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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906503/neurodevelopmental-disorders
#1
REVIEW
Hana D'Souza, Annette Karmiloff-Smith
Recent technological advances allow us to measure how the infant brain functions in ways that were not possible just a decade ago. Although methodological advances are exciting, we must also consider how theories guide research: what we look for and how we explain what we find. Indeed, the ways in which research findings are interpreted affects the design of policies, educational practices, and interventions. Thus, the theoretical approaches adopted by scientists have a real impact on the lives of children with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) and their families, as well as on the wider community...
December 1, 2016: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906087/legionella-pneumonia-in-the-niagara-region-ontario-canada-a-case-series
#2
Stephanie Cargnelli, Jeff Powis, Jennifer L Y Tsang
BACKGROUND: Legionella pneumophila, a major cause of Legionnaires' disease, accounts for 2-15 % of all community-acquired pneumonia requiring hospitalization and up to 30 % of community-acquired pneumonia requiring intensive care unit admission. Early initiation of appropriate antimicrobial therapy is a crucial step in the prevention of morbidity and mortality. However, recognition of Legionnaires' disease continues to be challenging because of its nonspecific clinical features. We sought to describe hospitalized community-acquired Legionnaires' disease to increase awareness of this important and potentially lethal disease...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905993/pregnant-women-s-perceptions-of-exposure-to-brominated-flame-retardants
#3
A Lane, C G Goodyer, F Rab, J M Ashley, S Sharma, A Hodgson, J Nisker
BACKGROUND: Recent media reports on human studies associating brominated flame retardants (BFRs) in household products in pregnancy with urogenital anomalies in boys and endocrine disruption in both sexes. We sought to explore the perceptions of pregnant women of brominated flame retardant (BFR) exposure, in light of recent media reports on the adverse health effects of BFR exposure prenatally. METHODS: Pregnant women were recruited for interviews through posters and pamphlets in prenatal clinics, prenatal fairs and community centres...
December 1, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905931/a-temporal-assessment-of-nematode-community-structure-and-diversity-in-the-rhizosphere-of-cisgenic-phytophthora-infestans-resistant-potatoes
#4
Vilma Ortiz, Sinead Phelan, Ewen Mullins
BACKGROUND: Nematodes play a key role in soil processes with alterations in the nematode community structure having the potential to considerably influence ecosystem functioning. As a result fluctuations in nematode diversity and/or community structure can be gauged as a 'barometer' of a soil's functional biodiversity. However, a deficit exists in regards to baseline knowledge and on the impact of specific GM crops on soil nematode populations and in particular in regard to the impact of GM potatoes on the diversity of nematode populations in the rhizosphere...
December 1, 2016: BMC Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905813/family-violence-prevention-and-services-programs-final-rule
#5
(no author information available yet)
This rule will better prevent and protect survivors of family violence, domestic violence, and dating violence, by clarifying that all survivors must have access to services and programs funded under the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act. More specifically, the rule enhances accessibility and non-discrimination provisions, clarifies confidentiality rules, promotes coordination among community-based organizations, State Domestic Violence Coalitions, States, and Tribes, as well as incorporates new discretionary grant programs...
November 2, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905642/-application-of-a-social-capital-scale-in-older-women-attending-public-primary-care-clinics
#6
Estela Arcos, Ximena Sánchez, Christine Bailey, Luis González, Antonia Vollrath, Luz Angélica Muñoz
BACKGROUND: Social capital is an economical idea that refers to connections between individuals and entities that can be economically valuable. AIM: To establish the relationship of social capital as a health care asset, with sociodemographic variables of older women attending public health care services. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Chen’s Personal Social Capital scale was applied to 113 women aged between 64 and 80 years during 2014. Cronbach’s alpha of the instrument was calculated...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905538/potential-and-optimization-of-two-phase-anaerobic-digestion-of-oil-refinery-waste-activated-sludge-and-microbial-community-study
#7
Qinghong Wang, Ying Liang, Peng Zhao, Qing X Li, Shaohui Guo, Chunmao Chen
Oil refinery waste activated sludge produced from oil wastewater biological treatment is a major industrial sludge. Two-phase anaerobic digestion of oil refinery waste activated sludge was studied for the first time. Thermal pretreatment under 170 °C is effective on sludge solubilization. At the optimum hydrolytic-acidogenic condition which was pH of 6.5, temperature of 55 °C and HRT of 2 days, 2754 mg/L volatile fatty acids (VFAs) were produced and acetic acid and butyric acid were the key components...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902840/team-based-interprofessional-competency-training-for-dementia-screening-and-management
#8
Zaldy S Tan, JoAnn Damron-Rodriguez, Mary Cadogan, Daphna Gans, Rachel M Price, Sharon S Merkin, Lee Jennings, Heather Schickedanz, Sam Shimomura, Dan Osterweil, Joshua Chodosh
As many as 50% of people satisfying diagnostic criteria for dementia are undiagnosed. A team-based training program for dementia screening and management was developed targeting four professions (medicine, nursing, pharmacy, social work) whose scope of practice involves dementia care. An interprofessional group of 10 faculty members was trained to facilitate four interactive competency stations on dementia screening, differential diagnoses, dementia management and team care planning, and screening for and managing caregiver stress...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902757/evidence-of-facilitation-cascade-processes-as-drivers-of-successional-patterns-of-ecosystem-engineers-at-the-upper-altitudinal-limit-of-the-dry-puna
#9
Luca Malatesta, Federico Maria Tardella, Karina Piermarteri, Andrea Catorci
Facilitation processes constitute basic elements of vegetation dynamics in harsh systems. Recent studies in tropical alpine environments demonstrated how pioneer plant species defined as "ecosystem engineers" are capable of enhancing landscape-level richness by adding new species to the community through the modification of microhabitats, and also provided hints about the alternation of different ecosystem engineers over time. Nevertheless, most of the existing works analysed different ecosystem engineers separately, without considering the interaction of different ecosystem engineers...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902576/implementing-huddles-improves-care-coordination-in-an-academic-health-center
#10
Carolyn S Townsend, Mary McNulty, Adria Grillo-Peck
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To determine whether routinely scheduled, organized interdisciplinary huddles result in decreased length of stay and readmissions. PRIMARY PRACTICE SETTING: The study was conducted in an academic health center (AHC) that also fills a community hospital need for a diverse inner-city population. Results are applicable in other care settings. METHODOLOGY AND SAMPLE: Daily interdisciplinary huddles were piloted on 5 medical/surgical units...
January 2017: Professional Case Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902562/enhancing-themes-and-strengths-assessment-leveraging-academic-led-qualitative-inquiry-in-community-health-assessment-to-uncover-roots-of-community-health-inequities
#11
Jennifer Hebert-Beirne, Jennifer K Felner, Yvette Castañeda, Sheri Cohen
CONTEXT: Rigorous qualitative research can enhance local health departments' efforts to gain a deeper insight into residents' perceived community health inequities necessary for productive community health assessments (CHAs) and community health improvement plans (CHIPs). OBJECTIVE: The Chicago Department of Public Health and the Partnership for Healthy Chicago used the National Association of County & City Health Officials' Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships (MAPP) model to conduct its CHA/CHIP, Healthy Chicago 2...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902410/inhibition-of-quorum-sensing-controlled-virulence-factors-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-by-murraya-koenigii-essential-oil-a-study-in-a-caenorhabditis-elegans-infectious-model
#12
P Sankar Ganesh, Ravishankar Vittal Rai
The global emergence of antibiotic resistant strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa poses a major threat in hospital environments as well as in the community. P. aeruginosa is an opportunistic human pathogen and it also infects a wide range of model organisms including the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Quorum sensing (QS) mediates cell-to-cell communication in bacteria and has an important role in regulating virulence genes, antibiotic resistance and biofilm formation which are crucial for establishment of the infection...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902387/characterization-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-at-tripoli-medical-centre-libya-between-2008-and-2014
#13
Elloulu BenDarif, Asma Khalil, Abdunnabi Rayes, Emad Bennour, Abdulgader Dhawi, John J Lowe, Shawn Gibbs, Richard V Goering
Bacterial pathogens such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) represent a well-known public health problem affecting both healthcare-associated and community populations. Past studies have clearly shown the value of characterizing problem organisms including MRSA through the use of molecular techniques (i.e., strain typing), with the aim of informing local, regional, and national efforts in epidemiological analysis and infection control. The country of Libya represents a challenge for such analysis due to limited historical infectious disease information and major political unrest culminating in the Libyan Civil War (Libyan Revolution) in 2011...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900682/construction-and-screening-of-marine-metagenomic-large-insert-libraries
#14
Nancy Weiland-Bräuer, Daniela Langfeldt, Ruth A Schmitz
The marine environment covers more than 70 % of the world's surface. Marine microbial communities are highly diverse and have evolved during extended evolutionary processes of physiological adaptations under the influence of a variety of ecological conditions and selection pressures. They harbor an enormous diversity of microbes with still unknown and probably new physiological characteristics. In the past, marine microbes, mostly bacteria of microbial consortia attached to marine tissues of multicellular organisms, have proven to be a rich source of highly potent bioactive compounds, which represent a considerable number of drug candidates...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900594/early-successional-ectomycorrhizal-fungi-effectively-support-extracellular-enzyme-activities-and-seedling-nitrogen-accumulation-in-mature-forests
#15
Bailey A Nicholson, Melanie D Jones
After stand-replacing disturbance, regenerating conifer seedlings become colonized by different ectomycorrhizal fungi (EMF) than the locally adapted EMF communities present on seedlings in mature forests. We studied whether EMF species that colonized subalpine fir (Abies lasiocarpa) seedlings in clearcuts differed from those that colonized seedlings in adjacent mature forests with respect to mycorrhizoplane extracellular enzyme activities (EEAs) and N status of the seedlings. We tested two alternate hypotheses: (1) that EEAs would differ between the two EMF communities, with higher activities associated with forest-origin communities, and (2) that acclimation to soil environment was considerable enough that EEAs would be determined primarily by the soil type in which the ectomycorrhizas were growing...
November 29, 2016: Mycorrhiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900068/body-mass-index-and-mortality-according-to-gender-in-a-community-dwelling-elderly-population-the-3-year-follow-up-findings-from-the-living-profiles-of-older-people-surveys-in-korea
#16
Seon Yeong Yu, Byung Sung Kim, Chang Won Won, Hyunrim Choi, Sunyoung Kim, Hyung Woo Kim, Min Joung Kim
BACKGROUND: Body mass index is widely regarded as an important predictor of mortality. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between body mass index and mortality and to compare community-dwelling elderly people in South Korea according to sex. METHODS: Data were collected from the 2008 and 2011 Living Profiles of Older People Surveys, which comprised 10,613 community-living South Korean men and women aged 65 years or older. The participants were stratified into five groups according to body mass index as defined by the World Health Organization guidelines...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899920/impacts-of-fertilization-regimes-on-arbuscular-mycorrhizal-fungal-amf-community-composition-were-correlated-with-organic-matter-composition-in-maize-rhizosphere-soil
#17
Chen Zhu, Ning Ling, Junjie Guo, Min Wang, Shiwei Guo, Qirong Shen
The understanding of the response of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) community composition to fertilization is of great significance in sustainable agriculture. However, how fertilization influences AMF diversity and composition is not well-established yet. A field experiment located in northeast China in typical black soil (Chernozem) was conducted and high-throughput sequencing approach was used to investigate the effects of different fertilizations on the variation of AMF community in the rhizosphere soil of maize crop...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899917/insights-into-the-regulation-of-rhizosphere-bacterial-communities-by-application-of-bio-organic-fertilizer-in-pseudostellaria-heterophylla-monoculture-regime
#18
Linkun Wu, Jun Chen, Hongmiao Wu, Xianjin Qin, Juanying Wang, Yanhong Wu, Muhammad U Khan, Sheng Lin, Zhigang Xiao, Xiaomian Luo, Zhongyi Zhang, Wenxiong Lin
The biomass and quality of Pseudostellariae heterophylla suffers a significant decline under monoculture. Since rhizosphere miobiome plays crucial roles in soil health, deep pyrosequencing combined with qPCR was applied to characterize the composition and structure of soil bacterial community under monoculture and different amendments. The results showed compared with the 1st-year planted (FP), 2nd-year monoculture of P. heterophylla (SP) led to a significant decline in yield and resulted in a significant increase in Fusarium oxysporum but a decline in Burkholderia spp...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899830/the-development-of-the-croatian-competency-framework-for-pharmacists
#19
Iva Mucalo, Maja Ortner Hadžiabdić, Tihana Govorčinović, Martina Šarić, Andreia Bruno, Ian Bates
Objective. To adjust and validate the Global Competency Framework (GbCF) to be relevant for Croatian community and hospital pharmacists. Methods. A descriptive study was conducted in three steps: translation, consensus development, and validation by an expert panel and public consultation. Panel members were representatives from community pharmacies, hospital pharmacies, regulatory and professional bodies, academia, and industry. Results. The adapted framework consists of 96 behavioral statements organized in four clusters: Pharmaceutical Public Health, Pharmaceutical Care, Organization and Management, and Personal and Professional Competencies...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899799/population-health-based-approaches-to-utilizing-digital-technology-a-strategy-for-equity
#20
Garth N Graham, MaryLynn Ostrowski, Alyse B Sabina
Health care disparities and high chronic disease rates burden many communities and disproportionally impact racial/ethnic populations in the United States. These disparities vary geographically, increase health care expenses, and result in shortened lifespans. Digital technologies may be one tool for addressing health disparities and improving population health by increasing individuals' access to health information-especially as most low-income U.S. residents gain access to smartphones. The Aetna Foundation partners with organizations to use digital technologies, including mobile applications, data collection, and related platforms, for learning and sharing...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
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