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Liberation medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682957/the-new-world-health-organization-recommendations-on-perioperative-administration-of-oxygen-to-prevent-surgical-site-infections-a-dangerous-reductionist-approach
#1
Manuel Wenk, Hugo Van Aken, Alexander Zarbock
In October 2016, the World Health Organization (WHO) published recommendations for preventing surgical site infections (SSIs). Among those measures is a recommendation to administer oxygen at an inspired fraction of 80% intra- and postoperatively for up to 6 hours. SSIs have been identified as a global health problem, and the WHO should be commended for their efforts. However, this recommendation focuses only on the patient's "wound," ignores other organ systems potentially affected by hyperoxia, and may ultimately worsen patient outcomes...
July 4, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634521/a-review-of-echocardiograms-in-hypertensive-patients-greater-than-60-years-in-a-community-based-family-medicine-program
#2
Shideh Doroudi, Michael D DeLisi, Vincent A DeBari
Background: Heart disease as a result of Hypertension is known to occur. Anatomical and functional changes of the heart can easily be detected by echocardiography, which is a safe and readily available study. Objectives: The aims of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of common echocardiographic changes in chronic hypertensive patients and to compare these changes in male and female populations. Design/methods: The study was a community-based cross-sectional study, on 227 hypertensive patients, 60 years and older, seen in St...
January 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610598/forensic-toxicology-analysis-of-self-poisoning-suicidal-deaths-in-tehran-iran-trends-between-2011-2015
#3
Roya Kordrostami, Maryam Akhgari, Maryam Ameri, Masoud Ghadipasha, Kamran Aghakhani
BACKGROUND: Suicide ranks among the top ten causes of death in all age groups all over the world. There are many methods for committing suicide including self-poisoning, firearm and hanging. The aim of the present study was to provide an overview of self-poisoning related suicidal deaths with special focus on forensic toxicology analysis results in Tehran, Iran from 2011 to 2015. METHODS: All suspicious cases with the the history of self-poisoning were investigated to define the cause and manner of death under the supervision of forensic medicine practitioners...
June 13, 2017: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595440/on-the-way-of-liberation-from-suffering-and-pain-role-of-hypnosis-in-palliative-care
#4
Enrico Facco, Edoardo Casiglia, Gastone Zanette, Ines Testoni
The huge problems related to chronic, ultimately fatal diseases involve disability, pain, suffering and the perception of one's doom; this calls for reappraising the conventional concepts of health and disease, life and death, encompassing spirituality and the mystery of death beyond any limited perspective. The management of suffering and pain to enhance resilience plays a central role in palliative care (PC) and is the core of the patient-centered approach, focused on the "to care" instead of the "to cure" of the illness-centered medicine...
May 25, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593011/pesticide-exposure-and-subjective-symptoms-of-cut-flower-farmers
#5
REVIEW
Hiroshi Nagami, Takajiro Suenaga, Mineko Nakazaki
Sales of cut-flowers depend much on the outer appearance of the flowers. They are not intended to be used as foodstuffs; thus, pesticides are used more liberally for cut flower growing than for other agricultural products. Flower production is often carried out in greenhouses; therefore, pesticide exposure seems to reach not only the person spraying the pesticides, but also the non-spraying workers as well. In 2009, a special research project on pesticide poisoning, affiliated with the Japanese Association of Rural Medicine, developed a study that focused on cut-flower farmers' exposure to pesticide, subsequent adverse symptoms experienced, and treatment modalities to relieve pesticide-related symptoms...
May 2017: Journal of Rural Medicine: JRM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567247/polysulfide-1-oxides-react-with-peroxyl-radicals-as-quickly-as-hindered-phenolic-antioxidants-and-do-so-by-a-surprising-concerted-homolytic-substitution
#6
Jean-Philippe R Chauvin, Evan A Haidasz, Markus Griesser, Derek A Pratt
Polysulfides are important additives to a wide variety of industrial and consumer products and figure prominently in the chemistry and biology of garlic and related medicinal plants. Although their antioxidant activity in biological contexts has received only recent attention, they have long been ascribed 'secondary antioxidant' activity in the chemical industry, where they are believed to react with the hydroperoxide products of autoxidation to slow the auto-initiation of new autoxidative chain reactions. Herein we demonstrate that the initial products of trisulfide oxidation, trisulfide-1-oxides, are surprisingly reactive 'primary antioxidants', which slow autoxidation by trapping chain-carrying peroxyl radicals...
October 1, 2016: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529301/the-establishment-of-wonsan-laborers-hospital-during-the-japanese-occupation-and-its-significance
#7
Il Yeong Jeong, Young-Jeon Shin
On July 3, 1928, the Wonsan Labor Union established the Wonsan Laborers' Hospital in Seoku-dong, Wonsan for the purpose of reducing medical consultation fees for its members. The union's efforts to improve the welfare of its members include the establishment of an educational institute, a consumers union, a barbershop, and a relief department. The Laborers' Hospital, which began with ten wards, was led by a team of two doctors, one midwife, two pharmacists, and four nurses. The two doctors were Cheol-sun Cha and Jeong-kwon Lee, and the midwife/nurse was Sun-jeong Kim...
December 2016: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527508/social-media-and-web-presence-for-patients-and-professionals-evolving-trends-and-implications-for-practice
#8
REVIEW
Jose E Barreto, Curtis L Whitehair
The use of social media has become very instinctive to many. It has become part of a daily routine. Enhanced communication, liberated expressions of self, becoming updated with all the trends and news, and marketing promotion are only some of the reasons why most people use social media. Health care providers including physicians should take advantage of these platforms for professional purposes. Social media extends far beyond the famous platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, and Instagram, used mostly for social connections...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491113/antioxidant-anti-inflammatory-and-analgesic-activities-of-agrimonia-eupatoria-l-infusion
#9
Telmo N Santos, Gustavo Costa, J Pinto Ferreira, Joana Liberal, Vera Francisco, António Paranhos, Maria T Cruz, M Castelo-Branco, I Vitória Figueiredo, M Teresa Batista
Agrimony (Agrimonia eupatoria L.) (Ae) is used in traditional medicine to treat inflammatory and oxidative related diseases. Therefore, this study focuses on the anti-inflammatory and analgesic potential of Ae infusion (AeI). Phenolic compounds characterization was achieved by HPLC-PDA-ESI/MS (n) . To evaluate antioxidant potential, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), superoxide anion, hydroxyl radical, and SNAP assays were used. In vitro anti-inflammatory activity of AeI was investigated in LPS-stimulated macrophages by measuring the NO production...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474243/-preoperative-fasting-period-of-fluids-in-bariatric-surgery
#10
P Simon, U-C Pietsch, R Oesemann, A Dietrich, H Wrigge
BACKROUND: Aspiration of stomach content is a severe complication during general anaesthesia. The DGAI (German Society for Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine) guidelines recommend a fasting period for liquids of 2 h, with a maximum of 400 ml. Preoperative fasting can affect the patients' recovery after surgery due to insulin resistance and higher protein catabolism as a response to surgical stress. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare a liberal fasting regimen consisting of up to 1000 ml of liquids until 2 h before surgery with the DGAI recommendation...
July 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466099/healthcare-in-pali-buddhism
#11
Giuliano Giustarini
This article addresses an apparent paradox found in Pali Buddhist literature: while the "uncompounded" (asaṅkhata) is valued over and above what is "compounded" (saṅkhata), the texts also encourage careful attention to relative (or, physical) health. The mind is the laboratory and the object of a thorough work meant to lead to final liberation from mental affliction and from the cycle of existence, whereas the body is perceived as impure, limited, and intrinsically unsatisfactory. Nonetheless, a disciple of the Buddha is supposed to take care of his/her own and others' physical wellbeing, and monastic equipment includes a set of medicines...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366902/contextualized-autonomy-and-liberalism-broadening-the-lenses-on-complementary-and-alternative-medicines-in-preclinical-alzheimer-s-disease
#12
Eric Racine, John Aspler, Cynthia Forlini, Jennifer A Chandler
Given advances in Alzheimer's disease (AD) research, some experts have proposed a state of "preclinical" AD to describe asymptomatic individuals displaying certain biomarkers. The diagnostic accuracy of these biomarkers remains debated; however, given economic pressures, this "diagnosis" may eventually reach consumers. Since evidence-based prevention and treatment options remain only modestly effective, patients may turn to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). We explore ethical challenges associated with CAM use in preclinical AD...
2017: Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329477/second-degree-burn-to-mustard-powder
#13
Danielle M Tartar, Victoria R Sharon
Mustard seeds and powder are commonly used inhomeopathic and traditional medicines, in whichthey are believed to have both anti-microbial andanti-inflammatory properties. They are thereforeutilized in the treatment of conditions ranging fromarthritis to respiratory congestion. Herein, we presenta patient with a second degree burn who usedmustard powder in the form of a mustard plasterto treat chest congestion. She experienced seconddegree burn wounds to the lower neck and chest, andrecovery with complete re-epithelialization followingtopical silver sulfadiazine, liberal emollient therapy,and triamcinolone ointment...
January 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299367/ivf-in-sri-lanka-a-concise-history-of-regulatory-impasse
#14
Bob Simpson
This article outlines the development of IVF in Sri Lanka from the first successful births in the late 1990s and over the subsequent 15 years. It is based on anthropological fieldwork carried out at various points during this period. The piece focuses on the challenges entailed in achieving regulation of the new reproductive technologies against a backdrop of: (i) a bitter civil war; (ii) a complex mosaic of different religious traditions (specifically, Buddhism, Catholicism, Hinduism and Islam); and (iii) a shift towards neo-liberal marketization, particularly in relation to specialist and hi-tech medical interventions...
June 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207828/the-wide-spectrum-high-biocidal-potency-of-bioxy-formulation-when-dissolved-in-water-at-different-concentrations
#15
Dori Dagher, Ken Ungar, Richard Robison, Fadi Dagher
Traditional surface disinfectants that have long been applied in medicine, animal husbandry, manufacturing and institutions are inconvenient at best and dangerous at worst. Moreover, some of these substances have adverse environmental impacts: for example, quaternary ammonium compounds ("quats") are reproductive toxicants in both fish and mammals. Halogens are corrosive both to metals and living tissues, are highly reactive, can be readily neutralized by metals, and react with organic matter to form toxic, persistent by-products such as dioxins and furans...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205415/microfluidic-screening-reveals-heparan-sulfate-enhances-human-mesenchymal-stem-cell-growth-by-modulating-fibroblast-growth-factor-2-transport
#16
Drew M Titmarsh, Clarissa L L Tan, Nick R Glass, Victor Nurcombe, Justin J Cooper-White, Simon M Cool
Cost-effective expansion of human mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (hMSCs) remains a key challenge for their widespread clinical deployment. Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) is a key hMSC mitogen often supplemented to increase hMSC growth rates. However, hMSCs also produce endogenous FGF-2, which critically interacts with cell surface heparan sulfate (HS). We assessed the interplay of FGF-2 with a heparan sulfate variant (HS8) engineered to bind FGF-2 and potentiate its activity. Bone marrow-derived hMSCs were screened in perfused microbioreactor arrays (MBAs), showing that HS8 (50 μg/ml) increased hMSC proliferation and cell number after 3 days, with an effect equivalent to FGF-2 (50 ng/ml)...
April 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114715/-prolonged-weaning-in-patients-with-ards
#17
REVIEW
Stephan Braune, Bernd Schönhofer
The clinical course of moderate to severe ARDS often leads to prolonged weaning. Prolonged weaning utilizes considerable resources in intensive care medicine and is associated with a high mortality. The pathophysiology of prolonged weaning is complex and its understanding mandatory for its successful management. This article discusses and summarizes the most important causes of prolonged weaning and the corresponding treatment strategies to liberate patients with ARDS from the ventilator.
January 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110222/trade-liberalization-and-social-determinants-of-health-a-state-of-the-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Courtney McNamara
The health impacts of trade liberalization are often described in relation to access to medicines, changing dietary patterns, tobacco use and alcohol consumption. The impacts of trade liberalization on the social determinants of health (SDH), are by contrast, less well known. Missing is an account of how liberalizing processes identified across different research areas relate to each other and how the association between trade liberalization and health is conceptualized within each of them, especially with reference to SDH...
December 26, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103980/-nursing-career-of-christianity-church-in-china-and-its-social-influence
#19
Y M Li
Nursing is an important component of modern western medicine. Modern nursing was introduced into China by western missionaries. Modern nursing education promoted the establishment of professionalization of modern nursing in China, helped the development of western medicine and western hospitals, and exerted profound influences to the lifestyle modification and the independence and liberation of women.
November 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098628/the-abcdef-bundle-science-and-philosophy-of-how-icu-liberation-serves-patients-and-families
#20
E Wesley Ely
Over the past 20 years, critical care has matured in a myriad of ways resulting in dramatically higher survival rates for our sickest patients. For millions of new survivors comes de novo suffering and disability called "the postintensive care syndrome." Patients with postintensive care syndrome are robbed of their normal cognitive, emotional, and physical capacity and cannot resume their previous life. The ICU Liberation Collaborative is a real-world quality improvement initiative being implemented across 76 ICUs designed to engage strategically the ABCDEF bundle through team- and evidence-based care...
February 2017: Critical Care Medicine
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