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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934807/development-of-report-turnaround-times-in-a-university-department-of-radiology-during-implementation-of-a-reformed-curriculum-for-undergraduate-medical-education
#1
Liane Albrecht, Martin H Maurer, Tim Seithe, Joachim Braun, Richard Gummert, Jonas Auer, Keno Sponheuer, Tobias Philipp Meyl, Bernd Hamm, Maximilian de Bucourt
Purpose The implementation of a reformed curriculum for undergraduate medical education with a problem-oriented focus and more bedside teaching in small groups increases the academic teaching workload. The aim of this study was to investigate whether this increase in teaching duties is associated with an increase in report turnaround times of radiologists or increased unplanned absence during term times compared with term breaks (lecture-free periods) and over the whole period under investigation. Materials and Methods The database of all radiological examinations performed at a large German university hospital was retrospectively analyzed for a two-year period from the winter term 2011/12 to the summer term 2013...
September 21, 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934799/factors-influencing-the-application-of-a-biopsychosocial-perspective-in-clinical-judgement-of-chronic-pain-interactive-management-with-medical-students
#2
Christopher P Dwyer, Phoebe E McKenna-Plumley, Hannah Durand, Emer M Gormley, Brian W Slattery, Owen M Harney, Padraig MacNeela, Brian E McGuire
BACKGROUND: Though there is wide support for the application of biopsychosocial perspectives in clinical judgement of chronic pain cases, such perspectives are often overlooked due to either inadequate training or attitudes favoring a biomedical approach. Recent research has indicated that despite such explanations, both established general practitioners (GP) and medical students account for some psychosocial factors when making clinical judgements regarding chronic pain cases, but report not being likely to apply these in real-world, clinical settings due to numerous factors, including available time with patients...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934771/stimulating-the-clinical-academics-of-tomorrow-a-survey-of-research-opportunities-for-medical-students-in-new-zealand
#3
Ibrahim S Al-Busaidi, Cameron I Wells
Developing the clinical academic workforce of the future is a priority of international relevance. Despite a number of measures implemented to address this challenge, a small proportion of medical students engage in research. Lack of knowledge of available research opportunities, and difficulty finding projects and suitable mentors are key barriers to undergraduate medical research. To date, there is no consolidated source of information on undergraduate research training opportunities and their outcomes available to medical students in New Zealand...
September 22, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934769/assessment-and-modelling-of-general-practice-and-community-setting-capacity-for-medical-trainees-in-northern-new-zealand
#4
Felicity Goodyear-Smith, Abbas Al-Murrani
AIMS: To estimate the capacity of general practice to accommodate undergraduate and postgraduate medical trainees, and model efficient ways to utilise identified capacity and increase capacity. METHODS: We conducted an online survey, with phone follow-up to non-responders, of all general practices in the northern half of New Zealand. The main outcome measures were current placements and future intentions for taking medical trainees; factors influencing decisions and possible incentives to take trainees...
September 22, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934764/assessment-of-training-capacity-in-new-zealand-general-practices-a-stocktake-in-the-lower-north-island-and-south-island
#5
Samantha A Murton, Susan Rh Pullon
AIM: General practices are providing clinically-based training for rapidly increasing numbers of medical (and other health professional) trainees. This study investigated capacity and intention of general practices to additionally teach junior doctors (now required to undertake community-based attachments by the New Zealand Medical Council) alongside current trainees in their service. METHODS: A web-based/telephone survey of all general practices was developed and administered November 2015-April 2016...
September 22, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934693/enzyme-classification-using-multiclass-support-vector-machine-and-feature-subset-selection
#6
Debasmita Pradhan, Sudarsan Padhy, Biswajit Sahoo
Proteins are the macromolecules responsible for almost all biological processes in a cell. With the availability of large number of protein sequences from different sequencing projects, the challenge with the scientist is to characterize their functions. As the wet lab methods are time consuming and expensive, many computational methods such as FASTA, PSI-BLAST, DNA microarray clustering, and Nearest Neighborhood classification on protein-protein interaction network have been proposed. Support vector machine is one such method that has been used successfully for several problems such as protein fold recognition, protein structure prediction etc...
August 31, 2017: Computational Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934677/evaluation-of-participatory-planning-lessons-from-hungarian-natura-2000-management-planning-processes
#7
Eszter Kovács, Eszter Kelemen, Gabriella Kiss, Ágnes Kalóczkai, Veronika Fabók, Barbara Mihók, Boldizsár Megyesi, György Pataki, Barbara Bodorkós, Bálint Balázs, Györgyi Bela, Katalin Margóczi, Ágnes Roboz, Dániel Molnár
Stakeholder participation in nature conservation policies and especially in the management of protected areas has gained importance in the last decades. These changes are underlined by democratic principles and the perceived contribution of stakeholder involvement to the effectiveness of conservation management. Evaluating participatory processes is essential to learn about the past and thus increase the quality of future processes. The evaluation can be useful for the organisations responsible for planning and management, stakeholders and policy makers as well...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934639/changes-in-nursing-students-expectations-of-nursing-clinical-faculties-competences-a-longitudinal-mixed-methods-study
#8
Robert Lovrić, Nada Prlić, Dragana Milutinović, Igor Marjanac, Boštjan Žvanut
BACKGROUND: Changes in nursing students' expectations of their clinical nursing faculty competences over the course of time are an insufficiently researched phenomenon. OBJECTIVES: To explore what competences BSc nursing students expect from their clinical faculties during their clinical training, and whether their expectations changed during their three-year studies. Furthermore, to survey factors which influenced their expectations and whether the fulfilment levels of their expectations influenced their feelings, learning, and behaviour...
September 8, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934562/the-enduring-legacy-of-250-years-of-pharmacology-in-edinburgh
#9
John S Kelly, Angus V P Mackay
Two hundred fifty years ago, the University of Edinburgh appointed Francis Home to the first chair of materia medica, the accumulated knowledge of materials used in healing. Francis Home and his colleagues were determined to improve the quality of medical training in Edinburgh by introducing a final examination and compiling a catalog of medicines validated by the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh. The catalog, known as the Edinburgh Pharmacopoeia, was a great success, partly due to the orderly nature of its contents, its routine editing to eliminate worthless entries, and the introduction of new treatments whose preparation was precisely documented...
September 13, 2017: Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934526/mechanisms-of-memory-retrieval-in-slow-wave-sleep
#10
Scott A Cairney, Justyna M Sobczak, Shane Lindsay, M Gareth Gaskell
Study Objectives: Memories are strengthened during sleep. The benefits of sleep for memory can be enhanced by re-exposing the sleeping brain to auditory cues; a technique known as targeted memory reactivation (TMR). Prior studies have not assessed the nature of the retrieval mechanisms underpinning TMR: the matching process between auditory stimuli encountered during sleep and previously encoded memories. We carried out two experiments to address this issue. Methods: In Experiment 1, participants associated words with verbal and nonverbal auditory stimuli before an overnight interval in which subsets of these stimuli were replayed in slow-wave sleep...
September 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934326/the-effect-of-electronic-health-record-software-design-on-resident-documentation-and-compliance-with-evidence-based-medicine
#11
Yasaira Rodriguez Torres, Jordan Huang, Melanie Mihlstin, Mark S Juzych, Heidi Kromrei, Frank S Hwang
This study aimed to determine the role of electronic health record software in resident education by evaluating documentation of 30 elements extracted from the American Academy of Ophthalmology Dry Eye Syndrome Preferred Practice Pattern. The Kresge Eye Institute transitioned to using electronic health record software in June 2013. We evaluated the charts of 331 patients examined in the resident ophthalmology clinic between September 1, 2011, and March 31, 2014, for an initial evaluation for dry eye syndrome...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934266/logical-inconsistencies-in-time-trade-off-valuation-of-eq-5d-5l-health-states-whose-fault-is-it
#12
Zhihao Yang, Jan van Busschbach, Reinier Timman, M F Janssen, Nan Luo
INTRODUCTION: Inconsistency in the time trade-off (TTO) task in EQ-5D-5L occurs when a respondent gives a higher value to a logically worse health state, the occurrence of inconsistency compromises the quality of the data. It is not yet clear which factors are associated with individual level inconsistency. Relating inconsistency to the characteristics of the respondent, interviewer, and the interview process could be helpful in understanding the causes of inconsistency. The objective of this paper is to discover the factors associated with individual level inconsistencies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934228/knowledge-about-tuberculosis-transmission-and-prevention-and-perceptions-of-health-service-utilization-among-index-cases-and-contacts-in-brazil-understanding-losses-in-the-latent-tuberculosis-cascade-of-care
#13
Flavia Matos Salame, Márcia Danielle Ferreira, Marcia Teresa Belo, Eleny Guimarães Teixeira, Marcelo Cordeiro-Santos, Ricardo Arraes Ximenes, Maria de Fátima Militão de Albuquerque, Philip C Hill, Dick Menzies, Anete Trajman
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis contacts are candidates for active and latent tuberculosis infection screening and eventual treatment. However, many losses occur in the different steps of the contacts' cascade of care. Reasons for this are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To describe the different steps where losses in the contact cascade occur and to explore knowledge and attitudes regarding tuberculosis transmission/prevention and perceptions about tuberculosis services in order to understand the reasons for losses from the tuberculosis service users' perspective...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934220/prediction-of-thermal-conductivity-of-polyvinylpyrrolidone-pvp-electrospun-nanocomposite-fibers-using-artificial-neural-network-and-prey-predator-algorithm
#14
Waseem S Khan, Nawaf N Hamadneh, Waqar A Khan
In this study, multilayer perception neural network (MLPNN) was employed to predict thermal conductivity of PVP electrospun nanocomposite fibers with multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and Nickel Zinc ferrites [(Ni0.6Zn0.4) Fe2O4]. This is the second attempt on the application of MLPNN with prey predator algorithm for the prediction of thermal conductivity of PVP electrospun nanocomposite fibers. The prey predator algorithm was used to train the neural networks to find the best models. The best models have the minimal of sum squared error between the experimental testing data and the corresponding models results...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934213/sports-engagement-and-age-at-first-myocardial-infarction-in-men-under-55-years-of-age
#15
Christoph Janggen, Christoph Gräni, Jonas Brunner, Lukas D Trachsel, Stephan Windecker, Prisca Eser, Lorenz Räber, Matthias Wilhelm
OBJECTIVE: Low levels of physical activity in childhood are associated with clustering of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) as predisposition for atherosclerosis. We assessed the association between sports engagement and age at first myocardial infarction (MI) in a cohort of men under 55 years of age. METHODS: The Bern percutaneous coronary intervention Registry (NCT 02241291) was analyzed from March 2009 until January 2012. Male patients with first MI, age 18 to 54 years and body mass index ≤25kg/m2 were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934191/effects-of-aerobic-exercise-on-brain-metabolism-and-grey-matter-volume-in-older-adults-results-of-the-randomised-controlled-smart-trial
#16
S Matura, J Fleckenstein, R Deichmann, T Engeroff, E Füzéki, E Hattingen, R Hellweg, B Lienerth, U Pilatus, S Schwarz, V A Tesky, L Vogt, W Banzer, J Pantel
There is mounting evidence that aerobic exercise has a positive effect on cognitive functions in older adults. To date, little is known about the neurometabolic and molecular mechanisms underlying this positive effect. The present study used magnetic resonance spectroscopy and quantitative MRI to systematically explore the effects of physical activity on human brain metabolism and grey matter (GM) volume in healthy aging. This is a randomised controlled assessor-blinded two-armed trial (n=53) to explore exercise-induced neuroprotective and metabolic effects on the brain in cognitively healthy older adults...
July 18, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934174/attitudes-beliefs-and-predictors-of-male-circumcision-promotion-among-medical-university-students-in-a-traditionally-non-circumcising-region
#17
Maria Ganczak, Marcin Korzeń, Maciej Olszewski
Objective: To evaluate the beliefs of medical university students regarding male circumcision (MC), as well as attitudes and the predictors of its promotion in the case of adults at risk of HIV. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted between 2013-2016 at the Medical University in Szczecin, Poland, among final year Polish/foreign students from Northern Europe, using a standardized questionnaire. Results: There were 539 participants, median age 25 years, 40.8% males, and 66.8% were Polish nationals. The MC rate was 16...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934170/mobile-based-analysis-of-malaria-infected-thin-blood-smears-automated-species-and-life-cycle-stage-determination
#18
Luís Rosado, José M Correia da Costa, Dirk Elias, Jaime S Cardoso
Microscopy examination has been the pillar of malaria diagnosis, being the recommended procedure when its quality can be maintained. However, the need for trained personnel and adequate equipment limits its availability and accessibility in malaria-endemic areas. Rapid, accurate, accessible diagnostic tools are increasingly required, as malaria control programs extend parasite-based diagnosis and the prevalence decreases. This paper presents an image processing and analysis methodology using supervised classification to assess the presence of malaria parasites and determine the species and life cycle stage in Giemsa-stained thin blood smears...
September 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934163/a-parameter-communication-optimization-strategy-for-distributed-machine-learning-in-sensors
#19
Jilin Zhang, Hangdi Tu, Yongjian Ren, Jian Wan, Li Zhou, Mingwei Li, Jue Wang, Lifeng Yu, Chang Zhao, Lei Zhang
In order to utilize the distributed characteristic of sensors, distributed machine learning has become the mainstream approach, but the different computing capability of sensors and network delays greatly influence the accuracy and the convergence rate of the machine learning model. Our paper describes a reasonable parameter communication optimization strategy to balance the training overhead and the communication overhead. We extend the fault tolerance of iterative-convergent machine learning algorithms and propose the Dynamic Finite Fault Tolerance (DFFT)...
September 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934074/routine-assessment-of-unmet-needs-in-individuals-with-advanced-cancer-and-their-caregivers-a-qualitative-study-of-the-palliative-care-needs-assessment-tool-pc-nat
#20
Sylvie Lambert, Afaf Girgis, Thomas Bellamy
PURPOSE: To examine (a) approaches used by oncologists to administer the Palliative Care Needs Assessment Tool (PC-NAT) in consultations with patients with advanced cancer and their caregivers, (b) potential of this tool to facilitate discussion of psychosocial issues, and (c) whether use of the tool alters the length of consultations. DESIGN: A qualitative analysis was undertaken of audiotaped, outpatient consultations. SAMPLE AND METHODS: 20 individuals with advanced cancer and their caregivers who participated in an interrupted time series study of the impact of the systematic utilisation of the Palliative Care Needs Assessment Tool (PC-NAT) had a total of 48 consultations audiotaped...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
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