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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323081/primary-signet-cell-adenocarcinoma-of-bladder
#1
Prateek Kinra, S P Rashmi, Aftab Alam, Harkirat Singh, S C Dash
Primary signet cell cancer of the urinary bladder is a relatively rare entity. Since there is no mucinous epithelium in the bladder, It is proposed that the tumor arises from metaplastic urothelium. Two thirds of the tumours are mucin secreting, in most of which the site of the deposition is either extracellular or intracellular displacing the nucleus to a peripheral crescent, giving the cells a signet ring appearance. The tumours are most often infiltrative and diffusely involving the majority of the bladder akin to its name sake in stomach...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312700/modified-exposure-method-for-gastric-mobilization-in-robot-assisted-esophagectomy
#2
Yu Zheng, Xi-Wen Zhao, Han-Lu Zhang, Zi-Hao Wang, Yun Wang
Background: We describe a modified method to facilitate gastric mobilization in robotic esophagectomy. Furthermore, we performed a prospective comparative analysis of surgical outcomes between the conventional method and described technique. Methods: From April 1st, 2016 to December 31st, 2016, 59 consecutive patients were included who underwent robot-assisted McKeown esophagectomy for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in our institution. They were subdivided into two groups based on the method of gastric exposure: a grasper retraction (GR) group (n=27) and a thread retraction (TR) group (n=32)...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301064/non-exposure-endoscopic-laparoscopic-cooperative-surgery-for-stomach-tumors-first-experience-from-the-czech-republic
#3
Jan Hajer, Lukáš Havlůj, Adam Whitley, Robert Gürlich
Background/Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate the use of non-exposure endoscopic wall-inversion surgery (NEWS) and the combination of laparoscopic and endoscopic approaches to neoplasia with non-exposure technique (CLEAN-NET) in gastric tumors. Methods: We reviewed all cases of NEWS and CLEAN-NET performed in the department of surgery of the Royal Vinohrady Teaching Hospital. Results: Our department performed 12 gastric tumor resections (NEWS, n=10 and CLEAN-NET, n=2) between March 2016 and February 2017...
January 4, 2018: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290316/lymphoepithelioma-like-carcinoma-of-the-large-intestine-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Cristina Díaz Del Arco, Fernando Esteban Collazo, Mª Jesús Fernández Aceñero
Lymphoepithelioma like carcinoma (LELC) is a well-known neoplastic lesion that mainly involves the stomach and which has been linked to Epstein Barr virus infection. There are exceptional cases of intestinal involvement by LELC, with 7 reported cases to date. We report a new case of LELC affecting the right colon and review the literature on this rare disorder, with special emphasis on pathogenesis, molecular features and differential diagnosis.
January 2018: Revista Española de Patología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285385/mhc-class-ii-associated-stomach-cancer-mutations-correlate-with-lack-of-subsequent-tumor-development
#5
John M Yavorski, George Blanck
The role of tumor cell expression of major histocompatibility class II (MHCII) has been controversial, with evidence indicating that tumor cell expression of MHCII may lead to an anti-tumor immune response and to tumor cell apoptosis and that MHCII has pro-tumorigenic functions. The cancer genome atlas (TCGA) indicates numerous deleterious mutations for the highly specific, MHCII transcriptional activation proteins, RFX5, RFXAP, RFXANK and CIITA. Also, mutations in the non-polymorphic, human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DRA gene, which encodes the heavy chain for the most prominent human MHCII molecule, HLA-DR, are common...
December 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258858/emerging-biomarkers-for-immunomodulatory-cancer-treatment-of-upper-gastrointestinal-pancreatic-and-hepatic-cancers
#6
REVIEW
Belinda Lee, Ryan Hutchinson, Hui-Li Wong, Jeanne Tie, Tracy Putoczki, Ben Tran, Peter Gibbs, Michael Christie
Carcinomas of the oesophagus, stomach, pancreas and liver are common and account for a disproportionately high number of cancer deaths. There is a need for new treatment options for patients with advanced disease. Immunomodulatory treatments including immune checkpoint blockade offer a promising new approach, with efficacy shown in other solid tumour types. However, only a small proportion of patients with carcinomas of the oesophagus, stomach, pancreas and liver have responded to single agent checkpoint inhibitors, and there is a need for markers that are predictive of response to guide treatment of individual patients...
December 16, 2017: Seminars in Cancer Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245282/gastroenteropancreatic-origin-neuroendocrine-carcinomas-three-case-reports-with-favorable-responses-following-localized-radiotherapy-and-a-review-of-literature
#7
Yong Gyun Won, Kyung-Jin Seo, Jiyeon Hyeon, Ok Ran Shin, Eundeok Chang, Der Sheng Sun, Hae Sung Won, Yoon Ho Ko, Sae Jung Na, Su Lim Lee, Young Mi Ku, Dong Soo Lee
RATIONALE: The radiotherapy (RT) responses of gastroenteropancreatic (GEP)-origin neuroendocrine tumors remain unclear. We report cases of favorable response after localized RT of GEP-origin neuroendocrine carcinomas (GEP-NECs). PATIENT CONCERNS: 1. An 82-year-old male presented with a lower esophageal mass. Positron emission tomography computed tomography (PET-CT) scan showed a lower esophageal mass and gastrohepatic lymph nodes. 2. A 52-year-old female presented with abdominal discomfort...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235520/ubiquitin-conjugating-enzyme-e2t-ube2t-and-denticleless-protein-homolog-dtl-are-linked-to-poor-outcome-in-breast-and-lung-cancers
#8
Javier Perez-Peña, Verónica Corrales-Sánchez, Eitan Amir, Atanasio Pandiella, Alberto Ocana
Protein ubiquitination and degradation represent druggable vulnerabilities of cancer cells. We used gene expression and functional annotation analyses to identify genes in the ubiquitin pathway which are differentially expressed between normal breast and basal-like tumors. With this approach we identified 16 ubiquitin related genes overexpressed in basal-like breast cancers compared with normal breast. We then explored the association between these genes and outcomes using the KMPlotter online tool. Two genes, the ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2T (UBE2T) and the denticleless protein homolog (DTL) were overexpressed and linked with detrimental outcome in basal-like and luminal breast cancer patients...
December 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235141/pseudomesotheliomatous-carcinoma-of-the-pleura-an-autopsy-case-of-metastasis-from-a-g-csf-producing-anaplastic-carcinoma-of-the-pancreas
#9
Yui Hattori, Kazuhiro Sentani, Takuya Hattori, Naohide Oue, Wataru Yasui
Pseudomesotheliomatous carcinoma is a malignant tumor that extends along the pleura mimicking malignant mesothelioma. An 81-year-old male patient presented to our hospital with epigastralgia, and abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed a 36-mm tumor in the pancreatic tail. The laboratory data revealed a high leukocyte count (>44 000/μL). Chest CT showed left pleural thickening with pleural effusion. The cancer showed a poor response to chemotherapy, and the patient died of respiratory failure at 5 months after the onset of disease...
December 13, 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233547/the-developing-spectrum-of-gastric-type-cervical-glandular-lesions
#10
REVIEW
Karen L Talia, W Glenn McCluggage
Adenocarcinoma of the cervix is less common than squamous cell carcinoma, although its relative prevalence is increasing. Oncogenic (high-risk) human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is implicated in the development of approximately 90% of all cervical adenocarcinomas. Of the remaining non-HPV associated tumours, the most frequent is gastric-type adenocarcinoma (GAS), which is recognised by the World Health Organization as a form of mucinous adenocarcinoma of the cervix. Minimal deviation adenocarcinoma (MDA) of mucinous type (adenoma malignum) is considered an extremely well differentiated variant of GAS and is encompassed within the category of GAS...
December 9, 2017: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223168/serious-gastric-perforation-after-second-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-for-peripheral-lung-cancer-that-recurred-after-initial-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-a-case-report
#11
Hotaka Nonaka, Hiroshi Onishi, Masatoki Ozaki, Kengo Kuriyama, Takafumi Komiyama, Ryo Saito
BACKGROUND: In recent reports, re-irradiation with stereotactic body radiotherapy for lung tumors in patients previously treated with thoracic radiation therapy resulted in several serious toxicities. Serious non-lung toxicities were observed mostly in patients with central tumors, but we experienced a case of fatal gastric perforation after a second stereotactic body radiotherapy in a patient with a peripheral lung tumor. CASE PRESENTATION: An 83-year-old Asian man was diagnosed with T2N0M0 lung cancer in the form of squamous cell carcinoma in the lower lobe of his left lung...
December 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209796/-spindle-cell-osteosclerotic-bone-lesion-with-mdm2-amplification
#12
C Mogler, M Boxberg, C Knebel, W Weichert, K Wörtler, K Specht
This case report presents an osteosclerotic bone lesion in a 49-year-old man with MDM2 amplification. The final diagnosis shows metastasis to the bones from stomach cancer. In primary bone tumours, the MDM2 amplifications observed have been described for many other tumour entities as well, and therefore do not exclude bone metastasis from a carcinoma.
December 5, 2017: Der Pathologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204340/evaluation-of-coexistence-of-cancer-and-active-tuberculosis-16-case-series
#13
Beyhan Çakar, Aydın Çiledağ
Introduction: Tuberculosis is an important risk factor for cancer. Pulmonary TB and lung cancer(LC) may mimic each other especially in the aspect of the clinical and radiological features. The aim of the study was to evaluate the features and risk factors of cases with coexistence cancer and active TB. Methodology: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with coexisting TB and cancer a period from 2009 to 2014. We evaluated demographic data, the ways diagnosis of TB cases, the location of TB and cancer, TB treatment results of the cases...
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197167/to-take-or-not-to-take-with-meals-unraveling-issues-related-to-food-effects-labeling-for-oral-antineoplastic-drugs
#14
Jiexin Deng, Satjit S Brar, Lawrence J Lesko
There has been controversy regarding whether bioavailability of certain oral oncology drugs should be maximized by taking these medications with food, irrespective of label instructions in the dosing and administration section. To provide insight into this controversy, we conducted an in-depth analysis for oral antineoplastic drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 2000-2016 and identified important issues influencing food labeling decisions. Furthermore, a case study involving sonidegib, a drug approved for locally advanced basal cell carcinoma with a significant food effect on exposure, was used to demonstrate the consequences of failure to adhere to food label recommendations using drug-specific population pharmacokinetic and exposure-toxicity models...
December 2, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology in Drug Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192807/autophagy-in-advanced-low-and-high-grade-tubular-adenocarcinomas-of-the-stomach-an-ultrastructural-investigation
#15
Rosario Alberto Caruso, Giuseppe Angelico, Eleonora Irato, Rosalba de Sarro, Giovanni Tuccari, Antonio Ieni
Autophagy represents a catabolic process in which cellular protein and organelles are engulfed into autophagosomes, digested in lysosomes and reutilized for the cellular metabolism. In neoplastic conditions, autophagy may act either as a tumour suppressor avoiding the accumulation of damaged proteins and organelles or as a mechanism of cell survival promoting the tumour growth. Although enhanced autophagy has been reported in hypoxic areas of solid tumors, there are only few ultrastructural reports concerning the relationships between autophagy and tumor grade...
December 1, 2017: Ultrastructural Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192642/importance-of-optical-diagnosis-in-early-gastric-cancer-a-case-report-of-early-gastric-signet-ring-cell-carcinoma
#16
P S Akabah, S Mocan, C Molnar, D Dobru
Gastric signet ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) is a rare form of highly malignant adenocarcinoma. It is an epithelial malignancy characterized by the histologic appearance of more than 50% of cells as signet ring cells filled with mucin. The incidence of SRCC is rising,[1],[2] therefore, the diagnosis of these cancers in the early stage is important as it is the only stage that curative measures can be done. A 49-year-old female was hospitalized due to epigastric pain, postprandial bloating for 3 months. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy with narrow band imaging (NBI) showed 1...
October 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189961/feasibility-of-endoscopic-resection-using-bipolar-snare-for-nonampullary-duodenal-tumours-in-familial-adenomatous-polyposis-patients
#17
Kazuya Inoki, Takeshi Nakajima, Satoru Nonaka, Seiichiro Abe, Haruhisa Suzuki, Shigetaka Yoshinaga, Ichiro Oda, Masayoshi Yamada, Mizuki Takatsu, Hiroshi Yoshida, Hirokazu Taniguchi, Shigeki Sekine, Yuichiro Ohe, Yutaka Saito
The management of duodenal and colorectal tumours is important in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). Endoscopic resection (ER) should be carefully performed because the risk of complications during or after (ER) of nonampullary duodenal tumours is higher than that of stomach or colorectal lesions in general. Thus, we evaluated the feasibility of endoscopic resection using bipolar snare (ERB) for nonampullary duodenal tumours in FAP patients. Eleven FAP patients who underwent ERB for nonampullary duodenal tumours at our hospital between October 2013 and December 2016 were retrospectively analysed based on clinicopathological features...
November 30, 2017: Familial Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178100/-lymph-node-metastasis-regularity-and-risk-factors-in-768-cardiac-carcinoma-patients
#18
Jie Yue, Xiaofeng Duan, Lei Gong, Jianguo Zhang, Zhentao Yu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the regularity of lymph node metastasis in cardiac carcinoma and its risk factors. METHOD: Complete clinicopathological data of 768 cardiac carcinoma patients undergoing radical resection and lymph node dissection were collected. A retrospective cohort study was performed to analyze the distribution of lymph node metastasis (lymph node metastasis rate=number of patients with lymph node metastasis/number of patients with lymph node dissection; lymph node metastasis frequency=number of metastatic lymph node/number of total resected lymph node) and the influence of clinicopathological factors on lymph node metastasis...
November 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177209/h-pylori-infection-and-gastric-cancer-in-bangladesh-a-case-control-study
#19
Khandker Kawser Sarker, Md Jahangir Kabir, A K M Minhaj Uddin Bhuyian, Md Shahjadul Alam, Fazle Rabbi Chowdhury, M Abdul Ahad, Md Anisur Rahman, M Mizanur Rahman
Background: Like that of other Asian countries gastric cancer (GC) is also a leading cancer in Bangladesh and also a cause for cancer-related mortality. Infection with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is the strongest recognized risk factor for gastric adenocarcinoma. The infection is also prevalent in common people. This case-control study was carried out to find an association between GC and H. pylori infection in the community. Materials and Methods: To evaluate association of H...
November 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177161/early-gastroenteropancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors-endoscopic-therapy-and-surveillance
#20
REVIEW
Hans Scherübl, Guillaume Cadiot
Neuroendocrine neoplasias (NEN) of the stomach, duodenum, pancreas, appendix, or rectum that are ≤1 cm in size as well as well-differentiated with World Health Organization grade 1 (G1) can be considered 'early' neuroendocrine tumors; they have a very good prognosis. Regarding prognosis, neuroendocrine tumors (NET) G1 must be distinguished from well-differentiated NET G2 and poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas (NEC) G3. NET are increasing, with a rise in the age-adjusted incidence in the USA by about 700% in the last 40 years...
October 2017: Visceral Medicine
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