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dementia AND palliative

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805571/palliative-care-and-nonmotor-symptoms-in-parkinson-s-disease-and-parkinsonism
#1
Nataliya Titova, K Ray Chaudhuri
The term palliative care (PC) is defined as a collection of interventions and strategies that helps to improve and sustain the quality of life of patients and caregivers in situations and scenarios associated with life-threatening illness. This is usually implemented by means of early identification and treatment of relevant motor and nonmotor issues such as pain, sleep, and autonomic dysfunction, dementia, and depression. In addition, a holistic PC program also includes delivery of physical, psychosocial, and spiritual support...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797857/level-of-care-preferences-among-nursing-home-residents-with-advanced-dementia
#2
Susan L Mitchell, Jennifer A Palmer, Angelo E Volandes, Laura C Hanson, Daniel Habtemariam, Michele L Shaffer
CONTEXT: Delivering goal-directed care is a hallmark of high quality palliative care, but requires an understanding of preferences. OBJECTIVES: To describe and identify factors associated with level of care preferences among proxies of nursing home residents with advanced dementia. METHODS: Nursing home residents with advanced dementia and their proxies (N=402 dyads) were recruited from 62 Boston-area facilities as part of an ongoing randomized clinical trial...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793905/the-liverpool-care-pathway-a-systematic-review-discarded-in-cancer-patients-but-good-enough-for-dying-nursing-home-patients
#3
Bettina S Husebø, Elisabeth Flo, Knut Engedal
BACKGROUND: The Liverpool Care Pathway (LCP) is an interdisciplinary protocol, aiming to ensure that dying patients receive dignified and individualized treatment and care at the end-of-life. LCP was originally developed in 1997 in the United Kingdom from a model of cancer care successfully established in hospices. It has since been introduced in many countries, including Norway. The method was withdrawn in the UK in 2013. This review investigates whether LCP has been adapted and validated for use in nursing homes and for dying people with dementia...
August 9, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776066/-management-of-an-elderly-patient-in-the-emergency-room-at-the-end-of-life-a%C3%A2-medical-ethics-challenge
#4
G Michels, R Nies, S Ortmann, R Pfister, F Salomon
A 94-year-old patient with cardiogenic shock due to myocardial infarction was admitted via the emergency room. A coronary angiography and intensive care were requested. The need for care due to dementia was known. After case discussion in the interdisciplinary and multiprofessional treatment team, the decision for a palliative care concept in the form of symptom control was made in the emergency room, taking into account the patient's medical history, the current situation, and the presumed patient consent...
August 3, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766441/prison-no-place-for-older-people
#5
Ann Norman
Prisons and probation ombudsman Nigel Newcomen has called for a national strategy to address the healthcare needs of older people in prison. His report should be welcomed - it focuses attention on a group of people who are all too easily overlooked in our society. The bad news is, the report is a depressing read. Prisons designed for young men are struggling to cope with people in their seventies and eighties who may have dementia or need palliative care.
August 2, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754053/complex-decision-making-in-patients-with-dementia-in-an-internal-medicine-department
#6
Ladislav Kabelka
With the increase of polymorbidity, extending life expectancy and improving treatment options for chronic diseases, the care for dementia is moving into other areas of medicine. The length and quality of life with advanced dementia is directly dependent on the quality of medical and nursing care, early detection and treatment of complications, nutritional support and palliative care plan. Significant is also the support for family carers. The key coordinators of care for patients with dementia are general practitioners (GPs), geriatricians, psychiatrists, and an increasingly important role play internists...
October 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754051/palliative-dementia-care-lessons-from-a-european-perspective
#7
Philip J Larkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754050/palliative-care-covers-more-than-end-of-life-issues-why-is-this-not-common-practice-in-dementia-care-and-what-are-the-implications
#8
Dianne Gove, Ana Diaz-Ponce, Jean Georges
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754049/the-advance-care-planning-experiences-of-people-with-dementia-family-caregivers-and-professionals-a-synthesis-of-the-qualitative-literature
#9
Tony Ryan, Karwan M Amen, Jane McKeown
There exists compelling evidence that advance care planning (ACP) remains a key factor in the delivery of appropriate end of life care and facilitates the timely transition to palliative care for people with dementia. Take up of ACP within the dementia population is low, especially when compared with other conditions. Quantitative research has helped in identifying some of the key factors in enabling or inhibiting the use of ACP within the dementia population. Qualitative research can, however, shed further light upon the experiences of all...
October 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754048/barriers-to-palliative-care-for-advanced-dementia-a-scoping-review
#10
Meira Erel, Esther-Lee Marcus, Freda Dekeyser-Ganz
People with dementia often fail to receive palliative care, despite increased recognition of their need and eligibility for such care. The aims of this study were to assess the barriers associated with a lack of implementation of palliative care for people with dementia and to explore whether there is a gap in knowledge necessitating further study. We reviewed the English literature published from 2000 to 2016, related to barriers to palliative care for people with dementia. Twenty-two articles met inclusion criteria for the review...
October 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754047/introducing-namaste-care-to-the-hospital-environment-a-pilot-study
#11
Kimberley St John, Jonathan Koffman
BACKGROUND: The rising prevalence of dementia is impacting on acute hospitals and placing increased expectations on health and social care professionals to improve the support and services they are delivering. It has been recommended that good practice in dementia care relies on adopting a palliative approach to care and meeting people's physical, psychological, social and spiritual needs. Increased dementia training for staff that includes initiatives that promote dignity; enhancing communication skills and recognizing that a person with dementia may be approaching the end of their lives are needed...
October 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754044/relational-approach-to-ethics-and-quality-improvement-in-institutional-care-for-people-with-dementia
#12
Dana Hradcová
BACKGROUND: Autonomy has become a key organizing principle in the official and expert discourses of the social services focused on strengthening of clients' independence and self-sufficiency. While "caring" has been seen as a threat to the autonomy of an individual, the care dependency and need for palliative care for people with dementia living in residential institutions are growing. METHODS: Participatory action research was realized in 9 homes providing services for people with dementia with the aim to improve the quality of care...
October 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754041/the-development-of-palliative-care-for-dementia
#13
Ladislav Volicer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746664/what-do-cochrane-systematic-reviews-say-about-non-pharmacological-interventions-for-treating-cognitive-decline-and-dementia
#14
Vitória Carvalho Vilela, Rafael Leite Pacheco, Carolina Oliveira Cruz Latorraca, Daniela Vianna Pachito, Rachel Riera
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a highly prevalent condition worldwide. Its chronic and progressive presentation has an impact on physical and psychosocial characteristics and on public healthcare. Our aim was to summarize evidence from Cochrane reviews on non-pharmacological treatments for cognitive disorders and dementia. DESIGN AND SETTING: Review of systematic reviews, conducted in the Discipline of Evidence-Based Medicine, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo...
May 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733536/do-cancer-patients-with-dementia-receive-less-aggressive-treatment-in-end-of-life-care-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#15
Huei-Kai Huang, Jyh-Gang Hsieh, Chia-Jung Hsieh, Ying-Wei Wang
Dementia is a progressive, incurable disease that can deprive patients of the ability to make decisions. This study determines whether dementia influences the medical care that a cancer patient receives at the end of life. We conducted a nationwide population-based cohort study on patients aged ≥20 with newly diagnosed cancer during 2000-2012. After matching to reduce confounders, there were 7,111 patients with and 28,444 without dementia. The adjusted odd ratios (OR) for medical interventions, including intensive care, palliative care, invasive procedures, and advanced diagnostic testing, were calculated for the final month and three months of life by a multiple logistic regression model...
June 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731379/quasi-experimental-evaluation-of-a-multifaceted-intervention-to-improve-quality-of-end-of-life-care-and-quality-of-dying-for-patients-with-advanced-dementia-in-long-term-care-institutions
#16
René Verreault, Marcel Arcand, Lucie Misson, Pierre J Durand, Edeltraut Kroger, Michèle Aubin, Maryse Savoie, Thomas Hadjistavropoulos, Sharon Kaasalainen, Annick Bédard, Annie Grégoire, Pierre-Hughes Carmichael
BACKGROUND: Improvement in the quality of end-of-life care for advanced dementia is increasingly recognized as a priority in palliative care. AIM: To evaluate the impact of a multidimensional intervention to improve quality of care and quality of dying in advanced dementia in long-term care facilities. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental study with the intervention taking place in two long-term care facilities versus usual care in two others over a 1-year period...
July 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727242/examining-trust-in-health-professionals-among-family-caregivers-of-nursing-home-residents-with-advanced-dementia
#17
Jannie A Boogaard, Perla Werner, Anna Zisberg, Jenny T van der Steen
AIM: In a context of increasing emphasis on shared decision-making and palliative care in dementia, research on family caregivers' trust in health professionals in advanced dementia is surprisingly scant. The aim of the present study was to assess trust in nursing home health professionals of family caregivers of nursing home residents with advanced dementia, and possible correlates, such as family caregivers' satisfaction, involvement in care, care burden and patients' symptom burden...
July 20, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718298/a-systematic-review-of-the-prevalence-of-comorbid-cancer-and-dementia-and-its-implications-for-cancer-related-care
#18
L McWilliams, C Farrell, G Grande, J Keady, C Swarbrick, J Yorke
OBJECTIVES: A comorbid diagnosis of cancer and dementia (cancer-dementia) may have unique implications for patient cancer-related experience. The objectives were to estimate prevalence of cancer-dementia and related experiences of people with dementia, their carers and cancer clinicians including cancer screening, diagnosis, treatment and palliative care. METHOD: Databases were searched (CINAHL, Psychinfo, Medline, Embase, BNI) using key terms such as dementia, cancer and experience...
July 18, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705196/better-palliative-care-for-people-with-a-dementia-summary-of-interdisciplinary-workshop-highlighting-current-gaps-and-recommendations-for-future-research
#19
Siobhán Fox, Carol FitzGerald, Karen Harrison Dening, Kate Irving, W George Kernohan, Adrian Treloar, David Oliver, Suzanne Guerin, Suzanne Timmons
BACKGROUND: Dementia is the most common neurological disorder worldwide and is a life-limiting condition, but very often is not recognised as such. People with dementia, and their carers, have been shown to have palliative care needs equal in extent to those of cancer patients. However, many people with advanced dementia are not routinely being assessed to determine their palliative care needs, and it is not clear why this is so. MAIN BODY: An interdisciplinary workshop on "Palliative Care in Neurodegeneration, with a focus on Dementia", was held in Cork, Ireland, in May 2016...
July 14, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696595/-management-of-pneumonia-in-advanced-stage-dementia
#20
Emmanouil Glampedakis, Michèle Jean, Cécile Amateis, Christophe Büla
Alzheimer's dementia is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality with devastating consequences for the affected individuals and their family. Pneumonia is a common complication in patients with advanced dementia that is frequently the direct cause of death. Despite the relatively well-established progressive and non-reversible trajectory of Alzheimer's disease, these patients still frequently receive curative treatments during the last months of their lives and access to palliative care is often delayed. The approach and therapeutic options to manage pneumonia at the advanced stage of Alzheimer's disease are discussed in this article...
November 9, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
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