated bone metabolism and mineral homeostasis. In general population studies, increased vascular calcification is directly related to mortality and inversely related to bone mineral density (BMD) measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). In patients with CKD, abnormalities in turnover, mineralization and bone volume, reduce the ability of DXA to predict fracture...
May 15, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766695/analysis-of-nutrition-and-nutritional-status-of-haemodialysis-patients
#3
Anna Bogacka, Anna Sobczak-Czynsz, Elżbieta Kucharska, Małgorzata Madaj, Katarzyna Stucka
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common disease of civilization where nutrition is part of the treatment. Diet therapy is difficult as it is necessary to control the intake of: energy, protein and minerals – Na, K, Ca and P in the daily food rations (DFR). Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the nutritional status and diets of haemodialysis (HD) patients. Material and method: The study involved 141 haemodialysis patients, at the average age of 65...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766437/serum-phosphate-levels-are-related-to-all-cause-cardiovascular-and-copd-mortality-in-men
#4
Natalia Campos-Obando, Lies Lahousse, Guy Brusselle, Bruno H Stricker, Albert Hofman, Oscar H Franco, André G Uitterlinden, M Carola Zillikens
Hyperphosphatemia has been associated with increased mortality in chronic kidney disease but the nature of such a relation in the general population is unclear. To investigate the association between phosphate (P) levels and all-cause and cause-specific mortality, we assessed two cohorts from the Rotterdam Study, with follow-up of 14.5 (RS-I) and 10.9 (RS-II) years until January 2012 with availability of fasting phosphate levels. Deaths were classified according to International Classification of Diseases into 7 groups: cardiovascular, cancer, infections, external, dementia, chronic lung diseases and other causes...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764436/prevalence-and-incidence-of-complications-at-diagnosis-of-t2dm-and-during-follow-up-by-bmi-and-ethnicity-a-matched-case-control-analysis
#5
Ebenezer S Owusu Adjah, Srikanth Bellary, Wasim Hanif, Kiran Patel, Kamlesh Khunti, Sanjoy K Paul
AIMS: To estimate the risk of developing long-term major cardiovascular and renal complications in relation to levels of body mass index (BMI) in a population of White European (WE), African-Caribbean (AC), and South Asian (SA) patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with new diagnosis of T2DM, aged ≥ 18 years from January 2000 (n = 69,436) and their age-sex-ethnicity matched non-diabetic controls (n = 272,190) were identified from UK primary care database...
May 15, 2018: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754908/an-operational-definition-of-shats-systemic-hemodynamic-atherosclerotic-syndrome-role-of-arterial-stiffness-and-blood-pressure-variability-in-elderly-hypertensive-subjects
#6
Angelo Scuteri, Valentina Rovella, Danilo Alunni Fegatelli, Manfredi Tesauro, Marco Gabriele, Nicola Di Daniele
BACKGROUND: CV risk exponentially increases as the number of damaged organs increases The Systemic Hemodynamic Atherosclerotic Syndrome (SHATS) represents a novel conceptualization of the CV continuum focusing on simultaneous multi-organ alteration. This is the first study operationally defining SHATS and aimed at identifying its determinants. METHODS: Left Ventricular Hypertrophy (echocardiography), Common Carotid Artery plaque and increased thickness (ultrasound), and Chronic Kidney Disease (estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate) indexed selective target organ damage...
July 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754577/development-of-weight-and-height-in-norwegian-children-the-health-oriented-pedagogical-project-hopp
#7
Angelica Skår, Trine Johansen Meza, Per Morten Fredriksen
AIMS: High prevalence of overweight and obesity increases the disease burden with higher risk for an expanding set of chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, certain types of cancers and an array of musculoskeletal disorders. Over the last decades, trends in children's weight have changed worldwide. METHODS: Anthropometric measurements of height and weight and calculations of body mass index (BMI) were recorded for 2297 children, aged 6-12 years...
May 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752657/increased-adiponectin-is-associated-with-cerebral-white-matter-lesions-in-the-elderly-with-cognitive-impairment
#8
Youshi Fujita, Takashi Toyomoto, Tomomi Sakoh-Goshima, Yutaka Kohno, Masafumi Okada, Tadanori Hamano, Yasunari Nakamoto
Adiponectin is an adipocyte-derived peptide that increases with age and is thought to protect against atherosclerotic vascular changes and organ damage. However, paradoxically, higher adiponectin levels are associated with increased risk for cardiovascular events and mortality. We investigated whether this adiponectin paradox occurs in elderly people with cognitive impairment. Fifty-two elderly participants with mild cognitive impairment or dementia (20 male and 32 female, aged 60-93 years, mean 80.0) were recruited...
May 11, 2018: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743031/safety-and-effectiveness-of-low-protein-diet-supplemented-with-ketoacids-in-diabetic-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#9
Vincenzo Bellizzi, Patrizia Calella, Julia Nava Hernández, Verónica Figueroa González, Silvia Moran Lira, Serena Torraca, Rocio Urbina Arronte, Pietro Cirillo, Roberto Minutolo, Rafael A Montúfar Cárdenas
BACKGROUND: The impact of the low-protein diet on nutrition in CKD diabetics is uncertain. METHODS: The metabolic and nutritional effects of a low-protein (0.5-0.6 g/kg/d), normal-high energy (30-35 kcal/kg/d) diet supplemented with ketoacids (LPD-KA) were prospectively evaluated in CKD patients with (DM) and without (non-DM) diabetes mellitus. RESULTS: 197 patients on CKD stages 3-5 were enrolled. DM (n = 81) and non-DM (n = 116) were comparable for gender (Male 58 vs 55%), age (66 ± 9 vs 63 ± 18 years), renal function (eGFR 23 ± 13 vs 24 ± 13 mL/min)...
May 9, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742114/the-magnitude-of-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-among-diabetic-chronic-kidney-disease-population-a-nationwide-study
#10
Piyawan Kittiskulnam, Nintita Sripaiboonkij Thokanit, Pisut Katavetin, Paweena Susanthitaphong, Nattachai Srisawat, Kearkiat Praditpornsilpa, Kriang Tungsanga, Somchai Eiam-Ong
BACKGROUND: Although the prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS) among dialysis patients has been exceeding than general population, little is known regarding obesity and MetS in non-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD). We aimed to find the magnitude of obesity and MetS and their associations with impaired renal function among type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. METHODS: A national survey of T2DM patients was collected in the Thai National Health Security Office database during 2014-5...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738041/association-between-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-and-sodium-excretion-in-urine-of-african-descendants-in-brazil-a-population-based-study
#11
Elisângela Milhomem Dos Santos, Dyego José de Araújo Brito, Ana Karina da Cunha Teixeira França, Joyce Santos Lages, Alcione Miranda Dos Santos, Natalino Salgado Filho
INTRODUCTION: Excessive salt intake is a risk factor for the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and sodium excretion in urine samples of Brazilians of African ancestry. METHODS: Cross-sectional, population-based study of 1,211 Brazilians of African ancestry living in Alcântara City, Maranhão, Brazil. Demographic, nutritional, clinical, and laboratory data were analyzed...
May 7, 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736630/variations-in-clinical-management-of-non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulants-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-according-to-different-equations-for-estimating-renal-function-post-hoc-analysis-of-a-prospective-cohort
#12
Vincenzo Livio Malavasi, Daniele Pettorelli, Elisa Fantecchi, Cristina Zoccali, Giuliana Laronga, Tommaso Trenti, Gregory Yoke Hong Lip, Giuseppe Boriani
Prescription of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) requires an assessment of renal function (RF) and the Cockcroft-Gault (CG) equation is traditionally recommended. The objective of the study was to evaluate the potential changes in NOACs management using different equations for estimating RF. In a post hoc analysis of a prospective cohort of patients with atrial fibrillation, we considered different equations: (1) CG for creatinine clearance (CrCl), (2) modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD), (3) CKD-EPI, (4) Berlin Initiative Study 1 (BIS-1) and (5) full age spectrum (FAS), for glomerular filtration rate (GFR)...
May 7, 2018: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731235/assessment-of-nutritional-status-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease-using-hand-grip-strength-tool
#13
Ashraf Mohamed Abd El Basset Bakr, Bothina Mohamed Hasaneen, Dina AbdelRasoul Helal Bassiouni
OBJECTIVE: Muscle status assessment is crucial for diagnosis of protein energy wasting PEW/cachexia in chronic kidney disease (CKD) population. Hand grip strength (HGS) has been used in muscle power assessment in adult CKD. However, no data is available about its usefulness in children with CKD. Hence, we aimed to study the reliability of HGS in reflecting the muscle power and thus, nutritional status in children with CKD. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this Observational cross sectional study we enrolled 73 CKD children; 45 had end stage kidney disease (ESKD) on hemodialysis (HD) and 28 had CKD but not on dialysis yet...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730203/impact-of-host-factors-on-robotic-partial-nephrectomy-outcomes-comprehensive-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Giovanni Cacciamani, Tania S Gill, Luis Medina, Akbar Ashrafi, Matthew Winter, Renè Sotelo, Walter Artibani, Inderbir Gill
PURPOSE: Host factors (tumor size/complexity, patient comorbidities) impact outcomes of robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN). We report a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis to critically evaluate impact of host factors on operative, peri-operative, functional, oncological and survival outcomes of RPN. MATERIALS & METHODS: All full-text English-language publications on RPN comparing host factors were evaluated. We followed Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement and Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) guidelines to evaluate Pubmed®, Scopus® and Web of Science® (01/01/2000-31/06/2017)...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725649/impact-of-misclassification-of-obesity-by-body-mass-index-on-mortality-in-patients-with-ckd
#15
Ting-Yun Lin, Paik-Seong Lim, Szu-Chun Hung
Introduction: Unlike the general population, a higher body mass index (BMI) is associated with greater survival among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). This "obesity paradox" may be due to limitations of BMI as a measure of adiposity in CKD. Both BMI and body fat percentage (BF%) are used to classify obesity, but outcomes may vary. Therefore, we investigated the 2 different cutoffs for diagnosing obesity (BMI ≥28 kg/m2 or BF% >25% for men and >35% for women) and the impact on all-cause mortality in CKD...
March 2018: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721634/discordant-association-of-the-crebrf-rs373863828-a-allele-with-increased-bmi-and-protection-from-type-2-diabetes-in-m%C3%A4-ori-and-pacific-polynesian-people-living-in-aotearoa-new-zealand
#16
Mohanraj Krishnan, Tanya J Major, Ruth K Topless, Ofa Dewes, Lennex Yu, John M D Thompson, Lesley McCowan, Janak de Zoysa, Lisa K Stamp, Nicola Dalbeth, Jennie Harré Hindmarsh, Nuku Rapana, Ranjan Deka, Winston W H Eng, Daniel E Weeks, Ryan L Minster, Stephen T McGarvey, Satupa'itea Viali, Take Naseri, Muagututi'a Sefuiva Reupena, Phillip Wilcox, David Grattan, Peter R Shepherd, Andrew N Shelling, Rinki Murphy, Tony R Merriman
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The A (minor) allele of CREBRF rs373863828 has been associated with increased BMI and reduced risk of type 2 diabetes in the Samoan populations of Samoa and American Samoa. Our aim was to test rs373863828 for associations with BMI and the odds of type 2 diabetes, gout and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Māori and Pacific (Polynesian) people living in Aotearoa/New Zealand. METHODS: Linear and logistic regression models were used to analyse the association of the A allele of CREBRF rs373863828 with BMI, log-transformed BMI, waist circumference, type 2 diabetes, gout and CKD in 2286 adults...
May 2, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720598/relationship-between-body-mass-index-and-renal-function-deterioration-among-the-taiwanese-chronic-kidney-disease-population
#17
Tian-Jong Chang, Cai-Mei Zheng, Mei-Yi Wu, Tzu-Ting Chen, Yun-Chun Wu, Yi-Lien Wu, Hsin-Ting Lin, Jing-Quan Zheng, Nain-Feng Chu, Yu-Me Lin, Sui-Lung Su, Kuo-Cheng Lu, Jin-Shuen Chen, Fung-Chang Sung, Chien-Te Lee, Yu Yang, Shang-Jyh Hwang, Ming-Cheng Wang, Yung-Ho Hsu, Hung-Yi Chiou, Senyeong Kao, Yuh-Feng Lin
This study investigated the characteristics of patients with different chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages according to various body mass index (BMI) categories and determined the influence of BMI in renal function deterioration. We conducted a multicenter, longitudinal cohort study based on the Epidemiology and Risk Factors Surveillance of CKD project (2008-2013) and National Health Insurance Research Database (2001-2013). A total of 7357 patients with CKD aged 20-85 years from 14 hospitals were included in the study...
May 2, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719878/increasing-body-mass-index-predicts-rapid-decline-in-renal-function-a-5-year-retrospective-study
#18
Xiaojing Ma, Chengyin Zhang, Hong Su, Xiaojie Gong, Xianglei Kong
While obesity is a recognized risk factor for chronic kidney disease, it remains unclear whether change in body mass index (ΔBMI ) is independently associated with decline in renal function (evaluated by the change in estimated glomerular filtration rate, ΔeGFR) over time. Accordingly, to help clarify this we conducted a retrospective study to measure the association of ΔBMI with decline in renal function in Chinese adult population. A total of 4007 adults (aged 45.3±13.7 years, 68.6% male) without chronic kidney disease at baseline were enrolled between 2008 and 2013...
May 2, 2018: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694512/quality-of-life-on-hemodialysis-and-inflammation-a-descriptive-analysis
#19
M R Bacci, F Adami, F W S Figueiredo, B C A Alves, G L da Veiga, F L A Fonseca
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is highly prevalent worldwide. Patients with CKD on hemodialysis are more likely to present behavioral changes and worse quality of life as a result of their routine and complications. They also have higher levels of cytokines. The aim of this study is to assess the relationship between the inflammatory profile and quality of life measured by KDOQL-SF36 in hemodialysis outpatients. Patients older than 21 years of age and on routine hemodialysis for at least 6 months with treatment on a regular weekly basis were included and their anthropometric parameters and serum inflammatory markers were evaluated...
2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686438/frequency-and-associations-of-chronic-kidney-disease-among-gout-patients-from-a-university-teaching-hospital-in-nigeria
#20
Akpabio Akanimo Akpabio, Pam Stephen Dung-Gwom, Babatunde Hakeem Olaosebikan, Olufemi Oladipo Adelowo
Objectives: To highlight common precipitants and co-morbidities of gout in Nigerians; determine the frequency of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Nigerian gout patients, as well as identify significant associations of CKD in gout patients. Material and methods: Retrospective cross-sectional study of gout cases seen at the Rheumatology Clinic of the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital over five years from January 2011 to December 2015. Gout was diagnosed using the 1977 American Rheumatism Association (ARA) criteria...
2018: Reumatologia
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