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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543543/cardiac-implantable-electronic-device-haematomas-risk-factors-and-effect-of-prophylactic-pressure-bandaging
#1
Youlin Koh, Nicholas E Bingham, Natalie Law, Dustin Le, Justin A Mariani
BACKGROUND: Cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) haematomas are associated with many adverse outcomes. We examined the incidence and risk factors associated with haematoma formation post CIED implantation, and explored the preventative effect of prophylactic pressure bandaging (PPB) in a large tertiary centre. METHODS: 1091 devices were implanted during October 2011 to December 2014. Clinically significant haematomas (CSH) were those that necessitated prolonged admission, including those due to reoperation, and clinically suspicious haematomas were swellings noted by medical/nursing staff...
May 23, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540890/prevalence-of-osteoporosis-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-stages-3-5-in-comparison-with-age-and-sex-matched-controls-a-study-from-kashmir-valley-tertiary-care-center
#2
M Saleem Najar, Mohamad Muzzafer Mir, Mudasir Muzamil
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with a range of metabolic bone diseases. Fracture rates are higher in CKD patients than age-matched controls throughout all the five stages of CKD. Dialysis patients have 4 times as many hip fractures as expected for their age. CKD forms an independent risk factor for osteoporosis, even in the absence of traditional risk factors. This study was carried out at the nephrology unit in a tertiary care center of Kashmir to know the prevalence of osteoporosis in CKD patients having glomerular filtration rate (GFR) <60 mL/min (stages 3-5)...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522656/comparison-between-different-measures-of-body-fat-with-kidney-function-decline-and-incident-ckd
#3
Magdalena Madero, Ronit Katz, Rachel Murphy, Anne Newman, Kushang Patel, Joachim Ix, Carmen Peralta, Suzanne Satterfield, Linda Fried, Michael Shlipak, Mark Sarnak
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although anthropometric measures of body fat are associated with development of CKD, they may not be able to distinguish between various forms of fat and therefore may be less accurate than computed tomography (CT) measures. We compared the association of CT and anthropometric measures of obesity with kidney outcomes in the Health Aging and Body Composition Study. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Participants were recruited from March of 1997 through July of 1998...
May 18, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520811/body-shape-index-sex-specific-differences-in-predictive-power-for-all-cause-mortality-in-the-japanese-population
#4
Yuji Sato, Shouichi Fujimoto, Tsuneo Konta, Kunitoshi Iseki, Toshiki Moriyama, Kunihiro Yamagata, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Ichiei Narita, Masahide Kondo, Masato Kasahara, Yugo Shibagaki, Koichi Asahi, Tsuyoshi Watanabe
BACKGROUND: While body mass index (BMI) is the most widely used anthropometric measure, its association with all-cause mortality is generally J-shaped or U-shaped. A body shape index (ABSI) is a recently formulated anthropometric measure that shows linear relationship to all-cause mortality, especially in Caucasian cohorts. We aimed to address the relationship between ABSI and all-cause mortality in Asians and to assess the influence of sex difference and of chronic kidney disease (CKD) on this relationship...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28519964/association-between-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-glycated-hemoglobin-levels-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#5
Lee Ling Lim, Yong Muh Ng, Pei San Kang, Soo Kun Lim
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Vitamin D is suggested to influence glucose homeostasis. An inverse relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and glycemic control in non-chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) was reported. We aimed to examine this association among T2D patients with CKD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 100 T2D participants with stage 3-4 CKD were recruited. Blood for HbA1c , serum 25(OH)D, renal, and lipid profiles were drawn at enrolment...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513257/factors-associated-with-levels-of-physical-activity-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-the-role-of-dialysis-versus-non-dialysis-day
#6
Clara Suemi da Costa Rosa, Danilo Yuzo Nishimoto, Ismael Forte Freitas Júnior, Emmanuel Gomes Ciolac, Henrique Luiz Monteiro
BACKGROUND: patients on hemodialysis (HD) report lower physical activity (PA) levels. We analysed factors associated with low levels of PA in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and compared PA on HD day and non-HD. METHODS: 79 patients wore an accelerometer and were classified according to time spent on moderate-vigorous PA (MVPA). Demographic data, BMI, comorbidities, clinical status and health related quality of life (HRQoL) were checked for association with PA...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508131/muscle-wasting-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#7
Eduardo A Oliveira, Wai W Cheung, Kalodiah G Toma, Robert H Mak
Loss of lean body mass is a relevant component of the cachexia, or protein energy wasting (PEW), syndrome. Reduced muscle mass seems to be the most solid criterion for the presence of cachexia/PEW in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and those with greater muscle mass loss have a higher risk of death. Children with CKD have many risk factors for lean mass and muscle wasting, including poor appetite, inflammation, growth hormone resistance, and metabolic acidosis. Mortality risks in patients with CKD increases as body mass index (BMI) and weight decreases...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501388/association-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-chronic-kidney-disease-in-a-chinese-urban-population
#8
Juan Chen, Xianglei Kong, Xiaoyan Jia, Wenbin Li, Zunsong Wang, Meiyu Cui, Dongmei Xu
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the relationships between the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the metabolic risk factors in a developing country such as China, where genetic and environmental backgrounds differ from those in Western countries. METHODS: The subjects of this cross-sectional study were the individuals from 18 to 92y. The metabolic syndrome (MetS) was defined based on the criteria of Adult Treatment Panel Third Report (ATP III), but using body mass index (BMI) instead of waist circumference...
May 10, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490898/education-and-screening-for-chronic-kidney-disease-in-indian-youth-pilot-program-results
#9
Panduranga S Rao, Julie A Wright Nunes, Brenda W Gillespie, Rachel L Perlman, Rajan Ravichandran
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of information on kidney education and screening programs in Indian youth. METHODS: Participants (n=2,158) from Chennai colleges were educated about the kidneys and chronic kidney disease (CKD) and screened in a pilot program from April to May 2013. This entailed: 1) a presentation and educational video and 2) an on-site assessment of weight, blood pressure, and demographic information. Urinalysis (UA) kits were distributed and returned in ≤48 hours...
2017: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453510/is-aspirin-associated-with-diabetic-retinopathy-the-singapore-epidemiology-of-eye-disease-seed-study
#10
Yuan Shi, Yih-Chung Tham, Ning Cheung, Jacqueline Chua, Gavin Tan, Paul Mitchell, Jie Jin Wang, Yin Bun Cheung, Ching-Yu Cheng, Tien Yin Wong
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To determine the association between aspirin use and diabetic retinopathy (DR) among persons with diabetes, in a population-based, cross-sectional study. METHODS: Subjects with diabetes aged >40 years from the Singapore Epidemiology of Eye Diseases Study were enrolled in this study. Retinal photographs were graded for DR according to the modified Airlie House classification system. Vision threatening diabetic retinopathy (VTDR) was defined as the presence of severe non-proliferative DR, or proliferative DR, or clinically significant macular oedema...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448584/sarcopenia-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-not-yet-on-dialysis-analysis-of-the-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#11
Viviane Angelina de Souza, Dílmerson Oliveira, Sérgio Ribeiro Barbosa, José Otávio do Amaral Corrêa, Fernando Antônio Basile Colugnati, Henrique Novais Mansur, Natália Maria da Silva Fernandes, Marcus Gomes Bastos
INTRODUCTION: Sarcopenia is a chronic condition that is associated with aging and characterized by a reduction of muscle mass, strength, and function. Sarcopenia is prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and associated with increased morbidity and mortality, as well as cardiovascular complications. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of sarcopenia in patients with CKD not yet on dialysis and its correlation with clinical and laboratory variables and inflammatory markers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442280/kidney-disease-in-patients-with-obesity-it-is-not-always-obesity-related-glomerulopathy-alone
#12
Steven P Salvatore, James M Chevalier, Sheng F Kuo, Pat F Audia, Surya V Seshan
OBJECTIVE: Patients with obesity are at risk for chronic kidney disease. The aim is to characterize the spectrum of kidney disease in these patients, which may be related to obesity, termed obesity-related glomerulopathy (ORG), or may have other diseases secondary to associated or unassociated medical conditions. METHODS: Native kidney biopsies from 2000 to 2012 were retrospectively reviewed from all patients with body mass index >30kg/m(2). Glomerular diameter was measured using a standard micrometer and clinicopathologic characteristics were analyzed...
April 22, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437620/american-association-of-clinical-endocrinologists-and-american-college-of-endocrinology-guidelines-for-management-of-dyslipidemia-and-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#13
Paul S Jellinger, Yehuda Handelsman, Paul D Rosenblit, Zachary T Bloomgarden, Vivian A Fonseca, Alan J Garber, George Grunberger, Chris K Guerin, David S H Bell, Jeffrey I Mechanick, Rachel Pessah-Pollack, Kathleen Wyne, Donald Smith, Eliot A Brinton, Sergio Fazio, Michael Davidson
OBJECTIVE: The development of these guidelines is mandated by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) Board of Directors and American College of Endocrinology (ACE) Board of Trustees and adheres with published AACE protocols for the standardized production of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). METHODS: Recommendations are based on diligent reviews of the clinical evidence with transparent incorporation of subjective factors, according to established AACE/ACE guidelines for guidelines protocols...
April 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429111/impact-of-serum-albumin-levels-on-long-term-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#14
Hideki Wada, Tomotaka Dohi, Katsumi Miyauchi, Jun Shitara, Hirohisa Endo, Shinichiro Doi, Ryo Naito, Hirokazu Konishi, Shuta Tsuboi, Manabu Ogita, Takatoshi Kasai, Shinya Okazaki, Kikuo Isoda, Satoru Suwa, Hiroyuki Daida
Epidemiological studies have demonstrated an association between low serum albumin levels and both coronary artery disease (CAD) and mortality. However, the long-term clinical impact of low serum albumin level in patients with CAD undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has not yet been fully investigated. We studied 2860 all-comer patients with CAD who underwent their first PCI and had data available for pre-procedural serum albumin between 2000 and 2011. Patients were assigned to tertiles based on pre-procedural albumin levels...
April 20, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423036/metabolic-syndrome-serum-uric-acid-and-renal-risk-in-patients-with-t2d
#15
Francesca Viazzi, Pamela Piscitelli, Carlo Giorda, Antonio Ceriello, Stefano Genovese, Giuseppina Russo, Pietro Guida, Paola Fioretto, Salvatore De Cosmo, Roberto Pontremoli
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Metabolic Syndrome (Mets) and increased serum uric acid (SUA), are well known renal risk predictors and often coexist in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Whether they independently contribute to the onset of CKD is at present unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: Within the AMD Annals database we identified patients with T2D and normal renal function and urine albumin excretion at baseline and regular follow-up visits during a 4-year period. Blood pressure, BMI, HDL, triglycerides, and SUA were available in 14,267 patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419531/urinary-incontinence-and-hydration-a-population-based-analysis
#16
Marcella Willis-Gray, Jennifer M Wu, Alayne Markland
AIMS: To determine if there is an association between urinary incontinence (UI) and an objective measure of hydration status in men and women in a nationwide, population-based sample. METHODS: We utilized data from the 2009 to 2010 and 2011 to 2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES), cross sectional surveys of the US non-institutionalized population. Our primary outcome was moderate/severe UI measured using a validated scale. Our exposure of interest was hydration status...
April 18, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399042/pre-end-stage-renal-disease-visit-to-visit-systolic-blood-pressure-variability-and-post-end-stage-renal-disease-mortality-in-incident-dialysis-patients
#17
Keiichi Sumida, Miklos Z Molnar, Praveen K Potukuchi, Fridtjof Thomas, Jun Ling Lu, Kunihiro Yamagata, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Csaba P Kovesdy
OBJECTIVES: Higher SBP visit-to-visit variability (SBPV) has been associated with increased risk of adverse events in patients with chronic kidney disease, but the association of SBPV in advanced nondialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease with mortality after the transition to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) remains unknown. METHODS: Among 17 729 US veterans transitioning to dialysis between October 2007 and September 2011, we assessed SBPV calculated from the SD of at least three intraindividual outpatient SBP values during the last year prior to dialysis transition (prelude period)...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398958/new-onset-diabetes-in-hiv-treated-adults-from-thailand-predictors-long-term-renal-and-cardiovascular-outcomes
#18
Opass Putcharoen, Lalita Wattanachanya, Jiratchaya Sophonphan, Sarawut Siwamogsatham, Vorapot Sapsirisavat, Sivaporn Gatechompol, Supalak Phonphithak, Stephen J Kerr, Yingyos Avihingsanon, Kiat Ruxrungtham, Anchalee Avihingsanon
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and risk factors for developing diabetes mellitus (DM) in a cohort of Thai HIV-infected patients on long-term combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). DESIGN: Prospective study conducted between July 1996-April 30, 2015. METHODS: 1,748 subjects (60% males) who did not have DM prior to ART were assessed twice a year. Incident DM was defined as either having two consecutive fasting glucose levels >126 mg/dL, or reporting anti-DM medication/ DM diagnosis after starting cART...
April 10, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394108/the-use-of-anthropometric-measurements-of-obesity-in-prediction-of-microvascular-complications-in-obese-type-2-diabetic-patients
#19
Tomislav Bulum, Kristina Blaslov, Lea Duvnjak
Waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) are superior to body mass index (BMI) in predicting type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) development. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive power of BMI, WC, WHR and WHtR for microvascular (chronic kidney disease (CKD), retinopathy and peripheral neuropathy) prevalence in obese (BMI ≥35 kg/m2) T2DM patients. This cross-sectional study included 125 T2DM patients of both genders. The validity of each test was assessed by Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves; the area under the curve (AUC) was calculated for each anthropometric parameter and microvascular complication...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386744/impact-of-chronic-kidney-disease-among-korean-adults-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#20
Min Young Kim, Sungmin Boo, Mijung Yoo, Jonghyun Lee, Na Ree Kang
PURPOSE: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an emerging issue in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In COPD, loss of muscle mass is relatively common finding, and diagnosis of CKD should be based on measured or estimated GFR (Cavailles et al. Eur Respir Rev 22:454-475, 2013; Gosker et al. Am J Clin Nutr 71:1033-1047, 2000; Delanaye and Mariat Nat Rev Nephrol 9:513-522, 2013). We aimed to determine the prevalence and impact of CKD, defined by using chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation, in COPD patients...
April 6, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
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