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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750433/effect-of-a-12-week-aerobic-exercise-training-on-serum-fetuin-a-and-adipocytokine-levels-in-type-2-diabetes
#1
Ling-Yun Zhang, Tao Liu, Ya-Qin Teng, Xiao-Yan Yao, Tian-Tian Zhao, Liang-Yan Lin, Qing-Song Jin, Yong-Jun Jin
Objective We aimed to evaluate the effect of 12-week aerobic exercise training on fetuin-A levels in type 2 diabetes mellitus and examine the relationships between fetuin-A and adipocytokine levels and cardiovascular risk factors. Methods The study included 32 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who were assigned to an exercise or a control group. The exercise group underwent 12 weeks of exercise (consisting of a 5-min warm-up, 60-min aerobic bicycle training performed at 70% of the maximal heart rate, a cool-down period, 5 times/week)...
July 27, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750399/communication-skills-trainings-subjective-appraisal-of-physicians-from-five-cancer-centres-in-north-rhine-germany
#2
Andre Karger, Franziska Geiser, Frank Vitinius, Bernd Sonntag, Ulrike Schultheis, Beate Hey, Lukas Radbruch, Nicole Ernstmann, Andrea Petermann-Meyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2017: Oncology Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750368/changes-in-white-matter-integrity-following-intensive-voice-treatment-lsvt-loud%C3%A2-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-motor-speech-disorders
#3
Alesha Reed, Jacqueline Cummine, Reyhaneh Bakhtiari, Cynthia M Fox, Carol A Boliek
Preliminary evidence suggests that intensive voice and speech treatment based on activity-dependent neuroplasticity principles holds promise for affecting positive change in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and motor speech disorders. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) allows researchers to make inferences about the integrity of white matter tracks and provides a sensitive measure of neuroplasticity. Previous treatment studies looking at the effects of training on white matter integrity have shown positive results, but these studies have been limited to gross motor function...
July 28, 2017: Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750199/a-systems-approach-to-healthcare-innovation-using-the-mit-hacking-medicine-model
#4
Tatyana A Gubin, Hari P Iyer, Shirlene N Liew, Aartik Sarma, Alex Revelos, João Ribas, Babak Movassaghi, Zen M Chu, Ayesha N Khalid, Maulik D Majmudar, Christopher Xiang Lee
MIT Hacking Medicine is a student, academic, and community-led organization that uses systems-oriented "healthcare hacking" to address challenges around innovation in healthcare. The group has organized more than 80 events around the world that attract participants with diverse backgrounds. These participants are trained to address clinical needs from the perspective of multiple stakeholders and emphasize utility and implementation viability of proposed solutions. We describe the MIT Hacking Medicine model as a potential method to integrate collaboration and training in rapid innovation techniques into academic medical centers...
July 26, 2017: Cell Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750067/the-dissemination-of-motivational-interviewing-in-swedish-county-councils-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Maria Beckman, Lars Forsberg, Helena Lindqvist, Margarita Diez, Johanna Enö Persson, Ata Ghaderi
OBJECTIVE: A significant number of Swedish practitioners are offered workshop trainings in motivational interviewing through community-based implementation programs. The objective of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate to what extent the practitioners acquire and retain skills from additional supervision consisting of feedback based on monitoring of practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 174 practitioners in five county councils across Sweden were randomized to one of the study's two groups: 1) Regular county council workshop training, 2) Regular county council workshop training followed by six sessions of supervision...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750051/acute-resistance-exercise-modulates-microrna-expression-profiles-combined-tissue-and-circulatory-targeted-analyses
#6
Randall F D'Souza, James F Markworth, Kirsten M M Aasen, Nina Zeng, David Cameron-Smith, Cameron J Mitchell
A subset of short non-coding RNAs, microRNAs (miRs), have been identified in the regulation of skeletal muscle hypertrophy and atrophy. Expressed within cells, miRs are also present in circulation (c-miR) and have a putative role in cross-tissue signalling. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of a single bout of high intensity resistance exercise (RE) on skeletal muscle and circulatory miRs harvested simultaneously. Resistance trained males (n = 9, 24.6 ± 4.9 years) undertook a single bout of high volume RE with venous blood and muscle biopsies collected before, 2 and 4hr post-exercise...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749970/effectiveness-of-physical-activity-on-patients-with-depression-and-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#7
Pei-Ling Wu, Megan Lee, Tzu-Ting Huang
AIM: In this paper we aimed to systematically review the literature on physical activity's effect on depressive symptoms in Parkinson disease. BACKGROUND: Depression is a common symptom of Parkinson's disease and is associated with increased disability, rapid progression of motor symptoms, mortality, and adverse effects on Quality of Life. DESIGN: A systematic review of primary research was undertaken and conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749969/topologynet-topology-based-deep-convolutional-and-multi-task-neural-networks-for-biomolecular-property-predictions
#8
Zixuan Cang, Guowei Wei
Although deep learning approaches have had tremendous success in image, video and audio processing, computer vision, and speech recognition, their applications to three-dimensional (3D) biomolecular structural data sets have been hindered by the geometric and biological complexity. To address this problem we introduce the element-specific persistent homology (ESPH) method. ESPH represents 3D complex geometry by one-dimensional (1D) topological invariants and retains important biological information via a multichannel image-like representation...
July 27, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749966/intrarater-and-interrater-reliability-of-three-classifications-for-scapular-dyskinesis-in-athletes
#9
Denise Martineli Rossi, Cristiane Rodrigues Pedroni, Jaqueline Martins, Anamaria Siriani de Oliveira
Clinical evaluation of scapular dyskinesis (SD) aims to identify abnormal scapulothoracic movement, underlying causal factors, and the potential relationship with shoulder symptoms. The literature proposes different methods of dynamic clinical evaluation of SD, but improved reliability and agreement values are needed. The present study aimed to evaluate the intrarater and interrater agreement and reliability of three SD classifications: 1) 4-type classification, 2) Yes/No classification, and 3) scapular dyskinesis test (SDT)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749779/weekly-personal-ozone-exposure-and-respiratory-health-in-a-panel-of-greek-schoolchildren
#10
Anna Karakatsani, Evangelia Samoli, Sophia Rodopoulou, Konstantina Dimakopoulou, Despina Papakosta, Dionisios Spyratos, Georgios Grivas, Sofia Tasi, Nikolaos Angelis, Athanasios Thirios, Anastasios Tsiotsios, Klea Katsouyanni
BACKGROUND: The association of ozone exposure with respiratory outcomes has been investigated in epidemiologic studies mainly including asthmatic children. The findings reported had methodological gaps and inconsistencies. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate effects of personal ozone exposure on various respiratory outcomes in school-age children generally representative of the population during their normal activities. METHODS: We conducted a panel study in a representative sample of school-age children in the two major cities of Greece, Athens and Thessaloniki...
July 21, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749771/seroprevalence-of-brucellosis-among-patients-attending-a-district-hospital-in-rwanda
#11
James Gafirita, George Kiiza, Angelique Murekatete, Leonard L Ndahayo, John Tuyisenge, Vedaste Mashengesho, Rudoviko Ruhirwa, Theogene Nyandwi, Brenda Asiimwe-Kateera, Vedaste Ndahindwa, Kato J Njunwa
Studies on human brucellosis in Rwanda are scarce, and the incidence is likely to be higher than official estimates. In a recent study using Rose Bengal Test (RBT) on women who had aborted or had still births in Huye district, 25% were Brucella seroprevalent. Thus, purpose of the present study was to investigate the Brucella seroprevalence in patients presenting with the key signs and symptoms of brucellosis. Cross-sectional study was done in Nyagatare District in the Eastern Province of Rwanda. A total of 198 patients were recruited from Nyagatare District Hospital, blood samples were collected, and sera analyzed with RBT...
July 24, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749630/influence-of-training-about-carcinogenic-effects-of-hookah-smoking-on-the-awareness-attitude-and-performance-of-women
#12
Saideh Mahoozi, Mohammad Heidari, Sara Shahbazi, Ladan Naseh
Background: Wrong attitudes and beliefs about the less carcinogenic effects of hookah smoking comparing to cigarette, easy availability, low cost, and other factors have caused that the usage of hookah smoking increase a lot in our country. Objective: This study has been done with the purpose of examining the influence of education about carcinogenic effects of hookah smoking on the awareness, attitude, and performance of women who refer to the healthcare and medical treatment centers. Materials and Methods: At this semi experimental study, 60 women who refer to the medical and hygienic centers of Bushehr were placed in 3 educational groups based on simple accidental sampling...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749614/dissecting-the-dynamics-of-trans-generational-immune-priming
#13
Joachim Kurtz, Sophie A O Armitage
The transfer of immunity from mother to offspring is a central way to endow the offspring with increased protection against pathogens. This phenomenon is not only found within the vertebrate domain: in some circumstances, invertebrate mothers can also give their offspring an immune kick-start, which is termed trans-generational immune priming (TGIP). TGIP has been uncovered for a number of invertebrate species, but it is not ubiquitously evident. The reasons for which are not known. In this issue of Molecular Ecology, Tate, Andolfatto, Demuth, and Graham () probe the molecular underpinnings of TGIP in concert with the temporal dynamics of the response in the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum, infected with the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Figure )...
August 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749572/new-zealand-adolescents-discouragement-of-smoking-among-their-peers
#14
Louise Marsh, Ella Iosua, Rob McGee, Joanna White
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the extent to which young people are acting as 'agents of change' in discouraging smoking among their peers. METHODS: This study used data from a survey of 2,919 New Zealand secondary school students who participated in the 2014 national Youth In-depth Survey. Relevant questions were used to assess the extent to which students engaged in behaviours to discourage or promote smoking among their peers. RESULTS: About half of all students reported some form of behaviour discouraging others from smoking, while only one in ten reported encouraging smoking...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749568/experts-views-regarding-australian-school-leavers-knowledge-of-nutrition-and-food-systems
#15
Sanaz Sadegholvad, Heather Yeatman, Anne-Maree Parrish, Anthony Worsley
OBJECTIVE: To explore Australian experts' views regarding strengths and gaps in school-leavers' knowledge of nutrition and food systems ( N&FS) and factors that influence that knowledge. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 21 highly experienced food-related experts in Australia. Qualitative data were analysed thematically using Attride-Stirling's thematic network framework. RESULTS: Two global themes and several organising themes were identified...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749550/combined-resistance-and-endurance-training-at-a-moderate-high-intensity-improves-physical-condition-and-quality-of-life-in-liver-transplant-patients
#16
Diego Moya-Nájera, Ángel Moya-Herraiz, Luis Compte-Torrero, David Hervás, Sebastien Borreani, Joaquin Calatayud, Marina Berenguer, Juan C Colado
BACKGROUND: Although currently, moderate and high intensity concurrent physical exercise is prescribed in populations with special needs due to its greater effect on physical condition and health-related quality of life (HRQOL), there are no data in the liver transplantation (LT) setting. AIM: To evaluate changes in maximal strength, aerobic capacity, body composition, liver function, and HRQOL in LT patients after a moderate to high intensity combined resistance-endurance training...
July 27, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749525/perceived-barriers-to-implementing-screening-and-brief-intervention-for-alcohol-consumption-by-adolescents-in-hospital-emergency-department-in-spain
#17
María Falcón, Javier Navarro-Zaragoza, Rosa María García-Rodríguez, Daniel Nova-López, María Dulce González-Navarro, María Mercadal, Oscar García-Algar, Aurelio Luna Ruiz-Cabello
BACKGROUND: Screening for alcohol consumption in adolescents is widely justified in the health care field because of the particular vulnerability of this population, which starts drinking alcohol at a very early age and frequently consumes high levels of the same. Hospital emergency departments (ED) could be a good venue to manage early detection and carry out brief intervention (BI) programmes. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify perceived barriers for medical staff of three hospitals in Spain to successfully implement a protocol for alcohol detection and BI for minors in the ED...
July 14, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749456/tumour-vaccines-personal-training-by-vaccination
#18
Ulrike Harjes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2017: Nature Reviews. Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749452/combined-effects-of-high-speed-railway-noise-and-ground-vibrations-on-annoyance
#19
Shigenori Yokoshima, Takashi Morihara, Tetsumi Sato, Takashi Yano
The Shinkansen super-express railway system in Japan has greatly increased its capacity and has expanded nationwide. However, many inhabitants in areas along the railways have been disturbed by noise and ground vibration from the trains. Additionally, the Shinkansen railway emits a higher level of ground vibration than conventional railways at the same noise level. These findings imply that building vibrations affect living environments as significantly as the associated noise. Therefore, it is imperative to quantify the effects of noise and vibration exposures on each annoyance under simultaneous exposure...
July 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749410/awareness-of-the-risk-of-exposure-to-infectious-material-and-the-behaviors-of-polish-paramedics-with-respect-to-the-hazards-from-blood-borne-pathogens-a-nationwide-study
#20
Anna Garus-Pakowska, Mariusz Górajski, Franciszek Szatko
(1) Background: To determine paramedics' frequency of contact with blood and other body fluids, as well as the analysis of knowledge of paramedics about blood-borne infections, their attitudes to patients infected with blood-borne viruses, and the post-exposure procedures implemented by paramedics; (2) Methods: An anonymous questionnaire among 190 paramedics working in various health care facilities in Poland (adjusted response rate, 76.3%); (3) Results: 78% of paramedics had contact with potentially infectious material at least several times a week...
July 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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